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Gospel Messenger 

Volume 96 

JANUARY 4, 1947 

Number L 



THESE upright charred posts are all that is left of this Chinese lad's home after 
war had finished with it. 
He has come back from hiding in some hole in the ground to stand by the 
broken-down kitchen stove. He is waiting for mother to come and for the other mem- 
bers of the family. It is time for breakfast and he is hungry. His brows are puck- 
ered; his face is filled with grief. Where is mother? Father? Brothers and sis- 
ters? How long shall he wait? 

How long he will wait is a question we in America must help to answer. How 
long will it be until a better day comes when war no longer does this to homes, to 
families and to little children? Unless we, who are Christian, do more than we have 
done about teaching a better way, this lad, and others like him in all lands, will have 
to wait forever. 

May God help us to do something about it now. 

D. W. B. 

Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, 111., as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

JANUARY 4, 1947 
Volume 96 Number 1 

AtOMHdtlie. Wo^lA 

The tea<^er shortaige is so acute 
in the public school system of Har- 
lan County, Ky., that the board of 
education has appealed to the local 
ministerial association for volunteer 
part-time help. 

Miss Emily Gr^ne Balch, co-win- 
ner of the 1946 Nobel Peace Prize, 
will give her $17,000 award to the 
Women's International League for 
Peace, of which she and the late 
Jane Addams were founders. 

One of the half dollars honoring 
Booker T. Washington was present- 
ed recently to President Truman. 
These commemorative coins are be- 
ing sold for $1 Tind $1.50; the pro- 
ceeds will be used to erect a me- 
morial to the great Negro educator 
at his birthplace at Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Foreign student seminars, a proj- 

f\ *T7 ' 0^ / ^^^ °^ *^^ American Friends Service 

VVl IlilS I LUVi/lbCh. • • • Committee, will be resumed next 

summer. It is planned to hold ten 

''""r',.,^, , seminars, in which thirty or forty 

Waiting D.W.B. 1 . . , . • * j x -n 

Around the World (E.W.) 2 foreign and American students will 

Makers of the Messenger (H.A.B.) 3 study together international rela- 

Ask (D.W.B.) 4 tions for seven or eight weeks. 

Thinking About the News (D.W.B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 One million one hundred thousand 

With Our Schools 17 dollars is needed, in addition to oth- 

About Books 24 . „, , ,, „ . 

er gifts, for the five-year program of 

The General Forum— the American Bible Society, it was 

Our Christian Obligation Is Not Ended. announced at the annual meeting 

DeWitt L. Miller 5 ^f ^^g society. Preparations are be- 

Mission to Europe 6 .^ , , ., ,-„»„»« t.-i_i 

"Thar's Gold in Them Thar Hills." John i^S made to print 1,000,000 Bibles 

W. Flucke 7 in Germany besides the thousands 

Companion (Verse). Ruth B. Statler ...10 printed in this country and sent 

Christian People Should Help Each Oth- there 

er. I. W. Moomaw 10 

Do We Mean Business About Peacetime 

Conscription? Edson Sower 12 Senator Robert A. Tcrft strid: 

Beachcombers. R. E. Mohler 12 

The proposal is that we establish 

ome an ami y 1^ ^IP^I^ country military training for 

^^es^nd 'rBi;?nge^":!"!?!^..!'.°."!:i3 ^^^^y boy, the same mmtory set- 

Letter to a New Baby. Merlin Frantz . . 14 ^^P which we Went to war to ahol- 

". . . They Know Not What They Do." ish in Germany and Japan. Wheth- 

Maeanna Cheserton-Mangle 15 er we become a militaristic and to- 

Walking With God Today. Edward Kru- ~, ,!~ . " "'•'•'•'-"-' ^^ <- "■"•"■ "-^ 

sen Ziegler 15 talitarian country depends more on 

this measure than any other. It 

Our MUsion Work— ^^^^ ^^ ^gj^^^g ^^ ^^y Hy^ited class 

^^Bttti?ef'^''^ Albright. Desmond W.^^ ^^ group. It reaches every family 

Rowena^Lth Wampier Aibr'ight.' ■ Irene and every boy. It subjects them 

F. Bittinger .18 completely to the domirmtion of the 

Northwestern Kansas First to Exceed government for six m,onths during 

A ReSntDed^lSrJnbV Chin;;; Chris-'' ^^^ ^^' ^™^^-« P-^^- « 

tians 19 Keeps them, under constant super- 

This Is Mass Starvation. H. D. Bollinger 20 vision OS reserves for years there- 

Itiformation and Inspiration 21 after. The power to take a boy 

Visual Education Offers These Films ..21 , t-t -i t-ii.- ^ 

Shoe-repair Shop Added to Modesto Fa- ^^^"^ ^^« ^""^^ °''^^ S"^^^^* ^^"^ *° 

cilities 21 complete government discipline is 

_, _, . . ,„ , the most serious limitation on free- 

The Church at Work — , , ,..,,, 

„ . n r,, • r> oo dx)m that can be imagined. Many 

Easter Program Plannmg Resources 22 , , ■, ^-0 -j i. 

It Occurs to Me. Raymond R. Peters ... 22 '^^<^ ^a^^ accepted the idea favor 

—^—^—^——^^———^^—^ a similar government-controlled 

2 GOSPEL MESSENGER training for all girls. 

The Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union plans to raise and ex- 
pend $10,000 in an advertising cam- 
paign in religious journals in 1947, 
it was announced by Mrs. D. Leigh 
Colvin, the president. 

A gift of $53,800 was made to 
Agricultural Missions, Inc., by John 
D. Rockefeller, Jr. This organiza- 
tion, which is seeking to raise $250,- 
000, gives special agricultural train- 
ing to missionaries for work in ru- 
ral mission fields. 

India has set up a modernization 
program that will wipe out illiter- 
acy in forty years, declares Wahaj- 
uddin Ahmed, director of the Indian 
Information Service. It is also 
planned to build 400,000 miles of 
roads within fifteen years and to 
double agriculture and industrial 
production at the same time. 

The present standard Norwegian 
translation of the New Testament 
is to be revised, the Norwegian Bi- 
ble Society has announced. The 
new version will seek to clarify 
words and sentence structure and 
will be an answer to the criticism 
that the present Norwegian New 
Testament translation is outdated 
for young readers. 

General Dwight D. Eisenhower 

will receive the Churchmen Award 
for the promotion of goodwill and 
better understanding among all peo- 
ples. Given annually since 1937, the 
award has been won previously by 
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Wendell L. 
Willkie, William Allen White, Ber- 
nard M. Baruch, Henry Wallace and 
Eleanor Roosevelt. 

Rhodes scholarships awards to 
forty-eight outstanding students in 
the United States were announced 
on Dec. 15 by Dr. Frank Aydelotte, 
American secretary for the Rhodes 
trustees. Awarded again after a 
lapse of nine years because of the 
war, these scholarships for two 
years' study at an English universi- 
ty are designed to promote peace, 
enlightenment and human uplift. 

Production under the Church 
Welfare Plan of the Latter Day 
Saints is to be boosted by fifty per 
cent in 1947. Under this plan vari- 
ous commodities are stockpiled in 
order to insure the church member- 
ship with food, clothing and other 
essentials in case of a depression or 
emergency. A coal mine, canning 
factories, farms and other produc- 
tion units are worked by church 
members without remuneration. 


Makers of Ihe Messenger 

ALREADY the presses are 
printing the first papers 
in Volume 96 of the Gos- 
pel Messenger. Thus another 
year in church publishing is well 
under way. It will not be many 
years until we can celebrate the 
centennial of the revival of print- 
ing in the Church of the Breth- 

It was in April 1851 that Eld- 
er Henry Kurtz first mailed out 
about 300 copies of his little Gos- 
pel Visitor. This preacher-edi- 
tor then lived on a farm near 
Poland, Ohio. The paper he 
printed was set up and struck off 
in a tiny shop in the loft of a 

Our church has come a long 
way since Henry Kurtz was so 
sure that the Brethren needed a 
church paper. It has come so 
far that Brethren folk may well 
pause and see from whence they 
came. We are not suggesting a 
return to the things which can- 
not be restored, but history does 
give perspective and understand- 
ing. With a centennial approach- 
ing we may well stop to remi- 
nisce, perhaps also to prepare for 
the more imminent golden an- 
niversary which comes this 
year. At the recent board meet- 
ings a bit of thought was given 
to these matters. Why not try 
for 50,000 Messenger subscribers 
in 1947, the fiftieth anniversary 
of our publishing interests be- 
coming church owned? Also, let 
us plan for the centennial of the 
revival of printing in the Church 
of the Brethren due in 1951. 

It is intriguing to think how 
worthy things come to pass. Con- 
sider the privately owned print- 
ing business that began in the 
loft of a springhouse, but that 
today fills a four-story publish- 
ing plant and is owned by us all! 
Or think how the little monthly 
Gospel Visitor has expanded to 
become a weekly church paper, 
Sunday-school papers, age-group 
quarterlies, pamphlets, books 
and even other types of litera- 
ture! The story of this material 
growth is most easily read in 
the lives of eager personalities. 
It is the story of men who have 
dreamed and worked more for 
the church than for themselves. 
In the case of the Messenger it is 
impossible even to list all who 
have been makers of the church 

Of course, the story begins 
with Henry Kurtz. For twenty 
years he worked at starting a 
church paper. When he finally 
succeeded it was with small en- 
couragement from the group he 
hoped to serve. His hopes were 
finally realized in 1851, and after 
he had reached his prime. You 
can read his story in a little book 
called Meet Henry Kurtz. 

The second man who must be 
listed among the makers of the 
Messenger is Elder James Quin- 
ter. He was a teacher, preacher, 
editor and Christian gentleman 
if there ever was one. For a 
generation his name was a 
household word throughout the 
brotherhood. In his death in 
1888 at the Annual Meeting of 
that year he was mourned by a 

church as a father is missed by 
his children. It was during 
Quinter's long editorship that 
several consolidations took place 
and the Gospel Messenger much 
as we know it came into being. 

From here on the plot thickens 
until it is hard to do justice to 
all who have had important parts 
as makers of the Messenger. For 
example, these four contempo- 
raries: D. L. Miller the business- 
man, educator, traveler, preach- 
er and churchman who gave our 
people a world outlook and his 
share of the printing plant; Jo- 
seph Amick, the business asso- 
ciate of Miller, whose wise hand- 
ling of such matters contributed 
much to the success of the print- 
ing venture; J. H. Moore, able 
editor and leader through a crit- 
ical period; H. B. Brumbaugh, 
who, with his brother J. B., was 
active in publishing for many 
years and was a long-time con- 
tributor to the Messenger. 

In 1915 Edward Frantz became 
editor of our church paper. From 
distinguished work in the college 
educational field he turned to 
editorial responsibility and for 
twenty-seven years served in 
that capacity. It was during his 
term that the Missionary Vis- 
itor was merged with the Mes- 
senger, the club subscription 
plan started and the various em- 
phases in church work given 
more special recognition in the 
church paper. The present edi- 
tors are endeavoring to build on 
these foundations. 

JANUARY 4, 1947 3 

From small beginnings in the 
hopes of one man and his print- 
shop in a springhouse loft has 
come a great heritage in church 
printing. Through the work of 
those who have followed Henry 
Kurtz his monthly Gospel Vis- 
itor has become a weekly with 
a brotherhood circulation ap- 
proaching 50,000. Meanwhile 
other lines of church literature 
have developed. The church- 
own e d Brethren Publishing 
House prints and distributes a 
full line of Sunday-school peri- 
odicals, books, pamphlets and 
other materials. In the same 
building with the publishing in- 
terests of the church are the of- 
fices of the General Boards. All 
these are now being merged to 
form one General Brotherhood 
Board, surely a good omen for 
the future of printing in our 
church and the balanced prog- 
ress of our brotherhood inter- 
ests. H. A. B. 


AND whatever you ask in 
prayer, you will receive if 
you have • faith (Matt. 
21:22, Revised Stand. Version). 

There is only one qualification 
placed upon this limitless prom- 
ise. "Whatever," it says, "... if 
you have faith.". 

Below are some of the things 
we can ask for in faith; these 
should be granted to us in 1947. 

A deeper personal understand- 
ing of Jesus Christ. 

An increasing ability to have 
expressed in our own lives both 
the beauty and the effectiveness 
we see in Christ's life. 

The sense of a growing broth- 
erhood feeling within our own 
hearts for all of God's creation 

A sense of sustaining oneness 
with God which, beginning now, 
shall last eternally. 

The faith that these things 
growing in us shall grow also in 
all men until his kingdom comes. 

D. w. B. 


My Daughter Went to a Race Riot 

A race riot is probably not the best place in the world for a high 
school senior to spend her evenings. But our daughter attended one 
recently in Chicago. 

For the first time in her life she became a part of a mob. A mob 
is a crowd of people which has sacrificed reason to prejudice, which 
has displaced the normal thought processes with unreasoning emo- 
tionalism and which might at any moment turn upon some of its own 
members and destroy them. For some time this high school girl 
watched people of her own color slough off a score of centuries' 
worth of civilization as if it had been a veneer brushed on lightly 
the evening before and had not yet had quite enough time to harden. 
She came away somewhat shaken even though she had not wit- 
nessed the full depth to which the members of a crowd can drag 
each other when prejudice and hatred take over. 

It all came about in this manner. High school and college youth 
from half a dozen central states sent representatives to Chicago to 
a United Christian Youth Movement meeting which was being held 
interracially. They all met on a basis of equality despite differences 
of color and ethnic background and soon forgot their differences 
insofar as Chicago would allow them to do so. They visited the 
slums of Chicago, the "Black Belt," "Hobohemia," Hull House and 
some enterprising housing and rehabilitation projects. In addition, 
they called upon various Chicago leaders who operated in the fields 
of labor and race. 

While they were waiting in the office of Dr. Homer Jack, director 
of the Chicago Council Against Racial and Religious Discrimination, 
he came hurrying in from the airport homes housing project where 
veterans were moving into the 186 homes which had just been com- 
pleted for them. Among these who were moving in were two Negro 
veterans with their families. 

This northern community. Dr. Jack told them, had reacted violently 
against the Negroes. Six hundred persons had gathered. Stones 
and bricks flew, people were injured and ambulances shrieked. Dr. 
Jack, a Catholic priest, and a Jewish rabbi had endeavored to bring 
order into the mob but had not succeeded; cars had been overturned, 
tires were being punctured and a general free-for-all race riot was 
in process of formation. 

The interracial students wanted to see this interesting phenomenon 
but those who knew about such things told them that if they went out 
together, certainly the colored students and probably the others as 
well would be lynched on the spot. Consequently, the white students 
went out alone. They saw 350 police try to allow a mob to wear 
itself out with the least amount of harm possible. 

The Negroes? They were spirited away secretly by the police. 
As they slunk away they felt proud and happy, no doubt, that they 
had offered their lives in combat for what was supposed to be the 
continued freedom of these people who now clamored to destroy them! 
- What did my daughter think? She and the other students con- 
cluded that the people of their generation will hove to grow spiritually 
taller than the people of the present generation if the thing we call 
Americanism is not to be destroyed permanently in scenes such as 
the one they witnessed. For every stone tossed and every blow struck 
landed squarely upon the forehead of freedom. They have faith 
that their generation can grow taller. 

So do 1. God help Christian youth to grow quickly. D.W.B. 

Our Christian Obligation Is Not Ended 

As John the Baptist called the people of his day to repentance so the 
church of today miLst call people to repentance and prayer. 

DeWitt L. MiUer 

Pastor at McPherson, Kansas 

Religious News Service 


The following is a condensation oi Bro. Miller's devotional medita- 
tions for the brethren at the Wenatchee Conference last spring. We 
think they are pointedly appropriate at the beginning of this new year. 

URING the past year the 
Brethren have expressed 
their unity and brother- 
hood by opening their hearts and 
hands before the specter of hu- 
man need. We have sent more 
missionaries and service work- 
ers into the field than for many 
years and have backed a world- 
wide program with a million 
and a half dollars. We have con- 
fronted the world with a signifi- 
cant testimony of our faith and 
our way of life. For all of this 
we can be profoundly thankful. 

But we dare not stop with 
that. For it is only the war 
against flesh and blood that has 
ended. Our war against princi- 
palities, powers, world rulers of 
darkness and spiritual hosts of 
wickednesss has just begun. 
The will for peace has not yet 
triumphed over the will for 
power. Our gift of nearly a mil- 
lion dollars for relief is quite 
insignificant when three hundred 
million people are condemned to 
death by starvation, three hun- 
dred million more are experi- 
encing slow death on a diet far 
below the so-called starvation 
diet of our C.O.'s at the Univer- 
sity of Minnesota, and two hun- 
dred million more are below the 
food requirement for normal, 
healthy living. In all, there are 

JANUARY 4, 1947 5 

eight hundred million people for 
whom we have a moral respon- 
sibility so long as we have a 
crust to share. Our sacrifice is 
nowhere near commensurate 
with such need. In the face of 
this need our nation, which 
should be rising to a position of 
moral and spiritual leadership, 
is torn by class strife, domestic 
unrest, racial discrimination and 
hatred, disintegration of home 
and family life; an increase of 
drunkenness and a lowering of 
moral standards. Moreover, we 
are responsible along with oth- 
ers for our nation, which, like a 
cocky, merciless bully, when it 
had its enemies on their knees 
released a weapon which now 
threatens the life and safety of 
the whole civilized world. 

Brethren, in an hour when the 
lives of eight hundred million 
people hang in the balance, 
when the peace, prosperity and 
happiness of all the world are at 
stake, when the eternal salva- 
tion of men and nations is being 
brought into question while ev- 
ery tick of the clock brings us 
closer to the zero hour in human 
destiny, we are called to be 
prophets, saints, Christian 
statesmen, God's ambassadors. 
Christian witnesses. 

There are those who think our 
work is useless. They are very 
conscious of the strength and 
might of wickedness. They see 
little or no evidence of the 
church's power for good either 
in the councils of the nations or 
in the communities where they 
live. As we enjoy security, 
■peace and pleasant fellowship, 
their hearts are filled with fear, 
doubt, cynicism and despair. 
They would say that the joy we 
feel in Christian association, the 
security and peace we experi- 
ence in fellowship, the aspira- 
tions and hopes we have are all 
a part of a fool's paradise, that 
we are shutting our eyes to the 
brutal realities of life. They 
would admit that what we have 


done and plan to do as a church 
is a noble gesture, but that it 
is not enough. and that it is too 
late. I find these influences are 
having their effect upon the 
thinking of some of the Breth- 

Of course, we must be realis- 
tic enough to appreciate that we 
are opposed on the spiritual 
battle fronts of the world by a 
formidable array of the hosts of 
wickedness. We need a renewed 
vision of what God wants done 
in his world and a renewed faith 
that the resources of God are 
sufficient for the task. We need 
to see Christ as the hope of the 
world. If that vision, that faith, 
that assurance do not undergird, 
overshadow and infuse all we do 
our labor will be in vain. 

Some time ago I acquired a 
pamphlet written by a large 
group of Christian thinkers and 
in it I noted these words: "We 
would begin with an act of con- 
trition. . . . The policy of ob- 
literation bombing as actually 
practiced in World War II, cul- 
minating in the use of atomic 
bombs against Japan, is not de- 
fensible on Christian principles." 
Yet our supposedly Christian 
nation practiced obliteration 
bombing on a scale not practiced 

by any other nation and our na- 
tion was the only one that used 
the atomic bomb. We as indi- 
viduals and as a church are a 
part of our nation. We all share 
in the guilt resulting from the 
slaughter of innocent lives and 
the irreplaceable destruction of 
property. We need to realize 
that the family of God is so inter- 
related that when one suffers all 
must suffer. When one sins all 
share in the guilt and shame. 

Furthermore, as followers of 
Jesus, as members of the church, 
we were supposed to go into all 
the world and make disciples of 
all nations and teach them to ob- 
serve everything he commanded. 
No, the job was not too big; we 
were not big enough in Chris- 
tian stature. We were not de- 
voted, sacrificial and unselfish 
enough. We did not exert the 
kind of winning influence upon 
those about us which would have 
made God-fearing and God-lov- 
ing people. And so our failure 
has contributed its share to the 
hunger, the destruction, the 
moral depravity ai^d the lack of 
abundant life for all in our 

Now, Brethren, it is repent or 
perish. We need to pray with 
the psalmist: "Have mercy upon. 

Mission to Europe 

5INCE October 30 M. R. Zigler has been in Europe reviewing our pres- 
ent relief work there and working on plans for the future. His 
task is not an easy one. The amount of red tape which must be 
cut, especially in countries occupied by the military, before relief can 
be sent in is almost unbelievable. Bro. Zigler is attempting to find out 
where our help is needed most and is then trying to secure ways by 
which we can work in those places. 

Thus far his labors have taken him to Germany, Austria, Italy and 
Belgium. In Germany he spent a great deal of time making a survey 
with Dr. Eldon Burke. In Austria he and Ralph Smeltzer studied pos- 
sibilities for Brethren projects. In Italy Bro. Zigler visited with our 
eleven workers, and on December 16 he was to engage in a meeting with 
all Brethren service workers in Europe at Brussels, Belgium. 

Thus an attempt is being made to look ahead to what the Church of 
the Brethren can do to m,eet needs so great that they can hardly be 
measured. UNRRA and other government agencies are ceasing the aid 
they were giving. If suffering is to be relieved it will have to be re- 
lieved by voluntary agencies such as the Church of the Brethren. As 
more reports are received from Brother Zigler they will be shared with 
the readers of the Gospel Messenger. 

me, O God, according to thy lov- 
ingkindness: according unto the 
multitude of thy tender mercies 
blot out my transgressions. 
Wash me thoroughly from mine 
iniquity, and cleanse me from 
my sin. . . . Purge me with hys- 
sop, and I shall be clean; wash 
me, and I shall be whiter than 
snow. . . . Create in me a clean 
heart, O God; and renew a right 
spirit within me." For it is still 
true that God says to his people: 
"If my people, which are called 
by my name, shall humble them- 
selves, and pray, and seek my 
face, and turn from their wicked 
ways; then will I hear from 
heaven, and will forgive their 
sin, and heal their land." 

The final victory and the end 
of all things is in God's hand. 
That assurance and that faith 
must be ours. It must never 
grow dim. It is not ours to ques- 
tion and speculate about. Rath- 
er we must get on with our 
witnessing — the task of making 
disciples of all nations and teach- 
ing them to observe all the 
things Jesus taught and com- 
manded. But the strength for 
this task, where shall we find it? 
Has not Jesus promised suffi- 
•cient power? Did he not say the 
Holy Spirit would come upon 
those who were his followers? 
Did he not say the Father would 
give the Holy Spirit to those who 
asked it? Christ has promised 
that the gates of hell will never 
prevail against his church. We 
have the promise that his grace 
is sufficient for our tasks. My 
Brethren, if we will open our 
lives to the power of God's Spirit, 
if we will carry out the orders he 
has given for all who would fol- 
low him, if we will quit worrying 
about results or what others 
think, or how it looks to the rest 
of the world, we can be confi- 
dent that our efforts will be 
crowned with success. Whether 
we live to see the victory is not 
important, for it will come, and 
when it does, we will share in 
it and our efforts will count in 
the final reckoning. 

This is the church built by people who said they couldn't "aUord church" 

9n 'lUem ^Ua^ <MiUi'' 

John W. Flucke 

Pictures courtesy of the Evangelical Messenger 

Southern mountain projects in applied Christianity are 
reaching hitherto undeveloped human resources and reveal- 
ing that the spirit of Christ can transform whole communi- 
ties as well as individual lives. 

WHAT'S happening these 
days in the South? Yes, 
here and there the Ku 
Klux Klan is riding again. "The 
Man" Bilbo, who has just been 
renominated for the United 
States Senate, admits he is a 
member. Numerous organiza- 
tions have vowed to uphold 
"white supremacy" in Georgia. 
In Columbia, Tennessee, Feder- 
al agents have not been too suc- 
cessful in their efforts to appre- 
hend the individuals responsible 
for that city's recent race riot. 
Somewhere recently a thousand 
people attended a mass gather- 

ing sponsored by the devotees 
of some strange religious cult 
whose piety finds expression 
chiefly in the handling of poi- 
sonous snakes. 

These are discouraging hap- 
penings to be sure, but they do 
not tell us the whole story of 
what is going on south of Mason 
and Dixon's line. As a matter 
of fact in innumerable places the 
leaven of the Christian gospel is 
quietly but surely exerting its 
transforming power. One finds 
it working in colleges, in folk 

JANUARY 4. 1947 7 

schools, in little rural churches 
and community centers. This 
is nowhere more true than in 
that section of the great South- 
land generally known as the 
Southern mountains, more ac- 
curately described perhaps as 
the southern Appalachian area, 
or the Cumberland and Great 
Smoky Mountains section of 
Kentucky, Tennessee and North 

Berea College, at Berea, Ken- 
tucky, between the bluegrass 
country and the Cumberland 
Mountains, is one of the institu- 
tions which quietly through the 
years exerts a leavening influ- 

ty men and women. The aver- 
age educational level of its adult 
students is about the eighth or 
ninth grade. 

Each year Marie Marvel of the 
Conference of Southern Moun- 
tain Workers conducts biweekly 
folk-game festivals for Opportu- 
nity School. As a result of such 
activities shyness often gives 
way to considerable poise and 
self-confidence. One extremely 
shy young man from the deep 
South wrote back: "My sister 
says that Opportunity School 
has even taken the bashfulness 
off my face." 

At Big Lick, Tennessee, in 

<y Sinff SSehinel the J^lougk 

ence. This nondenominational 
college is dedicated to the pro- 
motion of the spiritual and ma- 
terial welfare of the people of 
the Southern mountains. Its 
carefully-planned student-labor 
program makes possible low- 
cost education for promising 
young people of the area. Fire- 
side industries — weaving, wood- 
carving, pottery, and a first-class 
hotel known as Boone Tavern, 
provide excellent opportunities 
for the student work program. 
A unique adaptation of the 
Danish folk schools, from which 
it took its inspiration, is the Op- 
portunity School held at Berea 
College for three weeks each 
January. The average attend- 
ance is from twenty-five to for- 



1934, farm folks, seemingly good 
people, were telling their new 
preacher, Eugene Smathers, 
"You know, to tell you the truth, 
we can't really afford church." 
Smathers investigated and found 
out that fifty families in the Big 
Lick community had an average 
cash income of only $50 a year. 
Smathers organized study clubs 
in the homes. Result: The men 
began to feel that they could do 
something about their economic 
conditions; they learned to mix 
and use fertilizers; they formed 
a co-operative association. As 
reported in the Progressive 
Farmer, someone said to Mr. 
Smathers one day, "You all 
know a lot of things that we 
don't know. And we know some 
things that you don't know. It's 
the mixin' that learns us both." 

That mixin' has been going on 
at Big Lick for fourteen years. 

With funds made available 
through a generous gift to the 
Board of National Missions of 
the Presbyterian Church, U.S.A., 
the pastor and three lay mem- 
bers, acting as trustees, pur- 
chased a large tract of land. 
Since 1940, twenty-two young 
couples have been helped to ac- 
quire homesteads of their own. 
Eleven have already paid for 
their farms in full. Eleven oth- 
ers are paying interest at three 
per cent and making small an- 
nual payments. 

Some there were in the early 
days who raised serious ques- 
tions about the church "going 
into the real-estate business." 
The pastor pointed out that he 
was interested in economic sta- 
bility for the community in or- 
der that the community might 
be better able to support its 
church and its social agencies. 
In the last analysis he was in- 
terested in a more abundant life 
for men and women and young 

The visitor to Big Lick today 
will see by the side of the im- 
proved highway, which not 
many years ago was only a dirt 
road, a beautiful Gothic-type 
parish church built and paid for 
by the people themselves. Ad- 
joining the sanctuary is a large 
parish hall for social and recre- 
ational activities. There are a 
community kitchen and a li- 
brary, and, not far away, a health 
center which last summer served 
as a base of operations for an 
interracial work camp spon- 
sored by the Fellowship of 
Southern Churchmen. Utilizing 
raw materials from the 100-acre 
church forest. Pastor Smathers 
plans to set up this winter, with 
the help of the State Conserva- 
tion Commission, a craft pro- 
gram designed to improve fur- 
ther the standard of living by 
helping people to make needed 
equipment for their own homes. 
It would be idle to suppose that 
everyone in the Big Lick com- 


munity now goes to church. 
That the church is on a firmer 
footing in that community than 
ever before is apparent. 

Forestry is made the means to 
a larger life for mountain peo- 
ple in the Alpine Larger Parish 
near Alpine, Tennessee. The 
guiding spirit in the situation is 
Rev. Bernard Taylor. The capa- 
ble young forester is Edwin J. 
Carothers. Both these men be- 
lieve that conservation of God- 
given natural resources is a pri- 
mary responsibility of Christian 
stewardship. Having come to 

k realize that his community was 
poorly adapted to agriculture 
and having learned that tax- 
able wealth in Overton Coimty 
had dropped 25 per cent in fif- 
teen years, "Bernie" Taylor a 
t- few years ago got a well-to-do 
friend of the Cumberland Moun- 
tains region interested in the 
purchase of 1,200 acres of forest 
land. This tract has been en- 
larged by subsequent purchases 
to approximately 1,900 acres. 

A co-operative has been or- 
ganized consisting of eight men, 

some of whom live in the forest 
and all of whom now find full- 
time employment with the proj- 
ect. These men, with some out- 
side assistance, look after the 
forest and operate a sawmill, 
paying stumpage fees to the mis- 
sion for the trees harvested. 
Wood is sold for pulp wood, fur- 
niture veneer, handles, and as 
building lumber. Approximate- 
ly seventy persons in the Alpine 
Larger Parish are supported 
chiefly through income from the 
forest. It is hoped that eventu- 
ally a plan may be worked out 
whereby the people who work 
in the forest may become its 
owners. The church is helping 
its people to help themselves. 
Forestry at Alpine is more than 
a means of making a living; un- 
der Christian • guidance it be- 
comes a way of life. 

The John C. Campbell Folk 
School situated at Brasstown, a 
small rural community in Cher- 
okee County in the extreme 
southwestern corner of North 
Carolina, is modestly described 
by Mrs. Campbell, its director. 

Marianna Stinnette of Denver, Colorado, and Harry Miller Gardner of Bridgewater, 
Virginia, were the two members oi the Church oi the Brethren to win iour-year college 
scholarships as a result oi having written winning essays in the second annual Parshad 
scholarship contest held by the International Council oi Education. The general essay 
topic ior the contest was The Meaning oi the Christian Fcdih in My Community. The 
contestants came irom iorty-one states and represented thirteen denominations. Miss 
Stinnette won ior the Rocky Mountain Region and Mr. Gardner ior the Southern. Other 
Brethren winners were Ralph Dickson Yaney oi Oak Park, Illinois, and Vivian lune 
Lowell oi Omaha, Nebraska. They won scholarships to the United Christian Youth 
Movement regional conierence to be held next summer. The essays oi the young people 
<&• excellent. They appeared in Our Young People ior December 7. 

as "a venture in rural adult edu- 
cation which has as its main ob- 
jective the enrichment of coun- 
try life on the basis of the best 
that modern thought has to of- 
fer." Mrs. Campbell and her as- 
sociates seek to build a philos- 
ophy of country life which will 
cause the small farmer to "sing 
behind the plough." 

John C. Campbell, experienced 
educator and director of the 
Southern Highland Division of 
the Russell Sage Foundation, had 
given a lifetime of study to the 
Southern Mountains. As a re- 
sult the John C. Campbell Folk 
School was first organized in 
1925. It is a school "without re- 
quirements, examinations o r 
credits" open to men and wom- 
en over eighteen years of age 
who have a serious desire to 
learn. History, geography and 
literature are taught by the dis- 
cussion method and related to 
life as much as possible. Home 
economics, agriculture, and for- 
estry; woodworking, weaving 
and carving; gymnastics, folk 
games and folk singing are 
taught in the doing. In the 
course of two decades the Folk 
School has had a transforming 
effect upon the community in 
which it is located. One-time 
whittlers outside the country 
store now do wood carving at 
home. The hills around Brass- 
town, once barren, are now 
green with winter cover crops 
or summer corn. Brasstown 
farmers are singing behind the 

Another folk school, different 
but equally interesting, is the 
Highlander Folk School at Mont- 
eagle, Tennessee. Founded in 
1932 on a forty-acre mountain 
farm, Highlander has carried on 
a consistent training program 
for leaders that has tangibly ex- 
tended economic and political 
democracy in the South. Spe- 
cial attention has been given to 
educating them in the labor 
union movement. Every effort 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


is made to bring about a better 
understanding between organ- 
ized labor and the church. The 
director of Highlander Folk 
School is Myles Horton. For the 
past year Mr. Horton has been 
state organization director for 
the Tennessee committee of the 
National Farmers Union. Two 
other members of the Highland- 
er staff have been doing work 
with farm groups also. 

Although Highlander is not of- 
ficially sponsored by any de- 
nomination, such outstanding re- 
ligious leaders as Alva Taylor, 
Sherwood fiddy and Reinhold 
Niebuhr have publicized the 
school and have urged individu- 
als to give it financial support. 
No less an educator than John 
Dewey calls Highlander "one of 
the most important social edu- 
cation projects in America." 

And what shall I more say? 
Space permitting, one might tell 
of Pittman Center and Fiske 
University and the American 
Missionary Association and the 
Pine Mountain Settlement 
School and Quaker work camps 
and Annville Institute and a host 
of other agencies throughout the 
hill country dedicated to the pro- 
motion of vital religion and gen- 
uine democracy. The leaven of 
the gospel works slowly — too 
slowly, sometimes, for our im- 
patience. But it is good to know 
that it is working. 

Used by permission of The Evangelical 

Ruth B. Stcrtler 

Somerset, Pennsylvania 

Once I met the Master 
Along a lonely way; 
No other one walked with me, 
My soul bent with dismay. 
But he, in voice most tender, 
Spoke words of hope and cheer; 
His smile was lit with gladness 
That vanquished every fear. 
Now since I've met the Master 
And walked with him awhile, 
No more I'll go without him, 
He lightens every mile. 

/. W. Moo maw says: 

if the fellowship of families 
to be lost and if the 
influence . . . 



MUTUAL AID has long 
been a familiar term in 
the church. It has var- 
ious meanings. To some it is a 
form of insurance whereby 
members share their losses. To 
others it means an agency for 
the lending of money to those in 
need. But to many it suggests a 
life of mutual concern, men liv- 
ing in a spirit of helpfulness to 
each other. The late Dr. Holt 
spoke often of responsible Chris- 
tian living. He was thinking of 
mutual aid. 

So we regard mutual aid not 
so much as an organization 
as a way of living among those 
who find abundant life in fellow- 
ship with each other and with 
Christ. These are people of deep 
concern, living and sharing with 
others, regardless of race, faith 
or creed. Mutual aid is an out- 
reach of the soul expressed in 
various ways. "Bear ye one an- 
other's burdens and so fulfill the 
law of Christ," said Paul. "Look 
every man not to his own things 
— ^but to the things of others." 
Again he says, "Each shall bear 
his own burdens." No one shall 
live from the labor of others 
without striving to help himself. 
Mutual aid means both to give 
and to receive. 

Mutual aid is a Christian an- 
swer to secularism. Emerson 
once wrote, "Things are in the 
saddle and ride men." Our sen- 
sate culture has been slowly 
burning itself out. Agriculture, 
once a way of life, is becoming 
secularized. The soil was cre- 
ated by God as a home for the 
family. In a sense, no man can 
own land. Yet some hold vast 

tracts while others move from 
place to place without even 
space for a home. The early 
20's and 30's showed up weak 
spots in our economic life as 
many were evicted from their 
homes and thousands of farm 
families lost their hard-won 
land. During those years men 
overwhelmed by a sense of be- 
trayal despaired of finding a 
place where life is bound by the 
rules of mutual concern. 

Recently there has been a shift 
toward large economic pressure 
groups with more and more gov- 
ernment control in the place of 
mutual personal concern. Fred- 
erick Hayek in his book. Road 
to Serfdom, sees us leaving be- 
hind wholesome forms of life 
and moving toward new tj^es of 
serfdom and statism. If we 
would hold many of life's en- 
during values there must be a 
recrudescence of responsible 
Christian living, where men live 
together as neighbors in the 
common family of God. 

The Church of the Brethren is 
a church of commimity ties, a 
fellowship of families. Remove 
these ties and the church suffers.. 
But not all is well, especially in 
the rural church today. Be- 
tween the years 1921 and 1943^ 
one out of three of our rural 
churches either declined in 
membership or remained sta- 
tionary. Study shows that dur- 
ing these years our membership- 
withdrew from the countryside 
about two times as rapidly as- 
did our population as a whole. 

The wider practice of mutual 
aid must become the pattern for 
improved relationships both. 

iUould UelfL eacU otUen. 

common to Brethren is not 
rural church is to regain its 

within and without the church. 
Our generation needs that. All 
too common is the case of a lay- 
man prominent in his denomina- 
tion who recently acquired 2,800 
acres of land. Nearly twenty 
families were removed in order 
to develop his "gentleman's es- 
tate." He violated no civil laws 
and his denomination advanced 
him to a position of responsibil- 
ity. Yet by the test of Christian 
living a shadow of moral medi- 
ocrity hangs over his deeds. Dr. 
Glenn Frank once spoke of the 
"good wrong man." 

May we suggest several chan- 
nels through which the spirit of 
mutual aid may find expression? 

1. Adequate financial and ma- 
terial aid should be given to both 
members and nonmembers in 
times of distress. A thorough job 
of rehabilitation should be done 
rather than dole out charity. It is 
well that we send relief abroad. 
But the call of distant projects 
must not blind us to equally ur- 
gent needs near at hand. One 
congregation has recently made 
an enviable record for giving 
abroad. Yet, in the same con- 
gregation the pastor is in finan- 
cial distress, unable to provide 
for the essential needs of his 
family. A widow with small 
children lost her home for causes 
which several of the stronger 
members could have removed. 
Every congregation should be 
prepared to meet its obligations 
to the people in the community 
it serves. 

2. We should strive to make 
land and home ownership more 
available to those who are qual- 
ified to assume this responsibil- 

ity. A certain amount of farm 
tenancy is good but our young 
people have a strong tradition 
of home ownership behind them. 
The church begins to decline 
when land and home ownership 
is too remote. If we want strong 
communities we must develop 
more adequate methods for fi- 
nancing the transfer of land 
from one generation to the next. 

3. We are also concerned with 
the establishment of families in 
the church community, for the 
church is thinly scattered across 
the United States. It is impor- 
tant that, as far as possible, fam- 
ilies who move be settled within 
the fellowship of the church. A 
committee in the local church 
can accomplish much in helping 
to locate suitable homes or em- 
ployment for families who move. 
A number of congregations now 
have committees assigned to 
this task. 

4. Mutual aid also means that 
we develop a sense of Christian 
vocation. The church has done 
well to call ministers and to send 
doctors, teachers and others to 
mission fields and we should do 
more. They have gone there 

where the minister, the doctor, 
the teacher and others have 
worked together in the building 
of some great Christian com- 

Our colleges do well in the 
training of young men and wom- 
en. Could not more be done 
toward the placing of young 
people thus trained where they 
can use their training, and at 
the same time have a share in 
the building of a strong chiirch 
in some area of need? To what 
greater task could young people 
be called in a time like this? 

5. Mutual aid to many means 
the lending of money on helpful 
terms. Where sound counsel is 
available much can be accom- 
plished in this way. Funds may 
be provided in time of emergen- 
cy, for college expenses or for 
starting some worthy enterprise. 
The question arises as to wheth- 
er such funds can best be pro- 
vided locally or through a cen- 
tral agency of the church. While 
much might be said on both 
sides, experience has shown that 
the local community is usually 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


in a better position to accomplish 
this. If funds from a central 
board or agency are to be used 
they should as a rule be admin- 
istered through a responsible 
group or committee in the com- 

For mutual aid to function ef- 
fectively there should be a small 
committee of tactful and respon- 
sible people in each locality. A 
number of our congregations 
now ^ave such people at work. 
It is hoped that others may see 
their way clear to begin. The 
flush of war-born prosperity 
should not prevent us from brac- 
ing ourselves to meet lurgent 
needs which might be nearer 
than we think. Two of our re- 
gions are studying this entire 
problem with care. At least 
three church districts also are 
at work. 

Mutual aid is not a thing that 
can be organized into existence. 
It can come only through carer 
ful Christian statesmanship at 
the community level and through 
a commitment to a life of mutual 
concern constrained by a love 
for Christ .and his ever expand- 
ing kingdom. 

Do We Mean Business 
About Peacetime Con- 

Edson Sower 

Ashland, Ohio 

The Church of the Brethren has 
not been hesitant about speaking its 
opposition to peacetime military 
conscription. The following are 
quotes from sentences made by 
leaders in the church: 

"I oppose the passage of peace- 
time military conscription because 
it will mean that our country has 
taken up the sword as a permanent 
way of life." 

"I am opposed to peacetime uni- 
versal military training because it is 
contrary to the Christian ideal of 
life and leads toward war through 
encouraging fear of an enemy." 

"Universal military conscription 
in peacetime presupposes that our 
neighbor nations are not trust- 
worthy. The time has come in the 



development of Christianity and the 
history of the world when the 
church of Jesus Christ must give 
its life and resources to the making 
and keeping of peace," . 

"Conscription is a dangerous form 
of tyranny and if practiced in Amer- 
ica as it has been practiced in Eu- 
rope, I believe it will produce the 
same results. It will make the state 
superior to the individual and 
further endanger peace for America 
and the world." 

"I am opposed to conscription be- 
cause it will militarize the youth of 
our nation and thus change the char- 
acter of American life; because it is 
a preparation for war and war is 
sin; because it will establish here 
what this nation has been fighting 
against; because it will give the 
state supremacy over individual 

"Peacetime military conscription 
will threaten our liberty." 

"Preparing men to kill breeds dis- 
trust among all potential victims of 
the killers. Moreover, training to 
kill poisons the mind and soul of 
the conscripted — producing fatalists, 
automatons and a nation of slaves." 
"I believe that universal peace- 
time conscription in America would 
say clearly to the nations of the 
world that America too has lost 
faith in democracy and in the exer- 
cise of free conscience. One way to 
encourage future wars is to train 
our young men to kill. We must 

"Our church forefathers left Ger- 
many partially because they did not 
wish to be conscripted into the Prus- 
sian army. More than that, they did 
not wish to live in a country where 
their religion would be dominated 
by the state." 

No further reasons need to be giv- 
en. But speaking is rosy; it will 
take more than mere words to pre- 
vent peacetime conscription from 
becoming the law of the land. El- 
ton Trueblood in his book, Founda- 
tions for Reconstruction, says, 
"There are millions who claim ad- 
herence to faith in the living God, 
but who would be ashamed to get 
excited about it; that would be bad 
form. The faith is harmed far more 
by such timid upholders than it is 
by open and violent enemies. The 
worst blasphemy is not profanity, 
but lip service." 

Brethren — we should do more 
than give lip service in our fight 
against conscription. Now is the 
time to register our opposition with 
action. The tenth day of January 
has been designated as the date for 
united action against this enemy of 

a free society and a peaceful world. 
All who wish to participate in this 
program of action should send their 
draft credentials, accompanied by a 
letter of explanation to the Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

We understand fully that this is 
serious. Likewise was the Master 
serious when he said, "No man can 
serve two masters"; or when he said, 
"He that putteth his hand to the 
plow and looketh back is not worthy 
of the kingdom." The chiurch has 
put her hand to the plow in her op- 
position to conscription. Is she going 
to grow fearful and look back? Is 
she going to be worthy of the king- 
dom of heaven? 


R. E. Mohler 

McPherson, Kansas 

Last summer I took time out to 
visit the California seashore. Thou- 
sands of people flocked to the beach. 
In order to get my car parked at an 
advantageous spot facing the beach, 
I came early. As I sit in my car, oc- 
casionally looking up from my type- 
writer, the sight that interests me 
most is a beachcomber, combing the 
sands, looking for coins or other val- 
uables that were lost by ardent sun 
bathers yesterday. 

Just now I saw a beachcomber 
pick up a nickel. I had been watch- 
ing him for quite a while. He is an 
interesting man; his face is rather 
sad and his clothes are old. He does 
not look well or strong. I will not be 
able to forget him for a long time. 
I hope that his wife and children 
have a home that they can call their 
own, that they have plenty of good 
wholesome food, and that his chil- 
dren have clothes that they are not 
ashamed to wear when they go to 
school. My father was a beach- 
comber after a fashion, and for the 
first fifteen years of my life I was 
ashamed of my clothes. We did not 
have a home of our own. I guess 
the early experiences of my life are 
what make me especially conscious 
of people like the man that I have 
just been watching. 

I am not veiy happy with an eco- 
nomic order that makes beach- 
combers out of men in a world of 
abundance. Some day, I expect, 
there will be a world where there 
are no beachcombers. But I am of 
the opinion that until that day ar- 
rives the best I can do is to get busy 
and do what I can to remove the 
sting that is in the hearts of fa- 
thers, and in the hearts of little boys 
whose fathers are combers of the 
beach, the men who pick up crumbs. 

Jto4m (uui ^cufUUf 

STATISTICS compiled for 
1945 reveal the alarming 
fact that there was one di- 
vorce for every three marriages 
contracted that year in the total 
United States. In several states 
the divorce rate was higher than 
the marriage rate. In several 
counties two or three times as 
many people were divorced as 
were married. These figures in- 
dicate a very sharp upturn in 
the divorce rate. Alarming as it 
was before the war, it is now 
almost twice as bad since the 
war is over. 

In the past we have tried to 
save the home by methods which 
were at least partly wrong. We 
have tried to keep couples to- 
gether by applying outside con- 
trols, by preaching against di- 
vorce, by trying to concentrate 
community pressures against 
separation. These things were 
not bad; they still need to be 
done but the saving of the home 
will not be brought about alone 
by external pressure upon it. 
Rather, the home must be saved 
by having the church reach in- 
side it and change the hearts and 
the understanding of the people 
who live there. The concern of 
the church must be more than 
just to keep homes intact; it 
must concern itself with helping 
them to establish themselves on 
a sound, happy, co-operative, 
give-and-take basis. 

Young people who are getting 
married must be taught what 
marriage involves. The possible 
beauties of this relationship need 
to be revealed to them and they 
need to learn how to lay hold of 
these possibilities so that they 
can make of their own marriage 
a holy and beautiful thing. 
Moreover, the exceeding im- 
portance of the home in our to- 
tal social situation needs to be 
laid upon their hearts. They 
need to be made to feel that 
success in marriage is more im- 
portant than success in business 

Can We Save the 


merican Homer 


Desmond W. Bittinger 

or in anything apart from the 
home. The high calling of par- 
enthood needs to take hold of 
them so that they enter into it 
with a feeling of God-given pur- 
pose. The physical responsibil- 
ities and implications of married 
life need to be clarified for 
them. Many couples will need 
specific help and advice at this 

Religion has a great contribu- 
tion to make to the home and a 
great benefit to receive from it. 
Home members need to realize 
that God, who is love, can make 
himself known to them more 

completely in the home relation- 
ship than in any other relation- 
ship. For since it is in the suc- 
cessful home relationship that 
love can reach its highest fulfill- 
ment that is the place where God 
can achieve his most complete 
expression and revelation. 

The Intercouncil Committee 
on Christian Family Life calls 
attention to the observance of 
National Family Week, which is 
held each year and urges the 
churches to concentrate on a fit- 
ting celebration of family week 

JANUARY 4. 1947 


in 1947. As one of the features 
of that week this year a radio 
citation will be awarded to the 
ten best radio programs which 
portray family life. They ask 
the help of Christian readers in 
selecting these ten best pro- 
grams. They invite you to cast 
your vote according to the fol- 
lowing criteria: 

On the basis of the questions listed be- 
low, which three programs do you think 
are the best family programs? (Programs 
should meet at least 7 out of the 10 re- 


1. Is the family true to life? 

2. Is the family democratic — ^recognizing 
the rights of others? 

3. Does the family recognize God in its 
everyday living? 

4. Is there a high moral tone to the pro- 

5. Is the sponsoring commercial in keep- 
ing with the best in family life? 

6. Does the program make you want to 
have a better family life? 

7. Is there a high type of humor? 

8. Does the family show an interest in 
the community, the nation and the 

9. Is the home the center of security and 

10. Does the program portray the family 
as improving? 



(First choice) 

(Second choice) 

Mail to The United Council of Church Women, 156 Fifth Avenue, New York 10, N. Y., 
before March 15, 1947. 

Letter to a New Boby 

Merlin Fronlx fa Italy fa rehabmtortion work learned of the birth of Ws nephew, Gary 
Lynn, to Mr. and Mr«. Raymond Flory. Theroupon ho wrote tU« letter to his new relative. 

Frosinona, Italy 
May 8, 1946 
Dear Gary Lynn: 

First, Gary, I would like to 
send my greetings to you and 
also welcome you into the Frantz 
family. You may find it differ- 
ent from some, but for the most 
part I think that it will be inter- 
esting to you. 

I was glad to hear about your 
arrival even though you were 
already a week old before I 
heard about you. I hope every- 
thing is going along fine with 
you and your brother. 

You know, fellow, you hap- 
pened into this world when it 
is in a mess; it just doesn't seem 
to know what it wants or how 
to get it. You are a lucky lad, 
though, for you were brought 
into a home where there is love 
for you and a place waiting. It 
has been your fortune to come 
into a home which is Christian 
and you can grow under that in- 
fluence. That means a lot in 
these days, Gary. Then, too, you 
won't need to fear that you will 


not have enough milk to drink 
or that your mother will not 
have enough food so that she will 
have strength enough to care for 
you. Nor will your parents have 
to go out and steal food so that 
you may live, nor will you learn 
to steal from others as soon as 
you can run about. You will 
have many things and your old- 
er playmates wiU not have been 
through a war while they were 
growing up and learned to 
do things which before the 
war even theiir parents 
did not believe that they 
would ever be forced to 
do. Also, you will have 
plenty of soap to keep you 
clean. You won't have to 
go barefoot all of the time 
or to wear shoes with 
wooden soles which will 
deform your feet. Yes, 
Gary, you are lucky, but 
as you grow up you will 
realize the responsibility 
which you have toward 
your playmates over here. 
They are going to need 
your help so that they too in 

can live free from all of these 

Gary, I am going to try, along 
with many other people all over 
the world, to help build a world 
in which you won't have to face 
the problem of war. I hope that 
what I can do will help at least 
a little so that you will not need 
to see bombed villages, people 
living in caves, people who are 
hungry, but that you will see 
people who are happy because 
they have what they need to live 
a normal life. You will be 
brought up in a home in which 
you will be taught that what 
man has been doing is wrong 
but there will be some of your 
playmates who do not get this 
training; so you will have to 
help them understand that peo- 
ple must change their ways if 
they want to continue to live. 

I hope that you won't get dis- 
couraged, coming into life faced 
with such a picture. Quite the 
contrary, there is much hope and 
I know that you will enjoy your 
experiences in this world. 

Tell your brother hello for me. 
There is one thing, among oth- 
ers, that I hope you learn from 
him and that is a taste for brown 
ice cream; then when I come to 
see you for the first time and see 
the rest of your family again, 
Lowell, you and I can sit around 
the table and enjoy some of that 

delightful brown ice cream. 
So long, Gary, I am very eager 
to see you and your family 
again. Love, 

Your uncle, 
Merlin Frantz 

". . . They Know Not What 
They Do" 

Maecoma Cheserton-Mcmgle 

TEDDY Matsumoto wanted 
to help his mother plant 
their victory garden. He 
was still very young but she 
allowed him to set out some 
plants on one side. Every morn- 
ing Teddy watered and inspect- 
ed his garden. But one morn- 
ing he dashed back to the house 
in tears. During the night some- 
one had dug up the little plants 
and trampled them. 

"Mommy! Mommy! Why did 
anyone do that!" 

"Probably because we are 
Japanese. And the people of 
America don't like us." 

"I just— hate 'em!" He blurt- 
ed out through his sobs. 

"No, darling," she soothed, 
"we mustn't hate them. They 
just didn't realize what they 
were doing." 

The word of the ruined gar- 
den got around and the neigh- 
bors were very unhappy, for had 
not Teddy's daddy risked his 
life when he opposed the Jap- 
anese military government? 
Was he not, even now, working 
in this country for peace and 
harmony among men? Was not 
Teddy, himself, an American- 
born citizen? They were so up- 
set that that very day they 
shared their own plants and re- 
planted the Matsumoto garden. 

The local newspaper in Larch- 
mont, N. Y., where Teddy lives, 
published an open letter to Ted- 
dy, which ended like this: 

"We are sorry about your 
garden, Teddy, . . . but what 
has happened to you has hap- 
pened down through the gen- 
erations to those who have tried 
to plant love and understanding 
and tolerance in the world. Just 

Monday, January 6 

Jesus at the Marriage Feast. John 

2: 1-12. 

It is delightful to know that Je- 
sus was interested in the simple 
joys of wedding dinners, would per- 
form a miracle to save a friend 
embarrassment when the wine gave 
out, found his authority not in the 
stern dictates of law, but in the 
warm compulsions of friendship and 
shared happiness. Pray that he may 
come to share aU your joys through 
this coming year. 

Tuesday, Januaxy 7 
The Temple Cleansed. John 2: 13- 


Back of the Master was the eter- 
nal authority of righteousness. 
Fraud, graft, hypocrisy could not 
stand the storm of his clean einger 
against evU. He was restoring the 
temple to its proper place as a true 
house of prayer. What would he 
have to drive from your church? 
From the church in your home? 

Wednesday, January 8 
Jesus' Authority Questioned. Matt. 

21: 23-27. 

It is saddening to realize how few 
can really see the authority of sim- 
ple goodness. Jesus' authority was 
that of eternal right, not of some 
ecclesiastical office or government 
order. But his opponents could not 
understand his kind of authority. 
Pray that you may find this divine 
goodness for your life. 

Thursday, January 9 
God's Commissioned Spokesman. 

John 8: 25-30. 

"Who are you?" This question 
Jesus had often to face. Who really 
was he? What claim has he on 
my life today? What right has he 
to suggest what I ought to do with 
my life or my time or my money? 
What place have you given him in 
your own life? Not until he occu- 
pies first place can we become in- 

d Today 

Edward Erusen Zieqler 

tegrated, for he represents God in 
the center of our life. 

Friday, January 10 
Jesus' Great Invitation. Matt. 11: 


Not only for tired old folk, but 
for burdened younger folk and for 
the youth who are looking for a 
place to put their shoulders under 
the world's burdens, is this gra- 
cious call of Christ. We've been 
yoked up with the wrong crowd 
long enough. Let the church now 
be Christ's church, and yoke up 
with him. Pray that our church 
and all her people may so do. 

Saturday, January 11 
Jesus Taught With Authority. Matt. 

7: 24-29. 

Why did people believe Jesus? 
Why do they believe men like E. 
Stanley Jones, D. L. Moody, William 
Temple? Is it not the divine at- 
mosphere of truth about them, the 
sure touch of the spirit of God in 
them? Jesus' authority was of 
truth; people could not help be- 
lieving him. Does your witness 
ring true? 

Sunday, January 12 
Freedom in Christ. Rom. 8: 1-11. 

George Matheson has expressed 
the thought of these great words in 
a verse of a lovely hymn: 
"Make me a captive, Lord, 
And then I shall be free; 
Help me to render up my sword. 
That I may conqueror bel" 
Will you make that hymn your 
Sunday morning prayer today? 


Our Father, whose beauty and compas- 
sion have been so fully expressed in thy 
Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, grant us 
courage with unfeigned faith to submit our 
lives to him, that we may find fullest 
freedom to do and live and know the 
right, that the Word may become flesh 
again, to some small measure, in us. 
May the Light never be dimmed In us, and 
may faith grow from more to more. 

Through Jesus Christ, our Strength and 
Song. Amen. 

when the plants begin to grow, 
someone who doesn't understand 
tramps in and ruins the garden. 
But they have kept on planting 
and each time more of the seeds 

survive. So plant your garden 
again, Teddy, and one of these 
days, you'll reap a harvest." 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


• • • 

fuHfdafpt QleaH44iJfl 

• • 

Brotherhood Theme for 1946-47 

Christ the Hope of the World 
Calendar for Sunday, January 5 

Lesson material is based on International Sunday School Les- 
sons, The International Bible Lessons for Christian Teaching, 
copyrighted by the International Council of ReUgious Education, 
and used by its permission. 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Word Made Flesh — John 
1. Memory Selection, No man hath seen God at any 
time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of 
the Father, he hath declared him. John 1: 18. 

B.YJP.D. Topic for January, Here Is India. 

Gains for Hie Kingdom 

Eleven baptized in the Carlisle church, Pa. 
Twelve baptized and one received on former baptism 
in the BrookvUle church, Ohio. 

Personal Mention 

Bio. John W. Root writes that his address is changed 
from R. 4, Lafayette, Ind., to 1804 Vinton St., same city. 

C. E. Eller of Salem, Va., recently visited the Publish- 
ing House. He was on a journey westward through 
Kansas and Colorado to visit a brother who lives in 
California. His son, John, of Bethany accompanied him 
to Elgin. 

Mrs. I. N. Zigler of Mineral, Va., was a recent visitor 
at the Publishing House. She was being shown about 
by her daughter, Mrs. Wayne Click of York Center, 111. 

Bro. Francis P. Litton of Martinsburg, W. Va., will 
take up the pastorate of the Second church, South Bend, 
Ind., on March 1. After that date his correspondents 
may address him at 745 N. Cushing St., South Bend 16, 

Bro. J. E. Rolslon of Sheldon, Iowa, was a. visitor in 
the Publishing House recently as he returned from 
Virginia. He is now in his eighty-second year and is 
still active in the work of the church. He told us that 
he had the distinction of being the youngest man on the 
Standing Committee many years ago and now recently 
of being the oldest man on the Committee. Another 
interesting thing he told us was that though he has a 
family of six boys, five girls and twenty -seven grand- 
children, up until now there has been no death in the 
family. Bro. Rolston, still young in spirit, flew from 
Chicago to Washington on his journey to Virginia. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Patrick celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary in the parlors of the First Church 
of the Brethren at Grand Rapids, Mich., recently. Fol- 
lowing a dinner a program of music and reminiscences 
was given. The oldest son served as toastmaster. Mr. 
and Mrs. Patrick were married in 1896 at Grand Rapids, 
After that, they spent seventeen years in Texas, where 
Mr. Patrick was a postmaster and merchant. They have 
nine children living. Recently they moved from Texas 
back to Grand Rapids. Wherever they have been they 
have entered into the work of the church. We con- 
gratulate them. 

Miscellaneous Items 

There are good reasons for sending your Gospel Mes- 
senger club subscriptions in as early as possible. Doing 
so will give oiu* subscription department a better chance 
to handle your order in time when the work is especially 
heavy. Also there is less likelihood of subscribers miss- 
ing any issues of the paper. And so we say again: Send 
your Gospel Messenger subscriptions early. 

The Bear Creek congregation, Ohio, is providing full 
support for Anna M. Lichty of India. The December 7 
issue carried the erroneous statement of partial support. 

The Twenty-first International Sunday-school conven- 
tion for superintendents, teachers and leaders will be 
held in Des Moines, Iowa, July 23 to 27. Forty denom- 
inations are expected to be represented. July is a long 
way off, but it is not too early to begin to think about it. 

General Douglas MacArthur says, "Christianity has 
an opportunity without counterpart since the birth of 
Christ to spread among the peoples of the Far East. If 
this opportunity is fully availed of by the leaders of our 
Christian faith, a revolution of the spirit may be expect- 
ed to ensue, which may more favorably alter the course 
of civilization than has any economic or political revolu- 
tion in the history of the world." 

The National Conference of Christians and Jews an- 
nounces the fourteenth annual observance of National 
Brotherhood Week to occur Feb. 16-23, 1947. The theme 
is Brotherhood — Pattern for Peace. Program aids for 
use in church schools, young people's societies and adult 
groups may be secured by writing to the National Con- 
ference of Christians and Jews, 381 Fourth Avenue, 
New York 16, N. Y. Materials are adapted to all age 
levels. Plays, discussion topics, book lists and other 
types of literature, and visual aids are available. 

Bro. Edward K. Ziegler began writing the devotional 
column. Walking With God Today, on Jan. 1. He says 
that he will follow the suggested readings for the Sun- 
day-rschool lessons as he did when writing the devotional 
page in the Brethren Bible Study Monthly. It is our 
hope that Messenger readers will follow these readings 
day by day, reading the scripture from the Bible and 
the devotional suggestion from the Gospel Messenger. 
Thus two ends will have been served: we will have 
read each day actually from the Scriptures and we will 
have carried our preparation for Sunday throughout the 

There is now one saloon or tavern in the Unitied States 
for every ninety-one families, says Mrs. ' Colvin, presi- 
dent of the W.C.T.U. This is an increase over any pre- 
vious year. The total number of such places in the 
United States is over 400,000. During the past year a 
number of counties, cities and precincts have voted dry. 
This means that those which are still wet are becoming 
continually wetter. Nevada is the wettest state with 
one alcoholic beverage retailer for every twenty-nine 
families. California is second with one retailer for 
every forty-two families. Washington City is the wettest 
city in America. 



• • • 

Do This: 

Send letters every three weeks to senators and con- 
gressmen, showing the dangers inherent in compulsory 
military training such as is proposed by the army. 

Point out that in a world where nations can make 
\veaporas capable of destroying tens of millions of 
people there is only one defense — development of a 
vigorous United Nations organization, and a spirit of 
world brotherhood. There is no other way. 

Show congressmen that every measure must be ex- 
amined in this light. Conscription would only weaken 
the United Nations and is, therefore, to be avoided at 
all costs. Congressnien who vote for peacetime univer- 
sal training are voting to weaken America's security. 

The Disciples of Christ have rated highest among the 
Christian groups which have accompanied heifers for 
relief overseas. 

University of Illinois students are protesting discrim- 
ination between whites and Negroes in the eating and 
educational establishments in and about the university. 
Several students have been arrested because they have 
protested discrimination- Methods used have been 
picketing and legal action. 

Brotherhood Week falls this year February 16 to 23. 
President Truman is the honorary chairman for the 
celebrations of the week. John G. Winant, long-time 
ambassador to Great Britain, is the acting chairman. A 
special issue of the Gospel Messenger on brotherhood 
will appear at that time. 

What Is Your Hobby? This is the title of a free leaflet 
which may be ordered from the Superintendent of 
Documents, Washington 25, D. C. It lists low-cost book- 
lets on such hobbies as leathercraft, woodworking, tur- 
key raising, sewing, interior decoration and house re- 
pair. Address as indicated above for a copy of the 
leaflet. See what your government has to offer at low 

In Australia rockets are being shot into the air as 
experimental weapons for England in the next war 
which is being planned for. These are falling in the 
reservations on which the native Australians have been 
confined. It is feared that himdreds or even thousands 
of the natives may be killed in this manner. Medical 
directors are protesting the vise of native Australians as 
guinea pigs. 

Pastor Martin Niemoeller of Germany, in his first 
public address in the United States, said that the mes- 
sage which the world must learn is a message of broth- 
erhood. He said that in Germany the church was the 
only organization which was not absorbed into Hitler's 
party. "The Christians throughout the world," he said, 
"must rise above denominations to lead the world to 

Rev. Marian' Lubecki. a Methodist minister in War- 
saw, received a sack of fiour sent by the McPher- 
son church in Kansas. He wrote to McPherson and, 
among other things, said, "I am very obliged to you for 
your gift. I wish to know something nearer about the 
Church of the Brethren. Please to send me your pub- 
lications." A year's subscription to the Gospel Messen- 
ger has been entered in the name of this Methodist min- 
ister in Warsaw. 

Sam Morris and Henry Johnson have brought suit 
against several distilleries, the Columbia Broadcasting 
System and the individuals back of these organizations 
to the amount of fifteen million dollars. They have 
brought this suit on the behalf of boys and girls of 
America who are being led by the distillers and their 
broadcasts over Columbia stations to become users of 
alcohol. A book of 102 pages summarizes the testimony 
of Mr. Morris and Mr. Johnson. 

Thirty of the fifty-one nations in the United Nations 
assembly attended a recent religious service at the 
Riverside church in New York. They were addressed 
by John Foster DuUes and by Harry Emerson Fosdick. 
Mr. Dulles stressed the importance of common worship 
as a means of strengthening common moral laws. He 
maintained that the only really unifying force which 
could unite the world would be a kind of world moral 
law. Dr. Fosdick urged that the present time is a poten- 
tial great turning point in history that can lead us to 
better days. He said that the United Nations assembly 
must seize the opportunity to make it that kind of a 
turning point. 

Yesudas, the Outcaste, a new sound film, is now avail- 
able. It is the story of an outcaste boy in India who 
became a Christian, was educated and elected to the 
ministry. He was true to his name, which means servant 
(das) of Jesus (.Yesu). This film will be of valuable as- 
sistance in your school of missions this year. Service 
charge, $4.00. Book from the Visual Education Depart- 
ment, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Charles P. Tafl was elected as president of the Fed- 
eral Council of Churches to succeed Bishop G. Bromley 
Oxnam. Mr. Taft is the first layman ever to be elected 
president of the Federal Council. He is the son of 
William Howard Taft, former president of the United 
States and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and a 
brother of Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio. Bishop John 
A. Stamm of Harrisbiu-g, Pa., president of the Penn- 
sylvania Council of Churches, is the vice-president. 

The Religious News Service in summing up significant 
religious news for the year 1946 had the following to 
say: "The historic peace churches have been notably 
active. The Church of the Brethren, a rather small 
group, gave over one million dollars cash for relief, 
sent one thousand three hundred cows to Europe and 
set up at New Windsor, Md., a warehouse which be- 
came the principal concentration center and shipping 
point for the relief supplies of thirty other denomina- 
tions as well as for its own." 

At its meeting in Seattle, Washington, the Federal 
Council of Churches adopted resolutions calling upon 
the United Nations to work for speedy reduction of 
armaments, to abolish military conscription, and to 
outlaw the atom bomb. They also urged that the coloni- 
al possessions of the nations be brought into joint trus- 
teeship as provided for in the United Nations charter. 
They went on record further as favoring equality of 
opportunity in the United States regardless of color or 
creed. A budget of a half million dollars was set aside 
for the work of the Federal Council next year. 

With Our Schools . . . 

Bethany Biblical Seminory 

Elder Rufus P. Bucher gave the E. B. Hoff memorial 
lectures at Bethany on Oct. 21 to 25, on the subject of 
evangelism. The lectures were very much appreciated 
by faculty and students. 

A portrait of President Emeritus A. C. Wieand was 
presented to Bethany by Brother and Sister Charles 
Weybright of Syracuse, Ind. The portrait was painted 
by Bro. M. D. Neher. It is an excellent painting which 
the alumni, faculty and students appreciate very much. 
Brother and Sister A. C. Wieand are now living at La 
Verne, Calif. 

Bethany teachers have taken part in spiritual em- 
phasis week services as follows: Jesse H. Ziegler, Eliz- 
abethtown College; Chalmer E. Faw, McPherson, Kan- 
sas; Mrs. Anna B. Mow, National Campus Mission at the 
Southern Normal School, Carbondale, 111.; W. W. Sla- 
baugh, the Poplar Ridge church near Defiance, Ohio; 
Rufus D. Bowman, Wenatchee, Wash. 

President E. G. Kaufman of Bethel College, North 
Newton, Kansas, is teaching a course on modern mis- 
sions this winter quarter for both Bethany Biblical 
Seminary and the Mennonite Biblical Seminary. 

The combined enrollment for the autumn and winter 
quarters in Bethany is 153 in the seminary and 65 in the 
Bible training school. 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


044A MuUcm WonJz. 

Rowena. Lyle, and Sylvia Albright 

l\{%y SeryfB in Africa 

Lyle Clarence Albright 
Desmond W. Bittinger 

Elgin, Illinois 

Lyle was born in Grundy Cen- 
ter, Iowa, on Janviary 22, 1920, to 
Mr, and Mrs. Galen Albright. From 
his early youth he was interested 
in ihe work of the church and espe- 
cially in those phases of it which 
jwere missionary in character. He 
: liked to hear the missionaries tell 
of their experiences and of their 
work in various parts of the world. 
His boyhood was typical of that of 
any Brethren boy who grew up in 
a Brethren community in Iowa. He 
liked the out-of-doors and, conse- 
quently, enjoyed his life and work 
in a rural community. He was bap- 
tized into the church at Ivester, 
Iowa, when he was nine years old. 
He was active in young people's 
work in his local church and like- 
wise active in his elementary and 
high school programs. 

In 1938 he graduated from the El- 
dora high school and that fall he 
entered McPherson College. While 
there, he entered very actively into 
the life of the student ministers as 
well as into the general activities 
of the college life. On top of the 
water tower, one night, he dedi- 
cated his life to full-time service 
for the Master and soon thereafter 



made up his mind to become a for- 
eign missionary. He subsequently 
became co-chairman of the Student 
Volunteers. In addition to that, he 
was treasurer of the senior class, a 
member of the recreational coun- 
cil and for one year he was presi- 
dent of the National Student Volun- 
teers. During his college life he 
was especially active in quartet and 
choir work; he was a member of the 
varsity college quartet throughout 
most of his college years. During 
his last year and a half at McPher- 
son, he was a student pastor at the 
Castleton Union church. He served 
two summers as summer pastor at 
Kingsley, Iowa. In 1942 he was 
graduated with an A.B. in the phi- 
losophy of religion. 

Before graduation, he was mar- 
ried to Rowena Ruth Wampler on 
August 27, 1941. In the fall of 1943 
they entered Bethany Biblical Sem- 
inary from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1945 with a B.D, degree. 
While a student there he held a 
part-time pastorate Tit Logansport, 
Ind., and after graduation served as 
the full-time pastor until he left 
Logansport to go to Africa. While 
they were at Logansport, a little 
girl, Sylvia, came into their home 
to brighten it with her cheery 
smile. In 1946 Lyle was ordained 
to the eldership. The Logansport 
church appreciated the Albrights 
very much and was reluctant to 

See them leave. They felt they 
were giving them up, however, to 
a noble cause. 

Lyle felt the call to do foreign 
mission work while he was still 
young. As he became older and 
entered more fully into the reli- 
gious life of the campus and into 
pastoral work he felt this call even 
more strongly. Over against this 
Lyle saw very clearly the need for 
strong pastoral work in America. 
Many times he spoke of the chal- 
lenge which the churches of Amer- 
ica and the people of America who 
were still unsaved presented to him. 
In every church in which he served 
he brought about a strong evange- 
listic emphasis. Finally, however, 
the pull of the unsaved of Africa, 
many of whom had never heard of 
God's redeeming love, became 
stronger than the urge to continue 
serving in America. Lyle and 
Rowena decided, therefore, to give 
their lives in service beyond the 

Throughout his life, Lyle has 
, been characterized by his good 
cheer, his optimism, his industry 
and his consecration to the cause 
of Christ. These are excellent char- 
acteristics to take with him to Af- 
rica. The Albright family flew from 
New York on September 27 and 
landed at Lagos, Nigeria, West Af- 
rica, on September 30, 1946. 

Rowena Ruth Wampler 

Irene F. Bittinger 

Elgin, Illinois 

Friday morning, September 27, 
1946, brought to reality a dream of 
long standing for Rowena. For 
many years she has followed the 
activities of missionaries and looked 
forward to the day when she too, 
could be doing that kind of work 
for her Master. On this Friday the 
Albrights took the plane for Af- 

Rowena Ruth was born on May 
29, 1919, at McPherson, Kansas, to 
Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Wampler. She 
had an unusual privilege in being 
born into this family of church 
workers and leaders. She had op- 
portunity to get firsthand contacts 
with ministers and Christian lead- 
ers as they visited and were enter- 
tained in the homes of her parents 
and grandparents. All of these 
contacts played a part in forming 
the high ideals and religious inter- 
ests of Rowena. She was baptized 

when she was eleven years old into 
the Church of the Brethren at Mon- 
itor, Kansas. Her grandfather, Eld- 
er E. E. John, gave her all the 
information and history of the early 
Brethren when she stood by him as 
he worked on his violins. 

Rowena Ruth attended the Mc- 
Pherson high school and gradu- 
ated in 1938. The following fall 
she enrolled in McPherson College. 
She was an outstanding student so 
far as class work was concerned, 
but her personality and abilities 
really shone forth in her extracur- 
ricular activities. She was a mem- 
ber of the recreational council and 
the women's council; she served as 
co-chairman of the Student Volun- 
teers and then also as the co-presi- 
dent of the Student Christian Move- 
ment. She was active in all student 
and musical groups, and was a pop- 
ular member of the "girls' dorm 
family." Her year of service as the 
secretary-treasurer of the National 
Student Volunteers was an index 
of her past interests and stimulated 
still further her desire for a larger 
field of service. 

Her ancestry, her parents and 
home, and her college work all 
combined to prepare Rowena for a 
rich, fuU life. But that life would 
not ever have been complete for 
her without Lyle. Lyle Albright 
and Rowena became fast friends at 
college. The friendship grew into 
a beautiful courtship that continued 
throughout their college years. In 
fact, they were married at the be- 
ginning of their senior year, August 
27, 1941. Together she and Lyle 
were graduated from McPherson 
College in 1942. She received her 
Bachelor of Science degree in home 

Rowena's three years at Bethany 
Biblical Seminary were rich in ex- 
perience and development. Sylvia 
Marie came to their home on Au- 
gust 2, 1944, and made them very 
happy parents. Two outstanding 
experiences of these years were 
their ordination into the ministry 
and then into the eldership of the 
church. These brought responsi- 
bilities for which they had been 
preparing. They served the Logans- 
port church as student pastors and 
then as full-time pastors. 

The cheerful attitude, the friendly 
smile, the deep and sincere faith 
in God and the strong desire that 
his will shall be done in her life 
and in that of her family — these are 
some of the attributes that will 
help Rowena pass through the hard 
places in life as they have helped 
her in the past. 


fioo,ooo — 

$ 75.000 

t 50,000 

$ 25,000 

Dec. 7 total 

Northwestern Eoxisas First to Exceed $1.25 
Per Member 

In the Supplemental Pension campaign for $125,000, $1.25 per 
recorded member Is suggested as a suitable goal. Northwestern 
Kansas with 796 members has given $1,005. Not all of the con- 
gregations of the district have attained the goal, but some have 
given more. 

As of Nov. 30 congregations that exceeded the goal per member 
included the following; others will be reported in later issues: 
Burr Oak, N. W. Kansas, $2.43; North Solomon, N. W. Kansas, 
$2.60; Glendora, S. Ckilif., $2.06; Mabel, Oregon, $1.50; Polo, N. 
111. & Wis., $1.82; Cerro Gordo, S. 111., $1.44; Eel River, M. Ind., 
$1.29; Bethany, N. Ind., $1.46; Cedar, M. la., $6.41; Iowa River, 
M. la., $4.74; Minneapolis, N. la., Minn. & S. Dak., $2.30; Bloom, 
S. W. Kansas, $2.58; Flint, Mich., $1.48; Bassett, S. Va., $1.57; 
Maiden Creek, E. Pa., $2.51; Deshler, N. W. Ohio, $1.36; Canton, 
Maple Ave., N. E. Ohio, $1.74. 

By Dec. 7 the money received for this fund totaled $53,548.69. 
The campaign continues to Feb. 28, 1947, by which time the full 
$125,000 can be realized if all congregations do their port. Giv- 
ing for this fund is a real Christmas present to deserving mis- 
sionaries and ministers in their retirement days. 

A Recent Declaration by 
Chinese Christians 

We, the undersigned, are Chinese 
Christians. We wish to express 
from the Christian viewpoint our 
opinion on the critical situation now 
existing in our country. 

First, we wish to refer to the in- 
ternal hostilities which progressive- 
ly are becoming dangerous. We 
cannot but plead for peace whether 
from the standpoint of Christian 
love or from that of human com- 
passion. After a war of resistance 
for eight years and in light of wide- 
spread famine and disaster, the sit- 
uation in China has reached the 
stage of such extreme poverty and 
human suffering that the people 
cannot stand more war. In the 
event of this developing into a pro- 
longed war, we are fearful that it 
might lead to international interfer- 
ence and become the fuse of World 
War III. We, therefore, demand 
that both parties abandon military 
measures and resort to the use of 
peaceful and consultative means in 
the settlement of their differences. 
We wish to call upon our fellow 
Christians as well as all those citi- 
zens who oppose internal hostilities 
to arise, express the strong will of 
the people and work for peace 
within the country. 

Next, we wish to plead for funda- 
mental human rights. Human be- 
ings are God's children. They 
should be regarded as an end, and 
not a means to an end. The mini- 
mum requirement is that the peo- 
ple should be allowed to enjoy the 
freedom of thought, speech pub- 
lication, assembly and organization 
as well as the privilege of religious 
faith, worship and propaganda. All 
laws, administrative orders and 
government measures which are 

contrary to those rights, as well as 
subversive means of threat and ter- 
rorism in whatever areas, must be 
abandoned so that all people may 
enjoy lawful protection. 

Finally, we demand a thorough- 
going reform in our government. 
There is no denying the fact that 
there is corruption, rottenness and 
inefficiency in the present govern- 
ment. Especially has this been re- 
vealed since V-J day in the liber- 
ated areas; there the liberated peo- 
ple, who were longing for a good 
government, have been disappoint- 
ed and have turned from disap- 
pointment to pessimism, and from a 
positive attitude to one of passive - 
ness. We are confronted with the 
rapidly rising costs of living, the 
interruption of transportation, the 
monopoly of official capital, and the 
paralysis of industry and com- 
merce, so that the whole economic 
structure and the people's liveli- 
hood are thrown into hopeless con- 
fusion. To get at the situation in 
a fundamental way calls for the im- 
mediate cessation of internal hos- 
tilities, the resumption of transpor- 
tation, the reorganization of the ar- 
my, the calling of the national con- 
gress, the adoption of a constitu- 
tion, the holding of popular elections 
and the reorganization of the gov- 
ernment. This will bring about a 
new order inspiring the people to 
a new hope. We trust that our gov- 
ernment authorities, leaders of all 
parties, and all patriots of the 
country will quickly arise and ac- 
complish this worthy end. — T. C. 
Bau, Peng Fu, S. C. Leung, Baen 
Lee, C. J. Lin, Luther Shao, Tsai 
Kwei, Lindel Tsen, H. H. Tsui, Y. C. 
Tu, E. S. Tyau, George K. T. Wu. 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


RfieikneH. SehMce 

Are you one of those who has been hearing that the re- 
lief need is past in Europe— that we can once again settle 
down to the comforts of our own existence and forget the 
rest of the world? If you are, look at the facts with a man 
who has just returned from a firsthand examination of 
the way in which many Europeans are living today. His 
is an up-to-date report. The situation he describes exists 

This Is Mass 

H. D. Bollinger 

Taken jErom an article in Christian 
Century, October 30 

Thousands of people will die of 
malnutrition, hunger and disease in 
Germany this second winter of 
peace. Many are dying at this mo- 
ment. Instead of improving, the 
situation has become steadily worse. 
The loss of the war meant to mil- 
lions loss of homes, employment and 
status in an orderly society. This 
loss has been heightened by the 
blunders that seem to be inevitable 
where a nation has lost its objec- 
tive, its government and its sense 
of unity. Germany was partitioned 
into zones at Potsdam, and the Al- 
lied council has not been able to 
prevent those zones from falling 

In the British and American 
zones, it is, reassuring to observe 
that something like co-operation 
and constructive policies prevail. 
The military governments in b o t h 
zones seem concerned about the 
welfare of the German people. 
However, in spite of that fact, the 
German people are starving. Betty 
Luros, staff writer for the Stars and 
Stripes, states in the issue of Sep- 
tember 6 that "prospects of the 
harvest are now such that every 
German can be furnished only a 
900 calorie ration." It takes at 
least 2,000 calories to maintain an 
adult in normal health, and the 
average American gets 3,300. Yet 
the German economy in the Amer- 
ican zone is theoretically geared to 
provide only 1,550 calories per day, 
an amount which, if secured, guar- 



an tees malnutrition and slow star- 
vation. And it is often not secured. 
Relief agencies are doing their best 
to make up the difference between 
the 900 calories that German agri- 
cultural products are supposed to 
provide and the 1,550 calories set as 
the objective in the American zone. 
However, relief agencies working 
with all the resources at their dis- 
posal cannot possibly make up the 
difference. Even if, by some unbe- 
lievable miracle, they did — people 
will still die of starvation. 

A Stupid Policy 

What does all this say to the 
Christian conscience of the world? 
First, it declares that a policy of 
starvation is the most stupid pos- 
sible policy to pursue. We followed 
it after the First World War. More 
than 200,000 Germans then died be- 
cause of starvation during the 
blockade the Allies imposed until 
the treaty of Versailles was signed 
in June 1919. That hunger block- 
ade produced a neurotic nation, Its 
starving people responded to a lead- 
er, himself once hungry and later 
neurotic, who led them through a 
perverted ideology into insane con- 
quests. Far more than 200,000 have 
already died of starvation this time 
during our period of occupation, 
and the end is not yet. We should 
remind ourselves that the inevitable 
by-product of starvation is revenge 
and perverted conduct. We are set- 
ting the stage for another Hitler. 

Second, it makes clear the im- 
possibility of education for democ- 

racy under the present conditions. 
The 1,800 civilian employees of the 
American military government in 
the American zone are, in my judg- 
ment, performing a remarkably fine 
piece of work teaching the German 
people democracy and the ways of 
democratic living. But they are op- 
erating under insuperable difficul- 
ties and with the one fatal handi^ 
cap — ^hunger. I found it in the stu-i 
dent bodies in Berlin, Marburg, 
Frankfort and Heidelberg. Students 
attending classes were cold, even in 
summer, because of their lowered' 
vitality. They stayed by their 
classes, however, because of hunger 
for knowledge. Between classes 
they munched bits of hard bread 
and told me incredible stories of 
sickness and slow starvation. Im- 
agine education for democracy un- 
der such conditions! 

Third, it shows that the army's 
task is impossible unless the people 
get food. The military government 
of the United States is, I believe, 
doing its best to feed the people, 
but its best is not enough. General 
Joseph T. McNarney, theater com- 
mander, states, "The major portion 
of ; the $200,000,000 yearly cost of 
U. S. occupation in Germany is be- 
ing spent in feeding the German 
people." My understanding is that 
the army requested Congress to ap- 
propriate $350,000,000 to feed the 
German people and that Congress 
pared it down to $85,000,000. In 
other words, the army men on the 
job in Germany see the need and 
desire to do what they can, but 
they cannot meet mass starvation 
unless the people back home know 
what is actually taking place and 
act on their knowledge to stir the 
consciences of our congressmen. 
They cannot act until January. 
Again, as last year, that will be too 
late for great numbers. They will 
be dead. But it will save others. 

In spite of the fact that the Ger- 
man people are now starving, they 
do not live by bread alone. They 
need human fellowship. There is 
at present in their hearts a great 
vacuum of loneliness. The ideology 
of communism rushes toward this 
vacuum on the one hand and the 
spirit of Christian democracy on the 
other. Letters to Germans feed 
their souls. Letters and packages 
together save soul and body. And 
money, clothing or food contributed 
to the church relief agencies will 
go further than aid extended in any 
other way. 


and Inspiration . . . 

Throughoxil the world of today 
there is infinite suffering. Never 
have so many millions wandered 
about over the face of the earth 
without where to lay their heads. 
Never have so many been hungry. 
Never have so many been cold. 
Any Christian who is resting com- 
placently in the presence of such 
need and extending no help has al- 
ready lost his soul. — Dr. Roy L. 

Clara and Bruce Wood, the 
Dwight Homer family and the 
Luther Harshbarger family arrived 
safely in Brussels on December 6. 

In a desperate effort to stave off 
mass starvation, it is reported, 
half the cows in the British oc- 
cupied zone of Germany were re- 
cently ordered slaughtered. This 
depletion of cattle will place these 
people in a most serious position 
for the future. 

Late reports from M. R. Zigler 
indicate he was in Italy on Decem- 
ber 10, in Geneva, Switzerland, on 
December 12 and in Brussels, Bel- 
gium, on December 16. He reports 
increasing need in Europe and a 
chance for Brethren to render a real 
service of love. 

Eighty thousand children are liv- 
ing in the ruins of Warsaw, Poland. 
No wonder there is a higher rate of 
tuberculosis among them than 
among the children of any other 

A number of the men attending 
the district B.S.C. representatives 
conference at New Windsor last 
month paid a visit to the United Na- 
tions in New York. They were able 
to attend a subcommittee meeting in 
which Russian Delegate Molotov 
and U. S. Delegate Connally spoke. 

Emma Grace Ritchey of Schells- 
burg. Pa., and Roscoe Switzer of 
Kearney, Nebr., Brethren relief 
workers stationed in Brussels, Bel- 
gium, were married at the Methodist 
church in Brussels on December 4. 
Dr. Eldon Burke presided at the 
ceremony. They are planning to 
be located in the Brethren project 
in Austria as soon as permission 
to enter Austria can be obtained. 

John Bowman entered Germany 
on November 7. After a short orien- 
tation period at the CRALOG cen- 
tral oflfice in Berlin, he is now sta- 
tioned in Wiesbaden in the Ameri- 
can zone, as CRALOG laiason repre- 
sentative for that area. 

In learning the Dutch language, 
the Brethren workers on Walcheren 

Shoe-repair Shop Added to Modesto Facilities 

Visual Education Offers 
You These Films 

16mm Sound Motion Pictures 

The films described below can 
be obtained by writing the Gen- 
eral Boards, Dept. of Visual Ed- 
ucation, 22 S. State St.. Elgin, 111. 
They are all excellent pictures, 
bringing the picture of the need 
that exists in European coun- 
tries to the living screen so that 
you can see it with your own 

If you want to include a film 
in one of your church programs 
be sure you write for it at least 
a month ahead of the time you 
hope to use it. 

min.). 75c. An appeal to free 
men to take recognition of the 
plight of war-torn Europe. Trac- 
es the daily activity of a trans- 
portation official and his family. 

SEEDS OF DESTINY. (20 min.). 
$2.00. A powerful picture of what 
the war did to Europe's children 
and how these maimed, hungry, 
ill-clothed youngsters are likely 
to become the terrorists of tomor- 
row unless a more healthy en- 
vironment is provided for them 

min.). $2.50. A public-health 
film which shows the perils of 
disease facing survivors of the 
war living now in the midst of 
destruction in the liberated 
countries, and explains that con- 
ditions inviting epidemic in those 
lands constitute a threat to all 
of us. 

OUR CHILDREN. (10 min.). $1.00. 
Another dramatic reminder of 
how the children were among 
the chief victims of the last war. 

, Several thousand pairs of shoes 
in need of repair were piled up 
at the Modesto, California, relief 
center. From this need, the men's 
work of the Ccilvary Church of the 
Brethren, Los Angeles, developed a 
project to raise the necessary $700 
to purchase shoe-repair machinery 
for the center. Sending only one 
letter stating the need, they enlisted 
the aid of the men's work groups 
of the Southern California and Ari- 
zona District and received immedi- 
ate response from the Glendale, Ar- 
izona, and the Covina, Glendora, 
Pasadena, San Diego, Inglewood, 
Glendale, Los Angeles Belvedere, 
and Los Angeles Calvary churches, 
California. The goal was oversub- 
scribed by $35.16. 

Two pairs of shoes, repaired on 
the machines by their own repair- 
men, were shown at the October 
district meeting, held at La Verne, 
and many splendid remarks were 
made regarding the excellent work- 
manship on the shoes. 

The above photograph shows two 
of the workers operating the ma- 
chinery at the center, which has re- 
cently been moved from Modesto to 
Richmond, California. 

Island have found the language a 
most practical and descriptive one. 
The Dutch word for religion is 
Godsdienst, which means when 
translated God's service. Dienst is 
the word used for service in such 
combinations as public service, mail 
service, etc. 

JANUARY 4, 1947 


*lke QUu/iaU at Woftk 

For many churches Easter is the 
high light of the year. Goals should 
be set early and activities and pro- 
grams planned which will serve to 
attain these objectives. The follow- 
ing listing of program resources 
is provided to help you plan for the 
observance of the Easter season. 

All plays, pageants, cantatas and 
other items starred may be secured 
for examination from the Brethren 
Loan Library. Send five cents post- 
age for every two items ordered for 
examination. Literature listed (ex- 
cept anthems) here may be pur- 
I chased from the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Special Services 

*BelioId Ihe Lamb of God, by Jones and 
McRae. A Lenten choral service with 
voice-speaking choir and solo speaking 
parts. 30 cents. 

Easier Candlelight Service, by William 
H. Leach. 60c per dozen; $2.00 per hun- 
dred. A service of familiar hymns, pledge 
of dedication and responsive passages. 

•Easter Tidings. A service of music, 
responsive readings and recitations for 
tlie Svmday schooL 10c each; $1.10 per 

*H« Is Risen. An Easter Sunrise Service, 
by Virginia Mae Wood. A service of 
worship consisting of farhiliar hymns, 
scripture and meditation. 25c each; $2.50 
per dozen. 

•Th« Quest. A service of worship for 
Easter with parts for a leader and a reader 
and responses and hymns by the congre- 
gation. Single copy 15c; $2.50 per hun- 

Sev«n Sayings of Christ on the Cross. 
A candlelight service of music and read- 
ing. 5c. 

'Sunrise Easter Service, by Virginia 
Mae Wood. 25c. A worship service of 
song, prayer, scripture and poetry. 

'Tragedy That Opened the Tomb, The, 
by Raymond tlunter Brown. 25c. A 
Grood Friday-Easter candlelight service of 
music, poetry, pictures and scriptures. 
May be adapted to a very simple or more 
elaborate presentation. 

General Program Resources 

Palm Simday to Easter. These sugges- 
tions prepared a few years ago are help- 
ful to those in charge of planning the 
church program for the week preceding 
Easter. Free. 

Paramount Easter Books, No. 7, 8. Col- 
lections of recitations, exercises, dialogs, 
pantomimes, pageants and songs. Each, 

Readings — A Handful of Clay. Free. 
Sharing the Easter Message. Free. 

Ploy and Pageants 

Plays For Adults and Young People 
Barabbas, by Mattle B. Shannon. 2 
scenes. 3 m., 3 w., 1 child. 30 min. Int. 
30c, $3.24 per doz. 7 or more copies must 
be purchased for permission to give the 
play. The healing of his little daughter 
and his own release from death by Jesus 
bring healing to Barabbas. A moving 
drama of the power of the Christ. 

Blessed Are They, by Walter E. Butts, 
Jr. 1 act. 3 m., 4 w. 45 min. Int. 35c. 
Easter Eve finds the Rand family facing 
fear, hatred, despair and death. The 
Easter dawn brings faith, love and life. 
An excellent interpretation of the real 
message of Easter. 

Easter Wings, by Allan. 1 m.. 2 w., 1 
boy. 30 min. 35c. In the birth of a 

Oastei Ptociam 

PlanniHC Kesoutces 

butterfly it seemed as though God had 
touched the chrysalis and said, "Arise, 
put on those wings and fly," and a wom- 
an's faith in eternal life is restored. 

Everlasting Dream, The, by Bessie M. 
Stratton. 3 m., 3 w., 1 boy, 1 girl, ex- 
tras. 40 min. 35c. This play depicts the 
slowly growing consciousness of Jesus' di- 
vine mission by Mary, his mother, and 
culminates in her ^iill comprehension 
after his death. 

Eyes of Faith, The, by Maxfleld and Eg- 
gleston. 1 act. 10 w. 35c. Antonia, on 

the eve of the Passover, Is fired by the 
thought that Jesiis may return from the 
dead and she will be healed of her blind- 
ness. She joins with Magdalena in her 
search for the risen Christ, saying, "No^ 
one that believes in him will remain In 
the dark." 

For He Had Great Possessioins, by Doro- 
thy Clarke Wilson. 1 act 5 m., 4 w., 
1 child. Ext. 35c. Five copies must be 
purchased to give the play once. On 
repeat performances $2.50 royalty. A 
highly dramatic account of Ben Azel, the 
rich young ruler, and Asenath, his selfish 
wife, and how the crucifixion and resur- 
rection bring them to a fuller life of 
the spirit. 

He Came Seeing, by Mary P. Hamlin. 
1 act. 3 m., 2 w., extras. 40 min. 35c. 
Royalty $5.00 when no admission is 
charged. $10.00 when admission is charged. 
A dramatization of the story of loyalty 
to a great cause. 

He Lives, by Gertrude Rockwell Goudey. 
4 scenes. 5 m., 5 w. 30 min. Simple 
setting. 35c. The theme of the play 
centers about the life of the rich yoimg 
ruler and presents a possible sequel to 
the single recorded incident. A dramatic 
story of the sxirrender of the young man 
to the Christ through the stirring events 
of the crucifixion and resurrection. An 
effective musical background is suggested. 

Into Galilee, by Bayard. 1 act. 5 m., 1 
w., 1 b., 1 g. 30 min. 35c. Eight or 
more copies, 30c each. This play depicts 
the wild-fire spread throughout Palestine 
of the news of the crucifixion, followed 
almost immediately by the glorious tid- 
ings of the resurrection. A play of fine 
characterizations and interesting reac- 

It's Easter, Dr. Jordan, by Sherwood 
Keith. 1 act. 1 m., 1 w. 50c. Purchase 
of two copies required for first perform- 
ance; repeats, $1.00 each. "A Pilgrim's 
Progress sort of story" dealing with the 
experiences of a young graduate nurse . 
and a promising young surgeon. No 
scenery required. 

Light in the Window, The, by Dorothy 
Clarke Wilson. 1 scene. 3 m., 5 w., car- 
olers. 40 min. Int. 35c. The light in Aunt 
Hope's window threw its beam into the 
lives of a variant group of persons and 
brought a home and mother love to 
Shucky, a lad who at twelve was just 
beginning to discover that the wages of 
sin are the only ones that are paid in 

Release, by Dorothy Clarke Wilson. 1 
act. 6 m., 2 w., ofi-stage voices. 40 min. 
Int. 35c. Five or more copies must be 
purchased for permission to give the 
play. A Lenten play featuring Barab- 



It Occurs to Me . • • Raymond R. Peters 

Fifteen years ago I heard Bro. Bonsack say that the book of greatest 
importance next to the Bible is the pocketbook. Perhaps one of the best 
ways to get insight into our scale of values would be to review a record 
of the use we made of our money during the past twelve months. We 
use money for the things we think most valuable. 

We have just closed the financial enlistment campaign in our church. 
It was my privilege to work close to this program and to serve on one of the 
teams that called on the membership. 

It occurs to me to share several observations: (1) Many people are 
sensitive about their giving. Usually those who give less than they feel 
they should are the most sensitive. (2) People give because of generous 
hearts rather than because of generous bank accounts. (3) The people 
with the deepest religious experience tend to give larger proportions of 
their incomes. (4) When viewed in the light of needs and the amount of 
money spent on material goods, few people give as generously as the 
Christian spirit demands. Some people spend more annually for Christmas 
presents, movies, tobacco, etc., than they contribute to benevolences. (5) 
The chuFch must devise new ways to reach the layman in terms of his 
Christian stewardship. 

bas and the two thievM In prlaon on the 
day of the crucifixion. The powerfully 
dramatic story of a sinful man's remorse, 
deliverance and consecration. 

T«rrlbl« M**k. Tb«, by Charles Rann 
Kennedy. 1 act. 2 m.. 1 w. 60 mln. Ext. 
35c. Tells of the conversion of the cen- 
turion at the time of the crucifixion. A 
striking play with a peace message. It 
Is to be played in darkness. 

Unligbted CroM, Th«, by Dorothy Clarke 
Wilson. 1 act. 8 m., 7 w., and several 
"bit" parts. 1 hr. Int. 35c. Ten or more 
copies must be purchased for permission 
to give the play. A powerful interpreta- 
tion of the mission of the chvirch to the 
present age. Suitable for religious edu- 
cation week or rally day; may also be 
used at the Easter season. 

War of Life, The, by Martha Bayly. 1 
act. 2 m., 3 w., a group of young people. 
Ext. 30c, $3.00 doz. This drama has for 
Its inspiration the words of Matt 27:35: 
"And they crucified him. and parted his 
garments, casting lots: that it might be 
fulfilled which was spoken by the proph- 
et. They parted my garments among 
them, and upon my vesture did they cast 
lots." The play Is quite dramatic and 
needs good characterization, but it Is not 
too difficult for the average group of 
young people. No curtain is needed and 
a garden scene Is the only setting re- 

Inlermedlales and Children 

Boy Who Discovered Easter, The, by 
Elizabeth McFadden. 2 acts. 1 m., 2 w., 
boy of twelve. 40 mln. Int. 35c. Roy- 
alty $5.00. Adapted from the story, The 
Boy Who Discovered the Spring. Simple 
home interior. The story tells of how 
spring comes to an orphan boy and to a 
doctor who had lost his fedth in Easter. 

Challenge of the Cross, The, by Charles 
A. Marsh. 7 girls, choir. 25 mln. 50c. 
An appeal for willingness to do the serv- 
ice intended for us to do. Simple cos- 
tuming. Familiar hymns used. Oood for 
intermediate girls. 

Children Hear About Eaater, The. by 
Frances Hale Underwood. 1 scene. 9 
boys, 8 girls. 25 mln. 35c. From the 
foreword: "This drama is a simple pres- 
entation of some of the New Testament 
stories in a manner In which I feel a 
group of children playing together and 
expressing themselves in their own way 
would naturally do It." 

Children of GalUee, by Elizabeth Ed- 
land. 10 children, 3 young people. 25c. 
Scene laid along the shore of GalUee 
shortly after the resurrection of Christ. 
Children tell the news of Jesus' death to 
one of their nimiber who has been away 
and they listen to the experiences of 
three strangers whom Jesus had helped. 
All resolve to be disciples of Jesus and 
to help bring in the kingdom of God. 

News That Came to Naxareita, The, by 
Ivy Bolton. 2 scenes. 11 girls, 7 boys. A 
play telling the story of the resurrection 
of Christ. 

Pageants Vfiih Songs and Music 

And So He Doth Radeem tJs, by Bailey. 
Large or small cast. 1 hr. 35c. A drama 
with a worship service. Costuming Is 
simple and pageant is carefully arranged 
for simple, easy presentation. The Easter 
message of our Lord has profound bear- 
ing on a time of world crisis. 

Daiwning, Th*, by Bayard. 3 scenes. 19 
m., 11 w. 50c. A harmony in pageantry 
and music of all the resvirrection materi- 
al in the four gospels. A beautiful spec- 
tacle; thrlUlngly inspirational. No cur- 
tain needed. Simple background. 

Shadow of the Croee, The, by Aileene 
Sargent. S main characters, chonis, tab- 
leaux. Time, 45 mln. 35c per copy, 6 
copies for $2.00. Purchase of copies re- 
quired for right to produce. Ethan, a 
guard at the tomb of Jesus, is led to be- 
lieve on him. 


The following Easter anthems may b« 
secured for examination from the Breth- 
ren Loan Library. Ask for easy, medium 

or difficult anthems and send five centa 
postage for each set ordered. Purchase 
copies must be secured direct from the 
pxiblUhers. See addresses below. 

God So Loved the World (from the 
Crucifixion). Stainer. 6290. 8c. (1). 

God's Son in Triumph Rose Today. 
Buszln. 1514. 20c. (2). 

In Joseph's Lovely Garden. Dickinson. 
20c. (3) . 

Lauda Anima — Praise My Soul the King 
of Heaven. Andrews. 7406. 15c. (4). 

No Shadows Yonder (from The Holy 
City). GauL 4313. 8c. (4). 

All Glory, Laud and Honor. Teschner. 
(Palm Sunday.) 15c. (2). 

Holy Art Thou. HandeL 14861. 15c. 

Incline Thine Ear, O Lord. Arkhangel- 
sky-Kilbalchich. 5-W2689. 12c. (6). 

Palms, The. Faiu-e. (Palm Sunday.) 
1810. 12c. (7). 

Were You There? Bxirleigh. (Good Fri- 
day.) 15c. (8). 

Gloria in Excelsls. Mozart. 3515. 12c. 

Heavens Are Telling, The. Haydn. 462. 
12c. (9). 

Indifference (When Jesus Came to Gol- 
gotha). Poteat. (Good Friday.) 1591. 15c. 

Unfold, Ye Portals (from the Redemp- 
tion). Gounod. 2015. 12c. (4). 

(1) Theodore Presser Company, 1712 
Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

(2) Hall and McCreary, 434 S. Wabash 
Ave., Chicago 5, 111. 

(3) H. W. Gray, 159 E. 4ath St., New 
York 17, N. Y. 

(4) G. Schlrmer, 3 East 43rd St., New 
York 17, N. Y. 

(5) OUver Ditson. 1712 Chestnut St.. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

(6) WUUam Wltmark and Sons, 54 W. 
Randolph, Chicago, 111. 

(7) Boston Music Company, 116 Boyl- 
ston, Boston, Mass. 

(8) Recordl and Co., Lorenz Publishing 
Co., 209 S. State St., Chicago, 111. 

(9) Gamble Hinged Music Co., 218 S. 
Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111. 


Unless specified, prices of cantatas are 
85 cents per copy with a 5% discoimt If 
five or more copies are purchased at one 
time. Order from the Brethren Publish- 
ing House. 

The Thorn-Crowned King. Holton. 

The Exalted Christ, Nolte. (New 1944.) 

The First Easter, Wilson. 

The Resvirrection Story, Adams. 

Immortal Life, Heyser. (New 1944.) 

Memories of Easter Mom, Lorenz. 

The Mystery of Easter. Rogers. 

King Triumphant, Ashford. 
Two Part (S. A.) Cantatas 

Eternal Life, Holton. 60c. 

The Glory of Easter, Norman. 60c. 
Three Part Mixed (SJ\.B.) 

Memories of Easter Mom, Lorenz. 60c. 

Redemption's Song, Holton. 60c. 
Three Part Treble (SJSJV.) 

The Easter Sunrise Song, Holton. 60c. 

Easter Angels, Fearis. 60c. 

Worship Services 

Easter worship services for all 
age groups will be found in the 
March 1947 issue of the Internation- 
al Journal. Other worship service 
outlines and resources may be found 
in books of worship services. Many 
of these books are available from 
the Brethren Loan Library. If in- 
terested in securing such material, 
write to the Brethren Loan Library, 
stating the age group for which you 
wish the worship service. 


Religious News . . . 

Seminozy Students In Detroit 

Twenty theological students from 
eight seminaries worked in Detroit 
automobile factories this past sum- 
mer as part of a seminar on church 
work in industrial communities. 
The seminar, led by the Rev. Owen 
Geer, pastor of the Mt. Olivet Meth- 
odist church. Dearborn, attempted 
to give the students practical train- 
ing in problems they will meet in 
ministering to industrial areas. 

While working in the Detroit 
plants the students lived at the Cass 
Community church. One night a 
week they attended a lecture course 
on the history of the labor move- 
ment. Conferences at the Mt. Oli- 
vet church showed the students how 
that church has tackled the prob- 
lems of an industrial community. 

Major creative effort of the group 
was the erection of a lodge at Pine-, 
brook Farm near Dearborn for use 
by future seminar groups. This 
project was directed by Ed Long>. 
Union Seminary student who holds; 
an engineering degree from Rens~ 
selaer Polytechnic Institute. 

The seminar group included four 
women, three Negroes and a rab- 
binical student. Seminaries repre- 
sented are: Yale, Eden, Augustana, 
Union, Garrett, Chicago, Boston 
University and Jewish Institute of 

Plans One-man Crusade to Com> 
bat Sin in U. S. 

The Rev. Edwin Orr, Belfast- 
born former United States army 
chaplain, has announced plems for 
a one-man crusade "to combat sin 
in America." He is returning to 
Oxford with his wife and family 
after a brief vacation in his native 
Ulster and expects to spend the next 
two years preparing for his mission. 

Describing himself as an inter- 
denominational evangelist, Mr. Orr 
said he will crusade both in the 
United States and in South America. 

"Americans need revival and they 
need it quickly," the youthful evan- 
gelist asserted. "The generosity 
and hospitality of Americans at- 
tracted me greatly during my life 
in the United States, but I was ap- 
palled by the prevalence of crime, 
easy divorce and corruption. I 
found the Negro people to be in- 
tensely religious, but I met white 
Christians who believe Negroes 
have no souls." 

JANUARY 4. 1947 



Quakers Issue Booklet on Race 

Current practices in race relations 
are leading to rising resentment by 
"those who are discriminated 
against" while "the determination 
of selfish and prejudiced interests 
is hardening," according to a 
pamphlet issued by the Committee 
on Race Relations of the American 
Friends Service Committee. 

" The booklet, Some Quaker Ap- 
proaches to the Race Problem, 
states that "no task ... today is 
so fundamental or so urgent as that 
of converting the brotherhood of 
man from a respected phrase to a 
living practice." . Pointing out that 
"an eruption of force would bring 
tragedy," the Quakers assert that 
"change through growth in under- 
standing, through voluntary associ- 
ation and active good will must be 

Pittsburgh Churchmen Hold 
Interracial Meeting 

Christian churches of both Negro 
and white races in the Protestant 
faith need a closer fellowship and 
teamwork on both a national and a 
local front. That was the consensus 
of three speakers on an interracial 
program sponsored by the Commis- 
sion on Race Relations of the Al- 
legheny County Council of Church- 
es and the Baptist Ministers Con- 
ference of Pittsburgh and vicinity. 

Dr. Robbins W. Barstow, director 
of service for Church World Ser- 
vice, Inc., declared that "people are 
hungry and cold regardless of their 
color or religious affiliation." Ap- 
pealing for unity among all church- 
es of the Protestant faith, he said 
that "one of the ways to have bet- 
ter racial relations is a common re- 
sponse to those needs." 

State Representative Homer S. 
"Brown, Pittsburgh, acknowledged 
there is a big job to do, with racial 
tensions, lynchings, and ill feelings, 
but held that public opinion and the 
individual can do it. "The individ- 
ual, himself," he said, "haS a 
Christian responsibility in three re- 
spects": (1) to be genuine in his 
own Christian personal relationship; 
(2) to make his influence felt 
wherever he is; and (3) to muster 
public opinion behind laws already 

Dr. L. B. Moseley, pastor of the 
First Baptist church, Pittsburgh, 
where the meeting was held, sug- 
gested that Protestant churches of 
the large cities, regardless of race 
or denomination, develop closer 
correlation between themselves. 


"Help the Negro with qualifications 
te get the same type of jobs others 
enjoy," he urged. 

Pastors Told They Must Face 
Problems of Modem Age 

The modern age "will not tolerate 
the preacher who stands with his 
tongue in cheek, leans first on one 
foot and then on the other as he 
apologizes for everything that is 
omnipotent in God," the Rev. Jo- 
seph R. Sizoo, pastor of the Colle- 
giate Church of St. Nicholas, New 
York City, told more than 300 re- 
ligious leaders attending the 15th 
annual Pastors Institute and Educa- 
tional Conference at the University 
of Chicago. 

The preacher who would take his 
place in the world today must know 
"his age, its dilemmas, uncertainties 
and aspirations," Dr. Sizoo said. 

"Our age is suffering from moral 
instabihty — ^the world is taking a 
moral tail spin. Around it lies an 
inordinate display of wealth, an in- 
crease in crimes of violence, the ap- 
palling evidences of juvenile delin- 

About Books ... 

Any books mentioned In this column may be secured through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. — ^Ed. 

quency and the practices of expedi- 
ency on a national scale. 

"This age is suffering from a new 
kind of frontier — ^a frontiei" of fear, 
hate, suspicion and power, with 
which Christian ministers must 
come to grips." 

Eassel Establishes a Peace 

The wrecked city of Kassel is the 
center of a recent organized peace 
committee which is perhaps unique 
among postwar German communi- 
ties for varied make-up and activi- 
ties. Established on the initiative 
of Quakers, the committee contains 
representatives of the trade unions, 
the Catholic and Protestant church- 
es, the Social Democratic Party, and 
the Fellowship of Reconciliation. 
One of the members is the Oher- 
praesident of the city. Numerous 
other members were confined in 
nazi concentration camps. 

According to The Friend of Lon- 
don there are twelve subcommit- 
tees, each with a specific task. 
Work varies from answering propa- 
ganda and false statements in the 

The Discovery of India. Jawahar- 
lal Nehru. John Day Co., 1946. $5.00. 

Pleading China. Duncan McRob- 
erts. Zondervan, 1946. 141 pages. 

The Lance of Longinus. Prince 
Hubertus zu Loewenstein. Macmil- 
lan, 1946. 166 pages. $2.00. 

Gift of the Earth. Pachita Crespi. 
Scribners, 1946. 26 pages. $1.25. 

Must Destruction Be Our Destiny? 
Harrison Brown. Simon and Schus- 
ter, N.Y., 1946. $2.00. 

Galewood Crossing. Alta Halver- 
son Seymour. Westminster, 1946. 
212 pages. $2.00. 

After an exciting journey by wag- 
on and oxcart from Ohio to Wiscon- 
sin, the Gale family quickly adjusts 
to pioneer life. Tildy, a girl in her 
teens, is always in the middle of 
some adventure, being captured by 
Indians, befriending a lonely French 
girl, or discovering the ways by 
which hostile groups in the wilder- 
ness community can be brought into 
happy co-operation. Girls especial- 
ly will enjoy Tildy 's story, but her 
adventures are thrilling enough to 
satisfy most teen-age boys. — Ken- 
neth Morse. 

Behold Your King. Florence Mar- 
vyne Bauer. Bobbs-Merrill, 1945. 
408 pages. $2.75. 

Jonathan of Cyrene, a young Jew, 

discovered that loyalty to Jesus of 
Nazareth could be costly in terms 
of his losing wealth and position. 
But his friendship with the Master 
gave him a unique opportunity to 
witness some of the greatest events 
in history. To share in these ex- 
periences is also the reader's privi- 
lege as he follows the exciting 
events of the story, a story full of 
inspiration and faith. — Kenneth 

The Rolling Pancake and Other 
Nursery Tales. L. B. Fischer, 1945. 
23 pages. $1.00. 

Here are four nursery classics 
which are a part of every child's 
folk-tale heritage — ^The Rolling Pan- 
cake, The Pot That Made Porridge, 
The Little Red Hen and The Three 
Billy Goats Gruff. Erika Weih's de- 
lightful color illustrations retell 
them with fresh sparkle. — Gene- 
vieve Crist. 

Enlisting and Developing Church 
Leaders. Paul W. Milhouse. War- 
ner Press., 1946. 104 pages. $1.25. 

This book is directed especially 
to superintendents and pastors and 
provides very helpful suggestions on 
methods of securing leaders. Teach- 
ers and other church leaders will 
also find some helpful suggestion for 
growth and development in their 
work. — Grace HoUinger. 

Readers Write . . . 

These are excerpts from letters which come to the editor's desk. It is our Intention 
not to publish anything here unless permission has been given by the writer. 

I have been reading about temperance 
in the Messenger and in the Sunday- 
school lessons. There is not enough of it. 
The Christian churches are to blame for 
our having this evil. If the people of 
every local church in the nation would 
serve notice on their representatives in 
Congress that liquor had to go we would 
get something done. 

Why can't the Church of the Brethren 
take the lead and contact other denomina- 
tions. The evil is getting worse all the 
time. — C. E. Oaks, Osborn, Mo. 

• * • • 

I feel that we as Christian citizens owe 
it to our God and government constantly 
to voice our views when Christian prin- 
ciples are at stake. Therefore, is it pos- 
sible to have a small section of the Mes- 
senger devoted to this task of Informing 
us of the bills before Congress on which 
we should express our minds to our civil 
representatives? I know you have done 
this many times, but I desire a permanent 
place of advice where I can constantly 
learn what is the real need of the hour 
on which we should voice our views to 
our congressmen. 

From another brother who also is try- 
ing to serve as best he knows how. — 
George D. Weybright, Syracuse, Ind. 

• • • • 

Perhaps It is time that I should write 
my opinions about this great issue — Is 
Peace Possible? 

I came upon Our Young People's pa- 
per for Oct. 5, and that story, Brethren, 
Here Is Your History, by Frances Elsan, 

constrains me to put Into words my 

If these men and women of the past 
could submit to all the violence and 111 
treatment they were compelled to meet 
with in order that the "Brethren way of 
living" might survive It makes me won- 
der if we have enough zeal for the 
church and what she stands for. I am 
inclined to believe that the least we can 
do in bur age is to promote the peace 
program. Is not the matter of going to 
war forever settled in our hearts when 
we accept Christ? If so, then our ac- 
tions will have to be in favor of peace, 
for Christ Is the Prince of Peace. Would 
to God Elder John Kline could have lived 
in our day! Perhaps some of us would 
hide our heads in shame. We have two 
little boys: one twelve, the other ten. 
I am trying to believe they will have 
enough schooling on the peace Issue to 
know where they stand when the trial 
comes. Our prayer Is that men will out- 
law war for all time. — Mrs. Robert Bare- 
foot, Alum Bank, Pa. 

• * * • 

I received the Gospel Messenger yester- 
day. I stopped work a few minutes 
while I read it. Now I am not good at 
expressing what I think on paper but I 
sincerely want to thank every one who 
takes a stand against alcohol, divorce, 
tobacco, comic books, picture shows, 
beauty parlors, etc. I have never lived 
where alcohol was allowed until 1933. It 
is terrible. I worked for prohibition as 
I now try to work against evil in any 
of these forms. I vote prohibition al- 
ways. — Mrs. Ethel Smith, Leesville, La. 

press to the creation of a peace 
library, the production of new 
school textbooks, and, on the part of 
experts, a study of war's psychologi- 
cal causes. — Worldover Press. 

Home Missions Council Asks 
Chiirches to Combat Anti- 

Unless anti-Semitism is combated 
by the Christian churches of Amer- 
ica, this country will "crumble and 
disintegrate" as did the ancient re- 
gimes in Egypt, Babylon, the Ro- 
man Empire, and Spain, the Com- 
mittee on the Christian Approach 
to the Jews of the Home Missions 
Council of North America declared 
in a statement released recently. 

Those nations and Czarist Russia 
and Hitler's Germany rose to power 
and a relatively high degree of cul- 
ture and civilization, only to "totter 
and fall" because of a disintegra- 
tion preceded, if not actually caused, 
by a period of anti-Jewish preju- 
dice and persecution, the statement 

America, however, is able through 
its churches, the statement contin- 
ued, "to combat and to prevent the 
encroaching anti-Semitism which 
no'W threatens." Establishment of 
friendly relations, goodwill and co- 
operation between Jews and Chris- 
tians may save America's "soul and 
assure her future as well as lead 

the world out to a new day of 
neighborliness which shall include 
all peoples." 

Describing the United States as 
the "center of gravity of world 
Jewry," the statement asserted that 
"what American Jewry will think 
and do is largely contingent on 
what Christian America thinks and 
does with reference to the Jews, 
and what Christian America thinks 
and does regarding the Jews will 
and can be determined by the 

Richmond ^^niste^8 Hold Mar- 
riage Counseling Conference 

One hundred Richmond minis- 
ters, representing every Protestant 
denomination of any size in the 
city, attended an all-day conference 
to hear discussions of the problems 
of marriage and to formulate a pro- 
gram to combat the growing divorce 
rate by wise premarital and post- 
marital counseling. 

Findings of the conference will be 
carried back to the Richmond Min- 
isterial Union, which sponsored the 
project, for further discussion and 

Judge J. Hoge Ricks, of the Ju- 
venile and Domestic Relations 
Court, urged that the union estab- 
lish a counseling service to which 
he could refer young persons with 
no religious affiliation who come 

into his court. He said in his opin- 
ion the real causes of divorce are 
drinking, gambling, selfishness, 
pride, the lack of moral and reli- 
gious influence in the lives of peo- 
ple, and hasty and ill-advised mar- 

Missions Head Scores Segrega- 
tion in Churches 

Racial segregation within the 
Protestant churches has become so 
widely accepted as the normal pat- 
tern that common fellowship be- 
tween white and colored Christians 
is almost impossible, Dr. Mark A. 
Dawber, executive secretary of the 
Home Missions Council of North 
America, told a study group of 
church and mission executives at 
Silver Bay, N. Y., recently. 

While Negroes are not absolutely 
barred by rule from white congre- 
gations, said Dr. Dawber, the re- 
sentment that exists is such as to 
make their attendance at worship 
services extremely unlikely. 

Even theological seminaries and 
schools for training Christian 
workers are frequently operated on 
a segregated basis, he declared. 
"My own denomination, for in- 
stance, is preparing to raise a large 
fund to build or enlarge a seminary 
for Negro preachers while at the 
same time there are seminaries for 
white preachers that have ample 
room which could be used by Ne- 
groes," he said. 

"How much good might be done," 
Dr. Dawber asked, "if white and 
colored ministers took their train- 
ing together. They might learn to 
like each other." 

Brotherhood News . . . 

District Conference oi Southeast- 
ern Kansas 

The 1946 district conference of 
Southeastern Kansas convened in 
the Mont Ida church on Oct. 25-28. 
The moderator was Cleo C. Beery, 
the reading clerk, J. L. Mohler, the 
writing clerk, J. A. Strohm. 

Brethren Harvey Hostetler and 
James Elrod led us into some deep 
spiritual thinking. Bro. Hostetler 
gave the missionary address on 
Sunday. The missionary confer- 
ence offering was considerably over 
last year's offering. Bro. L. A. 
Walker, pastor of the Independence 
church, gave a splendid address on 
Sunday evening. 

At the business session it was de- 
cided to change the time of our 
business session from Monday to 
Saturday. Brethren Delvis Brad- 

JANUARY 4. 1947 


shaw and Byron Talhelm were 
chosen moderator for 1947 and 
writing clerk respectively. Bro. J. 
A, Strohm will be the Standing 
Committee delegate; Bro. K. E. 
Loshbaugh is the alternate. Roy 
Neher was chosen by the men's 
group as head of the district men's 
work. The conference of 1947 is to 
convene in the Independence 

We missed the faces of five of our 
elders who were unable to be with 
us. The Mont Ida church carfed for 
the needs of the conference splen- 
didly. — J. A. Strohm, district writ- 
ing clerk, Redfield, Kansas. 

Missouri Men Farm Com Together 

Last spring the men of the Platts- 
burg church of Northern Missouri 
rented seventeen acres of corn 
ground. The landlord had hired the 
ground plowed the previous fall, 
and to rent the ground the men's 
organization had to pay the $68.00 
plowing bill plus $17.80 for the seed. 
Weather conditions were not in our 
favor and the first day we got to- 
gether to plant the field we were 
rained out in two hours. Part of 
the field was replanted with a poor 
stand after the second planting. 
This cut the yield considerably. In 
addition, one of the boys who had 
returned from C.P.S. plowed up 
100 hills of watermelons the min- 
ister had planted! The corn was 
picked early and sold. Net pro- 
ceeds for the men's organization 
was $468.79 plus enough corn to 
fed the pastor's chickens for a 
year. This amounted to a net re- 
turn of twenty dollars per man per 
day spent on the project. No 
church should feel hesitant about 
undertaking such a project. Five 
members and the pastor were all 
that took an active part in the 
Plattsburg project; it was the first 
attempt of its kind for the men's 
work of that church. Now the men 
are eager to undertake other proj- 
ects.— Ira M. Hoover, Plattsburg, 

Women's Work of Eastern 

The women of the Eastern Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania met in the 
Lancaster church, Pa., on Sept. 26. 
The theme for the day was Christ, 
the Hope of the World. 

The devotional period in the morn- 
ing was in the charge of Mrs. Wm. 
Glasmire and Mrs. Clyde Weaver, 
in the afternoon of Mrs. Jacob Dick 
and Mrs. Wilfred Stauffer. 

Glimpses into the mission study 
book, India at the Threshold, were 

given by Mrs. A. G. Breidenstine. 
Mrs. Earl Flohr of New Windsor, 
Md., gave the message. Inasmuch, 
speaking about our relief work. 
Mrs. A. C. Baugher, our delegate 
to the Annual Conference, gave us 
an interesting report of the meeting 
at Wenatchee, Wash. Mrs. Anna 
Cassel and Mrs. John P. Mohler, 
who attended the Juniata workshop 
the last week in August, reported. 
The reading, The Two Mitts, was 
given by Mrs. Wilbur Garman. 

The following officers were elect- 
ed to serve for a term of three 
years: president, Mrs. J. Herbert 
Miller; secretary - treasurer, Mrs, 
Anna M. Hartman; director of mis- 
sions, Mrs. Elizabeth Martin; di- 
rector of Bible, Miss Martha Mar- 
tin; director of aid, Mrs. Anna Cas- 
sel; director of home builders, Mrs. 
A. C. Baugher; director of peace 
and temperance, Mrs. Mabel Myer. 

Mimeographed reports showed the 
giving to the national project, to 
the kitchen at Camp Swataira and to 
relief. Many of our sisters have 
helped in the canning of fruits and 
vegetables for relief. 

The offering of $416.50 was divid- 
ed equally between the American 
Bible Society and cereal and dried 
milk for relief. — ^Anna M. Hartman, 
secretary-treasurer, Annville, Pa. 

Fifty-eighth Wedding Anniversary 
Celebrated by Western Pioneers 
Elder and Sister H. H. Keim cele- 
brated their fifty-eighth wedding anni- 
versary on Oct. 9, at their home in 
Nampa, Idaho, with relatives and friends 
present. The couple was married on Oct. 
9, 1888, at Ladoga, Ind. Before moving 
to Nampa they lived in Pennsylvania. 
Indiana and Oregon. Since 1916 Bro. 




Keim and his family have lived in Nam- 
pa, Idaho. He served as mayor of Nam- 
pa from 1919-1921, has been an active 
member of the retail merchants' associa- 
tion and was a member of the school 
board for several years. 

Both Brother and Sister Keim have 
been long-time members of the Church of 
the Brethren. Sister Keim served as 
teacher of the first organized Sunday- 
school class in Nampa. Bro. Keint ^rved 
in the free ministry for about fifty years. 
He served the Newberg, Portland, Mabel, 
and Myrtle Point churches in Oregon, 
and the Boise Valley church in Idaho as 
elder In charge; also the Bethel and Mt. 

Pleasant churches in Indiana before com' 
ing to Idaho. The Keims have had ten 
children, two of whom died in infancy. 
William, the oldest son, died at his Nam- 
pa home on Jan. 1, 1944. There are 
twenty-six grandchildren and five great- 
grandchildren. — ^Francis H. Barr, Nampa, 

Golden Wedding Celebrated in 
Indiana Church 

The North Winona church in Northern 
Indiana was the scene of a golden wed- 
ding celebration for Mr. and Mrs. Argus 
Whitehead on Nov. 23. A program and 
pageant was arranged and given by 
their four children and families, Mr. and 
Mrs. Glen Whitehead; Rev. and IVIrs. Per- 
ry L. Huffaker and sons Keith, David 
and John; Mr. and Mrs. Earl Whitehead 
and daughters, Eloise (Eberly), Marietta 
and Mr. and Mrs. Dale Whitehead and 
children, Donald, Norman, Deverle, Mur- 
vel and Joann. 

After appropriate music, a flower girl 
entered followed by the celebrating cou- 
ple. They came up the aisle and lighted 
the large family candle in center of 
stage. Then the children in turn from 
oldest to yovmgest came in and lighted 
candles from the family candle and placed 
them near by. These were followed by 
the in-laws and the grandchildren. Each 
person, as he lighted his candle, recited 
an appropriate verse in tribute to the oc- 
casion. As a climax of this pageant, 
Golden Light, the entire group of nine- 
teen folks joined voices in singing Home, 
Sweet Home. 

Following the pageant a vocal solo, 
Fifty Golden Years, was sung by P. L, 
Huffaker, its composer. 

Further special features of the pro- 
gram were given by Mrs. Eloise Eberly, 
Mrs. Glen Whitehead, Bro. WiUiam Eber- 
ly, Keith Huffaker, Marietta Whitehead, 
and Mrs. Lauree Whitehead Huffaker. 

This program was followed by golden 
thoughts in melody, favorite hynms and 
verbal tributes by many of the two him- 
dred friends gathered at the celebration. 
The meeting closed with the singing of 
Blest Be the Tie That Binds and the ben- 

On Sunday afternoon the couple held 
open house at their residence. They have 
lived in the same locality since their 
marriage fifty years ago and have been 
regvilar attendants at the North Winona 
church through these years. Their loy- 
alty to their church and their promotion 
of high family ideals were sources of 
inspiration to all who have known them 
through the years. — ^Perry L. Huffaker, 
McVeytown, Pa. 

Weddings . • . 

Bowerize-Egner. — ^Maurice Bowerize and 
Jeanette Egner in the Paradise Hill Unit- 
ed Brethren church, Sept. 29, 1946, by 
Rev. James Davis. — ^Kenneth I. Hartman, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Deavers-Randolph. — Howard Nelson Dea- 
vers and Helen Virginia Randolph, both 
of Harrisonburg, Va., in the LinviUe 
Creek parsonage, Nov. 30, 1946, by the 
undersigned. — Samuel D. Lindsay, Broad- 
way, Va. 

Green-Billz. — Edwin O. Green of Ply- 
mouth, Ind., and Geneva M. Biltz of Bre- 
men, Ind., Nov. 29, 1946, by the under- 
signed, in his home. — ^N. H. MUler, Bour- 
bon, Ind. 

Jahnson - Keeoer. — Carl Johnson and 
Phyllis Keener in the Highland Christian 
church, Ohio, Nov. 29, 1946, by Rev, 
Knowles, Cleveland, Ohio. — Kenneth I, 
Hartman, Ashland, Ohio. 

King-Weilsel. — ^Donald WiUiam King of 
Salemville, Pa., and Shirley Weitzel of 
Martinsburg, Pa., in the Clover Creek 
church, Nov. 28, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— I. B. Kensinger, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Klipstine-Overholser. — Richard Klipstine 
of Gettysburg, Ohio, and Evelyn Over- 
holser of Bradford, Ohio, Dec. 7, 1946, at 
the parsonage of the Oakland church, by 
the undersigned. — ^Moyne Landis, Gettys- 
burg, Ohio. 

P*tMMn - Kellw. — Robert W. Peterson 
and Marian Catherine Keller, both of 
Flora. Ind.. in the bride's home, Nov. 17, 
194«. by the undersigned.— Clarence D. 
Sink, Flora, Ind. 

Schulz - Poist«r. — Morris Schulz of 
Worthington, Minn., and Luella Polster 
of Morrill, Kansas, in the Morrill church, 
Oct. 10, 1946, by the undersigned. — Clar- 
ence D. Sink, Flora, Ind. 

Sollenber^er-Brumbaugh. — Emory Cletus 
Sollenberger and Margaret Brumbaugh, 
both of Williamsburg, Pa., at the home 
of the bride's father, Oct. 23, 1946, by the 
undersigned. — I. B. Kensinger, Martins- 
burg, Pa. 

Taylor-Boitnott.— William L. Taylor, Jr., 
of Rocky Mount, Va., and Elsie Boitnott, 
Boones Mill, Va., Nov. 30, 1946, at Boones 
Mill, Va., by the undersigned.— I. D. Hoy, 
Boones Mill, Va. 

Whisler-Maneral. — Samuel I. Whlsler of 
Fayette, Ohio, and Mrs. Hazel Maneval 
of Alvordton, Ohio, in the Little Brown 
Church, Nashua, Iowa, Dec. 6, 1946, by 
the minister in charge. — Pius Gibble, 
Fayette, Ohio. 

Yoder-Wagoner. — Morris L. Yoder and 
Virginia Wagoner, both of Flora, in the 
home of the bride's parents, Sept. 8, 1946, 
by the undersigned. — Clarence D. Sink, 
Flora, Ind. 

Zigler-Replogle. — George E. Zigler and 
Donna M. Replogle, both of Middlebury, 
Ind., in the Middlebury church, Dec. 3, 
1946, by the undersigned. — Homer A. 
Schrock, White Pigeon, Mich. 

Obituaries . . . 

Sallie K. Holsinger 

SaUie King Holsinger, daughter of Levi 
and Sarah King, was born March 15, 
1«78, in Berks County, Pa., and died 
May 30, 1946, at 
the home of her 
daughter, Ella, in 
Mount Joy, Pa. 

She was married 
to Harry R. Hol- 
singer, who preced- 
ed her in death 
thirty -r three years 
ago. To this union 
were born six 
daughters and one 
son, to whom she 
was a most devot- 
ed mother. One 
daughter preceded 
her in death. 
Besides her children she is survived by 
fifteen grandchildren, one sister, Deborah 
K. Reber, and two brothers, David and 
Milton F. King. 

She united with the church at an early 
age and remained loyal to its teachings 
throughout her life. 

Aunt Sally, as she was affectionately 
called, was a resident of Elizabethtown, 
Pa., for many years. She possessed a 
pleasant and charming personality. Her 
life was a benediction to all who knew 

Funeral services were held at the Mil- 
ler funeral home and burial was in the 
Mt. Tunnel cemetery, Elizabethtown, Pa. 
— Ella Holsinger Germer, Mount Joy, Pa. 
Alt, Glen Evers, was . born March 7, 
1907, and died Sept. 15, 1946. Early in 
life he united with the United Brethren 
Church. Funeral services were held at 
the home by Bro. P. I. Garber. — Gracie 
A. Shreve, Petersburg, W. Va. 

Bailey, Charles W., son of John S. and 
Flora Bailey, was born Nov. 14, 1877, and 
died Nov. 8, 1946. He married Ada Nimmo 
on May 1, 1900. Mr. Bailey is survived 
by his wife, six sons, two daughters and 
three brothers and sisters. Funeral serv- 
ices were held at the Lotz funeral home 
in Roanoke by A. J. Caricofe. assisted by 
Bro. J. S. Showalter. Interment was in 
the Red Valley cemetery near Wirtz, Va. 
— Verna Caricofe, Roanoke, Va. 

Baker, David N., was born Jan. 11, 1862. 
and died Nov. 13, 1946. He was a life- 
long resident of Fishing Creek Valley, Pa., 
and was a member of the Hanoverdale 



The January Brethren ^finisters' Book Club selection is . . . 


By Henry Sloane Coffin 

"The Public Worship of God is a source hook jor leaders of services 
of worship, with special interest for the minister. Following a chapter 
that eloquently states the goal of worship, Dr. Coffin reviews the history 
of different rituals; discusses the art of public worship; the composition 
of prayers and of sermons, and the choice of hymns. There is a growing 
interest in public worship and the committee feels that Dr. Coffins book. 
will greatly enrich the minister's resource material." 

See last week's Messenger, page 17, for initial statement. ■ --A $2.00 
book to ministers of the Church of the Brethren for $1.60. . . One hun- 
dred and seventy-three ministers now belong to the Brethren Ministers 
Book Club. . . . Those not members are invited to save time hunting 
books . . . save money buying books by joining the club. Send your name 
and address today. 


church. He is survived by his wife, Fi- 
delia Groflf Baker, five children, three 
stepchildren, sixteen grandchildren and 
twenty-four great-grandchildren. The fu- 
neral was held at the Fishing Creek Val- 
ley church by Brethren Thomas and Nor- 
man Patrick and Elder Hiram J. Fry- 
singer, and burial was in the adjoining 
cemetery. — Anna Mary Patrick, Hummels- 
town. Pa. 

Bales, William Granville, the son of 
Joseph and Sarah Ellen Modrell Bales, 
was born July 8, 1863, and died Nov. 24, 
1946, at the Bales hospital in CarroUton, 
Mo. On Feb. 11, 1885, he was married to 
Mary Ellen Bandy. To this union were 
born seven children, all of whom survive, 
together with fourteen grandchildren and 
fourteen great-grandchildren. Mrs. Bales 
preceded him in death on Feb. 18, 1943. 
He became a member of the Church of 
the Brethren forty years ago. Funeral 
services were held in the Wakenda church 
by the undersigned and burial was in 
the Wakenda cemetery. — Henry Mankey, 
Stet, Mo. 

Barrett, General James, was born Sept. 
24. 1860, in Delaware County, Ind., and 
died May 27, 1946. When he was a small 
child his parents moved to Kansas, where 
he lived his remaining life. In 1885 he 
was married to May Brown, who died in 
1924. Later he was married to Viola Mae 
Morris. He is survived by his wife, one 
daughter, three grandchildren and two 
great-grandchildren. He was a member 
of the Church of the Brethren, serving 
the local congregation faithfully as a 
member of the trustee board over a 
period of many years. Funeral services 
were conducted by the writer, with burial 
in the Bethany cemetery. — C. C. Beery. 

Beachler, Dorothy Ritchey. wife of My- 
ron C. Beachler, died at the home of her 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Ritchey, Nov. 
20. 1946, at the age of twenty years. She 
is survived by her husband, one son, her 
parents, five sisters and one brother. 
She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren and during her high school 
period she was an active member in the 
B.Y.P.D. Funeral services were held at 
the Colonial chapel of the Estes-Leadley 
funeral home at Lansing, Mich., by the 
undersigned, and interment was in the 
Mt. Hope cemetery at Lansing. — Walter 
M. Young, Lansing, Mich. 

Boerklrcher, Lena Neider, was born 
Aug. 28, 1881, at Kolstead, Germany, and 
died Nov. 3, 1946. She came to America 
with her parents and one brother in May 
1884. She was united in marriage to 
Carl Boerklrcher on Feb. 12, 1908, at Lone 
Star. Kansas. To this union were born 
three sons and four daughters. She was 
a member of the Methodist Church until 
September 1942, when she united with 
the Church of the Brethren at Washing- 


ton Creek and remained in that faith 
until her death. Surviving relatives are 
two sons, four daughters, five grandchU- 
dren, six brothers and three sisters. Fu- 
neral services were held at the Rumsey 
funeral home at Lawrence, Kansas.— 
Ralph M. Hodgden, Conway Sprmgs, Kan- 
sas. J! T r. 

Bowser, Kathrene M., daughter of John 
and Julia Ashworth, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Va., March 15, 1882, and died 
Nov. 28. 1946. She was united in mar- 
riage to Harry C. Bowser on June 10, 
1907 and to this union were born wo 
sons. She and her husband were called 
to the office of deacon in 1923, and in 1927 
were called to the ministry. Funeral 
services were held at the Eversole church 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. Clarence 
Priser Interment was in the Eversole 
cemetery.— J. Oliver Deering. Brookville. 
Ohio. . „ .. 

Coffman, Joseph O.. son of the late 
John J. and Barbara Knupp Coffman, 
died at his home near Timberville, Va., 
Nov 28, 1946, at the age of sixty-six years. 
He is survived by his wife, two sons. tw» 
sisters and two brothers. The funeral 
was held from the Timberville church, 
where he had held his membership since 
boyhood, by the writer, assisted by Rob- 
ert D. Hoover and L. M. Glower, and in- 
terment was in the Timberville cemetery. 
—Samuel D. Lindsay, Broadway, Va. 

Collins, C. John, was bom in Indiana 
Aug. 30, 1872, and died Nov. 28, 1946. at 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Forest Nichols 
in Auburn, Ind. On Nov. 25, 1936, he was 
married in La Porte to Mrs. Anna B. 
Gibbs, who survives. He was at one time 
a minister of the Church of the Brethren 
but was unable to continue in the min- 
istry because of poor eyesight. He is 
survived by one daughter, three grand- 
children, two great-grandchildren, three 
sisters and one brother. Funeral services 
were held at the La Porte church by Bro. 
Kenneth W. Murphy, and burial was in 
the Pine Lake cemetery. — Mrs. Mary B. 
Cross. La Porte. Ind. 

Countryman, Amy, the daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. John Tennis, was born in Three 
Oaks, Md., Nov. 8, 1872, and died Dec. 1, 
1946. Her husband, Andrew Countrj-man. 
preceded her in death twenty-two years 
ago. She was a member of the Church 
of the Bretliren. She is survived by two 
brothers and two sisters. Funeral servic- 
es were held at the Haverstock chapel by 
Bro. Kenneth W. Murphy, and burial was 
in the Pinhook cemetery.— Mrs. Mary B. 
Cross, La Porte. Ind. 

Forney, Emma Stauffer, was bom July 
2, 1866, near Mastersonville. Pa., and died 
Sept. 25, 1946. She became a member of 

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the Chiques church in her early teens 
and had been a faithful member. She 
was married to Monroe B. Forney, who 
preceded her in death in 1939. To them 
were bom six children, four of whom sur- 
vive, together with seventeen grandchil- 
dren and five great-grandchildren. Fu- 
neral services were held in the Florin 
church by Brethren Abram and Harry 
Eshleman, and interment was in the 
Chiques cemetery.— Mrs. Edyth B. Stauf- 
fer, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

GUlenwalezs, Alice Brice, daughter of 
Abram and Susan Molsbee, was bom in 
Hawkins County, Tenn., April 15, 1869, 
and died Nov. 5, 1946. She was married 
to Bob Brice in 1888, and to this union 
were born one son and three daughters. 
Her husband, one son and two daughters 
preceded her in death. After the passing 
of Mr. Brice, she was married to W. S. 
Gillenwaters, who also preceded her in 
death. She was a member of the Cedar 
Grove church. She is survived by one 
daughter, two granddaughters, two sisters 
and one brother. Funeral services were 
held from the home by her pastor, Bro. 
Glenon Brown, assisted by Bro. Ray Wine. 
Burial was in the family cemetery. — Mrs. 
C. W. Clark, Rogersville, Tenn. 

Grif^th, David Cline, was bom in North 
Carolina and was instantly killed by a 
truck at Exton, Pa., on Oct. 18, 1946. He 
is survived by his wife, Naomi, three 
sons, two daughters, eleven grandchildren 
and two great-grandchildren. He was a 
member of the Jennersville church, hav- 
ing formerly been a minister of the 
church. Funeral services were conducted 
in the Mauger funeral home at Malvern, 
Pa., by his pastor, the undersigned, and 
burial was in the Oxford, Pa., cemetery. 
— J. Stanley Earhart, West Grove, Pa. 

Hall, Martha E., daughter of Emmert 
and Ada Brumbaugh Stayer, was bom in 
Inglewood, Calif., Oct. 26, 1909, and died 
Nov. 24, 1946. She became a member of 
the Church of the Brethren when she was 
twelve years of age. She was married 
to Ernest E. Hall on Jime 30, 1931. To 
this union were born three children, all 
of whom survive together with her hus- 
band, three sisters, one brother and her 
mother. Funeral services were held at 
the Pierce Brothers Monterey Park chapel 
by the Methodist minister, Rev. Ronald 
Meredith, of that city, assisted by Bro. 
Galen B. Ogden of the La Verne Church 




of the Brethren. Interment was in the 
Rose Hills Memorial Park. — Galen B. Og- 
den, La Verne, Calif. 

Harman, Cora AUce, daughter of Jesse 
and Sarah Cooper Harman, was bom near 
Harman, W. Va., Jan. 14, 1870, and died 
Feb. 27, 1945, at the home of her sister. 
She imited with the Harman church at 
an early age and was a faithful member 
imtil death. She was correspondent for 
the Messenger for many years. She is 
survived by three sisters and one broth- 
er. Her father, mother and two brothers 
preceded her in death. Services were 
held at the home by Bro. Simon P. Har- 
mon, assisted by Bro. L. H. Mott. Inter- 
ment was in the family cemetery near 
Harman, W. Va. — Sara Mae Judy, Har- 
man, W. Va. 

Hess, Aaron I., the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Moses Hess, was born near Goshen, Ind., 
April 9, 1860, and died at his home Nov. 
14, 1946. In 1899 he was married to Anna 
B. Bussard of New Paris. Surviving are 
his wife, one daughter and one grandson. 
Bro. Hess Was a member of the West 
Goshen church. Funeral services were 
held at the home by Brethren M. D. Stuts- 
man and Sam Miller, and burial was in 
the Hess cemetery. — ^Edith Huber, Goshen, 

Kepp, George E., son of the late August 
and Sarah Dilling Kepp, was bom Oct. 3, 
1888, in White County, Ind., and died Dec. 
8. 1946. He united with the Pike Creek 
church when a child and was an active 
and devoted member until death. He was 
a member of the deacon board for sev- 
eral years and filled various other offices 
of the church. He was married to Wilda 
Smith on Dec. 2, 1916. To this union was 
born one daughter. He is survived by 
his wife, one daughter, one brother and 
three sisters. Funeral services were held 
in the Pike Creek church by the pastor, ' 
Bro. Jay Johnson, assisted by a former 
pastor and elder, Bro. Charles Oberlin. 
Interment was in the Riverview ceme- 
tery. — Edna Sickler, Monticello, Ind. 

McUlty, Lettie Judy, was born March 3, 
1892, and died Oct. 7, 1946. She was unit- 
ed in marriage to James McUlty, who 
preceded her in death on April 27, 1935. 
She is survived by four children, six 
brothers and two sisters. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren on Oct. 17, 
1914. Funeral services were held at the 
Bethel church by Bro. P. I. Garber, as- 
sisted by Bro. Calvin Harris of the Peters- 
burg church. — Gracie A. Shreve, Peters- 
burg, W. Va. 

MlUer, Jacob Paul, the son of the late 
Harvey and Tillie Saylor Miller, was bom 
July 1, 1901, in Meyersdale, Pa., and died 
Oct. 30, 1946, at his farm home near Salis- 
bury, Pa. He is survived by his wife, 
Maybelle Farner Miller. Funeral services 
were held at his home by his pastor, Bro. 
A. Jay Replogle, and Interment was in 
the Union cemetery near Meyersdale. — 
Mrs. P. S. Davis, Springs, Pa. 

Montgomery, Arba Zenas, was born 
Sept. 1, 1882, and died Dec. 2, 1946. He 
was a lifetime resident in the Bethlehem 
congregation near Boones Mill, Va., and a 
member of the church for over forty 
years. He is survived by his wife, Ida 
May Montgomery, two sons, two daugh- 
ters and ten grandchildren. Funeral serv- 
ices were held in the Bethlehem church 
by Elder E. E. Bowman and the under- 
signed, and burial was in the Bethlehem 
cemetery. — Oscar R. Fike, Boones Mill, 

NiU, Jacob, son of Solomon and Barbara 
Nill, was bom near Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 
9, 1874, and died at his home in McFar- 
land, Calif., Nov. 19, 1946. On May 17, 
1907, he was united in marriage with 
EsteUa B. Fry. To this union were bom 
one daughter and two sons. Bro. Nill is 
survived by his wife, two sons, two broth- 
ers and two granddaughters. One broth- 
er, one sister and his daughter preceded 
him in death. Bro. NUl united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1888 at the age 
of fourteen. In 1910 he was elected to 
the office of deacon. He became a charter 
member of the church here in McFarland 
at the time of its organization in 1912 and 
was elected to serve as the first clerk of 
the congregation. Funeral services were 
held by the undersigned in the McFarland 
church, and burial was in the Delano 
cemetery, CaUf. — John I. CofCman, Mc- 
Farland, Calif. 

Rhudy, William Samuel, son of Ellas 
and Caroline Morrison Rhudy, was bom 
near Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 31, 1874, and 
died Nov. 15, 1946. He was united in mar- 
riage to Mary Loretta Kent in 1902. To 
this union were born five children. Sur- 
viving are his wife, three sons, one daugh- 
ter, two grandchildren, three sisters and 
one brother. He xmited with the New 
Hope church near Jonesboro thirty years 
ago and was a faithful member until the 
end. Funeral services were held at the 
Fairview church by Brethren A. M. 
Laughrun and Niles Hllbert, and burial 
was in the cemetery near by. — ^Mrs. Gpy 
Harris, Jonesboro, Tenn. 

Shull, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of the 
late Daniel and Barbara Rawley Cupp 
and wife of the late Joseph R. Shull, was 
born in Ottobine, Va., May 28, 1860, and 
died Oct. 15, 1946, at the home of her 
daughter in Arlington, Va. She is sur- 
vived by four daughters, seven sons, 
twenty grandchildren and seven great- 
grandchildren. She became a member of 
the Church of the Brethren early in hfe. 
Funeral services were held at the Briery 
Branch church by her pastor, Bro. I. J. 
Garber, and interment was in the ceme- 
tery near by. — ^Ruth F. Miller, Dayton, Va. 

Smith, Elizabeth, daughter of Hillery 
and Susan Horning, was born near Leb- 
anon, Ohio, Aug. 18, 1857, and died Nov. 
7, 1946, at the home of her daughter in 
Greenville, Ohio. On Nov. 17, 1877, she 
was married to John J. Smith, who pre- 
ceded her in death in 1925. To this union 
were born six children, two having died 
in infancy. She is survived by three sons, 
one daughter, eleven grandchildren, sev- 
en great-grandchildren and one brother. 
When quite young she united with the 
Church of the Brethren, to which she re- 
mained faithful until the end. Ten days 
before her death she was anointed by her 
pastor. Elder James M. Moore, who also 
preached the funeral services which were 
held at the Greenville church. Burial 
was in the Greenville cemetery. — Susie M. 
Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Sperline, Minnie Maude, the daughter 
of Leon and Amanda Phillippi, was bom 
Sept. 7, 1882, at Morrill, Kansas, and died 
on July 6, 1946. She was united in mar- 
riage with John C. Sperline on Nov. 29, 

1900, at Sabetha, Kansas. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren in 1902 
in Kansas and was an active member of 
the church, serving in women's work and 
elsewhere until the time of her death. To 
this home were born thirteen children, 
three of whom preceded their mother 
in death. She is survived by her hus- 
band, seven sons, three daughters, three 
brothers, two sisters, twenty-five grand- 
children and four great-grandchildren. 
Funeral services were held by the pastor, 
the undersigned, and interment was in 
the Memorial Park cemetery. — Charles E. 
Zunkel, Wenatchee. Wash. 

Staley, Loran, son of James and Lillie 
Phillips Staley, was bom June 1. 1932, in 
McCreary County, Ky., and died Nov. 
27, 1946. near Glendale, Ohio, as the re- 
sult of injuries incurred in falling from 
a moving truck. He is survived by his 
parents, ten brothers and three sisters. 
Funeral services were held at the Spaeth 
Brothers funeral home in Cincinnati by 
the writer, and interment was in the Wes- 
leyan cemetery near by. — Hugh Cloppert, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Strawderman, James S., died Nov. 29, 
1946, in the Harrisonburg, Va., hospital 
at the age of sixty-three years. He had 
been a member of the Unity congregation 
for many years. Surviving are his wife, 
four daughters, seven sons, twenty-six 
grandchildren and two sisters. The fu- 
neral was held from the Bethel church 
by the writer and Elder J. D. Huffman, 
and burial was in the cemetery adjoining 
the church. — Samuel D. Lindsay, Broad- 
way, Va. 

UUery, Risley O., the son of Martin L. 
and Lucinda Puterbaugh UUery, was bom 
near Greenville, Ohio, on May 6, 1879, and 
died at his home near Gettysburg, Ohio, 
Nov. 18, 1946. He was united in mar- 
riage with Elsie Mann and to this union 
three children were bom. In 1922 he 
united with the Oakland church. He was 
preceded in death by one son and one 
daughter. He is survived by his wife, 
one daughter and two granddaughters. 
The funeral was held at the Oakland 
church by the undersigned, and burial 
was in the Greenville cemetery. — Moyhe 
Landis, Gettysburg, Ohio. 

Willis, Luella, daughter of Charley and 
Cecile Garrison Kime, was bom near 
Cavendish, Idaho, Jan. 11, 1926, and died 
Nov. 9, 1946, at Oregon City, Oregon. She 
was a granddaughter of Bertha Garrison 
Lehman. Funeral services were held in 
the Holman-Hankins-Rilance parlors of 
Oregon City, Oregon, by the undersigned. 
— B. J. Fike, Portland, Oregon. 

Wine, Samuel Luther, son of the late 
Daniel A. and Eliza J. Wine, was born 
Sept. 6, 1874, at Briery Branch, Va., and 
died Aug. 27, 1946, at the home in which 
he had resided his entire life. On Feb. 
26, 1899, he was united in marriage to 
Annie F. Wright of Spring Creek. He is 
survived by his wife, two daughters, two 
sons, nineteen grandchildren and six 
great-grandchildren. He became a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren in 
early youth and was a loyal, devoted and 
faithful member. He served as superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school for eighteen 
years, as teacher of the adult class, as 
member of the pastoral board and as 
member of the nominating and finance 
committees. For fifteen years he served 
as manager for one of the branch stores 
of the Spring Creek Mercantile Company. 
Funeral services were held at the Sanger- 
vlUe church by his pastor, Bro. I. J. Gar- 
ber, assisted by Brethren J. M. Foster, 
C. A. Click and M. G. Sanger, and inter- 
ment was in the family plot in the near- 
by cemetery. — Mrs. A. L. Weaver, Bridge- 
water, Va. 

Announcements . . . 

Pacific Coast— Modesto. Jan. 25. 

Oregon— Portland, Jan. 9-12. 
Washington— Ellisforde, Jan. 15-19. 

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Wralchiord, Mary Catherine, was bom 
Feb. 18, 1859, and died Nov. 26, 1946. She 
was united in marriage to John K. 
Wratchford, who preceded her in death 
on July 26. 1929. She lived a faithful 
Christian life. Funeral services were held 
at the Brake church by Bro. P. I. Garber. 
— Gracie A. Shreve. Petersburg, W. Va. 

Zlegler, Glenn M., the son of Norman 
and Ruth Ziegler, was born in September 
1930, and drowned while swimming on 
June 29, 1946. Glenn attended the Indian 
Creek church and Sunday school. Fu- 
neral services were held in the Indian 
Creek church by Bro. A. A. Price, and 
interment was in the adjoining cemetery. 
— J. Wilford Price, Harleysville, Pa. 

Church News . . . 


ChowchUla. — Our regular quarterly 
council was held Nov. 16, at which time 
Bro. Willard McDaniel was ordained to 
the ministry by Bro. Paul Studebaker of 
Modesto, head of the district ministerial 
board. Our elder, Bro. W. I. Liskey, of 
Raisin was also present. Since our pastor 
left in May. the church has been doing 
very nicely under the leadership of Bro. 
McDaniel but now he has gone to Bethany 
Biblical Seminary for the winter and 
spring terms and we are without a pas- 
tor. Bro. Earl Snader, under appoint- 
ment to China, was with us on Nov. 24. 
Anyone planning to change locations will 
find here a good place to live and a small 
but lively church. Sister Martha Shick, 
who is the district mission worker under 
the sponsorship of the women's work, has 
been here since the middle of October. 
She has been gathering children into the 
Sunday school and visiting in the homes. 
Women's work has made many comfort- 
ers and has collected clothing for relief. 
Recently the children of the Sunday school 
and their teachers had a party and packed 
Christmas boxes for children overseas. 
The Sunday-school offerings in the chil- 
dren's department for this year are being 
used to feed a heifer for relief, which was 
donated by Bro. Clarence Shimer, and to 
help our former pastor, Bro. R. Nance, 
who is attending Bethany Biblical Sem- 
inary. Last year the children's offerings 
were sent to Puerto Rico to buy milk for 
babies; Dr. Everett Myer of Puerto Rico 
has told of the work there as he and his 
family are spending some of their fur- 
lough here with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. 
C. I. Myer.— Mrs. H. J. McDaniel, Chow- 
chUla, Calif. 

Los An9*lM, Calvary. — Bro. H. L. Ruth- 
rauff and his wife assumed the pastorate 

of the Calvary church recently. A recep- 
tion and get-acquainted meeting was held 
on Sept. 15 to welcome them to the work. 
We are now having Sunday evening and 
midweek meetings. Both of these serv- 
ices are well attended. A large delega- 
tion attended the district meeting at La 
Verne in October, at which Pastor Ruth- 
rauff was a speaker. A Sunday-school 
rally was held on Oct. 6. Two of the 
adult classes are sponsoring weekly ad- 
vertising in the Los Angeles metropolitan 
newspapers to enable visitors to locate 
the church more easily and to keep dis- 
tant members aware of church activities. 
The annual home-coming was held on 
Nov. 10, with a basket dinner in the after- 
noon and communion in the evening. 
Bro. Harley Weybright was elected to 
head the deacon body. Bro. Paul L. Duke 
and his wife are spending a month at the 
New Windsor, Md., relief center as dis- 
trict representatives for B.S.C. The men's 
work project for providing shoe-repair 
machinery for the Modesto telief center 
was completed when over $700 was given 
by the men's work organizations of the 
district to complete the purchase. More 
than $200 has been received for the goats- 
for-relief program. The B.Y.P.D. is par- 
tially supporting a mission child, purchas- 
ing books for the church library and tak- 
ing steps to purchase a motion-picfui:e 
projector. An offering was taken for the 
supplemental pension fund. The ladies' 
aid netted a considerable sum from their 
annual bazaar on Nov. 14. We co-operat- 
ed in the recent city-wide church canvass 
for members of all denominations. Visita- 
tion following the canvass is complete and 
the preaching mission for Calvary is 
scheduled for Dec. 2-8. Bro. Ruthrauff, 
assisted by Bro. Wendell Brock, will con- 
duct the services. Steps are being taken 
to initiate a junior church program. Three 
new members await baptism. — Paul Lentz, 
Los Angeles. Calif. 

Payette Valley. — We met in council on 
Oct. 6. with our elder, Bro. E. J. Glover, 
presiding. We are planning to make 
some improvements in our church base- 
ment this fall. Our fall love feast was 
held Oct. 16 with a goodly number pres- 
ent. There were two baptized that eve- 
ning, making a total of three since our 
last report. Our ladies' aid is busy can- 
ning and sewing for relief. Bro. Neff has 
been giving us some very inspiring mes- 
sages. Our church joined in a union 
Thanksgiving service. — Gertie Grimes, 
Payette, Idaho. 

JANUARY 4. 1947 



we have 

some more 





in blue cloth 
binding at $2.00 each 
first come . . . first 



Dixon. — Our regular, business meeting 
was held recently; at this time our Sun- 
day-school and church officers were elect- 
ed for the coming year. We gave a fare- 
well party for our pastor, Bro. William E. 
Thompson, and his family, who have 
served us faithfully for fourteen years. 
We presented them with a floor lamp and 
a purse of money. The Thompsons gir? 
not leaving our city, however, but are 
now living in their own home here. On 
Oct. 6 our new pastor and his wife. Broth- 
er and Sister Donald Rowe, Were installed 
into office with Bro. H. L. Hartsough of- 
ficiating. In the evening we had our com- 
munion service. On Oct. 21 Bro. Leland 
Nelson of Girard, 111., began a two weeks' 
revival meeting. On Thanksgiving Day 
our new pastor, Bro. Eowe, conducted 
services in our church. — Miss Mary Un- 
derwood, Dixon, 111. 

Pleasanl Grove.^Our church met in 
council on Nov. 24, with Bro. Sherman 
Shoemaker presiding in the absence of 
our elder. We voted to retain our present 
officers another year. Bro. Ausby Swing- 
er is our elder and Bro. Sherman Shoe- 
maker is our pastor. We held our love 
feast on Nov. 9 with Bro. Ausby Swinger 
presiding. Our women's work sent a box 
of toys to the children in Puerto Rico. 
We have preaching service on the second 
and fourth Sundays of each month with 
the B.Y.P.D. meeting in the afternoon. — 
Mrs. Ulrey, Christopher, 111. 

Polo. — Our new pastor, Bro. Wayne 
Crist, was honored at a reception on Oct. 
18. Just before the program began, the 
Brethren service truck arrived and the 
men loaded 1,789 quarts of canned food 
and three large boxes of clothing on it. 
Bro. Crist and Bro. John Heckman at- 
tended the regional conference at Man- 
chester College. Harold Stauflfer is presi- 
dent of the men's work group which spon- 
sored the father and son banquet on Nov. 
22. About one hundred men were present 
to hear a fine address by Bro. Desmond 
W. Bittinger of the Gospel Messenger of- 
fice. On Oct. 27 Bro. William E. Thomp- 
son of Dixon, former pastor of the Polo 
church, conducted installation services 
for Bro. Crist. The B.Y.P.D. has conclud- 
ed a study of the twelve disciples. The 
work here is progressing nicely and there 



is a fine spirit of fellowship.— Ruth Krimi 
"Schmidt, Polo, 111. 


Anderson. — We are happy to report a 
100% Messenger club. Our pastor and his 
wife, Brother and Sister A. P. Mussel- 
man, are at New Windsor, assisting in 
the relief program. When our Sunday- 
school lessons were about Paul at Phi- 
lippi, Bro. Fred Morgan, who had gone 
with a boatload of cattle to Greece, gave 
an interesting talk about that city and 
showed a stone which he got as a relic. 
His brother John will return soon from a 
similar trip. Our ladies' aid society has 
been a great help to the church, faith- 
fully serving for many years. They have 
made substantial contributions to Bethany 
Hospital, Manchester College, Brethren 
service and many other worth-while and 
needed objectives. Our Sunday school is 
increasing in attendance and interest un- 
der a fine corps of officers and teachers. 
— J. S. Alldredge, Anderson, Ind. 

Bethany. — Sister Anna Warstler was 
with us on Sept. 29. Bro. C. D. Bbnsack 
of Elgin held a series of meetings for us 
Oct. 13-27. As a result five were baptized. 
Sister Lois Sherman of New Paris led the 
singing. Our love feast was held Nov. 2, 
with Bro. Leo Miller of South Whitley of- 
ficiating. Bro. Miller stayed with us and 
delivered the Sunday morning message. 
Breakfast was served at the church. Dr. 
Howard Bosler of Africa was with us on 
the evening of Nov. 17, at which time an 
offering was lifted for the leper colony. 
We held a Thanksgiving program on the 
evening of Nov. 24. ^ The aid has accom- 
plished much work this year. — Mrs. Ber- 
tha B. Wey bright, Syracuse, Ind. 


Ivester. — ^We welcomed our new pastor, 
Bro. H. H. Keim, Jr., and his family on 
the first Sunday in September. He was 
installed during the morning service by 
Bro. W. O. Tannreuther of South Water- 
loo. Following a basket dinner there 
was an afternoon service in honor of 
Brother and Sister Lyle Albright and Sis- 
ter Imojean Frantz, who was soon to leave 
to join her husband, Bro. Merlin Frantz, 
in Italy. Our young people who were 
leaving for college were also recognized 
at this service. The B.Y.P.D. has made 
many pounds of soap for relief. They 
sponsored a moving picture. The Cou- 
rageous Mr. Penn, on Oct. 19 and gave a 

fine presentation of The Lost Chvirch on 
Nov. 10. The women's organization did a 
great amount of canning during the sum- 
mer and fall and has been busy sewing 
for relief. The sectional women's rally 
was held here Oct. 16,. with Sister Eliza 
Miller and Sister Ruth Shriver as the 
speakers. A men's work group was or- 
ganized following a father and son ban- 
quet on Nov. 7. On the evening of Oct. 
13 J. E. Johnston of the Prentiss Institute 
of Prentiss, Miss., spoke to us on the ed- 
ucation of Negroes in the South. The W. 
C.T.U. observed family night in October. 
The church met in council on Oct. 3. On 
Oct. 6 we observed World-wide Commun- 
ion Sunday in an impressive candlelight 
communion service. — Mrs. Oscar R. Slifer, 
Sr., Conrad, Iowa. 

Kansas Cily. — We held our love feast on 
Nov. 3. Two members have been added 
to the church by baptism and one by let- 
ter since our last report. The women's 
work sent fifteen Christmas packages to 
Europe and Asia and eighty-seven pounds 
of presents for Puerto Rico. The last 
shipment of regular relief goods sent from 
the church totaled 2,127 pounds. The 
Sunday-school officers and teachers have 
been attending a traming school sponsored 
by the council of churches. — ^Mrs. C. W. 
Guyer, Kansas City, Mo. 

New York 
Lake Ridge. — ^At our quarterly council 
meeting Bro. H. D. Jones was elected 
elder for the coming year. Our pastor, 
Bro. Robert F. Eshleman, has been bring- 
ing us inspiring and doctrinal messages. 
He is continuing graduate study at Cornell 
again this year. Our ladies' aid meets the 
first Thursday of every month. A car- 
load of women from our church attended 
the district women's work meeting held 
at the Lancaster church. Pa., in Septem- 
ber. The men's work group has been 
doing repair and clean-up work around 
the church and parsonage. The Berean 
Bible class has conducted several Sunday 
evening worship programs with each 
member of the class participating. Two 
were baptized and one was reconsecrated 
at the close of our evangelistic meeting 
which was held by Bro. W. C. Sell of Mt. 
Pleasant, Pa., Oct. 27 — Nov. 3. Our love 
feast was held on the evening of Nov. 3. 
We co-operated in a union harvest and 
Thanksgiving festival for the Southern 
Cayuga Larger Parish on the afternoon 
of Nov. 24. The combined choirs of the 
different churches sang. The offering is 
to be used for the heifer project. To 
date, our church has two heifers and one 
calf for relief. We would be glad to re- 
ceive the names and addresses of Breth- 
ren families livmg in the Fmger Lakes 
region who are not now affiliated with 
the church and also the names and ad- 
dresses of Brethren students attending 
Cornell University. Send them to Bro. 
Rolland Flory, 114 Summit Street, Ithaca, 
N. Y., or Robert F. Eshleman, King Ferry, 
N. Y.— Ruth Nedrow Tvoraha, Ithaca, N.Y. 

North Dakota 
Cando. — Our ladies' aid is very active. 
We have sent several hundred pounds of 
relief clothing and have made several 
comforters for relief. We have one car- 
load of cattle ready to send. Several of 
our members and our pastor, Ernest Walk- 


Relocation Service . . . 

This column is conducted as a service to 
our people. We reserve the right to edit 
and reject. Since we cannot investigate 
each item no responsibility is assumed by 
the Gospel Messenger or Brethren Service. 
When answering write Brethren Service 
Committee, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., re- 
ferring to notice by number. Allow at 
least three weeks for a notice to appear. 

No. 204. Good farm job for a young man 
in the Kansas City area. Good commu- 
nity, schools, church. 

er, are going with the cattle. We had 
our church redecorated by putting In 
stained glass windows and revamishing 
the floor. We also purchased a piano. We 
had our harvest meeting on Oct. 13, with 
Bro. Sylvan Stemen of Carrlngton as our 
guest speaker. The offering of flfty-four 
dollars was sent to home missions. We 
held a union fellowship supper, with Rev. 
Mark Gress of Neche, N. Dak., as the 
speaker. The two Sunday schools gave 
a farewell party for our minister, Ernest 
Walker. We presented him with a brief 
case. He is leaving this week to go over- 
seas, and will enter Bethany after the 
first of the year. — Mrs. V. Cartwrlght, 
Cando, N. Dak. 

Cast Chippewa. — Since our last report, 
seventeen have been added to the church 
by baptism and three by letter, and one 
letter was granted. Our church was rep- 
resented at the various camps at Camp 
Zion this past season. Our Sunday-school 
enrollment now stands at 181. We are 
looking forward to the time when we can 
enlarge our church as more room is badly 
needed. Bro. McFadden will continue as 
our pastor and elder. During our pastor's 
absence the pulpit was filled by Brethren 
Carl Hochstetler, John Detrick and D. E. 
Brubaker. David Amstutz, one of our 
young brethren, gave a report of his ex- 
periences while accompanying a cattle 
boat to Europe. Brother and Sister Mc- 
Fadden have recovered from their recent 
accidents. We have four students at 
Manchester College, a brother working 
at New Windsor and a sister working at 
the Nappanee relief center. — Sarah 
Blough, Sterling, Ohio. 

Georgetown. — Our evangelistic services 
were conducted by Bro. J. A. Robinson 
recently. The attendance was very good 
and five young people were received into 
the church by baptism. At our regular 
business meeting on Sept. 7 the new 
Sunday-school and church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. S. A. 
Blessing was re-elected elder for two 
years. Three brethren and their wives 
were elected to the office of deacon. On 
Oct. 5 we held our regular fall love feast. 
Our sisters' aid have been busy collecting 
and preparing clothing and bedding for 
relief. Several comforters and thirty- 
one sewing kits were made. We canned 
257 large cans of corn for overseas ship- 
ment. A number of our people have 
helped evenings at the reUef center in 
Dayton. Bro. Arthur Oda and his son, 
Marlin, are leaving soon on a trip to Eu- 
rope with a boatload of cattle. The men's 
organization has recently purchased an 
electric clock for the church. — Mrs. El- 
mer Heck, Laura, Ohio. 

Reading. — Our business meeting was 
held recently with Bro. Diehm presiding; 
at this time officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh was 
elected elder. Bro. Dale Gibbony was 
our summer pastor for three months. His 
work was much appreciated. He is now 
attending Bethany. Bro. 1. R. Beery and 
his family, formerly of Bellefontaine, 
Ohio, have been secured as our pastors. 
Home-coming was held Sept. 29, with Bro. 
Beery and Sister Hazel Messer as the 
speakers. On Sept. 9 a couple from our 
Sunday schools were married in our 
church. Our women are quilting and have 
made dresses and jackets for relief. — Rena 
Heestand, Homeworth, Ohio. 

CUysburg. — Our pastor, Bro. C. L. Cox, 
and his wife attended the regional con- 
ference at Lebanon. At our quarterly 
council meeting Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the coming year. Our 
women's work organization has been 
holding monthly meetings with good at- 
tendance and an offering Is lifted for 
missions at each meeting. During the 
past year much sewing has been done and 
a large amount of clothing has been sent 
for relief. The men have contributed 
food packages to be sent to Europe. They 
were well represented at the district 
men's work meeting held at Lewistown on 

Our Church Paper in Brethren Church Life... 

1. We are in debt to the New Testament writers for what we know 
of Christ and early Christianity. 

2. The church of today profits greatly through the exchange of news 
and views as this can be done by means of the printed page. 

3. A small and scattered constituency like us Brethren needs to use 
every reasonable means to keep its members in touch with each 

4. Annual Conference helps in this respect, but our church paper 
is a more frequent and wider-reaching medium for touching Brethren 

5. As a church we are fortunate to have an official organ, the Gospel 
Messenger, going into over 46,000 Brethren homes. 

6. A comparison of Messenger circulation, Conference budget returns 
and Brethren service giving shows a similarity that is interesting. 

7. If it is good to have the Messenger in 46,000 Brethren homes, why 
not a circulation of 50,000 in the golden anniversary year? 

• The 100% Messenger Club Plan provides that in congregations where 100% of the 
resident family units receive the Gospel Messenger the rate will be $1.50 per subscription 
per year, cash with order. 

Subscribe now .... Organize your 100 per cent club now .... 

If more iniormcrtion is desired, please write 


Oct. 18. Our Sunday school was also 
well represented at the Sunday-school 
convention held in the Huntingdon church 
recently. During the pastor's absence In 
two evangelistic meetings the pulpit was 
filled by Brethren Clyde Bush, Dale Sny- 
der and Sheldon Snyder. On Sept. 23 
Bro. Howard Whitacre began a two weeks' 
evangelistic meeting in our church. As a 
direct result, eleven were received Into 
the church by baptism. One was baptized 
prior to the meetings. Our love feast 
was held on the evening of Oct. 6, with 
Bro. Whitacre ofHciating, assisted by Bro. 
Frank Brubaker emd the pastor. On the 
morning of Sept. 29 the pastor held an 
installation service for the newly elected 
Sunday-school officers and on Oct. 6 a 
consecration service was held for five 
babies and their parents. A union Thanks- 
giving service will be held in our church 
on the evening of Nov. 27 with Rev. H. C. 
Carolus, pastor of the Grace Reformed 
church, as speaker. — H. D. Miller, Clays- 
burg, Pa. 

Free Spring. — Our vacation Bible school 
was held in co-operation with the Cedar 
Grove Brethren in Christ church July 8- 
19. Rev. Harvey Lauver (Brethren In 
Christ) was superintendent, and Wilbur 
Bemer (Church of the Brethren) was sec- 
retary. Teachers were furnished by both 
churches. The offering of forty dollars 
was given for relief. The total attendance 
was 105 with an average of eighty. Forty- 
six pupils received awards for perfect at- 
tendance. The public program given on 
the last evening consisted of demonstra- 
tions of work which had been done in the 
various classes. The children were trans- 
ported by bus. We feel that this school 
was a great achievement in brotherly re- 
lations between the two denominations. 
Officers have been chosen for a school 
again next year. — Wilbur Benner, Mifflln- 
town. Pa. 

Huntingdon.— Bro. C. C. Ellis has been 
elected elder, succeeding Bro. H. H. Nye, 
who has served faithfully for sixteen 
years. Inasmuch as we have not yet suc- 
ceeded in securing a pastor, our former 
pastor, Bro. Tobias F. Henry, whose res- 
ignation became effective in September, 
has kindly continued to serve in that 

capacity in addition to his teaching work 
in Juniata College. A junior choir has 
been organized in the church. Our wom- 
en continue to sew and solicit clothing for 
relief. Twenty-two of our folks attended 
the district Sunday-school rally held in 
the Roaring Spring church on Nov. 15. 
The women's missionary society spon- 
sored a program on Nov. 13 using as a 
theme. Our Neighbors. Several college 
students from other countries represent- 
ing the peoples of those lands spoke help- 
fully about missions and conditions there. 
We are happy to have living here two 
missionary families. Brother and Sister 
Edward Angeny and their daughter, Car- 
ol, missionaries to China, and Brother 
and Sister Howard Alley and their daugh- 
ters, Thelma and Nina, now on furlough 
from the India field. A large number of 
the college students attend our services. 
— Mrs. Chester Shuler, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Lancaster. — ^The regular quarterly coun- 
cil meeting .was held recently. At this 
time church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected and a call was extended to 
Wayne H. Dick to become our pastor. 
Bro. Dick accepted and will take up his 
duties on April 1, 1947. During the in- 
terim W. E. Giasmire of Bareville, Pa., is 
the acting pastor. On Sept. 15 the men's 
work sponsored a rally at which the 
guest speaker was our new pastor. The 
district women's work meeting was held 
at our church on Sept. 28 with Mrs. Earl 
Flohr and Mrs. George Detweiler as the 
speakers. On Sept. 29 promotion day 
exercises for the Sunday school were 
held. Our fall communion was held on 
Oct. 6. Bro. Lester Schreiber of Klrkwood 
preached the morning service and Bro. 
R. W. Schlosser of Elizabethtown officiat- 
ed at the communion service in the eve- 
ning. Bro. H. H. Nye of Juniata College 
spoke on Oct. 13, Christian education day. 
At this time the new Sunday-school of- 
ficers and teachers were installed. In the 
evening the B.Y.P.D. held its traditional 
candlelight service, installing new offi- 
cers and members; Bro. Caleb Buclier 
was the speaker. On Oct. 17 the new Sun- 
day-school workers were the guests of the 

JANUARY A. 1947 


board of Christian education at a fellow- 
ship banquet. Bro. John Ebersole 
preached for us on the morning of Oct. 
20. In the evening the men's work spon- 
sored a program at which Rev. J. F. 
Bressler was the speaker. The B.Y.P.D. 
sponsored the evening service on Oct. 27^ 
with David Markey from Elizabethtown 
College as the speaker. Miss Esther 
Evans and Mrs. Charles Kohr gave a re- 
port of the Juniata workshop to the Sun- 
day-school teachers on Oct. 28. On Nov. 
10 the church held a welcome home pro- 
gram for the sixty-two men on our serv- 
ice roll.' One person has been baptized. 
Delegates to district meeting were Broth- 
er and Sister W. E. Glasmire and Brother 
and Sister Kenton Cox. — ^Mrs. M. Alexan- 
der Glasmire, Lancaster, Pa. 

Palmyra. — Our harvest - home service 
was held recently with Bro. Dean Frantz 
of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, as the speaker. 
We had a display of fruits and canned 
goods, which were given to Camp Swa- 
tara. Bro. Jesse Ziegler from Bethany 
Biblical Seminary spoke at the regular 
evening service. Our young people 
spent the afternoon and evening with the 
Fairview church. Sisters Anna Carper 
and Orpha Meyer were delegates to the 
Labor Day meeting at Elizabethtown. 
They presented our offering of $444.16 for 
Camp Swatara. On Sept. 12 Mrs. Weaver 
of Manheim, Pa., presented an illustrated 
address at the Sunday-school workers' 
conference. On Sept. 19 the mothers and 
daughters held a meeting. Each one at- 
tending was asked to bring two articles 
of food, clothing or soap for relief. Many 
of our members read letters of thanks 
which they had received from women and 
girls overseas. Three letters of member- 
ship were received and three letters were 
granted. On Oct. 2 we met in council 
with Elder F. S. Carper presiding. Elders 
Henry King and S. H. Wenger were pres- 
ent. Elder F. S. Carper was re-elected 
elder for a term of three years. We also 
elected delegates to district meeting and 
officers for the coming year. We re- 
ceived three letters of membership and 
one letter was granted. We had a query 
for the 1946 district meeting. On the aft- 
ernoon of Oct. 15 one was received into 
the church by baptism. Our revival was 
held Oct. 20— Nov. 3, with Elder H. L. 
Hartsough and his wife as the evangelists. 
As a result of these meetings, thirteen 
were baptized on Nov. 3 and one awaits 


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Comes to the Early Family 

By Desmond W. Bittinger 

Editor of the Gospel Messenger 

"A beautiful story of a Christian family, and 
especially of the four children, John, Evelyn, Bill 
and Ben, and of their pet lamb, SnowBall." The 
appropriate and charming illustrations were 
drawn by Zeta O. Rodgers. 
Here is a story of children's experiences in which many parents 
will find the answers to the questions they are being asked. -One 
father, who read the SnowBall book at a sitting, writes as follows: 
"It is a book which should be in every home where there are chil- 

Generous pages, easy-to-read type, substantially bound in blue 
cloth stamped in white. The 'pricz, $1.00 per copy. 


Please find enclosed dollars for ; copy(ies) of SnowBall 

Comes to the Early Family, by Desmond W. Bittinger, at $1.00 per copy. 


St. or R. D. 
P. O 





baptism. Our love feast was held Nov. 3, 
with Bro. Hartsough officiating. — ^Mrs. Ir- 
win A. AUwein, Palmyra, Pa. 

Quakertown. — On Sept. 2 the women 
met in the parsonage and canned seven- 
teen dozen quarts of peaches for relief. 
They are also working on comforters. On 
Sept. 3 the church met in council with 
Elder Ralph Jones in charge. We elected 
our Sunday-school, church and B.Y.P.D. 
officers. The pastor, Bro. Harper Snave- 
ly, has been elected as our B.Y.P.D. adult 
adviser. On Oct. 27 an offering, which 
amounted to $113.65, was lifted for the 
supplementary fund. On Oct. 20 our 
communion service was held. Two were 
received into the church by baptism. On 
Nov. 10 a group of young people from the 
Quakertown and Springfield churches 
chartered a bus to attend the district 
youth rally in the Brooklyn Italian 
church. On Nov. 17 Sister Anna Hutch- 
inson, missionary to China, will speak 
at our service. In the evening a youth 
rally will be held with Levi Ziegler, 
regional secretary, as the speaker. On 
Nov. .28 the annual Thanksgiving service 
will be held in our church with Rev. G. 
F. Yost, pastor of the Mennonite Brethren 
church, bringing the message. On Dec. 
1 Bro. Calvert Ellis of Juniata College 
will conduct an all-day Bible institute. — 
Mrs. Russell Rotenberger, Trumbauers- 
ville. Pa. 

Rockwood. — A young adult class has 
been organized and has given $141 to re- 
lief in the past year. The church is still 
giving to Brethren relief. Our ladies' aid 
made children's trousers and comforters 
for relief. The Rockwood church served 
as the collecting agency for the victory 
clothing drive for Rockwood and vicinity. 
Through the efforts and the help of our 
pastor, Bro. W. F. Berkebile, we will 
again have a 100% Messenger club. Seven 
new members were added to the church 
by baptism since our last report. Four 
deacons were elected and consecrated at 
a recent service. Officers and teachers 

for the church and the Sunday school 
were installed on Oct. 6. Our fall com- 
munion, which was held on Oct. 27, was 
the largest in attendance for several 
years. On Oct. 13 Bro. Levi Ziegler, re- 
gional secretary, delivered the morning 
address. — Mrs. Gillian B. Walker, Rock- 
wood, Pa. 

Mill Creek. — Bro. Rufus D. Bowman of 
Bethany Biblical Seminary conducted a 
series of services for us recently. Eleven 
young people were baptized as a result 
of the meetings. The young people of the 
Cooks Creek congregation presented the 
play, The House on the Sand, recently. 
Various organizations of the church have 
given a total of thirteen heifers for relief 
this year. We have also sent 920 cans of 
fruit, 252 pounds of rolled oats, 150 new 
garments, twenty-four comforters, some 
blankets and clothing to New Windsor. 
The Sunday-school and ministerial con- 
ference of the Northern District met in 
our church on Oct. 20; Brethren J. I. 
Baugher, president of Bridgewater Col- 
lege, and Minor M. Myers were the guest 
speakers. On the evening of Oct. 27 our 
communion service was held with Bro. M. 
R. Wolfe of Bridgewater officiating. Re- 
cent guest speakers at our church were 
Rev. Jack Farren of the U. B. Church, 
Rev. Paul R. Diehl, and Brethren J. I. 
Baugher, Arthur Long, and Earl Zigler. 
On Nov. 17 a musical program was given 
under the direction of Bro. James Moyers. 
The men of our church have recently or- 
ganized and have taken the pension plan 
as their project for the coming year. Our 
new pastor and his wife, Brother and Sis- 
ter Foster Bittinger, have come to take up 
their duties here. Bro. Bittinger brought 
the message on Thanksgiving Day and on 
Dec. 1 mstallation services for him 
were conducted by Brethren H. L. 
Hartsough and I. C. Sanger. Our Thanks- 
giving offering was $750. We have lost 
four members by death during the past 
year. — ^Novella Cline, Port Republic, Va. 

Gospel M essenger 

Volume 96 

JANUARY 11, 1947 

Number 2 



WE need not know any more about this mother than the picture tells us, to re- 
joice with her in her happiness. Her countenance reflects the ruddy color 
produced from open fields and hot stoves; it bears the marks of toil. Her 

dress is not of finespun material. But her eyes are alight and the smile on her face is 

genuine and broad. 

God has given her this little child to be her own. The lace cap, the embroidered 

skirt and the gaily-colored scarf which binds the child to her testify that here on her 

back is her ray of sun- 
shine, her joy of living. 
In spite of the ruggedness 
of her daily task God has 
been good to her, she 

She has brought her 
child to the church which 
stands before her. Here 
she hopes for help to 
bring it up aright. 

It makes little differ- 
ence whether these ma- 
donnas are white or black 
or any of the pigmenta- 
tions in between; God 
loves them all and he 
manifests his love for 
them most completely 
when he places in their 
arms these little ones 
whom they and he have 
created. Motherhood is 
life's crowning glory the 
world around, d. w. b. 

E. A. Pitshke from Gendreau 

Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
. husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, lU. as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

JANUARY 11, 1947 
Volume 96 Number 2 

yn I Lis Tlumbet ... 

Editorial — 

Madonnas (D.W.B.) 1 

Around the "World (E.W.) 2 

1 Wonder Why (D.W.B.) 3 

A Better Use for Battleships (D.W.B.) ... 3 

Inventory (E.W.) 3 

Thinking About the News (D.W.B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 

With Our Schools 17 

About Books < 24 

The General Forum — 

The Church in Thy House. Edward K. 

Ziegler 5 

About Intercession. Louise Stoltenberg 6 
Inspiration Point (Verse). H. M. Brubak- 

er 7 

He Wanted to Be a Disciple. Julia 

Graydon 8 

Man Is a Miracle 8 

The Testimony of a "Fool for Christ's 

Sake." Donald Royer 9 

Does Preparedness Really Prepare? 

John M. Swomley, Jr 10 

That Bible of Yours. E. E. Neiderheiser 12 
Meditation. Albert C. Wieand 12 

Home and Family — 

Changing Ways of Thinking. Wanda 

Robertson 13 

■ A Child's "Our Father." Mrs. Levi S. 

Shively 14 

Eighty Years Old (Verse). Ada Scro- 

gum 15 

Walking With God Today. Edward 

Krusen Ziegler 15 

Our Mission Work — 

White Caps. Lois Netzley Shull 18 

To Our Threshold. Clyde and Eleanor 
Carter 19 

Brethren Service — 

Practical Idealists Are Working in Flush- 
ing-Havendorp 20 

Brethren Women Aid St. Nicholas on 
Walcheren Island 20 

High Lights of the New Windsor Con- 
ference 21 

UNRRA Expresses Gratitude for Heifer 
Project 21 

Information and Inspiration 21 

The Church at Work — 

Preparing for Race Relations Sunday, 
Feb. 9. Foster Bittinger 22 

With the Minister. H. L. Hartsough ...23 
World Day of Prayer Material Available 23 


Estimates made by the National 
Education Association indicate that 
61,750 children are deprived of 
schooling this year and that 14,312 
teaching positions are vacant. 

One thousand food packages are 

being sent to Japanese by American 
Christians. These packages are be- 
ing delivered directly to Toyohiko 
Kagawa, who will distribute them. 

The New Mexico Association on 

Indian Affairs has distributed leaf- 
lets pointing out that 14,000 Navajo 
Indian children are without schools, 
and urging congressional action to 
remedy this situation and to provide 
better medical and social services. 

A million pounds will be spent 
during the next ten years by the 
British Colonial Office in the train- 
ing of native Africans for adminis- 
trative posts at the highest levels. 
Theoretically equality has been the 
policy, but in practice the Africans 
have had no chance against their 
better-educated white competitors. 

Dr. J. Leighlon Stuart, ambassa- 
dor to China and former president 
of Yenching University, was recent- 
ly elected an honorary citizen of 
Hangchow, the city in which he was 
born seventy years ago. This action 
was taken in recognition of his con- 
tributions toward the development 
of higher education in China and 
his untiring efforts in negotiating 
peace between the government and 
the communists. 

Drew Pearson, noted columnist, 
will receive the 1947 Unity Award 
from the Golden Slipper Club in 
Philadelphia for his "fearless and 
unrelenting fight against the forces 
of bigotry." 

According to a contract with its 
1,000 employees the National Pres- 
sure Cooker of Wisconsin will in- 
crease wages seven per cent, give 
health and welfare benefits, and will 
give employees an eleven per cent 
share in the net profits. 

The average monthly income of 

the Japanese worker is $38.53, a re- 
cent survey of Japan shows. The 
base pay of a miner is $18.47 per 
month, of an industrial worker, 
$9.33, of a transportation worker, 
$11.47. Women are paid half of the 
base pay. 

Nine hundred children's books are 
being sent to the Warsaw public 
library through the Enoch Pratt Li- 
brary of Baltimore, Md. Miss Hilda 
P. Holme, who had done relief work 
in Poland, donated the books. The 
Polish community of Baltimore will 
augment the gift. 

The Pagoda — Thirteen Chinese 
Songs is the title of a little booklet 
of Chinese folk songs translated into 
English and arranged for group 
singing. Bliss Wiant, professor of 
music at Yenching University, Chi- 
na, collected and translated the .^ 
songs and arranged the piano ac-' 
companiment. It is believed to be 
the first book of this type to appear 
in print. 

This is the army^s plan for peacetime military training: 

The War Department on October 
2 called for enactment by Congress 
of a compulsory military training 
law. The Army's peacetime draft 
plans call for a full year of military 
training. The year is divided into 
six m,onths ^ent in regular m.ili- 
tary camps and the equivalent of 
the other six months in other train- 
ing, ostensibly at the option of the 
trainee either in the National Guard 
at weekly drills for several years, 
or in the R.O.T.C. in college for 
four years, or in the Enlisted Re- 
serve, or in the regular services. 

The Army proposes drafting all 
mentally and physically fit young 
men between 18 and 20. The Army 
eocpects about 726,000 per year and 
that the Navy would train the re- 
mainder, approximately 275,000. 
The New York Times said on Octo- 

ber 3, "The aim of the War Depart- 
ment in releasing the plan now was 
to endeavor to win public support 
for it by the time the Eightieth 
Congress convenes in January." 
On October 5 the Citizens Commit- 
tee for Military Training of Young 
Men launched a nation-wide drive 
for sux:h legislation with a one-day 
symposium in New York City which 
included high ranking members of 
the Army and Navy and 10 veterans 

The American Legion at its San 
Francisco Convention recommended 
four months basic training instead 
of the Army's six months basic 
training in camps. Otherwise the 
Army and the American Legion 
plans are almost identical. 

See page 16 for suggestions for 


I Wonder Why 

ON a day when he must have 
been feeling unusually 
elated and happy the writ- 
er of Hebrew songs set his hand 
to the harp and sang, "Make a 
joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye 
lands. ... It is he that hath 
made us, and not we ourselves" 
(Psa. 100: 1-3). The singer ended 
his song before he had given his 
opinion as to what purpose God 
had in this creation. Since that 
time, men have puzzled over the 
unanswered question, Why did 
the God of heaven make us? 

Even if we cannot discover a 
final answer to that question un- 
til the time when we no longer 
need to look at things through a 
glass darkly, we can now derive 
considerable satisfaction and 
comfort from the fact that it was 
God who did make us. For if he 
made us, he must have done it 
because he wanted to; we must 
be desirable to him; if he made 
us we belong to him. 

To have a sense of belonging to 
someone changes the whole per- 
spective of life. Demoralization 
has been hastened in Europe, 
they tell us, because husbands 
have been separated from wives 
and parents from children. 
Homes have been pulverized 
and cities destroyed. Human be- 
ings wander like ghosts among 
the rubble, belonging to no one 
and being wanted by no one. 
Hope is gone from their hearts 
and light from their eyes. They 
are only bodies trying to keep 
from crumbling also into rubble. 
Is it any wonder they are de- 

Life can become like that for 
any of us if the sense of belong- 
ing to someone or some ideal is 
taken away. The coming of the 
atomic bomb has done that for 
some. "Soon we shall destroy 
each other," they say. "Our in- 
creasing knowledge only hastens 
us toward death. No one cares, 
so why should we care? Let us 

^ s£ M ^ 

drink and live and laugh before 
the darkness comes." 

For such the darkness has al- 
ready come. They are only pas- 
sions and appetites grasping at 
empty shadows. Life, even for 
those who must live in rubble 
and go hungry each day, can be 
more meaningful than that if 
they can have the consciousness 
of having been made by God and 
of belonging to him. For belong- 
ing to God gives a purpose to 
their being. They are in the 
world to do something for him 
and for it. 

Is that the answer? Is that why 
he made us: that having within 
us something of his own spirit 
we, by his grace, might develop 
it, and help others also to de- 
velop it, so that we all might live 
together abundantly and grow 
into the fullness of his kingdom? 

D. w. B. 

A Better Use for Battle- 

THE SS Marine Lynx, a 
United States navy troop- 
ship, has been chartered 
by the Foreign Missions Confer- 
ence to carry missionaries and 
service workers across the Pa- 
cific to China and the Philip- 

After a first trip with four 
hundred, including some Breth- 
ren, the Marine Lynx returned 
and prepared "to carry more mis- 
sionary and service workers 
overseas. On Dec. 15 six hun- 
dred seventy missionaries, the 
largest contingent ever to sail at 
one time, left San Francisco. 
Among these were a half dozen 
Brethren. Upon her return the 

Lynx will take three hundred 
more who are waiting. 

All of this has a very hopeful 
outlook. Just a few months ago 
the same troopship was carrying 
boys overseas armed to destroy 
and to kill. Now, it carries men, 
women and children over the 
same seas armed only with the 
Bible. They are not to be agents 
of destruction but messengers of 
salvation and of life. 

■ Perhaps if we sent many ships 
laden with Christian workers 
who would go in the spirit of 
this voyage, it would not be nec- 
essary ever again to send young 
men overseas armed with rifles 
and bent upon destruction. Nine 
hundred more missionaries are 
being assembled for future trans- 
portation overseas in specially 
chartered troopships as soon as 
arrangements can be completed,. 

May God guide these messen- 
gers who go in his name and 
may he give us the vision and 
the will to send thousands more. 

D. w. B. 


NOW that the old year is 
over businessmen are tak- 
ing inventory of stock on 
hand and balancing books. Let 
us take inventory, too, noting 
where stock is low or exhausted. 

How is our stock of patience? 
Do the interruptions, the delays, 
the blocking of our plans irri- 
tate us to the point of causing us 
to speak sharply to those about 
us? If we can not meet the an- 
noyances of the day without be- 
ing harassed we need to renew 
our stock of patience. 

Humility is another item that 
needs checking. Do we feel that 
we have attained our goal, that 
we have no more to learn about 
our work? Have we given our- 
selves a pat on the back, saying, 
"See what I have accomplished!" 
forgetting the many people who 
contributed to our achievement? 

JANUARY 11, 1947 3 

Let us begin to rebuild our stock 
of humility by recognizing, with 
Paul, that we are "under obliga- 
tion both to Greeks, and to bar- 
barians, both to the wise and to 
the foolish." Let us also realize 
that "all experience is an arch 
wherethro' gleams that untrav- 
ell'd world, whose margin fades 
for ever and for ever when I 

Is our shelf of goodwill empty? 
Are we striving to "live in har- 
mony with one another," to "live 
peaceably with all"? Oh, we 
may not berate our neighbors, 
our associates or members of our 
family with angry words, but 
our coolness toward those who 
are not "kindred spirits" adds 
nothing to the feeling of good- 
will in the office or community. 
Are we unwilling to recognize 
the good points of the Russians, 
the Japanese, our Jewish or Ne^ 
gro neighbors? If so, we need 
to replenish immediately our 
stock of goodwill. 

Let us inventory one more 
item — faith. We haye probably 
exhausted this article. A perus- 
al of one day's newspapers can 
sink us to the lowest depths of 
pessimism. We lose our confi- 
dence in our fellow men, in the 
government and in the future of 
mankind. We can begin to re- 
build our stock of faith by taking 
the long view instead of looking 
only at one day's record: the ma- 
jority of people are good, honest, 
hard working; democracy works 
slowly but the results are best 
for us; the universe still runs ac- 
cording to God's laws. We need 
a full stock of faith to see the 
new world in the making in the 
midst of the turmoil, to see the 
high aspirations of men as they 
grope in the midst of selfishness, 
to see God's purposes. 

Therefore, let us take inven- 
tory, replenish our stock where 
it is low and set to work with 
renewed courage so that at the 
end of 1947 we can say, "We 
have had a good year." e. w. 


The Military Tries Again 

By about mid-January or soon thereafter a conscription bill will 
be brought before Congress and if possible thrust through into low. 

Twice the militarists have tried that before and twice they have run 
against stern and unyielding opposition from churchmen, schoplmen 
and labor. The militarists in all lands and in all ages have not special- 
ized in changing minds; their unchanging method has been to liquidate 
the opposition. Since in America they could not do that yet, on these 
two former occasions they have been forced to retreat without the 
power they wanted. They were powerful enough, however, to keep 
us in a continuing "state of war" so that the old conscription could be 
continued into peacetime. Since they could hardly expect to keep that 
up beyond March 1 they started in October to get into motion the forces 
that would crush or override their opposition. 

Their methods hove been expressive of their opinion of the juve- 
nility of the American mind. When possible they make the President 
their spokesman: 

"What we want is not military; we will remove that name from our 
plan; we want a scheme of educational training, physical develop- 
ment, and moral hardening," 

Some clear and purposeful words need to be spoken at this point. 
They may not be complimentary to the militarists but they seek to be 
American and Christian. 

The militarists say in effect: "(1) The American school system is 
inadequate; her colleges and universities are incapable of doing a 
proper educational job. (2) The churches of America do not know how 
to give proper moral teaching. (3) The American home is incapable 
of turning out good American citizens. If the militarists are empowered 
to supplement these institutions or eventually to replace them as they 
did in Germany and Japan, America can be a great people." 

But despite their promises the following is what the military, too 
often, succeeds in doing: It teaches the lad how to take his beer neatly; 
it enlarges his repertoire of vulgarity and adds to the fluency of his 
profanity; it weakens his lungs with excessive cigarette smoke; it 
surrounds his bunk with exotic pictures of pin-up girls; it lines him up 
four abreast before brothels in occupation lands; it trains him in on 
artificial situation unlike the civilian circumstances in which he will 
live, unless the military can dig up a war for him to fight. 

Unfortunately part of what the militarists say about the American 
school, church and home is true. These institutions are much less 
strong than they should be. But two things need to be said about 
that: (1) Twice in a single generation the militarists have considerably 
upset these institutions by their program of conscription and war; cer- 
tainly they are partly to blame for the mess we are in. (2) About the 
poorest way possible to strengthen these institutions is to let the mili- 
tarists meddle further with them. Rather if we will spend directly upon 
these institutions a tenth of what the militarists ask, they may achieve 
growth and success. 

To seek greatness by force rather than by justice ends in death. 
"They that take the sword perish by it"; these words came from heaven. 

Shall America go that way? Ask your senator if that is his desire. 

D. W. B. 

The Church 

IN Thy House 

Edward E. Ziegler 

North Manchester, Indiana 


IN THE early days of the 
Christian church, there were 
no beautiful, stately build- 
ings for worship and teaching. 
Wherever there was a Christian 
community, some member who 
had a spacious home would in- 
vite the congregation to worship 
in a large room of his home. 
Among the notable homes where 
the churches met were the upper 
room in the home of John Mark 
in Jerusalem, the Roman home 
of Paul's good friends, Aquila 
and Priscilla, and the home of 
Philemon and his family in 
Colosse. When Paul wrote to 
his friends, he often used a greet- 
ing, "And give my best wishes to 
the church in your house." 

Today, we have beautiful 
churches, planned for the wor- 
ship and service of God. But 
Paul's greeting still has a true 
word for us. For in a very real 
sense, there is or ought to be a 
church in the home of every 
Christian. What about the 
church in your house? 

No church will ever rise high- 
er than the level of the homes 
that make it up. As in no other 
religion, Christianity is based up- 
on lofty home life. All through 
the Bible, there is strong empha- 
sis upon the home and family as 
the basic unit in religion as well 
as social organization. In the Old 
Testament times, the father of 
the family was the patriarch, up- 
on whom was laid the full re- 

Harold L. PhiUips 
The family — like the church — Is a widening brotherhood 

sponsibility for the welfare of 
the children and the whole 

Jesus laid much emphasis up- 
on fine home life and the highest 
ideals of marriage. St. Paul lifts 
the marriage and home relation- 
ships up to the level of the rela- 
tionships of Christ and the 
church, and says they should be 
on that plane constantly — one of 
mutual love and respect, defer- 
ence to each other, thoughtful- 
ness and kindly love. 

It is more difficult today to 
maintain home life on this ex- 

alted plane, for there is much 
competition and much tempta- 
tion to lower standards, to find 
most satisfactions away from the 
home and family. But it is more 
important than ever that our 
homes be strong centers of the 
deepest life of our families, and 
little churches of Christ within 
the four walls. Therefore I am 
appealing to all homebuilders 
and to all youth who are looking 
forward to having their own 
homes: let the church in your 
house be truly Christian. 

JANUARY 11, 1947 5 

About Intercession 

Louise Stoltenbeqg 

Strathmore, California 

HAVE you ever thought what a becnitihil word is that word "inter- 
ceding"? In some way it has a good Christian sound to it. 
And when one thinks of it a while he will find it is suggesting 
other strong Christian words. There is the word, for example, "forgive- 
ness/' for out of the process of intercession often comes forgiveness. 
Then there is the word "understanding." because interceding suggests 
the possibility of creating imderstanding where there was little or 
none before. "Nobility" might be another word faintly linked with 
interceding for interceding implies the ability of man to rise above 
himself and act mercifully and magnanimously. But, bound to the 
very heart of the word "interceding" is another one, "love." 

I shall never forget the newspaper story of the poor, uiUeomed, 
shabbily clothed mother who without sufficient funds set out on foot 
to see the governor of her state. Love was the force that drove this 
lady to the governor to plead for the lives of her three sons condemned 
to death. And what is more touching than a brother motivated by 
love interceding for a sister who is about to be ptuiished. 

However, the most beautiful picture of intercession that the world 
has ever dreamed of is that of Christ sitting at the right hand of God 
pleading for his children. There he is interceding for us in heaven 
even as he did on earth when he prayed: "Holy Father, keep through 
thine own name those whom thou hast given me. . . . Neither pray I 
for these cdone but for them also which shall believe on me through 
their word." It is a deeply stirring thought to me that Christ even 
brings my name before the Father. And yours, too. 

1 HE real Christian family will 
be like a church in several very 
significant ways. One of the best 
definitions of a church I know is 
that of Dan West, who says that 
a church is a widening brother- 
hood based upon the two great 
commandments: loVe of God 
;and of one's neighbor. Can we 
not agree at once that a family 
should be like that — a widening 
brotherhood? The spirit of 
brotherhood will be a major at- 
mosphere of the home. And true 
marriage and home life is based 
first upon common love and loy- 
alty toward God, and then for 
each other. This suggests that 
home life will be characterized 
by co-operation, mutual respect, 
and brotherly love. 

In some homes, the father is 
the dictator. He demands re- 
spect of his wife and his children, 
and rules with an iron rod. In 
other homes the mother is the 
dictator, and her rule is no less 



oppressive because it is carried 
on by tears and pouting instead 
of physical strength! But where 
either husband or wife rules, the 
home is not Christian. Then, 
too, there are homes where the 
children dominate the scene. The 
home must be based rather upon 
love and respect that leads to 
planning together, counseling to- 
gether, sharing in work and play. 
A parent cannot demand re- 
spect and obedience in the Chris- 
tian home. He will earn it by the 
quality of his life, the kindliness 
of his counsel, and the confi- 
dence he thus builds up in the 
minds of his children. Many 
children never do care for re- 
ligion because the word father 
when applied to God carries con- 
notations of evil, of selfishness, 
coercive force and unkindness. 
Let us plan our living together, 
watch every manifestation of our 
personality that children may 
learn to love God through what 
they see of him in the lives of 
their parents. 

Another corollary of the at- 
mosphere of mutual respect, 
love, and co-operation in the 
home will be freedom from quar- 
reling, bickering, and resent- 
ments. It is indeed inevitable 
that disagreements shall arise. ] 
And home in which there is nev- 
er a disagreement is a home 
where there is no free thought 
and no real stimulation of each 
other's minds. But disagree- 
ments need never become quar- 
rels. We must learn techniques 
of solving our problems together 
without bitterness and bicker- 
ing. "Let not the sun go down 
upon your wrath." Married peo- 
ple should learn to talk over 
their problems dispassionately, 
to pray over them together, to 
let no disagreement be carried 
over to another day. 

1 F the home is to be like a 
church, there must be a Chris- 
tian atmosphere pervading all 
life and activity in the home, and 
Christian standards of conduct in 
every, relationship. Religion will 
be more than a Sunday morning 
affair. It will permeate all the 
daily life and duties throughout 
the week. Dr. Paul Popenoe, 
one of our greatest authorities on 
marriage, says that there are 
three areas in which marriages 
fail and that there are Christian 
solutions for all these problems. 
The first area is the economic. 
Many homes break up on mat- ' 
ters of finance — the earning and 
spending and saving of money. 
Young people entering upon 
marriage can learn the Christian 
ethics in matters of earning, 
sharing and using money. We 
must learn to do without useless 
luxuries, to exercise true Chris- 
tian stewardship of our re- j 
sources, to avoid "nest worship" 
which would lavish all upon 
making a fine and costly home, to 
plan together as a family the 
ways in which the money is to 
be saved, spent, and shared. The 
happiest homes are those where 
tithing is practiced and the 
claims of Christ recognized. 

The second area of difficulty is 
that of sexual adjustment. Many- 
couples find marriage a bitter 
disappointment because they 
have not learned the art of being 
husband and wife. Far more 
homes than we realize are brok- 
en or unhappy because of mal- 
adjustment here, and because 
they hesitate to seek counsel. It 
need not be so. Many pastors 
and Christian doctors are pre- 
pared and happy to give com- 
petent advice in this area and to 
recommend helpful books on 
these aspects of marriage. 

The third area of disagreement 
is the use of leisure time. Young 
people can and should learn the 
management of their leisure so 
that they have many common 
pursuits which give them joy. 
Such common interests should 
be sought even before marriage. 
Some families have one night a 
week just to do things together. 
In all these relationships, there 
are Christian standards of action. 
Let us seek them, and put all as- 
pects of marriage and home on 
the plane of Christian idealism. 

If the home is to be like a real 
Christian church, loyalty to the 
wider fellowship of Christ's 
church must be fostered in it 
from the beginning. There 
should never be a debate as to 
whether or not we will attend 
church. The problem of church 
relationships should be settled 
before marriage. It is always 
best for husband and wife to be 
loyal members of the same 
church. By home teaching and 
example, children can be taught 
loyalty to the church, apprecia- 
tion of its fellowship and wor- 
ship, participation in its pro- 
gram, and joy in all its activities. 

1 HE highest function of the 
church is to bring people into in- 
timate, life-giving fellowship 
with God in Christ Jesus through 
worship. Is this not also one of 
the finest opportunities of the 
Christian home? Do your chil- 
dren learn to meet God daily in 

On the brow of yonder hill 

Project massive rocks, rugged and 

There some think thoughts divine; 
Others, only those of selfish design. (tp^^pl^^H^^ Pomt 

Some are enwrapped in awe and won- 

As oceans of clouds roll and thunder; 

They see and admire the almighty 

As it paints and tints the valley land. 

Some see little hut clouds and wind, 
All finer senses seem so dimmed. 
Though clouds may softly float in 

azure blue. 
To them the scene reveals nothing 


H. M. Bruboker 

La Verne, California 

Others rise as on majestic wings, 
Resolve and pray, as the heart sings. 
So, forth they go, and life is better. 
It seems so rich and full — without fet- 

your home, and count him as a 
familiar Friend? 

In Robert Burns' The Cotter's 
Saturday Night, there is a beau- 
tiful description of family wor- 
ship. After all have been chat- 
ting awhile around the fireplace, 
the time comes for worship. The 
father takes down the Bible and 
selects a portion of Scripture. 

Then he says, "Let us worship 
God!" They sing a noble hymn, 
a lesson is read, and all kneel, 
while the "Saint, the father, the 
husband prays." He remembers 
them all tenderly, praying that 
God will keep them all faithful 
and loyal to right as they work 

JANUARY 11. 1947 7 

and live among others. Then 
Burns exclaims, "In scenes like 
these old Scotia's grandeur lies!" 
He is right! In scenes like these 
lie the grandeur and the strength 
of any people! 

In my own home, our earliest 
memories go back to the experi- 
ences of family worship. One of 
the most powerful guiding lights 
in my life is the strength and in- 
spiration received from the 
prayers my father offered. I 
covet that strength and that 
power which come from such 
prayers and experiences of wor- 
ship for every child in our land, 
and in our world. There would 
be few broken homes, if all were 
• founded in prayer, and knit to- 
gether daily by the heart-warm- 
ing experience of worship. 

Yes, your family may be a 
church of Christ. It ought to be! 
Let every home so build its life, 
so order its daily round of duties, 
so hold all its relationships up to 
the white light of Christ that 
, when anyone greets a member of 
that home he may say, "And 
greet the church that is in your 

He Wanted to Be a Disciple 

Julia Groydon 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

In the fifth chapter of Mark we 
read of the man with the unclean 
spirit who came running out of the 
tomb and started to worship Jesus. 
Jesus said, "Come out of the man, 
thou unclean spirit." 

Later on when Jesus came to the 
ship, he found the man who had 
been possessed with the devil. The 
man asked that he too might be 
with him as his disciples were. But 
Jesus wanted him to go back to his 
home and friends and tell them 
what Jesus had done for him. 

So the man went back to Decapolis 
and told the story of his healing and 
"all men did marvel." 

The difference between what he 
had been and what he now was, was 
most apparent to them and they too 
believed and rejoiced with their for- 
mer friend and companion. He had 
wanted to remain close to Jesus but 
Jesus wanted him to show himself 
as proof to his friends and relatives. 

Man Is a Miracle 

Beprinted from Better Homes and Gardens 



THERE was a time in our 
world when the traditional 
words of cheer at Christ- 
mas seemed to ring as true as 
the Christmas bells. It was a 
time when the beautiful story of 
the Nativity — the star over Beth- 
lehem, the tidings of great joy, 
the heavenly host proclaiming 
peace on earth — could be read 
without misgivings. 

But thcaigh the story is as 
beautiful and meaningful as 
ever, the time is not the same, 
nor are the temper and spirit of 
the world. The words of cheer 
have a hollow sound. The prom- 
ise of peace and goodwill has a 
note of mockery in it. Dark 
fears abound; instead of having 
faith and hope, many of us, un- 
moved by the moral of Christ- 
mas, seem to have yielded to the 
gloomy belief that the human 
race is a mean, dismal failure. 

This mood, however, does not 
do justice to mankind. There is 
a simple observation worth quot- 
ing on this point — a kind of 
prose-poem, a homely but elo- 
quent and profoundly true com- 
mentary on all of us: 


Wonders over the restless sea, 

The flowing water. 

The sight of the sky. 

And forgets that of all wonders 

Man himself 

Is the most wonderful. 

Written by St. Augustine in 
the fifth century, the words were 
inscribed again in 1939 on the 
Hall of Man at the World of To- 
morrow, New York's brave, but 
sad, monument to a future that 
vanished in the shadows of ap- 
proaching war. 

The fair is over and done with. 
The Hall of Man has long since 

been torn down. But the words 
of St. Augustine, like man him- 
self, still live on — comforting 
and inspiring at a time when it 
is easy for the fainthearted to 
be afraid, and for shallow minds 
to be contemptuous of humanity. 

Perhaps jthis contemptuous at- 
titude toward mankind does , 
have a measure of superficial \ 
justification. At the moment, 
we seem to be flubbing every- 
thing. Either we stand in awe 
of our own works, atomic and 
otherwise, or we're depressed 
with fears that we may be pow- 
erless to control them. 

Far from having faith in our- 
selves, we have been yielding to 
growing self -distrust, a feeling 
of futility. Our frame of mind 
is not unlike what the medieval, 
theologians called the deadly sin 
of acedia — a self-induced torpor 
of the spirit, a tendency to sur- 
render, with somewhat delicious 
self-pity, to unseen forces, the 
so-called wave of the future, 
which too many of us choose to 
consider too irresistible for our 
finite powers. 

But what are we? What is 

Of all things animate and in- 
animate, we are truly the most 
wonderful, no other creatures or 
machine being so magically con- 
trived. Wholly apart from our 
unique spiritual attributes, each 
one of us is a tremendous com- 
plex in which wonders such as . 
the brain — in itself an intricacy 
of some 10 hillion nerve cells — 
are but parts of the miraculous 

The word miraculous is worth 
emphasis. We are indeed mira- 
cles. As such, we should not be- 
little ourselves too much. 

If our works have led to evil, 

Harold M. Lambert 

"What is man, that thou art mindful of him? the son of mon that thou visitest him? 
For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory 
and honour." 

they have led to good, too. Nor 
should we forget that our wrong- 
ful acts can triumph over us only 
if we let ourselves believe that 
wrong is an independent force, 
living apart from us, stronger 
than we, when actually it exists 
solely because we exist and are 
its creators. 

"Of all wonders, man himself 
is the most wonderful." 

We do not violate the virtue of 
humility when we remember 
that. But we do violate our God- 
given gifts when we forget it. 
Fully armed in mind and heart 
to master our environment and 
direct the course of history, we 
need, rather than to look down 
on ourselves and envy the in- 

sects, to get back to a proper ap- 
preciation of man. 

Confidence in ourselves, self- 
respect, unwavering adherence 
to our aspirations — these things 
we must have in this great and 
tumultuous age of man's own 
making. Having them, search- 
ing for new wisdom with them, 
matching man's vast knowledge 
with that wisdom, we can fash- 
ion the future to all of our 
hearts' reasonable desires. 

The story of Christmas has 
lost none of its force. The moral 
of Christmas is still sound. The 
promise of Christmas — a better 
and happier world — can be ful- 
filled if we will but rise to it 

The Testimony of a "Fool for 
Christ's Sake" 

Donald Royer 

Luray, Virginia 

I spent the years 
The Lord God gave my youth 
In attempting impossible things. 
Counting them alone worth the 

Was it folly or was it grace? 
No man shall judge me, but God. 

THIS is saying that the writer 
has been a "fool" for 
Christ's sake. He has 
been a "fool" for Christ's sake 
for ten years, and he would not 
exchange it for. anything in the 
world. He loves it, finds it fun. 

He would rather be a "fool" 
for Christ's sake than hold the 
best position the world could of- 
fer on the world's terms. He 
finds that God makes life for his 
"fools" one glorious spiritual ad- 
venture—adventure in their own 
back yards or in far places. God's 
"fools" have few, if any, dull mo- 
ments. They have a security 
which passes anything the world 
can give. 

Like Paul, the greatest of all 
"fools" for Christ's sake, the 
writer has fotmd that God makes 
the burden easy and the yoke 
light. He led the writer to stand 
against war and conscription in 
1941 with prison as a conse- 
quence. But after the decision 
to take the stand was made, he 
made the going to prison and 
the stay in prison easy. It was 
like going to meet a new friend 
or like going to a conference. 
It was going on a spiritual ad- 
venture for Christ's sake. In 
prison the days went by swiftly, 
as swiftly as on the outside, be- 
cause the writer was given a 
chance to help his fellow in- 
mates by teaching them how to 
read and write. 

If you want real security, spir- 
itual adventure, release, and 
purpose in your life, be one of 
Christ's "fools." 

JANUARY 11, 1947 

John M. Swomley. Jr. 

y/ashington, D. C. 

In their campaign for supreme 
military power for the United 
States oxir military officials have 
attempted to convince the people 
that armed might is the key to suc- 
cess in American diplomacy. They 
have asked for peacetime military 
conscription, for many new naval 
baseSi for a navy several times the 
size of any previous peacetime 
navy, for a standing army of 2,500,- 
000, and for a permanent armed 
i;eserve of at least four million men 
and for sole control of the atomic 
bomb. All this points in the di- 
rection of a supermilitary power 
beyond anything that prewar Ger- 
many or Japan could boast. 

The officials claim that such mili- 
tary might is essential to "adequate 
preparbdness." And they are wag- 
ing an intensive campaign to con- 
vince the public that we have been 
inadequately prepared in the past 
and therefore have either risked 
defeat or been forced to fight a 
long war. 

The attack on Pearl Harbor and 
the defeat suffered there have been 

Peacetime military training and more act 

of white crosses, 



used by the President himself as 
illustrations of our lack of pre- 

The navy's Pearl Harbor report 
states that "on December 7, 1941, 
the United States [Pacific] fleet was 
numerically inferior to the Japa- 
nese naval forces in both combatant 
and auxiliary vessels." Yet on the 
very day when Pearl Harbor was 
attacked. Secretary of Navy Knox 
issued a report stating that the 
United States navy was the largest 
in the world. This means, of 
course, and that a large part of our 
navy was stationed in the Atlantic. 
Were We Prepared? 

Actually, then, the United States 
had the largest navy in the w^orld 
and was using perhaps half of it in 
"the battle of the Atlantic" at a 
time when the American people 
were led to believe we were not 
at war. 

Moreover, the United States, in 
September 1940, had established 
compulsory military training and 
service, as a result of which more 
than one million men were in the 
army before Pearl Harbor was at- 
tacked. The navy numbered over 

600,000. The national guard had 
been called to active service, and 
units of the regular army and ma- 
rine corps were on duty throughout 
the Pacific. 

So in addition to peacetime con- 
scription the regular army and the 
national guard were fully mobilized 
for war. 

The army's Pearl Harbor report 
Says: "Oahu (on which Pearl Har- 
bor is situated) was also the loca- 
tion of one of the largest troop con- 
centrations in the national defense 
system of the United States . . ." 
and "this outpost was implemented 
with the major portion of the fleet 
and very substantial army installa- , 
tions, in order that the mainland 1 
might rest securely and be pro- 

General Marshall himself said in 
a letter to General Short, com- 
mander of the army's Hawaiian de- 
partment, on February 7, 1941, "Ha- 
waii is on a far better basis than 
any other command in the Army." 
He also wrote, "Frankly I do not 
see any landing threat in the Ha- 
waiian Island so long as we have 
air superiority.^ 

In the traditional "preparedness" 
sense, then, Hawaii was the strong- 
est post in the American defense. 

The officials had decided not to 
let the American public know how 
quickly it was being taken into 
war. Ambassador Grew from Ja- 
pan on September 30, 1941, "pro- 
tested at the secrecy of our con- 
versations with Japan as practiced 
by the United States without advis- 
ing the public, whereas it was com- 
mon knowledge in Japan." The 
public, for example, was not told 
until the war was over just what 
sort of talk there had been behind 
the scenes about getting into war. 
Two illustrations wiU suffice: "Mr. 
Hull said after delivering his ul- 
timatum (on November 26, 1941) 
that he washed his hands of the 
matter and left it to the army and 
navy." In a letter to General Short, 
Chief of Staff Marshall said, "The 
United States desires that Japan 
commit the first overt act." 

Thus, the United States was in- 
dustrially as near to a war footing 
as possible without arousing the 
suspicions of the people. We were 
on enough of a war basis industri- 
ally to be supplying other nations 
with war materials. 

shares and creative 

Metropolitan Museum 

Preparedness Indies Attack 

In the light of these facts it is 
certainly not accurate to say that 
the United States was attacked be- 
cause it was unprepared! Exactly 
the opposite is the case. The Unit- 
ed States was attacked because our 
"preparedness" had reached such a 
point that Japan considered it a 
menace to her position in Asia. She 
decided to attack at once, before 
our armed forces became still more 
formidable. The navy's Pearl Har- 
bor report stresses this fact: 
"Aware of this existing weakness 
in relative fighting strength [of the 
Pacific fleet after units had been 
withdrawn to the Atlantic] and of 
the vigorous steps to overcome de- 
ficiencies, Japan early sensed the 
advantage of striking before these 
steps could become effective." 

Did We Disarm Before? 

Another piece of propaganda 
completely contrary to the facts has 
been used by American militarists 
in trying to seU a "preparedness" 
program. They say that "never 
again must the United States dis- 
arm." Thus they imply that the 
United States did disarm after oth- 
er wars; but when Germany was 
disarmed following the First World 
War, we did not disarm. Though 
we did scrap some ships, in ac- 
cordance with the famous 5:5:3 
plan, we still maintained a large 
navy which, coupled with Britain's, 
was a controlling force in the 
world's oceans. Nor were France 
and England disarmed. M. Da- 
ladier testified at the Petain trial 
that "France was not disarmed" 
when Germany attacked. He said, 
"France had 3,600 tanks against 
Germany's 3,200, and Germany's 
production was not greater than 
ours. After the armistice on June 
24, 1940, there were 4,200 planes in 
the free zone." He did not add, 
as he might have, that France had 
had compulsory military service for 

Does Preparedness Aid Diplomacy? 

Still another argument advanced 
in favor of a big military program 
is that a nation with a large mili- 
tary establishment can more effec- 
tively win diplomatic victories in 
its relations with other nations. 
General Marshall, Chief of Staff of 
the United States army, said, in 
speaking of peacetime compulsory 
military training, 'The officials of 
the State Department have been 
strongly of the opinion that a de- 
cision in this matter prior to the 
final peace negotiations would 
greatly strengthen the hand of the 

United States in securing accept- 
ance of a genuine organization to 
handle international differences." 

Yet, at the very moment when 
the United States was the sole pos~ 
sessor of the atOTnic bomb, the own- 
er of a navy larger than all other 
navies combined, and had several 
million soldiers in Europe, our dip~ 
lomats were unable to prevent Rus- 
sia from extending her diplomatic 
and military control over the Bal- 
kans, and the foreign ministers of 
Russia, Britain, and the United 
Sates were unable to arrive at any 
agreement about a peace treaty for 
Italy or joint control of Japan! If 
military preparedness really gains 
diplomatic victories, how can we 
account for this failure? 

International discussions conduct- 
ed in the atmosphere of threats and 
fear are unlikely to solve the 
world's problems, but are likely to 
result in the development of spheres 
of influence and international dis- 
trust. The fact is, military pre- 
paredness can be effective in diplo- 
macy only if the nation v^ing it is 
willing to go to war. But in that 
case such destructive forces are un- 
leashed that even if military vic- 
tory is achieved, genuine victory for 
democracy is likely to be lost. 

Preparedness or Peace? 

The truth about military pre- 
paredness, of which Pearl Har- 
bor is but another striking illus- 
tration, may be set down and un- 
derscored as follows: 

First, great military power 
does not provide real security. 
A daring and well-executed sur- 
prise attack by the enemy, or a 
miscalculation by the President 
or other key officials in Wash- 
ington, may almost totally off- 
set the advantage of "adequate 
preparedness" i n mimitions 
plants, fortifications, ground 
forces, and naval vessels. The 
atomic bomb greatly increases 
this danger. We cannot rule out 
the possibility that even a small 
nation, with a few hundred 
planes each dropping one or 
more atomic bombs, might put 
the United States navy, all its 
island bases, and the key muni- 
tions and military centers on the 
mainland out of commission in 
less than twenty-four hours. 

JANUARY 11. 1947 11 

Second, war preparations and 
peace preparations are incom- 
patible. They cannot be effec- 
tively combined. Either we be- 
lieve in nationalism, or we be- 
lieve in world organization; we 
believe in diplomacy backed by 
force, or we believe in diplomacy 
backed by friendship. There is 
no middle ground. So long as 
the world prepares for war we 
shall have secretaries of state is- 
suing ultimatums and handing 
the matter over to the army and 
navy to settle — and we shall 
have in the hands of aggressor 
nations the power to carry out 
their aggression. 

What the world needs is 
American leadership in the di- 
rection of genuine world organi- 
zation and complete disarma- 
ment. Yet at this particular mo- 
ment in history our government 
is working as never before to 
make the United States the su- 
preme military power of all 

Reprinted from the November 1945 issue 
of Fellowship. 

That Bible of Yours 
E. E. Neiderhiser 

Greensboro, Pa. 

Why write or preach another 
sermon on the Bible? There have 
been so many articles and books 
written and sermons preached on 
the Bible that one would think that 
every man and woman of average 
learning would be sufficiently in- 
formed on the Bible that no more 
need be said or written concern- 
ing it. But this is not true, for the 
Bible in itself is little known. 

,Men read about the Bible more 
than they read the Bible. They gloss 
over it; their knowledge of it is 
scrappy and superficial. What the 
present-day believer and Christian 
needs is a more thorough know- 
ledge of the Bible and its related 

The Bible is an inexhaustible 
book and no one can know it all, 
not even after a lifetime of study. 
But one can acquire an intelligent, 
workable and understanding know- 
ledge of the Bible that will be of 
both profit and pleasure to him. 

What the average lay student of 
the Bible needs is first of all a de- 



sire and a thirst to know the Bible. 
Once possessed of this 'desire the 
student should secure at some 
bookstore or publishing house a 
good student's Bible with helps, a 
good concordance and Bible diction- 
ary. A commentary is a good thing 
too. But the student dare not rely 
too much upon commentaries or he 
may miss his mark of getting ac- 
quainted with the Scriptures. 

The student, after having secured 
his Bible, first of all should read 
and study it from a historical point 
of view, and after having thus stud- 
ied and read the Bible he will want 
to begin a study of it by subjects. 
This he can best do if he will take 
his concordance and look up in the 
Bible each text of Scripture as it is 
listed under the particular subject 
of his interest. He should write 
these out word for word and text 
for text, noting their relation to the 
context, also their relative connec- 
tion with the other texts' of Scrip- 
ture upon the same subject. The 
student should learn to classify the 
different texts on the subject he 
may be studying, so as to have them 
come closest into relative connec- 
tion, to bring about as clear a 
Scriptural understanding of the 
subject as possible. This requires 
some extra work but is well worth 
the student's time and effort. To do 
this the student may have to have 
several sheets of paper. He will list 
on one sheet of paper what one text 
states, and as he goes along and 
comes to another text he will set it 
down under the text that corre- 
sponds to one of those texts already 
set down. Put the next text down 
on that paper having the text with 
relative teaching on the subject. 
And when all of these texts of 
Scripture are taken together with 
their teaching and relation to each 
text under the heading and subject 
being studied, it will be surprising 
to the student how much he will 

If the laity of the church was 
more Bible conscious there might be 
more preachers in the pulpits of the 
churches, as it has been the writer's 
conviction that there may be better 
preachers in the pews than there 
are sometimes in the pulpits. Were 
the laity more Bible conscious, la- 
tent talent might be awakened with- 
in those who are not in the ministry 
but who would find their way there 
either by choice or by way of being 
inducted. But this is not the pri- 
mary purpose of a laity conscious of 
a Bible study program. That pur- 
pose is to have every believer and 
Christian better informed about the 

Bible. Such enlightenment would 
bring men and women into a closer 
contact with the Holy Spirit, for it 
is characteristic of deep Bible study 
that the student soon finds himself 
coming into a fuller and a closer 
walk with the Spirit. 

One cannot attempt Bible study 
for a short while only and expect 
to get much out of it. It will re- 
quire weeks and months and even 
years. Just as no believer completes 
his walk with God until he has 
come to the end of life's journey, 
likewise, no one completes the 
study of the Scriptures until life's 
last day has come. 

Albert C. Wiecmd 

La Verne, California 

Meditation is not thinking in the 
narrower sense; it is beyond "think- 
ing"; it begins where thinking ends. 
Thinking results in ideas, while 
meditation creates ideas. The end 
products of thinking are ideas, 
thoughts, reasoning and philosophy. 
But the end products of meditation 
are images, desires, attitudes, eval- 
uations, motives, emotions, purposes, 
faith and trust. 

Thinking is a process of abstrac- 
tion; meditation is one of concretion. 
Thinking is analytic; meditation is 
constructive, creative. Thinking is 
theoretical; meditation is practical. 
Thinking is headed for subjective un- 
derstanding; meditation for objective 
realization. Thinking is universal- 
istic; meditation is individualistic. 

Both thinking and meditation are 
essential to rational living. But in 
our modem world thinking is 
stressed far more than meditation. 

Meditation may go astray. It may 
not produce creative and ethical 
ideals but air castles only. Or 
worse, it sometimes results in day- 
dreamings and irrational ravings, or 
passionate fulminations, or in emo- 
tional debauchery and dissipation- 
In the history of thought, rational- 
ism and romanticism alternate. This 
is very evident in both philosophy 
and literature. 

Meditation may become premedi- 
tation of evil; it may be criminal. All 
great criminals had great imagina- 
tion. Hitler and Mussolini and their 
fellow gangsters on a world-wide 
scale were megalomaniacs, "filthy 
dreamers," fighting against the moral 
orders of the universe. But they 
were, in fact, products of the ro- 
mantic philosophy of the half-crazy 
Nietzsche. It took a generation for 
his philosophy to bear its fruits of 
destruction and desolation. 

cJtante a4ixlt ^OHuiif 

To change ways of thinking, to correct wrong impressions and 
to build socially constructive attitudes, teachers must know what 
children think and why they think as they do. Miss Robertson, 
graduate student at Teachers College, Columbia University, and 
formerly principal of the elementary school in the Japanese Relo- 
cation Center at Topaz, Utah, tells how racial and religious preju- 
dices begin and suggests how curriculum experiences can be direct- 
ed to prevent their development. 


Changing Ways of Thinking 

Wanda Robertson 

THIS is my church!" ex- 
exclaimed five - year - old 
Paul proudly as the last 
block was put in its place. 

"Churches don't look like 
that!" objected Harry as he left 
his railroad terminal to examine 
Paul's church. "Churches have 
crosses on them and yours does 

"Your church doesn't have 
trees," commented Ann. "My 
church has trees around it. My 
church is all white." 

As other children joined the 
discussion it was learned that 
some churches are also red and 
brown; some are constructed of 
stone while others are built of 
brick or wood; some boast spires 
while others do not. Crosses are 
found on certain churches but 
are not common to all. There is 
even a difference in the number 
of steps to the entrance. 

The teacher, aware of the 
wrong impressions the children 
had of churches and of their 

need to broaden their experi- 
ences on which their generaliza- 
tions were built, arranged a 
series of excursions to churches 
in the neighborhood. As the 
churches were visited the chil- 
dren's comments changed from 
"Harry's church is different from 
Paul's" to "Harry's church is 
like Paul's." Sometimes it was 
likeness in size, frequently it 
was likeness in shape, and often 
it was a similarity in location 
only. The children still noted 
the differences in the churches 
but the differences now served 
as a basis for recognizing simi- 

The reverence of the teacher 
and the mothers who accompa- 
nied the children further empha- 
sized the one major point in com- 
mon — all churches are houses of 
worship. The children returned 
to school with a strong convic- 
tion that it was natural for peo- 
ple to attend different churches 
even though Ann's mother, who 
worshiped in a white church, 
was quite like Jane's mother, 
who worshiped in a church made 
of stone. 

But what, one might ask, has 
this kind of experience for five- 
year-olds to do with sensitizing 
children to human relationships 
and freeing their minds from 

The answer is obvious. Sig- 
nificant changes in children's at- 
titudes and thinking will not be 
made unless their ways of think- 
ing are known to the parents 
and teachers, and those that lead 
to prejudices are redirected at an 
early age. 

Children are not born with in- 
nate racial or religious prefer- 
ences. They learn them in the 
same way that they learn pref- 
erences in food, dress, and be- 
havior. These learnings begin 
at the moment of birth — as soon 

JANUARY 11. 1947 13 

A Child's "Our Father'' 

Mrs. Levi S. Shively 

Muncie, Indiana 

THE disciples' proyef begins w^th the words, "Our Father." For 
most of us who are adults this has a depth of meaning. But what 
do our little children think when they say, "Ova Father, who art in 
heaven," or when they hear others use tbot expression? 

Sally's father drinks. He is unkind to her mother, he "beats up" 
the children, and he curses and swears. But Sally goes to the church 
school and there hears her teacher say, "God is our Father." What 
kind of a conception must Sally have of God? 

Dick's father is a teacher in the church school and a church officiaL 
Yet at home when he caimot have his own way he sometimes gets 
very angry and makes home a very unhappy place. It is a trying 
experience for Dick and the other children when for days the father 
does not talk to the rest of the family. Yet Dick hears him pray boldly 
to God as "Father." How confusing it must be! 

Bobby and Carol and Judy have lesis difficulty in understanding 
that God is "our Father." Their parents hove established a Christian 
home where love abides, where each is thoughtful of the other, where 
on attempt is made to have the experiences in the home interpret the 
real meaning of Christianity. Bobby has never seen God, but how easy 
it is for him to say, "If God is like my daddy, I love him, too." 

as they have contact with other 

There is a good deal of evi- 
dence that young children have 
no well-defined prejudices 
against people as groups. Five- 
year-old Harry may object to 
the way Paul builds a church 
with blocks, but he does not ob- 
ject to Paul because he is a 
Catholic or a Quaker, Children, 
in these early years, accept the 
people who give them security 
and reject those who do not. 
They do not associate their ac- 
ceptance or rejection with race 
or religion. The Negro nurse 
has been loved and respected for 
generations. Japanese - Ameri- 
can teachers were loved even 
though their pupils repeated 
glibly the adult expressions 
about the ."dirty Japs." 

Young children respond with 
naturalness and friendliness in 
their social relations v^ith all 
kinds of children until the un- 
desirability of such behavior is 
pointed o^t to them by older 
youth or adults. The curly hair 



or darker skin of the Negro 
playmate seldom evokes more 
questions than the natural curi- 
osity children exhibit over the 
color of the flowers on the teach- 
er's desk or the texture of the 
rabbit's fur. It is usually with 
extreme concern and confusion 
that a child learns for the first 
time that his best friends are 
Jewish or Negro and must be re- 
jected as playmates for these 
reasons. It is with even greater 
shock and insecurity < that the 
child of these groups learns that 
he is "different." 

While young children have no 
prejudices as such, they do form 
at early ages the basic attitudes 
on which prejudices are built. 
Many six-year-olds begin to 
show strong symptoms of preju- 
dices. And attitudes are con- 
tagious! Name-calling and forms 
of scapegoating are employed 
with increasing success until the 
upper elementary grades where 
well-defined prejudices are ex- 
hibited. By the time they be- 
come eighth or ninth graders, 
many children's prejudices have 
taken on many adult patterns. 

Getting at the roots of ways 
of thinking is not easy because 
it is difficult to understand chil- 
dren's feelings and attitudes ex- 
cept as they are reflected in be- 
havior. When attitudes are 
once established, they are up- 
rooted or eliminated with dif- 
ficulty. How, then, can the 
school change its curriculum to 
get beneath the causes of be- 
havior and develop in children 
the kinds of attitudes that are 
compatible with democratic per- 
sonality development and im- 
proved social living? 

One way is to build within 
children, from the beginning, a 
set of values which will direct 
their behavior and which if gen- 
erally accepted will make for a 
better society. What these val- 
ues are and what adults do to 
children in the process of build- 
ing them are of extreme im- 
portance in sensitizing children 
to improved human relation- 

Children learn democratic val- 
ues only as they live with them 
in their homes, the school and 
the community. They learn 
what respect and consideration 
mean when people, old and 
young, with whom they associ- 
ate show appreciation and un- 
derstanding of the things that 
happen, whether they be in the 
classroom, the halls, on the play- 
ground, or during the reading 
lesson. It is not enough to talk 
about desirable human relations 
in a class which meets from 
nine-thirty to ten o'clock each 
morning. Better ways of work- 
ing together need to be discussed 
often but co-operation is best 
learned when children work to- 
gether with enthusiasm on jobs 
which are significant to them 
and which further the plans of 
the group. As children engage 
in wider and richer experiences, 
their learnings become extended 
and deepened. 

Children whose emotional and 
developmental needs are met 
adequately during the formative 

years develop basic attitudes of 
friendliness and co-operation. 
On the other hand, children who 
have grown up midst thwarting 
and frustration show defensive 
attitudes and ways of behaving. 
It is necessary for any child to 
feel himself as a person of worth 
before he can attribute distinc- 
tions. No schoolteacher need 
suffer for treating John Johnson 
from the slums as well as she 
treats Lionel Boniface from the 
great house on the hill. No 
school board need lose public 
support through building a fine 
modern school in the poorest 
section of the city. Long ago, 
Americans decided that a 
wealthy man without children 
should be taxed in proportion to 
his wealth to support the educa- 
tion of other people's children. 
That principle enables America 
to go a long way toward realiz- 
ing the ideal expressed in the 
words-^to each child according 
to his need. 

Reprinted by permission from School 
Life, November 1945 

Eighty Years Old 
Ada Scrogujn 

Elkins, West Virginia 

Elder J. J. Scrogum of West Virginia 
has served the church faithfully for many 
years. His places and fields of serv- 
ice have been varied but his purpose and . 
dedication have been constant. He serves 
the church at Elkins now as best he can 
along with his daughter, Ada, who is the 
pastor there. She writes the following 
poem to commemorate the occasion of his 
eightieth birthday, January 12. 
It must be wonderful to reach old age, 

And then look back o'er the years, 
And think of all the time you have lived, 

With Its blessings and sorrows and tears, 
For after a person has reached eighty years 

His thoughts to the past have returned, 
He has lived his life, either good or bad. 

And many the lessons he's learned. 

It must be wonderful to reach old age, 

And think of the good you have done. 
How you've given your life in service to 
And now your life's race has been run. 
For with eighty years' time a person has 
Many chances to do a kind deed. 
And the joy that comes in the "sunset 
Is from helping another in need. 

It must be wonderful to reach old age. 

And then look ahead to the blue. 
And think of that beautiful home in heaven 

That awaits the faithful and true. 
For if won't be long after eighty years' 

Till the earthly days will be done. 
And the soul will leave its house of clay, 

And the heavenly crown will be won. 

The New Birth 

In each of the chapters of the 
Gospel of John, there is some one 
central word which is lifted up as 
the symbol and expression of a 
single great truth. In chapter 3, 
it is clearly the idea of a new birth. 
Today, as in every age, all men 
and women and children m,ust 
come to this point where they 
are born of the Spirit, and enter 
through God's grace and love into 
his perfect kingdom. This is the 
basis of all evangelism, and the be- 
ginning of all Christian growth. 
We must take that step. 

Monday. January 13 

Jesus Instructs Nicodemus. John 

3: 1-8. 

Nicodemus is typical of many- 
men of our day; a wise and honest 
man with an inquiring mind, he 
came to Jesus because he believed 
he had the truth. Scientists and 
scholars alike are proclaiming the 
dire need of a gospel of redemption, 
if we are to survive. Jesus' answer 
to Nicodemus of Washington and 
of Friendly Corner is the same as 
to the first Nicodemus: be born of 
the Spirit of God! 

Tuesday, January 14 

Failure to Grasp Spiritual Truth. 

John 3: 9-12. 

He might have gone away sus- 
picious and hostile; but he kept 
inquiring, and we can scarcely re- 
alize what that cost his Jewish 
pride. This is the way to find great 
truth, and he took it. Jesus was not 
impatient, nor was he complacent. 
The great man had to see that only 
through humiliation would come 

Wednesday, January 15 

God's Only Begotten Son — Savior. 

John 3: 13-21. 

There is a great contrast here be- 
tween man and God: God loving 
so incredibly; man shunning light, 
creeping into the dusky caves of his 
own selfishness and evil to hide 
from the light and warmth of the 
love of God. Francis Thompson's 
Hound of Heaven portrays the flight 

Edward Krusen Ziegler 

of man away from the love of a 
pursuing God. Read it. 

Thursday, January 16 
Jesus' Messiahship Again Affirmed. 

John 3: 22-36. 

Someone should write a great bi- 
ography of John, the Voice in the 
Wilderness. A chief point in his 
greatness is his splendid, self-effac- 
ing loyalty to the greater, Jesus 
Christ. He found his joy in eclipse 
that the great light of Christ might 
shine. Will you examine your own 
attitudes in teaching or preaching 
the gospel? 

Friday, January 17 
Nicodemus Pleads for a Fair TriaL 

John 7: 45-52. 

Many have criticized Nicodemus 
for coming to Jesus by night; clear- 
ly it was not cowardice but 
thoughtf ulness of Jesus' time. 
Here, where speaking out for fair- 
ness took high moral courage, he 
was not afraid. When does your 
courage shine out? In times of 
spectacular opportunity, or when it 
takes moral fortitude? 

Saltirday, January 18 

Nicodemus Assists at Jesus' BuriaL 

John 19: 38-42. 

Yes, it would have been magni- 
ficent had Nicodemus come out as 
an open follower of Jesus while he 
lived. But are we sure he did not? 
When it seemed like foolish loyalty 
to a lost cause, when even the clos- 
est friends had fled, Nicodemus is 
on hand with reverent compassion 
and costly gifts. The friendship 
had ripened into discipleship. 

Sunday, January 19 

Life Perfectly Transformed. 1 John 

3: 1-11. 

As in Leigh Hunt's Abou Ben 
Adhem, the true transformation is 
in the affections of man. He who 
loves his fellow men shows evi- 
dence of the new birth. The child 
of God has a new quality of love, 
and wide horizons for its outreach. 
And he has a new quality of pure 
character, too. See Francis of As- 
sisi, and Albert Schweitzer. 

JANUARY II. 1947 1$ 

• • • KUnCfdoiK QUG4i44Uf>l • • • 

Brotherhood Theme for 1946-47 

Christ the Hope of the World 
Calendar lor Sunday, January 12 

Lesson material is based on International Sunday School Les- 
sons, The International Bible Lessons for Christian Teaching, 
copyrighted by the International Council of Religious Education, 
and used by its permission. 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Authority of Jesus — John 
2. Memory Selection, His mother saith unto the ser- 
vants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. John 2: 5. 

B.Y.P.D. Topic for January, Here Is India. 

Gcnns for the Kingdom 
Nine baptized in the West Eel River church. 
Four baptized, four received by letter and twenty 
reconsecrated in the Center church, Indiana. 

Personal Mention 

Elder Silas K. Utz of the Eastern District of Maryland 
passed away suddenly on Dec. 19, we are informed by 
letter. The details will appear later. 

First-time visitors at the Publishing House just before 
the Christmas holiday were Brother and Sister Lamar 
Sechrist of the Yellow Creek church near Goshen, Ind. 

Bro. Lloyd A. Slater informs us that his address is 
changed from Colorado Springs, Colo., to P.O. Box 
2519, Denver, Colo. His correspondents will please note. 

Elder John Heckman was injured in an explosion 
from a gas heater in Phoenix, Ariz., where he is spend- 
ing the winter. After some time in the hospital he is 
much improved. 

Bro. D. C. Gnagy has accepted the position of assistant 
director of the United Church Service center at Rich- 
mond, Calif. He moves from San Francisco, where he 
has been pastor for some time. Correspondents should 
note this change in address. 

Brother and Sister David H. Sludebaker have moved 
to 1746 Thirty-fourth Ave., San Francisco 22, Calif., to 
take up the pastoral work of the San Francisco church. 
Formerly they had been located at West Manchester, 
Ind. Their correspondents should note this change of 

Brother and Sister L. Russell Johnson, their son and 
daughter, Richard and Thelma, and Brother and Sister 
Raymond Weaver stopped in Elgin to visit the Publish- 
ing House on their way home to Modesto, Calif. They 
had come to Indiana for the wedding of Norman John- 
son and Dorothea Chamberlin. 

Bro. John B. White of Nashville, Tenn., long-time dis- 
trict leader and youth director, is now teaching in the 
Philippines. He will be glad to look up Brethren boys 
who may be near, especially those with the APO No. 
719. Send names and complete addresses to the Breth- 
ren Service Committee, c/o Merlin Shull, 22 S. State 
Street, Elgin, 111. We will see that Brother White gets 
the information. 

Bro. L. W. Shultz sends a letter from Czechoslovakia 
saying that he and his party of seagoing cowboys ar- 
rived in due time in Poland. It will be remembered 
that their ship was wrecked in Chesapeake Bay before 
it got underway. He reports that they had a very good 
journey and that they are beginning to deliver materials 
in Europe. Some of the party are returning at once but 
Bro. Shultz and a few of them will remain in Europe 
for some time. 

Miscellaneous Items 

The supplies for the Antarctic expedition under Ad- 
miral Byrd include no liquor and no beer. The plans 
for the shore base at Little America have made no pro- 
visions for a bar. 

In December 670 missionaries left for China and the 
Philippines and 300 were due to sail to India. A con- 
tingent of missionaries flew to Africa and others left by 
boat for the same destination. The churches of Christ 
are glad that their workers can get back to these wait- 
ing lands. 

The Germantown church will celebrate its 224th an- 
niversary on Sunday, Jan. 26. Actually the anniversary 
falls on Christmas Day, Pastor Waltz tells us, but they 
decided to celebrate the occasion a little later. Bro. 
Calvert Ellis, president of Juniata College, will be the 
speaker on Jan. 26. 

Just before Christmas the White House was flooded 
with petitions urging the President to grant Christmas 
amnesty to all conscientious objectors. Among these 
letters was one from Dean Luther A. Weigle and seven- 
teen other professors at Yale Divinity School. The 
President's action is spoken of elsewhere on these pages. 

Prayer of a Filipino Christian: "Lord, make us realize 
that oxir Christianity is like a rice field. When it is 
newly planted, the paddies are prominent, but as the 
plants take root and grow taller, these dividing paddies 
gradually vanish and soon there appears only one vast 
continuous field. So give us roots of love and make us 
grow in Christian fellowship and service, that thy will 
may be done in our lives, through our Savior, thy Son, 
Jesus Christ. Amen." 

Amnesty. Moved by the rising voice of the American 
people against further imprisonment of conscientious 
objectors. President Truman on Dec. 23 appointed a 
three-man amnesty board to review the cases of those 
imprisoned and make recommendations concerning am- 
nesty. Director of the board is Owen J. Roberts, former 
justice of the Supreme Court. The other members are 
James F. O'Neill, a chief of police and Legionaire from 
New Hampshire, and Willis Smith, a former president of 
the American Bar Association, from North Carolina. 

They have before them a colossal task if they are to 
review the several thousand cases of those who are still 
branded with a criminal record; less of a task if they 
propose to review cases only for those remaining behind 
bars. They are to serve without pay. 

We can feel good that the President heard the voice 
of the American conscience on this matter but sorry that 
he was so timid about it. On the same day in which he 
shouldered this responsibility onto the shoulders of a 
board, General McNamey in Germany granted am- 
nesty to 800,000 "little Nazis" in Germany. Is having a 
conscience about war so much worse than being a "little 



• • • 

Do This: 

Write, a letter to the editor of at least one newspaper, 

urging world disarmament. 

There has been so much military propaganda against 
disarmament that people are confused. Many people 
really believe that disarmament was tried once and 
failed. Point out that it has never had a real trial. Ask 
why there is so much talk about peacetime conscrip- 
tion and huge armaments if we really want the United 
Nations to succeed in disarmament. 

The Haxhin church. Colorado, wishes to have it an- 
nounced that they are in need of a pastor. Mrs. Ola M. 
Switzer, Haxtun, Colo., is acting chairman of the min- 
isterial committee. 

The Greenwood congregation of Southern Missouri 
and Arkansas dedicated a new parsonage on Sunday, 
Dec. 29. Bro. Glen Swinger of Bethany was the special 
speaker. This parsonage was built almost entirely by 
volunteer labor by the members of the church. In five 
weeks' time it was nearly enough finished that the 
pastor, Max Hartsough, was able to move in. 

With Our Schools . . . 

Juniata College 

An impressive presentation of the pageant, The Holy 
Nativity, was given by students of the college's music 
and dramatics departments to highlight the pre-Christ- 
mas activities. 

Juniata College's fifty-three-piece symphony orches- 
tra, conducted by Prof. Herman F. SchoU, presented its 
season's first public concert in Oiler Hall on Dec. 19 as 
another high light of the college's yuletide musical pro- 
gram. Resuming its prewar status with complete per- 
sonnel, the orchestra presented a two-part program 
featuring the compositions of contemporary and old 

Other holiday season features included the annual 
bazaar held by the Y. W. C. A., the traditional reading 
of Dickens' Christmas Carol by Dr. C. C. Ellis, president 
emeritus, following the pre-holiday dinner for students, 
the Faculty Club Christmas party, and the carol singing 
by students before leaving for the two-week vacation. 

Surveyors have laid out the site for the college's new 
emergency classroom building obtained as surplus prop- 
erty from Fort Washington, near Arlington, Va. The 
temporary structure, similar to the veterans' housing 
units, will be located south of the varsity tennis courts 
behind the gymnasium. The building will include two 
classrooms and at least four faculty offices. Some fur- 
nishings for the building have been obtained from 
closed-out OPA offices in Mifflintown and Huntingdon, 
but it will be necessary to supplement these. 

Bro. WiUnir H. Neif, assistant professor of Biblical 
studies, and five students represented Juniata College 
at the annual Brethren Student Christian Movement 
Conference at McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas. 
Accompanying Rev. Neff were Myma J. Ankeny of She- 
locta, Charlotte R. Stutzman of Johnstown, Edwin E. 
Crist of Windber, Robert B. Mock of Windber and Wil- 
liam P. Nyce of Lansdale. 

A dynamic drive by workers in the Huntingdon-for- 
Juniata campaign moved the total nearer to the $100,000 
goal before Christmas as a subscribed amount of $90,- 
122.26 was reported by President Calvert N. Ellis. The 
total cannot be considered final because of contributions 
still unreported. 

Bro. Harper S. Will, pastor of the First Church of 
the Brethren in Chicago, will appear at the college dur- 
ing Spiritual Emphasis Week beginning Feb. 10. Bro. 
Will is a brother of Dr. Homer Will, professor of biology 
at Juniata. 

The Ihree-act play. Kind Lady, was presented by the 
Masque, undergraduate dramatics organization, to mark 
the third production to be given by the Masque since 
its inception last year. The play was directed by Miss 
Esther M. Doyle, instructor in dramatics and speech. 

Eugene A. Roddy, son of the Rev. and Mrs. C. S. 
Roddy, Wynnewood, Pa., has been elected president of 
the freshman class. Roddy, a pre-ministerial student, 

is one of 260 veterans enrolled at Juniata. Other officers 
elected were: Julius R. Long, vice-president; N. Kath- 
arine Long, secretary; and Robert L. Charles, treasurer. 

The college choir, under the direction of Prof. Charles 
L. Rowland, is planning a twenty-one-concert tour into 
Western Pennsylvania in February. This will be the 
first year since the war began that the choir has had 
sufficient personnel to select a full quota of men. 

A goal of $1,400 was set by student leaders for the 
annual Juniata World Service Fund campaign conduct- 
ed on the campus. Contributions were given to one or 
all of the following: World Student Service Fund, Red 
Cross, or H. Stover Kulp and J. M. Blough, missionaries. 

Two extension courses were conducted in Somerset, 
Pa., this fall by Dr. Edgar S. Kiracofe, professor of 
education, and Prof. H. H. Nye, assistant professor of 
history: Methods of Teaching in the Church School 
and History of the Church of the Brethren. 

La Verne College 

Chrisinnas vacation found our veterans' building 
ready for occupancy. 

The alumni midyear reunion has been set for Feb. 15. 
Basketball and a big party will be features of the occa- 

Plans for the men's dormitory have been approved 
by the Los Angeles County engineering department, 
and Harvey M. Hanawalt, a well-known Brethren con- 
tractor and builder of La Verne, has agreed to supervise 

The college bus took a delegation of twenty-five to 
the Brethren S. C. M. conference at McPherson College 
over the Thanksgiving vacation. The return trip was 
made in forty-five hours. The conference was a much 
appreciated experience. 

The Pacific Spectator, a quarterly journal of inter- 
pretation sponsored by twenty-one colleges and univer- 
sities of the Pacific coast, will appear in January. The 
Stanford University Press will be the publishers. La 
Verne is participating in this co-operative venture. 

Fred Biillerbaugh and S. Paul Daugherty have been 
working mainly in Northern California this fall. The 
response of the churches has been very favorable. In 
January the men will attend district conferences in 
Oregon and Washington. Following that, they will set- 
tle down to a campaign coverage of Southern California. 

A New Era banquet will be held at Modesto on Jan. 
31, in connection with the Pacific Coast Regional con- 
ference, which convenes there Jan. 26 to 31. J. Munroe 
Warner, area director of the National Conference of 
Christians and Jews, will give the address. His subject 
will be Courage to Dare. The banquet for Southern 
California and Arizona will be held at La Verne on 
March 28, with Dr. Harold Case as speaker. 

Dr. J. O. Kinnaman of Long Beach, who has spent 
over fifty years in archeological work, gave an illustrat- 
ed address on Dec. 10 on The Story of Abraham as told 
by Archeology. Dr. Kinnaman was an intimate asso- 
ciate of the late Sir Flinders Petrie, famous British ar- 
cheologist, and assisted in the exploration of King Tut's 

Dean Lorell Weiss represented La Verne at the meet- 
ing of the Western College Association held at the Col- 
lege of the Pacific in November; Dr. K. A. Sarafian, 
professor of education, attended the meeting of the 
California Council on Teacher Education at Fresno in 
December; and President C. Ernest Davis expects to 
attend the meeting of the Association of American Col- 
leges at Boston in January. 

JANUARY 11, 1947 


Oun. MiUioH. WoftA 


Lois Netzley Shull 

Palghar, Thana District, India 

Part III 

Parts I and IJ appeared in the August 
3 and 17 issues respectively. 

As a number of us were sitting on 
the hatch one day, getting a little 
sunshine, the first officer came along 
to see about fixing the hatch for the 
children's playroom. He ordered it 
washed with heavy soap and water 
and a fence built around it. He was 
a very intelligent map but quite cyn- 
ical about life and Christianity. He 
remarked on the side to me, "You 
better watch out or these mission- 
aries will be trying to convert you!" 
Then seeing Dr. and Mrs. Arthur 
Mosher standing near, he held his 
hand over his mouth and whispered, 
"Are they missionaries?" It was so 
funny I laughed out loud. 

"Very definitely," I answeresd, 
"and so are we." 

"Go on! I know better! Your 
husband has been on deck with 
. binoculars every day since we left 
'port."" " 

Then Ernie joined us. 

"Your wife is trying to tell me you 
are ,a missionary," laughed the first 

"We are,'' smiled Ernie. 

"But I thought you were a scientist 
with the State Department." 

"I was trained as a scientist," re- 
plied Ernie, "but now missionary 
work is my vocation." 

"What will you do over there?" he 

"Some evangelistic work and some 
educational work," answered Ernie. 

The first officer asked about Ar- 
thur Mosher. Then Ernie told him 
that Art is an agricultural mission- 
ary; that there are missionaries who 
are specialists in different fields, for 
Christianity applies to all of life. 

"I. would not think your science 
and religion would mix," the first 
officer commented. 

"On the contrary," insisted Ernie, 
"I see no contradiction between 

"Would you like to go on a tour of 
the bridge?" invited the fiast officer. 
"I'll show you ' radar and all the 
latest scientific development on the 



"Thanks! I sxirely would," Ernie 

Thus began a very, interesting 
friendship. Many times the two men 
sat together, disctissing everything 
from the life of a sailor to religion 
and current eveilts. When it was 
nearly time to leave the ship the first 
officer asked if he might come to vis- 
it our mission the next time he came 
to Bombay. 

The children were greatly pleased 
with their new place to play. A sand 
box was built in one comer and a 
shower under a tarpaulin was rigged 
up for hot afternoons. It developed, 
also, into a very nice place for moth- 
ers to get acquainted. 

What excitement! A ship off star- 
board! The passengers rushed from 
the dining hall, leaving a delicious 
breakfast of ham and eggs to get 
cold while they gazed at a dirty old 
tanker rocking in the white caps like 
a soap dish in the bathtub. To know 
that other people were so near was 
a great comfort. , 

Sl O. S.! A Liberty ship 200 miles , 
away had been split in two by the 
rough sea. The half that had the 
radio apparatus did not know the lo- 
cation of the other half. Since there 
was another ship nearer to the wreck 
than the Marine Jumper, we con- 
tinued on our course. 

One afternoon the announcement 
came from the bridge that at 1630 
o'clock (4:30 p. m.) the ship would 
pass between Iwo Jima and Little 
Iwo. The usual hilarity and excite- 
ment over, unusual events was lack- 
ing on this occasion. People gath- 
ered on the decks and gazed thought- 
fiilly at these two little islands, one 
long and flat, the other a movmtain 
jutting up out of the sea. We were 
remembering the thousands of lives 
that had been sacrificed here only 
a short time before. Our ship was a 
troop transport and we were carry- 
ing troops. It was easy to imagine 
what it might have been like bring- 
ing reinforcements to these blood- 
drenched islands. 

After we passed the international 
date line the water was considered 
to be mine infested. The sailors re- 
ceived five dollars a day more be- 
cause of the increased danger. A pe- 

culiarly curved radar plate on top at 
the crow's-nest was kept revolvihg 
night and day. Once while we wi^e 
all sleeping blissfully, the ship 
passed within 200 yards of a floating 
mine. ; 

As we came nearer and nearer the 
equator the weather became ex- 
tremely hot. In spite of an electric 
fan the stateroom was almost im- 
bearable. The passengers' dragged 
their cots out on deck to catch any 
stray breeze that might be drifting 
along. The men decided to sleep in 
our cabin with the children every 
other night while we took our turn 
in the open air. 

Those tropical nights in the China 
Sea! AU sUvery moonlight and 
dancing waves, a fairy path across 
the water to the sky! Never had I 
seen sUch a beautiful sky! The 
twinkling stars set in velvet were so 
near that I could nearly reach out 
and touch them, and the moon was 
fuU. The three of us made our beds 
in a life raft high above the deck, 
where we could lie on our backs 
watching the night. The~ crow's-nest 
was silhouetted against the sky ex- 
cept for the few spots that were 
touched by the bridge lights. The 
ship rocked gently like a true "cradle 
of the deep." Then suddenly the 
ship did not seem to be rocking at 
all; it was the sky rocking, rocking, 

Sunrise! There are few experi- 
ences so worship-inspiring as the ris- 
ing of the sun, and this one was very» 
very, beautiful. Instinctively we be- 
gan to sing Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord 
Grod Almighty. We were not aware 
of our sea-spray drenched blankets 
until we started folding them before 
going down into the cabin. 

Time began to lag. The soldiers 
sat on deck with nothing to do but 
talk and dream of home. Why did 
we not think sooner of group enter- 
tainment! I remembered the many 
nights in America when young peo- ] 
pie in camps had enjoyed themselves 
playing singing games. The recre- 
ational director approved of the plan; 
so we advertised a night of fun to be 
held in the bow of the ship where 
there would be plenty of room. An 
old organ and an accordion were dug - 
out from somewhere for the occa- 
sion. It seemed as if everyone came. 
Those who did not care to play sat 
on the side lines and helped sing. It: 
was a huge success! Every free night, 
after that became a night for singing; 

We were nearing Singapore, one 
of the most famous cities in the 
world. Everything was excitement 
and expectancy! Instead of the us- 
ual dining bell in the passageways, a 
boy had to walk up and down the 
decks ringing a cowbell to get the 
passengers to breakfast. We were 
not steering a straight course now; 
we were weaving in and out among 
beautiful tropical islands covered 
with palm trees and lacy ferns. Each 
one was just about big enough for a 
private estate. Here and there one 
could see a Chinese pagoda with its 
curved roof. 

Flag signals were sent, asking for 
a pUot. Presently a British pilot 
came aboard, immaculate in white. 
The gold and black braid on his cap 
and shoulders glistened in the early 
morning sun. He guided us through 
the channel into the harbor of Singa- 

The ship headed toward a dirty 
little island on port side and finally 
dropped anchor against its oily dock. 
Not far away we saw a Japanese 
ship that had been sunk during the 
war with only her mast extending 
above the water. Evidently she was 
not worth raising. All around were 
ships lying at anchor. Four miles 
away could be seen the mainland of 
the Malayan States and Singapore. 

On the pier little Malayan men, 
wearing loincloths and straw hats 
that came to a peak on top, were 
pulling twelve-inch pipe around, for 
we were here for refueling. Pas- 
sengers gathered along the railing 
watching them curiously. Evidently 
they found us peculiar too. Action 
really started when the Marine 
Jumperites began tossing things 
down to the Malayans. Oranges, 
chewing gvun, candy bars, cigarettes 
and many other things caused a mad 
scramble on the dock. When one of 
them caught a candy bar he would 
laugh and yell for joy. 

The four miles into Singapore 
proved impassable for most of vis, for 
there was no transportation into the 
city. A few sailors hired Chinese 
junks to take them in. We were al- 
lowed to walk on the island, how- 
ever. Ernie went in the afternoon 
for he wanted to see birds. He met 
a Malayan gentleman who went with 
him on a hike and later took him to 

After dinner when it was yet light 
but much cooler Kathryn and I 
walked around the island. Away 
from the oily dock we found a beau- 
tiful retreat. An inviting path lined 
with palm trees led up over the hill 
to elaborate homes owned by gov- 
ernment officials. It was a tropical 

paradise. Down on the other side of 
the island was a Malayan village. 
Little men gathered around us to 
look lis over. I felt just like Gul- 
liver. Our ship was the first ship 
since the beginning of the war that 
had allowed passengers ashore; so 
white women were a curiosity. We 
tried to buy some sandals, but of 
course all of them were too small. 

When we came around to the oil 
installations we could see the work 
of our B-29's. This territory was for- 
merly held by the Japanese. All 
around were piles of stones that had 
been buildings, stacks of rubbish and 
old metal, twisted oil tanks and even 
a crude Japanese trench. 

When we came aboard ship again 
drunken sailors were on deck. They 
had thrown deck chairs, bedding, 
cots, and other things that had been 
left, overboard. Sleeping out on 
deck did not sound like such a good 
idea! The ship sailed from the har- 
bor of Singapore at six the next 

To Our Threshold 

Clyde and Eleanor Carter 

Bulsar, India 

As fellow passengers pointed out 
the sights of New York, we steamed 
out of the harbor at 5:30 p.m., on 
Aug. 30, 1946, bound for the first lap 
of our journey, Alexandria, Egypt, 
which was some sixteen days away. 

It did not take us long to find out 
that we were on a troopship which 
meant that our sleeping quarters 
were two decks apart, but our days 
were spent together out on the open 
deck making friends with fellow 
missionaries of other denomina- 
tions. We were informed that there 
were some fifty-nine missionaries 
among the 850 passengers on board. 
From this group came the high 
point of our voyage. It was so or- 
ganized that we had religious serv- 
ices almost every evening and 
twice on Sundays with different 
ones taking charge each time. It 
was a glorious experience to wit- 
ness and hear witnessed the fact of 
one God and one Savior, Jesus 

A goodly portion of the passen- 
gers were dispersed at Haifa, Pal- 
estine, where we docked after sail- 
ing fourteen days. From on board 
ship we viewed this city which in 
Jesus' time was called Joppa, built 
at the foot of Mt. Carmel. 

Two days later we began the sec- 
ond lap of our journey. EHsem- 
barking at Alexandria, Egypt, we 
journeyed to Cairo by train. At 
Cairo we learned that ships to In- 
dia were not sailing for at least 

another week, and, having been ad- 
vised to get to India as soon as 
possible, we made arrangements to 
fly the following day. 

Would you believe that we had 
breakfast in Cairo, September 17, 
lunch in the air over Palestine, and 
dinner that evening in Basrah, Iraq? 
During that same day we viewed 
from the air the Suez Canal, the 
head of the Jordan River, the 
Trans-Jordan Valley, the holy city 
of Jerusalem, Jericho, and the 
Mount of Temptation, and landed 
on the Dead Sea — because our plane 
was a seaplane. The following day 
we flew on to Karachi, India, where 
we made plans to come even nearer 
to our threshold. After one day we 
were again "winging our way" to 
Bombay; this trip was made by 
land plane. It took but four hours, 
but if we had come by train, it 
would have taken two and one half 
days; or by ship, three days. 

We arrived at Bombay Friday 
evening at five p.m. We went to 
the missionary home of Lynn Blick- 
enstaff. We spent the week end 
observing the Hindu, the Moham- 
medan, and the Parsi religious 
practices, which included their 
places and modes of worship and 
their ways of disposing of the dead. 

On the "fast" train from Bombay 
to Bulsar, Mrs. Lynn Blickenstaff 
accompanying us, we were sped the 
forty miles to the Palghar station. 
The Palghar mission was seen from 
our train. At Dahanu Road, we 
were presented with lovely roses 
from Dr. Nickey, Dr. Peters, Broth- 
er and Sister Lichty, and Dr. Alli- 

Awaiting us as we alighted from 
the train at Bulsar were Dr. Cot- 
trell, Betty Blickenstaff and her two 
children, the elder of the Bulsar 
church, and other Indian Chris- 
tians. The beautiful custom of 
greeting new missionaries was ex- 
pressed as wreaths were placed 
about our necks, and bouquets were 
presented to us. We had our first 
"tonga" ride from the station to the 
Cottrells' home. 

Thanks be to Almighty God for 
our safe journey to India. We are 
grateful to you in America for your 
support of spiritual and material 

We are now at our threshold, 
Bulsar; this threshold opens into 
the "door" of two years of language 
study before we assume full mis- 
sion responsibilities. Each thresh- 
old thus opens into even greater 

JANUARY 11. 1947 


BfietU^ueH. Se/udce 

Did You Ever Hear of Walcheren Island? 

In the Netherlands paper Provinciale Zeerische Courant for October 
25, 1946, there was an article describing our work on Walcheren Island. 
It has been translated from the Dutch and is reprinted in full here. It 
is reproduced not as acclaim for our work — for we are doing all too 
little — but to show the deep, heartfelt gratitude of these people who are 
receiving our help. It ought to make us humble about the little we 
can do. The headline reads: 

Practical Idealists Are Working 

in Hushing-Havendorp 

Since the liberation of Walcheren 
many foreign help-teams are help- 
ing the sacrificed island. English 
Quakers and Danish people and also 
students from Switzerland, Czech- 
oslovakia and Belgium have come 
to help. 

Perhaps none of them has per- 
formed its task with such great 
modesty as the little unit of the 
American Brethren Service Com- 
mittee, which established itself this 
sumnxer in Flushing - Havendorp 
and works especially with those in 
need of medical, social and material 
help, giving food and bed linens. 
The members of this team have al- 
ready received many trailers of re- 
lief goods. 

This little church community in 
America sent not less than thirty- 
five tons of food and over forty- 
nine bales of children's new cloth- 
ing. Only a little part of the food 
and clothing has been distributed 
yet, and this has been done so qui- 
etly that practically no w^ord has 
been given. Among the hundreds 
of needed houses in Havendorp, the 
authorities of Flushing reserved 
two houses for these people, one 
of which is used as a warehouse. 
There they are living among the 
people they would help. Because 
of the jeep standing in front of the 
door and the many children who are 
attracted to this quarter, it is not 
difficult to find their house, from 
which they have sight of the des- 
olation of the Flushing harbor. 

When people ask what they are 
doing, they answer that they are 
helping where help is necessary by 
distributing special food to ill peo- 
ple, helping in families where the 
mother is ill, etc. There is much 
demand for such help, and so you 

can find them many hours in Flush- 
ing homes caring for babies and 
cleaning rooms. They are working 
with the Dutch Red Cross organiza- 
tion and H.A.R.K., and the driver 
in this group has already ridden 
over many miles for these organi- 
zations. This driver was a farmer 
in private life. He left his farm 
in Pennsylvania, sold his cattle so 
that his wife and children would 
be taken care of, and went to Eu- 
rope to help there. From this you 
can see with what kind of a spirit 
that little team is inspired. They 
have already received a large quan- 
tity of clothing, a large part of 
which is still to be distributed by 
H.A.R.K. As this is mostly chil- 
dren's clothing, the intention is to 
distribute this among the children, 
and if possible in West Zeeland. 

The thirty-five tons of food, of 
which fifty ill people have already 
received something, will be distrib- 
uted among the tuberculosis pa- 
tients and other ill people. The 
vegetables and fruits will be dis- 
tributed in like manner. In this 
way this little team, under the 
leadership of Mrs. Eldon Burke, is 
helping. They intend to stay here 
for a year to see what are the 

The Brethren unit on Walcher- 
en Island is made up of Mrs. 
Eldon Burke, Martha and Lois 
Rupel and Isaac Earhart. 



needs and requirements of the peo- 
ple of Walcheren. They are sorry 
they do not speak Dutch. They 
have already found so many friends 
that their house seems to be too 
small. They try to help in all mod- 
esty and to do what their hands 
find to do. 

Brethren Women Aid Saint 
Nicholas on Walcheren Island 

"Why, I helped cut those patches 
at the New Windsor relief center!" 
exclaimed Martha Rupel, Brethren 
relief worker while making a trip 
through the H.A.R.K. (National Re- 
lief Action Red Cross) warehouse 
in Middleburg, on the island of 
Walcheren. The child's comforter 
on which was found the telltale 
patch was opened and a tag inside 
showed that it was made and sent 
by the Cedar Grove church of the 
Mt. Carmel congregation in Eastern 

A bit farther on was a huge pile 
a boys' blue wool overalls, which 
Virginia Bowman said she had 
helped make with a group of C.P.S. 
wives in a mental hospital unit. 

In the warehouse were piles of 
brown, wine-red and blue wool 
skirts for girls, chambray blouses, 
brown and gray-green girls' jump- 
ers and boys' khaki wool shorts, 
which four men were sorting into 
sizes for distribution next week in 
time for St. Nicholas day, which 
comes in the Netherlands on De- 
cember 6. Each child on the island 
is to receive an article of clothing 
made by Brethren women from 
cloth furnished by American Re- 
lief for Holland. Labels inside the 
clothing bore the name of the New 
Windsor center, and sometimes of 
the church making the garment. 

A look at the clothing ration pic- 
ture will demonstrate just what this 
will mean to the Walcheren chil- 
dren. Dutch rations allow twenty 
points for six months. A skirt takes 
eight to ten points; a pair of pants 
ten to twelve; a child's coat fifteen 
to twenty. Many times, although 
one has the points, no goods can 
be foimd in the stores. This is 
especially true of children's under- 
wear. And in the Netherlands 
there is almost no black market. 
Add to this the fact that many 
Walcheren people lost almost all 
their possessions during the occu- 
pation and bombing, the artillery 
fire and the flood. 

Brethren women were a real help 
to St. Nicholas on Walcheren Island 
this year. We can look back on the 
Christmas season of 1946 as a time 
when the spirit of kindness took 
practical form, bringing happiness 
to little children. This bit of 
thoughtful service may serve as a 
stroke on the canvas of lasting peace. 

High Lights of the New 
Windsor Conference 

All districts except Colorado, Mid- 
dle Missouri, Northeastern Ohio, and 
North Carolina were represented at 
the New Windsor district B.S.C. 
workers' conference November 26 to 
December 4. Forums on material 
aid, peace education and action, pro- 
motion, and general B.S.C. work 
were daily features of the program. 
Two hours of daily work in the re- 
lief center were an integral part of 
the schedule. 

Visit to Washington. D. C. 
On the last day of the conference, 
the delegates traveled on a char- 
tered bus to the nation's capital 
where each delegate visited his sen- 
ators and representatives or their ad- 
ministrative assistants. Concerns re- 
garding conscription, amnesty for 
conscientious objectors, disarma- 
ment, relief activities following 
UNRRA, and the like were ex-i 
pressed. The afternoon featured vis- 
its to the NSBRO office, Department 
of Agriculture, National Council for 
the Prevention of War, and UNRRA 
offices. Ten of the group were elect- 
ed to visit David Niles, secretary to 
President Truman. The points of 
view of the Church of the Brethren 
on conscription, disarmament and re- 
lief measures following the end of 
UNRRA's work were stated to him. 
The day ended with a speech by an 
FAO representative and an evalua- 
tion session in the Washington 
Church of the Brethren. 
Visit to United Nations Assembly 
Thirty of the group spent the day 
after the conference at Lake Suc- 
cess, N. Y., visiting committee meet- 
ings of the United Nations Assem- 
bly. Most of the group enjoyed the 
spectacle of Tom Connally and Mo- 
lotov shaking hands in a meeting of 
a subcommittee of the Political and 
Security Committee when the 
U.S.S.R. and U.S.A. delegations 
agreed on a vital phase of the dis- 
armament proposal. 
A Manual for District and Local 

The findings of the conference 
were compiled into a 113-page man- 
ual for district and local B.S.C. 
workers. Copies of this important 
manual can be secured by writing to 
Director of Field Organization, 
Brethren Service Committee, 22 S. 
State Street, Elgin, 111. 

Those in attendance at the confer- 
ence were: Robert Byrd, W. RusseU 
Burriss, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Duke, 
D. D. Fleishman, Austin Filer, Ho- 
mer F. Caskey, Charles Dumond, Mr. 
and Mrs. W. E. Ickes, R. R. Bright- 





November 26, 1946 
Heifer Project Committee 
New Windsor, Md. 
Dear Mr. Bushong: 

I am informed that your organization, the heifer-project committee of the 
Brethren Service Committee, has assembled a boatload of heifers v/hich you 
will contribute to UNRRA for shipment from New Orleans to China in December. 
This ^A^ill be the first boat of cattle to go to China, and is one of the most im- 
portant gifts that UNRRA has received. Thousands of the cattle you have 
donated are now in Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy and Poland helping the farm- 
ers there to restore theif war-torn lands and feed the populations — rural and ur- 
ban — of these countries which lost 50% of their livestock in the war. The ar- 
tificial insemination program in Greece, set up by UNRRA with your assistance, 
has materially helped to improve the depleted breeding stock of that suffering 

The fine spirit of practical Christianity and the faith that your group has 
shown are examples to us all in these days when, without faith, we cannot 
progress. Your movement, beginning modestly as it did, has spread its spirit 
and its work. Transcending barriers of nationality and religious conviction, 
it has drawn to itself members of many denominations, and illustrated what 
can be accomplished when conviction and efficient enterprise and fine Chris- 
tian generosity are combined. 

I understand that your organization has decided to continue its work for 
two years after UNRRA ceases. This is further exemplification of its validity. 
May I congratulate and thank you in the name of those we have all been 
trying to help and wish you every success in the future. 

Sincerely yours, 
F. H. La Guardia 
Director General 

bill, A. Stauffer Curry, Julian 
Griggs, Paul Keller, Robert Knechel, 
H. Spenser Minnich, Willard Pow- 
ers, W. Harold Row, W. Harlan 
Smith, Arthur Pursell, Charles 
Rohrer, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Mathis, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Musseknan, Abe 
Neff, Mark Y. Schrock, T. G. Weav- 
er, Edward Crill, D. H. Hoover, J. 
Wilbum Lewallen, Leonard M. 
Lowe, G. A. Zook, James Elrod, M. 
L. Woodhatch, Ora DeLauter, Wayne 
E. Wheeler, Arthur Taylor, A. W. 
Adkins, X. L. Coppock, Dwight Dell, 
Arthur L. Dodge, "Howard F. Er- 
baugh, G. W. Young, Stanley G. 
Keller, Rufus Bucher, Bernard King, 
J. Herbert Miller, Milton L. Hersh- 
ey, Harper M. Snavely, Mr. and 
Mrs. Levi K. Ziegler, Perry L. Huf- 
faker, Guy West, Russell G. West, 
O. R. Hersch, Harvey M. Landis, El- 
vert F. Miller, Minor M. Myers, I. C. 
Senger, W. H. Zigler, Mrs. Carl 
Spangler, Guy Wampler, William G. 
Willoughby, Mrs. Arthur Hartman, 
Norman A. Seese, Robert L. Strick- 
ler, Reuel Pritchett, and Walter Mil- 


and Inspiration . . . 

Two carloads of cereal for Russia 
are on their way. Reports from 
abroad say that the Ukraine and 
Byelorussia are among the neediest 
areas in Europe. 

Gordon Shull has taken up work 

as a full-time promotional man for 
Church World Service in Michigan. 

The following account is a recent 
report from the New Windsor cen- 
ter: Purchases in the material aid 
department have included 2,000 
blankets, which were delivered here 
last week. We have on order four 
carloads of flour, 200 barrels of dried 
milk and two cars of cereal. Pur- 
chases for which we are negotiating 
include $5,000 worth of shoes, two 
cars of soybeans, two cars of wheat 
and two cars of cereal. 

A check for $40 came from a couple 
in North Dakota not long ago, and 
with it came this story: "Last Easter 
Day we discovered an extra calf in 
our pasture, one of a pair of twin 
heifers. We decided to raise it for 
the church. We are so far from any 
shipping point, however, that we felt 
perhaps it was better to give in 
money what the calf is worth. So 
that is what we are sending and we 
would like it to go for Brethren 

In his new work in Germany, Er- 
nest Lefever is visiting civilian in- 
ternment camps (population about 
255,000 in three camps), prisoners 
of war (POW's), and Dienst-grippen 
(small service units made up of 
Germans who are not POWs and 
not free men). He seeks to discover 
and fill the educational and leisure- 
time needs of the men. 

JANUARY 11, 1947 


^ha Gku^icU <U W04A 

A Weekly Discussion Group at International House 

F. Henle 

Preparing for Race Relations Sunday, Feb. 9 

Foster M. Bittinger 

Port Republic, Virginia 

The race problem is one of the 
biggest problems of this day. It 
is the problem of living together 
with our fellow man, and on that 
depends our very existence. If we 
do not solve it, our civilization will 
not long exist. Nazism tried an 
answer, but it ended in destruction. 
Christianity has an answer also. 
What is that answer and how can 
we work it out? What can the 
church do? What can we as indi- 
vidual Christians and Americans do? 
I. Clarify the Issues. 

Jesus lived in a period of strong 
racism and cultural tensions. Dis- 
cuss what he meant to include in the 
term our Father (Matt. 6: 9). What 
did he mean in saying, "Whoever 
does the will of my Father in heav- 



en is my brother" (Matt. 12: 50) ? 
Paul said, "For he is our peace, who 
hath made us both one, and hath 
broken down the dividing wall of 
hostility" (Eph. 2: 14). Discuss what 
you gather from these and other 
scriptures regarding the purpose of 
Christ and the church, regarding the 
dividing wall of racism. 

But we still have racism, racial 
tensions, oppression and segrega- 
tion. In 1835 a query came to the 
Conference of the Church of the 
Brethren asking, "How is it to re- 
ceive colored people into the 
church?" The answer was, "Con- 
sidered to make no difference on ac- 
count of color." Later queries came 
regarding the working out of that 
principle, and the answer was (1835) 
to have patience with those who 
could not grant equality. 

As Brethren we have been inter- 
ested in the Negro in Africa, but 
have not been interested in him 
here. We always forbade our mem- 
bers to hold him as slave but have 
done almost nothing for him. We 
have not tried to evangelize him. 
In 1945 there wa5 a query from 
Western Maryland asking our church 
to take action in this field. Discuss 
what came of it. What should come 
of it? 

II. Read on the Problem. 

The following is a minimum re- 
quirement. (If address is not given, 
order through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House.) 

A Monthly Summary of Events 
and Trends in Race Relations. Free. 
Social Science Dept., Fisk Universi- 
ty, Nashville 8, Tenn. 

Together (newsletter monthly). 
Free. Congregational Church, 289 
Fourth Ave., New York 10, N. Y. 

There Are Things to Do (practical 
suggestions). 5c. Lillian Smith, 
Clayton, Ga. 

Nosing Out Prejudice (program for 
high school youth). 5c. 

Building Bridges (Christian, Jew, 
Catholic relationhips). 25c. 

What the Bible Teaches About 
Freedom. 5c. Fellowship of Recon- 
ciliation, 2929 Broadway, New York 
25, N. Y, 

Christian Youth and Interracial 
Understanding (a guide to youth ac- 
tion). 20c. 

Races of Mankind (a scientific in- 
terpretation of race. Modem). 10c. 

Outcasts (the Japanese-American 
problem). 15c. 

Indians? India's Revolution (prob- 
lem of India, its challenge and 
meaning). 10c. Fraternal Book 
Shop, 303 Fourth Ave., New York 
10, N. Y. 

Portrait of a Pilgrim (story of a 
pastor who tried to apply Christian 
principles to the race problem. Very 
good). C. G. Gallager. 60c in pa- 

To Stem the Tide (survey of ten- 
sion areas in America. Valuable), 
Chas. Johnson. 50c, 

Brethren Community Service 
(program of conmiunity service, in- 
cluding race). Dan West. 15c, 

III. Discuss the Problem. Get the 

What is race? Are their superior 
races, or just superior individuals? 

Are there more differences or 
similarities among races? 

Is race prejudice an instinct, or 
how is it acquired? Get the facts. 

What is the "place" of the Negro? 

With the Minister . . . H. L. Hortoough 

Before the Wedding 

On a recent field trip I was met at the station by one of our elders who 
is eighty years old but is enjoying good health and is still actively engaged 
in the work of the church, an evidence of good living. He took me to his 
comfortable home, which had all the mark? of good Brethrenism. During 
the evening a young couple came to his home to be married. I have at- 
tended many weddings, many of them elaborate church weddings, but I 
was never more deeply impressed with a wedding service than the one 
observed in our brother's home. Before performing the ceremony ovu: 
brother did one of the finest pieces of pastoral counseling that I have ever 
heard. The genuineness and the sincerity of the warm fatherliness made 
this counseling impressive and worth while. No minister should perform 
a wedding ceremony without seeking the opportunity to do what our brother 
did in such a splendid way. After the counseling the ceremony proceeded. 
I have used and have heard used the Presbyterian service, the Episcopal 
service and others but the eloquence of deep sincerity that I heard from 
our brother matched the most scholarly ceremony I have every heard. The 
only point in telling this story is to suggest to our ministers that they take 
more time for pastoral counseling in this field of homemaking. In these 
days when America is developing a shamefully high record of broken 
homes we cannot do less than our brother did for these fine young people. 
Also I would like to impress upon you that eloquence is more a matter of 
sincerity than a matter of phrases. 

The Jew? The white man? Is your 
answer based on the teaching of 
Senator Bilbo or of Christ? 

American practice is based on a 
"caste" system almost as bad as In- 
dia's. Prove it or disprove it as re- 
lating to housing, jobs, schools, eat- 
ing places, travel. Is this Christian 
or pagan? Is it democracy? 

Does America's record on race 
help or hinder foreign missions? 
How about the record of the Chris- 
tian church in America? 

Should the church fully integrate 
all races or have segregated church- 
es? How did Paul attempt it? 

IV. Take Social Action. Come to 
Grips With the Problem. 

Observe Race Relations Sunday, 
February 9 and Brotherhood Week, 
February 16-23. 

General suggestions: 

Help free our race from the illu- 
sion of superiority. 

Train our children to be world- 
minded Christians and democratic- 
minded citizens. 

Treat everyone in accord with the 
Christian principle of the value of 
human personality, and not accord- 
ing to racism based on color of skin. 

Defend the rights of all races to 
equal opportunity and protection. 

Build bridges between groups that 
differ in color, culture, and faith. 

Build bridges of understanding 
and each will enrich life and per- 

Learn to know cultured. Christian, 
and educated people of other races. 
Many in our church have never 
heard a cultured Negro speak a 

Help our church recognize her re- 
sponsibility to God alone, fearlessly 
standing for the right and condemn- 
ing wrong wherever it arises. 

Help remove unjust discrimina- 
tion in restaurants, travel, employ- 
ment, housing, schooling, hotels, etc. 

Specific suggestions: 

Exchange pulpits with one of an- 
other race. 

Exchange B.Y.P.D. or musical pro- 
grams with other racial groups. Why 
is it better to exchange rather than 
merely to invite another group in? 

Plan to send representatives to 
the interracial camp to be held this 
year at Camp Galilee in West Vir- 
ginia in June, just shortly after An- 
nual Conference. 

Write our General Mission Board, 
inquiring what is being done in re- 
gard to missions among Negroes. 
Urge action ,on the 1945 query. 

Plan an international, interracial 
fellowship supper, with the people of 
various groups attending. 

Study the newspapers to detect 
outstanding events in the field of 
race relations. Report to your group. 
Plan to protest the wrong, and com- 
mend the good in writing. 

Plan an interracial committee to 
work on the problem of play- 
grounds, housing, jobs, eating facili- 
ties, sanitation, legislation, clean-up 
campaign, etc. 

Work for the abolition of the poll 
tax and white primaries. 

Have brotherhood observances, 
with speakers of other races, in Ro- 
tary, Lions, and other civic clubs, 
and in your church groups. 

Study segregation as practiced in 

hospitals, schools, and other organ- 
izations. How do church institutions 
compare with state institutions? Re- 
port to your group, and then work 
to make the church more Christian. 

Speak out against injustice and 
caste wherever it is practiced. 

Read a book by a Negro, and write 
him about it. To start, try And If I 
Were White by Chancellor WiUiams. 

Seek out a Negro or a Negro fami- 
ly with whom you can become good 
friends. This is even in keeping 
with good Southern customs. 

Shun offensive terms, such as 
nigger, dago, darkey, kraut, coon, 
etc., as you would shun the itch. 

Use terms of respect such as Mr., 
Mrs., Miss with members of other 
races, especially when, if you did not 
use them, it would be considered as 
cowardice or impoliteness. 

Go as far as you can, and com- 
mend those who have the courage 
and brotherly kindness to go farther. 


The Christian church teaches 
brotherhood but practices segrega- 
tion and caste. Set out to change it^ 
Have faith that things can change^ 
Let both the teachings of our Chris- 
tian Scriptures and the threatening 
perils of our Atomic Age persuade 
us that things must change. Then in 
the name of Christ and the church 
go to work on things. Become a cru- 
sader and make your church a cru- 
sading church. Nothing less will 
satisfy our Christian and democratic 
profession. Nothing less will save 
us from cataclysmic destruction. It 
must be one world or none. 

World Day of Prayer 
Material Available 

The World Day of Prayer for 1947 
will be observed on February 21. 
The theme is Make Level in the 
Desert a Highway of Our God. The 
following materials are available: 

Call to Prayer (flier). Free. 

Program: Make Level in the Des- 
ert the Highway of Our God. 3c. 

History of Day of Prayer. 2c. 

Children's Program. 3c. 

Leader's Manual for Children's 
Service. 10c. 

Poster: 5c. 

Note: No adult leader's manual 
was printed this year; use your last 
year's copy. 

Send in your orders early. We 
shall not be able to secure more ma- 
terial from New York after Febru- 
ary 5. Order from the General 
Boards, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

JANUARY 11. 1947 23 

Brotherhood News 

A • • 

North Dakota Church Observes 
Golden Anniversory 

The Zion Church of the Brethren, 
eight miles- west of Cando, cele- 
brated its golden jubilee with a 
week's evangelistic service; Bro. 
Ernest Walker, the pastor, was the 

Home-coming day was celebrated 
Sunday, Nov. 10. The morning ser- 
mon was entitled Press On. At the 
noon hour a bountiful basket dinner 
was enjoyed. 

An exhibit of pictures, church 
papers and Brethren costumes of 
the early day was on display in 
the back of the church. In the af- 
ternoon an interesting program was 
given at which Brethren William 
Loucks, John Peters of Glenwood, 
Wash., J. D. Kessler and Ernest 
Walker and Sister Shively of 
Starkweather, N. Dak., and Vetrus 
Hillestad took part. The church 
was beautifully decorated with 
flowers. Bro. John R. Peters and 
his wife presented a showing of 
fruits from many states. He said, 
however, that the lives of our chil- 
dren are of far more importance 
than the products for which each 
individual state is noted. The love 
feast and communion was held Nov. 
11 at the Zion church. — Mrs. Vetrus 
Hillestad, Bisbee, N. Dak. 

A Community Food Drive 

The welfare board of the First 
Church of the Brethren, located at 
Congress Street and Central Park 
Avenue, Chicago, 111., sponsored a 
community food drive during the 
summer months. The proceeds of 
this drive were to be used to pur- 
chase dried milk for some of the 
world's starving millions. A goal of 
five tons of dried milk or $1,600 was 
set at the beginning of the drive, 
which started June 1, 1946. This 
amount would be enough to supply 
milk for 200 children for one year. 
Printed handbills, announcing the 
drive and stating its purpose, were 
distributed to each family in the 
community, by the young people's 
groups of the church. Collecting 
centers were set up and maintained 
in stores and other business estab- 
lishments in the community. 

The response to this appeal was 
very enthusiastic. Various individu- 
als and organizations set quotas and 
raised them. The young people's 
department of First church contrib- 
uted $64, enough for two barrels of 

dried milk. The children's depart- 
ments contributed regularly and gen- 
erously to this fund. The Friend- 
ship Circle gave $74, enough to buy 
two and one-fourth barrels. The 
Christian Business Women's Coun- 
cil of Chicago gave $125. Many in- 
dividuals and some family groups 
gave one barrel, or $32. Several $50 
and a number of $25 gifts were re- 
ceived. Friends from other states 
and communities sent in gifts. One 
lady had planned to buy a new 
dress. She gave the money for milk 
and will save to buy a dress later. 
The receipts from, the neighborhood 
collecting centers were very gratify- 
ing. The amount from this source 
was between $200 and $250. The to- 
tal amount received from all sources 
for this fund was $2,204.07, almost 
enough to purchase seven tons of 
dried milk. This amount will fur- 
nish one year's milk supply for 275 
starving children. — Chalmer E. Faw, 
chairman; Laura M. Wine, secretary. 

About Books ... 

Any books mentioned in this colvunn may be secured through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. — ^Ed. 


Religious News . . . 

A Message From President 

In my opinion your society 
[American Bible Society] with its 
long and notable record in dissemi- 
nation of the sacred Scriptures 
performed a patriotic service in 
appealing to all Americans to join 
in a world-wide Bible reading from 
Thanksgiving to Christmas. 

The Bible, the embodiment of the 
wealth and the wisdom- of the ages, 
happily is still the world's best 
seller. That fact alone augurs well 
for the success of your crusade to 
promote world Bible reading. 

I am afraid that we of this gen- 
eration do not know our Bible as 
well as did our fathers and moth- 
ers. It is well for us to remember 
that the Old and New Testaments 
remain as they have always been. 



300 Favorite Poems. Compiled by 
Thomas Curtis Clark. Willett, Clark 
and Co., 1945. 120 pages. $1.00. 

The three hundred poems in this 
anthology are selected from a wide 
expanse of time, are varied in form 
and type, and are in the main well 
worthy of being called favorites. I 
could not detect any basis of unity 
in the choice of poems except the 
compiler's regard for them and his 
feeling that other people would 
share his appreciation of them. 
Many popular excerpts from longer 
poems are included. — Ora W. Gar- 

Clover Creek. Nancy Paschal. 
Nelson, 1946. $2.00. 

At the home of the Martins, Lucy 
Ann Lee finds an interesting job in 
a garden nursery and earns the title 
of botanical assistant. Lucy's story 
is a variation on the Cinderella 
theme, telling how a girl with no 
resources and little education learns 
how to take her place in a family 
circle, winning her way by kindli- 
ness and hard work. This book is 
a recent choice of the Junior Liter- 
ary Guild for older girls. Its en- 
thusiasm for the values of country 
life will recommend it to many 
Brethren readers, particularly teen- 
age girls. — Kenneth Morse. 

Tigers of the Sea. Charles G. 
Muller and Horace S. Mazet. West- 
minster, 1946. $2.00. 

Sam Bradman and Bart Andrews 
take time off from college to join a 

shark-hunting expedition. The gpal 
of their trip is the capture of a whale 
shark, called Cocos Sam, reported 
to be sixty feet in length and weigh- 
ing many tons. On their way to 
Cocos Island they run into Tiger 
Joe Morro, a dangerous character 
who is searching for lost treasure. 
While this is a good story on its own, 
some of its most exciting pages will 
remind readers of Treasure Island, 
others of Moby Dick. The book con- 
tains, as an appendix, fifty pages of 
information concerning sharks which 
is almost as interesting as the story 
itself. — ^Kenneth Morse. 

The Little Duck Who Loved the 
Rain. Peter Mabie. Wilcox & Fol- 
lett, 1946. 32 pages. $1.00. 

This story of a little duck who 
searched for rain makes a delightful 
one for children with its very at- 
tractive illustrations by the author. 
Ages 3-6. — Genevieve' Crist. 

This Is the World. Josephine Van • 
Dolzen Pease. Rand McNally, 1944. 
72 pages. $2.50. 

A strikingly illustrated story of 
the earth, its functioning and its 
peoples in children's vocabulary. It 
can be a distinct help in developing 
right attitudes toward peoples of 
other lands, in visualizing the world 
as a whole, and in bringing about 
understandings which are essential 
to the maintenance of harmonious 
relations among the nations of the 
earth. For ages 4-10. — Genevieve 

Readers Write . . . 

These are excerpts from letters which come to the editor's desk. It is our intention 
not to publish anything here unless permission has been given by the writer. 

I am a blind man, fifty-three years of 
age, and married. Our son about to turn 
twenty-eight was a member of C.P.S. 
from July 24, 1941, to Dec. 17, 1945, hav- 
ing been at camps in Kane, Pa., and 
Santa Barbara and Belden, Calif. For 
Christmas last December my son pre- 
sented me with a copy of the book. Sev- 
enty Times Seven, by R. D. Bowman. In 
order that I might read the volume my- 
self, pausing where I desired to do so 
to think, members of a local agency, 
known as the Volunteers Service for the 
Blind, transcribed into Braille Seventy 
Times Seven, which I now have In the 
three volumes thus required. 

From a perusal of the foreword of Sev- 
enty Times Seven I learn that this book 
really follows The Church of the Breth- 
ren and War, also the work of R. D. 
Bowman. Because our family are mem- 
bers of the First Church of the Brethren, 
Philadelphia, and since I have always 
been irrevocably opposed to war, I am 
desirous that this book be put into 
Braille by our local agency. 

For many years, both Mrs. Burritt and 
I have heard so many interesting things 
about our Publishing House that we 
we would both like to visit it. It must 
be a wonderful place. Of the church's 
beliefs and principles, I knew absolute- 
ly nothing until I met my wife in 1916, 
but through the years it has served me 
faithfully and well. — Howard B. Burritt, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

I want to tell you how much I h^ve 
enjoyed the pictures of churches which 
have appeared on the cover of the Gos- 
pel Messenger. I am a shut-in and, be- 
cause of my health, cannot go any more 
to the little church on the hill to wor- 
ship. I have enjoyed looking at these 
churches, therefore, and, in spirit, wor- 
shiping with those who worship in them. 
I appreciated especially the old Prices 
Creek church picture. I hope we may 
continue to see occasional pictures of 
our churches which we, as individuals, 
would never be able to see otherwise. — 
Beulah Collins, Churchville, Va. 

I must take time to tell you how much 
I appreciated the temperance issue of the 
Gospel Messenger dated Oct. 19, 1946. I 
agree heartily with Bishop Cushman of 
the Methodist Church when he said, "We 
are not going to have a revival of re- 
ligion until the churches face social evils 
like the liquor traffic. I am making an 
appeal to the churches of America. The 
solving of the liquor problem is prima- 
rily our job." 

"There is one thing that disturbs me 
greatly: Why is it that preachers and 
editors are so loathe to tell their good 
people that we can never expect to set- 
tle this problem so long as Christians 
continue to vote for the candidates of 
parties that legalize, protect and promote 
the manufacture and sale of beer, wine 
and whisky? They do say we should 
vote "dry" and we have tried that again 
and again only to find that "dry" men 
are helpless when they owe their real 
allegiance to a political party that gets 
its campaign funds from the brewer and 
the distiller. Why do not folks know 
that we lost the Eighteenth Amendment 
because its enforcement was entrusted 
to a political party that did not want 
prohibition? Neither of the major par- 
ties ever has declared for abolition of 
the liquor business just as Lincoln found 
that neither Whigs nor Democrats dared 
do anything about slavery. 

Pardon this preaching, but when one 
spends a lifetime fighting a national evil 
like this, he feels he should count on 
his brethren to stand by and pray even 
if they will not fight.— Virgil C. Finnell, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

It just occurred to me at this Thanks- 
giving season to mention how much I 
enjoy the pictures and photographs in 
the Gospel Messenger. Many writers 
have seemed like real acquaintances for 
years through the pages of our Messen- 
ger. Some writers and officials of our 
church are people seldom seen by us, so 
it forms another bond between us and 
our church paper to see their pictures. 
—Miriam H. Fetter, Smithville, Ohio. 

a source of strength and comfort 
and inspiration to all who will seek 
the wisdom which they hold. 

I trust that the interest of all 
Americans in the Bible was quick- 
ened as a result of the observance 
of Universal Bible Sunday on Dec- 
cember 8, 1946, and that our people 
generally will read and ponder the 
sacred Scriptures. 

Evangelical Bishops Bid Church 

Concern Itself With Indiistrial 


The church cannot stand remote 
from the current struggle by labor 
to better working conditions 
throughout the country, delegates 
to the General Conference of the 
Evangelical Church were told in the 
episcopal message of the denomi- 
nation's board of bishops. The mes- 
sage, which was delivered by Bish- 
op Elmer W. Praetorius, of St. Paul, 
Minn., declared that "if the church 
is to be true to and fulfill her mis- 
sion, she cannot be unconcerned 

about the welfare of these tens of 
millions or keep herself aloof from 
their desperate struggle or by-pass 
the opportunity presented to her for 
Christian service." 

Both employer and employee can 
be offered constructive counsel 
"and Christian guidance and lead- 
ership," the message said. 

The bishops also warned that the 
church must directly concern itself 
with all economic and industrial 
problems by lending its "influence 
so that these relationships may be- 
come based upon Christian prin- 
ciple;' and thereby become bettered 
in every way." 

Georgia Methodist Clergymen's 
Salaries Boosted Fifty Per Cent 

Prompted by the soaring cost of 
living during the past year, the 
South Georgia Conference of the 
Methodist Church voted at its an- 
nual meeting to raise minimum 
salaries of its ministers to more 
than fifty per cent above the 1944 

According to provisions of the 
new scale, unmarried pastors will 
receive a minimum of $1,500; mar- 
ried men with no other dependents, 
$1,600; married men with one child, 
$1,700; and married men with two 
or more children, $1,800. 

The 1944 minimums were $800 for 
single ministers; $1,000 for married 
men with no other dependents; and 
$1,100 for married men with one or 
more children. 

Urges Religious Radio Programs 
for Teen-agers 

Development of teen-age pro- 
grams which provide spiritual 
guidance is the current challenge to 
radio and religious leaders, accord- 
ing to J. Leonard Reinsch, radio ad- 
viser to President Truman and di- 
rector of the James M. Cox radio 

In an address to the Southern 
Baptist radio conference Mr. 
Reinsch said the major religious ap- 
peal in radio has been to the 
churchgoing adult who least needs 
help. He added that stimulating 
radio programs with a religious 
theme which would attract the in- 
terest of alert teen-agers would 
help solve the juvenile delinquency 

Mr. Reinsch also urged that re- 
ligious programs be broadened to 
reach the "unchurched." He said 
church attendance could be in- 
creased with the proper use of radio 
just as attendance at athletic events 
has been increased. 

Weddings . . . 

Apple-Shook. — Everett Apple of Gettys- 
burg, Ohio, and Mrs. Mary Shook of 
Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 14, 1946, at the 
Oakland church parsonage, by the under- 
signed. — Moyne Landis, Gettysburg, Ohio. 

Ballzer - Baueimaster. — William Deeter 
Baltzer of Shanksville. Pa., and Emma 
Evangeline Bauermaster of Berlin, Pa., 
in the Brotherton church, Berlin, Pa., Dec. 
15. 1946, by the undersigned.— Roy S. For- 
ney, Berlin, Pa. 

Barnes-Reed. — James I. Barnes and 
Maurine I. Reed in the Royersford church, 
Dec. 21, 1946, by the pastor of the bride, 
the undersigned.— Caleb W. Bucher. Roy- 
ersford, Pa. 

Betlls-MiUer.— Eldon Bettis and Hilda 
E. Miller at the Girard church, June 2. 
1946, by the undA-signed.- Leland Nelson, 
Girard, 111. 

BoeUdn-Beahm.— Robert V. Bodkin of 
Bridgewater, Va., and Mary Phyllis 
Beahm of Roanoke, Va., Nov. 23. 1946, by 
the undersigned.— Ralph E. White, Roa- 
noke, Va. 

Bolender-Snyder.— Wilbur Bolender of 
Olympia, Wash., and Letha Snyder of 
Newberg, Oregon, in the Olympia church, 
Oct. 12, 1946, by the undersigned.— W. G. 
Willoughby, Olympia. Wash. 

Bucklnghazn-Beal.— Warren E. Bucking- 
ham and Blanche E. Beal. both of Des 
Moines, Iowa, in the chapel of the First 
Methodist church. Nov. 29, 1946. by the 
undersigned. — Harvey S. Kline, Des 
Moines. Iowa. 

JANUARY 11, 1947 


Dell-Bear.— Ray Dell and Esther Bear, 
both of Beatrice, Nebr., at the Holmes- 
ville, Nebr., church, Dec. 14, 1946, by the 
undersigned. — Lewis Naylor, Holmesville, 

Foringer-Sowser. — Charles Leroy For- 
inger and Mary Lois Bowser in the Center 
Hill church. Pa., Dec. 4, 1946, by the pas- 
tor, W. K. Kulp.— SteUa Mae McHaddon, 
Kittanning, Pa. 

Gieck-Cheeseotnan. — Harry Alva Gieck 
and Dorothy Ilene Cheeseman, in the 
Charles Cheeseman home near Norton, 
Kansas, Nov. 15, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— J. Wilburn Lewallen, Norton, Kansas. 

GriHin-Jamsoin.— Glenn W. Griffin and 
Emily Janson, both of Spencer, Ohio, in 
the Black River chuxch parsonage, Sept. 
28, 1946, by the undersigned. — C. C. Lou- 
der, Spencer, Ohio. 

Hansen-Maltox.— Harold Hansen of Free 
Soil, Mich., and Doris Mattox of Scott- 
ville, Mich., at the Sugar Ridge church, 
Oct. 5, 1946, by the undersigned.— Homer 
Kiracofe, Custer, Mich. 

Hienkel-Cox.— Harold Hienkel and Mar- 
guerite Cox in the home of the groom's 
parents, July 20, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— Leland Nelson, Girard, 111. 

Huffer-Shank.— Arland Huffer and Mar- 
garet Jean Shank in the Mt. Bethel 
church, Oct. 20, 1946, by the undersigned. 
Elvert F. Miller, Bridgewater, Va. 

Jones-Sheets. — Delbert O. Jones of Day- 
ton, Va., and Rebecca May Sheets of Mt. 
Solon, Va., Sept. 29, 1946, by the under- 
signed, at his home.— Elvert F. Miller, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Kelldoo - Wyaml. — Dean Kelldoo and 
Betty Marie Wyant in the Center Hill 
church, Pa., Aug. 28, 1946, by the pastor, 
W. K. kulp.— Stella Mae McHaddon, Kit- 
tanning, Pa. 

Knowles-Buiierfield. — Willard Knowles 
of Scottville, Mich., and Mary Butterfield 
of Dunscroft, England, at the Sugar Ridge 
church, Nov. 14, 1946, by the undersigned. 
—Homer Kiracofe, Custer, Mich. 

Lay-Weddle.— Theodore Lay and Norma 
LaRue Weddle at the home of the bride. 
May 30, 1946, by the imdersigned.- Leland 
Nelson, Girard, 111. 

Lomg-Knepper. — Paul Lincoln Long of 
Meyersdale, Pa., and Louise Rae Knepper 
of Berlin, Pa., in the Brotherton church, 
Berlin, Pa., Nov. 17, 1946, by the under- 
signed.— Roy S. Forney, Berlin, Pa. 

Mann-Grissinger.— Herman H. Mann and 
Virginia Mae Grissinger, both of West 
Salem, Ohio, at the parsonage of the 
Black River church, by the undersigned. 
— C. C. Louder, Spencer, Ohio. 

Marker-Davis. — James A. Marker and 
Dorothy J. Davis, both of Canton, Ohio, 
in the Tuscarawas church, Nov. 24, 1946, 
by the undersigned.- C. C. Louder, Spen- 
cer, Ohio. 

McKUlop-Maltox — Robert McKillop of 
Free Soil, Mich., and Hazel MattOx of 
Scottville, Mich., at the Sugar Ridge 
church, Oct. 5, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— Homer Kiracofe, Custer, Mich. 

Mears-Swope. — Robert Mears and Mar- 
cella Swbpe in the Lower Miami church, 
Sept. 22, 1946, by the undersigned.-Jolm 
M. Garst, Dayton, Ohio. 

Miller-Bowman. — Francis J. Miller and 
Mary Catharine Bowman, at the Freeburg 
church, Ohio, Dec. 1, 1946, by the u'nder- 
■signed.— I. R. Beery, Homeworth, Ohio. 

Miller-Dove. — ^Wayne S. Miller of Fulks 
Run, Va., and Evelyn Z. Dove of Criders, 
Va., Dec. 2, 1946, by the undersigned, at 
his home. — Arnold D. Wilkins, Fulks Run, 

Pealer-Mauck. — Orvis Earl Pealer of Los 
Angeles, Calif., and Wanda Louise Mauck 
of Long Beach, Calif., Dec. 7, 1946, in the 
Long Beach church, by the pastor, Rev. 
Norman J. Baugher, Long Beach, Calif. — 
Mrs. Homer E. Fike, Long Beach, CaUf. 

Runion-Orebaugh. — Laney Edward Run- 
ion of Broadway, Va., and Elma Gene- 
vieve Orebaugh, of Timberville, Va., in 
the Linville Creek parsonage, Dec. 14, 
1946, by the undersigned. — Samuel D. 
Lindsay, Broadway, Va. 

Showins-Kohne.— David O. Showns of 
New Market, Va., and Eunice P. Kohne 
of Quicksburg, Va., in the Flat Rock 
church, Dec. 11, 1946. by the undersigned. 
— ^N. J. Miller, Forestville, Va. 

Ten EyCh-Shevmaii. — Robert Lee Ten 
Eych of Bucyrus, Ohio, and Emmagene M. 
Sherman of Lexington, Ohio, in the Mans- 
field church, Nov. 16, 1946, by the under- 
signed. — Carl E. Yoder, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Weaver-Byrd. — Everett Dale Weaver and 
Betty Irene Byrd, both of Somerset, Pa., 
Dec. 8, 1946, at the Brotherton parsonage, 
by the undersigned. — ^Roy S. Forney, Ber- 
lin, Pa. 

Young-Neff.— Russell R. Young, Jr., and 
Bertha Eileen Neff, at the Girard church, 
Nov. 8, 1946, by the undersigned.— Leland 
Nelson, Girard, 111. 

Obituaries . . . 



Elias P. Gibble 

Bro. Elias P. Gibble, son of the late 

Henry M. and Mary Pfautz Gibble, was 

born Jan. 16, 1882, and died May 19, 1946. 

On Jan. 16, 1907, he was married to Sadie 

Veronica Wilhelm. 

They had no children. 

i Bro. Gibble united 

V i t h the Midway 

Church of the Breth- 

en in March 1928. He 

■lad clean-cut convic- 

I tions. H e endured 

3 nuch suflfering, but his 

'enial disposition and 

I 'lis never-failing smile 

niade him popular 

I '.vith his associates. He 

! lived for a time at 

San Francisco, Calif. 

and later at McPher- 

son, Kansas. Besides his wife, five sisters 

and three brothers siirvive. 

Funeral services were held at the Mid- 
way church by Brethren Paul Forney, 
Samuel K. Wenger, Perry Sanger and 
Aaron Heisey. Burial was in the Mid- 
way cemetery. — Sadie Gibble, Lebanon, 

Day, Lydia Ellen, was bom Oct. 17, 1866, 
and died Oct. 24, 1946. She is survived by 
four daughters, one son, two sisters, one 
brother, twenty-one grandchildren and 
seven great-grandchildren. Her husband, 
Lemuel J. Day, one son and one daughter 
preceded her in death. She had been a 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for half a century. — Esta W. Malcolm, 
Moorefield, W. Va. 

Etler, Samuel H., was born June 23, 
1875, in Dauphin County, Fa., and died 
Dec. 11, 1946. He was united in marriage 
on Feb. 12, 1899, to Delia H. Hartley. He 
was a member of the Astoria church. He 
is survived by his wife, two children, 
nine brothers, three sisters, one grandson 
and one great-grandson. Funierall services 
were held in the Astoria church by the 
pastor, Bro. G. G. Canfield. Burial was 
in the Astoria cemetery. — Mrs. Jesse 
Wherley, Browning, 111. 

Fisher, John A., son of Daniel and Mar- 
tha Fisher, was born in Franklin County, 
Va., June 28, 1853, and died at his home 
near Roanoke, Va., May 17, 1946. On Dec. 
9, 1880, he was united in marriage to> Gu- 
lielma Penn Bowman. To this uman! were 
born six children, one of whom is an elder 
in the Church of the Brethren. This 
union was broken by the death of 
the mother on June 10, 1889. On May 
6, 1902, he was united in marriage tO' 
MoUie Barnhart. He was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren and was al- 
w^ays deeply concerned and active in 
church duties as long as health permitted. 
He is survived by his wife, four children,, 
eighteen grandchildren And twenty-eight 
great - grandchildren. Funeral services 
■were held at the First church in Roanoke 
by his pastor, Ralph E. White, and EMelr 
E. W. Jamison, and burial was in the 
Cedar Lawn cemetery near the Peters 
Creek church. — The family. 

Flora, Joseph Perry, a son oiC Abiraihaiiiii 

and Sarah Barnard Flora, was born^near 
Flora, Ind., on Oct. 1, 1866, and died at 
the home of his daughter in Flora Nov. 
29, 1946. On Nov. 7, 1897, he was united 
in marriage to Mae Michael, who survives, 
together with two daughters and one 
granddaughter. Funeral services were 
held at the Carter funeral home by Bro. 
Clarence Sink, and burial was in the Ma- 
ple Lawn cemetery. — Nellie Brubaker, / 
Flora, Ind. 

Foltz, Mildred Angeline, was born near 
Lost City, W. Va., in August 1866, and 
died Oct. 22, 1946. She was a consistent 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for the greater part of her Ufe. Her hus- 
band preceded her in death about six 
years ago. Funeral services were held by 
Peter I. Garber at the church in Lost 
City, and interment was in the cemetery 
near by. — ^Esta W. Malcolm, Moorefield, 
W. Va. 

Friedllne, Rebecca Kimmel, was bom in 
Jefferson Township, Somerset County, 
Pa., Nov. 9, 1868, and died Dec. 7, 1946. 
She joined the Church of the Brethren at 
an early age and lived a faithful, devoted 
life to the end. She is survived by her 
husband, O. C. Friedline, of Sipesville, 
Pa., two children, six grandchildren, one 
sister and two brothers. Funeral services 
were held in the Sipesville church by the 
writer, and burial was in the cemetery at 
Sipesville. — Cecil O. Showalter, Sipesville, 

Gray, Paxton, son of the late Thomas 
and Mary Mace Gray, was born May 9, 
1867, at Rowlandville, Md., and died May 
13, 1946. He was a member of the County 
Line church for twenty-five years. He 
is survived by his wife, Margaret B. Gray, 
two children, five grandchildren, one 
brother and one sister. Funeral services 
were held at the late home by the under- 
signed. — J. H. Wimmer, Champion, Pa. 

Griffith, Floyd, was born July 13, 1903, 
in North Carolina, and died Dec. 16, 1946, 
in West Chester, Pa. He was a member 
of the Jennersville church. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, three children, two 
grandchildren, two brothers, two sisters, 
and his mother. Two brothers and his 
father preceded him in death. Funeral 
services were conducted in the Haverstick 
funeral home, Oxford, Pa., by the under- 
signed, and burial was in the Oxford cem- 
etery.— J. Stanley Earhart, West Grove, 

Harley, A. C, son of Isaac K. and Eliza- 
beth Conner Harley, was born June 7, 
1872, in Montgomery County, Pa., and 
■died at the home of his daughter in Nokes- 
ville, Va., on Nov. 12, 1946. He was mar- 
ried to Janette Rollins on Oct. 11, 1899. To 
this union were born four daughters and 
three sons. Three daughters and two sons 
survive. Brother and Sister Harley also 
took into their family two nieces, whom 
they reared to maturity. Bro. Harley be- 
came a member of the Church of the 
Brethren in early life. He was a good 
Bible student and taught in the Sunday- 
school. Funeral services were held by 
Bro. Conrad Snavely, assisted by the un- 
dersigned. Interment was in the cemetery 
near the church. — E. E. Blough, Manas- 
sas, Va. 

Helman, John A., son of Silas and Ala- 
meda De Armin Helman, was born July 
10, 1863, in Indiana County, Pa., and died 
in the Wilson Memorial hospital in Sid- 
ney, Ohio, Dec. 6, 1946. On Feb. 7, 1886, 
lie was married to Mary Alice Cromer, 
who preceded him in death on May 2, 
1944. Six , children were born to them, 
four of whom survive. One son is an eld- 
er in the Church of the Brethren. Most 
of Bro. Helman's life was spent in Shelby 
County, Ohio. Funeral services were held 
at the Oran Christian church with Bro. 
Jesse Bowser, pastor of the Sidney Church 
of the Brethren, officiating. Burial was 
In the Houston cemetery. — H. H. Helman, 
New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Jacoby, Edwin V., was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Jan. 7, 1896, and died Dec. 
7, 1946, in the city hospital, Mansfield, 
Ohio. He was united in marriage to 

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Mary Miller on March 5, 1920. Since be- 
coming a Christian in 1932, he had the 
responsibility of eight jobs in the church, 
among them deacon and Simday-school 
superintendent. He Is survived by his 
wife, a daughter and two sons. Memorial 
services were held in the Mansfield 
church with the writer officiating. Inter- 
ment was in the city cemetery. — Carl E. 
Voder, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Kauffman, Lillie May, daughter of 
George and Mary Shirer Karl, was born 
in Woodford County, 111., on March 14, 
1876, and died at her home near Roanoke, 
111., as the result of a fall. On Dec. 21, 
1904, she was married to Alvin Kauffman, 
who preceded her in death. Sister Kauff- 
man united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren on Dec. 7, 1896. For thirty-nine years 
she and her husband served faithfully in 
the office of deacon. She was also much 
interested in the ladies' aid. She was the 
mother of three children. She is survived 
by two children, seven grandchildren and 
one brother. Funeral services were held 
in the Panther Creek church by her pas- 
tor, the undersigned, assisted by Elder 
M. A. Whisler of the Oak Grove church. 
Interment was in the Roanoke cemetery. 
— J. E. Small, Roanoke, HI. 

Kimble, Oscar Blaine, was born May 
20, 1885, and died July 24. 1946. He is 
survived by his wife, three brothers and 
three sisters. Funeral services were held 
at the Bethel church by Bro. P. I. Garber, 
and interment was in the Judy cemetery 
near his home. — Gracie A. Shreve, Peters- 
burg, W. Va. 

Laney, Charles Martin, son of Fred and 
Julia Laney, was born June 23, 1890, and 
died Dec. 5, 1946. He was united in mar- 
riage to Adeline Schooner on June 27, 
1911, and to this union six children were 
born. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren on Dec. 8, 1922. Funeral servic- 
es were conducted in the Harrold funeral 
home in Fostoria by the undersigned, and 
interment was in the Carey cemetery. — 
Oliver Royer, Fostoria, Ohio. 

Lehman, Robert, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Valentine Lehman, was born Jan. 22, 1886, 
and died Dec. 9. 1946. He was baptized on 
June 10, 1898, by Bro. Holsinger. He is 
survived by his wife, Mayme Dunmyer 
Lehman, eight sons, three daughters, thir- 
teen grandchildren, two sisters and four 
brothers. Funeral services were held In 
the home by the writer, and burial was 
in the cemetery at Brotherton, Pa. — Cecil 
O. Showalter, Sipesville, Pa. 

Light, Alice S., daughter of the late 
Ephraim and Catherine SchoU Geib, was 
born on Dec. 13, 1883, and died at her 
home near Hershey on Nov. 16, 1946. On 

Oct. 3, 1903, she was united in marriage 
to Harry B. Light. She served faithfully 
in the deacon's office with her husband 
since 1919. She is survived by her 
husband, two daughters, three sons, 
thirteen grandchildren and one sister. 
Funeral services were held at the Spring 
Creek church at Hershey by Elder H. F. 
King and the undersigned. Interment was 
in the Heidelberg cemetery. — J. Herbert 
Miller, Hershey, Pa. 

McCormick, Annie Shaver, was born in 
Shenandoah County, Va., Jan. 26, 1865, and 
died May 15, 1946, at the home of her son 
at New Baltimore, Va. She was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren for 
fifty years. Her husband, Joseph B. Mc- 
Cormick, preceded her .in death. She is 
survived by her son, three daughters and 
twelve grandchildren. Funeral services 
were held in the Warrenton Baptist 
church by George Beane of Nokesville, 
Va., and burial was in the Warrenton 
cemetery. — Mrs. Walter Francis, Catlett, 

Miller, Susannah Christner, wife of the 
late George F. Miller, was born May 2, 
1857, at Indian Head, Pa., and died at her 
home Dec. 12, 1945. Her husband preced- 
ed her in death in March 1925. She was 
a member of the County Line church for 
sixty years. She is survived by three 
sons, two daughters, twenty-eight grand- 
children, fifty-four great - grandchildren 
and nine great-great-grandchildren. Fu- 
neral services were held at the Lutheran 
church by Bro. J. H. Wimmer, assisted by 
Bro. E. E. Holsopple of Greensburg. Buri- 
al was in the Sparks cemetery at Indian 
Head, Pa. — J. H. Wimmer, Champion, Pa. 

Murry, Goldie, was born near Cham- 
paign, 111., in 1884, and died Nov. 24, 1946. 
She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren early in life. She was first married 
to John Lowe; to this union were born 
two sons and Jour daughters. In 1932 Mr. 
Lowe died. Later she was married to 
William F. Murry. She is survived by 
her husband, her six children, nine grand- 
children and two brothers. Funeral serv- 
ices were held by the undersigned at the 
Simons and Company chapel, and inter- 
ment was in the Evergreen cemetery at 
Riverside. — L. D. Bosserman, Riverside, 

Nedrow, Ethel, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. William F. Nedrow, was born March 
11, 1909, and died Nov. 15, 1945. She is 
survived by her parents, two brothers 
and three sisters. Funeral services were 
held at the County Line church by the 
pastor, J. H. Wimmer. and interment was 
in the Sparks cemetery. — J. H. Wimmer, 
Champion, Pa. 

Ny«, Geraldine Lucille, daughter of 
Stephen and Bessie Smith, was bom May 
25. 1911, and died Dec. 9. 1946. She la 
survived by her husband, three children 
and three grandchildren. Funeral serv- 
ices were held in the Harrold funeral 
home by the undersigned, and interment 
was in the Greenspring cemetery. — Oliver 
Royer, Fostoria, Ohio. 

Ritenoiur, Henry M., son of David and 
Katherine Ritenour of Champion, Pa., was 
born July 1, 1866, and died April 12, 1946, 
at his home. He lived his entire life in 
Indian Creek Valley, Pa. He was mar- 
ried in 1885 to Martlia D. Berger. Later 
he united with the County Line church, 
in which he was a deacon at the time of 
his death. His wife preceded him in death 
about eleven years ago. One daughter and 
one son also preceded him in death. Sur- 
viving are seven sons, two daughters, 
thirty - two grandchildren, twenty - six 
great - grandchildren, three brothers and 
two sisters. Funeral services were held 
at Clyde Brook's funeral home in Indian 
Head, Pa., by the pastor, Bro. J. H. Wim- 
mer, and burial was in the Mt. Nebo 
cemetery near by. — J. H. Wimmer, Cham- 
pion, Pa. 

Smith, Samuel Hayes, was born in Du- 
buque, Iowa, Aug. 17, 1880, and was killed 
by a train on Dec. 3, 1946. He is survived 
by his wife, one son, one daughter and 
five sisters. He was a member of the 
Minneapolis church, Minn. Funeral serv- 
ices were held in the Larson funeral 
chapel by Bro. Gottfred Nelson, and burial 
was in tlie Hillside cemetery. — Mrs. Wayne 
Hallin, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Snyder, Ida L., was born Sept. 24, 1880, 
and died April 15, 1946. She was a mem- 
ber of the County Line church for fifty 
years. — J. H. Wimmer, Champion, Pa. 

Steward, Edward M., son of Byron and 
Hannah Steward, was born near Topeka, 
Kansas, Oct. 25, 1867, and died Dec. 3, 
1946. In 1894, he was united in marriage 
to Addie L. Pearsall at Ozawkie, Kansas. 
To this union four children were bom. 
His wife and one son preceded him in 
death. He is survived by two sons and 
one daughter. He was called to the minis- 
try and preached the gospel for over forty 
years. Funeral services were held at the 
Baptist church by the Baptist minister. 
Rev. Hallie Rice, assisted by the Methodist 
minister. Rev. R. H. Rand. Interment was 
in the Oak Grove cemetery. — Mrs. Earl 
Brillhart, Oak Grove. Mo. 

Stover, Anna Elizabeth, daughter of 
Moses and Mary Bamheiser Keefer, was 
born March 13, 1872, near Alvo, Nebr., 
and died Nov. 13, 1946, at her home in 
Waynesboro, Pa. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren when twelve years 
of age. She studied music at Mt. Morris 
College, 111., where she met H. M. Stover, 
to whom she was married in 1892. She 
served in many capacities in the church 
and Sunday school; she was vice-presi- 
dent of our missionary reading circle, and 
president of the Waynesboro and Rouzer- 
ville ladies' aids. She was a minister's 
wife for forty-eight years. She is sur- 
vived by her husband, two sons, one 
daughter, five grandchildren, one great- 
grandson, two brothers and one sister. 
Funeral services were held in the Waynes- 
boro church by Elders George Detweiler 
and M. C. Valentine, and burial was in 
the Green Hill cemetery.— Mary Creager, 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

WhUe, Warren A., son of Ross and Mary 
White, was bom Jan. 8. 1899, and died 
Nov. 5, 1946. On June 19, 1938, he was 
married to Ethel Garver. Early in life 
he united with the Congregational church 
at Weymouth, Ohio, but in recent years he 
worshiped in the Black River Church of 
the Brethren. He is survived by his wife, 
two sons and three daughters. His first 
wife and one son preceded him in death. 
Funeral services were held by Rev. Rim- 
mel of the Methodist church, and the un- 
dersigned and burial was in tlie Medina 
cemetery, Ohio— C. C. Louder, Spencer, 

JANUARY 11, 1947 


Church News . . . 


Live Oak. — On Oct. 6 we met for a 
potluck dinner; S. Paul Daugherty and 
Fred Butterbaugh spoke in the interest 
of La Verne College. One thousand dol- 
lars was raised for the college. We had 
our love feast on Oct. 12, with our pastor, 
Glenn M. Harmon, officiating, assisted by- 
David Studebaker. One of the high lights 
of the year was our building fund cam- 
paign, which closed with a banquet and 
program; David Studebaker was guest 
speaker. The sum of $3,724 was raised. 
David also preached for us one Sunday 
morning. The young people of the cir- 
cuit which includes Chico, Paradise, 
Sacramento and Live Oak held their 
rally at Live Oak on Dec. 1. Earl Snader 
was the speaker in the morning and led 
the afternoon meeting, which included 
the district young people's youth work 
and Youth Serves. On Dec. 4 the men's 
group had a fellowship dinner at which 
pictures of the development of the 
Sacramento Valley were shown. The 
men's group also voted to support 
financially a boys' club program and 
Gospel Messenger subscriptions to worthy 
families. A gas floor furnace has been 
installed in the parsonage and some re- 
pair work has been done in the kitchen. 
Our pastor was appointed district in- 
termediate director and attended the 
intermediate directors' conference at 
Elgin in October. David Studebaker, 
under the direction of the district board, 
has completed a survey of the Marysville 
and Yuba City community regarding the 
advisability of organizing a church in 
that community. About thirty-five of 
our members live there. Our church 
co-operated with other churches of the 
community in a community Thanksgiving 
service on Wednesday evening. — Mrs. 
Howard Johnson, Gridley, Calif. 

San Die^o. — We have made considerable 
progress during the past year. Bro. 
Charles Forror, who is our temporary 
pastor, is assisted by Bro. Clyde C. 
Cripe. Since our last report, six have 
been baptized and twelve have been re- 
ceived by letter. We lost three of our 
members by death and three by letter. 
The men of the church have organized 
with nineteen charter members. They have 
given $150 for goats for relief and have 
remodeled the basement of the church, 
making it suitable for the primary depart- 
ment. The women of the church have an 
active organization. The young people 
and the young adults are having some 
very worth-while meetings on Sunday 
evenings. We observed the communion 
services on , the evening of Nov. 24, with 
Elder J. W. Lear presiding. Bro. Lear 
also preached on Sunday morning on the 
ordinances of the church. Bro. I. V. 
Funderburgh of Pasadena preached for 
us on Dec. 8. — Mrs. C. C. Cripe, Chula 
Vista, Calif. 

District of Columbia 
Waahingtoin. — At pur rally-day services 
a delegation representing the Organized ' 
Bible Class Association presented our 
church with a pulpit Bible in memory of 
the late Bro. Charles E. Resser, who was 
a member of the association. Bro. Wil- 
liam Danner, who has worked extensively 
with both the American and Chinese mis- 
sion to lepers, gave two illustrated lec- 
tures to the young people recently. Our 
fall workers' conference was held Oct. 
1; at this time dedication services were 
held for the workers in the church school. 
Our women's council continues its month- 
ly meeting. The women sew for relief, 
hospitals and the Red Cross. Our semi- 
annual love feast and communion was 
held Oct. 6, with Bro. J. S. NofEsinger 
officiating at the four o'clock service and 
the pastor at the seven o'clock service. 
On Oct. 7 we held our fall council meet- 
ing, at which time Bro. J. H. HoUinger 



was re-elected elder and the writer 
church correspondent. Seven babies were 
dedicated on Oct. 20. A men's rally was 
held Oct. 23, with Dr. Clarence Cranford, 
pastor of the Calvary Baptist church, as 
the guest speaker. Since our last report, 
two have been baptized and sixteen re- 
ceived by letter. — Mrs. Jacob H. HoUinger, 
Washington, D. C. 


Astoria. — We met in quarterly business 
meeting on Dec. 3, with Elder Dewey 
Cave of Girard presiding. The young 
people report interesting discussion meet- 
ings each Sunday evening. This year they 
raised some popcorn, which is now 
ready for sale. "The women's work gave 
two missionary programs in the church 
on Sunday evenings. They made thirty-five 
gallons of apple butter, which has been 
sold. The men's work sponsored the 100% 
Messenger club. They sent a group to 
help with the church building at Peoria. 
Bro. David Fouts of Virden conducted a 
two weeks' evangelistic campaign in our 
church the first part of October. We are 
thankful that Bro. Canfield, our pastor, 
has regained his health. Local ministers 
and some visiting ministers filled the pul- 
pit during his illness. A class for young 
married couples has recently been or- 
ganized; Bro. Robert West is the teacher. 
Some improvements are being made in 
the church basement. The trustees re- 
port that recently our cemetery was in- 
corporated under the IlUnois state law. 
— Mrs. Irma Wherley, Browning, 111. 

Bachelor Run. — ^We met at the Carroll- 
ton Township schooUiouse on Dec. 3 for 
a fellowship supper followed by our busi- 
ness meeting. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. Clar- 
ence Sink, our pastor, was elected elder 
for another year. We will have the 100% 
Messenger club again. The aid society is 
still working for relief. They sent per- 
sonal Christmas packages to New Wind- 
sor for relief. The work on our new 
church is progressing slowly but we hope 
to be able to have the use of it in the 
near future. Bro. Sink has been very 
busy, since his return from Poland, giv- 
ing talks to the Middle District of Indi- 
ana on the needs over there. Since our 
last report one has been added to the 
church by baptism. Bro. William Angle 
and his wife represented us as dele- 
gates to the district meeting held at North 
Manchester. — Mrs. William Angle, Bring- 
hurst, Ind. 


Union Ridge. — ^We met for our regular 
business meeting in September with our 
elder, Bro. Charles Dumond, presiding; at 
this time church and Sunday-school offi- 
cers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. Charles Dumond was re-elected eld- 
er. On Oct. 1-3 Brother and Sister Oliver 
Davisson of Burr Oak, Kansas, were with 
us for evening services. On Oct. 13 Bro. 
Frank Crumpacker had charge of the 
services. He showed pictures of China 
in the evening. On Oct. 20 Bro. Ernest 
Vanderau of Kingsley preached for us 


Relocalion Service . . . 

This column is conducted as a service to 
our people. We reserve the right to edit 
and reject. Since we cannot investigate 
each item no responsibility is assumed by 
the Gospel Messenger or Brethren service. 
When answering write Brethren Service 
Committee, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., re- 
ferring to notice by number. Allow at 
least three weeks for a notice to appear. 

No. 205. Wanted: Parish worker de- 
siring to serve part time in a needy field. 
Fine opportunity to do home mission 
work. Good church house equipment. 
In Southern California beach town. Em- 
ployment for remaining time or for other 
members of a family plentiful. 

and the following Sunday Bro. Earl Dear- 
dorfE of Panora delivered the message. 
Brother and Sister Ernest Vanderau and 
their family accepted the pastorate and 
began their duties on Nov. 1. We started 
Sunday evening services on Nov. 3. The 
adults are led by Bro. Vanderau and the 
young people by Bro. Raymond Cuffel. 
Our annual harvest day was held Nov. 24, 
with Bro. Harl Russell of Marshalltown 
as the speaker. Our harvest offering was 
sixty-two dollars. We had Thanksgiving 
services on the evening of Nov. 27 and aft- 
er the services, we had a reception for our 
new pastor and his family. — Mrs. John 
Burn, Hampton, Iowa. 


Ottawa. — ^Bro. Blair Helman officiated at 
our love feast on Nov. 3. Bro. Helman 
plans to begin regular pastoral work with 
us on Dec. 1. During the absence of a 
regular pastor our neighboring brethren 
have been very helpful in bringing us 
messages from time to time. The young 
people have reorganized their B.Y.P.D. 
and are gaining in attendance and in- 
terest. Our church wishes to extend 
sympathy to Mrs. Charles Floyd and her 
children as they mourn the loss of hus- 
band and father. Since our last report 
the women of the church have sent 150 
garments and eight comforters for relief. 
The missionary group financed Sarah Mae 
Vancil while she was in work camp at 
Wichita. The junior missionary group 
have sent gifts for the Christmas party 
in Puerto Rico, cards, literature and 
scrapbooks to Gainesville, Texas, books 
to the Wichita project, and a cash offer- 
ing to Elgin to be sent to Africa. — ^Mrs. 
E. E. Bales, Ottawa, Kansas. 

Washington Creek. — We met in quarter- 
ly council recently; at this time Bro. D. 
H. Heckman of Lone Star was re-elected 
elder and Bro. Willard BrammeU was re- 
tained as pastor for another year. Of- 
ficers for church and Sunday school were 
elected; During the preaching hour an 
installation service was held for the new 
officers. On May 5 Sister Eliza Miller, 
former missionary to India, delivered an 
inspiring message. Two delegates were 
sent to the district meeting at the Buckeye 
church. A rural life institute was held 
with Bro. Ira Moomaw of Elgin as the 
main speaker. On a recent evening Bro. 
Willard BrammeU showed slides dealing 
with Brethren service. Mr. and Mrs. Jack 
Kough of Salina were with us on Sept, 8. 
Mr. Kough gave a report of their work at 
the Brethren service project. On the eve- 
ning of Nov. 2 we held our communion 
service with Elder D. H. Heckman pre- 
siding. On Dec. 1 a deputation team from 
McPherson College will be with us. We 
have been enjoying an informal church 
night supper the second Friday of each 
month. Miss Betty Crawford, who teach- 
es our rural school, has been making Bible 
pictures and placing them in a lighted 
church window at the front of the church 
each Sunday morning. The wonien have 
been quilting, piecing a comfort for re- 
lief, and repairing garments to be shipped 
to a relief center. The men have buUt 
a barn on the church farm and at present 
are completing the corn shucking. A 
number of new families have moved into 
our community and are assisting us with 
the work here. — Veva H. Hoover, Rich- 
land, Kansas. 

New Haven. — ^Bro. Edwin Esbensen was 
our sununer pastor. He and Mrs. Esben- 
sen did much work among the young 
people. Bro. Esbensen helped in repair- 
ing and decorating the church basement. 
A birthday dinner which was suggested 
and planned for by Sister Esbensen was 
held recently. A number of folks from 
the Crystal congregation- were present at 
the supper. Our love feast was held re- 
cently with Bro. Lehman of Crystal offici- 
ating, assisted by Bro. Esbensen. The 
church met in council recently and 
officers were elected for the coming year. 
Our home-coming was held Nov. 10, with 
Bro. Christopher Sower of Lansing as the 
speaker. The young people's class met 

their pledge of one hundred dollars for 
Youth Serves. They gathered material 
for a grill to be built on the church 
grounds. They also helped much with 
work in the basement. The ladies' aid 
canned, and gathered and mended cloth- 
ing for relief. At present they are mak- 
ing quilts to sell. The Sunday school is 
preparing a Christmas program. It was 
decided at our last council to have a 
revival at Eastertime. Three were added 
to the church by baptism during the year. 
— Purl Bosserman, Middleton, Mich. 

Norlh Dakota 

Surrey. — We met in council on Aug. 26, 
with Bro. Ralph Petry officiating. Officers 
were elected and Bro. Sylvan Stemen of 
Carrington was elected elder. Bro. Ralph 
Petry resigned as our pastor to take up 
the pastorate at Goshen, Ind. In his place 
we have chosen Bro. Walter Miller of 
Sawyer, N. Dak., who has moved Into the 
parsonage at Surrey. Since our last writ- 
ing we have redecorated the church and 
parsonage. Our women have been doing 
relief sewing and have collected used 
clothing. They sent seeds and Christmas 
boxes and the men helped to ship a car- 
load of wheat for relief. The annual har- 
vest meeting was held Nov. 3. The col- 
lection of $114 was given, together with 
ten dollars from the ladies' aid, for Breth- 
ren service. We have installed a new fur- 
nace. A church service was held on 
Thanksgiving Day and a collection of 
twenty-four dollars was lifted for mis- 
sions. In the absence of Bro. Miller, Bro. 
D. A. Miller took charge of the service. — 
Mrs. Hobart Myers, Surrey, N. Dak. 

Zion. — Among visitors who preached for 
us in recent months were the following: 
Brother and Sister Jesse Smeltzer of Cal- 
ifornia; Bro. Wilbur R. Hoover of Cam- 
bridge, Nebr., who held a two weeks' re- 
vival meeting at the Cando church, as a 
result of which fourteen were baptized; 
Bro. Hiram Peters of Michigan, who 
preached in the morning at the Zion 
church and in the evening at the Cando 
church; and Brother and Sister Paul Bul- 
man of North Manchester. The Towner 
County Sunday-school fall supper con- 
ference was held at the Cando church on 
Oct. 31. The Cando church had a harvest 
and thanksgiving meeting on Oct. 13. Bro. 
Ernest Walker left on Nov. 12, and Bro. 
William Loucks of York has been filling 
the pulpit since he left. The Zion and 
Cando churches have sent twenty heifers 
to China for relief. Dan Lewallen, Dwlght 
Wisler, Adolph Johnson. Owen Stong 
and Ernest Walker will leave the ninth 
of December with a boatload of cattle. — 
Mrs. Vetrus Hillestad, Bisbee, N. Dak. 

Baltic— We are thankful that all of our 
boys have returned from the service. The 
church has organized with Edward Shep- 
fer as elder and John McCormick as pas- 
tor. Our revival services were held with 
John Detrick, missionary under appoint- 
ment to China, as the evangelist. R. H. 
Miller, teacher at Manchester College, 
spoke at our harvest-home services in 
September. The ladies' aid purchased 
a bulletin board for the church and wool 
blankets for relief. They papered the 
kitchen of the church and are planning 
to redecorate in the near future. Christ- 
mas bundles were sent to our clothing 
center. A large group of young people 
are attending services regularly. In the 
past year our pastor was ordained to the 
eldership. — Viola McCormick, Baltic, Ohio. 

East NlmiahiUen. — During our pastor's 
absence in two revival meetings the pul- 
pit was filled by Bro. Elmer Frick and 
Bro. M. M. Taylor. The church has had 
as a project the feeding of hungry chil- 
dren in war-stricken areas and has raised 
approximately five hundred dollars. The 
Canal Fulton girls' choir was with us 
recently; an offering was lifted to help in 
the support of a leper colony. The North 
Hill Evangelical choir presented an eve- 
ning's program on Nov. 3 and the Gilbert 
Hines family on Oct. 13. On the evening 
of Nov. 24 we had an Illustrated lecture 
•on the subject of crime, marihuana cig- 

On the new book shelf.. ^. 


An anthology translated from the original Hebrew and Aramaic. For 

Price, $3.00 

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A missionary doctor looks at the church. 


A white woman looks at the race problem. 


A new reference work for the student. 


Story of a French clergyman imprisoned by the Germans. 


A book of prayers to be read in public. 

MARGIE . Brown 

Letters of a college girl to her boy friend collected and edited after her 

tragic, untimely death. 


Real help for those interested in counseling. 


Sane and interesting treatment of an old subject. 


Help for those who would improve as teachers. 


"A rich storehouse of devotional thought." 


A series of sermons on God. 


Excellent book on the meaning of the cross. 

Order your new hooks from- 

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iiw ii |B iii |B iiip | i ip| i i[«| i i[w i iw [i i| wi i[«[ i i|B| i iw| i ip |i iw [i tw [n [rt n 


arettes, venereal disease and liquor by 
C. E. Dowell of the Clean Life League. 
The young people will present the pag- 
eant, The Other Shepherd, on the evening 
of Dec. 22. The twenty-four boys who 
went out to service have returned home 
safely. Much of the work of the ladies' 
aid has been quilting and relief sewing. 
Thus far they have sent out ten boxes of 
clothing and have made nine comforters. 
Since the last report there has been one 
baptized and two await baptism. Our 
fall communion was held Oct. 6. — ^Florence 
Anstine, Hartville, Ohio. 

Fostorla. — We met in council recently 
with Elder A. G. Freed as moderator; 
church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Bro. Freed was re-elected elder 
for another year. The women's work 
group is mending clothing and making 
comforters for relief. They canned over 
200 quarts of tomatoes, carrots, spinach 
and vegetable soup. Our evangelistic 
services were held Oct. 1-13, with Brother 
and Sister I. D. Leatherman as the evan- 
gelists. As a result, six were baptized. 
Almost all of the boys who were in the 
armed service are home and are taking 
their places in the church services. We are 
happy to have them back with us. Our 
communion service was held Nov. 1, with 
Elder A. G. Freed presiding. — Mrs. Bessie 
Lee. Fostoria, Ohio. 

HicktvllU.— On Oct. 6 Bro. M. D. Neher 
of Defiance, Ohio, held a one-week evan- 

gelistic meeting which resulted in five 
baptisms and two being received into the 
church by letter. Bro. Neher also made a 
large painting for the church of Jesus 
walking by the Sea of Galilee. The fol- 
lowing Sunday Bro. Neher gave the mes- 
sage preceding the unveiling of the pic- 
ture. Our elder, Bro. J. F. Hornish, Bro. 
Neher and the pastor met with us for the 
election of church and Sunday-school of- 
ficers. Our church basement has been 
remodeled into two Sunday-school rooms. 
On Nov. 17 Brethren J. Hornish and Or- 
ville Noffsinger ordained Samuel Keller 
to the ministry. Our Christmas program 
is being planned by our Sunday-school 
teachers. We have a birthday offering 
which is being used to help the mission- 
aries. Our Sunday-school attendance for 
this year has been very good. — Mrs. Rob- 
ert Etchie, Hicksville, Ohio. 

Prices Cr««k. — Our two weeks' evan- 
gelistic meetings closed on the evening of 
Dec. 1, with Bro. B. M. Rollins of Keyser, 
W. Va., as the evangelist. Seventeen ac- 
cepted Christ. The church put on a cam- 
paign to get as many people as possible 
to attend who had never been in our 
church before. Our goal was 100. We 
reached 126. A show of hands of new 
people was counted each evening. We 
consider this an excellent achievement as 

JANUARY 11. 1947 


The most important 
puhlication of 1946 . . . 

VERSION of the 


A shipment of 500 copies enabled 

us to fill back orders and have a 

few left over. Do you have your 

Blue Cloth Binding, $2.00 

Elgin, Illinois 

we are just a country church. — C. D. 
Emrick, Eldorado, Ohio. 

White Collage. — A farewell dinner and 
program were given recently for Bro. Zig- 
ler and his family. The B.Y.P.D". had a 
special farewell party for the Ziglers' son 
and daughter. A group of our young 
people and their teachers were guests of 
the Alliance young people on Nov. 10. 
Several of our Sunday-school teachers 
attended the district teachers' meeting at 
Akron recently. Ten of bur people at- 
tended the county Christian education 
council at Zanesville on Oct. 1. On Oct. 
6 Sister Evelyn Horn brought the report 
frbm Annual Conference. On Oct. 13 she 
told of her trip home from Africa and of 
her stay in Italy while waiting for a boat 
and of the many places of interest she 
was privileged to visit there. We united 
with the M. E. church here for Armistice 
Day services; the son of the pastor there 
brought the message. We decided to give 
2% of our current expenses for religious 
education in our public schools. Four 
of our young people were received into 
the church by baptism. Since Bro. Zig- 
ler left, we are without a pastor. On Oct. 
1, our regular council meeting was held. 
Our women's work has been busy sew- 
ing for relief. A call meeting' was held 
Oct. 20, at which time it was decided to 
dispose of the parsonage and the trustees 
were instructed to secure another par- 
sonage as soon as they can find a suit- 
able one. We hope to have a 100% Mes- 
senger club this year. — Mrs. J. F. Shrider, 
Zanesville, Ohio. 


Weston. — We held our council meeting 
with Bro. E. E. Tucker presiding. Bro, 
R. E. Mcintosh of Spokane was chosen 
elder for the coming year. We have had 
several letters of inquiry for a pastor but 
as yet nothing definite has been worked 
out. Our offering for overseas relief 
amounted to $295. We have organized a 
young people's group for Sunday eve- 
nings.— Mrs. E. E. Tucker, Weston, Ore- 


Alloona, First. — Our evangelistic meet- 
ings which were held by our pastor, Bro. 
Herman B. Heisey, closed Nov. 24. The 
church auditorium was filled at every 
meeting. The regular choir, the men's 
chorus, and other special numbers aided 
by pipe organ, piano and marimba fur- 
nished music of an inspiring nature. 
Twelve responded to the invitation to ac- 
cept the Lord as their personal Savior 
during the week's meetings. There was 
a splendid turnout for the Thanksgiving 
service on the following Wednesday eve- 



ning. Prior to the week of evangelistic 
meetings and since our last report, the 
pastor has baptized twenty-three persons 
and received four others on former bap- 
tism. For more than a year Bro. Heisey 
has been giving the gospel message each 
Saturday evening in the Laymen's Gospel 
Hour over WFBG — Emma J. Kantner, Al- 
toona, Pa. 

Elizabeilitowii. — Our pastor, Nevin Zuck, 
held a one-week preaching mission in the 
First church. Canton, Ohio, beginning 
Oct. 13. During his absence the pulpit 
was filled by Brethren Ross D. Murphy 
and Henry G. Bucher. The Stevens Hill 
revival which was held Oct. 13-27 was the 
best attended in recent years. Bro. Don- 
ald Martin of Shamokin was the evange- 
list. Nine folks responded to the invita- 
tion. On Oct. 27 Bro. Jesse Ziegler 
preached for us. Our love feast was held 
on Nov. 4, with our pastor ofRciating. 
The college annual Bible institute began 
Nov. 22 with the lyceum lecture by Dr. 
Ralph Sockman. The institute instruc- 
tors were Brethren C. C. Ellis and Harper 
S. Will. Our council meeting was held 
on the evening of Nov. 7; at this time the 
pastors gave excellent reports of their 
work during the year. Bro. Nevin Zuck 
reported for the Elizabethtown church. 
Bro. John Hershman reported for the 
Swatara Hill church and Bro. Ralph Frey 
reported on the work at the Stevens Hill 
church. The ladies' aid report showed 
that they had sewed and repaired cloth- 
ing and made a large contribution to re- 
lief work. The financial report of the 
church showed that twice as much money 
was contributed this year as last year. 
During the year the church has received 
twenty-nine members by baptism and sev- 
enteen by letter. We lost nine by death 
and nineteen by letter. — ^Ella S. Hiestand, 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Ligonier. — Bro. Robert Mock of Rum- 
mel. Pa., came to us as our summer pas- 
tor and has since been elected as our 
pastor for an indefinite term. Since his 
coming, our B.Y.P.D. and prayer meeting 
have been reorganized and are moving 
along quite successfully. The attendance 
of these two organizations, as well as at 
our Sunday morning services, has been 
greatly increased. Our pastor has visited 
many homes and administered several 
anointings. Bro. Mock conducted a week's 
meeting prior to our love feast. As a re- 
sult four were baptized. Our girls' chorus 
has been augmented by several men's 
voices miaking a four-part choir of eigh- 
teen members. A young people's banquet 
was held recently in honor of Bro. Mock's 
birthday. Open house was held later in 
the evening. During the month of Octo- 
ber our sanctuary was redecorated. A 
rededicatiorl service was held afterwards. 
A new pulpit stand was added in 
honor of Bro. Mock and the wom- 
en's work organization purchased of- 
fering plates. The young people of the 
Volunteer Sunday-school class have solic- 
ited a large sum of money to take care 
of experises incurred in redecorating. — 
Mrs. Arthur Wolford, Ligonier, Pa. 

Lost Creek. — The church at Free Spring 
has enjoyed an evangelistic campaign 
conducted by Bro. Rummel, assisted by 
our pastor, H. D. Emmert. Bro. Rummel's 
sermons were well received and much 
enjoyed by all. The attendance was good 
throughout. As a result of these meet- 
ings, twelve were received into the church 
by baptism on Nov. 16. On Nov. 17 we 
observed our love feast and communion 
service. We are remodeling the church. 
The young people of our church are pre- 
paring a Christmas program for Christ- 
mas eve. — Mrs. B. F. Musser, Mifflintown, 

Maple Spring. — Attendance at church 
and Sunday school shows a marked in- 
crease in the new church year. Our 
B.Y.P.D., under the leadership of Bro. 
Virgil Good, is progressing nicely and tak- 
ing an active part in the work of the 
church. At present they are devoting a 
period of time to the study of the doc- 
trinal teachings of our church. Our church 
recerjtly lifted an offering which was used 

to purchase a heifer for relief. Our fall 
revival meeting was conducted by Bro. S. 
Clyde Weaver of East Petersburg, Pa. One 
was baptized. On Oct. 6 Bro. Rufus Bu- 
cher related to us his impressions of his 
trip to Europe. He brought a message to 
the young people in the evening. On Oct. 
20 Brother and Sister Earl Zigler were 
with us. Our church contributes toward 
the work budget of the Ziglers. Our B.Y. 
P.D. recently mailed twenty-four Christ- 
mas packages to New Windsor to be sent 
to Europe for distribution among the chil- 
dren in war-devastated areas. Our church 
assembled in special council on Nov. 14, 
at which time they voted to build a need- 
ed addition to the church to be used for 
Sunday-school rooms and to provide more 
room at love feast and conununion time. 
— Mrs. John M. Geary, Hollsopple, Pa. 

Martinsburg.— At our fall council church 
and Sunday-school oiRcers were elected. 
Bro. H. Q. Rhoades was elected elder and 
the pastor, Bro. M. G. Wilson, assistant. 
Rally day was ■ observed Oct. 6, at which 
time Sunday-school officers were installed. 
On Oct. 13 a harvest-home service was 
held and contributions of food were giv- 
en to the Morrison's Cove home. At 
Thanksgiving the children's department 
of the Sunday school visited the home and 
gave a Thanksgiving treat to each guest. 
For a nine months' period the" women's 
work organization made a substantial con- 
tribution to relief, part of which was as 
follows : thirty-one comforters, twenty- 
two blankets, twenty-three layettes, 613 
pounds of used clothing, five cases of 
meat, sixteen cases of vegetables and 
forty-five dollars in cash. The initial proj- 
ect of the Lord's acre yielded $525.20 for 
Brethren service. The pastor, Bro. Wil- 
son, worked faithfully with the men in 
promoting this phase of work for relief. 
Four kiddie-kits were contributed for 
European children. Eighty-seven pounds 
of toys were given for Puerto Rico. Three 
babies were dedicated to the Lord In a 
service on Nov. 3. Our love feast was 
held on Nov. 3 and for two .weeks follow- 
ing revival services were conducted by 
Bro. Ralph Rarick of Hollidaysburg, Pa. 
Six , were received into the church by 
baptism. On Nov. 24 Bro. Howard L. Alley 
and his family of Huntingdon, Pa., were 
welcome visitors at our services. Bro. 
Alley spoke at the morning and evening 
services and also at the young people's 
meeting. A community leadership train- 
ing school is being held in our church 
with an enrollment of sixty-five. — Mrs. C. 
O. Beery, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Midway. — Elder Ray Kurtz officiated at 
our fall love feast With Elder H. F. King 
and Jonathan Reber assisting. A program 
of sacred music was rendered in October 
in the Midway church by our mixed cho- 
rus. All of the hymns used in the program 
were from Bro. Henry Gottshall's collec- 
tion. An appreciative audience contrib- 
uted liberally to the oftering which was 
given to the Gottshall family. At that 
time Bro. Gottshall was critically ill. Sis- 
ter Susie Thomas was the guest speaker 
at a missionary meeting which was spon- 
sored by the women's work group of our 
church. On Nov. 10 Sister Martha Martin 
delivered an address on the problem of 
peace. Our revival meetings were held 
Nov. 18 — Dec. 1, with Bro. Alton Bucher 
of the Heidelberg church as the evan- 
gelist. Five young people expressed their 
desire to accept Christ during the meet- 
ing. — ^Paul M. Forney, Lebanon, Pa. 

Philadelphia, First. — At our fall council 
meeting Bro. W. I. isook was elected eld- 
er. Three deacons also were elected at 
this meeting. Installation services were 
held for all of the new oificers and their 
wives. We have purchased a sound fihn 
projector and are now using it for educa- 
tional programs for the young people's 
groups which meet every Friday night. 
We expect to show The Life of St. Paul 
on the evening of Dec. 15. This picture 
is being presented under the auspices of 
the Help-One- Another class of our Sun- 
day school. The group of women who 
are interested in sewing for relief met 
recently to discuss and plan the work for 

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Single copy, $1.10 postpaid 

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Trade-in allowance on old copies of Hymnal, Church I 
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A songbook for the lour- and five-year-olds. 


Formerly Primary Music and Worship 

Recommended by the Music Commission for children six to 
eight. In quantities, each, $1.00. 


Approved by the Music Commission as the best hymnal in 
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Recommended for the average children's choir. 


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THE Little Child 

WikNTS TO Sing jf 

the winter months. We have already 
packed boxes of children's toys for Christ- 
mas and sent them on their way. On 
Nov. 16 a Thanksgiving dinner was served 
at the church and a program was given 
with Dr. Francis H. Green as the guest 
speaker. On this occasion special recog- 
nition was given to our returned service 
men and women. Our church program 
Is going forward under fine leadership 
and co-operation. — Mrs. Iva M. Jacoby, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Royersford. — During our morning serv- 
ice on Nov. 3 Mr. and Mrs. Earl Nelson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Donald L. Snively and Mr. 
and Mrs. Lloyd G. Rogers were installed 
Into the office of deacon. The service of 
the laying on of hands was conducted by 
the pastor, Bro. Caleb Bucher, assisted 
by the deacons, W. S. Price, A. P. Harley 
and Lawrence High. In the evening we 
had our love feast. On Nov. 10 a group 
of our young people attended the youth 
rally held in the Brooklyn Italian mission. 
On Nov. 17 we observed a day of missions 
and world brotherhood. Our speaker 
•was Dr. Jesse Dell Crawford of Prince- 
ton University. Our offerings totaled 

$421.50. The union Thanksgiving service 
was held in our church with Rev. Paul J. 
Henry of the Lutheran church as the 
speaker. We .expect Mrs. Wilma Stern 
Lewis to occupy our pulpit again on Dec. 
l.^OUive Flemings, Royersford, Pa. 

Schuylkill. — Our council meeting was 
held recently and officers were elected 
for the coming year. The church is still 
contributing to relief by sending cloth- 
ing and money overseas. Our Sunday- 
school attendance is increasing. Dele- 
gates to the district meeting were Elders 
S. K. Wenger and H. G. Fahnestock. Bro. 
Lester Royer of Lebanon gave us an edu- 
cational sermon recently. Bro. William 
Forrey spoke at our harvest-home servic- 
es. Brethren Allen Becker and Ammon 
Meyer preached for us recently. Our 
revival meetings were held Sept. 15-29 at 
the Big Dam house with Elder Hiram 
Gingrich as the evangelist. As a result, 
seven were baptized on Oct. 6. Our love 
feast was held Oct. 19 and 20. Visiting 
ministers were D. W. Bucklew. Hiram 
Frysinger and Hiram Gingrich, who offi- 
ciated. Bro. Ezra Bucher conducted a 
Bible institute on Nov. 10. On Nov. 17 


the Grantham College quartet sang a 
number of songs'. The morning message 
was brought by one of the group. A men's 
work group was organized. On Nov. 28 
a Thanksgiving service was held. — Mrs. 
Arnold Zechman, Pine Grove, Pa. 

SlpesviUe.— On Oct. 1 we met In quar- 
terly council to elect officers for the com- 
ing year. The men's work of the church 
has purchased and sent a heifer for relief. 
Our revival meeting began Oct. 6 and 
continued for two weeks with Bro. Ber- 
nard King of the York church as the 
evangelist. As a result, five new mem- 
bers were received into the church by 
baptism. Our communion was held Oct. 
27. Our pastor, Bro. C. O. Showalter, held 
a two weeks' meeting at the Mt. Joy 
church, beginning Oct. 28. The district 
meeting of Western Pennsylvania was held 
in the Somerset church on Oct. 23 and 
24. Our delegates were Roy Wolford, 
William Edmiston and Mrs. John Weimer. 
The community Thanksgiving service was 
held in the Sipesville church with Rev. 
Guss, pastor of the Casebeer Lutheran 
church, as the speaker. At present we 
are planning for a Christmas program. — 
Mrs. George W. Maust, Somerset, Pa. 

Somerset. — Our home-coming was held 
recently with Bro. T. F. Henry of Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., bringing messages at the 
morning, afternoon and evening services. 
The offering was used for the building 
fund. We expect to pay off our church 
debt next year. Our pastor, Bro. Galen 
R. Blough, brought a series of sermons 
on the subject. Thoughts and Meditations 
on Life, at the evening services during 
September. The young people had some 
special part in each service. We recent- 
ly received seven members by letter. 
Sept. 29 was rally day. The children gave 
a program in the morning and the young 
people had a candlelighting service in 
the evening, at which time new officers 
were installed. The Western Pennsyl- 
vania men's rally was held in our church 
on Oct. 4; Bro. R. E. Mohler, the national 
executive secretary, was the speaker. Dr. 
Raymond Schmidt gave a temperance lec- 
ture, entitled America's Sure Foundation, 
on Oct. 6. Our love feast was held on 
the evening of Oct. 20. On Oct. 23 and 24 
the annual district meeting of Western 
Pennsylvania was held in our church. 
Sister Emily Cupp has been awarded a 
Bible for memorizing the most Scripture 
passages in the Bible contest. So far she 
is the only person in Western Pennsyl- 
vania to receive the award. Our pastor is 
now preaching a series of Sunday eve- 
ning sermons on the life of Paul. The 
union Thanksgiving services will be held 
in our church with Rev. Ralph Huntsman, 
pastor of the Methodist church, bringing 
the message.— Mrs. Charles Cage, Somer- 
set, Pa. 

Spring Grove. — On Oct. 6 the love feast 
was held at the Kemper house. Bro. Har- 
vey Markley of the West Conestoga con- 
gregation and Bro. Harry Dohner of the 
Akron congregation were the visiting 
ministers. Our revival meetings were 
held at the Kemper house Oct. 20 — Nov. 3 
with Bro. Ollie Hevener of the White Oak 
congregation as the evangelist. As a re- 
sult of the meetings, three were added 
to the church by baptism. On Nov. 28 
we worshiped in a Thanksgiving service 
at the Kemper house: Bro. Gray bill Her- 
shey of the White Oak congregation was 
the speaker.— Mary Esther Stoner, Lititz, 

Uniontown. — Several of our members 
attended the personal evangelism classes 
held at the Mt. Pleasant church during 
the month of September. Many of our 
members participated in a church-wide 
friendly visitation program in preparation 
for the fall program and communion serv- 
ice. Recent guest speakers at our church 
were Bro. Robert TuUy, Bro. Nevin Zuck, 
our former pastor, and Bro. Robert Earl 
Houff. An appreciation meeting was 
held for Brother and Sister J. A. Thomas, 
who served as church sextons for twen- 

JANUARY 11, 1947 


ty-five years. Bro. West recently com- 
pleted a series of sermons on Tests of 
Christian Maturity. A special feature of 
our father and son banquet on Nov. 6 
was the sound picture. The Calling of 
Dan Matthews. Brother and Sister Stew- 
art B. Kauffman of Windber, Pa., assisted 
the pastor in our evangelistic services 
Nov. 10-17. Special music and stories for 
the children were a part of each evening's 
service. The attendance was excellent 
and fifteen new members were received 
into the church. Our relief garden proved 
very successful and as a result we shipped 
a total of 2,060 cans. In addition the wom- 
en of the congregation contributed fats 
from which approximately 500 large 
cakes of soap were made. Plans are un- 
der way for the purchase of an electric 
organ and the remodeling of the church 
as soon as materials are available. The 
interior of the church was recently pEiint- 
ed. The pastor is preaching at the Bethel 
church each Friday evening until they 
can secure a pastor. Our church will as- 
sist in the city-wide religious census 
which is to be taken in our city on Dec. 
1. — Grace Hager, Uniontown, Pa. 


Pleasant Valley. — Our church was rep- 
resented at the young people's conference 
at Knob Creek. Brother and Sister H. R. 
Myers of Indiana conducted our evan- 
gelistic services in October. One mem- 
ber was added to the church. L. D. Sim- 
mons, Grace White and Betty Swadley 
of Knob Creek were with us recently and 
spoke in the interest of the young people 
of the church. At our fall council meet- 
ing Bro. Ray Clark was re-elected pastor 
and Bro. Niles Hilbert elder. The Sunday 
school is planning a Christmas program 
in which the young people and children 
will take part. — Louise Ferguson, Jones- 
boro, Tenn. 


Bassett. — Our revival services were held 
with Bro. Wayne Reiman as the evan- 
gelist. A week of a combined leadership 
training and music institute was held 
with Bro. Minor C. Miller addressing the 
opening session. Bro. David Wampler 
conducted the music study hour, and Bro. 
Guy Wampler of the Mount Hermon 
church. Miss Jane Thompson, weekday re- 
ligious education teacher in the Martins- 
ville public school, and the pastor con- 
ducted the classes. Our church is now 
near completion. Our love feast was held 


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You do not need to miss a single issue of the Gospel Mes- 
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Oct. 19. The following day Elder J. B. 
Peters of Roanoke was the guest speaker 
at our home-coming services. A fellow- 
ship dinner was enjoyed following the 
morning service. The women's group 
canned and sent 582 cans to the relief 
center in Roanoke. They are now sewing 
for relief. Several women spent a day 
recently helping at the relief center. Three 
of our boys served as cowboys on a cattle 
boat to Greece. On Oct. 6 installation 
services were held by candlelight for the 
newly elected officers of the church and 
Sunday school. The Sunday-school at- 
tendance has increased considerably since 
the purchase of a new bus. — Mrs. W. H. 
Smith, Bassett, Va. 

Blue Ridge. — Our revival services were 
conducted by Bro. Chester Harley the 
first two weeks of October. Several were 
added to the church by letter and by bap- 
tism. Bro. C. M. Key, the First District 
of Virginia field director, met with the 
administrative board on Nov. 15 to discuss 
church organization. The 'women's work 
organization sponsored a silver tea on 
Nov. 21, the proceeds of which will go to 
the parsonage fund. The women have 
canned 134 cans of food for relief and 
have been helping at the Roanoke relief 
center. The men's organization has given 
forty cases of food and several heifers for 
relief. A Christmas package was sent to 
Puerto Rico from the children's depart- 
ment. The young people's organization 
are planning a Christmas dinner on Dec. 
18, with an instructive and interesting 
program.— Ruby EUer Foster, Blue Ridge, 

Hollins Road. — Our evangelistic meeting 
was held by the pastor. It was closed 
with the love feast. Two were baptized. 
Envelopes for the coming year have been 
distributed. Our B.YJ'.D. meets each 
Sunday evening preceding the regular 
worship service. A Halloween social 
was held in the basement of the church 
and the young people are now working 

on the play. The Heart of Christmas, to 
be presented on Sunday night before 
Christmas. The children of the church 
will also present a program on Christmas 
Eve. — Verna Caricofe, Roanoke, Va. 

Siumyslope. — At our quarterly council 
we elected our new teachers and officers 
for the coming year. Bro. Noble Dear- 
dorflf was elected elder. Our love feast 
was held Nov. 16; an all-day harvest 
meeting followed on the 17th with oxxr 
pastor, Bro. Noble Deardorff, and Bro. 
Jay Eller of Wenatchee as the speakers. 
On the evening of Nov. 24 the girls of the 
intermediate department presented an 
original relief play entitled Of the Least of 
These. A committee is arranging a special 
Christmas program. Our ladies' aid is 
busy doing relief sewing and quilting. 
Some work will be done on the church 
building by the men; some new Sunday- 
school classrooms which are badly needed 
because of our growing enrollment will be 
added. — Mrs. Aubrey Pobst, Cashmere, 

West Virginia 
North Mill Creek. — ^Bro. Henry Cosner of 
Petersburg, W. Va., recently held a series 
of meetings at the Rough Run church. He 
was assisted by Brethren Calvin Harris 
and P. I. Garber, also of Petersburg. As 
a result of these meetings seventeen were 
added to the church by baptism. Bro. 
Walter Burner of Woodstock, Va., re- 
cently held a series of meetings at the 
Bethel church. As a result, six were add- 
ed to the church by baptism. A series of 
meetings were held at the Brake church 
Sept. 30 — Oct. 13. The sermons were de- 
livered by Bro. Garber, assisted by Breth- 
ren Calvin Harris, Henry Cosner and Rev. 
Whitefield of the Baptist church. As a 
result, nine were added to the church by 
baptism. All of these meetings closed 
with the communion service. — Gracie A- 
Shreve, Petersburg, W. Va. 

Gospel Messenger 

Volume 96 

JANUARY 18. 1947 

Nvunber 3 

He is but a lad here. 
But already one can see 
in his face and in his 
eyes the tenderness and 
the self-control which 
will make it possible for 
him later to be smitten 
without sjniting back, to 
carry a cross without 
bitterness and to pray for 
those who will slay him 
upon it. The Christ 
Child's eyes are filled 
with peace because he 
loves and is loved. His 
mother's arms are ten- 
der; the home ties are 
strong. These are help- 
ing to fashion the future 
of the "Savior of the 

The expressions on 
the faces of some of our 
sons are not as peaceful 
as this. But they should 
be. A good home writes 
its indelible imprint upon 
the faces of its sons and 

Christian parents need 
to walk very close to God 
in days such as these. 

lite Gkiid Ckiw 

D. W. B. 

TMt ptwt P'ciuRes. 

I*01T0N VJ TlON. 

•0, 01 feUGCNE A. (*|l»flV. 


'Tor thou. Lord, art good, omd ready to 
'forgire: and plenteous in mercy unto all 
Ihem that call upon thee" (Psa. 86: 5). 

Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WnGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, HL, at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, 111., as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed In U.S.A. 

New Hampshire state hospital for 
the mentally ill will have a fuU- 
time Protestant chaplain under plans 
made by the New Hampshire Coun- 
cil of Churches and the Council of 
Religioxos Education. 

Sixty thousand Virginia school 
children are now enrolled in weekly 
religious education classes offered 
through the public schools, it was 
reported by the department of 
Christian edycation of the Virginia 
Council of Churches, which finances 
all the courses. Eighty-five full- 
time instructors are employed. 

The death toll of the Christmas 
holiday was 137; 122 of these were 
highway deaths. An officer of the 
Los Angeles police traffic division at- 
tributed the thirty deaths in south- 
ern California to wet streets and 

Thirty young Jews, liberated from 
nazi concentration camps, have come 
to the United States to study for the 
rabbinate in Jewish theological 
schools. They will return to Ger- 
many to fill the places of murdered 
Jewish leaders. 

JANUARY 18, 1947 
Voltime 96 Number 3 

A flying hospital to be used by 
Rev. Roger Perkins, a Presbyterian 
missionary, in the San Francisco 
River country of central Brazil was 
dedicated in November at Caldwell, 
N. J. The airplane was bought with 
funds contributed by Presbyterian 
Sunday schools throughout the Unit- 
ed States. 

A congregation of Jews and Chris- 
tians of all races will get under way 
this month in Philadelphia; it will 
be known as Fellowship Church. 
The tentative plan provides for a 
Friday night service of the Jewish 
pattern and a Sunday morning serv- 
/t ^T\ • 'y^ L. t. ice of a Christian character; a Sun- 
lit #KI» rCUfltOCt ••• day afternoon service once a month 
£jj,jjj.jgj will follow an interfaith pattern. 

Jie Christ Child (D.W.B.) 1 A gain of 729 American Roman 

ThTn'kIng Ab^fl'l4™d'i947\D.W.B.^3 Catholic missionaries assigned to 

Thinking About the News (D.W.B.) 4 foreign stations over the number for 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 1944 is reported in the Missionary 

jAbout Books 24 Index of Catholic Americans. There 

; The General Fonun— are 3,093 members of foreign mis- 
fee Question of the Hour. M. Guy West 5 sionary groups located in 172 geo- 
l Believe in the Fact of Sin. Levi K. Zieg- graphic areas. In spite of the gain 

L, ^®'' v; ^ the Index shows personnel shortages 

Stewardship. Ella Mae Peters 8 ,•„ r-v.^*,-, T^^or, ^r,A i^v>^ r>v.;n^»>iv,«<. 

Strengthening the Faith-roots. A. Wayne '"^ ^^'^^' "^^P^" ^"'^ *^® Phllippmes. 

b£"i^ ui;3ent';";vi;; ckristians."w ^ ..f"*®T^^^-^^^?'f^I^'^^ 

Hqrold Row 11 fifteen churches in Philadelphia to 

|t Grows Within the Human Heart transport their parishioners frorji 

^ (Verse). Miriam Bowman 10 their homes to the church. The 

Pjctures of Life. W. M. Piatt 12 movement from old neighborhoods 

Home and Family — of families who still return for 

^e Shining Presence. Florence S. Stu- services on Sunday and the incoh- 

^ji *V? J J^ .""A,"", — ^^ venience of transportation in some 

lA Good Recreation Creed 14 , . , ,,,,.„ 

Bedtime of the Stars. Byron Talhelm . . 15 sections have prompted this "mech- 

jWalking With God Today. Edward Km- anization." 

• sen Ziegler 15 

; bur Mission Work A Senatof Exptesses His Views on Peacetime 

Whitecaps. Lois Netzley ShuU 18 r*f\-n€3fi>ir\*if\rt 

Spiritual Life Conference of India. Clyde V-rOnSCnpUOn 

_ and Eleanor Carter 18 Senator Johnson of Colorado, a 

Fnnd^°^!. !^^. .^"^^!^'!'.^"!!'! ^^^'^°''ig memher of the senate military \ af- 

Missionaries Return' .'.'.'.*.'.'.'!.'."!.".',*.'.' .19 fairs committee, in a letter to Dr. 

_ . „ . Karl Compton, chairman of the 

Brethren Service — , x j • •7- , • 

m. -rr ■,-, , newly created civilian advisory 

They Have Homes Again 20 • ■ -7.^ ^ . . 

With a Worker in Italy. Merlin L. Frantz 20 f^o^'^'^ssion on military training, 

Suffer Little Children (Verse). Frances termed peacetime m,ilitary training 

Bowman' .- 21 a "proposal to delegate the spiritual 

A Dutch Sewing Bee 21 ^nd moral training of American 

Can We AHord to Give Less? 21 ^u ^ ^u .u 1 * > » rr 

youths to the brass hats. He con- 

The Church at Work— tinned: "Such an un-American in- 
Sewing for Relief. Mrs. Earl Flohr 22 novation would substitute sex 

yo?St to\no:'About':.'^:!".:--23 '^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^ ^°^ ^''''^^' 

The Achievement Offering 23 training, and moral stagnation for 

- GOSPFT MF«;«;FMrpn the dev elopment of a healthy, 

Z GOSPEL MESSENGER wholesome, self-reliant morale. 

A servicemen's chapel at the army 
air force training center at Fresno 
wUl become a memorial to Amer- 
ican-bom Japanese who fought and 
died in World War II. The Con- 
gregational church at Fresno, which 
has an American-Japanese member- 
'ship, was awarded the building by 
the War Assets Authority. 

Nearly 5000 toys made by the 
school children of Darmstadt, Ger- 
many, have been handed over to the 
American Military Government 
with the request that they be used 
to fill the Christmas stockings of 
American children. The Grerman 
children made the toys as a present 
to American children in gratitude 
for the extra warm meal which is 
being served daily to school children 
in Darmstadt by the American 
Friends Service Committee. 
(Friends' Intelligencer) 

Expressing himself on Mr, Tru- 
man's statements that the military 
phase was incidental to what he had 
in mind and that the word "mili- 
tary" was to be left out, Mr. John- 
son wrote: "Out of one side of our 
mouths we talk of world disarma- 
ment and out of the other we start 
a world armament race! Russia is 
not going to be deceived by our ju- 
venile strategy in dropping the term 
'military' from 'universal training.' 
Latin Am,erica will notice that we 
have substituted shotgun diplomacy 
for our vaunted good neighbor poli- 
cy." r 


Thinking About 1946 
and 1947 

Throughout another year we 
have tried week by week to 
look at some of the events 
which have occurred in the 
world in which we live and to in- 
terpret them from the stand- 
point of the Christian con- 
science. This is being written in 
an endeavor to sum up some of 
the significant news of the year; 
some of it is encouraging, some 
is discouraging. 

1. At the head of the list as 
far as immediate news promi- 
nence is concerned is the resur- 
gence of hope among the nations 
that world peace actually may be 
achieved, at least that war may 
be held off for a period of years 
rather than only for months as 
seemed indicated at several 
times during the year. 

2. Paralleling this is a deepen- 
ing faith in the good intentions 
of the United Nations and a 
greater appreciation of what 
that organization may grow into 
if we will vest faith and confi- 
dence in it and in each other. 

3. Heading the list, however, 
as far as abiding significance in 
news determination is con- 
cerned, is a deepening religious 
attitude on the part of the peo- 
ples of the world. Everywhere 
there seems to be a growing un- 
derstanding that only as we de- 
pend upon God and come to un- 
derstand him is there hope for 
our salvation either physically 
or spiritually. 

4. This turn to religion has led 
to important advances in the 
church both in America and 
abroad. In America a few sum- 
mations will be of interest: The 
church increased in membership 
last year 36.5% compared to a 
population growth of 17.9%. 
Church giving totaled $614,000,- 
000, which is an increase of about 
20% over last year. This did not 
nearly approach the percentage 

increase in income, however. 
There has been a revival of in- 
terest in the art of worship. The 
service undertaken by the 
church has widened in scope 
and, in general, it has increased 
also in professional quality. The 
weekday religious education 
movement has spread into 2,000 
communities. Missionaries have 
returned to their posts every- 
where. There is a growing em- 
phasis on evangelism; however, 
the consciousness of sin and the 
need for repentance has not 
grown among Christians them- 
selves as much as it should have. 
The church has given significant 
guidance to government. The 
church is beginning to realize 
more fully both its power for 
good and something of its re- 
sponsibility and commission to 
use that power. 

5. Throughout the world there 
has been a growing feeling on 
the part of the "colonial peo- 
ples," many of whom are col- 
ored, that the era of European 
domination or the age of the 
white man is drawing to a close. 
The independence movement in 
India, the Philippines, Puerto 
Rico, and the southeastern Paci- 
fic countries has become more 
world shaking. Thinking white 
people are glad to see this and 
will feel better when the white 
race takes its place among the 
other races on the basis of spirit- 
ual and intellectual merit rather 
than on the basis of force of 

6. This rise of the underpriv- 
ileged is being felt in America; 
the colored race is becoming 
more vocal and insistent in de- 
manding the right to be liber- 
ated from perpetual second-class 
citizenship. The United States 
is being embarrassed every- 
where by the rigid caste system 
which we maintain at home 
while we claim to be seeking to 
remove it elsewhere. 

7. Capital and labor have tried 

to co-operate but have not been 
able to succeed in some major 
cases. This has injured both of 
them but it has awakened the 
public to the fact that co-opera- 
tion is a "must" in industry as 
well as in international life. 

8. Attempts at a clarification 
of the relationship between 
church and state has occupied 
considerable news space during 
the year, chiefly as it related 
itself to religious education in 
the public schools and to the 
question of the right of Catholics 
to ride on school busses to paro- 
chial schools. Little progress 
was made toward clarification of 
the issues. This may have been 
because those involved locally in 
almost every case became highly 
emotional about the outcome 
without very clearly under- 
standing the larger and under- 
lying issues involved. 

9. On the larger issues of 
church-state relationships there 
has been a growing conscious- 
ness on the part of both church 
and state that the breakdown of 
the home, the increase in juve- 
nile delinquency, the problems of 
hunger, war, health and moral 
conduct are the problems of both 
church and state; that the people 
who are the church are also the 
responsible people who are the 
state. Consequently, there has 
been a drawing together of 
church and state. This some de- 
plore, some eulogize; others have 
no opinion. 

10. In general, the churches of 
Christ have tended to realize 
their essential unity and single- 
ness of purpose. There have 
been some actual church denom- 
inational unions and many func- 
tionally co-operative enterprises. 
Against this there has been some 
vigorous protest. But the chal- 
lenge to the church to serve 
Christ in the present age of suf- 
fering and delinquency has ac- 

JANUARY 18. 1947 3 

celerated the co-operative move- 

* * * * 

As we enter more deeply into 
1947 one can venture to proph- 
esy that these are some of the 
news items which will occupy 
our attention and challenge our 

1. World peace will be fur- 
thered through a growing sense 
of our common weaknesses and 
our common brotherhood and 
through a strengthened United 
Nations organization brought 
about by our increasing faith in 
its possibilities. 

2. The church will be strength- 
ened through a growing con- 
sciousness on the part of its 
membership that of all things in 
this age, it is most essential, for 
it alone ties man to Divinity. Ef- 
forts to direct it into theological 
isolationism will not succeed. 

3. The church and the state 
will move closer together in at- 
tacking their common problems. 

4. Race relations will become 
more acute in the thinking of 
men everywhere; race episodes 
will break out in many places 
but on the whole race relations 
will become better. 

5. Labor and management will 
move toward a fuller recognition 
of their common brotherhood 
and interdependence but there 
will be some serious strikes be- 
fore this will come about. Boss- 
ism in labor will lessen; so will 
hardheadedness in management. 

6. There will be a rapid ex- 
' pansion of missions; evangelism 

will be stressed everywhere. A 
recognition of the supremity of 
. God will increase; the church 
will have great opportunities for 
achievement; its ability to 
achieve will be dependent upon 
its courage. 

Nineteen hundred forty-seven 
offers opportunity to everyone 
who has courage to invest twelve 
months of hard work for God 
and his kingdom. Let's up and 
at it. D. w. B. 


Urgent Tasks for the 80th Congress 

In November a Republican Congress was elected, the first in a 
dozen years. During that dozen years we struggled through a de- 
pression and wrestled through a war; enough changes were made in 
our philosophy, our industry and our deportment to suffice for any 
previous half-century. When the election results for the 80th Congress 
were tabulated, there were many who cried, "Americanism has won 
a victory. Now we shall be saved." There were others who said, 
"Now we shall return once more to 'normalcy,' to isolationism, pres- 
ently to depression. Then we shall enter World War III, which will be 
planned by international finance and managed by international mili- 

The eightieth Congress has a responsible task. If it would lead 
toward the dawn rather than toward the sunset these are some of the 
things it must place on its agenda. 

1. To declare World War II ended or to insist that the President 
do so; a "cessation-of-hostilities" pronouncement is not enough. 

2. To turn down clearly and decisively the pressure of the military 
for peacetime conscription. 

3. To limit drastically our excessive appropriation for military and 
war purposes. The total budget for the United Nations in the interests 
of peace in 1947 is $23,790,000. Fifty-five nations are participants. The 
appropriation for war in our nation alone is more than $13,800,000,000. 
(This includes terminal leave appropriations for this year.) This means 
that our nation alone is appropriating about six hundred times as much 
money for war purposes as all the nations together are spending for 
peace through the United Nations endeavor. This ought not to be. 

4. To lower the tax burden imposed on the American citizen. Action 
No. 3 above would make significant reductions possible. 

5. To pass understandable labor and management legislation. La- 
bor now suffers from a lack of democracy within its own ranks as well 
as from inability to bargain sensibly with management. Both a clari- 
fication of present legalities and new regulations are needed. 

6. To pass at once a new uniform marriage-and-divorce law or to 
resubmit the present pending constitutional amendment bill on this 
subject to the states for immediate adoption. 

7. To curtail the manufacture, sale and advertising of alcoholic bev- 
erages, looking forward to making all forms of alcoholism illegal when 
a majority of American communities have outlawed it thrbugh state 
and local option. 

, 8. To appropriate further moneys for the aid of juvenile agencies 
in order that juvenile delinquency may be curbed and the abilities of 
the youth of our land may be saved for constructive purposes. 

9. To enlarge Federal offerings for the equalization of educational 
opportunity within the United States, without at the same time placing 
the schools or the individuals thus aided under either Federal or mili- 
ary control. 

10. To pass a helpful fair employment practice law. 

1 1 . To show to the world a more genuine interest in immediate dis- 
armament than our representatives in the U. N. assembly manifested. 

1 2. To convince the world we genuinely wish to use our knowledge 
of atomic fission for the benefit of mankind, not for its destruction. 

These are reasonable things for us to expect the supreme law-mak- 
ing body of a Christian land to achieve. Let us tell them so. 

D. W. B. 

If ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father 

will also forgive you. 

Harold L. Phillips 

To acquire a spirit of forgiveness begin by thinking of your own sins 



[N the Lord's Prayer, words 
which are as familiar as 
those of any literature, we 
nd this oft-used petition: "For- 
ive us our debts, as we forgive 
ur debtors." The first part of 
le sentence voices a universal 

longing, but with the last part of 
the petition I am by no means 
certain we are in such complete 
accord. "Forgive us our sins"? 
Yes, certainly! All of us want 
that. But "as we forgive those 
who sin against us"? No, that is 

M. Guy West 

Uniontown, Pennsylvania 

hardly the basis on which we 
would ask God to deal with our 
transgressions. But that is what 
we ask every time we pray the 
Lord's Prayer. And, even if we 
do not ask for it, that is the basis 
on which God deals with us be- 
cause we are clearly told, "If ye 
forgive men their trespasses, 
your heavenly Father will also 
forgive you; but if ye forgive not 
men their trespasses, neither 
will your father forgive your 
trespasses." Clearly this text 
says God forgives us on the basis 
of our forgiveness of others. And 
the text has other verification 
throughout the New Testament. 
Here, then, is a truth present- 
ed as clearly an any which ever 
came from the lips of our Lord 
and its implications are far- 
reaching indeed. Most of us, if 
we have accepted it at all, have 
applied this truth only to per- 
sonal relations. It needs to be 
applied there, for "if ye forgive 
not, neither will your heavenly 
Father forgive you." Does that 
mean that God deliberately re- 
fuses to forgive those who will 
not forgive? To me it would be 
more understandable to say that 
when one refuses to forgive he 
shuts himself oflf from the for- 
giveness of God. God is love. 
Jesus, who came to reveal the 
Father, was always merciful, al- 
ways compassionate, always for- 
giving. No sin was bad enough 
to fling its victim beyond the 
mercy of the Master. If that is 
what God is like, obviously when 
we refuse to forgive we are part- 
ing company with his spirit. Bit- 
terness, hatred, revenge and a 
host of kindred evils move into 

JANUARY 18, 1947 5 

About one hundred young people in Northern California met on September 22 for an 
all-day youth rally in the San Francisco Community Church of the Brethren. This church 
had been completed only recently and the young people were delighted with the wel- 
come and the reception which the church gave them. After an inspirational service in 
the morning the group went to the Golden Gate park for a picnic lunch. Mrs. Ernest 
Ikenberry, who was waiting to join her husband in China, spoke at the afternoon ses- 
sion. Special quests during the day were members of the China tractor unit, who like- 
wise were waiting for their ship to take them to China. Their presence and Mrs. Iken- 
berry's presence enriched the meeting. Some of the youth officers present were: 
president. Eva Meyers; vice-president, Vema Bashor; secretary, Frances Greelee; 
treasurer, Marvin Belcher: president of the northern circuit, Dick Youngs; regional rep- 
resentative, Juanita Gnagy; district advisers, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Pobst. 

the unforgiving heart. The 
longer they are allowed to re- 
main, the more they grow, and 
the less room there is for kind- 
ness, compassion, forgiveness. 
How, therefore, can God forgive 
a person unless he will also for- 
give? Here, I assume, is another 
of those basic laws of the uni- 
verse. Like gravitation; you 
either obey it or take the con- 
sequences. And the conse- 
quence of refusing to forgive, in 
the language of the Bible, is 
"neither will your Father for- 
give you." 

But if that truth is drastic 
when applied in personal rela- 
tions, what of its wider implica- 
tions? Dr. Oscar F. Blackwelder 
says since this is a universe the 
basic truths are the same in ev- 
ery realm of life. If this were 
not true we would have a duo- 
verse or a multiverse. But since 
this is a universe where there is 



one central factor around which 
everything revolves, then the 
basic laws are operative in every 
realm of life. Therefore, any 
law which is binding upon per- 
sonal relations must have equal 
validity for nations and races. 
So, "If ye forgive not, neither 
will your heavenly Father for- 
give you." What implications 
does that truth have for our 
larger relationships? 

Here, for instance, is the mat- 
ter of crime. Does this truth 
have any bearing upon our deal- 
ings with those who sin against 
the community or the state? My 
guess is that it has implications 
which are so revolutionary that 
few will even consider them. 
Mr. Waite, professor of law at 
the University of Michigan, says 
that although for 4,000 years we 
have sought satisfaction for 
crime in punishment we have 
neither succeeded in preventing 
crime nor in reforming crimi- 
nals. Is it possible the spirit of 

forgiveness, intelligently ap- j 
plied, might help us with this \ 
difficult problem? 

But what of our international 
offenders? The alternative to 
forgiveness is the same here as 
in personal relations — ^resent- 
ment, ill-will, hatred, revenge, 
retaliation. Does anyone need a 
reminder that the results of such 
attitudes are not good? Genera- 
tion after generation we have 
seen those results developing be- 
fore our eyes, for that is the 
spirit with which we have 
ti:eated national and interna- 
tional offenders. Woodrow Wil- 
son, at the close of the first 
World War, wanted a peace of 
justice and mercy for van- 
quished no less than for victor. 
But the politicians refused his 
dream. It was beautiful ideal- 
ism, but it would not work in 
this kind of a world. So we had 
^he Versailles Treaty — a peace of 
vengeance by which the Ger- 
man people were economically 
crushed. The terms were not 
motivated by forgiveness and 
mercy. Consequently they bred 
hatred and revenge and the peo- 
ple, in economic despair, were 
ready to turn to the first man 
who offered them hope. Thus, 
out of a peace of revenge we 
perpetuated the age-old cycle 
which begins and ends with war. 
We thought we were being prac- 
tical. Some day perhaps we 
shall learn that a violation of 
one of God's laws of the uni- 
verse is never practical. But we 
'have hardly learned that as yet, 
because the nations are gathered 
again about the peace table and 
there is little evidence of a for- 
giving spirit. Forgive our ene- 
mies? Why, it is only recently, 
and after considerable pressure, 
that victor nations would allow 
interested groups to feed the 
starving women and children of 
Germany and Japan. 

Why can we not see the real- 
ism of this way of life? With 
Germany and Japan crushed and 
prostrate at our feet, what a 

chance to try the Master's meth- 
od! All of us know that when a 
man is down and out a little 
kindness will make an indelible 
impression upon him. He will 
never forget his benefactor who 
came to him in the hour of need. 
Well, if this is a universe where 
all truth is one, then with that 
philosophy at work we could 
make friends of our internation- 
al offenders, break the old cycle 
of hatred and retaliation, and of- 
fer coming generations some- 
thing better than the prospect 
of being blown into eternity in 
an atomic war. But that is the 
road of forgiveness, and many 
of us are by no means certain 
that we are ready to try it on 
the Germans and the Japanese. 
But General MacArthur says 
this is our last chanc'e, and the 
atomic scientists are shouting 
the same warning from the 

And so, with apologies to Mr. 
Shakespeare, to forgive or not to 
forgive — this is the question of 
the hour and upon our decision 
hangs the destiny of all human- 
ity. It is not an easy course to 
ivhich the Master here calls us. 
Forgiveness is never easy, not 
jven in personal issues, and cer- 
;ainly not in the complexities of 
nodern international relations. 
;t is only recently that our pa- 
)ers have dropped the slogan, 
'Remember Pearl Harbor," 
vhich was hardly cbnceived to 
)romote a forgiving spirit, and 
hey still carry an occasional 
itrocity story. Several weeks 
igo some agents came to my 
tudy with books and maps 
bout the war. Among others 
here was a large book of colored 
dctures. It portrayed Saipan 
nd Iwo Jima strewn with the 
langled bodies of American 
oys. It pictured D-day in 
lurope, where one of my former 
unday-school boys gave his life 
nth hundreds of others. It de- 
icted the bombing of England, 
le destruction of cathedrals, 
nd frightened children hiding 

I Believe in the Fact of Sin 

Levi E. Ziegler 

Regional Secretary, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 

SIN is here. It is visible and invisible; it is active and non- 
active; it is intellectual, emotional and volitional; it is 
personal and social; it is in people, not in things. 

"Sin is a transgression of the law." It is missing the mark, 
selfishness, putting the human wUl above the divine wUl; it is 
the transgression of the law of love — love of God and love 
of fellow man; it is violating the law of the harvest; it is hin- 
dering the work of the Spirit of the living God. It is wicked 
desire and scheming to realize it. 

Left to run its course, sin is ruinous and ends in death. "The 
wages of sin is death" — spiritual death. Sin separates the 
siimer from God. 

God permits man to choose. When man sins he chooses 
to sin. God does not compel man to sin because Adam is 
his father. Adam provides the tendency, but God still permits 
choice. God deals with the consequences of man's choice. 
He cannot condone sin. God could legally punish the sinner 
but he has decided to offer to man a plan whereby sin may be 
forgiven and the sinner be free from the power, the guilt and 
finally the presence of sin. That plan is in Jesus the Savior 
and in the cross. 

Man has the power, in spite of his condition in sin, to respond 
to the work of God's love and grace toward him in Jesus Christ 
Thank God that this is so! 

When the time comes that the sinner realizes that "where 
sin did abound, there grace did much more abound," he does 
not conjecture and analyze but he believes and appropriates 
the grace. Grace is God's favor to the unworthy. 

I believe in the fact of sin because I have had experience in 
being tempted and in siiming, but also in having offered to 
me personally the sin remedy, the sinner's Savior, the Lord 
Jesus Christ — "the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of 
the world." 

away in their underground shel- 
ters like so many rats scared to 
their dens. Page after page of 
graphic, colored pictures all por- 
trayed the destruction of our 
enemies. Personally I would 
not have had the book in my 
home, but I'll venture that mul- 
titudes across this country have 
bought it and upon its pages they 
will feed the spirit of hatred and 
revenge. Easy to forgive? Cer- 
tainly not, but it is imperative. 

But how does one attain that 
spirit? Here I am assuming that 
some of us, realizing the wisdom 
of the Master, are nevertheless 
having some difficulty in meas- 
uring up to his exacting de- 
mands. How does one achieve 
the frame of heart and mind 

necessary to forgive? Let me 
pass on to you this suggestion 
which, while not original, has 
proved quite helpful to me. Be- 
gin hy thinking about your own 
sins. If some one has sinned 
against you and you find that 
revenge is crowding compassion 
from your heart, meditate for a 
few minutes upon some of the 
offenses for which you want the 
forgiveness of God. A few mo- 
ments of that practice would 
convince most of us that we are 
exactly like the man who, hav- 
ing been forgiven 10,000 talents, 
was refusing to forgive one who 
owed him 100 pence. And if 
that works on a personal basis, 
why not in larger relationships? 

JANUARY 18, 1947 7 

■^ ■-, 




Council of Men's Work 

Following four days at Conference the Council of Men's Work spent half a day at Lake 
Chelan, Washington. In the few hours of relaxation they developed a fine fellowship. 
Pictured above are: front row — H. V. Stutsman. R. E. Mohler. Cecil Smith, A. G. Breiden- 
stine, Ray E. Blickenstaff, Chester George: back row — Joe Shelly, La Verne Martin, 
Stonley Keim. H. B. Garber, Earl Longenecker, Harold Fasnacht. 

If it is hard for you to forgive 
the Japanese for Pearl Harbor, 
think for a moment about Hiro- 
shima and Nagasaki. If you find 
it impossible to forgive the Ger- 
mans for some of their atrocities, 
turn your thoughts to Dresden, 
where 200,000' civilians died in 
two nights as a result of Allied 
bombs. If you cannot forget the 
starvation diet of some of their 
concentration camps, ponder the 
thousands of women and chil- 
dren who have died of starvation 
and exposure in our occupied 
areas since the war while our 
government refused private 
agencies the chance to send re- 
lief. You see it is conceivable 
that even in our beloved land 
we have a few international sins 
for which we should desire for- 
giveness, and I know of nothing 
more conducive to that spirit 
than pober reflection. 

The American people ought to 
know the story of Jacob Deshaz- 
er which has had some publicity, 
but not too much. One of Jim- 
mie Doolittle's raiders, Deshazer 
was shot down and spent a total 
of forty-one months in a Japa- 
nese prison camp. Nothing could 


have been more natural than 
that those months should have 
been spent harboring hatred and 
living for the day of revenge. 
But, believe it or not, Jacob De- 
shazer is now preparing to re- 
turn to Japan as a Christian 
missionary. The change from 
hatred to forgiveness came, he 
says, while reading his New 
Testament in prison. Over and 
over, in one way or another, he 
found it saying: "Love your ene- 
mies, do good to them that hate 
you and pray for them that de- 
spitefuUy use you." To my mind 
the war produced no greater 
hero than Jacob Deshazer, and I 
doubt if one could display a more 
realistic patriotism than that 
which prompts him to carry the 
message of forgiveness to a 
former enemy nation. Jacob 
Deshazer learned to forgive. So 
must we, at all cost, if we would 
march in step with him who, 
even while dying upon the cross, 
had no room in his heart for re- 
venge. To forgive or not to for- 
give — this is the question of the 
hour both for men and for na- 
tions. For "if ye forgive not" — 
the consequences are both clear 
and severe — "neither will your 
heavenly Father forgive you." 

Ella Mae Peters 

Goshen, Virginia 

When we hear our minister 
say that his theme is steward- 
ship, we first think, "He's just 
trying to get more money." But 
stewardship should mean much 
more to us than that. 

We are placed in this world as 
stewards of our Lord. We must 
give ourselves first or our mon- 
ey does not count. After we 
have given ourselves to our 
Lord, then we should consider 

We have the story told in 
Luke 21: 1-4 of the poor widow 
who gave two coins. About her, 
Jesus said: "I tell you plainly, 
this poor widow has put in 
more than they all; for these 
people all contributed out of 
their surplus, but she has given 
out of her neediness all her liv- 

Our first question is, "Why 
should we give?" Does not Matt. 
6: 19-21 tell us to "store up 
treasures for yourselves in heav- 
en, where neither moth nor rust 
corrode, where thieves do not 
break in and steal"? We can- 
not take our earthly treasures to 
heaven. Luke 12: 48 tells how 
a rich man died suddenly and 
left all his wealth in grain. 

The next question is, "What 
shall we give?" Ex. 23: 19 says: 
"You must bring the very first 
and finest of what the land bears, 
into the house of the Eternal 
your God." Ex. 20: 3 plainly 
tells that God should have first 
place in our lives. 

The third and last question is, 
"How shall we give?" Mai. 3: 10 
tells us we shall receive ample 
reward if we pay into the treas- 
ury. 1 Cor. 16: 2 says: "On the 
first day of the week let each 
of you put aside a sum from his 
weekly gains, so that the money 
may not have to be collected 
when I come." How much will 
we owe our Lord when he 

Fnless we undergird our 

errice program with spiritual 

lower the quality oi our 

service is imperiled 


Strengthening the Faith-roots 


A. Wayne Carr 

Pastor at English River, Iowa 

CHRISTIAN people suffer 
many things. One disaster 
common to the finest of 
jod's people is the depletion of 
heir spiritual resources. It 
lardly needs to be said that such 
iepletion, if allowed to continue 
mchecked, results in major 
xagedy to the best Christian or 
;he most zealous church. 
It would seem that if we would 
ust keep intensely busy for 
Ilhrist our spiritual power would 
ilways be assured, that it would 
;ven enlarge. But strangely 
mough, the harder we work the 
Tiore likely we are to suffer this 
OSS. When the laboring man 
continues to pour out his 
strength without returning to 
lis home for rest and food, both 
;he quantity and quality of his 
ivork are soon affected. After 
strenuous conflict with evil, even 

Christ seemed to feel the need 
of withdrawing into quietness, 
where through worship and 
prayer his power to teach, heal, 
feed, love, and forgive was re- 
stored. So important to him was 
this that some of the last words 
he spoke to his disciples em- 
braced this emphasis: "Except 
ye abide in me, ye can do noth- 

As a church, the entire broth- 
erhood has been busy. These 
have been days of triumphant 
victory as we have girded the 
towel of service about our waist 
and humbly knelt to minister to 
the cold, hungry, lonely, despair- 
ing mothers and children and 
men of all nations. We have 
seen our service program mount 
to heights and extend into fields 
we once thought it impossible to 
reach. But right here lies a dual 

peril directly in our path. The 
very glamour associated with 
this type of Christian work tends 
to obscure and even unwitting- 
ly relegate to a position of insig- 
nificance the quieter, less dra- 
matic business of building a deep 
faith-fellowship with Christ. It 
is always more fun to set fine 
food before our friends than it 
is to plow, till and toil over a 
cloddy field to produce that food. 
The alternative to this evil is to 
face fairly the fact that unless 
we fashion strong our faith in 
Christ, our cup of cold water 
may sometimes be given without 
his name attached. Then the 
quality as well as the quantity 
of our service will be imperiled. 
The second peril at this point is 
that in the process of meeting 

JANUARY 18, 1947 9 


the physical needs of a dis- 
traught humanity, we shall 
lose our sense of balance and 
our religion shall become 
an external, himaanitarian 
enterprise rather than a res- 
toration of those lost in sin 
and the cultivation of the 
fruits of the Spirit, through 
preaching, teaching, confes- 
sion, prayer, and worship. 
We must always remember 
that Jesus came from heav- 
en with salvation for those 
who were lost. 

But does not the hand of 
God beckon us to Bethel for 
other reasons than to add 
strength and meaning to our 
service program? It does. Like 
the pitiful, possessed lad who 
was brought to the disciples 
while Christ was on the Mount, 
sick humanity is possessed by 
two demons. And as in the case 
of the lad, who was sorely vexed, 
only a faith vitalized by prayer 
and fasting will avail to cast out 
the demons. 

The first of these demons we 
need only mention as we have 
been made painfully aware of 
his presence for the past several 
years. He is the spirit of moral 
lawlessness. He has been pro- 
ducing character breakdowns, 
principally among youth, at an 
increasing rate each year. Even 
the children of the once-isolated 
rural family have not escaped. 
In fact, these very homes to 
which we once looked as the 
stabilizing centers of our culture 
have produced twice their share 
of these delinquents. Such was 
a recent finding of the women of 
the Farm Bureau. 

But together with the moral 
rot that seems to be disintegrat- 
ing the fabric of the social rela- 
tions of youth, we have become 
aware of another pain, which it 
is to be hoped will serve to re- 
mind us sharply of the magni- 
tude, the ceaselessness, and the 
primacy of the mental and moral 
ministry to which God has called 

It Grows Within the Human 

Miriam Bowmcm 

Roanoke, Virginia 

That peace one finds here, there, or 

Is like a flower, grown with constant 


Nurtured at the altar of one's faith; 
Sprinkled with enduring love and 

quiet thoughts; 
Sunned forever by the grace of God, 

That flower grows within the human 

Divine in beauty; unexcelled in art. 



the church. This pain I refer to 
is the steady rise of mental ill- 
nesses since the turn of the cen- 
tury. Such mental and nervous 
maladies have increased twelve 
times over in that time. Using 
Mr. Walter B. Pitkin's writing in 
Pageant as our source, we note 
that before the war one Ameri- 
can in thirteen or fourteen had 
either a sick mind or a defective 
one. Now it is one in ten. Doc- 
tors estimate that one American 
in twenty now alive will spend 
some time in a mental hospital 
before he dies.. That means 
seven million Americans in 
mental hospitals— or headed 
there! There are today more 
sick and defective minds than 
there were soldiers killed in all 
our wars from the Revolution 
through World War 11. More 
than half the beds in all hospitals 
are occupied by sick minds. Par- 
ticularly, again, is this rise no- 
ticeable among youth; 187 out of 
every 1,000 young men examined 
for military service were reject- 
ed because of mental unfitness. 
Youth are the ones who are 
cracking up under the tensions 
of modern life. I am not sug- 
gesting that all these who suffer 
thus could be brought to normal- 
cy if touched with the gospel of 
Christ, for undoubtedly many 
cases are organic in nature 
rather than functional. But does 

not the Christian message 
contain hope, and practically 
the only hope, for that large 
group of men and women 
who are sick because they 
have broken down from 
pointless living, fear, worry, 
unforgiven sin, frustration, 
and tense living? Jesus in- 
vited such miserable, fear- 
ful, weary folks to come to 
him for rest. And the writer 
of Hebrews devoted a whole 
segment of his letter to the 
nature and desirability of 
this same "rest" and con- 
cluded by earnestly enjoin- 
ing his friends to be "eager 
to enter that rest" (Heb. 
4:11, Moffatt). 

In meeting the immense moral 
need confronting us it will be 
found that recreational facilities 
and youth centers are merely 
touching the surface. More than 
that, it is to be feared that they 
are dealing with the symptoms 
instead of the real inner illness.. 
So with this other great area of 
human welfare. Psychiatrists 
and mental institutions can do 
but little to prevent these ab- 
normal reactions to our over- 
complicated living. The real 
prevention lies in the gospel of 
Christ which brings peace, truth 
and love to tlie one who is inte- 
grated with Christ, so that gen- 
uine poise attends the soul. A 
church and a minister serve the 
people most truly when their 
services are a quiet haven of 
rest where the individual can 
"steal away to Jesus" for a pe- 
riod of relaxation and spiritual! 

Never were the demands upon 
the people of Christ greater. 
There is only one road to 
achievement. The ministers 
must enrich the worship serv- 
ices of their respective assem- 
blies. We must one and all find 
our places regularly in the house 
of God and there occupy our 
hearts with the things of Christ 
so that our faith shall mount and 
burst into a continuous living 

iUii H ji^AK^ent. . . 


There Is a Better Way! 

"I want to protest against this tolk oi unWersal military conscrip- 
tion in America. . . . America should outlaw universal military 
conscription and recommend that all nations do likewise. . . . 
should work toward totol disarmament oi all nations by co-operat- 
ing with the new international organizotion and police force, and 
by promoting international justice." 

(Prom a 2nd Lieutenant in New York Times) 

fDii fiiiiijfrii]]]^ 

America is facing the prospect 
)f an immediate peacetime con- 
jcription law. The army is wag- 
ng an aggressive campaign to 
jffect such a law during the first 
:ew weeks of the life of the new 
longress, which convenes Jan- 
lary 3. President Truman has 
ust announced the appointment 
)f a commission to plan for uni- 
versal military training. This 
;ommission, composed of power- 
ill civic and educational leaders, 
las had its first meeting and is 
ilready actively at work. Other 
Kjwerful pressure groups in 
America are putting their full 
veight behind conscription. 

Three groups prevented the 
>assage of peacetime conscrip- 
ion two years ago — labor, edu- 
lation and religion (the three 
[roups who see most clearly the 
ivils of conscription) . Evidence 
s clear that the army, and other 
irganizations favoring military 

W. Harold Row 

Assistant Executive Secretary 
Bretliren Service Committee 

conscription, are out to sell these 
three groups on the necessity for 
conscription. If two of these 
three groups succumb, conscrip- 
tion is almost certain to pass 
congress. If one of these groups 
"gives in," conscription is likely. 
But if these three groups — labor, 
education, religion — stand solid- 
ly against conscription and con- 
sistently make their views heard 
by congress and the general pub- 
lic, our country will be saved 
from peacetime conscription and 
its attendant evils. 

The Annual Conference, the 
Council of Boards, and the Elgin 
Joint Staff have each asked the 
Brethren Service Committee to 
lead out in a vigorous campaign 
to prevent peacetime conscrip- 
tion. Our colleges, our regional 

One of the striking features of 
Midwest agriculture in recent 
'ears has been the enormous 
larvest of corn each fall. The 
lelds have been the greatest of 
ill time. Favorable soil and 
ireather conditions have played 
heir part, but much credit must 
le given to the development of 
he hybrid seed corn. Within 
his seed com has been bred the 
bility to send down into the 
[round a strong deep root sys- 
em which absorbs food and 

moisture for the new plant and 
enables it to stand straight and 
tall amid storms, even when 
laden with a heavy ear of corn. 
By giving attention to the "root- 
age," the "fruitage" was assured. 
If the church expects to con- 
tinue on with a Spirit-filled serv- 
ice program and meet the even 
greater tasks in the mental, 
moral and spiritual areas of hu- 
man need, then now is the time 
to give attention to her faith- 

and district representatives, and 
the editors of our church publi- 
. cations have offered their full fa- 
cilities to implement this cam- 
paign. Our staff is meeting al- 
most daily to outline plans for 
action and to keep our people in- 
formed. The B. S. C. plans to 
co-operate actively with all ex- 
isting agencies working to pre- 
vent conscription; to have full- 
time representation in Washing- 
ton to make our position known 
to government and congress, to 
keep our office and our people 
currently informed on happen- 
ings in Washington, and to help 
organize and facilitate Brethren 
delegations going to Washington 
to visit their senators and repre- 
sentatives; to rally the whole 
brotherhood to immediate and 
positive action against conscrip- 
tion — ^by visiting and writing 
congressmen, encouraging oth- 
ers to do likewise, and taking 
other steps recommended from 
time to time as the campaign de- 

Brethren have given hundreds 
of thousands of dollars to finance 
and administer an alternative 
service program, made necessary 
by conscription. Brethren have 
contributed millions of dollars 
for the relief of the sufferings of 
victims of a war which was made 
possible by conscription. Breth- 
ren have had a deep concern 
about the destructive education- 

JANUARY 18. 1947 


A Good Recreation Creed 

THi foHowing recfedtibn creed is full of helpful suggestions upon 
the subject of amusements. If this is adopted by all young people 
there will be no fear about their wandering away into forbidden 

' First — I will never patronize an entertainment that brutalizes a man 
or shames a womaii. 

Second— I Will always do some part of my playing in the open air. 

THird — I will not be merely a lazy spectator in sport; I will taste 
for myself its zest and thrill. 

Fourth — I will avoid overamusement as I pray that I may be saved 
from overwork. 

Fifth — I will choose the amusements that my wife can share. 

Sixth— I will not spend Sunday in coring for my bodily pleasures 
so much that I forget my soul and its relation to God's kingdom. 

Seventh — I will never spend on pleasure money that belongs to 
other aspects of my life. 

Eighth — I will remember to enjoy a boy's sports again when my 
boy needs me as a chum. 

Ninth — I will recollect that play should be for the sake of my mind 
as well as for my body; hence I shall not shun those forms of entertain- 
ment that deal with ideas. 

Tenth — I will never let play serve as the end of existence, but al- 
ways it shall be used to make me a better workman and a richer 
soul. — ^Christian Observer, 

ing you were no good, that you 
have nothing to do but sit day 
after day." 

"Yes," faltered grandma, "but 
I didn't mean to complain." 

"I know. You are not one to 
complain. I know the bitter 
days of winter when David had 
to be away in meetings. You 
did the chores, took care of the 
children and helped keep the 
church work going. I know the 
tears that were bravely with- 
held until the train pulled out 
leaving you alone for three long 
weeks. I know too the long 
nights of watching beside a 
neighbor's sickbed when there 
was no other to care. It was 
your kindly ministration that 
helped to comfort those who 
sorrowed beside an open grave." 

Grandma tried to say some- 
thing about her doing her duty 
but her lips would not frame the 

The Voice went on, "There 
was a day too when funds were 
scarce with you and David but 
the call of a needy world im- 
pelled you to sacriiice things you 
really needed for the sake of 



carrying the gospel to 'the least 
of these.' " 

"Yes, I remember how thin my 
old coat was and how shiny Da- 
vid's pulpit suit got to be, but 
we said the Lord knew and un- 
derstood and that was all that 
mattered," explained grandma. 

The Voice continued, "See the 
pew adjoining yours? There is 
where Tom and Allie sit with 
their little family. That little 
bench would be empty on the 
Sabbath had it not been for your 
kindly, urgent pleading that they 
forgive each other and start over 
again. I know the day they 
were about to separate. They 
listened to your advice and that 
fall you kept the minister during 
revival meeting and Tom and 
Allie came into the fold along 
with a neighboring couple of 

Grandma nodded and wiped a 
furtive tear. How plain it all 
seemed now. She remembered 
the long table in the dining room 
that day, for she and David had 
invited all the applicants home 
for dinner after baptism. They 
sang Praise God From Whom 
All Blessings Flow for grace. 

"One of that number took a 

class of girls to teach but you 
held her steady when discour- 
agement came. You helped her 
over the hard places in the les- 
sons when you gave of your 
precious time in the study of 
God's Word. You say it was 
nothing? Perhaps you will say 
the same when you see what I 
am about to show you in the 
next room. 

"See the children coming. Can 
you count them? One, two, 
three . . . five . . . ten ... a 
dozen . . . twenty . . '. thirty. 
No, you cannot count them all." 

"But who are these?" queried 
Grandma Barton wonderingly. 

And the Voice answered, 
"These are the little ones to 
whom you opened the Word of 
God. You turned their faces 
heavenward. You set their lit- 
tle feet climbing altar stairs 
toward God through song and 
prayer. You helped their moth- 
ers fashion the little coat of 
Christian character as did Han- 
nah of old with Samuel. 

"So, my child, you should not 
say you are no good and that you 
are not busy. You faithfully 
sowed the seed and your work 
is being carried on in the lives 
of all these you have helped 
through the years. Do you see? 
You are young again as they are 
young; you are strong as they 
are strong." 

The Voice seemed to fade 
away into the silence again. 
Grandma stirred as a light tap 
sounded on the door. Why, she 
was not in the church at all. 
Here was her own room with the 
stand and David's Bible on it. 
And there was Mary coming in 
the door to call her to the eve- 
ning meal. 

"Why, mother, there are tears 
in your eyes," exclaimed Mary. 
"Do you feel well?" She slipped 
a handkerchief from a rosewood 

"Tears?" whispered grandma, 
"Well, maybe so, but they are 
tears of joy. Mary, I'm good 


for something. I'm young again, 
young as I used to be." 

"Young again! Why, of course, 
you are eighty-five in August. 
Remember?" Mary helped 
grandma toward the door. 

"But, Mary, my work goes on 
in those I have helped through 
the years. I am young as they 
are young. I am strong as they 
are strong. And even though my 
feet are worn and my voice so 
weak I can scarcely talk at times, 
I am working through them. I 
can pray, Mary, I can pray!" 

Out in the dining room grand- 
ma took her accustomed place 
•at the table. And like Moses of 
old, whose face shone and he 
knew it not, she was unaware 
of a certain radiance which 
seemed to touch her face with 
glory. As she looked upon the 
family she wanted to tell them 
of the Shining Presence and 
how the Voice had renewed faith 
in her fainting heart. 

But, no, they would not under- 
stand all that it had meant to 
her. They could not know how 
that Presence had spurred her 
lagging footsteps as she slowly 
climbed toward the sunset glow 
of her life. Instead, she gave 
her favorite verse for evening 
family worship. And her voice 
was vibrant with joy. "But they 
that wait upon the Lord shall 
renew their strength; they shall 
mount up with wings as eagles; 
they shall run, and not be weary; 
and they shall walk, and not 
faint" (Isaiah 40: 31). 

Bedtime of the Stars 
Byron Talhelxn 

Erie, Kansas 

Not so long ago in a little town on 
the Kansas prairie, a man was slow- 
ly pacing the depot platform waiting 
for the day to dawn. It was a peace- 
ful, dreamy night late in June. The 
moon was settling down close to the 
western horizon. All was quiet ex- 
cept for the faint rumbling of the 
distant train which had but recent- 
ly discharged this lone passenger. 

All the village was asleep. Only 
the stars in the cloudless sky were 
awake. But one by one each little 

Jesus and Race 

"Dago" and "Sheeney" and "Chink," 
"Nigger" and "Greaser" and "Jap," 
From none of them doth Jehovah shrink, 
But he taketh them all in his lap; 
And the Christ, in his kingly grace, 
When their low, sad sob he hears, 
Puts his tender embrace around each race, 
And he kisses away their tears, 
Saying, "O least of these, I link 
Thee to me for whatever may hap — 
Dago and Sheeney and Chink, 
Nigger and Greaser and Japl" 

— Bishop Mclntyre. 
Monday, January 20 
The Living Water. John 4: 5-15. 

It does not matter what kind of a 
cup is brought for the living water; 
it may be an Indian cup or a Sa- 
maritan, a Chinese or an African 
cup; the water of life is given as 
freely to one as to another. Jesus 
broke all barriers of race and sex 
when he gave so freely to this wom- 
an. Dare we follow? 

Tuesday, January 21 
Worship Not Racial but Spiritual. 

John 4:16-26. 

Perhaps the greatest argument 
the Roman Catholic Church has for 
the use of Latin in worship is that it 
is universally used in their churches. 
What is there in our churches 
that is so wholly Christian that it 
would in no sense separate Chris- 
tians from many lands? Would 
Japanese, Indians, and Negroes be 
at home in ours? 

Wednesday, January 22 
Samaritan Faith. John 4: 27-42. 

The real reason for the lack of in- 
terest in missions among some peo- 
ple is not that they think other 
peoples have an adequate religion 
so much as it is a hidden feeling that 
nobody else is quite so capable of 
Christian faith and action as we are. 
Samaritans and people of every 

star disappeared as dawn came. 

The passenger on the platform 
looked about him in the growing 
light. Then he exclaimed, "Good 
night, angels of the sky! Your light 
has strengthened me; now I must 
hurry to my task of helping to plant 
the light of peace in the hearts of 
men so that the darkness which 
lurks there may be dispelled." « 

d Today 

Edward Erusen Ziegler 

land are bringing great gifts into the 
church today. 

Thursday, January 23 
Jesus Spumed by Samaritans. Luke 

9: 51-56. 

Not all race prejudice is on one 
side. Negroes often have a great 
deal of it. Before we condemn them 
for it, let us examine our own atti- 
tudes toward them, and the reasons 
they may have had for being preju- 
diced. Has the white race done 
things that made prejudice on their 
part inevitable and bitter? Have I? 

Friday, January 24 

The Good Samaritan. Luke 10: 


A young lady, a Christian worker 
returning from a late engagement, 
ran out of gas on a lonely highway. 
A big car slowed down and stopped. 
Four tall Negro men got out and 
came to her. She trembled in fear, 
but they towed her to a filling sta- 
tion, saw that she had gas and then 
traUed her until they saw she was 
safe at home. Then they told her: 
"We are on Christian work, too!" 
Can you top this? 

Saturday, January 25 

The Grateful Samaritan. Luke 17: 


We American Christians can 
learn many lessons of fine courtesy 
from Christians of other races and 
lands. We have received very much 
complacently. For great and heart- 
felt gratitude, note the welcome giv- 
en the gospel by people of Africa 
and Indonesia. Let our heads be 
bowed in penitence and thanksgiv- 

Sunday, January 26 
Jehovah's Servant Addresses the 

Nations. Isa. 49: 8-13. 

"I will make all my mountains 
a way!" The high ranges have been 
the passes by which the missionaries 
of the gospel have crossed into new 
lands; no barrier of mountain or 
sea or of national frontier shall 
have power to shut out the light of 
God, or to prevent the building of 
the great brotherhood of the church. 

JANUARY 18, 1947 15 

. • KlnxfdtUK Qlec4U4iXf4. • • » 

Brotherhood Theme for 1946-47 

Christ, the Hope of the World 
Calendar for Sunday. January 19 

Lesson material is based on International Sunday School Les- 
sons The International Bible Lessons for Christian Teaching, 
copyrighted by the International Council of Religious Education, 
and is used by its permission. 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Interviewed by Nicode- 
mus— John 3. Memory Selection, Except a man be 
bom again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. John 

B.Y.P.D. Topic for January, Here Is India. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptized in the Camp Creek church. 111. 

Two baptized in the West Manchester church, Ind. 

Thirteen baptized in the Prices Creek church, Ohio. 

Seven baptized and two awaiting the rite in the New- 
ville church. Pa. 

Seventeen baptized and one reconsecrated in the Beav- 
erton church, Mich. 

Sixteen baptized and two received by letter in the 
Adrian church, Mich. 

Eleven baptized and seven received by letter in the 
Barren Ridge church, Va. 

Seven baptized and two awaiting the rite in the 
Independence church, Kansas. 

Personal Mention 

Bro. Harry K. Zeller, Sr.. of Hagerstown, Md., went 
through the Publishing House while visiting his son, 
Harry, Jr., pastor of the Elgin church. 

Bro. Edward Stump is now pastor of the Osceola 
church, Ind. His address, therefore, is changed from 
South Bend, Ind., to R. 3, Elkhart, Ind. 

Mrs. Eugene Hoffman and Mrs. Sam Hoffman, both of 
CoUegeville, Pa., were recent visitors through the Pub- 
lishing House. They were especially interested in Car- 
rie Hofeman, who works here. She is the daughter of 
Mrs. Eugene Hoffman. 

Elder I. N. H. Beahm of Nokesville, Va., would like 
to secure a few copies of each of the following Brethren 
books now out of print: Two Centuries of the Church 
of the Brethren, The Olive Branch by Sanger and Hays, 
The Gospel Hammer by Bashor, The Lord Our Right- 
eousness by McCann, and New Testament Doctrines by 

Bro. Leonard Lowe, pastor of the church at Hutchin- 
son, Kansas, was chosen by the Junior Chamber of 
Commerce of that city for honorable mention because 
of his city-wide activities. Among other things the 
Hutchinson paper says: "Mr. Lowe aided a drive for 
clothing for European war sufferers and was in charge 
of the collection depot where he worked long hours. 
He also was the key figure in the heifers for relief com- 
mittee and also one of the founders of the Christian Re- 
lief Society here." 

Bro. Erneist Ikenberry cabled from China that the 
party of eleven who left the States Dec. 15 arrived in 
China on Dec. 31. In the group were Dr. and Mrs. 
Daryl M. Parker and their two sons, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Wampler and her two sons, Bessie Crim, John Detrick, 
Hazel Rothrock and O. C. Sollenberger. They expect 
to be located in Peiping, c/o College of Chinese Studies, 
by the middle of January. From there they will go 
interior to the mission stations in Shansi Province as 
transportation is available. 

Brother and Sister I. S. Long are changing their ad- 
dress from Baltimore, Md., to 9 Violet Ave., Sebring, 
Fla., for the winter months. All those who know them 
will wish for them a pleasant winter in Florida. 

Bro. H. Spenser Minnich writes from Orlando, Fla., 
that official hotel and Conference facilities seem to him 
to be very good. Many people will be looking forward to 
this journey to Annual Meeting in Florida next June. 

Brother and Sister Ross D. Murphy are changing 
their address temporarily from Shippensburg, Pa., to 
3610 Mohawk Ave., Baltimore 7, Md. They are taking 
pastoral charge of the First church during the winter 
while Brother and Sister I. S. Long take a needed vaca- 
tion in Florida. 

Bro. Rufus D. Bowman, president of Bethany Biblical 
Seminary, announces that the seminary will be recessed 
from Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday. Some of 
the seminary students will be available, therefore, to 
hold pre-Easter services in the churches. Interested 
churches may write to the seminary about it. In pre- 
vious years numerous pre-Easter meetings were held 
by seminary ministers. 

Wayne B. Hostetler, son of Brother and Sister Harvey 
R. Hostetler of Wichita, Kansas, was killed instantly in 
a highway .accident near Joliet, 111.,* on Dec. 28. He was 
accompanied by his wife, Jean, and his brother, Donald. 
These two escaped serious injury. They were returning 
to Michigan from a Christmas visit with their parents 
in Wichita. Wayne was employed by the Cadillac Mo- 
tor Co. in Detroit and Donald, who is a student at the 
University of Michigan, was returning to school. The 
funeral was held in the First church in Detroit on 
Jan. 2, and interment was made in Detroit. 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm of Virginia sends the following 
note relative to peacetime conscription. "I am an ap- 
preciative friend of Uncle Sam. I want someone to aid 
me to understand the logic or the common sense or 
the philosophy on the war issue. Uncle Sam seems to 
be planning to do away with war. Uncle Sam seems 
also to be planning to keep on in war by the idea of uni- 
versal military training. What I really wish to know is, 
how can Uncle Sam quit the war business and at the 
same time keep on planning for war? In other words, 
how can preparedness for war guarantee no war? I 
hereby thank someone in advance for the true answer." 

Miscellaneous Items 
The giving of the brotherhood for December 1945 was 
$45,000 for the Conference budget and $138,000 for the 
Brethren service budget. One year later, or in Decem- 
ber 1946, the giving for the Conference budget was 
$49,000 and the giving for the Brethren service budget 
was $47,000. This was a decrease of $91,000 in giving 
for the Brethren service budget. It was a total decrease 
in giving of $87,000 for the month of December. In 



Do This: 

Representatives of three districts met at Winona Lake, 
Indiana, on January 6 and agreed to see that at least 
one earful of people from each district visited con- 
gressmen in Washington, D.C., on the conscription is- 
sue. Plan in your districts to send delegations of lay 
people and church officers to Washington to visit con- 
gressmen and explain to them our concern about univer- 
sal military training bills. For arrangements, contact 
A. Stauffer Curry, 337 North Carolina Ave., S.E., Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

the face of the great challenge. to the Christian church 
throughout the world in the fields of evangelism and 
church expansion and in the field of Christian service it 
is difficult to believe that the Church of the Brethren 
wanted to give $87,000 less in December 1946 than it 
gave in December 1945. Brethren, let us think about 
this seriously. 

A second prinling of Puerto Rico: Unsolved Problem, 
by Earl S. Garver and Ernest B. Fincher, has just come 
through the bindery at the Brethren Publishing House. 
This is the book that has been widely appreciated by 
Puerto Ricans, and about which someone remarked that 
it should be in the hands of every United States con- 
gressman. A dollar will bring you a copy. 

Numerous church representalives at Washington are 
seeking to influence Congress to pass laws within the 
next few months in the following areas: (1) to outlaw 
national discrimination, (2) to enact minimum wage 
laws, (3) to oppose gambling and vice conditions, (4) to 
cope with juvenile delinquency, (5) to make marriage 
laws stronger and more uniform. 

The president's advisory committee on military con- 
scription is believed by some to have been hand-picked 
to bring in a favorable report. Dr. Dan Poling, the 
minister on the committee, stands for conscription in 
direct opposition to the great body of ministers and 
churchmen in America. One of the educators selected 
on the committee does not represent the point of view 
of education which consistently has been against con- 

The national heifer -project committee announces that 
the heifer project will continue for at least two more 
years. They wish it to be known that they are eager to 
receive heifers from three months old up to maturity. 
They think that 4-H clubs, FFA clubs and young people's 
groups would like to start in with very small calves and 
raise them for a while before shipping them abroad. 
They announce that six million dairy cows were de- 
stroyed in Europe during the war. 

Among temperance plays, one of the most interesting 
and effective is What Shall It Profit? by Ira H. Frantz. 
The author's analysis of motives and his suggestions 
as to means are as pertinent today as when first made. 
If you have a concern about the current situation, and if 
you feel that something should be done to stir the public 
to constructive action, why not give this play in your 
church? The fifth printing makes copies available again 
at 30c each, or eight copies for $2.00. You can do some- 
thing for temperance. 

Willow Brook Farm, a book of poems by Mrs. May 
Allread Baker, has just come from the press. Mrs. 
Baker's poems have appeared in a number of the farm 
papers of the country, as well as in various religious 
publications. Readers will find the author dealing with 
the everyday life in a lively but wholesome and even 
inspiring way. The book is attractively printed. The 
illustrations are by Zeta O. Rodgers. Willow Brook 
Farm may be had through the Brethren Publishing 
House at $1.50 per copy. 

Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas plans to introduce 
a bill into the 80th Congress to ban alcoholic adver- 
tising from newspapers and magazines and over the 
radio. He will sponsor a bill which will deny the use 
of the mails to publications which contain alcoholic ad- 
vertising. It is expected that temperance, church and 
welfare organizations, with a membership of more than 
twenty million, will support the Capper bill. There are 
already four thousand publications which refuse alco- 
holic advertising. Among these are the Saturday Eve- 
ning Post, the Ladies Home Journal, the Country Gen- 
tleman, Look, and many weekly and daily newspapers. 


Dale: February IG, 1947 

Purpose: To complete our giving to Conference and 

Brethren service budgets for the iiscal year. 
Send contributions to General Boards, 22 South State 

Street, Elgin, Illinois. 

The Presbyterian Synod of New Jersey has asked 
Governor Edge to call for a bill in the state to close all 
saloons on Sunday. 

The Methodist church in New Mexico has asked the 
legislature of New Mexico to repeal all laws which 
permit gambling within the state. 

Girls are wanted for general office work at the Breth- 
ren Publishing House. Knowledge of typing is desir- 
able. Write E. M. Hersch, Manager, Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

The church at Bassett, Va., is celebrating on Feb. 2 
a dedication service for an extensive remodeling. Among 
the things which have been added are a new steeple, 
a baptistry, stained glass windows, new floors, a kitchen, 
a new lighting system. Bro. Rufus D. Bowman, mod- 
erator for 1947, will be the dedicatory speaker. 

The West Manchester church of Indiana plans an all- 
day missionary service on Saturday, Jan. 18. The mem- 
bers of surrounding churches are cordially invited; the 
meeting was set for Saturday so that they could come. 
Brother and Sister Paul Weaver will be the speakers 
for the day. A potluck dinner will be served at noon. 
Sessions are at 10:30, 1:30 and 7:15. 

The Evangelical Church in Germany appealed to 
Christians everywhere to join in efforts for the speedy 
release of German prisoners of war. They said, "We 
implore Christians throughout the world and all who 
have an understanding of genuine humanity, a regard 
for decent family life and a new sense of ecumenicity 
between peoples to assist in ending the suffering of their 
war prisoners and their families." The statement added 
that five million Germans are still to be freed. 

About Conscription: A letter was mailed out to the 
brotherhood about the first of January by Edson Sower 
of Ashland, Ohio, which carried the names of some 
Brethren at Elgin and elsewhere who felt pressed by 
their consciences to return their draft cards to the 
President if it seemed that peacetime military conscrip- 
tion was to be thrust indiscriminately through Congress. 
Seemingly, many of the Brethren are very eager to 
make their opposition to peacetime conscription known, 
for to this mailing there has been a rather heavy re- 
sponse. Unfortunately, however, there seems to have 
been some misunderstanding concerning the sponsor- 
ship of the mailing. Some seem to have understood 
that it was sponsored by the Gospel Messenger. Rather 
it is the feeling of the Gospel Messenger that any such 
action should result only from the prayerful and con- 
sidered judgment of each individual involved. The 
recommendation of the Gospel Messenger is that at the 
present time individuals and groups write their con- 
gressmen concerning their feeling about military con- 
scription, that they continue to watch carefully the 
progress of the compulsory military bill in Congress 
and that, if possible, individuals and groups should ar- 
range to go to Washington to confer with their con- 
gressmen personally. 

Further correspondence about the mailing referred 
to above should be taken up directly with Edson Sower 
at Ashland, Ohio. D. W. B. 

• • • 

JANUARY 18, 1947 


OuH, MiUioH. Wtvik 


Lois Netzley Shull 

Palghar, Thana District, India 

Port 4 

The trip was nearly over when I 
was invited to tour the bridge. After 
spending two hours amid the com- 
plexity of those scientific instru- 
ments one feels very safe. The cap- 
tain took me from one instrument 
to another explaining each one in de- 
tail. There are two or three differ- 
ent instruments doing each task, so 
that if one fails another carries on. 
An instnmient, called the "stool 
pigeon," checks on the helmsman, 
showing if the ship goes in the least 
off its course. Two fathometers 
measure the depth of the sea. There 
are two compasses, one electric, one 
magnetic. Three big clocks regard- 
less of the rocking of the ship are 
always level because of the way 
they are set in their frames. Three 
different machines check on any 
trouble that might occur anywhere, 
such as smoke or fire. Loud-speak- 
ing systems are all over the ship. At 
the top of the crow's-nest is the radar 
plate. It continually goes round and 
round reflecting any object above 
the surface of the water; it will de- 
tect another ship one hundred miles 
away, or a floating mine two miles 

Up a narrow stairs I followed the 
captain to the top of the bridge. The 
wind whipped and tore at our clothes 
and hair. It snatched the captain's 
words as they were uttered and 
whisked them away into space. Had 
it not been for his booming voice it 
would have been impossible to have 
heard him. He showed me the gun 
turrets, the flags that are used when 
entering a port, and then the tommy. 
The tommy is a pair of canvas pants 
that are used in rescuing people from 
a ship that has been wrecked on a 
reef. An arrow, to which is fastened 
a string, is shot across the bow of 
the sinking ship. Then a bigger rope 
is run across, followed by a bigger 
one, etc., until one large enough to 
hold a man is secured; then the tom- 
my is sent over. By the use of pul- 
leys one person at a time is carried in 
the tommy to safety. 

It was a relief to come down out 



of the wind, for my skin felt numb 
and unnatural. It had surely been 
an interesting two hours! After 
thanking the captain I left the bridge 
with a new appreciation of the 
things man has made. 

It was our last night on board. 
Silvia, Weldon, Ernie and I stood 
near the railing eating oranges and 
throwing the peelings into the ocean. 
Most of the trip had been wonder- 
ful! We had found many new 
friends and had done many new 
things. Eventually this trip would 
take its place in our memory, more 
like a dream than a reality. We 
made the resolution to keep in con- 
tact with each other through the 
years to come. 

On March 17 everyone was pack- 
ing furiously for we were near the 
end of our long journey. Toward 
midmoming the ship entered the 
mouth of the Hooghly River, which 
is one of the branches of the Ganges 
delta. The river was rapid and mud- 
dy, and the banks on either side were 
burned brown, relieved only here 
and there by the sparse green foliage 
at the top of a tall palm tree. Low 
grass huts hugged close to the earth. 
By noon the weather was insuffer- 
ably hot, and when we dropped an- 
chor at Calcutta the thermometer 
read 117°. The flies did not wait for 
the gangplank to be lowered; they 
swarmed the ship. 

Passing through customs was a 
relatively simple matter. Veteran 
travelers had told us of horrible 
hours spent in the beating sun on 
dirty docks, of boxes opened and 
possessions scattered. This time the 
officers came aboard ship, helped us 
fill out forms and planted their seal 
upon them. 

At 8:00 p. m. the gangplank was 
lowered and the captain's permission 
was given to leave the ship. Last 
good-bys were said, addresses were 
given and the people hurried away, 
some to go on to China and Burma, 
some into government jobs and some 
to missions in all parts of India. 

We stood at the top of the gang- 
plank for a minute watching the 
many people below on the dock. It 
was like a new world, so different 

from anything we had ever seen. 
What lay ahead in this strange new 

Laughingly I stooped and kissed 
the railing of the ship. When we 
had come aboard it had seemed so 
dirty and not very safe. Now it 
seemed like home, the last of the 
U. S. A. we would see for many 
years. Ernie and I smiled at each 
other, then carrying Jimmy and 
holding Linda by the hand we de- 
scended the stair to new opportuni- 
ties for service. 

Spiritual Life Conference 
of India 

Clyde and Eleanor Carter 

Bulsar, India 

For one of the few times in the 
history of Brethren conferences 
held in India, all the missionaries 
were present for at least part of 
this spiritual life conference. Bro. 
J. M. Blough opened the conference 
on the evening of Nov. 11, 1946, 
with a message on Christian Perfec- 
tion. Using the text Matt. 5: 48, 
he posed this problem: if we de- 
mand perfection from those who 
work for us, does the Lord demand 
less of us? 

Each morning an eager group was 
on hand for the Bible hour led by 
Sister Alice Ebey. The themes for 
her Bible talks were: Faith, based 
on Gal. 3; Hope, 1 Peter 1; and 
Love, 1 John 4: 7-21. These inspir- 
ing talks by our oldest missionary 
on the field were followed by a 
worship period conducted by one of 
the most recent missionaries to the 
field, Bro. Ernest Shull. His ser- 
mons were patterned over the same 

themes, choosing as titles, Faith in 
Christ Is the Victory (1 John 3:4- 
5), Christ the Hope of the World 
(Heb. 10: 19-25), and The Love of 
Christ Endures Forever (1 Cor. 13). 
He very adequately related the Bi- 
ble to the persent-day world prob- 

The entire group was able to en- 
ter into the discussion periods 
which centered around these 
thought-provoking topics: A Peace 
Program for India, leader, Betty 
Blickenstaff; Missions and Brethren 
Service, leader of panel, Amsey 
Bollinger, with Everett Fasnacht 
stressing How to Put More Service 
Into Missions. L. A. Blickenstaff's 
assigned portion was How to Put 
More Missions Into Service, and 
More Effective Mission Publicity 
was heralded by Susan Shull. It 
was pointed out clearly that the 
mission has done service during 
every famine period since the first 
workers' arrival, but in special 
projects other than the needs in 
the mission area, it was found 
wanting because of lack of personnel 
and funds. Meeting the need for 
both personnel and funds seemed 
to rest with those in America whose 
duty it is to recruit people and raise 
funds to meet these needs. Much 
concern was expressed during the 
discussion period thAt centered 
around the book review given by 
Mrs. Bollinger on Leslie Weather- 
head's The Will of God. Chalmer 
Shull acted as referee during the 
discussion periods. 

Time was also well utilized as 
we heard Sadie Miller speak on 
Prayer in Evangelism. Fine illus- 
trations were used from her ex- 
perience in her district work, 
stressing the need to live among 
the people and to love them. This 
period was followed by an informal 
talk by Harlan Brooks on Using 
Casual Contacts for Christ. 

Another contribution to our spir- 
itual life was the devotional talk 
by Dorothy Brown. She spoke on 
Lovest Thou Me? Along the same 
line was Our Need for Confession 
and Testimony, moderated by 
Kathryn Kiracofe, and the praise 
and intercession service arranged 
by Dr. Nickey gave us food for 

A new feature of this year's pro- 
gram was worship through the fine 
arts. Thanks to Dr. Leonard Blick- 
enstaff, Lois Shull and Mary Blick- 
enstaff, we were led in worshiping 
God in this different manner, all 
of which rounded out our program. 

Nor were the children left out of 
the program; during the mothers 


$100,000 — 

f 75.000 — 

$ 50,000 

$ 25.000 

Dec. 23 total 

Facts About the Supplemental Pension 

Toward the $125,000 fund, $56,981 had been raised up to 
Dec. 23. Questions as to the use ol this fund are frequently 

(1) Who benefits from this money when raised? Answer. 
Ministers and missionaries who qualify as members of the pen- 
sion plan will receive upon retirement $10 F>er month so long as 
they live. It is older ministers and missionaries who, because 
of shortness of time in the plan, would not receive as much as 
$10 per month without the supplement. 

(2) What help is there fof ministers and missionaries who 
do not qualify in the pension plan? Answer. Annually the 
church is raising $30,000, which is available to grant to those 
faithful servants who need financial help. 

(3) When is the $125,000 fund to be raised? Answer. An- 
nual Conference authorized its raising by Feb. 28, 1946. 

(4) Is there a goal for local congregations? Answer. $1.25 
per recorded member is suggested. Able churches ought 1o 
do more. Weak mission churches may do less. 

and daughters program, songs were 
contributed by Esther Shull, Linda 
Kay Shull, Paul and Dean Fasnacht, 
Rosemary and Lynn Blickenstaff. 
Older children also had their parts; 
Margaret Brooks played two violin 
solos. Dorothy Brown gave two 
piano solos. Amsey Bollinger sang 
a solo; a mixed quartet sang My 
God and I. Mary BlickenstafTs orig- 
inal motor travelogue was especially 

During the three-day meeting we 
gave honor to Dan Lichty and Anna 
Lichty, who are returning to Amer- 
ica this spring after forty-four 
years of service by Uncle D«n and 
thirty-four years by Amui. Our 
hearts were gladdened as we heard 
them tell of their joys and their 
sorrows throughout their life in 
India. Honor was also given to 
Sister Alice Ebey, who had her 
seventy-fifth birthday recently and 
who also is returning to America 
this spring. All through the con- 
ference we were reminded that 
these three have served well and 

Our conference closed Nov. 14, 
after a busy business session and 
a consecration service led by Bro. 
Lichty. His theme was that we 
should dedicate our whole lives to 
Christ. "It is easier to die for the 
Lord than to live every day for 
Christ. We are consecrated, set 
aside for special work." 

Who are the missionaries serving 
your church? When did they first 
come to the field? Surely as you 
study India in your mission study 
program, you will learn their 
names, the years they were ap- 
pointed, and many other interesting 
facts about the field of service here 
in India. 

Missionaries Return 

The greatest mass sailing of mis- 
sionaries in the history of the Prot- 
estant church in America took place 
in December when the S. S. Marine 
Lynx and the S. S. Marine Falcon 
departed from San Francisco with 
approximately 900 missionaries on 
board. The sailings were arranged 
under the auspices of the Foreign 
Missions Conference of North 
America and the American Presi- 
dent Lines. 

The Marine Lynx left the Pacific 
Coast city on Dec. 15 carrying ap- 
proximately 670 missionaries des- 
tined for Manila, Shamghai and 
Hong Kong. An emergency class 
non - reconverted troopship, , the 
Lynx transported 400 missionaries 
to the same ports of call last Octo- 
ber. The Church of the Brethren 
missionaries are Dr. and Mrs. Daryl, 
Parker and their two sons, Elizabeth 
Wampler and her two sons, Bessie 
Crim, Hazel Rothrock, O. C. Sollen- 
berger and John Detrick. They will 
join the six who have returned. 

The Marine Falcon left San Fran- 
cisco on Dec. 21 for Singapore, Ma- 
dras and Bombay, with 250 mission- 
aries on its passenger list. The 
transport has been reconditioned to 
accommodate cabin-class passen- 

A farewell meeting in honor of 
the missionaries was held in the 
Oakland Auditorium, Oakland, 
Calif., Dec. 8, under the sponsorship 
of the Oakland Coimcil of Churches. 

A third sailing is planned for the 
Marine Lynx early in 1947, accord- 
ing to the Foreign Missions Con- 

JANUARY 18, 1947 


RfsjetliAe4t Se^u/tice 

Women and children help unload tile in an Italian village 

They Have Homes Again 

You have heard a good deal about the sending of food and clothing and 
heifers to foreign countries under the B.S.C. relief program. But did you 
know that during most of 1946 the Church of the Brethren has had work- 
ers in Italy helping to restore homes for people who were bombed out and 
burned out during the war? In one section alone over 4,500 people were 
rehoused and in the process more than 10,000 metric tons of building ma- 
terial were transported. That meant the steady use of sixty to seventy 
trucks constantly, six days a week; trucks that consumed nearly 10,000 gal- 
lons of gasoline in the process. 

The Brethren entered this work of mercy early in 1946 when Mark Eber- 
sole of Pennsylvania went to Italy to join a group of Friends already help- 
ing in some of the mountain villages. Later Robert Mays, Walter Bowman, 
Eugene Lichty and Merlin Frantz, all students at Bethany Seminary, also 
entered the reconstruction effort. Begun by the American Friends Service 
Committee and the International Voluntary Society for Peace, the work 
with Italy's shelterless people was officially operated by UNRRA and 
CAS AS (the Italian reconstruction organization). The unit in which most 
of the work of the Brethren men was done had its headquarters in Carrara, 
a town in the Aventine Valley of northern Italy. The men served as super- 
visors, with Italian volunteers and local workers providing the necessary 

The work went something like this: In the mountain villages around 
Carrara many people had been scorched out of their shelters during the 
war. A survey of each village was made and anyone applying for help in 
rebuilding or repairing his home was certified as to need by UNRRA- 
CASAS. If he was found to be in real need he was put on the list of those 
to get materials. Then the men in the Carrara unit would see that trucks 
were provided to carry the necessary bricks, cement, and other materials 
to the building site. In the mountainous terrain this often meant that the 
loads would have to be carried part way by mules — or women. But by this 
means new hope and protection from the elements were brought to thou- 
sands of war victims. 

Late in the fall of 1946 the wives of the four men at Carrara joined 
them and together the group has worked out many of the details for a 
project among the children of that section who are perhaps the chief casual- 
ties of war. The new project will be entirely Brethren-sponsored and will 
seek not only to give these unfortunate children an adequate diet and suf- 
ficient clothing, but will try to restore purpose to their lives. 

With a Worker 
in Italy 

Merlin L. Frcmtz 

Were you to go with me for a day 
into the Comune of Zeri I am sure 
that you would find it immensely 
interesting, to say the least. This 
comune, located fifty miles from 
Carrara, is quite typical of Italian 
rural life. Although the population 
is only 4,500 it is distributed among 
fourteen small fractions or villages, 
each one a distinct group of build- 
ings, narrow streets and arched pas- 

On this October morning you 
would probably wish, as I do, that 
the jeep in which we are riding was 
covered and had a good hot water 
heater under the dashboard. We 
will make several stops along the 
way at offices of regional engineers 
to pick up requests for building ma- 
terials. Soon, though, we will turn 
off the hard-surfaced road and begin 
the long climb to Zeri. 

At this point a woman came into 
the office. Her story was: "My 
husband is still a prisoner of war. 
I have a hoy nine and a girl six. 
I have no work. Can you do any- 
thing so that my boy can get into 
a school or some place where he 
can get some food?" All that I 
could say was that I would see if 
anything could be done. 

Over mountain roads, past peaks 
on which men and women of aU 
ages are planting their meager 
crops, we travel to Coloretta — as far 
as the road goes. People begin pok- 
ing their heads around the comers 
of buildings. Many come toward the 
jeep. "When is my material com- 



Left to right: Robert and Joyce Mays. 
Eugene and Eloise Lichty, Mark Eber- 
sole. Frances and Walter Bowman. Mer- 
lin and Imo Jean Fronts 

ing?" "Is it possible for me to get 
some more cement?" "My family is 
without a home but I have no 
money to pay for labor; can you 
help me in any way?" You notice a 
number of brightly colored silk 
shirts, standing out in sharp con- 
trast to the rest of the ragged cloth- 
ing worn by these people. You 
wonder how such shirts found their 
way to such mountain communities 
until someone explains that they 
were made from parachutes used in 
the dropping of food from planes 
during the war. 

Upon leaving the jeep and walk- 
ing about the village a bit you see 
considerable building repair imder 
way. You see women mixing mor- 
tar, men hewing becims from chest- 
nut logs, and children carrying 
stones from the rubble to be put 
back into the walls again. 

Even though we are at the end of 
the road the village ofifices are still 
a forty-five-minute walk through a 
small valley. This may seem long 
to you, but many people live two 
or three hours away. These vUlages 
to which there are no roads and no 
transportation are one of our chief 
problems in reconstruction. Mules 
can carry material up the steep 
slopes, but mules are scarce. 

Probably you are surprised at the 
type of damage you see here. It is 
not the "bombed-out" type, but 
rather the "buming-in-reprisal" 
type carried on by the Germans 
wherever they found the partisans 
being harbored. You will notice 
that the inside of the houses have 
been burned so that the supports 
dropped down, "gutting" the build- 
ing from top to bottom. The extent 
of the damage cannot be exaggerat- 

You must get a feeling of satis- 
faction, though, when someone 
comes running into the village and 
says that his material is down in 
Coloretta; whereupon the entire 
needy family hurries off to that 
town to unload the supplies. If you 
wait long enough you may see the 
women of the family carrying the 
tile, brick, and other supplies on 
their heads to the building site. 

Then, perhaps, a women comes 
saying, "My house is damaged. I 
am afraid to keep my family there 
as the wall is about to fall away. 
Can you help me?" (After several 
weeks of battling red tape this 
woman's case was cleared and her 
home was repaired.) 

But by now you are getting weary 
and we start back to the jeep, de- 
scending the slopes more rapidly 
than we came up. Again we find 

people waiting. "Can you haul some 
sand for me?" "Can you let me ride 
down to Pontremoli? If I have to 
walk it wUl take four hours." (Al- 
though UNRRA-CASAS says no I 
usually end up by asking myself 
how I would like to walk for four 
more hours even though I have 
shoes which protect my feet from 
the sharp stones — and I usually say 

Loaded in, we head back, round- 
ing a curve in the road just as dusk 

, 1 , 1 < v , t > > v > t > > v > v 'V » ' I ' ■ : ■ > t - > v ' V 'V >t' ' V ' V ' V <v - t - ■:■ » » » 
Suffer Little Children 

With eyes deeply trusting and merry face 

Warm and sweet from her bath, she come 

rushing to greet me 
And excitedly showed me her shiny red 

"And I have new roller skates with bright 

red wheels . . . 
"And we have pink strawberry ice cream 

for supper!" 

With eyes restless, fearful, and small face 

too solemn 
She stood alone — aloof from me — and 

stared disinterestedly. 
And I stared back, unbelievingly, at the 

thin and shivering body. 
At the tiny bare feet so bhie and cold, at 

the filthy, ragged dress. 
I felt the woe in the heart of a child too 

hungry to think of playing. . . 
And remembered that we would be having 

"pink strawberry ice cream for supper." 
• • * • • 

And so we eagerly come to you, little 

people of Italy, 
With maybe some nice new roller skates, 

with bright red wheels you'll love. 
Some sturdy shoes to cover your feet, and 

clothes that are clean and warm again. 
Some fresh, sweet milk and plenty of food 

so that you will no longer be hungry. 
Humbly we offer our love and our care 

in a world that's forgotten its little folk. 
And God forgive us if we fail to keep 

faith with the children, God's children 

. . . the future. 

— Frances Bowman, member of the 
Italian unit 

is descending over the beautiful 
peak of Aagro above Carrara. We 
settle back a bit and relax for the 
trip home. We think of the need 
we have just seen and of our all- 
too-small efforts to relieve it, and 
we pray that what we are doing may 
play a part in bringing a world of 
brotherhood for all men. 

A Dutch Sewing Bee 

Perhaps the two greatest needs on 
the island of Walcheren are sheets 
and soap. Once a week the women 
of Havendorp, where the Brethren 
unit is located, are getting together 
to help remedy the scarcity of 

Can We Afford to 
Give Less? 

Giving to the Brethren service 
program has dropped off sharply in 
the past three months. Look at 
the figures: 

1945 1946 

October $84,744 $48,200 

November $79,544 $45,645 

In other words, in the months of 
October and November we gave 
$70,443 less for our service work 
than we gave in the same two 
months last year! Reports avail- 
able for the early part of December 
show that our giving for that month 
will have dropped even more. 

If this trend continues it will 
mean the serious crippling of our 
service efforts just at the time when, 
we have a better opportunity to- 
render widespread Christian help- 
than ever before. When we are at 
last able to send more workers and 
more goods to needy areas we will 
be without means to do so. When 
at last we can give large-scale help 
to people in Germany, Austria, and 
China (areas which had not been 
open before) we will find ourselves 
with our hands tied. 

The need for immediate quanti- 
ties of food and clothing is increas- 
ing in Central Europe. At the same 
time, UNRRA, because of political 
considerations, is passing out of the 
picture. That means that volun- 
tary agencies, like the Church of 
the Brethren, are the last hope of 
the countless war victims. 

Can we afford to pass by on the 
other side of the road saying, "We 
have done our bit. Now let us re- 
turn to normalcy"? Let us never 
be weary in well doing. 

sheets. With fiour sacks from the 
flour which the Mennonites had dis- 
tributed on the island some time 
ago, the women are making sheets 
for sick people on the island. Four 
sacks make a fine sheet. 

Brethren workers reported that 
many homes do not have sheets even 
for the beds of the very sick. And 
so, a sewing bee was organized. To 
the first one came six Dutch wom- 
en, and alongside them worked the 
American women. In spite of the 
language difference they got along 
wonderfully and almost finished five 
sheets, ripped apart a number of 
garments to be made into usable 
garments, and took home ten pairs 
of pillow cases to finish. Another 
bee was scheduled for a week later. 

JANUARY 18, 1947 


^Ite. GUi4/uUt (d Wo^ 

A scene in the cutting room in the New Windsor reliei center 

Sewing for Relief 

Mrs. Earl Flohr 

New Windsor, Maryland 

Let US begin with a short review 
of our relief sewing. It is needless 
to say that everyone who has partic- 
ipated has worked willingly and 
has received great joy and satisfac- 
tion because this opportunity was 

Over a period of four years seven 
relief agencies have been supplying 
fabric to the cut-garment depart- 
ment at New Windsor (free of 
charge) for cutting. They have also 
been furnishing patterns appropri- 
ate for wear in the countries where 
the garments will be sent. These 
agencies, composed of American 
citizens, are located in New York 
City and Washington, D. C. They 
purchase cloth at wholesale prices 
from the manufactiirers and send it 
prepaid to New Windsor. In addi- 
tion to the seven we have attempted 
to get cloth to be cut and sewed 
from Hungarian Relief, Inc., Ameri- 
can Relief for Italy, Inc., and Ameri- 
can Relief for Poland, Inc., but none 
of these groups have been able to 
supply us with material. 

From the cloth furnished by the 

Greek agency during the past four 
years 100,242 garments have been 
cut, sewed, and shipped into war- 
torn Greece. About 30,000 garments 
have gone to Holland and Belgium; 
aroimd 40,000 to the Philippines; 
and several thousand into France. 
Gaimenls Available 

Women from almost all denomi- 
nations over the whole United 

States are now placing orders for 
sewing. Garments are always avail- 
able. There has never been a period 
when there were no cut garments 
on hand. At present there are 
about 8,000 ready-cut garments on 
our shelves from which to fill or- 
ders. In addition, we have 25,000 
yards of cloth yet to be cut. Our 
total yardage received during 1946 
was 114,453. Broken down this in- 
cluded 20,700 yards for Holland, 30,- 
776 for the Philippines, 5,050 for 
Yugoslavia, 3,679 for Belgium, 1,000 
for Greece, and 54,248 for Russia. 
Starting in March 5,000 yards of 
woolen fabric were cut into wom- 
en's skirts for Russia. Many, many 
women have sewed on the Russian 
style boy's shirts, size 10, which 
were cut during the summer months 
from the 15,000 yards of blue and 
brown material. At present girls' 
dresses, size 6, are being cut from 
10,000 yards of bright red and green 
woolen cloth. Also from the Relief 
for Russia agency came about 500 
pounds of yam with instructions for 
knitting nine different articles. To 
date sixty-two knitted articles, val- 
ued at about $125, have been baled. 
Because there are no relief agen- 
cies for Germany or Austria, it has 
been our policy to use all yardage 
donated by individuals or groups for 
cutting garments for the children in 
these two countries. To date we 
have a total of 3,615 garments for 
Germany and 200 for Austria. The 
need is very great in these two 
countries, especially in Germany. 

Current Sewing Projects 

Projects running during the win- 
ter of 1946-1947 are as follows: Lay- 
ettes (infant), outing; girls' skirts, 
size 10, cotton; girls' dresses, size 6, 

It Occurs to Me 

Raymond R. Peters 



Every individual should have specific times when inventory is taken. 
Growth comes about by setting goals, laying plans to achieve and evaluat- 
ing occasionally. One should not become discouraged if all of the de- 
sired goals are not realized, for it is well to set goals difficult to achieve. 
Yet, one must not become complacent. Keep setting goals, keep working, 
keep seeking objective evaluation. The people who enjoy life are those 
who live well, losing their lives for the common good, and are never satisfied 
to give up. Growth can be continuous. At this Christmas I received a 
crocheted doily from my grandmother, who had made it since her one- 
hundred-first birthday. She is still setting goals, laying plans and check- 
ing up. 

It occurs to me that the beginning of the year and birthdays serve as 
appropriate times for evaluation. In addition to evaluating oneself there 
should be close and understanding friends who can help us see ourselves 
as others see us. Dr. Blackwelder points out that the person who is grow- 
ing at age forty-five stands a good chance to continue that process. Let's 
keep growing. 

You Ought to Know About . 

A Guid« lo Christian Familr Lir- 
ing. out of print for some months, is 
again available at ten cents per 
copy. This pamphlet is a guide to 
church leaders who are responsible 
for planning the church program of 
Christian famUy life education. 

The new Catalog for Church 
Workers. If you have not received 
a copy and need guidance in the 
selection of literature and other sup- 
plies for your church work, write 
for it. 

Articles in the February Bible 
Study Monthly in addition to lesson 
helps and worship suggestions for 
each Sunday include the follow- 
ing titles: Leadership Education for 
the Local Church, Adult Education 

in the Rural Church, Making Your 
Lesson Plans, What to Do This 
Month, A Sunday-school Board 
Considers Visual Education, Leader- 
ship Education. 

Coming articles on these pages: 

Jan. 25. How to Make a Commu- 
nity Survey. 

Feb. 1. The Community Religious 
Survey (dramatization). 

Feb. 8. Home Visitation Evangelism 
(dramatization) . 

Feb. 15. The Unified Sunday Morn- 
ing Service. 
Unless otherwise indicated, order 

all materials listed here from the 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 


woolen; girls' dresses, size 8, wool- 
en; girls' pinafores, size 14, cotton; 
women's dresses, woolen; women's 
skirts, woolen; women's blouses, cot- 
ton; children's capes, woolen; girls' 
dresses, size 4, cotton; pajamas, size 
8, outing; yam and instructions for 
knitting sweaters, sizes 2-34-36, 
hoods, chest protectors, helmets with 
bibs, and mufflers. 

The cut garments are assembled 
into bundles of six. Each bundle 
contains an instruction sheet, not 
only explaining the successive steps 
of the sewing but also the return- 
ing of the finished garments. It 
is very important that the women 
who sew the garments read, under- 
stand, and observe the four things 
listed at the bottom of the instruc- 
tion sheet: 

1. Please use only the mailing labels 
that are enclosed. (Regardless of 
who made the garments, these 
labels should be used.) 

2. Do not pack used clothing with 
sewing-project garments. 

3. To one of the garments pin a 
piece of paper with your name, 
address, congregation, number of 
garments and color. 

4. We would like to have all shirts 
returned by (suggested date) if 
at all possible. 

When the foregoing are not ob- 
served, irregularities result which 
cause discrepancies in our files. 
Sometimes we never receive the 
garments. Since the relief agencies 
purchase the fabrics, we are respon- 
sible directly to them for every gar- 
ment we cut; so we must depend on 
the women who sew to use every 
precaution in order to get the gar- 
ments back to the cut-garment de- 
partment. May we list some don'ts? 

1. In some congregations one lady 
makes the orders and returns the 

garments, while the work superin- 
tendent distributes them. One in- 
dividual should be responsible for 
everything in order to prevent con- 

2. Do not return garments with 
only women's work group, congre- 
gation and address on the return la- 
bel. Put instead: Mrs. George 
Brown, name of women's group or 
aid, Oak Hill Church of the Breth- 
ren, Grand Rapids, Iowa. Some- 
times it requires an hour to find out 
who ordered the garments in the 
first place, so that they may be 
checked in properly. 

3. Mrs. Smith, please do not re- 
turn garments to us in your name if 
Mrs. Jones ordered them. If Mrs. 
Jones did not give you a typed re- 
turn label which we included in her 
order, then send the garments to her 
to be returned or else write on a 
piece of paper and pin to the gar- 
ments the following: "Part of Mrs. 
Jones' order." 

4. When Mrs. A moves from the 
congregation she should not put the 
garments which she sewed in with 
the finished garments of the congre- 
gation into which she has moved. 
She should attach to her garments 
the following notation: twenty -four 
dresses sewed by Mrs. A, Phoenix, 
Arizona. Part of Mrs. John White's 
order of the Maple Grove Church 
of the Brethren, Decatur, Illinois. 

5. Do not use the cutting room 
labels on any packages except those 
containing finished garments which 
were sent out by the cutting room. 

6. Do not worry too much about 
the return date if you are a few days 
late. That is only a suggested date, 
not hard and fixed. We need to have 
garments returned somewhere near 
the date on the instructions. 

7. Do not send finished garments 

or comforters made from scraps sent 
out by the New Windsor cutting 
room to any other center. They 
must be sent back to the New Wind- 
sor cutting room. 

All scraps from the cutting are 
saved and will be sent to anyone 
upon request. These scraps work 
up very well into comforters, which 
when returned to the cutting room 
in New Windsor are baled and sent 
to the agency furnishing the cloth. 

If it is necessary to change your 
relief director, please notify us of 
the change, stating that Mrs. B has 
been elected in Mrs. C's place. 

The interest which the women 
have shown in the sewing projects 
is very much appreciated, and we 
know that they will continue to co- 
operate in a very efficient and help- 
ful manner. 

The Achievement Offering 

Date, February 16, 1947 
What Is Achievement? 

It is the final effort to fulfill our 
greatest desires for the work of the 
church in this fiscal year. Each in- 
dividual Sunday-school class, B.Y, 
P.D. and congregation should give 
its financial projects and general 
giving a look before the year closes. 
Each person might weU ask the 
question, "Have I given in accord- 
ance with the way the Lord has 
prospered me?" 
Achievement Goals 

The minimum goals as approved 
at the Wenatchee Conference are as 
follows: Conference budget, $416, 
200.00; Brethren Service budget, 
$420,000.00; Supplemental Pension 
Fund, $125,000.00. However, these 
budgets should be considered the 
basic necessities rather than worthy 
goals. In the challenge of the We- 
natchee Conference our goal should 
be Men and Millions for Christ. 
Don't Neglect the Absentees 

Some person should make certain 
that those who are absent on 
Achievement Sunday are given an 
invitation to participate at another 
time. Telephone calls and letters 
should be used. It would be well to 
give an opportunity on a later Sun- 
day for those who were absent on 
Achievement Day. 
Helps for the Offering 

1. Achievement Offering envel- 

2. Poster, God Wills a Better 

3. Leaflet, It Is Time. 

These materials may be secured 
from the General Boards, 22 S. State 
Street, Elgin, 111. 

JANUARY 18, 1947 



Religious News . . . 

Democracy Must Preserve 

Preservation of Sunday as a day 
for worship and cultivation of the 
Christian spirit is one of the first 
duties of a democratic state, B. J. 
Warr of Halifax, field secretary of 
the Lord's Day Alliance, told 250 
ministerial and lay delegates at the 
General Council of the United 
Church of Canada. 

Mr. Warr asserted that despite 
frequent attacks against Sunday 
laws, they had been successfully de- 
fended during the six years of war. 
He added, however, that "we have 
been subject to moral and spiritual 
losses which cannot be fully ap- 
praised. Lawlessness has taken on 
such proportions as to startle the im- 
agination. The home and family life 
of the Dominion have suffered se- 

Because of the disruption of the 
Sunday habits of tens of thousands 
of workers during the war, there is 
great need today for revision of the 
mental attitudes of the people to- 
wards the peacetime use of Sunday, 
Mr. Warr continued. "In this age 
of atomic power," he said, "we need 
the stabilizing and inspiring power 
of religion as never before. One of 
the chief functions the Sabbath has 
to perform is to give pause to life 
in its onward course, to make a 
quiet in the midst of life." 

Thirteen Ways to Kill a Pastor 

Thirteen ways "to kill your pas- 
tor" are reported by the Broadway 
Baptist Church Times. 

If carefully followed, the publica- 
tion says the thirteen methods "will 
kill any preacher on earth, will kill 
his influence, kill his ambition, kill 
him mentally, morally, spiritually 
and physically." 

The Times gives these rules: 

"Stay away from church, especial- 
ly when you know only a handful 
will be present. Stay away from 
the Wednesday evening prayer serv- 
ices because there never is a large 
group present. When the sermon 
is over leave the church in a hurry 
without speaking a word of en- 
couragement to the pastor. When 
you get sick don't let him know 
about it, and then criticize him for 
not coming to see you. 

"Never invite him or his family 
out to dinner in your home. They 
never enjoy a social hour. Pay just 

as little as you can to the church 
and then always grumble about the 
church wanting money. 

"Never give up your allegiance to 
your former pastor. Constantly 
quote him in all things and keep 
him in contact with everything that 
is going on and ask his decision in 
the matters of the church. Never 
give your pastor anything except 
what you promised. This might 
make him think you appreciate him. 

"Always have some excuse when 
he wants you to do something in the 
church. That is what you pay him 
for. Never call at the pastor's home, 
but complain if he does not visit you 
once or twice a week. 

"Don't ever offer to help in any 
way, for he might think you are 
'butting in.' Act as cold and indif- 
ferent toward him as you can and 
he will think you are dignified. Nev- 
er bestow any kindness upon him or 
his wife on their birthdays, wedding 
anniversary, pastoral anniversary, 
Christmas, etc. Just forget them 
entirely, for they might think you 
love them. These little remem- 
brances would be too kind." 

About Books ... 

Any books mentioned in this column may be secured through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. — ^Ed. 

Hidden Brotherhood in Japanese 
Is Seen 

Paul Tyson has written the fol- 
lowing letter from Japan to his par- 
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Perry H. Tyson 
of Royersford, Pa. 
Dear Mother and Dad: 

I've been busy turning down in- 
vitations to dine out for the past few 
days. The Japanese families I've 
learned to know up in the village 
heard we were leaving on Sunday, 
and have been after me to eat sup- 
per with them. 

During the past several weeks 
there has been more of an oppor- 
tunity to learn what these people 
are really like. In the country vil- 
lage where the bombs weren't 
dropped the people are more friend- 
ly and they also live much better 
than the city folks with their own 
food and things they gather from 
the woods. 

Since I gained their confidence, the 
kids show me how they net min- 
nows and crabs in the creeks — and 
the women show me their plants 
and gardens. One old grandmother 



The Roll of Drums. Lucile Wal- 
lower. Albert Whitman, 1945. 112 
pages. $2.00. 

In the American Revolution, Ste- 
phen MacDonald, a drummer boy, 
is wounded and receives medical 
care in the Ephrata Cloisters of 
southeastern Pennsylvania. These 
serious-minded religious people like 
Stephen and are especially good 
to him. In return and at consid- 
erable risk, he eagerly volunteers 
to thwart a plot against the life of 
Washington, who is planning to visit 
the wounded soldiers being cared 
for at the cloisters. The book is of 
particular interest for those inter- 
ested in Brethren history and back- 
ground. Junior age. — Genevieve 

Mary Slessor — Heroine of Cala- 
bar. Basil Miller. Zondervan, 1946. 
139 pages. $1.25. 

The author has chosen an inter- 
esting personality about whom to 
write and has succeeded in pictur- 
ing some of the colorfulness and in- 
dividualistic traits which make 
Mary Slessor an outstanding figure. 
This biography seems to represent 
no original research which might 
have brought out new information 
concerning Mary Slessor, but tells 
an interesting selection of already- 
familiar facts about her. The story 

of her life is interestingly told and 
her unusual contribution to Chris- 
tian missions is well summed up. 
For one who wants a brief biog- 
raphy, this book will be useful. — 
Ora W. Garber. 

Grabby Pup. Nancy Raymond. 
Fideler Company, 1945. 28 pages. 
75 cents. 

Grabby Pup, the mischievous 
cocker puppy, grabs everything he^ 
wants. ~ In a kindly way Grabby 
learns a lesson that every little pup- 
py mtist learn and Grabby comes to 
have many friends again. Ages 3-5. 
— Genevieve Crist. 

Peace of Mind. Joshua Loth Lieb- 
man. Simon and Schuster, 1946. 
203 pages. $2.50. 

Those who are interested in read- 
ing a liberal rabbi on psychology 
and religion should read Peace of 
Mind by Liebman, a recent Re- 
ligious Book Club selection. The 
author contends that dynamic psy- 
chology has much to offer religion. 
His chapters on Conscience Doth 
Make Cowards, Love Thyself Prop- 
erly and Fear Wears Many Marks 
demonstrate how psychology can 
help one overcome inferiority and 
give power to handle properly the 
urge for ego satisfaction. The book 
is recommended for mature readers. 
— Raymond R. Peters. 

Readers Write 

These are excerpts from letters which come to the editor's desk. It is our intention 
not to publish anything here unless permission has been given by the writer. 

This week I was Impressed with Bro. 
Raymond Peters' corner. It Occurs to 
Me. I think he is right; everyone of us 
is a "thorn in the flesh" to someone 
else, no matter how good we are or how 
bad. Jesus was perfect. He brought the 
message of love, peace and goodwill, 
which was the way to salvation. He told 
people about their sins. Some people 
were glad and repented. The hypocrites 
were angry. He was a thorn in the flesh 
to them. They thought that because they 
went to church every Sunday, prayed 
long prayers, brought their tithes and 
fasted, etc., they were very good. But 
when Jesus pointed out to them why they 
did the things they did, and how they 
got their tithe money by robbing wid- 
ows and orphans, he became a "thorn in 
the flesh" and they began to make plans 
to get rid of him. 

They were a "thorn in the flesh" to 
Jesus, too. But Jesus just kept on be- 
ing kind and loving, healing the sick 
and teaching the way of salvation. He 
didn't run away from them; he suffered 
even unto death. 

No doubt they thought they would be 
happy they had gotten rid of him and 
they could worship in freedom, but they 
were doomed to disappointment. The 
way of the transgressor is hard. 

After two thousand years It is just as 
true as it was then. Some people are 
glad when the preacher tells them about 
their sins and tells them how Jesus 
lived and what he taught. There are still 

some people who get angry at the preach- 
er. He is a "thorn in the flesh" to 
them. They think a change of pastors 
will solve their troubled souls but it 
doesn't. Churches which allow this to 
happen become weaker and weaker. 
They are like salt which loses its savor. 
They are lights hid under a bushel. — 
Mrs. Clarence R. Cripe, Goshen, Ind. 

I read with interest your article. Poli- 
tics Must Do Better, in the Gospel Mes- 
senger of Nov. 23. If you will pardon 
me, I would like to give a little of my 
opinion. It seems to me that politicians 
would do better if more Christian peo- 
ple would give them their support. How 
can they be expected to do better if we 
give them our support when they do 
wrong? To vote for men regardless of 
party sounds good and that is what I did 
for a number of years but now I have 
quit. Too long I have been compromis- 
ing with the evil one by voting for the 
lesser of two evils. It seems to me too 
much like picking a few choice hand- 
picked apples, putting them into a barrel 
that is filled with rotten ones and then 
putting them in storage for future use. 

Then you speak of the possibility of a 
third party. I am quite sure that there 
is one already in existence which has the 
qualifications of which you speak — one 
made up of Christian people, many of 
whom are ministers and church leaders, 
namely, the Prohibition Party. Let us 
give them our hand and hearty approval. 
Mart Sheaffer, Adel, Iowa. 


wanted me to see her temple and 
meet the temple master, which I 

It is a pretty building over 300 
years old and the garden and trees 
around it are well tended. I couldn't 
describe the interior so well, but it 
had a mysterious, ancient, quiet sort 
of reverence that impressed me. 

The temple master explained that 
the six white boxes on the altar 
were ashes of Japanese soldiers. He 
showed me a list of those received 
so far and it was quite large, con- 
sidering the size of the village. 

With someone who really knows 
to tell you what things are and why 
they are done, you can learn much 
more and the waiting isn't quite so 
unbearably dull as it would be oth- 

They seem very anxious to learn 
what things are like in America. 
There is no doubt that their impres- 
sion of us is based pretty much on 
wartime propaganda. They always 
inquire about my Mamma San and 
Papa San and your state of health 
and they look a long while at any 
pictures we have to show them, 
picking out things like our side- 
walks and all the space with nothing 
growing on it. 

One thing I'm sure of is that there 
are people everywhere who respond 
to kindness and friendliness and that 
deep down under the selfishness and 
hate of our own making there is a 

true brotherhood of man if we but 
let it find expression. 

I keep looking anxiously for your 
letters to leam how things are pro- 
gressing — and also for some indica- 
tion that Congress hasn't forgotten 
us over here and will try to figure 
some way to bring us home. 

Soys China Missionaries Must 
Work Under Natives 

Foreign missionaries in China 
must be prepared in the future to 
work under Chinese leaders in re- 
ligious and other fields rather than 
to serve as "bosses," according to 
Dr. John Stewart, who returned 
to Edinburgh from a visit to Man- 
churia and the Chinese port of 
Ichang on behalf of the Church of 

"In the future," Dr. Stewart told 
a press conference, "the Chinese 
will rim things and foreigners will 
just have to fit into teams led by 
Chinese. The church is not, as for- 
merly, looked upon as a foreign or- 
ganization, but as an essential part 
of Chinese life. The attitude of 
both the national government and 
the communists toward missions is 
that henceforth foreigners must be 
in subordinate positions." 

Christians Urged to Enter Major 

Christians must enter the fields of 
science, race relations, politics and 
labor-management relations if the 

world is to be conquered in Christ's 
name. Dr. George Albert Fallon, 
minister of Wesley church, Wor- 
cester, Mass., said at the closing 
formal meeting of the Methodist 
Crusade for Christ conference here. 
"We must raise a generation of 
young men and women who will go 
into the international field in the 
name of Christ," Dr. Fallon declared. 

He urged pastors and leaders to 
"appeal to brainy young people to 
enter politics, regardless of the par- 
ty, and to take Christian ideals 
wherever they go." Deploring the 
"technically trained minds which 
are not adequate for today," Dr. 
Fallon said, "We must call on men 
and women who have scientific 
knowledge to enter the technical 
field with a determination to link 
truth with good. Scientists must be 
conscious of mankind." 

Dr. Fallon suggested that some of 
the denomination's ministers devote 
themselves to the labor movement 
so that the movement would turn to 

Urges Clergy and Mental Health 
Specialists to Pool Resources 

Clergymen and mental health 
specialists should pool their resourc- 
es to stabilize the mental and emo- 
tional life of the community, it was 
suggested by Dr. Riley H. Guthrie, 
superintendent of the Norwich state 
hospital for the insane, in an ad- 
dress to a seminar of ministers from 
Hartford and Tolland counties. The 
seminar, conducted at the hospital 
under the auspices of the chaplaincy 
committee of the Connecticut Coun- 
cil of Churches, was one of four to 
be held throughout the state. 

Dr. Guthrie told the clergymen 
that "in the field of social psychia- 
try and public relations, the clergy- 
man can be of invaluable assistance 
in correcting any misconception 
which the public retains concerning 
mental illness." He pointed out that 
in cases where mental illness has 
occiuTed, "the clergyman . . . can do 
a great deal in relieving and appeas- 
ing the apprehension and miscon- 
ception borne by the relatives." 

Church organizations can take an 
active part in the rehabilitation and 
readjustment of patients returning 
to the community. Dr. Guthrie said. 
"The prevention of mental disor- 
ders," he concluded, "is where the 
clergyman and other interested 
agencies in the community can be of 
the greatest assistance. The prob- 
lems of human adjustment must not 
be solely the responsibility of the 

JANUARY 18. 1947 


Praises Women's Efforts 

Miss Margaret T. Applegarth, au- 
thor, lecturer and international 
chairman of a joint committee on 
ecumenical education sponsored by 
the American Committee for the 
World Council of Churches, paid 
Washington a visit and let it be 
known that she thinks women are 
more spiritually minded and inter- 
nationally minded than men. Basing 
her beliefs on audience reaction 
throughout the nation, Miss Apple- 
garth told reporters that when she 
talks to groups about war suffering 
and sacrifices and the need of others 
for help, members of the gentler sex 
immediately volunteer help. The 
women are in the forefront in en- 
couraging international coimcils to 
promote world friendship, she said 

Dynamic Miss Applegarth, who is 
the author of thirty books on mis- 
sionary and world friendship 
themes, was one of the featured 
speakers at a Washington institute 
for church women. She thinks that 
1 a world church not only is possible, 
but that it may serve as a sort of 
U. N. for peace. She is encouraged 
over the fact that ecumenical 
(world) church ties not only were 
unbroken, but actually gained in 
strength during World War II. 

Miss Applegarth says that Women 
are so eager for world friendship 
and a world church that often her 
seminars last from ten o'clock in the 
morning until four o'clock in the 
afternoon. She receives so much 
mail from women who adhere to 
her views that she has trouble re- 
plying to aU of it 

W.C.T.U. Asscdls Moderate Drink- 
ing OS Hctrmlul 

Reaffirming its stahd that prohibi- 
tion is the only solution to the liquor 
problem, the national Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union, nieet- 
ittg in its seventy-second annual 
convention, called upon churchmen 
and youth leaders to combat the 
teaching that drinking in modera- 
tion is harmless. 

The convention also urged Con- 
gress and state legislatures to ille- 
galize "glamorous" liquor advertis- 
ing, and advocated placing liability 
for accidents due to drunken driv- 
ing on the liquor dealer. It protested 
the use of grain, syrup, and other 
food products in the manufacture of 
alcoholic beverages, recommended 
that profits of the liquor industry be 
used for the rehabilitation of al- 
coholics, opposed peacetime con- 
scription, and urged the establish- 
ment of a commission on disarma- 



ment to function within the United 

Mrs. D. Leigh Colvin of Evanston, 
ni., re-elected president of the or- 
ganization for a third term, told the 
delegates that the government must 
be held responsible for "inflicting" 
the drink habit on many young men 
during the war. "Thousands of 
young men began to drink in post 
exchanges who might not have 
learned the habit had they not been 
in the armed forces," she charged. 

Dr. George Mecklenburg, Min- 
neapolis Methodist clergyman, de- 
scribed the United States as "riding 
the crest of a 'lost week-end' binge 
which is imperiling its relations 
with Russia." He said that the 
Soviet government has blocked the 
liquor trafiic by eliminating liquor 
profits. "A drunken America can't 
compete with a sober Russia," he 

Church Leaders Urged to Initiate 
Analyses of Group Tensions 

A call tp church leaders to take 
the initiative in analyzing group 
tensions and in discovering ways to 
promote racial goodwill was voiced 
here in a resolution" adopted by the 
Virginia Council of Churches. 
"Christian people have the respon- 
sibility as well as the challenge to 
apply their profession of brother- 
hood," said the resolution. "Lynch- 
ings and riots, like some diseases, 
can be prevented or controlled, but 
if ignored they become epidemic." 

Church leaders, said the council, 
should advocate wider use of Negro 
policemen, undertake community 
projects which tend to build racial 
unity, and provide classes in race 
relations in church leadership 
schools and summer confeirences. 

A second resolution adopted by 
the church group expressed the 
hope that prayers for peace might 
be offered in all public services and 
that special prayer services might 
be arranged. 

"The present international situa- 
tion gives us grave concern," said 
the resolution, "and we feel that 
these critical days of decision call 
for the mobilizing for peace of all 
the spiritual resources of Christen- 

Cleveland Churches Attack 
Social Problems 

This city's 400 Protestant church- 
es have launched a concerted attack 
on many of the social problems cur- 
rently vexing the community. 
Through the Cleveland Church Fed- 
eration such troublesome questions 
as housing, juvenile delinquency, 
interracial friction, and family prob- 

lems are being met by co-operative 

In an effort to find practical meth- 
ods to combat the housing shortage 
the federation has set up a special 
survey committee to canvass the sit- 
uation. Ministers and lay counsel- 
ors are planning to establish con- 
ference centers and social workshop 
sessions to study the problems of 
both adult and juvenile delinquency 
as well as marriage difficulties. Com- 
bined worship services with Negro 
congregations as guests of white 
churches will be' held to ease racial 
tensions and to bring the two races 
together- for better understanding. 

Women's groups allied with the 
Cleveland Church Federation are 
already establishing home clinics at 
neighborhood churches which will 
serve as clearing houses for boys 
and girls in trouble at home. To 
help relieve the persistent shortage 
of domestic help, church women are 
opening a domestic training school. 

Weddings . . . 

Axgabrlglil-RoyAir. — William V. Arga- 
bright of McPherson, Kansas, and Evelyn 
Darlene Royer of Dallas Center, Iowa, in 
the Dallas Center church, Dec. 22, 1946, 
by the undersigned. — Clinton I. Weber, 
Dallas Center, Iowa. 

Benson-Oeinzler. — Dennis Berry Benson 
and Lorine Elizabeth Denzler, both of 
Richmond, Va., at the parsonage, Dec. 28, 
1946, by the undersigned.— Henry C. fil- 
ler, Buena Vista, Va. 

Burd-Daiigheinbaugh. — Wayne R. Burd 
of Durand, 111., and Opal Daughenbaugh 
of Freeport, 111., in the Freeport church, 
Dec. 7, 1946, by the undersigned. — Clar- 
ence B. Fike, Freeport, lU. 

Byerly-Reeves. — Dewey A. Byerly and 
Evelyn P. Reeves, both of Mt. Solon, Va., 
Dec. 26, 1946, at the home of and by the 
undersigned. — O. S. Miller, Bridgewater, 

Clowcr-Biibolz. — Ivan E. Clower and 
Geraldine Bubolz, both of Osborn, Ohio, 
at the home of the bride, Dec. 26, 1946, by 
the undersigned.— E. L. Clower, Fayette- 
ville, W. Va. 

Edwezds-EIIiQtt. — Robert Glean Edwards 
and Wilma Jean Elliott, both of McCords- 
ville, Ind., Dec. 8, 1946, in the Beech 
Grove church, by the undersigned. — E. 
L. McCuUough, Pendleton, Ind. 

Healwole-Bodkin. — Charles Elmer Heat- 
wole of Hinton, Va., and Cleta Virginia 
Bodkin of Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 25, 
1946, by and at the home of the under- 
signed. — ^Elvert F. MiUer, Bridgewater, Va. 

Johnson-Chamberlin. — Norman Johnson 
of Waterford, Calif., and Dorotha Mae 
ChamberUn o* Mooreland, Ind., Dec. 21, 
1946, at the White Branch church, by the 
undersigned. — E. L. McCuUough, Pendle- 
ton, Ind. 

Kalivoda-Works. -^ John Kalivoda and 
Esther Works, both of Uniontown, Pa., 
Dec. 23, 194®,. In the Uniontown church, 
by the undersigned. — M. Guy West, Un- 
iontown, Pa. 

Maaifold-Kreider. — Harold A. Manifold 
of Woodbine, Pa., and Mary Kathryn 
Kreider of Ephrata, Pa., in the Ephrata 
church, Nov. 15, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— WiHred N. Staufer, Ephrata, Pa. 

MUler-Wilaoat. — ^Ray Bowman Miller of 
Bridgewater, Va., and Ava Lee Wilson of 
Lone Fountain, Va., Aug. 13, 1946, at the 
ChurchvUle Methodist church, by the un- 
dersigned. — O. S. MiUer, Bridgewater, Va. 

Norfleat-Gossage. — Raymond Norfleet of 
Anderson, Ind., and Eunice Gossage of 
New Castle, Ind., I^i'/. 21, 1946, at the 

home of and by the undersigned. — E. L. 
McCuUough, Pendleton, Ind. 

Rernoldi-Mllla. — Jay Reynolds and Mar- 
tha Mills, both of NoblesviUe, Ind., in the 
Beech Grove church, Oct. 26, 1946, by the 
undersigned. — E. L. McCuUough, Pendle- 
ton, Ind. 

Sprecher-Flory. — Willard G. Sprecher of 
Denver, Pa., and Joyce L. Flory of Eph- 
rata. Pa., at the Ephrata church, Oct. 12, 
1946, by the undersigned.— Wilfred N. 
Staufer, Ephrata, Pa. 

Sprout-Hoffer. — Paul David Sprout and 
Anna Martha Hoflfer, both of Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Dec. 24, 1946, at the bride's 
home, with the undersigned officiating. — 
Nevin H. Zuck, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

WMtTer-Long. — James Warren Weaver 
of Weyers Cave, Va., and Jean Juanita 
Long of Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 21, 1946, 
at the home of and by the undersigned. 
— Elvert F. Miller, Bridgewater, Va. 

Obituaries . . . 

Blickenstaff, Noah, son of Isaac and 
Barbara Blickenstaff, was born near Oak- 
ley, 111., July 15, 1881, and died at his 
home, Dec. 19, 1946. He became a member 
of the Church of the Brethren at the age 
of seventeen. He is survived by his wife, 
Corda, one daughter and one sister. Fu- 
neral services were conducted by Bro. 
Merlin Garber of Champaign, 111., in the 
Oakley church, and interment was in the 
West Frantz cemetery. — Idabelle Hood, 
Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Browning, Kay Francis, Infant daughter 
of Ethel and Frank Browning, died on 
Nov. 30, 1946, at the age of one week. 
Graveside services were conducted on 
Dec. 1 by Bro. W. T. Heckman in the 
West Frantz cemetery. — Idabelle Hood, 
Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Butts, Jennie, wife of William Butts, 
was born Aug. 15. 1885, and died Nov. 
23, 1946, at her home near Newburg, Pa. 
She is survived by nine children, eleven 
grandchildren and one great-grandchild. 
She was a faithful member of the Ridge 
church for more than twenty-four years. 
Funeral services were conducted by her 
pastor, Bro. Robert Cocklin, at the Van 
Scyoc funeral home in Shippensburg, and 
burial was in the Spring Hill cemetery at 
Shippensburg. — Mrs. John Booz, Ship- 
pensburg. Pa. 

Coy, Ethel, wife of Wallace Coy, was 
bom July 21, 1911, and died Dec. 17, 1946, 
at her home in Shippensburg, Pa. She 
is survived by her husband and five chil- 
dren. She joined the Church of the Breth- 
ren in June 1933. Funeral services were 
held in the Van Scyoc funeral home by 
her pastor, Bro. Robert Cocklin, assisted 
by Rev. Dale Kline. Burial was in the 
Spring Hill cemetery.— Mrs. John Booz, 
Shippensburg, Pa. 

Crlpe, John Nicholas, son of Isaac C. 
and Mary Frantz Cripe, was born near 
North Manchester, Ind., Sept. 5, 1871, and 
died Dec. 25, 1946. On Jan. 2, 1892, he 
was united in marriage to Florence Boblet 
and to this union were born two daugh- 
ters and one son. He is survived by his 
wife, three children, six grandchildren. 
five great-grandchildren, one sister and 
one brother. He became a Christian early 
In life and for a number of years was a 
member of the West Manchester church. 
Funeral services were held at the West 
Manchester church by Bro. T. G. Weaver 
and his pastor, Bro. Kenneth HolUnger, 
and burial was in the Pleasant Hill ceme- 
tery near by.— Mrs. Dollie Wolfe, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

Deolor, Cora Lee, was born near Ha- 
gerstown. Ind., June 22, 1871, and died 
Nov. 6, 1946. At the age of fourteen years 
she united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren and was a faithful member until 
death. She is survived by two sisters and 
six nephews.— Arthur A. Dines, Hagers- 
town, Ind. 

Denllng«r, Elmer K., died Oct. 22, 1946, 
at the age of thirty-nine years at the Gen- 
eral hospital in Lancaster, Pa. On Dec. 
17, 1932, he was married to Kathryn A. 
Good. Surviving are his wife, two sons, 
his parents and one brother. He was a 

loyal member of the church, serving as a 
teacher of intermediate boys, a member 
of the missionary committee, and an 
usher. Funeral services were held at the 
Bareville church by Bro. Paul D. Wenger, 
and burial was in Mellingers cemetery 
east of Lancaster. — Sara G. Sheaffer, 
Bareville, Pa. 

Fink, J. D., died at his home in Cerro 
Gordo on Nov. 12, 1946. He was a member 
of the Oakley Church of the Brethren. He 
is survived by his wife, Nora, two sons 
and two daughters. Funeral services were 
held in the Cerro Gordo church, and in- 
terment was in the Cerro Gordo ceme- 
tery.— Idabelle Hood. Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Fulk, Carrie May, daughter of Willijun 
and Malinda Ervin, was born near Hidal- 
go. 111., Dec. 11. 1876, and died in the De- 
catur and Macon County hospital, Dec. 
12, 1946. She and her husband became 
members of the Oakley Church of the 
Brethren several years ago. Her husband, 
James W. Fulk, preceded her in death on 
Aug. 13, 1941. She is survived by two 
sons and two daughters. Funeral serv- 
ices were held at the Oakley church by 
Bro. W. T. Heckman and Elder D. J. 
Blickenstaflf, and interment was in the 
Cerro Gordo cemetery. — Idabelle Hood, 
Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Heckman, Joyce Arlene, daughter of 
H. Clayton and Lanah Keller Heckman, 
was born Nov. 27, 1943, and died Nov. 15, 
1946, at her home. She is survived by her 
parents and one brother. Funeral serv- 
ices were held at the home by Bro. Clar- 
ence Hunsberger, assisted by Bro. Abram 
Eshelman. Burial was in the St. Thomas 
cemetery. — Clarence Hunsberger, Mer- 
cersburg, Pa. 

Heusinkveld, Amanda Marilla, daughter 
of J. H. F. and Hannah Shook, was born 
Sept. 5, 1893, and died Nov. 15, 1946, at 
the St. Mary's hospital in Rochester, 
Minn. She was a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren from her child- 
hood. On Sept. 27, 1916, she was united 
in marriage to Ed Heusinkveld. Surviv- 
ing are her husband, her mother, two 
sons, two daughters, two sisters and three 
brothers. Funeral services were held in 
the Root River church by Bro. James 
Ford and Rev. J. F. Souders, and inter- 
ment was in the church cemetery. — Mrs. 
Rebecca Alexander, Preston, Minn. 

Kln^, Dora E. Zepp. wife of W. Robert 
King of York, Pa., was born March 2, 
1884, and died Dec. 21, 1946. She was a 
faithful member of the First church. She 
is survived by her husband, three sons, 
three daughters and two sisters. Funeral 
services were held at the First church by 
the undersigned and J. J. Bowser, and 
burial was in the Mummerts church cem- 
etery. — Bernard N. King, York, Pa. 

King, Lester, died Nov. 16, 1946, as the 
result of a motorcycle accident, at the 
age of twenty-four years. He was a 
member of the First church at York. He 
is survived by his wife, the former Char- 
lotte Ruppert, three children, his father. 
W. Robert King, three brothers and three 
sisters. Funeral services were held by 
his pastor, the undersigned, and Rev. 
Martin of the Menges Mills Mennonite 
church. Burial was at the Stoney Brook 
Mennonite church. — Bernard N. King, 
York, Pa. 

Kuns, Daniel Oscar, was born near 
Eaton, Ohio, on July 25, 1860, and died at 
his home in Waterford, Calif., on Dec. 9, 
1946. On Jan. 22, 1880, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary Boomershine, who 
preceded him in death, in March 1909. 
Five children were born to this union, one 
of whom died in infancy. In 1910 he was 
united in marriage to Anna Catherine 
Minnich. Two children were born to this 
union, both of whom preceded him in 
death. At the age of twenty-eight he 
united with the Church of the Brethren. 
In 1903 he assisted in the organization of 
the first Sunday-school of the Church of 
the Brethren in Arlington. Here he 
served for a long time as teacher and 
superintendent. Later in life he taught 
in the Brookville church school. He 
served as treasurer and on various boards 
and committees and at the time of his 
death he was church janitor. He Is sur- 

vived by his wife, three sons, one daugh- 
ter, sixteen grandchildren, five great- 
grandchildren and one brother. Services 
were held in the Waterford church by 
Elder F. E. Miller. Then the body was 
returned to Brookville. Ohio, where final 
rites were in charge of Brethren Roy B. 
Teach. Ray O. Shank and Phillip Lauver. 
The body was interred in the Parish cem- 
etery at Arlington. — Ray O. Shank, Cov- 
ington, Ohio. 

LanleT, Goldie Mae, daughter of George 
and Martha Elkins, was born May 5, 1899, 
in Argenta, 111., and died Dec. 24, 1946, in 
the family home in Argenta. She was a 
member of the Oakley Church of the 
Brethren. She is survived by her hus- 
band, one son and one daughter. Funeral 
services were held in Argenta by Bro. 
W. T. Heckman, and interment was in 
the Friends Creek cemetery. — Idabelle 
Hood, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Maslerson, Harry Hugh, son of Samuel 
S. and Mattie Bishop Masterson, was born 
in Lancaster County. Pa.. July 19. 1873, 
and died at his home near La Mesa, Calif., 
Nov. 23, 1946. In early childhood his fam- 
ily moved to Illinois, where he became a 
member of the Church of the Brethren, 
to which he was faithful until death. On 
Nov. 24, 1904. he was united in marriage 
with Vida Brubaker. and to this union 
were born three children. He is survived 
by his wife and children, three sisters 
and one brother. He was keenly interest- 
ed in community and world affairs and 
loved nature, literature and beauty in all 
forms. — Charles Forror. San Diego, Calif. 

Meals, Ernest J., died Dec. 28, 1946, at 
the York hospital, at the age of sixty-eight 
years. His wife, Millie Meals, preceded 
him in death on April 27, 1946. He is 
survived by his daughter, two brothers 
and one sister. Funeral services were held 
at the Guy B. Creep funeral home by the 
undersigned, and burial was in the Green- 
mont cemetery at York. — Bernard N. 
King. York, Pa. 

Meckley, Elizabeth L.. daughter of the 
late Elias and Catherine Ebersole, was 
born in Lebanon County, Pa., and died 
at the home of her daughter in Palmyra. 
Pa., Dec. 13. 1946. She was a faithful 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for many years. Mrs. Meckley was twice 
married. Her first husband, John Adam 
Keefer, died thirty years ago. She is svir- 
vived by two daughters, three sons, seven 
grandchildren, three great-grandchildren 
and one brother. Funeral services were 
held in the Palmyra church by Elder F. 
S. Carper and burial was in the Spring 
Creek cemetery at Hershey, Pa. — Mrs. Ir- 
win A. Allwein, Palmyra, Pa. 

Miller, Margaret Frey, daughter of 
Clarence C. and the late Christie Miller 
Frey and the wife of Chester Emerson 
MUler, died Oct. 25, 1946, at the Westside 
hospital in York, Pa., at the age of thirty- 
six years. She is survived by her hus- 
band, father, stepmother, one sister and 
one brother. Early in life she became a 
member of the Mennonite church. Fu- 
neral services were conducted at her fa- 
ther's home in York by the undersigned, 
and burial was in the York Road ceme- 
tery near Hanover. Pa. — Bernard N. King, 
York. Pa. 

Miller, Milton M., son of Aaron B. and 
Martha Huffman Miller, was born in Lake 
Township. Kosciusko County. Ind.. March 
9. 1879. and died Dec. 23. 1946. He was 
united in marriage to Mary Eva Ross on 
Dec. 29. 1900. and to this union were born 
two children. He united with the Spring 
Creek church in November 1907. He is 
survived by his wife, two children, a 
grandchild and a sister. Funeral servic- 
es were held in the Spring Creek church 
by the undersigned, and burial was in the 
near-by cemetery. — Leonard Custer, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

Morlock, Harry Lloyd, son of Joseph 
and Stella Morlock, was born In West 
Township. Ind.. May 10. 1893. and died 
Nov. 21. 1946. On March 5. 1916. he was 
married to Miss Dora Neidlinger. To this 
union was born one daughter, who pre- 

JANUARY 18, 1947 


notice of price change... 

COOKBOOK is now $1.50 per copy 

Many have marveled at the low price maintained on the Grand- 
daughter's Inglenook Cookbook! A 320-page book packed with 
proved recipes at a half or a third asked for many cookbooks! But 
now, with paper up fully lOO^c? over prewar costs, and other items 
in proportion, we have had to place a new price on the Grand- 
daughter's Inglenook Cookbook. As announced in the Dec. 14, 
1946, Messenger, the price is now $1.50 per copy; when purchased 
in quantity for resale, the price is $13.00 per dozen. 

Order your books and church-s<diool supplies from — 


ceded him in death on Nov. 22, 19?3. As 
a young man, he was an active Christian, 
becoming a Sunday-school teacher and 
later a church trustee. He is survived by 
his wife, his mother and one sister. — ^Mrs. 
Alma E. Hanawalt, Pierceton, Ind. 

Myex, Emma A. Buffenmyer, died at her 
home, Nov. 29, 1946, at the age of sixty- 
four years. She became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren on Nov. 3, 1898, 
and served faithfully until death. She 
spent much time in quilting and doing 
work for the aid society as long as her 
health permitted. On Oct. 10, 1899, she 
was married to Elder Diller S. Myer, who 
survives together with four children, 
twelve grandchildren, three great-grand- 
children, one sister and three brothers, 
funeral services were held at the Bare- 
ville church by Brethren Paul D. Wenger, 
Abram Hess and Harry Wolgemuth, and 
burial was in the adjoining cemetery. — 
Sara G. Sheaffer, Bareville, Pa. 

Rench, Bertha Viola, died at her home, 
Dec. 6, 1946, at the age of sixty-seven 
years. She became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren at an early age 
and remained faithful until death. She 
is survived by her husband, Elmer Rench, 
one son, her father, Daniel M. Stauffer, 
and three sisters. Funeral services were 
held in the First Church of the Brethren 
at Los Angeles by the undersigned, assist- 
ed by Bro. William Wertenbaker of La 
Verne. Interment was in the Inglewood 
cemetery. — Fred A. Flora, Los Angeles, 

Thaoher, Elizabeth, daughter of John 
and Bernadena Grooteboer, was born in 
Alto, Wis., in 1852. She was married to 
Daniel Thacher in 1873. To this union four 
sons were born. She also cared for three 
stepchildren and a foster daughter. Sur- 
viving are three sons, five grandchildren 
and four great-grandchildren. She was 
a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren for fifty years. Funeral servic- 
es were held in the Root River church by 
Bro. James Ford, apd burial was in the 
church cemetery. — Mrs. Rebecca Alexan- 
der, Preston, Minn. 

Truslow, John L., died at his home, Dec. 
24, 1946, at the age of seventy-eight years. 
He had been married fifty-eight years and 
to this union were born seventeen chil- 
dren, six of I whom are deceased. He had 
been a member of the Church of the 
Brethren since 1893. Funeral services 
were conducted at the home by the pas- 
tor. — ^Mrs. H. C. Eller, Buena Vista, Va. 

Wierbach, Samuel Clinton, son of 
Charles Penrose and Mary Ann Frey 
Wierbach, was born in Lehigh County, 
Pa., Oct. 19, 1869, and died July 11, 1946. 
When a young man he came to Muncie, 
Ind., as a steel worker. There he was 
married to Carrie Studebaker. To this 



union were born seven children. He unit- 
ed with the Church of the Brethren. He 
came to California with his family about 
fifteen years ago. They resided in Los 
Angeles and were members of the Cal- 
vary Church of the Brethren. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, seven children, one 
sister, one brother and six grandchildren, 
Funeral services were held at the Pierce 
Brothers mortuary in Los Angeles by Bro. 
David Waas, and burial was in the Ingle- 
wood cemetery. — H. L. Ruthrauff, Los An- 
geles, Calif. 

Church News . . . 


Reedl«y. — ^We enjoyed having the Em- 
manuel quartet of Dinuba one Sunday 
evening in October. On Oct. 24 Brb. Paul 
Daugherty of La Verne College visited 
our church in the interest of the college; 
an offering was taken for the college. 
Our ladies' aid sent a box of Christmas 
gifts to Puerto Rico. Ervin Warkentin, 
who spent some time in Puerto Rico, 
showed us pictures of the country, the 
people, and the mission buildings of the 
Friends, the Mennonites and the Brethren 
located there. On Nov. 10 the Gideons 
presented their work and an offering was 
lifted for them. The women of the church 
took charge of the Sunday evening serv- 
ices recently. Their program consisted 
of music, poems, meditation and a sound 
picture. Who Is My Neighbor? On Nov. 
24 our annual harvest Thanksgiving serv- 
ice and dinner were held at the church. 
The offering amounted to $1,323.47. Dur- 
ing the week of Thanksgiving Bro. Paul 
S. Longenecker of Lindsay, Bro. Fred 
Brunk of Laton, Bro. Bruce Flora of 
Reedley, and Rev. Charles French, pastor 
of the Corona Baptist church, spoke. Mr. 
G. E. Goodson of the Fresno national 
safety council was the speaker at our 
men's brotherhood dinner. We are start- 
ing a leadership training school at the 
beginning of the new year. Dr. Don Bailey 
presented the church with a sanctuary 
cross in memory of his father. Our love 
feast was held on Dec. 2. A new gas 
furnace and a cement walk have been 
added to the church recently, — Orpha 
Dunker, Reedley, Calif. 


Haxtun. — Our ladies' aid sent two large 
boxes of clothing for foreign relief. Union 
Thanksgiving services were held at our 
church on the evening of Nov. 27. The 
main speaker was Rev. Paul K. Corley, 
pastor of the local Methodist church, as- 
sisted by our pastor. There was a good 
attendance and the offering amounted to 
$58.60. On Dec. 11 our ladies' aid held 
its annual Christmas party and gift ex- 
change in the church parlors with Sister 
Ida Laursen in charge of the devotions. 

On Dec. 15 we had a basket dinner at the 
church followed by our quarterly council 
meeting. It was decided to hold a revival 
later on and to have a family night after 
the holidays. Our pastor and his wife 
handed in their resignation because of 
Sister Laursen's health. Mr. Guy, a rep- 
resentative of the Gideons Bible Associa- 
tion of America, was the guest speaker 
at our morning service on Dec. 15. — Mrs. 
Warren D. C. Wood, Haxtun, Colo. 

Naimpa. — During the months of October, 
November and December special emphasis 
has been placed on the family, the young 
people and the children in the Sunday- 
school worship service. The first Sunday 
of each month throughout the year is 
known as family Sunday. On this Sunday 
the whole family meets in the sanctuary 
for a special worship service. The pastor 
gives chalk talks to the boys and girls. 
Our annual home-coming on Oct. 20 was a 
day of happy fellowship. We were privi- 
leged to have Bro. Raymond R. Peters of 
Elgin speak to us one Sunday in October, 
following the district Christian education 
convention at Fruitland. A district wom- 
en's rally was held at the Nampa church 
on Nov. 7. Mrs. E. D. McKune, wife of 
the local Presbyterian minister, gave an 
enlightening talk on India. A carload of 
heifers was shipped from Nampa in No- 
vember, part of the total shipment to go 
to our mission station in China. Bro. M. 
S. Frantz preached for us in the absence 
of Bro. F. H. Barr, our pastor. Bro. Frantz 
has been directing a series of classes in 
home foundations for the young people. 
The men's group had charge of the morn- 
ing worship service on home missions 
Sunday. An all-church Thanksgiving so- 
cial was held on Nov. 22. Austin Eiler 
attended the meeting at New Windsor for 
Brethren Service Committee representa- 
tives. The Christmas cantata. The Christ- 
mas Story, was presented by the choir, 
and the children gave a program at the 
morning worship service on Dec. 22. 
Since our last report, three have been 
added to the church by letter. — Mrs. Roy 
S. Parker, Nampa, Idaho. 

Martins Creek. — ^We have Sunday school 
and morning and evening preaching serv- 
ices each Sunday. The attendance is ex- 
cellent and our small church is growing. 
Our enrollment is fifty-three. For over 
three years we have served dinner at the 
church the fourth Sunday of each month 
to celebrate the birthdays in that month. 
In November we had a Thanksgiving 
service and program in the afternoon. 
The church is planning a Christmas pro- 
gram, and boxes are to be sent to the old 
folks in the community who are not able 
to come to church. — Mrs. Roy A. HoUing- 
er, Fairfield, 111. 


Center. — The work at our church has 
been going well. Last year we suffered 
a large loss in membership because of 
members moving away. We have just 
concluded a fine revival service conducted 
by Bro. H. R. Myers. Two couples were 
received into the church by baptism. 
Four others were received by letter. Re- 
cently our pastor, Wesley Brubajjer, was 
installed in the ministry. We have start- 
ed a building fund with which we plan 
to purchase a pastoral farm. The ladies' 
aid has been very active in gathering 
clothing and making comforters for re- 
lief. The young people's class is raising 
a heifer for relief. At our fall council 
the pastor was re-elected for another 
year. Bro. John Stump was re-elected 
elder. The B.YJ'.D. was organized re- 
cently. We are starting ^ class for the 
study of church doctrines. — Wesley Bru- 
baker, Walkerton, Ind. 

Huntington. — During the year ending 
Oct. 1 our church received fifty-one into 
our membership by letter and baptism. 
Bro. Wayne Carr spent two weeks with 
us in an evangelistic effort which resulted 
in twelve accessions to the church. Our 
former parsonage has been converted into 
a parish house for extra Sunday-school 

rooms, recreational purposes and social 
affairs. It was dedicated recently with 
an afternoon program and open house. 
Our new electric organ was dedicated re- 
cently with a combined candlelight serv- 
ice and organ concert skillfully rendered 
by Bro. Max Allen of Manchester College. 
Mrs. Effie Priddy is serving the church as 
full-time parish assistant and music direc- 
tor. At the recent council a budget of 
$8,155 was presented and approved. A 
children's program was presented on Dec. 
22 and in the evening the play, Ye Who 
Sit by the Fire, was given. A young peo- 
ple's rally will be held here on the last 
Sunday of December, and a committee is 
arranging a watch-night program and en- 
tertainment. The January fellowship guild 
meeting will have as guest speakers two 
of our missionaries, Laura Shock and 
Grace Clapper. The church women are 
sewing garments for Russian relief. — Mary 
Wike, Huntington, Ind. 

Kokomo. — Brother and Sister I. D. 
Leatherman were with us in meetings 
Nov. 5-17. On Dec. 1 our pastor, Bro. 
Robert A. Byerly, conducted a consecra- 
tion service for seven children and their 
parents. In the afternoon of Dec. 1, five 
persons were baptized. Eight persons have 
been received by letter during November 
and December. Our congregation met in 
regular council on Dec. 9. Bro. Russell L. 
Showalter was re-elected presiding elder 
for another year and Bro. John Richard 
Steiner was re-licensed to the ministry 
for another year. A district Christian 
education conference was conducted in 
our church on Nov. 9, with Bro. Edward 
K. Ziegler of North Manchester as the 
guest speaker. Our church contributes to 
the weekday Bible instruction in the pub- 
lic schools of our city and county. We 
are always glad to know of Brethren fam- 
ilies who move into this industrial center 
of central Indiana. — Mrs. Lela Ebersole, 
Kokomo, Ind. 

Pleasant Chapel. — ^We held our evan- 
gelistic meeting Oct. 27 — Nov. 10, with 
Brother and Sister Charles Oberlin from 
Peru, Ind., as the evangelists. Thirteen 
accepted Christ. Our women's work or- 
ganization is still doing relief work. 
They purchased Venetian blinds for 
the church. They also sent twenty-two 
dollars to the American Bible Society for 
a set of Bible concordances for a blind 
minister. Our young people harvested 
110 pounds of soup beans for relief. One 
of our members, John Brand, left the 
latter part of October with a boatload of 
horses for Greece. Our children will 
give a short Christmas program on Dec. 
22. We gave an offering for the Manches- 
ter College boys' dormitory on Dec. 15. 
We had a Thanksgiving supper at our 
church with Sister Anna Warstler, mis- 
sionary on furlough from India, as the 
speaker. Our communion service was 
held on Monday evening following the 
close of our meetings. — Mrs. Ocie Ham- 
man, Corunna, Ind. 

Pyrmont. — Brother and Sister Robert 
Sink, who served this church as pastors 
for seven years, took up the pastorate of 
the Mexico church; on Nov. 1 Brother 
and Sister Grover Wine came into our 
midst and assumed the pastoral duties of 
the church. During the two months we 
were without a pastor. Brother and Sister 
Albert Harshbarger of Buck Creek, Ind., 
served as pastors. On Nov. 10 a dinner 
was served in the church basement in 
honor of the work they did and as a 
welcome to Brother and Sister Wine. Our 
all-day harvest meeting was held in Octo- 
ber with Bro. Charles Oberlin of Peru as 
the guest speaker. The missionary offer- 
ing taken at this meeting amounted to 
$380. On Dec. 6 we met in regular coun- 
cil meeting with Bro. Robert Sink pre- 
siding. At this meeting Bro. Wine was 
elected as our elder and the writer was 
chosen church correspondent. We de- 
cided to support the ministerial pension 
plan. We have the 100% Messenger club. 
The ladies' work was recently organized 
and the women are doing relief sewing. 
The young people are preparing a Christ- 
mas program to be given on the evening 

Send for your copy of the new . . . 

catalog for church workers 

This year's edition of the catalog combines what were formerly the 
Brethren Publishing House Catalog, General Boards Literature Catalog, 
List of Plays for Church Groups and Visual Aids Catalog. Here are 
176 pages of information compiled for your interest and convenience. 
Copies are free and yours as long as they last. 


Please send me a copy of your new Catalog for Church Workers, Church of the 


St. or R.D. 

P. O 



of Dec. 22. — Miss Uda Wagoner, Delphi, 

Salem. — We held our annual council 
meeting recently with Elder Galen Bow- 
man presiding. Bro. Ben Cross was re- 
tained as pastor. Sunday-school and 
church officers were also elected for the 
coming year. Our harvest meeting was 
well attended. Our revival services were 
conducted by Brother and Sister B. D. 
Hirt of Monticello. Two united with the 
church and one will be baptized later. A 
special meeting was called in November to 
discuss repairing the church and as a 
result of this meeting the repair work and 
remodeling has been started. A Christ- 
mas program is in progress with Miss 
Joyce Cross helping the children. — Mrs. 
Helen S. Fehringer, Culver, Ind. 

West Manchester. — We lifted a special 
offering for the Onekama, Mich., church. 
An offering raised for a young minister 
was $122.21. The children's department 
packed two boxes of toys for Puerto Rico 
under the supervision of Ruby Hoover. 
Bro. I. R. Berry of Ohio was with us in 
November in a two weeks' revival meet- 
ing. Two were received into the church. 
Twenty men gathered at the church farm 
and picked 500 bushels of corn and then 
sowed the field with rye. The rural life 
committee and the trustees of the church 
are working with the men of the soil con- 
servation department to conserve and 
build up the soil of the church farm. At 
our late council we discussed a five-year 
plan to manage the farm. On Thanksgiv- 
ing Day we met at the church at ten 
o'clock for a short service. The children 
brought a message in song and the pastor 
delivered the sermon. The offering ^ent 
to the support of two of our student min- 
isters who are now in Bethany Seminary. 
We met in council Dec. 5 with Elder T. G. 
Weaver in charge. One was received by 
letter and four letters were granted. Our 
fall communion was held on the evening 
of Oct. 4 with an all-day meeting and a 
basket dinner at noon. We will purchase 
a new mimeograph machine. We decided 
to open our homes and our church to the 
Old Order Brethren during the spring An- 
nual Conference. Our aid society mailed 
thirteen Christmas packages to Europe. 
They are making baby dresses and aprons. 
During the year they made forty-five 
comforters, forty lumberjackets, twenty- 
nine baby outing-flannel gowns and twen- 
ty-four dresses for relief. Total dona- 
tions for the year were $314. In October 
they entertained the aid society from the 
West Eel River church at an all-day meet- 
ing. Several from our church are plan- 
ning to attend the rural life conference at 
Earlham College In Richmond, Ind.. on 
Dec. 10.— DoUle Wolfe, North Manchester, 


South English. — On the evening of Nov. 
3 the men's ensemble gave a sacred con- 
cert, Pilgrim's Progress. Bro. Leland 
Flory has been licensed to preach and has 
already delivered some good sermons. 
Bro. Harley A. Yates was installed into 
the ministry on Dec. 8. He and his wife 
will take up pastoral duties at the Fair- 
view church near Udell soon after the 
first of the year. The Thanksgiving Day 
program was in charge of the men's or- 
ganization. The offering will be used for 
home mission work in the Southern Dis- 
trict of Iowa. On the evening of Dec. 8 
Sister W. H. Brower was in charge of a 
missionary program on Africa. We are 
sorry that Brother and Sister Carr have 
asked to be relieved of their pastoral 
duties at this place. They are leaving the 
first of March. We feel that the church 
has grown under their able leadership. — 
Virgil Coflfman, South English, Iowa. 


Independence. — At our regular council 
meeting it was decided to increase our 
pastor's salary ten per cent. Our ladies' 
work group reorganized on Oct. 10. At 
our father and son banquet on Oct. 16 Bro. 
Cleo Beery, our elder, led the singing 
and Bro. G. A. Zook, our district secre- 
tary, delivered the message. Our love 
feast was held Oct. 29, with Bro. L. A. 
Walker, our pastor, officiating. Brother 
and Sister Walker represented the church 
at the district meeting held in the Mont 
Ida church. On Dec. 7 our ladies' aid held 
their bazaar, which netted about eighty 
dollars. They have also quilted one large 
quilt and one baby quilt, made eight large 
comforters and one baby comforter, 
mended 100 relief garments and salvaged 
fourteen pairs of shoes. Since our last 
report the church has given $100 for re- 
lief. Choral singing is planned for the 
hymn sing on Dec. 22. Our Christmas 
program will be held on the morning of 
Dec. 22. — W. E. Burroughs, Independence, 

Quinter. — At our recent council meet- 
ing Sunday-school and church officers 
were elected for the coming year. Bro. 
Floyd Crist was elected elder. District 
meeting was held in our church Oct. 18-20. 
Our love feast was held on the evening 
of Oct. 27. Our pastor held a two 
weeks' meeting in the Pleasant Plains 
church at Aline, Okla. On Nov. 24 Jack 
Kough and his wife told us about the 
juvenile project in northeast Salina. The 
Quinter union Thanksgiving Day service 
was held on Nov. 28 at the Reformed 
Presbyterian church with Bro. Zook as 

JANUAHY 18. 1947 


^an, $2 yo44, Ga4t Qet a GofHf o^ 



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authorized revision of the American Standard Version of 1901 
and the King James Version of 1611. 

This version embodies the accuracy of the American Standard 
Version along with the enduring diction, simplicity, and rhyth- 
mic beauty of the King James Version, and presents an illumi- 
nating text for Christian readers who insist on God's truth as he 
revealed it. 

Leather bindings, in addition to cloth binding, are planned 
for June, 1947; and the Old Testament, stiU in the process of 
revision, is planned for publication in the complete Bible in 1950. 
At present the New Testament only is available m cloth at $2.00 
per copy. The demand for it has been so heavy that we beg you 
to be patient if there is delay in filling your order. 

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Elgin, Illinois 

the speaker. On Dec. 1 five young people 
from McPherson College filled the pulpit. 
The women of the church are still busy 
on Thursdays, sewing and canning for re- 
lief. On Dec. 6 the ladies held their ba- 
zaar. — ^Emma Ulrieh, Qulnter, Kansas. 

Grossnickles. — The men's Bible class 
sponsored a relief project. Fourteen new 
pairs of overalls and 184 pounds of used 
clothing were given. The primary class 
gave eighty-eight pounds of toys, books 
and colors to the undernourished children 
in a hospital in Holland, where Sister 
Martha Rupel is nursing. Our church gave 
$300 for the wheat project. The women 
of our church have done quite a bit of 
sewing; they gave more than 500 baby 
garments at a baby shower for relief. 
They canned 200 quarts of chicken and 
noodles and vegetable soup for foreign 
relief and 180 half -gallon jars of fruit 
and vegetables for home relief. Memorial 
services were held for Bro. Merle Leath- 
erman on Oct. 20. On Nov. 17 we lifted 
our Brethren' service offering for the last 
quarter, which amounted to $162.62. On 
Nov. 19 one of our members, Bro. Irving 
Stottelmyer, died. He was a long-time 
member of the Grossnickles church, serv- 
ing as minister of the Church of the 
Brethren at the Grossnickles, Myers- 
ville and Harmony churches for the past 
thirty-four years. We gave forty-five 
Christmas packages for overseas children. 
— Florence Leatherman, Myersville, Md. 

Maple Grove. — The district Sunday- 
school conference was held at our church 
with Bro. Jesse Whitacre bringing a very 
forceful message on Men and Millions for 
Christ. At our home-coming service two 
heifers for relief were brought and an 
outdoor dedication service was held. One 



of these heifers was a gift from Bro. Wil- 
bur Bowser in the name of the Bethesda 
Sunday school. The other one was a gift 
from the various organizations of our 
church. The aid members are busy quilt- 
ing one day each week; they are also mak- 
ing garments. They held a fellowship din- 
ner at the church recently after which a 
business meeting was held. Secret sisters 
were revealed and new ones were chosen. 
Our district meeting was held here on 
Oct. 12. Among the visitors present was 
Bro. J. I. Baugher, president of Bridge- 
water College. A two weeks' evangelistic 
meeting began Oct. 28, with Bro. Joseph 
Whitacre as the evangelist. Sister Whit- 
acre was with him during the last week 
of the meeting. Many homes were visited. 
Twelve were baptized and one awaits the 
rite. The meeting closed on Nov. 10 with 
our love feast service. — Mrs. Grace Resh, 
Grantsville, Md. 


Detroit, First. — Our anniversary service 
and the election of church and Sunday- 
school officers were held recently, Bro. 
Merlin Shull of Elgin, a former pastor, de- 
livering the address. Mr. and Mrs. Luther 
Williams were elected as delegates to the 
Detroit Council of Churches. Brother and 
Sister Prather celebrated their silver wed- 
ding anniversary recently. We observed 
world-wide communion on Oct. 6. Our 
annual fall festival was held Oct. 25. At 
this festival we raised $477.99 from the 
supper, bazaar and other projects. The 
men's group sponsored the drive for the 
supplemental ministerial and missionary 
fund, which totaled $261. The recently 
purchased movie projector has been used 
in Sunday-school class work. On Nov. 
17 a special Thanksgiving offering 
amounting to $173.32 was taken for re- 
lief. After the church service, a basket 
dinner was served in the dining room and 

a short program followed. The ladies' 
aid society had a Christmas party on Dec. 
4. The women have been very busy sew- 
ing for relief. During the past year they 
S.ent to New Windsor fifty new garments, 
fifty-one garments made by the aid, four 
blankets and three comforters. Other 
contributions of new and used garments 
and six comforters were sent to the 
Friends Society. The mothers' club and 
the Fidelis club also did some relief work 
besides their other activities. The annual 
silver tea will be held at the parsonage 
on Dec. 11. The choir is preparing a pro- 
gram to be given on Dec. 22, at which 
time the white-gift offering will be lifted. 
The North Manchester alumni held their 
meeting on Nov. 9 at the Rockham build- 
ing. — Mrs. Walter K. Gordon, Detroit, 

Sunfield. — We met in quarterly council 
on Sept. 8, and church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected. Bro. Barley Town- 
send of Battle Creek was re-elected elder 
for another year. A drive was made re- 
cently for wheat and oats for foreign re- 
lief. On Oct. 6 we had an all-day harvest 
meeting with communion at night. On 
Oct. 25, 26, 27 the church held a Bible 
institute with Brethren David Schechter 
and David Wieand as instructors. On 
Nov. 24 our Thanksgiving offering, 
amounting to $92, was lifted for home 
missions. The ladies' aid has been sew- 
ing for relief. They also held a sale re- 
cently which netted $97.56. The church 
has as yet not been able to secure a reg- 
ular pastor. A Christmas pageant will be 
presented by the young people. — Mrs. Ver- 
na Cheal, Sunfield, Mich. 

Afton. — Our church held its annual 
council in October, with our elder, Bro. 
D. G. Wine, presiding. Church and Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. Wine was re-elected 
elder. Our district meeting was held in 
our church Oct. 11-14. Our pastor, Bro. 
W. R. Hoover, and his family have gone 
to Chicago, where Bro. Hoover will at- 
tend school for six months. We are hav- 
ing our fellowship meetings every four 
weeks if possible. Brother and Sister 
Baldwin of Lincoln, Nebr., were with us 
Dec. 7 and 8. He gave an interesting pro- 
gram of pictures to our church on the 
evening of Dec. 7 and on Sunday morning 
he preached the sermon. After the basket 
dinner in the church basement, Bro. 
Baldwin told us of their work in Lincoln 
and their plans for erecting a new church 
building, which is much needed. Our 
elder plans to supply a minister for us 
once a month during our pastor's ab- 
sence. — ^Nellie Garman, Cambridge, Nebr. 


Akron. — Bro. C. D. Bonsacl* was guest 
speaker at a recent meeting of the men's 
work at our church. Bro. Lloyd Hoffman 
was the speaker at both services on Man- 
chester day. Brother and Sister I. D. 
Leatherman conducted our fall evan- 
gelistic meetings. Music and pictures were 
a part of the services. An impressive 
candlelight service climaxed the meet- 
ings. Seven have been received by bap- 
tism and four by letter. At our last coun- 
cil it was decided that we assume sup- 
port of John Detrick, who is a missionary 
to China. A building committee has been 
chosen to consult with Bro. C. H. Dear- 
dorff and present plans for repairing and 
remodeling our church. Naomi Hoch- 
stein was the winner of the Prince of 
Peace declamation contest. Since our 
last report Harlan Grubb and Ivan Fry 
have been ordained to the ministry. Bro. 
Grubb is now pastor of the Center church 
at Louisville. — Edna Disler, Akron, Ohio. 

Bradford. — Bro. J. O. Winger held a two 
weeks' revival Nov. 17 — Dec. 1. As a re- 
sult of the meetings seventeen were bap- 
tized, one was received by letter and one 
by former baptism and one was recon- 
secrated. Our communion was held Dec. 
2 following the close of the meetings. A 
community Thanksgiving service was 
held at our church the night before 
Thanksgiving with Jlev. Allen Baker of 

the Wesleyan Methodist church as the 
speaker. This fall the church Installed 
tower music and a loud-speaking system 
that can be used when needed. The 
recorded music can also be used In the 
church when desired. We feel that it has 
its value in making the community more 
church conscious. The women of the 
church have been sewing for relief and 
preparing for a bazaar which will be held 
Dec. 11. The Sunday-school and church 
officers were elected at our August coun- 
cil. Elder John M. Stover was re-elected 
our church elder. — Mrs. Roy L. Miller, 
Bradford, Ohio. 

Brookville. — The new Sunday-school 
teachers and officers were installed re- 
cently. On Oct. 1 a conference for work- 
ers and officers of the Sunday school was 
held in the church basement. Samples 
of Sunday-school helps were presented 
and a very helpful address was given by 
Bro. Robert Sherfy of the New Carlisle 
church. In the absence of the pastor on 
Oct. 6 Bro. Daniel Weimer delivered the 
morning sermon and Bro. Harold Helstern 
delivered the evening message. Our com- 
munion service was held on Nov. 17. On 
Nov. 12 the annual mother and daughter 
birthday sale was held and on Dec. 10 the 
women held their Christmas party. On 
Nov. 20 the women of the church met 
for a day of relief sewing with a covered- 
dish dinner at noon. Each week either 
the aid society or the Dorcas society 
meets to sew. Revival services were held 
Nov. 20 — Dec. 1 with Brother and Sister 
I. D. Leatherman as the evangelists. On 
Dec. 8 twelve persons were baptized and 
one was received into the church mem- 
bership on former baptism. A union 
Thanksgiving service was held in our 
church with Bro. Leatherman delivering 
the message. The children and young peo- 
ple are planning Christmas services. — 
Vinna Helstern, Brookville, Ohio. 

Salem. — During the absence of our pas- 
tor, Bro. Sollenberger, the pulpit was 
filled by our elder, Bro. Gorrell, and by 
Harold Etter, one of our C.P.S. boys who 
served on a cattle boat to Europe. During 
the year our women made 447 garments 
and twenty-four comforters for relief. 
Used clothing valued at $760.65 was also 
donated. In addition, 4,431 tins of fruit 
and vegetables were prepared during the 
summer and autumn. Our oldest relief 
workers are two sisters aged ninety-two 
and ninety-one years, who are kept busy 
piecing quilt blocks which are made into 
comforters for the needy. At our mem- 
bers' meeting officers were elected for 
the coming year. Bro. Roy Teach, pastor 
of the Brookville church, was chosen eld- 
er and Mrs. Rachael Gillette, church cor- 
respondent. The church decided to sup- 
port a missionary on the foreign field 
from the Sunday-school offerings. Bro. 
J. Calvin Bright, under appointment to 
China, was selected as our representative. 
The Christmas cantata. Chimes of the 
Holy Night, is being prepared by our 
chorus under the direction of our pas- 
tor's wife and will be given during the 
Christmas season. — Mrs. Minnie F. Bright, 
Union, Ohio. 

SllvM Cp»«k.— We met in council re- 
cently to elect new officers for the com- 
ing year. George Throne was chosen as 
pastor and elder and the writer as church 
correspondent. The ladies* aid meets 
twice a month to sew, quilt and make 
things for relief. Some canning has been 
done. We decided to buy the Edward 
Throne home for a parsonage. The men's 
work harvested five acres of popcorn, 
amounting to seven tons, on the Guy 
Throne farm. Five heifers for relief have 
been shipped overseas by members and 
neighbors. Our fall series of meetings 
were held by Bro. Ross Noffsinger in 
October at the Walnut Grove house. One 
was baptized. Our fall love feast was 
held Nov. 24. On Dec. 10 we had a social 
evening at the Hickory Grove house. In- 
stead of a supper we served popcorn and 
apples and took an offering of what 
money would have been spent on food to 
be given for the parsonage. The offering 

amounted to about forty-three dollars. 

Mrs. Nettle Long, Pioneer, Ohio. 

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West Nimishillen. — At our fall council 
we elected church and Sunday-school offi- 
cers with our pastor, Bro. Edwin C. Petry, 
officiating in the absence of our elder, 
Bro. Wihner Petry. All but two of our 
young men have returned from the serv- 
ice. The ladies' aid is quilting, and sew- 
ing for relief. The men's work presented 
movies of Wayne Hostettler's trip to Eu- 
rope with relief cattle. They installed 
an electric pump at the church and paint- 
ed the church basement. On Oct. 9 we 
began Wednesday evening prayer servic- 
es. This group is going to start a Bible 
study course. On Oct. 29 we had our an- 
nual harvest meeting with an all-day 
service and a basket dinner at noon. Bro. 
J. Edson Ulery of Onekania, Mich., was 
the speaker for the three services. He 
also held our revival meetings Oct. 28 — 
Nov. 10. On Oct. 30 the men's work for 
this subdistrict met for a business meet- 
ing in our church. The women of the 
church had their annual party, at which 
their silent sisters were revealed. Our 
fall love feast was held on Nov. 30. Our 
young people and our men's work are tak- 
ing turns having charge of Sunday night 
services. The children of our Sunday 
school are working on their Christmas 
program to be presented on the morning 
of Dec. 22. The mixed chorus of the 
church is working on a Christmas cantata 
to be presented on the evening of the 
same day. — Ladene Myers, North Canton, 


Cherry Lane.— On Oct. 21 members of 
our church gathered at the parsonage to 
welcome our new pastor, Brother Guy S. 
and Sister Fern. The family received 
many useful gifts of fruit and vegetables. 

Brother and Sister Fern took up the work 
here on Oct. 1, succeeding Brother and 
Sister C. O. Beery, who had served us for 
eight years. The latter have now retired 
and taken up residence in Martinsburg, 
Pa. On Nov. 3 installation services were 
conducted for Bro. f>rn by Bro. Ernest 
Brumbaugh of Williamsburg, Pa. In the 
evening of Nov. 3 Bro. Fern began a week 
of evangelistic meetings prior to our love 
feast on Nov. 10. There was one addition 
to the church by letter. When the relief 
truck came on Nov. 11 an offering of 
canned goods, almost all of which was 
raised on the Lord's acre, was sent. On 
Nov. 7 and 8 the men of the church put a 
new roof on the parsonage. The ladies' 
missionary society sponsored a Thanks- 
giving service for all. A donation was 
given for the buying of Christmas toys for 
the children of Puerto Rico. — Glenn D. 
Klahre, Clearville, Pa. 

County Line. — Our council meeting was 
held recently with our elder, Bro. Galen 
Qlough, officiating; church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. Blough 
was re-elected elder. Our revivals were 
held recently with Bro. D. R. McFadden 
of Smithville, Ohio, as the evangelist. 
Twenty-two were baptized. Our love 
feast was held on Oct. 20. Our young 
people recently organized. We are now 
preparing for a Christmas program. — 
Olive M. Nedrow, Jones Mills, Pa. 

Shippensburg. — Our love feast was held 
on World-wide Communion Sunday. Del- 
egates to the district meeting were Mr. 
and Mrs. Luther Hall. The Huntsdale 
chorus had charge of the program on the 

JANUARY 18. 1947 


evening of Nov. 3. Bro. Ross Murphy 
filled the pulpit on Nov. 3 and 10 during 
the illness of the pastor. Our council 
meeting was held on Dec. 2. The congre- 
gation held a covered-dish dinner on the 
evening of Dec. 5, with Brother and Sis- 
ter Murphy as the guests of honor. Bro. 
J. Henry Long of Bethany Seminary 
brought the message on Dec. 1. On Dec. 
20 Brother and Sister Murphy held open 
house and home dedication. The pastor 
had charge of the dedication service. — 
Helen White, Shippensburg, Pa. 


Elk Run. — Following our morning wor- 
ship on Dec. 15, we met in regular quar- 
terly council with our elder, Bro. B. M. 
Flory, presiding. The conununity sale 
which was held at the Towers school on 
Dec. 7 for foreign relief proved to be a 
success. The proceeds amounted to more 
than $1,300. Our church with all the 
other churches in the community co-op- 
erated in this project. The young people 
present programs at the church the sec- 
ond and fourth Sunday nights of each 
month. They have taken as one of their 
projects the erection of an activity build- 
ing on the church property. The young 
people met jointly with the men's organ- 
ization at the home of Bro. Ivan Eagle and 
gave Brother and Sister Flory a Christmas 
shower. Our Christmas program, entitled 
Blue Angel, will be given at the church 
on the evening of Dec. 29. — Maude White- 
sel, Mt. Solon, Va. 

Mason Cove. — ^We have had a very en- 
couraging year. Our attendance has been 
very good. New families moving into our 
community keep our church growing. The 
women's work has been busy this year. 
They have made eleven quilts and thirty- 
six garments and bought draperies for 
the pulpit and a new heater for the audi- 
torium. Our pastor, Bro. A. H. Showalter, 
preaches for us every Sunday. We are 
hoping to do better work this coming 
year. — Julia Thomas, Salem, Va. 

Middle River. — We had family night at 
our church with a program of readings 
and games. At this time the men had a 
guest speaker to talk to them on men's 
work. Since that time they have organ- 
ized. Our women sponsored a relief show- 
er to which the people of the community 
were invited; $77.30, together with a nice 
collection of clothing and other articles, 
was received. In October, Bro. Reiman 
of the Waynesboro church held a week's 

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Messenger Circulation. Conference Budget Receipts and Brethren Service Receipts 
For years 1934 to 1946 (each year ending Feb. 28) 

"^^^^^" Gospel Messenger circulation 
■■iHi^iB Conference budget receipts 
llllllllillllllillllllllllll Brethren service receipts 

100% Gospel Messenger Clubs 325 435 507 537 621 

to P 

Si |» 

» IS 

a IS 

1934 1S3S 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 






■ As a church we ca;e fortunate to have an official organ, the Gospel 
Messenger, going into over 46,000 Brethren homes. 

A comparison of Messenger circulation. Conference budget returns 
and Brethren service giving shows a similarity that is interesting. 

If it is good to have the Messenger in 46,000 Brethren homes, why 
not a circulation of 50,000 in the golden anniversary year? 

• The 100% Messenger Club Plan provides that in congregations where 100% oi the 
resident family units receive the Gospel Messenger the rate will be $1.50 per subscription 
per year, cash with order. 

Subscribe now .... Organize your 100 per cent club now .... 

If more information is desired, please write 




meeting for us. As a result five were add- 
ed to the church. A training school for 
all ages was held on the Sunday evenings 
of November and December. Our pastor 
and his family, Brother and Sister How- 
ard Keiper, and their son, John David, 
have gone to Pottstown, Pa., to take up 
the work at the Coventry church. The 
Sunshine class sponsored an evening of 
entertainment on Nov. 25 in recognition 
of the services of Bro. Keiper and his 
family while in our midst. At present we 
have no pastor -but hope to secure one 
in the near future. The community 
Thanksgiving services were held in our 
church this year. An offering of $67.80 
was received for relief. A sum of $1,- 
157.56 was realized from our annual sup- 
per and acre-day project. The Sunshine 
class sponsored the redecorating and 
equipping of a mothers' room at the 
church. The primary room has also been 
greatly improved by the superintendent 
of that department. On Dec. 1 Brother 
and Sister Wright of our congregation 
celebrated their golden wedding anniver- 
sary by holding open house in the after- 
noon arid evening. Bro. Wright served 
us well as elder for a number of years. 
Our young people made soap for relief. 
They also sponsored Mr. Allen Roach, 
executive secretary of the Citizen's Tem- 
perance Foundation of Virginia, who 
showed two pictures. The Pay Off and Ten 
Nights in the Bar Room. He also deliv- 
ered a lecture at our church on Sunday 
morning. We held our quarterly council 
on the night of Dec. 2; the treasurer re- 
ported $1,168.08 in the treasury. — ^Mrs. D. 
P. Sandridge, New Hope, Va. i 

Peteirs Creek. — Bro. A. R. Showalter of 
Keyser, W. Va., held our fall revival and 
as a result four were baptized, one was 
received by letter and one was reinstated. 
Our love feast was held on World Com- 
munion Sunday. An installation service 
for the church officers was held on Oct. 
13. Bro. J. Clyde Forney is again serving 
as our elder. Our aid society has made 
some comforters for relief. We also made 
garments for Russian relief and canned 
a great deal of food for relief. Our 
Thanksgiving service was held on Nov. 
24 and a liberal offering was received. 
The B.Y.P.D. sponsored a banquet on 
Nov. 29. — Mrs. W. T. Plunkett, Roanoke, 

Tiopeco. — ^Bro. Raymon Eller of Bal- 
timore, Md., was in charge of our revival. 
Revival meetings were also held at Fair- 
view and Rock Hill by Brethren Kermit 
Flory and Everett Reed. Fourteen were 
baptized. Communion services were held 
at the church on Oct. 5, with Bro. Eller 
officiating. The young people's group pre- 
sented picture slides on alcohol. The 
women's group presented a peace pro- 
gram. Plans are being made by the young 
people to give a Christmas play. Our 
church council met with S. B. Alderman 
presiding. The women held their annual 
banquet and bazaar on Dec. 4. Approx- 
imately $213 was realized, which will go 
to help defray the parsonage debt. The 
women's group reorganized recently. A 
report Was given by Bro. It P. Flory, our 
pastor, of his activities during the past 
quarter. Our churches were represented 
at the round table which was held at 
Beaver Creek in November. — Leeta M. 
Weddle, Floyd, Va. 

Gospel Messenger 

Volume 96 

JANUARY 25. 1947 

Number 4 

7<3 ike Haffxj 7floilie>is oi ike Wod^ 

Happy mothers of the world, 
How bright your eyes are shining 
In your day of fullest joy! 
In your arms the goodly child 
Is so safe and happy too. 

Smiling mothers of our world, 
In your heart you surely know 
Both of joy and sorrow — 
But the joy is always greater 
Since you live by love and faith. 

Lovely mothers of our world. 
There is no bar of blood or race 
Where real beauty dwells within; 
For simple goodness of the heart 
Can glow upon the humblest face. 

Patient mothers of our world, 
We have been your heavy burden 
Through the ages and our years; 
But your eyes are shining still 
And your lips are smiling too. 

Precious mothers of the world. 

Under boughs so green and spreading. 

May our care surround you 

And the love of God enfold you 

Until all noblest hopes come true. 

H. A. B. 

Clnnual Qpiaia flumbel 

Daughter/ oi Premchond G. Bhagat and Her Baby 

Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, 111., as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

JANUARY 25, 1947 
Volume 96 Number 4 

Qvi litis TLumheh. . . . 

Editorial — 

Around the World (E.W.) 2 

Wherein Lies the Greatness of India's 

Church? Anetta C. Mow 3 

Can India Teach' the World? (D.W.B.) 3 

Thinking About the News (D.W.B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 

About Books .24 

Annual India Number-r- 

To the Happy Mothers of the World 

(Verse). H.A.B '. 1 

Future Mothers of India Are Hopeful ... 5 
I Am Ready to Be Used. Bhikhi Ukaji 5 

1 Came From a Christian Home. Vanita 
Jagabhai .• 6 

My People Are Not Christian. Kamala 

Vesta 6 

An Opportunity for Experimentation. 

D. J. Lichty 7 

Waiting for the New Order. C. G. ShuU 8 
A Love Feast in India. Kathryn Kiracofe 9 

Women's Institutes. Anna Lichty 11 

Experiences in Evangelism. Sadie J. 

Miller 12 

Some Surprises in India. Dorothy M. 

Brown 13 

The Joint Council. J. M. Blough 14 

Missions and Relief. L. A. Blickenstaff 18 
Progress of the Medical Work. Laura 

M. CottreU .' 19 

Brethron Service — 

Put an End to This? 20 

Children in the Rubble 20 

Grease for Peace 21 

Investors for Peace 21 

The Church at Work — 

How to Make a Community Survey. 
James H. Elrod 22 

With the Minister. H. L. Hartsough ... .22 


A>uuutdttte. WoM. 

The cost of living in some parts of 
Italy has increased thirty -two times 
over prewar levels. This compares 
with a rise in prices of one third to 
one half in the United States. 

Almost half of the population of 
Italy, a recent poll revealed, wants 
to migrate to some other country 
and establish permanent residence 
there. About forty per cent of those 
who want to leave desire to come 
to the United States. 

In five cities of Germany neigh- 
borhood centers are being estab- 
lished by the Quakers as part of a 
general self-help rehabilitation pro- 
gram. Facilities for clothing and 
shoe repair, recreation, and day care 
for mothers, children and the aged 
will be provided. German personnel 
will be in charge. 

A commission has been appointed 
in the Union of South Africa by the 
government's department of justice 
to study legal and social discrimina- 
tion against women, and to make 
recommendations for legislative re- 
forms. The move grew out of the 
many protests by women's organiza- 
tions which found harmful the vari- 
ous inequalities in marriage, guard- 
ianship of children, etc. 

The Gage Is Down 

The Christian Century of January 
1, 1947, said of President Truman's 
Advisory Commission on Military 

"The kind of sinidy in which such 
Tnen will engage is not the open- 
minded examination of this ques- 
tion of great public importance 
which is needed and which their 
appointment as a presidential com- 
mission, seems to portend." 

An example of the thinking of 
members of that commission is to 
be found in a talk delivered Jan. 19, 
1944, by Charles E. Wilson, presi- 
dent of General Electric and one of 
the nine m,embers of this advisory 
group. At that time Mr. Wilson 
said, "I know as you do that the 
revulsion against war not too long 
hence will be an almost insuperable 
obstacle for us to overcome in es- 
tablishing a preparedness program,, 
and for that reason I am convinced 
that we must begin now to set the 
machinery in inotion." 

For action suggestions see page 

Remember: A vote for conscrip- 
tion is a vote to weaken the United 

The National Christian Council of 

China in its first meeting since the 
close of the war has approved plans 
for a three-year nation-wide move- 
ment for evangelism to be launched 
in 1947. 

An increasing number of Ameri- 
can books, both fiction and nonfic- 
tion, are being published in Switzer- 
land in^ German language editions. 
French publishers are also bringing 
out a great number of translations 
of U. S. books. 

More than 70,000 undernourished 
children in six European countries 
are to receive an extra meal a day 
during the winter under a project of 
Lutheran World Action. The $500,- 
000 program will be carried out 
through the material aid division of 
the World Council of Churches. 

A drive for signatures to petitions 
urging radio companies to refuse to 
broadcast crime and horror stories 
has been opened in Washington by 
the Seventh Day Adventist church- 
es. In their opinion, the increase in 
major crimes committed by teen- 
agers can be attributed to such 
programs. ' 

Some 263 acres of productive land 
in the Kolaba District will be 
brought under cultivation as a co- 
operative colony under the sponsor- 
ship of the Bombay Province govem- 
nient. During the early stages of 
the' development, the colonists will 
receive housing, food and a modest 
monthly wage. (WP) 

The annual report of the National 
Education Association pointed out 
that though the national income has 
increased 400% in the last twelve 
years the financial outlay for pub- 
lic education has risen only twelve 
per cent. It also pointed out that 
the carefully selected, fully quali- 
fied teacher is being replaced by 
poorly trained, make-shift teaching 
personnel; 138,000 persons holding 
emergency certificates are now in 
the classrooms. 

The conclusion reached at the an- 
nual meeting of the National Asso- 
ciation of Biblical Instructors was 
that scholarly research in the field 
of religion lags far behind studies 
in the physical and social sciences. 
Lack of research was characteristic 
not only in the field of Biblical stud- 
ie;^ but in the field of psychology and 
sociology of religion also, and can be 
attributed to the failure to grant 
freedom to the religiovis schqlar. 


Wherein Lies ihe Great- 
ness of India's Church? 

Anetta C. Mow 

[T was a great day in the his- 
tory of our church when the 
first party of missionaries 
sailed to India in October 1894 
to proclaim the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. It was another great 
lay on April 25, 1897, when the 
drst rite of baptism was admin- 
istered in the little Wanki River 
just south of the Bulsar mission 
compound and eleven applicants 
confessed Christ as their Savior, 
[t was another great day in Feb- 
ruary 1899, when some thirty 
members came together and or- 
ganized themselves into the first 

Then in orderly succession 
:ame other important and won- 
derful days when others had the 
gospel preached to them and 
they accepted the Lord as their 
\4aster, and when other churches 
Rrere organized and the growth 
jf the church was evident. Ad- 
ditional great events came when 
certain men and women became 
leaders and shouldered responr 
sibility, and when some were 
elected to the ministry and a few 
ivere charged with the work as 
church elders. 

At the end of fifty years in 
1945 the entire church in India 
rejoiced in its growth and had 
a great jubilee service. And 
ivithin the same year another 
great forward step was taken 
ivhen the members took upon 
themselves the leadership of the 
church. This advance was made 
Ji courageous faith and in ear- 
lest hope for even greater 
growth in the future. 

What shall be said for the days 
ihead? Just so long as the 
Christian members of the church 
m India love and serve Jesus 
ind have a deep concern that his 
gospel of salvation should be 
shared with everyone, the 
church will surely know the joy 

of growth. Just as long as a 
fire will burn within the soul of 
the Church of the Brethren in 
India to make Christ known and 
loved by all peoples there are 
bound to be great days and still 
greater days ahead. The heart 
of the church must be in the 
task of evangelism. 

Can India Teach the 

IT is always fascinating to 
stand in the wings and help 
draw aside the curtains 
which reveal world-shaping his- 
tory taking place on the stage. It 
is even more fascinating to be 
one of the actors in the drama of 
startling world history. 

India is in the center of the 
world stage now and the drama 
being enacted there holds the 
attention of the rest of the 
world; it will continue to do so 
for some time to come. All of 
the less privileged in the world, 
particularly the people of color, 
are watching India with eager 
and expectant hope. If India 
can bring to success her long and 
interesting endeavor to free her 
many millions from European 
control, it will bring sunrise 
much nearer to the horizon for 
countless other smaller peoples 
scattered across Africa, Asia and 
the islands of the Pacific. More- 
over, if India, with her almost 
unbelievable diversity of reli- 
gions, of philosophies, of eco- 
nomic conditions and interests, 
can achieve anything approach- 
ing unity in this single enter- 
prise, that also will be an en- 
couragement to many other odd- 
ly diversified peoples of the East, 
including China. 

The "civilized" nations, Eng- 
land, Holland, Belgium, France 
and the United States, which 
have fastened imperial director- 
ships upon the Eastern peoples 
for many years, are watching In- 
dia with interest also. Her suc- 
cess will herald the beginning 
of their release from an unchris- 
tian and uncivilized thing which 
they have done. Many Euro- 
pean and American citizens rec- 
ognize this and are glad; they 
will be able to feel more self- 
respect when it is achieved. 
Others, like Churchill and some 
of our own unregenerated mili- 
tary spokesmen, cry out in 
alarm, "We cannot sacrifice the 
empire!" or "We must hang on 
to hard-won bases which we 
need for military protection!" 

A second development is oc- 
curring in India which parallels 
the political drive for freedom; 
in this the Brethren are inti- 
mately involved. Christian mis- 
sions throughout India are turn- 
ing over the management of the 
Christian work in India to the 
church in India. This church is 
made up of Indians and Ameri- 
cans working together, on a ba- 
sis of equality, for the growth 
of the kingdom of God. In some 
cases the property, which was 
formerly mission or "foreign" 
property, has become the prop- 
erty of the Indian church.^ 

The cynical will say that the 
mission groups, knowing that 
they had been identified in the 
minds of non-Christian Indians 
as a part of the total imperial- 
istic project from the West, 
readily saw that when India be- 
came independent they would 
be pushed out as "foreigners" 
and mission property would be 
confiscated or appropriated as 
foreign property by the Indian 
government. The cynical will 
claim that it is self-defense for 
"foreign" mission groups to seek 

JANUARY 25. 1947 3 

^UlnlU4i>(j, ALoddt Mte A/ew^ 

to identify themselves with In- 
dia. Those who are not cynical, 
however, will see in this a gen- 
uine attempt on the part of In- 
dians and non-Indians to co- 
operate in a great Christian 
project in a Christian way. The 
only Christian way is the broth- 
erhood way. 

One of the stimulating things 
about both of these develop- 
ments in India is that they have 
been achieved without the 
major revolutionary uprisings 
which usually characterize such 
changes in government or super- 
visory control. Instead of un- 
dertaking warfare an insistent 
people, by nonviolent means, 
have pressed for their desires 
relentlessly. Eventually world 
opinion was mobilized on their 
side. Under that pressure and 
a growing consciousness every- 
where that justice cannot be 
called justice if it is made to op- 
erate unequally among any of 
the peoples whom God has cre- 
ated, a civilized nation is being 
forced to give way before an un- 
derprivileged one. 

Interestingly enough there 
were a few indications at the 
last U. N. assembly meeting 
that perhaps the world is begin- 
ning to learn the first few pages 
of this lesson which India and 
others of the Eastern peoples 
can teach us so well. The "great 
nations" will do well to look 
often to the East; it mothered 
and nurtured their faltering be- 

Christ was an Easterner; he 
was Semitic. "Civilized" na- 
tions may yet learn from him 
something of the unsurpassable 
force tied up in being patiently 
but insistently right. d. w. b, 


Christmas in St. Louis 

It was Christmas morning in a St. Louis home; the Christmas tree 
lay sprawled on its side in the corner of the room. Gay-colored or- 
naments and tinsel were scattered over the floor. A little doll spread 
its arms wide in the center of the room with a bashed-in head. A pair 
of roller skates lay tumbled near a chair; a wheel was missing. There 
was no happiness in the home of Benjamin Franklin Dennison on 
Christmas morning. 

Instead, Dennison and his two young daughters, Leanna Marie, 8, 
and Loretta May, 6, lay dead upon the floor covered with Christmas 
tinsel. This was the story the police were able to piece together after 
they had been called and had investigated. Mr. Dennison had gone 
to a saloon to "get peady for Christmas." As Christmas Eve wore on 
and he did not return, Mrs. Dennison called the tavern to ask when he 
was coming home. He was angered at her call and came home 
partly drunk; a quarrel began. Mrs. Dennison, sensing his fury, 
seized their eight-month-old son and fled. Her screams, as she 
escaped, competed with the voices of the Christmas carolers who 
were singing outside the window. 

After Mrs. Dennison had gone and as the Christmas carolers turned 
also and went away, Mr. Dennison took out his knife and killed his 
two daughters; then he got his .22 caliber rifle and killed himself. 

Then Christmas m,orning came. The little doll was broken, the 
stuffing was stringing out of the teddy bear, the Christmas tree and 
Christmas tinsel lay scattered upon the floor. Beside the broken toys , 
lay three bodies. Thus came Christmas in one home in St. Louis. 

This story is unusual in its violence but not unusual in the cause 
of its beginning. After Christmas came New Year's Day. The day 
following New Year's, the papers reported more than four hundred 
deaths on Christmas and New Year's across the land. In some cases 
husbands and wives had died together in horrible accidents. In 
other cases sweethearts perished together in smashed cars. Alcohol 
was the enemy. Railroad accidents were numerous; there were also 
shootings and murder. Alcohol is always an enemy. At the year's 
end he becomes a demon. 

Spread upon the magazine pages are expensive advertisements 
urging us to drink beer and whisky: "Smart people do it," "No party 
is complete without it," and "It is a part of the American tradition." 
Billboards also urge us to follow in this great American tradition. 

Would it not be more realistic if the advertising and the billboards 
would tell us about the Christmas in St. Louis? Should they not pic- 
ture for us the upset Christmas tree, the doll with the bashed-in head, 
the scattered tinsel and the three dead bodies? 

Should Christians b'e qui^t about an enemy as insidious as this one? 

Recently a group of Jewish youngsters in New York raised $800 
for som^ worthy charity in America. They gave it to a Catholic news- 
paperman to distribute. He sent it to a Protestant Negro school, Piney 
Woods in Mississippi, where more than three hundred Negro children 
struggle to get an education. 

There is something grandly American about this! D. W. B. 

^uiuAe. MotkeA^ j^ 9*uka 


Left: Anklesvar boarding school girls having tea 

Below: Anklesvar schoolgirls working in the school 

I Am Ready to Be Used 

Bhikhi Ukaji 

Anklesvar. India 

I AM a Christian girl from 
Bhat, a little fishing village 
by the sea between Bulsar 
and Jalalpor. I am the daugh- 
ter of a fisherman. Years ago a 
Christian teacher was sent to 
our village. He built a little 
school and called all the chil- 
dren of the village to come to 
school and they came. The 
teacher began telling the chil- 
dren about his religion. This 
made the fisher people very 
angry and they came with big 
sticks to beat the teacher. My 
grandfather and his sons had 
come to know the teacher and 
were his friends; so they pro- 
tected him. 

This friendship grew until the 
teacher became like one of the 
family. As the friendship grew 
my people learned more and 
more about Christ and the true 
God. Finally they accepted 
Christ. Then the people of the 
village turned against them and 
persecuted them, especially 
when they went to church on 
Sundays. About this time one 
of my uncles died. Still my 
people refused to be discour- 
aged. So the fisher people put 

them out of caste. They con- 
sidered themselves defiled if 
Christians touched them and 
would not let the Christians 
even come near their doors. 
There were just nine Chris- 
tians, all of our family, but 
they had learned to know the 
true God and would not deny 
him. (My father told me all 
this. It happened before I was 

As time went on the village 
people saw the lives of the 
Christians and their patience 
and courage when persecuted. 
The neighbors first began to as- 
sociate with them and then to 
listen to their witness about 
their God and their religion. 

Finally folks from several other 
families had the courage to be- 
come Christians. Others have 
put away their idols and now 
worship the true God even 
though they do not confess him 
openly. Year by year the num-* 
ber grows, but slowly. If the 
mission had not sent Damodar 
Master to our village years ago, 
who can tell what our condition 
might be now! 

Several years ago Damodar 
Master was transferred from 
our village. Now, my uncle, 
who was one of the first Chris- 
tians in Bhat, is teacher and 
Christian leader there. When 

JANUARY 25, 1947 5 

Damodar Master left, many of 
the people who came to beat him 
at first came to show him honor. 

At first the school was small. 
Now we have a bigger building 
and several teachers in the 
school. All the people send their 
boys to school. But the pitiable 
thing is that aside from the 
Christians the people do not 
send their girls to School. They 
say, "The girls will get married 
and go to their husbands' homes; 
so their learning won't do us 
any good." If God can use some 
of the educated Christian girls 
of the village to help their vil- 
lage sisters what a blessing it 
will be. 

When I go home on vacation 
now many little children and 
bigger girls too come to my 
home to see me. Sometimes the 
girls and the older women bring 
their torn clothes for me to 
patch. I do not do the work, but 
show them how to patch for 
themselves. Then they are proud 
to wear clothes they have 
patched themselves. As they 
work they ask me to tell them 
stories. I tell them Bible stories. 
How they listen and marvel at 
the things God does for his chil- 
dren! So I have a chance to teach 
them about my religion too. If 
God can help my people through 
me I am ready to be used. I am 
praying to this end. Will you 
pray for me too? 

I Came From a Christian 

Vonita Jagobhai 

Anklesvar, India 

AS a boy my father came to 
Jamoli to work. Jamoli 
had a Christian school. 
My father learned to read in 
night school. Then he married 
and he and my mother became 
Christians. Before long the man 
who owned the house they lived 
in told them they would have to 
get out. No one would let them 
have another house and they 
had no money; so they built a 

sort of shack on some vacant 

When I was big enough to go 
to school and saw the Christian 
children going to school I told 
my father I would like to go to 
school too. So he sent me to 
school. All went very well while 
I was little, but when I was in 
the second standard the people 
began to persecute my father for 
sending his girl to school. We 
stood it for a while. Then one 
day when my mother and I were 
at home alone an old man came 
and said if we did not tear that 
shack down and leave he would 
burn it down. My mother began 
to cry and I did too. Soon my 
father came from work and we 
told him all about it. 

My father tore the shack down 
and we went to another village 
wherle my maternal uncle had a 
house we could live in. There 
the Bhils called us outcastes be- 
cause we had become Christians. 
In that village lived a Rajput, 
whom the people called Sheth. 
We told him we were 'not out- 
castes. We worshiped the true 
God and just wanted a chance to 
live in peace as his followers. 
He believed us. When he saw 
that we were honest and did 
good he began to call my father 
to work for him. 

When I was in the third stand- 
ard my father sent me to school 
here in Anklesvar. Now I am 
in the sixth standard. I was 
baptized at Easter this year. I 
pray that God will increase my 

faith and help me to be an ex- 
ample to the people of my vil- 
lage. May I bring glory to his 
name there. 

My People Are Not 

Ecanala Vesta 

Jamoli, India 

FROM childhood I have lived 
in Jamoli. My mother 
died when I was a little 
girl. My people are not Chris- 
tians. But there is a Christian 
school in my village and my fa- 
ther let me go to school along 
with some other girls in the vil- 
lage, even though my step- 
mother did not want me to go. 
It was in this school that I first 
learned about Christ. 

After a while the village peo- 
ple began saying that when 
Christians get married each 
spits in the other's mouth. So 
all the girls except me and a girl 
from a Christian family stopped 
school. My father let me finish 
the third standard there. Then 
Jethalal Master persuaded him 
to send me to the boarding 
school in Anklesvar. Here we 
have a Bible class in school ev- 
ery day and constant teaching 
and we live in the hostel and in 
cottages. I began to see that 
this Christian religion is really 
the true religion; so I was bap- 
tized. Since my father was not 
a Christian I did not tell him 
about it beforehand. My father 
died before I went home for va- 
cation that year, so I had to go 



Anna Warstler and her school staff 

\ ' 

Milking a buiialo at the AnklesTor girls' school 

to my brother's home. My step- 
mother lived there too. She 
would not even let me go to 
church on Sundays. Sometimes 
I managed to slip away and go 
anyway. She was not going to 
let me come back to school the 
next year. But the Christian 
teacher in the village talked to 
my brother and persuaded him 
to send me. 

When I went home after pass- 
ing the sixth standard my uncle 
and all my folks said, "Now you 
have studied enough. It is time 
for you to give up school and the 
Christian religion." [And of 
course marry a Bhil — editor or 
translator.] They kept on tell- 
ing me this. The girls and other 
people of the village began talk- 
ing to me about it. My step- 
mother abused me very much. 
I have always tried to be obedi- 
ent, but I could not give up my 
religion. I came back to school 
of my own accord and passed the 
government elementary school 
examination in March this year. 

When I went home this year I 
began making clothes for the 
little children of the village and 
patching folks' clothes. Then 
the girls who had stopped school 
when we were little began to 
say, "How we wish we had kept 
on in school and learned to sew 
and read and write." One day 
an old man came to our house 
while I was mending my broth- 
er's dhoti. He began saying, 
"Why, I didn't know Kamala 
could sew like that! When my 
dhoti was torn I took it to the 
tailor and paid twelve annas to 
have it mended. Next time I'll 
bring my mending to you." "Be 
sure to bring it," I said, "and I'll 
help you." 

My people are still not happy 
that I am a Christian. I have be- 
lieved in Christ from childhood 
and have come to trust him ful- 
ly. I am continually asking him 
to give me patience to endure 
whatever comes to me. And he 
will do it, for he has said, "Ask 
and ye shall receive." 

Field Editors 

Dr. Leonard and Nurse Betty 
BUckenstaif are the field editors 
of this India number. Doctors 
and nurses are busy people 'who 
have little time to call their own. 
To them, therefore, belong spe- 
cial thanks for securing and 
sending these articles promptly 
to Anetta C. Mow, who assumes 
responsibility for securing mis- 
sionary material for special mis- 
sionary issues of the Messenger. 

Amsey Bollinger is respon- 
sible for most of the pictures 
which appear in this issue. Dur- 
ing the past few yeors it hos 
been very difficult to secure 
photographic film, especially so 
on the fields. In order to secure 
these pictures film was sent from 
Elgin to India with returning 
missionaries. We are glad to 
get new pictures after this in- 

An Opportunity 

for Experimentation 

D. J. Lichty 

IN the days of the early 
church, the gospel was 
spread chiefly by ordinary 
people engaged in trade, home 
industry and the common occu- 
pations of life. It is true that 
the greatest of all the apostles 
wrote in defense of a supported 
ministry but when conditions 
warranted, he did not hesitate to 
support himself and his helpers 
by the labor of his own hands. 

Any one acquainted with 
Brethren history knows that un- 
til recently Brethren churches 
were established and fostered in 
all parts of the country by a free 
ministry. It is generally con- 
ceded that under present condi- 
tions, a supported ministry is 
more suitable for our churches 
in America. 

On coming to the India mis- 
sion field about forty-five years 
ago, a certain young missionary 
and his wife were of the opin- 
ion that the conditions which 
called for a free ministry in the 
early days of the church were 
also existing in India. 

As an experiment, they were 
willing to demonstrate the prac- 
ticability of their faith on a six- 
ty-acre farm owned by the mis- 
sion in a certain village. When 
they received no encourage- 
ment to" make the attempt, they 
heartily co-operated in the gen- 
erally accepted method of carry- 
ing on mission work. Thus they 
have helped to bring some thou- 
sands into the fold of Christ. 
Churches have been established, 
the printed page has been wide- 
ly distributed, and thousands 
have been made literate and 
placed in a position to better 
their social and financial posi- 
tion. However, in the mean- 
time the question frequently re- 
curs: Could God's attitude to- 

JANUARY 25, 1947 7 

Waiting for the New Order 

ARISE, shine; for thy light 
is come." Will the sons 
and daughters of the 
church in America continue to 
come in sufficient numbers to 
enable the backward corners of 
India to behold this light? 

I type these lines in the midst 
of darkness. This is one of those 
cloudy monsoon days when rain 
falls in torrents, sometimes as 
much as six or seven inches in 
twenty-four hours. 

The government has projected 
a plan to provide electricity for 
the capital of these jungle states. 
If the plan should become a re- 
ality then the ever-increasing 
number of government officials 
and the missionaries in Ahwa 
can enjoy those comforts and 
conveniences which electricity 

Of course, it will take more 
than electricity to dispel the 
darkness in this capital town 
and in the surrounding areas. 
At present the 40,400 souls re- 
siding in the Bangs States are 

wards the people of India not 
have been more winsomely dem- 
onstrated had they b^en able to 
live up to their youthful aspi- 
rations. How are we to know? 
Who can tell? All we know is 
that for such an experiment, 
virgin soil is still available on 
the Brethren mission field to any 
one possessing the spiritual and 
physical hardihood to attempt 
and to carry on. 

Such an experiment^ should 
not be attempted without ac- 
quiring a working knowledge of 
the language and sufficient time 
should previously be taken on 
the field to become somewhat 
acquainted with social, economic 
and climatic conditions prevail- 
ing in the field chosen. 


C. G. Shull 

Ahwa, Pangs, India 

not prepared to enjoy the bene- 
fits which electricity would 
bring. First of all, a new mental 
equipment is needed. The night 
of ignorance must give way to 
the new day of knowledge. 
Shortly after we moved here on 
May 17, 1946, there was held a 
government durhar for the lead- 
ers of the villages in the Dangs. 
Three men from each village 
were to receive a bonus from the 
government in return for serv- 
ices they had rendered during 

Henry Naronji, son of Naranji Solanki 

the year. During the durhar we 
watched the men come in groups 
of three as their villages were 
called. Of the 900 men who 
marched that day, leading men 
in their villages, there were 
probably no more than five who 
could read and write. Some one 
has well said that an illiterate 
man is a blind man. Then there 
are 40,000 blind men in the 
Dangs States! 

The thousands about us know 
little of the world 100 miles be- 
yond their borders. The Warlis, 
with whom we are working in 

the southern part of our Marathi 
field, are much the same, though 
a little more advanced in some 
respects. Mr. K. J. Save, a sym- 
pathetic Indian worker among 
them, who made a study of their 
condition, says concerning the 
general ignorance prevalent 
among these folk, "They know 
that there is a leader named 
Gandhi and that he is great. But 
the English Sarkar [govern- 
ment] is still greater and he 
who fights against the Sarkar 
will simply perish." Steeped in 
ignorance, the average Warli or 
Dangi is an easy prey for ex- 
ploitation by an unscrupulous 
official or trader. 

A > twin comrade of this giant 
of ignorance is the indescribable 
poverty which abounds. Mr, 
Save found in his study that 
eighty-one per cent of the War- 
lis are in debt. So far as I 
know there has been no authen- 
tic research made in the Dangs 
but there is no hesitation in say- 
ing that the poverty is even 
greater here. Thirty-four boys 
came from the villages to enter 
our boarding hostel this year. 
Some of them came with one 
fairly good shirt each; others 
with one in rags. Their parents 
could have done more for them 
in some cases. Experience con- 
firms the fact that there are 
times when it is easier for the 
liquor dealer to get money for 
four bottles of liquor than for 
a missionary to collect for two 
shirts. The ignorance which has 
existed for many generations 
makes it difficult for the aver- 
age person in the Dangs to sense 
the value of education and a 
higher way of life. On the other 
hand, the extreme poverty 
makes it hard for parents to 
forego the meager income which 
the labor of their children will 
bring. So they are kept at home 

to work in the fields or care for 
their baby brother or sister. 
Thus poverty helps ignorance 
and ignorance maintains pover- 
ty. It is a vicious circle. 

Superstition, wrong ideas, and 
false gods — all add their dead 
weight to the order described. 
There is the village witch, often 
leader of a cult of witches, who 
is believed to possess tremen- 
dous powers. The only salva- 
tion against her power lies in 
an appeal to the village hhagat 
or sorcerer. This sorcerer is at 
once llie most respected and 
often the wealthiest man in the 
village. Says Mr. Save, "He is 
a medium, a medicine man, an 
arbitrator, a diviner, a conduc- 
tor of rituals and, above all, an 
enemy of witches." 

Time and education are re- 
quired for the people to forsake 
the magic of the bhagat and turn 
to the scientific remedies of the 
missionary doctor and nurse. 
But there is progress. For some 
years now the Dangs has had a 
government-employed smallpox 
vaccinator, in the person of one 
of our own Christian young 
men, educated in our mission 
school and then trained for this 
special work. Folk are rapidly 
learning that smallpox, the 
name of which in their language 
signifies an act of the god, is a 
disease which science can con- 
trol. They have come also to 
see that there is a heavenly Fa- 
ther not to be compared with 
the silver coin besmeared with 
red lead which they have been 
prone to call their household 
god. So they "turn from these 
vain things to the living God" 
and instead of going to the sor- 
cerer seek the help of their pas- 
tor and Christian brethren. 

There are now 262 members 
of the Christian church in the 
Dangs and they are an earnest of 
the fact that the morning comes. 
No one could have been present 
at the twenty-seventh district 
meeting of the Second District 
of India without being im- 

Mission fo Europe 

Christmas greetings came through by cable jrom M. R. Zigler and 
with them came the word that he would be spending Christmas Day in 
Schwarzenau, Germany, birthplace of the Church oj the Brethren. Since 
his arrival in Europe on October 31 he has surveyed relief and recon- 
struction needs in Poland, Germany, Austria, and Italy, and has held a 
two-day conference with all European Brethren service workers in Brus- 
sels, Belgium. During his tour of these countries final agreements have 
been reached on new Brethren projects. These will be announced as 
soon as he returns. 

Perhaps the most significant thing in Bro. Zigler's reports from Europe 
is the tremendous opportunity he finds for Brethren to help people in 
the war-torn areas get back on their feet — helping them, fcyr example, 
to get started again on the farm or in a new trade; or helping children 
find new interest in life. 

He writes of how the news that more materials are coming into 
New Windsor cheers our workers overseas. Everywhere he finds great 
need. And in nearly every country these items of need stand out: shoes, 
clothes, soap, fats, wheat and medicines. 

Bro. Zigler will revisit Berlin, Warsaw, Brussels, and Geneva, and 
will go to Malmo, Sweden (where we have a church) during January. 
His present plans call for him to be back in America by the end of 

pressed with the fact that the 
sun is rising in this land. On 
three successive evenings the 
church was filled to capacity by 
those who wanted to see the 
plays prepared by the school 
children, by the women of the 
church and by the young men. 
These young men are now hold- 
ing positions as teachers, forest- 
ers, police and clerks. They are 
in vocations their illiterate fa- 
thers could never have followed 
and that night when they gave 
their play before an audience of 
500 folk they were giving a testi- 
mony which their grandfathers 
had never heard. Yes, the morn- 
ing dawns. But the full splen- 
dor of midday is still to come. 

India, our oldest mission field, 
continues to have the challenge 
of pioneer work. There are 
many needy fields into which 
the church is going, but we are 
persuaded that there are no 
people with a greater need of 
Christ than those here whom we 
are permitted in God's provi- 
dence to love and serve. Let the 
chul-ch's young people continue 
to come in the next fifty years as 
they have in the past. A worthy 
foundation has now been laid. 
Come, help us to build thereon 
"the dty of our God." 

A Love Feast in India 

Eothryn Kiracofe 

Vyara, India 

GADAT is a village twelve 
miles south of Vyara. We 
went there on a public bus. 
It was extremely hot, the bus 
was overcrowded, and the road 
was long and dusty. Several of 
the Christian people came to 
meet us as the bus entered the 
village. We were taken to the 
teacher's house where we re- 
ceived water to wash our hands 
and faces; and the inevitable cup 
of tea. Then we started out to 
call on some of the Christians of 
the village. 

We got back to the school just 
in time to find our places for the 
service. Already the people had 
gathered and were sitting in 
long rows on the ground, the 
women on the left and the men 
on the right. The children were 
scattered here and there with 
their parents. In the back was a 
row of non-Christians who had 
come to partake of the supper 
with us and to observe the rest 
of the service. One of the Chris- 
tian young men on the front row 
stood up and began lining a 

JANUARY 25, 1947 9 

"If the people of the world are to survive, it is necessary for 
the United States government, as first producer of the (atomic) 
bomb, to initiate immediately steps to achieve effective world 
co-operation for the prevention of war."— Statement of 515 sciem- 
tists meeting in Cambridge. Mass.. Oct. 30, 1945. 

Are those forces in American society which advocate peace- 
time conscription leading us toward prevention of war? 

hymn; the group followed by- 
singing it after him. Following 
this another youth stood up and 
led another song in the same 

One of the village teachers led 
the group in a third song, the 
theme of which was let Christ 
come into your heart and have 
full control. Other songs fol- 
lowed while the drummer kept 
rhythm by beating his drums, 
and all the people clapped their 
hands. In the meantime people 
were gathering from all direc- 
tions. Among them were a 
teacher and a group of men from 
another village, and a teacher 
and a former schoolboy from a 
more distant village. All came 
on foot. 

The leader arose and said, 
"Probably all who are coming 
have arrived; so let us begin. We 
have gathered for a very special 
occasion. We are meeting in 
memory of our Lord. I request 
that all remain seated quietly 
until the end of the service." 
Rev. Somchand Ukard, one of 
our former Vyara schoolboys, 
was leading the meeting. 

By this time the sun had set 
and a bright moon had begun to 
appear. The leader had a small 
hand lantern, but otherwise the 
star-studded sky and the bright 
moon furnished the needed 

After the opening devotional 
service, the leader explained the 
meaning of the first part of the 
service. "By this act of feet- 
washing," he went on to say, 
"Jesus taught us to love and to 
have humility. It is by loving 
one another that we show our 
love for Jesus." 

The feet-washing service went 

on very smoothly. Meanwhile 
a song was lined by one of the 
young girls, and was sung by 
the group. 

The supper followed. Leaf 
plates were passed first. Then 
two men served the rice; one 
carried a large pan of rice and 
the other put a double handful 
of rice on each plate. After re- 
ceiving his rice, each person 
shaped it with his fingers to re- 
ceive the pulse soup which was 

the village came to see what was 
going on. They stayed awhile 
to observe, but the meeting went 
on without interruption. 

After the communion service, 
a large tray was put on the lead- 
er's table, and anyone who cared 
to give was invited to come up 
and drop in his gift. One by one 
the group went up, until I am 
sure everyone, even the small- 
est, had given a gift. Then fol- 
lowed the last hymn and the 

This was one of the most im- 
pressive services I have ever at- 
tended in India. There was un- 
usual quietness and a deep spirit 
of reverence throughout the 
meeting. The beautiful starlit 
sky, the softness of the moon- 

Sunday morning congregation at Pethodra, near Vyara. 


Part of the Gadat church is 



served by a third man. After 
the meal, hands were washed 
and the leaf plates were gather- 
ed up. Then came the more 
solemn part of the service. 

"We have reached the very 
special part of the service. The 
feet-washing and the supper to- 
gether help to prepare us for 
this part," said the leader. Then 
followed the breaking of the 
bread and the giving of the 
wine. The latter is given in the 
palm of the hand and is drunk 
immediately. During this part 
of the service four government 
men who were passing through 

light, and the cool breeze of the 
night air, gave us a special near- 
ness to our Creator. These with 
the soft voice and the' simple and 
appropriate words of explana- 
tion given by the leader drew all 
into a special nearness to him 
in whose memory we had met on 
this special occasion. 

Three of the contributors to this India 
number are workers with over forty years 
of service eoch to the India field: D. J. 
Lichty, Sadie J. Miller ond J. M. Blough, 
who went to India in 1902 and 1903. Of 
the other missionaries who contributed all 
except Kothryn Eiracofe and Dorothy M. 
Brown have given more than twenty years 
eoch to India. 

AnklesTar women's institute. July 1946. Sadie J. Miller (center) and Elsie N. Shickel 

(back row) 

Women's Institutes 

Anna Lichty 

Bulsar, Surat, India 

WE who are engaged in 
work among the women 
of India have come to 
feel that institutes for women 
evangelists and wives of village 
teachers and preachers are an 
important factor in evangelism 
among women. 

The wife of the village worker 
has little diversion from the 
daily routine of duties in the 
home as she cares for her chil- 
dren and ministers to her hus- 
band. She tries to make it pos- 
sible for him to do his best in the 
work assigned him, to attend 
teachers' meetings and insti- 
tutes, and now and then to go to 
a conference or district meeting. 
But she seldom has time to get 
away from home. We mission- 
ary women feel that it is due this 
busy village wife to have a few 
days a year away from her sta- 
tion for a season of fellowship, 
Bible study and conference with 
her sisters from other stations. 
So an institute is planned. Dur- 
ing the wife's absence the hus- 
band cares for the children and 

"keeps house." Of course, each 
institute must be planned so as 
to accommodate the women of 
the local area. 

Let me describe the last insti- 
tute in this area, which is typical 
of other institutes we have di- 
rected. On the evening of the 
day the women arrived, our de- 
votions were centered on the 
theme, Ye Are My Witnesses, us- 
ing Acts 1:8 as our basis for 
thought. Following the devo- 
tional period there were a happy 
reunion of old friends and the 
forming acquaintance with new 
members who had come into the 
area during the year. Then fol- 
lowed two days of classwork 
and conference. Two periods a 
day were devoted to Bible study 
led by the missionary. There 
was one period each day of open 
discussion on subjects such as 
Conducting Women's Meetings, 
Observing Christian Home Fes- 
tivals, Our Attitude Toward the 
Superstitions of Our Neighbors, 
The Importance of Christian 
Marriages and Funeral Cere- 

monies. Some of our well- 
trained women spoke on these 
subjects: Family Relationships, 
The Mother and Her Child, The 
Teacher's Wife and Her Oppor- 
tunities in the Village. A dem- 
onstration lesson was given on 
telling a story to illiterate vil- 
lage women. During another 
period there was an exchange of 
ideas on sewing and cutting 
simple patterns for village 
women. One afternoon Mrs. 
Betty Blickenstaff and one of 
our own Indian trained nurses 
conducted a discussion on care 
of children and prevention and 
treatment of disease. So inter- 
ested were the women in this 
discussion that they preferred to 
lorego afternoon tea and con- 
tinue the discussion. It has al- 
ways been our custom to have 
the women come to the bunga- 
low for afternoon tea. The so- 
cial chat over the cups of tea 
and the opportunity for each 
one to relate her experience in 
the village are not the least im- 
portant parts of our institutes. 

We like to have our institutes 
in the hot season and during full 
moon. It is pleasant to sit out 
on the lawn on a moonlight 
night and sing and tell stories. 
On one night we plan to show 
slides illustrating temperance 
work or rural uplift. The insti- 
tute closes with a consecration 
service. The women return to 
their homes refreshed in mind 
and spirit and with renewed 
zeal to be helpful in proclaim- 
ing Christ to their neighbors. 

It has been interesting to me 
to note the development from 
year to year in some of the les- 
ser educated, timid young wives. 
When they first go out in service 
with their husbands they feel 
their inability so keenly they 
have not the courage to under- 
take a small part in his program. 
But coming to institute, hearing 
what others do and receiving 
helpful suggestions give them a 
vision of what they can do with 

JANUARY 25. 1947 


God's help. The missionary fol- 
lows up the work of the insti- 
tute with visits to the villages 
and calls in the homes with 

the teacher's wife, and with let- 
ters and outlines of lessons sug- 
gested for teaching village 


Experiences in Evangelism 



J. Miller 


THE people of Rajpipla 
State, where we work, are 
only two per cent literate. 
The capital city has no organ- 
ized Christian work although a 
number of Christians live there. 
No Christian work is done any- 
where in the state except that 
done by our mission. Aside from 
those living in Rajpipla city the 
people in Rajpipla State live in 
villages. It is among these peo- 
ple that we work. 

Our first evangelistic camp 
was in a village where there are 
no Christians except one man 
who conducts an independent 
school. Needless to say, he was 
a great help to us. This teacher 
and the twenty-two boys in the 
school entered the day classes 
in handwork which we conduct 
in all our camps. This opens 
the way for teaching the Word, 
singing gospel songs and wit- 
nessing and preaching in the 
night meetings. 

There were no girls in the 
school and we were unable to 
induce the parents to send the 
girls to school. These hill peo- 
ple are farmers. Their farm 
implements are the very sim- 
plest. Since the farmer depends 
on his family to get his work 
done he sometimes has as many 
as five wives. In one house we 
counted forty people living un- 
der one roof. That many people 
working in a field can make 

quick work of the weeds. Such 
a man considers his neighbors 
with fewer wives quite unfor- 
tunaite. His neighbor with few- 
er wives naturally has less land 
to farm. The year round the 
farmers feel they are very busy, 
too busy to learn from those of 
us who have come among them. 
We go to the homes, sit by the 
women at the fireplace and teach 
them while they cook. They 
soon find out that we too know 
cooking and housework. 

Despite the difficulty in mak- 
ing contacts, the Bhil people are 
being won for Christ. Last year 
we had 120 baptisms and this 
year to date fifty-four. In a 
community where a goodly 
number became Christians two 

years ago, we now have a regu- 
lar school with services each 
Sunday. There are nearly two 
thousand Christians in Rajpipla 
State. There are five organized 
churches and each church has 
members in from ten to twenty- 
five surrounding villages, but 
only two of the ch-urches have 
regular pastors. It is not just 
young people who are respond- 
ing to our efforts, but older ones 
as well. • 

After one month of intensive 
work in a village we wind up 
with a fair, here called mala. 
Word goes out to the surround- 
in'g villages of the approaching 
mala, to which they gladly come. 
Many of them visit our camps 
to see the exhibits they have 
heard about. There it is — every 
piece with the name of the mak- 
er attached. "Did you make 
this?" one says to the bashful, 
backward boy or girl who pro- 
ceeds to show him how it is 
done. Both parent and child are 
proud. What they hear and see 
at the fair is all new to them 
but impressive and interesting. 

The program at the m.ala is a 
long one, concluding with an all- 
night sing. Drama, dialogues 
and garhas (rhythmic songs) 
make up the program. The 
Prodigal Son is a favorite play 
as is also David and Goliath. 



Rahelbai getting ready to start out on on evangelistic trip. The tonga belongs to Anna 
Warstler. The vehicle was designed by A. F. Bollinger 

Pictures on the life of Christ are 
very desirable and are used 
when possible. On account of 
the rationing of kerosene we 
could use the magic lantern very 
little this year. Three malas 
were held during this camping 
season — Dec. 15, Feb. 1, and 
March 27. One was held only 
four miles from the capital city. 
This gave us an opportunity to 
invite some of the city's influ- 
ential people. Of these two 
Hindus came, one a doctor and 
the other the village uplift work- 
er. They were much impressed 
by seeing what can be done for 
such backward people in this 
village uplift work and in only 
one month. 

One of the most telling fea- 
tures on the program is the testi- 
monies given by various Chris- 
tians who have had outstanding 
experiences in Christ. One such 
was a young man teacher in a 
village, who is now at Ankles- 
var in our teachers' training col- 
lege. He had become a Chris- 
tian in our Vali boarding school. 
"I am the only one of my fam- 
ily who is a Christian. My par- 
ents drink liquor and oppose me 
in various ways. They were de- 
termined that I should marry a 
heathen girl, but I was deter- 
mined that my wife should be a 
Christian and that we would be 
married as such. I am glad to 
say that my youngest brother is 
getting ready to join me as a 
follower of Christ." 

Another one of these witnesses 
was a middle-aged man, a Chris- 
tian for a good many years. He 
spoke before a large gathering, 
many of whom were his rela- 
tives but not Christian. "You all 
know I am a farmer. When I 
became a Christian I had con- 
siderable persecution. Many of 
those who were my critics are 
now Christians. We hope to 
make this village where there 
are only a few Christians now 
entirely Christian." 

The third testimony was that 
of a village teacher who also 
became a Christian while in the 

Vali boarding school. "Most of 
you know me from my birth, 
though I may not know you 
since I have been away for some 
years. Fifteen years ago I be- 
came a Christian. Jesus is the 

true Guru [religious teacher]. 
Is not such a one worthy of a 
following? Put away the false 
gods; if you want to be happy, 
take Christ at his word and be 
known as a Christian." 





Dorothy M. Brown 

Dahanu Road, India 

HOW would you like to 
awaken some morning 
and find yourself in a new 
land, a land of different cultures, 
people, language, customs, cli- 
mate and food? You say, "It is 
just like entering a new world," 
and in a way it is except that 
there is the same sun, the same 
moon and the same sky over- 
head. And most of all there is 
the same God, in whom we can 
trust and who opens our eyes to 
new surprises each day. 

One of my first and most 
pleasant surprises was the dis- 
covery of the beauty of coloring 
in this land. All colors are quite 
vivid: day after day of bright 
blue skies, like the loveliest days 
in June at home, brilliant hues 
of crimson in the evening sun- 
set hour, then the clear white 
moonlight making even the din- 
giest corners beautiful; the dark 
skins of the people set off by 
brightly colored garments; the 
luscious fresh green of the rainy 
season which lasts for at least 
four months. Yes, you would 
love the beauty of the touches 
of God's paint brush in India. 

Arriving in India in Decem- 
ber, I was impressed with the 

delightful coolness of the eve- 
ning and morning hours. For 
three months there are days 
^when one needs a light sweater 
or suit. In these days one gains 
needed strength and fresh vigor 
for the hot season just ahead. 

At Dahanu I was greeted with 
garlands of roses soon after my 
arrival — lovely roses. On Christ- 
mas Day dozens of beautiful 
roses were sent to the bunga- 
low. After distributing some to 
all the families on the compound, 
we still had every vase in the 
house filled. On another occa- 
sion, a joint celebration of the 
Leonard Blickenstaffs' wedding 
anniversary and Miss Messer's 
and my birthdays, we received 
a whole bushel basket of roses, 
enough to make up for the years 
when we had not had roses on 
these occasions. The Parsi gar- 
dens at Dahanu supply us 
throughout the year with many 
gifts of roses, fruit and vege- 

I had contemplated starting 
work in my profession, nursing, 
as soon as I arrived in India. 
There were a few weeks before 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


beginning language study when 
I was responsible for the nurs- 
ing care of a missionary mother 
and baby, but since that time my 
main duty has been language 
study. Techniques used in 
nursing are much the same as at 
home except that they are car- 
ried on in the simplest manner 
possible. Lack of electricity 
and inadequate laundry facili-- 
ties seem to be the hospital's 
greatest handicaps, yet there is 
much we can do with the equip- 
ment we have. There are many 
new types of illnesses but the 
human misery and suffering are 
just the same. How very nec- 
essary to know the language in 
order to help the people! 

During these months of lan- 
guage study at Palghar I have 
daily surprises in my dispensary 
work. About two hours are 
spent daily in seeing and treat- 
ing patients from the school and 
people living on the compound. 
One never knows what may 
happen next. There are thorns 
to be removed, burns, cuts and 
ulcers to dress, scorpion bites, 
infected fingers, dysentery, colds 
and malaria. Seeing the way in 
which people live and carry on 
their work, one wonders how 
any of them escape illness dur- 
ing the rainy season. Then, 
there was the night when Mr. 
ShuU and I gave first aid to our 
Indian evangelist, who was bit- 
ten by a poisonous snake, until 
the anti-venom serum arrived 
about 3:30 a.m. Also the day 
when one of the schoolboys was 
rendered unconscious by a fall. 
These instances make one glad 
to be here and to be able to help. 

Every day brings new sur- 
prises, new vision, new under- 
standing and new problems. 
Each new day is a fresh untrod- 
den path along which both 
beauty and duty beckon us to 
tread. Fearlessly we start down 
the trail, sufficient not in our- 
selves but in Christ's strength. 

Vernacular Final Class at Khergam. Noranji Solanki's daughter stands at for left side 

ilte Qcint Goupicil 

J. M. Blough 

Vyara, via Surat, India 



ON January 1, 1946, a new 
constitution was put into 
operation on the India mis- 
sion field. According to the pre- 
amble it provides for the church 
in India to take upon itself the 
responsibility of managing the 
work which has hitherto been 
carried on by the mission. This 
includes all the evangelistic, ed- 
ucational, medical and publish- 
ing work, both in the stations and 
villages, along with the Bible and 
training schools. The First and 
Second Districts in India have 
united in appointing a Joint 
Council, which is authorized to 
manage the work for the church. 
This council consists of twenty- 
one members, chosen by the dis- 
trict meetings, and six local 
church committees. The coun- 
cil itself co-opts three members. 
This year seven of the twenty- 
one members of the council are 
missionaries. These were all 
chosen by the church or else co- 
opted by the council. The chair- 
man of the council is a mission- 
ary; the secretary and the vice- 
chairman are Indians; and the 

treasurer is a missionary who is 
not a member of the council, 
but who is especially qualified 
for the work. The council has 
appointed four subcommittees, 
and the missionaries are distrib- 
uted among these. These mis- 
sionaries are serving on the 
council, not because they are 
ntissionaries but because they 
are members of the church and 
desired by the church. The 
council and its committees have 
entered upon their tasks with 
enthusiasm and a grave sense of 
their responsibility. We are 
having fine co-operation. 

This new constitution means 
that now the Church of the 
Brethren in India is free to 
manage all the work in its field 
and is now, as it were, master in 
its own house. It controls all 
the funds and staff, and has di- 
rect communication with the 
General Mission Board. 

The constitution does not 
mean that henceforth mission- 
aries will not be wanted or 
needed in India, that the church , 
in India is strong enough to car- 

ry on the work without funds 
from America, that the India 
mission field is now evangelized 
and mission work no longer 

In the four conferences held in 
India last year by Dr. J. W. 
Decker, secretary of the Inter- 
national Missionary Council, all 
the problems involved in and re- 
lating to the integration of 
church and mission were dis- 
cussed. There was general 
agreement that the emphasis in 
all Christian work in India 
should be on the church and not 
on the mission; so this step 
which we have taken in India is 
in harmony with this idea. The 
opinion of Indian leaders con- 
cerning missionaries from the 
older churches of the West was 
that missionaries will still be 
I needed and greatly desired for 
I certain types of work, but that 
I they should come with a full 
I consecration which will enable 
them to work happily with and 
r even under Indian leadership. 
They should come as members 
of the church in India and work 
i under its direction. 
I The church in India desires fi- 
r nancial aid from the foreign mis- 
sion boards, "given and received 
in a way in keeping with the 
colleagueship of the givers and 
the self-respect of the recipi- 
ents." The money should be 
given to the church to use as it 
thinks best, but so as not to hin- 
der its growth towards full 
autonomy and self-support. It 
is desirable that the non-Chris- 
tian public in India know that 
the church is free from foreign 
domination even though it does 
receive subsidies. The church in 
India must become a self-gov- 
erning, self-supporting and self- 
propagating church. To this end 
we are all laboring. 

In our own mission field in 
India there are still a million 
people to be evangelized. This 
task is too great for the small 
church which we have in India 
now. It requires the united ef- 

Continued on page 18 

Jesus the Giver of Life 

Christian faith has had little difficulty- 
believing that one who could so transform 
life as Jesus did, making men over until, 
losing their self-will and pride, their im- 
purity and hate, they became gentle, 
mild, kindly, pure and ' godly, could 
even raise men from physical death. The 
greater miracle proved the lesser feasible. 
Is it not still so? The miracles here record- 
ed are but symbols of the new life which 
Christ brought to men who were dead in 
trespasses and sin. And new miracles of 
grace may be seen in every land and time. 
Perhaps you are one? Have you helped 
to bring Christ to any other person that he 
might receive this new life? Why not? 

Monday, January 27 

Healing the Nobleman's Son. John 


Suffering and need help a man 
cut through the irrelevant and the 
trivial to get at the deep resources 
for help. That is what Jesus was 
testing in this man. No speculation 
and no quibbling about authority 
could stand in his way now. His 
child was dying, and here was the 
compassionate Christ. Faith was 
met by love. 

Tuesday, January 28 
Healing on the Sabbath. John 5: 1- 


Jesus' question was penetrating: 
"Do you want to be healed?" How 
silly! And yet it would be very 
easy to be the object of years of pity 
and alms. So Jesus cut through all 
that to the deep desire for whole- 
ness. When he found it, he could 
heal, and he did. What do you want 
of the Christ? 

Wednesday, January 29 

The Son's Relation to the Father. 

John 5: 19-29. 

The great mystery about Jesus to 
his fellow men was, "Where does he 
get his marvelous power and pa- 
tience and understanding?" But Je- 
sus knew that the real source was 
in the intimate relation with his 
heavenly Father. In God is life. He 
drank constantly and deeply at that 
spring and invited others to do like- 

Edward Erusen i&egler 

Thursday, January 30 

The Son's Witness. John 5: 33-47, 
Perhaps in no other passage does 
the calm and yet incredibly authori- 
tative assurance of Jesus about his 
work and mission, his relation to 
God and the greatness of his task 
appear as it does here. Jesus knew, 
and it was not boasting for him to 
claim authority and the allegiance 
of men. Shall we follow? 

Friday, January 31 

The Raising of Lazarus. John 11: 


This great story is told with pow- 
erful restraint and poetic beauty. It 
is a story of how a great spirit was 
moved by the grief of his friends, 
and how he called upon the vast re- 
sources of heaven to assuage their 
grief by restoring a brother to life. 
Jesus wept, but he did not stop 
there! He triumphed! 

Saturday, February 1 

The Decision to Kill Jesus. John 11: 

Jesus was too great for their small 
hearts, as he stUl would be. He 
could be crucified in Chicago today 
or in North Manchester, for men are 
still eager to put out of the way 
that which is too high and holy for 
them. Would I help to crucify him? 
Does my life bring him in sorrow- 
to the cross now? 

Sunday, February 2 

Jesus Anointed at Bethany. John 


This act of devotion is one of the 
most beautiful acts of worship in 
the whole Bible. Mary brought a 
very precious gift, but, even more, 
she offered the full devotion of a 
radiant and beautiful personality. 
That was a part of her worship. The 
alabaster box was only a symbol. 
What have you brought to the feet 
of the King? 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


• • • KifUfdoiK QU€uM44U^ . • • 

Brotherhood Theme for 1946-47 

Christ, the Hope of the World 
Calendar for Sunday, January 26 

Lesson material is based on International Sunday School Les- 
sons, The International Bible Lessons for Christian Teaching, 
copyrighted by the International Council of Religious Education, 
and is used by its permission. 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Crosses Racial Bound- 
aries — John 4: 1-42. Memory Selection, God is a spirit: 
and they that worship him must worship him in spirit 
and in truth. John 4: 24. 

B.Y.P.D. Topic for January, Here Is India 

i Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptized and three received by letter in the Al- 
lentown church, Pa. 

Seven baptized in the Black River church, Ohio. 

Eight baptized in the Calvary church, Los Angeles, 

Personal Mention 

Joyoelyn Ann Cunningham arrived on Jan. 7 in the 
home of Dr. Lloyd and Mrs. Ellen Cunningham. The 
message bearing this information came from California. 

A cable from Africa says that James Russell Bowman 
was born into the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Bowman 
on Jan. 5. 

pro. William D. Everhart of San Gabriel, Calif., an- 
nounced in these pages before Christmas that the Breth- 
ren youth of Pasadena were distributing stamps to the 
youth of Quito, Ecuador, in a Christmas exchange. He 
reports that the intermediate Sunday-school class of 
Old Fields, W. Va., sent them the largest number of 
stamps for any group and that Sister Ella BrightbiU of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., sent them the largest number from any 
individual. Bro. Everhart would be glad for people to 
continue to send postage stamps to him so that his 
boys could distribute them to Holland and to the Philip- 
pine Islands. 

Elder J. H. HoUinger of Washington, D. C, has retired 
from the government service after forty -three and a' 
half years of employment. At the time of his retirement 
he held the executive position of civilian assistant to 
the paymaster general of the navy and chief clerk of the 
bureau of supplies and accounts. He received many let- 
ters of commendation from the government upon his 
long years of faithful and efficient service. It is now 
his purpose to be more active in the interests of the 
church, he writes us. 

Bro. Otto Laursen of Haxtun, Colo., informs us that 
because of the high altitude, doctors have advised Mrs. 
Laursen to seek a lower location on account of her 
health. The Laursens, therefore, have resigned from 
the Haxtun church effective April 1. Their new address 
has not been announced. 

Sister Mary C Albright of the Ivester church in Iowa 
has been bedfast for two months. She requests the 
prayers of the brotherhood in her behalf. 

Southern Pennsylvania has elected to Standing Com- 
mittee of 1947 Elders S. C. Godfrey, Otho J. Hassinger 
and Jacob L. Miller. The alternates are Elders Trostle 
P. Dick, B. N. King and Robert L. Cocklin. 

Elders Paul E. Longenecker and Bruce H. Flora will 
represent Northern California on the Standing Commit- 
tee of the Orlando Conference. Elders John I. Coffman 
and Pau]. B. Studebaker are the alternates. 

Bro. Daniel Bowser and his family of Parsons, Kansas, 
wish to express their appreciation for the many cards 
of sympathy which came to them from over the brother- 
hood after the recent loss of Sister Bowser. 

Bro. Edward Murray, pastor of the Iowa River church 
at Marshalltown, Iowa, was a recent first-time visitor 
at the Publishing House. 

Miscellaneous Items 

The Brethren Children's Worker, a mimeographed 
quarterly publication for local children's leaders, con- 
tains inspirational and informational ideas and keeps 
the workers up to date on new materials. All local 
children's workers who have not been taking it and aU 
whose subscriptions have expired should send subscript 
tions to the Children's Department, 22 S. State St., 
Elgin, 111. It is 25c per year. 

Girls are wanted for general office work at the Breth- 
ren Publishing House. Knowledge of typing is desir- 
able. Write E. M. Hersch, Manager, Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. , 

We are asked to announce that all material for the 
1947 district conference of Middle Pennsylvania must 
be in the hands of the secretary, Charles L. Cox, Clays- 
burg, Pa., not later than March 1. 

The Dundalk church in Maryland has now moved 
from the I.O.O.F. hall to the new chapel parsonage on 
the corner of Yorkway and Kentway. All who can 
visit them will add encouragement to this developing 

Brethren Ministers' Book Club selections for Febru- 
ary and March can be announced together. For Febru- 
ary the book selected is The Wondrous Cross, by Earl 
L. Martin. Pf is a volume on the various aspects of " 



• • • 

Do This: 

At this time the United States. Russia and Great 
Britain are considering disormament proposals. For 
the U. S. to pass any sort oi universal military training 
bill will greatly increase the difficulties of reaching such 
an agreement. Talking of peace and disarmament and 
at the same time increasing preparations and training 
for war will deceive no one. Passage of conscription 
in the U. S. will be a severe blow to the United Nations. 

(1) Write your congressmen. Ask your Sunday-school 
class members to write their congressmen. Let's have 
a 100% effort on this issue that threatens the Christian 
way of life. We must write now — ^first, to stop univer- 
sal training in America; second, to help prepare the 
woy for world-wide disarmament and permanent peace. 

(2) Write each of the members of the President's ad- 
visory committee on military conscription at his home 
address and send a carbon or duplicate copy to the 
Washington address os well. Names and home ad- 
dresses are as follows: Honorable Joseph E. Davies, 
3029 Klingle Road, Washington, D. C; Dr. Dan Poling, 
419 Fourth Avenue, New York City; Honorable Samuel 
I. Roseman, 165 Broadway, New York City; Mrs. Anna 
Rosenberg, Public and Industrial Relations Consultant, 
444 Madison Avenue. New York City; Truman K. Gib- 
son, Jr., 3507 S. Parkway, Chicago, 111.; Dr. Harold W. 
Dodds, President, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J., 
Rev. Edmond A. Walsh, Vice-president, Georgetown 
University, 37th and O Streets, N, W., Washington, D. C; 
Dr. Karl T. Compton. Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, Cambridge, Mass.; Charles E. Wilson, President, 
General Electric Company, 570 Lexington Avenue, New 
York City. The Washington address of all of them is 
Office of the President's Advisory Commission on Uni- 
versal Training, John H. Ohley, Executive Secretary. 
1712 G Street. N. W.. Washington, D. C. 

General Brotherhood Boco'd 

The General Brotherhood Board met at the Bethany 
Biblical Seminary on Jan. 9 and 10 and completed its 
organization as follows: chairman, Rufus D. Bowman; 
vice-chairman, Calvert N. Ellis; general secretary, Ray- 
mond R. Peters. The division of the board into com- 
missions was as follows: Commission on Christian Edu- 
cation, chairman, A. C. Baugher, William Beahm, A. G. 
Breidenstein, M. C. Miller and W. W. Peters; Commis- 
sion on Christian Service, chairman, Paul H. Bowman, 
C. E. Davis, Warren Bowman, Hylton Harman and Gor- 
don Shull; Commission on Finance, chairman, C. N. 
Ellis, John W. Metzger, R. E. Mohler, Harl Russell and 
R. W. Schlosser; Commission on Foreign Missions, chair- 
man, Newton Long, S. L. Bamhart, V. F. Schwalm, Ruw 
fus D. Bowman and M. J. Brougher; Commission on 
Ministry and Home Missions, chairman, Earl H. Bow- 
man, Harper Will, Rufus Bucher, Burton Metzler and 
Charles E. Zunkel. A fuller account of the board's ac- 
tivities will appear later. 

the ciHDSs, one which presents a timely emphasis as 
we look forward to the evangelistic interests at Easter. 
As a $2.00 book it will be available to ministers 
of the Church of the Brethren at the Gish Fund dis- 
count, or for $1.60 for a personal copy. For March, the 
club will offer a book by a Brethren writer. The book 
will be His Days and Ours, by Dr. Charles C. Ellis. In 
this book the days of the Passion Week are interpreted 
in terms of their meaning for us today. You will find 
here the eloquent and reverent treatment so character- 
istic of the author. His Days and Ours is a lovely little 
book that will invite reading and do you good. The 
list price is $1.00; to ministers of the Church of the 
Brethren, 80c for a copy. 

Victorious Living radio broadcasts will feature dur- 
ing National Youth Week, Jan. 26 — Feb. 2, a special 
series of interviews with outstanding young people ac- 
tive in the church life of America. Those being inter- 
viewed include the winners of the 1946 Parshad Youth 
Week scholarships, Charlene Schick of Duncan, Okla., 
and Rhodes Thompson of Paris, Ky.; Carrie Dollar, Chi- 
cago, president of the Baptist Youth Fellowship; Evelyn 
Roberson, Chicago, president of the International Afri- 
can Methodist Episcopal Youth Council; Jim Young, 
Glenview, 111.; Renton Brown, Scotland; and Adele 
Ringstrom, Seattle, Wash. 

From Oklahoma City the following telegram arrived 
just as this Messenger was going to press: "The beautiful 
Oklahoma City church burned Saturday night, Jan. 11, 
caused by gas furnace. The entire building, excluding 
the basement, destroyed. Heartsick members with un- 
dying courage met Sunday and cleaned out debris and 
planned to rebuild. Since insurance will not cover total 
damage, contributions will be appreciated. Story to fol- 
low. Harley Stump." 

The following senators comprise the new senate com- 
mittee on armed services: C. Gumey (S. Dak.), E. V. 
Robertson (Wyo.), G. A. Wilson (la.), L. Saltonstall 
(Mass.), W. Morse (Ore.), R. E. Baldwin (Conn.), M. E. 
Tydings (Md.), R. B. Russell (Ga.), H. F. Byrd (Va.), 
L. Hill (Ala.), H. M. Kilgore (W. Va.), B. R. Maybank 
(S. C). Letters to these senators as well as to the 
senators from your own state are now in order. 

Twenty-six large boxes of toys were shipped to Dr. 
Eldon Burke in Germany for distribution among Ger- 
man children. Some of these had been prepared for the 
children of Puerto Rico but since more toys came m 
than could be distributed in Puerto Rico these boxes 
were directed to Germany. 

The Bureau of Census, Washington, D. C , asks us to 
announce that the 1946 census of religious bodies will 
get under way very soon. The last such census was taken 
in 1936, ten years ago. They ask us to urge that every 
church return the census material as soon as possible 
after it is received. 

Interdenominational churchmen's conferences were 
held in New Jersey and Pennsylvania recently "to help 
Christian leaders keep abreast of current political, legis- 
lative and social proposals." Many denominations are 
seeking to render this sort of service through their 
church papers. 

The new soap factory at Nappanee, Ind., can turn out 
a ton of soap a day. The Brethren are asked to send 
fats to this factory. Containers will be supplied for 
shipping purposes. Write to Nappanee. 

Indiana Churches Send Personal Representatives 
to Washington 

The Christian churches of America are sending heif- 
ers and food to help save the lives of the starving and 
homeless people of Europe. This is an immediate need 
and should be done, but should we not begin to think 
of getting at the causes which create such catastrophes? 

Because of this expressed concern, seventy Church 
of the Brethren ministers and laymen and their wives 
in the Middle District of Indiana met at Wabash, Ind., 
on Jan. 11. It was an emergency meeting called to ex- 
amine and evaluate President Truman's plan for peace- 
time military conscription. Forum discussions were led 
by Dan West, national director of peace education, Mark 
Schrock, regional director of peace education, Charles 
Rohrer and C. Ray Keim. 

The military men believe that peacetime military 
conscription is the way to preserve peace. The Church 
of the Brethren believes that the way to lose our de- 
mocracy and freedom is to adopt the compulsory mili- 
tary practices from which we had hoped to be able 
to liberate the enslaved people of the Old World. 

"In less than fifty days," said Dan West, "unless we 
are awake the military-minded men who are attempt- 
ing to rule America may force peacetime military con- 
scription on the young men of our nation. Should we 
not, before it is too late, send representatives to Wash- 
ington to urge our senators and congressmen to save 
America, the last stronghold of democracy and religious 
freedom, from the blighting effects of peacetime mili- 
tary conscription?" 

Three decisions were made by the assembled group. 
The first was to send representatives at once to Wash- 
ington to express personally the group's opposition to 
President Truman's plan for peacetime military con- 
scription. Clarence Sink and Charles Rohrer are among 
those asked to go. 

The second decision was to suggest that as many con- 
gregations of the Church of the Brethren as possible in 
the district and in the nation send ministers or lay- 
men to register their opposition to the peacetime mili- 
tary plan. 

In the third place it was suggested that churches of 
all denominations, and labor, educational, and farm or- 
ganizations who share our deep concern about conscrip- 
tion, also send personal representatives to Washington 
and that they also write their legislative officials. 

Information was presented that already a consider- 
able number of congregations in Indiana and Ohio have 
arranged to send representatives to the nation's capital. 
Bro. H. F. Richards, pastor of the North Manchester 
congregation, has already left for Washington. 

• • • 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


The Joint Council 

Continued from page 15 

fort of both the church here and 
the church in America. We dare 
not withdraw our support yet. 
Should we have to withdraw en- 
tirely from the field and leave 
the Church of the Brethren in 
India to itself and to its own re- 
sources it would not perish; it 
would live and grow and carry 
on as the church in America has 
done through the past. But the 
evangelization of these million 
people would be greatly delayed. 
The task is so immense and so 
urgent that we must never slack- 
en our effort but all of us to- 
gether must press forward with 
still greater zeal. 

The church in India wishes to 
keep Bose, connection and fel- 
lowship : with the church in 
America.^ and desires that you 
eohtiiiuea to support the work 
he'r^' ;v5^ftli''your daily prayers and 
workers and financial aid as 
needed. The church is eager to 
push out into the unoccupied 
areas where there is as great a 
need as ever for real mission 
work. The preacher of the gos- 
pel must be sent and the Word 
preached to every village still in 
ignorance. This is our united 

Missions and Relief 
L. A. Blickenstaff 

Bombay, India 

THERE are those who when 
they think of missions and 
relief see a contrast rather 
than the close relationship which 
should, and in many cases does, 
exist between the two efforts. 
Actually there should be no con- 
flict, for in reality the purposes 
are one and the motives behind 
both are the same. Those who 
have given thought, and, still 
more important, those who have 
given life and experience to 
either missions or relief, see one 
purpose, one motive and one 
united effort. If there is a dif- 
ference it is likely to be found 


only in approach and emphasis. 

A majority of missionaries 
with wide experience on foreign 
fields feel their whole term of 
service has been very decidedly 
a program of relief without con- 
flict with missionary motives 
and purposes. What can be 
more a program of relief than 
the ministry of healing as con- 
ducted by missionary doctors 
and nurses in mission hospitals 
and dispensaries? It is a relief 
program of the highest order. 
The whole educational program 
in any major mission field is de- 
cidedly relief in the long look 
ahead. Missions also conduct 
industrial, rural uplift and re- 
construction, co-operatives, and 
philanthrophic homes for wid- 
ows, orphans and the blind; all 
these are direct relief projects. 
Or what cai^be more surely re- 
lief than th^ evangelistic pro- 
gram of a well-organized and 
ordered mission? It requires no 
exercise of the imagination to 
classify the release of benighted 
souls from the bondage of sin, 
and freedom from the binding 
requirements of non-Christian 
religious practices, as relief of 
the highest order. 

In its various programs of re- 
lief, missionaries and wise mis- 
sionary administrators have 
quite properly insisted that all 
relief work be missionary. That 
does not mean that Christian 
missions and relief service are 
rendered in any sense condition- 
al on acceptance or conformity 
to a Christian faith and certainly 
there can be nothing which sug- 
gests coercion to produce any 
such adherence or conformity. 
On the other hand, it is possible 
to feed a hungry Europe or In- 
dia, or the world and the recipi- 
ents not only remain ignorant of 
who supplies the relief but quite 
uninformed as to why relief was 
given. It is only fair to those 
who provide money and mate- 
rials for relief that those who re- 
ceive them should know in 
whose name help is given. Just 
as Jesus went about doing good, 

feeding the hungry, healing the 
sick, raising the dead, and 
preaching the gospel to the poor 
and needy, missionaries and re- 
lief workers without making 
distinctions should go about 
their various tasks. If their 
work is done in the spirit of the 
compassionate Christ and fol- 
lowed up with interest and 
earnest prayer, they may be 
confident that it will produce an 
effective witness for him. The 
ministry of Jesus could hardly 
be classified mission or relief. 
Even so, should not the ministry 
of missionaries and relief work- 
ers be such that the question 
need not arise? 

No one should be disturbed or 
overconcerned about the present 
emphasis placed on direct relief 
to a needy, hungry and, in many 
places, a starving world. The 
Christian church could hardly be 
less compassionate towards a 
needy world and be Christlike. 
When the world is better fed it 
may be more ready to under- 
stand the love and compassion 
behind the service which saved 
its life. Let the world under- 
stand who is saving its life and 
why, and let relief administra- 
tion keep its motive and purpose 
so high that it will be worthy of 
understanding when the world 
later is ready to listen and eval- 
uate the reason for relief. 

For fifty years the Church of 
the Brethren mission has been 
doing relief work in India. Ac- 
tually the mission was born in 
a "manger" of relief. A number 
who are now Indian church 
leaders came from famine- 
stricken areas for care under our 
first missionaries. That relief 
work has been truly missionary. 
It is reasonable to expect that 
missionary work will continue to 
be relief and it is not unreason- 
able to expect that relief work 
shall be increasingly missionary. 
Why does the Church of the 
Brethren have a Brethren Ser- 
vice Committee as well as a 
General Mission Board? Cer- 
tainly not that any one desires 

to divide our interests or to make 
them competitive. Present 
world conditions and the Church 
of the Brethren response there- 
to demand a special emphasis 
and a special service to meet 
these most pressing needs. Some 
of these needs can and are being 
met by the General Mission 
Board in places where it has for 
years maintained an active or- 
ganization. It is gratifying that 
in China, India and throughout 
the East, even including Japan, 
where the General Mission 
Board has not had organized 
work, the relief program of the 
Church of the Brethren will be 
administered by the General 
Mission Board, and funds raised 
by the Brethren Service Com- 
mittee are being made available 
for the General Mission Board's 
administration. This challenges 
the effort of every mission and 
every missionary of the board to 
re-examine purposes, motives 
and programs. Perhaps if mis- 
sion programs had been more 
comprehensive and missionary 
administration more alert and 
responsive to changing world 
needs, a relief or service pro- 
g r a m, separately organized, 
would not have been necessary. 
The Church of the Brethren 
mission in all fields needs fairly 
and honestly to face the question 
of how faithfully it has initi- 
ated and developed programs 
which demonstrate the prin- 
ciples of our historic peace po- 
sition. Do our young churches 
in our mission fields understand 
and appreciate the Church of 
the Brethren's position on war 
and peace? If not, why not? The 
Brethren Service Committee 
wants that position made quite 
clear on all mission fields and 
the General Mission Board, its 
missions and missionaries must 
give emphasis to an effort to 
make that doctrine known and 
practiced. If it cannot be done 
by existing agencies in the fields, 
criticism should not become bit- 
ter if those who hold such prin- 
ciples dear endeavor in a sep- 

arate program to put them into 
practice. Such a program if re- 
quired should not be considered 
competitive to the existing mis- 
sion program. 

Progress of the Medical 


Laura M. CottrelL M. D. 

PIONEER work always 
means beginning with lit- 
tle and growing to larger 
things. With no buildings, few 
instruments and a limited sup- 
ply of medicines work was be- 
gun by going into the homes. 
In many ways this was an ad- 
vantage in learning to use the 
new language and to understand 
better the customs and manner 
of life of the people. It also af- 
forded opportunities of teaching 
some rules of sanitation and 
health, but best of all of giving 
the good news of the gospel. 

It was no unusual experience 
to find the patient on a mat on 
the floor or on a very low bed. 
Sometimes it become necessary 
to do operations with only a 
smoky lantern for a light. Fre- 
quently cattle, goats and chick- 
ens are housed in the same room 
with the family. Often when I 
worked alone it would be neces- 
sary to have some member of the 
family as an "assistant." 

As the years went on equip- 
ment was gradually increased. 
First a single cupboard served 
as dispensary, laboratory and a 
place for supplies. Then a small 
room was put into use; soon an 
adjoining room was added; the 
narrow veranda also served as 
examining and treatment room. 
Later a line of rooms was built, 
these rooms being so arranged 
that patients and their friends 
could come — a plan much liked 
by the Indian people. Another 
building was erected in which 
were examining and dressing 
rooms, dispensing rooms and 
storerooms; there was also an 
operating room more adequate- 
ly equipped. A staff of Christian 
nurses, compounder, dressers 

and others came to help; by their 
efficient and loving service they 
were witnesses of God's love. 

From almost the beginning of 
the work two evangelists, a man 
and a woman, with special train- 
ing have served in the hospital 
They give full time to spreading 
the gospel message. Students in 
the Bible school have practical 
training in witnessing in the 

When one looks back over the 
years and thinks of the progress 
made there are outward, visible, 
physical things such as build- 
ings, equipment, enlarged staff, 
many more patients and opened 
villages. There is great need for 
more buildings, equipment and 
trained workers. Many times 
inpatients must be turned away 
because of lack of room. There 
are many calls and opportuni- 
ties for extension of the work. 

While we look at these "seen" 
things, there are also "not seen" 
things which are of eternal 
value. On an average day there 
are nearly two hundred pa- 
tients, and at times two hundred 
seventy or more. Counting 
about an equal number of 
friends accompanying the pa- 
tients there is opportunity If 
giving a Christian message daily 
to from three hundred to five 
hundred people. Many have re- 
turned to their homes, realizing 
that only the true and living God 
is to be worshiped and that all 
who believe on the Lord Jesus 
Christ will have eternal life. 
Some buy tracts, gospels, New 
Testaments and Bibles and 
hymnbooks to use at home. Fre- 
quently they say they come here 
because it is a place "where God 

While the medical work meets 
a great need, the gospel is the 
perfect answer to man's greatest 
need. In this dual ministry to 
body and soul the highest aim of 
the work is to make known him 
who is the way, the truth and 
the life. 

JANUARY 25. 1947 


B^eUi/ie4^ Se^uUce^ 

Put an End to This? 

Th.^ men in this picture are unloading bags 
of flour in France. If you will look carefully 
you will see the Brethren Service Committee 
label on the bag being held by the man on the 
right. Someone in this country donated money 
or wheat so that this flour could be sent over- 
seas. It will go into food for people who have 
not known what a square meal was for several 
years, people to whom life has become pretty 
bitter and hopeless. It will give them new 
strength and courage. In Poland, Austria, 
Germany, Italy, and m^ny other countries 
needy people are hoping against hope for this 
kind of help. The Brethren Service Committee 
has plans to provide it, but flnancial support 
is faltering. In the last three months we have 
given $160,000 less to Brethren service than 
during the same period for last year. Ask 
yourself and your church, "Are we ready to 
shut off help to the needy? Can we afford to 
let up while widespread suffering continues?" 

Church World Service 

Children in the Rubble 

IT IS always a shock, when facts 
and figures turn into real people. 
"Hundreds of Berlin children 
must miss school this winter for lack 
of shoes. One in every three of 
Berlin's five hundred thousand chil- 
dren needs shoes." These are state- 
ments of German welfare workers. 
They describe a need that any re- 
lief organization should recognize in 
Berlin. I should like to add to it 
my experience of yesterday. 

I attended a children's singing fes- 
tival, the first of its kind ever held 
in Berlin. Ten nursery and day- 
time care centers in the Steglitz dis- 
trict were assembled to sing the 
songs they had been learning in 
their respective centers. The chil- 
dren were from three to fourteen 
years of age. A small orchestra 
played an assortment of toylike in- 
struments. In the rubble that is 
Berlin, children's musical instru- 
ments are not exactly plentiful. Nev- 
ertheless their love of music found 
expression through a toy c^rum, a 
triangle, two wooden clarinets, and 
three little girls using bird - call 



A careful observer reports from 

whistles. In an unheated room where 
I was cold with coat and gloves 
these children climbed on to the 
stage without coats. 

During the intermission when 
children seated in the audience re- 
placed those on the stage I realized 
I had never heard such a clatter. I 
looked down to see how small feet 
could make so much noise. 

On the front row a girl of six was 
wearing a weird combination of 
adult-size arctic and shoe. What 
had once been an adult's rain boot 
had been cut down in height and 
had a leather sole sewed to the bot- 
tom. I do not describe it very well 
because truly I never saw such a 
foot covering before. The little girl 
who used the bird-call whistle in 
the orchestra wore what might have 
been her older brother's high lace 
shoes. Strings were doing nicely for 
shoe laces. Two tiny girls that were 
a part of the clatter that aroused 
me paraded by again. No wonder! 
They had apparently had access to 
some American shoe box. On their 

small feet Were American lady's 
strap pumps, originally built for 
high heels. The high heels had been 
sawed off discreetly. One of the 
older boys sauntered by quietly; 
here was a perfect child — not so 
much noise to him. He had been to 
some American shoe bag and foimd 
a college girl's discarded brown and 
white saddle shoes with rubber soles. 
They were not a perfect fit, but they 
were intact even to broken and tied 
shoelaces. And finally a little lad 
walked by with such a swishing 
sound and so much flapping that I 
began to suspect a snowshoe. But, 
no, it was just the paper insole that 
had gradually slipped out through 
the gap in the front of the shoe be- 
tween the leather toe and the worn- 
out sole. 

Somehow now that I have written ' 
all this I feel guilty. These children 
were so proud and here I am point- 
ing out weaknesses in their appear- 
ance over which they had no con- 
trol. After all, they were from the 
lesser-bombed section of Berlin; they 
were the privileged children, able 
to dress for a public appearance on 
the stage; they had some kind of 

shoe. Imagine what a more desti- 
tute area might have produced. Why 
do I not just concentrate on their 
hopeful faces and their singing, 
which was really very good? Why 
don't I? I try — but today it is cold 
and rainy and somehow I can only 
think about children's shoes. 

Grease for Peace 

Seven dollars a pound for waste 
fats! No, that is not the current 
price you get in the butcher shop; 
it is the worth when made into 
soap and shipped overseas. 

To meet the terrible soap short- 
age which is now forcing vermin 
and disease on millions of respect- 
able human beings abroad, the 
Brethren Service Committee has just 
opened a soap factory at Nappanee, 
Indiana. On December 19 the first 
soap was actually poured. Bill 
Wheeler, builder and operator, esti- 
mates that the factory will turn out 
approximately a ton of soap per day. 
Bill, an ex-C.P.S. man who was at 
Camp Magnolia and Norwich, Conn., 
state hospital, built the plant from 
scrap materials at one half the esti- 
mated costs. 

To estimate the value of this ton 
a day is impossible. At current mar- 
ket value here it is worth at least 
$600. To the thousands abroad to 
whom it will be the first soap seen 
in many months the output of the 
Nappanee plant will mean return to 
health, freedom from vermin, and a 
new sense of decency. Try to imag- 
ine bathing and laundering in cold 
soapless water for months and you 
will know what soap means to hu- 
man beings overseas. 

To give all Brethren a chance to 
contribute waste fats for soap B.S.C. 
has bought 500 five-gallon army 
water cans which may be shipped 
to churches and individuals for de- 
positing kitchen and butchering fats. 
The cans are built to stand shipping 
back and forth many times. City 
churches can keep the cans in their 
kitchens. Rural churches might col- 
lect much waste from hog butcher- 
ings. Hog fat is especially needed, 
says Bill Wheeler, to soften the tal- 
low now being used at Nappanee. 

Individuals and churches desiring 
grease cans may obtain them by 
writing the service centers at New 
Windsor or Nappanee, to which filled 
cans should be returned. If you 
want to keep one on hand at all 
times ask for an empty container 
when you return the full one. 

During the war we were urged 
to save waste fats for ammunition. 
Now, we can all give with a clear 
conscience — grease for peace! 


Investors for Peace 

If another war comes, can Western civilization's ruin be far behind? 
No, say scientists, educators. Brethren churchmen, and community leaders 
who echo this picture of a dismal future unless the world's peoples learn 
to live together in peace. 

Realizing the urgency of this situation, the Annual Conference of 1946 
made the following resolution: "This Conference would lay upon the 
various pastors, boards, and committees the responsibility of planning and 
executing a vigorous and widespread program of peace education based 
upon the principles and teachings of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ." 

Under the direction of the Brethren Service Committee, this resolution 
is being given vital expression in the church program. But the successful 
realization of the ideal of world brotherhood requires many Christians who 
are willing to devote a significant amount of their income and interest to 
securing the peace, or it will elude us. It is up to us to answer the question 
whether or not we want to live in peace. So the call comes for INVESTORS 

What Wai My Investment Do? 

1. It will help pay eocpenses of a man placed in Washington to direct 
ottr part of the fight against universal military training. 

2. It will open the door to a whole field of new peacemaking activities. 

3. It will enable the church to support personnel and produce literature 
in a vigorous effort for world-wide disarmamant. 

4. It will help develop local leadership through special institutes. 

5. It will help to pay the travel expenses of regional peace consultants. 

6. It will make possible co-operation with other denominations in the 
wider effort for peace. 

How Can I Become an Investor? " ' 

Every person contributing $10 to $1,000 or more becomes an INVESTOR 
FOR PEACE, and as such will receive an appropriate certificate. 

This is not a call for tithes and offerings which are destined to serve 
the kingdom in other ways. Rather, this is a call for support from those 
folk who, conscious of the urgent need for a strong effort to rid the world 
of war, are willing to invest over and above their usual tithes and offerings. 

Are you among those concerned Christians who see the need of con- 
structive action for peace in a world already mangled by two world wars? 
Here is your opportunity to act! 

Investments can be made through the local treasurer or direct to the 
General Boards, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, 111. In either case the local 
congregation will be given credit in its record of giving. Do not forget to 
include your name and congregation with the investment and be sure to 

Plans for Action 

• Basically this is a call for individual response. Therefore, each in- 
dividual should consider this a personal challenge. 

• Many who become INVESTORS FOR PEACE should be active in 
enlisting other INVESTORS from the local community. There are some 
non-Brethren folk who would be glad to become INVESTORS. 

• A number of Sunday - school classes, men's work organizations, 
B.Y.P.D.'s, and other church organizations might strive for and achieve 

Here is one of your opportunities to become a PEACEMAKER! 



General Boards 

22 South State Street 

Elgin, Illinois 

I am enclosing $ as an early contribution to the work of 

world peace. I plan to give $ per month D per quarter D 

per half year D during 1947. 


Congregation State District 

Street or Rural Route 

City Zone Slate 

"Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God." 

^Ue. eku^tck at Wvik 

How to Make a Community Survey 

James H. EIrod 

McPherson, Kansas 

To conduct properly a community 
survey, or census, is no easy task. 
Anyone who attempts it without se- 
rious study and thorough prepara- 
tion wUl get only superficial results. 
One of the first obstacles is the false 
impression that anyone living in the 
community for a number of years 
knows all about it. Only a thorough 
scientific survey can give you the 
facts as they really exist. There are 
at least seven things that must be 
seriously considered in any census if 
it is to be accurate and a success. 
They are enumerated in the follow- 
ing paragraphs. 

Develop the Projeci Co-opexalivel7 

Wherever it is possible, a commu- 
nity survey should be made a co- 
operative experience. This wiU give 
prestige and wUl prompt greater 
community co-operation. Then, too, 
the final use of the information dis- 
covered will more likely be used if 
all interested parties participate in 
it. Where more than one church iS 
represented in the community, it is 
also good Christianity to work co- 
operatively. Some of the fellowship 
growing out of such experiences 
strengthens the impact of religion in 
the community. 

Define Your Purpose 

Your first question should always 
be, "Why make a community sur- 
vey?" There are a number of an- 
swers to such a question. It may be 
that the interest is in finding the 
total population of the community. 
This is always an important bit of 
information so far as any group is 

concerned. It could be to discover 
the religious complexion of the com- 
munity, to see whether it is pre- 
dominantly of any one religious 
faith. Or the survey may be made 
to determine and to discover those 
who are unchurched. Any one of 
these may be a sufficient reason for 
making a survey. All will be of 
very great value, provided they are 
properly used. Define your purpose. 

Define Your Community 

It is essential, in the third place, 
that those responsible for making 
a survey determine the area to be 
surveyed. Just how far from the 
center of interest should one "reach 
in the survey? Unless the area is 
clearly defined the accuracy of the 
survey will be impaired. The bounds 
of the area should be adhered to 
rigidly. The usual area surveyed in 

a rural setting is that within a five- 
mile radius of the church. Where 
surveys are made in urban areas an 
attempt should be made to reach 
every famUy unit. This usually re- 
quires a co-operative venture. 

Discover and Train Your Workers 

Usually it is not difficult to find 
persons who are willing to go out 
on a siarvey. Young people are usu- 
ally excellent workers on a project 
of this kind. If a sufficient num- 
ber of census takers do not volun- 
teer it may be necessary to enlist 
some by other means. A sufficient 
number should be enlisted to com- 
plete, the work in approximately two 
hoiu^. It is best to go two and two. 
No team should have more than ten 
to twenty calls. 

The matter of training workers is 
of first importance. A luncheon set- 
ting provides a splendid opportunity 
for such a training period. Every 
census taker should be present for 
the training period else the uniform- 
ity in your census materials will not 
be maintained. The following are 
some imperatives if successful cen- 
sus work is to be done: (1) Select a 
captain for each five teams. The 
director with the captains should go 
over the entire project and should 
divide the territory in such a way 
as to equalize* the work of the teams. 
Clearly defined areas are important 
to prevent confusion and overlap- 
ping and to insure completeness and 
accuracy. (2) Provide each team 
with a sketched map of the specific 
area for which they are responsible. 
(3) Explain all survey materials 
thoroughly. Hand samples of ma- 
terials to census takers and allow 
them to ask questions. (4) Give in- 

With the Minister 

H. L. Hortsough 



Recently I visited one of ovir promising young ministers who had passed 
his thirtieth birthday. From the members of his church I learned that he 
is preaching better sermons and is a better pastor each year. They said, 
"We have a finer pastor each year without changing pastors." The district 
leaders said about him, "He is maturing in his leadership in the district in 
a splendid way." To be able to outdo our own record each year is a worth- 
while accomplishment. The attempt to live on our past record is fatal. 

This pastor made a significant remark as we talked. He said, "It is 
time I am selecting some field for special study and research along with 
my pastoral work." This means that he is not satisfied with his general 
improvement and ministry. He wants to make a real contribution in some 
special field. Thus, in time, he will enrich all of our work by his contribu- 
tion and while doing so he wUl find a new joy in his own ministry. 

No man becomes great by making greatness his goal. When we make 
a complete commitment to a worthy cause our names become associated 
with the cause to which we gave our best. Thus we wiU be known and 
remembered in connection with the cause to which we made a real con- 
tribution. "He that loses his life shall find it." 

struction on meeting difficulties. 
Some problem reactions are: "We 
are here only temporarily," "There 
is too much census taking," "We are 
not church people and it is none of 
the church's business who we are 
and what we are," "We have no re- 
ligious preference." The view 
should always be maintained that 
all should co-operate in the interest 
of a complete survey. Usually by 
just continuing with the questions, 
such arguments can be passed by. If 
a community is strongly Catholic, 
fuller co-operation may be had by 
first approaching the priest. (5) 
Where more than one church is rep- 
.resented in a household make a com- 
plete record for each church. (6) 
Whether to ask the age of adults or 
not should be determined before 
launching the canvass. Some classi- 
fy adults as E, Elder, M, Middle, Y, 
Young Adult. All under twenty- 
one should be listed according to ac- 
curate ages. (7) When families are 
not at home, "call backs" should be 
made as soon as possible. At least 
two "call backs" should be made 
before other methods are used. As 
a final resort a mailing card, already 
prepared, may be left to be filled in 
by the absent family. (8) If apart- 
ment houses are to be entered, pre- 
vious arrangements should be made 
with the custodian or the owner so 
that no conflicts will arise, and acces- 
sibility to apartments may be had. 
(9) The foUowing "do's" and "don'ts" 
for census takers are very important. 
These are as suggested by the Na- 
tional Christian Teaching Mission 
(with minor alterations). 


Make a careful, prayerful preparation. 

Go into every home. Get a report on 
every person. 

Express the cordiality and joy of Chris- 
tian fellowship. 

Fill in every blank for every person. 

Get exact ages below twenty-one. 

Get correct initials and spelling of 

Write (or print) plainly. Unreadable re- 
ports are useless. 

Make a first report as soon as possible. 

Follow up every unsuccessful call. 

Make your report at the earliest possible 


Ask for special assignments or arrange- 

Be rebuffed; meet coolness with cor- 

Guess or use secondhand Information. 

"Beat around the bush." Be business- 
like but friendly. 

Discuss the merits of any church or re- 

Exhort or advise people about their re- 
ligious duties or needs. 

Linger to visit. Leave with thanks for 
Information given, y 

Get outside your territory. 

Quit until your job is done and your 
report is in. 

Demand Completeness 

The value of any survey is largely 
determined by its completeness. Ev- 
ery type of living quarter should 
be visited. In urban centers, espe- 
cially, it is important carefully to 
check garages, trailers, backyard 
buildings and temporary apartments. 
Be free to inquire with regard to 
extra occupants. Any unreached 
families or individuals make the 
census of less value. 

Digest Your Materials 

The interpretation of the facts in 
the survey are of primary import- 
ance. What are some of the values 
to be had from a community census? 
Some facts of value are: (1) the total 
population, (2) religious complexion 
of the community, (3) the denomina- 
tional preference of the people, (4) 
the number of unchurched people in 
the community, (5) the number of 
people without a church preference, 
(6) the percentage of people having 
church affiliations, (7) the number of 
persons in the various age groups, 
(8) the stability of the community so 
far as movability is concerned, (9) 
the percentage of people attending 
religious services either regularly or 
occasionally, etc. 

Determine to Make the Survey 

A survey for the sake of a survey 
is not enough. A survey which does 
not place every person of the com- 
munity on the responsibility list of 
some church does not serve its great- 
est purpose. Cards or papers stacked 
in some study shelf or filed in some 
drawer are useless. 

As soon as the survey is completed 
immediate steps should be taken to 
put the information into usable 
form. The separation of materials 
according to denominational affilia- 
tion and according to preference 
should be the first task. If repre- 
sentatives of these groups are not 
present this information should be 
turned over to responsible parties. 
Materials should never be allowed 
to get into the hands of those who 
would use them for purposes of ex- 

When all having religious affilia- 
tions and church preferences have 
been separated then the materials 
listing those of no preference should 
be considered. If a number of groups 
are co-operating, then assignment 
should be made according to near- 
ness to the church. If only one 
group is involved, then all such are 
the responsibility of that group. 
What happens from this point on is 
the most important thing so far as 
the survey is concerned. 

For the next two weeks, these 
pages will carry excerpts irom a 
demonstration on a community re- 
ligious survey and visitation pro- 

Brotherhood News . . . 

Brethren Fellowship With Sister 
Churches in Pennsylvania 

The four - group fellowship of 
southeastern Pennsylvania met on 
Dec. 7 at the First Schwenkfelder 
church of Philadelphia to com- 
memorate the tenth year of its ex- 
istence. On July 26, 1937, the Men- 
nonites, Schwenkfelders, Brethren 
and Friends met for the first time to 
establish an association whose chief 
merit should be its fellowship 

The Rev. Harvey Heebner, pastor 
of the host church, welcomed the 
group, summarizing the spirit of the 
meeting with the words of Malachi: 
"They that loved the Lord spake 
often one to another." J. Herbert 
Fretz, Lester K. Kister, B. F. Waltz, 
and Donald G. Baker, representing 
the four participating groups, spoke 
briefly on the theme. What Is the 
Message of the Churdhes to the 
World Today? Such phrases as the 
following represented the trend of 
thinking: "a saving faith," "true,, 
separated life," "a changeless Christ 
for a changing age," "a church that 
has learned to sell itself," "a changed 
church," and "dedicated minds," 

Dr. William E. Powell, newly ap- 
pointed executive secretary of the 
Philadelphia Council of Churches, 
spoke briefly on the nature and 
function of the local council. 

The Rev. Wilmer H. Long, pastor 
of the Trinity Evangelical and Re- 
formed Church of Norristown, Pa., 
presented the film, Mission of Mercy 
to Macedonia. This is the story of 
Nanorta, a Guernsey heifer, as she 
made her journey from Silver Lake 
Farm, Montgomery County, Pa., to 
ancient Kavella in Macedonia, 
northeast Greece. The heifer went 
into the area, oddly enough, from 
which Paul, the apostle to the Gen- 
tiles, had received relief contribu- 
tions for early church needs. — El- 
mer Q. Gleim, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Central Region Women Meet 

This year the women had five ses- 
sions during the conference of the 
Central Region. Our chairmen were 
Mrs. T. A. Shively, Mrs. G. W. Phil- 
lips, Mrs. Allen Weldy, Mrs. L. S. 
Shively, and Mrs. V. F. Schwalm. 
Devotions were given at each mom- 

JANUAHY 25, 1947 


ing session with Mrs. Edward Zieg- 
ler, Mrs. Ira T. Hiatt, and Mrs. A. E. 
Taylor as our leaders. This year 
our outside speaker was Mrs. Percy 
R. Hayward, who works with her 
husband in writing many study 
guides and counseling articles. She 
was an energetic speaker and was 
greatly enjoyed. Her morning ad- 
dress was on the subject, The Re- 
sponsibility of the Home Today, and 
after lunch she led a discussion on 
Home Problems. The next morning 
Mrs. Paul Halladay, Indiana state 
president of the W.C.T.U., gave an 
inspirational talk on Teaching Tem- 
perance in the Home. Her audience 
became so enthusiastic that they 
begged for another session; this was 
an early evening period when sev- 
eral film strips were shown. In the 
afternoon another (|)f our women, 
Mrs. Dan West, gave a talk on teach- 
ing stewardship. 

Our last session pulled several 
loose ends together, so that we left 
conference feeling renewed. Mrs. 
Schwalm took care of the usual and 
necessary business and introduced 
Miss Rosemary Holderreed of Elgin, 
who explained the work of the girls 
who volunteered a year of service 
at the Elgin state hospital. She 
suggested that we find girls who 
would carry on the work which has 
had such a splendid beginning. Time 
was given at the conclusion of the 
session for each district to tell of 
any unusual project they were spon- 
soring. — Mrs. V. F. Schwalm, North 
Manchester, Ind. 


Religious News . . . 

Baptist College Gives Free 
Course to Veterans' Wives 

Franklin College, Indiana, will 
give one course free to the wives of 
veterans who are enrolled in the 
school, according to President W. G. 
Spencer. The move is designed to 
"bring veterans' wives into the nor- 
mal friendly social life of a small 
church college." Many wives are ex- 
pected to take courses in home eco- 
nomics and home planning. 

French Protestant Youth Group 
Inaugurates Drama Contest 

A contest to encourage the writing 
of good plays that will help to spread 
the Christian gospel has been in- 
augurated in Paris by the Protestant 
Youth Council of France. The con- 
test excludes the "parochial concert 
or Sunday-school type of play," and 
calls instead for "interesting dramas 

which will put over the Christian 
message to mixed audiences." 

The youth council's project is in 
line with a movement by the French 
Reformed Church to promote greater 
interest in the theater as a means of 
stimulating Christian thought and 
action to meet modem social and re- 
ligious needs. 

Methodists Urge Deeper Under- 
standing of Brotherhood 

Recent outbreaks of mob violence 
and race hatred were condemned in 
a resolution adopted by the Board 
of Missioris and Church Extension 
of the Methodist Church at its an- 
nual meeting. 

Calling for "a wider and deeper 
understanding of interracial amity 
and brotherhood," the resolution de- 
clared that "in the tension of this 
atomic age God's imperative for 
true brotherliness weighs heavily 
upon us. In truth, we shall be 
brotherly or we will be damned." 

About Books .... 

Any books mentioned in this column may be secured through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, lUinois. — ^Ed. 

The delegates urged full co-opera- 
tion with all private and govern- 
mental agencies which seek "by ed- 
ucation, moral suasion, and legal 
restraint, to achieve real brother- 
hood in practice." 

Other resolutions recommended: 
that the U.S. give its full co-opera- 
tion to the establishment of the 
United Nations Trusteeship Council, 
and that territories in the Pacific oc- 
cupied by the U. S. be placed under 
the council's jurisdiction; that the 
U. S. support an interim relief pro- 
gram upon the end of UNRRA; that 
this country receive its share of 
refugees and integrate them into its 
normal life; and that President Tru- 
man declare a Christmas amnesty 
for all conscientious objectors in 
prison or on parole. 

Dawson Sees Need for New Biilh 
of Spiritual Religion 

A new birth of spiritual religion, 
coupled with a revived leadership 



Think on These Things. Stuart 
R. Oglesby. John Knox Press, 1946. 
103 pages. $1.25. 

Using Paul's wise words in Phil. 
4:8, a pastor makes a good case for 
sounder and more fruitful thinking 
on the part of Christians building 
upon the foundation of the Chris- 
tian faith. The teaching is enriched 
by many effective illustrations out 
of literature and life. It should help 
the Christian in his living, and bring 
suggestions to the preacher for ser- 
mons.— E. G. Hoff. 

A Mighty Fortress. LeGrand Can- 
non, Jr. Holt, 1946. 328 pages. 

When Mr. Watling, the revivalist, 
stayed at Zeke Peele's New Hamp- 
shire farm, the young boy decided to 
become a preacher. Zeke spent a 
summer with Mr. Watling and three 
years at Andover Seminary. His 
success and failure at a large church 
in Boston, his preaching on the abo- 
lition of slavery, his trial sermon 
at a small village church are de- 
scribed understandingly and in 
some detail. Zeke is far from per- 
fect, but his learning how to use his 
gift of preaching becomes the story 
of a man's struggle to find his happi- 
ness in God's will. — Kenneth Morse. 

Chalk- a-book. United Manufac- 
turers, Inc., 1946. $1.98. 

A large 10x12 book with 6 wash- 
able chalk pages including black- 
board and instructive games, com- 
plete with chalk. The pages can be 
cleaned with a damp cloth. Excel- 

lent for a convalescent child. — 
Genevieve Crist. 

Clear the Track. Louis Slobod- 
kin. Macmillan, 1945. 48 pages. 

A make-believe trip on a make- 
believe train, all very exciting to 
readers of ages four to six. Done 
with Slobodkin's unique style and ir- 
resistible humor. — Genevieve Crist. 

The World's Greatest Prayer and 
Other Sermons. John W. Holland. 
John W. Holland, publisher, 1946. 
158 pages. $2.00. 

These sermons are a group of 
those preached by Dr. Holland over 
radio station WLS within the last 
three or four years. The first four 
deal with the Lord's Prayer. All 
of them reveal the wholesome phi- 
losophy of life and the simplicity 
and understandableness that have 
gained for Dr. Holland a widespread 
hearing over the radio. — Ora W. 

The Fallow Land. Constancio C. 
Vigil. Harper, English reprint in 
1943. 207 pages. $2.50. 

This book was translated from the 
Spanish by Lawrence Smith in 1915. 
It has varied contents: discussions, 
letters, proverbs, parables and pray- 
ers. It is a discussion of suffering, 
illness, punishments and cycles of 
life. This is a book for those who 
like to read slowly and to meditate. 
It is a good source of sentence quo- 
tations for ministers. — Noah Shide- 

Readers Wrile . 

These are excerpts from letters which come to the editor's desk. It is our intention 
not to publish anything here unless permission has been given by the writer. 

These days call for a united effort on 
the part of all believers in Christ. If 
you publish things I do not like, and you 
do some few times, I will not take the 
time to write you a "stinger," for it 
is quicker for me to say a prayer for 
you and better for his kingdom. 

Why can't Christians act like Christians 
in all things? I have felt that you must 
have days that are terribly discourag- 
ing. I hope that this little letter will 
be one of good cheer and that it will let 
you know that there are many who do 
pray for you and your work. 

Let me say that the Messenger is a 
good paper. Being a pastor, I know that 
some of our people are saying just that. 
— H. Austin Cooper, Burkittsville, Md. 

I am blind; I have the Gospel Messen- 
ger read to me regularly by my wife and 
want you to know that I get so many 
helpful suggestions from its grand pages. 
I do not believe there is a church organ, 
which does so much for its readers as 
does this noble piece of literature each 
week. Money could never buy its real 
worth, a value the more noteworthy in 
the age of this nonsense and that. Un- 
like the movies, movie people and the 
general character of this day, one who 
spends even a little time with the Gospel 
Messenger at once acquires that which 
is certain to be stimulating and helpful, 
when and where the reader never 
knows.— Howard B. Burritt, Philadelphia, 

The Gospel Messenger in my opinion 

should devote more space to articles deal- 
ing with (1) the race problem; (2) the 
economic causes of war and of depression, 
the boom and bust cycle, showing how 
lopsided and unfair the present econom- 
ic system is; (3) consumer co-operatives; 
(4) the intellectual background of paci- 
fism; (5) international relations. It 
should try to puncture some of the bal- 
loons of newspaper propaganda; it should 
have more book reviews, not only deal- 
ing with purely religious topics, but also 
dealing with social, economic and politi- 
cal topics; and it would do well to re- 
print, if permission could be obtained, 
articles from the Progressive, Fellowship 
and other liberal magazines. The Breth- 
ren must do more thinking, reading and 
discussing on these problems that con- 
front every civilized person. I realize 
that paper is still difficult to obtain but 
I believe that as soon as possible the 
Messenger should widen its approach in 
seeking after a creative society. 

I feel that you probably have some of 
these changes in mind. Features such as 
Thinking About the News and Around 
the World are certainly helpful. After 
all, a religious person is morally re- 
sponsible for his actions; if we are ig- 
norant and unenlightened about econom- 
ics, war, race relations, etc., we can 
hardly act as responsible Individuals in 
this problem-burdened age; hence a reli- 
gious person will be enlightened about 
these problems and it is not out of place 
for a religious magazine to deal with 
them for the sake of the laity. — Donald 
Burkholder, Octavia, Nebr. 

in the ministry, will be needed to 
cope with the problems arising from 
"the one world now forming," Dr. 
J. M. Dawson, executive secretary of 
the Baptist Joint Conference Com- 
mittee on Public Relations, declared 
in a sermon on How Christianity 
Fared in 1946. 

Reviewing church activities dur- 
ing the year, Dr. Dawson said the 
over-all picture was one of "mingled 
darkness and light." 
• He said the churches had failed to 
solve such questions as the rising 
divorce rate, juvenile delinquency 
and crime, venereal disease, and al- 

Moreover, he stated, there were 
deeply disturbing theological ten- 
sions in a number of major denom- 
inations, notably the Baptist, Epis- 
copalian, Presbyterian and Disciples. 
Dr. Dawson also deplored the di- 
vided strategy of Protestants and 
Roman Catholics toward Russia 
which, he said, intensified the clamor 
for war in an hour when patience 
as well as firmness was needed to 
stabilize the United Nations for en- 
during peace. 

On the other hand. Dr. Dawson 
noted a vigorous renewal of evan- 
gelism during the year both in the 
church at home and in the foreign 
missions field. 

He said creation of the Evangeli- 
cal United Brethren Church empha- 

sized the growing unity among ma- 
jor denominations. 

The Baptist leader also praised 
the churches for applying religious 
principles to social life, and singled 
out the "vast and vital service ren- 
dered by the Federal Council of 
Churches" and others in giving sup- 
port to the work of the United Na- 

Maryland-Delaware Council Asks 
Abolition oi Jim Crow Laws 

The Maryland General Assembly 
was called upon by the board of 
directors of the Council of Churches 

and Christian Education of Mciry- 
land-Delaware to abolish the state's 
Jim Crow laws and establish a Fair 
Employment Practices Commission. 

In unanimously adopting a resolu- 
tion presented by Frank T. Rhoad, 
Jr., director of Christian social rela- 
tions, the board asserted that repeal 
of the Jim Crow laws "would give 
expression to fundamental Christian 
principles and practices." 

If such a bill were passed, the 
board said, it would "remove from 
the statute books the obvious denial 
of our belief in the brotherhood of 
man and the fatherhood of God." 

Congregation Sacrifices Gold to 
Rebuild Church 

Gold rings, bracelets and family 
trinkets were sacrificed by Buda- 
pest's largest Lutheran congregation 
to rebuild its war-damaged church. 

Because of Hungary's sky-high in- 
flation, gold was the only value the 
contractor would accept. Members 
of the congregation decided, there- 
fore, to hold collections of gold or- 
naments on three consecutive Sun- 
days, and in this way raised the 
equivalent of 500 grams of gold, 
enough to meet the builder's biU. 

Poll Shows Desire for Character- 
building Education 

Ninety-eight per cent of the 400 
persons he polled favor character 
education in the school curriculum, 
Dr. George Swann, pastor of the 
Edenside Christian church, said up- 
on completion of his poll. 

"We propose to choose only such 
basic virtues as all groups are sub- 
stantially agreed upon. . . . Nearly 
every story can be written in a 'tell- 
able' fashion . . . and why not have 
these stories dramatize the virtues 
and vices in such a way as to leave 
a lasting effect on youth?" 



$ 75.000 

$ 50,000 

$ 25.000 

Supplemental Pension Fund Nears 
Halfway Point 

A total of $62,011.42 to January 6 brings the Supplemental Pen- 
sion Fund for ministers and missionaries near the halfway mark. 
Over 900 congregations have not yet fulfilled their part in this 

The Jan. 4 issue of the Gospel Messenger listed some churches 
that had exceeded the goal of $1.25 per member; others are 
listed here: N. 111.: Dixon, Franklin Grove, Lanark; Mid. Ind.: 
Clear Creek, Hickory Grove; N. Ind.: Camp Creek; Mid. Iowa: 
Dallas Center, Des Moines Valley, Fernald, Panther Creek; N. 
Iowa, Minn., and S. Dak.: Kingsley; N. W. Kansas: Belleville; 
S. W. Kansas: Garden City; E. Md.: Bcillimore; Mich.: Woodland; 
E. Pa.: Akron, Chiques, Mechanic Grove; N. W. Ohio: Swan 
Creek; N. E. Ohio: East Chippewa. 

Feb. 28, 1947, is the date to complete the $125,000 fund. 

Jan. 6 total 

JANUARY 25. 1947 


Weddings . . . 

Bartom-Crisswell. — ^Herbert Barton and 
Bertie Crisswell, both of Muncie, Ind., 
Dec. 28, 1946, by the undersigned at his 
residence. — J. Andrew Miller, Muncie, 

Bowman-Sonairank. — Paul Bowman, Jr., 
and Grace L. Sonafrank, both of Peru, 
Ind., Dec. 31, 1946, by the undersigned, 
in his home. — Milo G. Huffman, Peru, Ind. 

Brumbaugih-JCypher. — Blair B. Brum- 
baugh and Doris Cypher, both of Saxton, 
Pa., in the Danville church, Ohio, Oct. 
17, 1946, by the groom's brother, the un- 
dersigned. — Daniel M. Brumbaugh, Dan- 
ville, Ohio. 

Bnunbaucrh - Yoder. — Eugene Russell 
Brumbaugh of Altoona, Pa., and Miriam 
Marie Yoder of Huntingdon, Pa., in the 
Stone church, Huntingdon, Pa., June 29, 
1946, by the undersigned. — ^Paul R. Yoder, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Ohronister - Barslinger. — Harold Elmer 
Chronister and Maniie Rosella Barslinger, 
Dec. 22, 1946, by the undersigned. — J. L. 
Miller, York, Pa. 

Chronislei-Myers. — Earl J. Chronister of 
Dallastown, Pa., and Erlene Belle Myers 
of York, Pa., Dec. 31, 1946, by and at -the 
home of the undersigned. — J. L. Miller, 
York, Pa. 

Chronister - Sechrist. — Elwood Eugene 
Chronister of Dallastown, Pa., and Jean 
Delores Sechrist of Red Lion, Pa., Dec. 
24, 1946, by and at the home of the under- 
signed. — J. L. Miller, York, Pa. 

Deatrick-Sharp. — John Deatrick of De- 
fiance, Ohio, and Kathryn Sharp of Oak- 
wood, Ohio, in the Dupont church, Dec. 
28, 1946, by the undersigned. — David R. 
Landis, Dupont, Ohio. 

Cove-Baker. — Ersel J. Dove and June H. 
Baker, both of Broadway, Va., at the 
Mountain Grove church, Nov. 7, 1946, by 
the groom's uncle, the undersigned.- — Ar- 
nold D. Wilkins, Fulks Run, Va. 

Duiunire-Brumbaugh. — Raymond Dun- 
mire of McVeytown, Pa., and Lois Brum- 
baugh of Lewistown, Pa., in the Lewis- 
town church, Oct. 26, 1946, by the bride's 
uncle, the undersigned. — Daniel M. Brum- 
baugh, Danville, Ohio. 

Eckert-Hamberger. — Melvin Leroy Eck- 
ert and Mildred Elizabeth Hamberger, 
both of York, Pa., Nov. 23, 1946, by and 
at the home of the undersigned. — J. L. 
Miller, York, Pa. 

Gish-Brubaker. — ^Nelson E. Gish of Pal- 
myra, Pa., and Betty Brubaker of Himi- 
melstown. Pa., Dec. 21, 1946, by the under- 
signed. — J. Herbert Miller, Hershey, Pa. 

Haag-Lickel.— Walter E. Haag of Riv- 
era, Calif., and Alys Anne Lickel of 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 1, 1947, at Castafter, 
Puerto Rico, by the undersigned. — ^Rufus 
B. King, Castafter, Puerto Rico. 

Hames-Grove. — Charles L. Hames of 
Hawley, Pa., and Alma E. Grove of Her- 
shey, Pa., Dec. 22, 1946, by the under- 
signed. — J. Herbert Miller, Hershey, Pa. 

Healon-Woods. — James Andrew Heaton, 
Jr., and Ruth McKillips Woods, both of 
Huntingdon, Pa., in the Stone church, 
Huntingdon, Pa., June 15, 1946, by the un- 
dersigned. — Paul R. Yoder, Huntingdon, 

Hochsteller - Darr. — Merrill Hochstetler 
and Luella Darr, both of Danville, Ohio, 
at the bride's home, Jan. 1, 1947, by the 
undersigned. — Daniel M. Brumbaugh, Dan- 
ville, Ohio. 

Huffoian-Suinimers. — Max Huffman of 
Akron, Ind., and Phyllis Summers of 
Wabash, Ind., in their home, Nov. 7, 1946, 
by the undersigned. — H. Dale Brubaker, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Hulchlsoin-Foreman. — John Ray Hutch- 
ison of Cordova, Md., and Anna Mae Fore- 
man of Queen Anne, Md., at the Easton 
church, Nov. 10, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— ^Barry T. Fox, Easton, Md. 

Jordan-Messlck. — Joseph B. Jordan of 
Mt. Sidney, Va., and Mary B. Messick of 
Midland, Va., in the Midland church, Dec. 
24, 1946, by the undersigned. — J. A. Hine- 
gardner, Midland, Va. 

Kidd-Fox.— Eleyn James Kidd of Adri- 
an, Mich., and Helen Mae Fox of Bliss- 
field, Mich., in the Adrian church, Nov. 
10, 1946, by the undersigned.— H. H. Hen- 
dricks, Adrian, Mich. 

Koons-Zem. — Herbert E. Koons and 
Myrtle K. Zern, both of Hershey, Pa., 
Dec. 25, 1946, by the imdersigned.-J'. Her- 
bert Miller, Hershey, Pa. 

Liimbert-Lutz.— Paul E. Limbert of Lew- 
isburg, Ohio, and Miriam E. Lutz of Ar- 
canum, Ohio, in the Pitsburg church, by 
the undersigned. — Kenneth W. Hollinger, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Lcng-Honsacker. — Omer Long of Ha- 
gerstown, Md., and Gwendolyn Honsacker 
of Inwood, W. Va., Dec. 24, 1946, at the 
home of the bride, by the undersigned. — 
F. P. Litton, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Meck-Karp. — Harry L. Meek, Jr., and 
Anna Karp, both of Bethlehem, Pa., in the 
Allentown church parsonage, Dec. 21, 
1946, by the undersigned. — Harold Z. 
Bomberger, Allentown, Pa. 

Miller-Lelt.— Ralph L. Miller and Naomi 
K. Lett, both of Adrian, Mich., in the 
bride's home, Dec. 25, 1946, by the under- 
signed.— H. H. Hendricks, Adrian, Mich. 

Obituaries . . . 



William Nicholas Zobler 

William Nicholas Zobler, the son of 
Nicholas and Elizabe'th Zobler, was born 
June 19, 1879, near Neffsville, Pa. He 
died a tragic death 
June 25, 1946, while 
endeavoring to 
protect his garden 
from the birds that 
were destroying 
his crops. Acci- 
dentally his gun 
was discharged and 
he was killed in- 

He united with 
the East Peters- 
burg Church of the 
Brethren on March 
5, 1892. At the 
age of twenty - he 
was elected to the 
office of deacon by the Lancaster church. 
When thirty years of age he was called 
to the ministry by the East Petersburg 
church (then part of the Mountville con- 
gregation) and was ordained to the elder- 
ship in the above church in 1925. He 
served the Mountville and the East Pe- 
tersburg churches thirty years in the 
free ministry, having been the associate 
elder for a number of years. He had 
charge of the Ridge church for one year, 
and for a brief time was elder of the 
Marsh Creek congregation. At his death 
he was elder in charge of the Carlisle 
church. ( 

During the period of his ministry he 
conducted over seventy evzingelistic meet- 
ings in various eastern states, which re- 
sulted in more than 1,000 converts. Be- 
sides his preaching he gave many chil- 
dren's talks, served as chorister and as a 
teacher of music classes. He did much 
as a "pen minister," writing many letters 
to the shut-ins, the discouraged, the de- 
linquent and the boys in the service dur- 
ing the two world wars. 

He was united in marriage to Emma 
Andes on March 2, 1902. She passed away 
Nov. 27, 1939. Two adopted daughters 
survive: Mary, wife of Elder U. S. Ging- 
rich of Hershey, Pa., and Minerva, wife 
of J. K. Hoffman of Collegeville, Pa., and 
eight grandchildren. On Dec. 6, 1940, he 
was united in marriage to Mrs. Hermia 
Hershey Warren of Gettysburg. She 
survives him with one son and three 

In 1903 he was appointed to the U.S. 
railway mail service as a postal clerk, 
in which capacity he served thirty-six 
years, retiring at the age of sixty. In the 
last nine years he had charge of one of 
the heavy mail trains between New York 
an ■ Pittsburg. Since his retirement in 
19 * he devoted all his time in the free 

ministry of the church, speaking many 
times for other denominations. 

He believed that the hope of the future 
church rested with the young people. He 
worked ardently for a church program 
that would make for the best possible in- 
terest and growth of the young people. 
He worked unceasingly for a pastoral 
program, was instnmiental in starting a 
building fund for enlarging the churchy 
facilities, visited much among the young 
and old in an attempt to develop more 
loyalty to the church program and la- 
bored earnestly for greater co-operation 
with the other churches of the commu- 

Funeral services were conducted in the 
Bender funeral home by the pastor, Bro. 
Roy K. Miller, assisted by the elder, W. A. 
Keeney, and Dr. Ralph Gresh, president 
of the local minister ium. Interment was 
in the Hanoverdale church cemetery near 
Hershey, Pa. — The Ministerial Board, 
Marsh Creek Congregation, Southern 

(A short obituary of Bro. Zobler ap- 
peared in these pages previously. By 
special request of the ministerial board 
of Marsh Creek these further words ap- 
pear. — Ed.) 

John Obed Hariman 

John O. Hartman, oldest son of Peter 

S. and Elizabeth Hartman, was bom at 

Darlow, Kansas, March 19, 1876, and died 

Nov. 10, 1946, at 

his home in Fres- 

■^ no, Calif. 

Bro. Hartman 
was one of the 
first students at 
Lordsburg College 
§^'^ ^^ (now La Verne). 

^ mKll Later, when the 

Hr ^ ^^H|^^ family moved to 
^ ^^HH^W western Oklahoma, 
' _^t^^^^^M ^^ attended Mc- 
..j^H^^^^^B Pherson. While at 
McPherson he met 
Minnie Landis, to 
whom he was mar- 
ried. To them 
were born nine 
He and his wife homesteaded near Man- 
gum, Okla., for a number of years. In 
1911 with two other families he moved 
to Live Oak, Calif. Here they founded a 
Church of the Brethren. Bro. Hartman 
helped construct the buildings and served 
as elder. In 1921 Bro. Hartman moved to 
Oakland and in 1936 to Fresno, where he 
resided until his death. 

In March 1907 Bro. Hartman was elect- 
ed to the ministry and was advanced to 
the second degree on April 16, 1909, in 
the church he had helped build at Reed, 

Bro. Hartman was always active in 
church work. He will be remembered 
also as being a good neighbor. 

His wife, six sons and two daughters 
survive him. — Zafon Hartman, Live Oak, 

Barbara Ann Kulp 

Barbal-a Ann Kulp, daughter of the late 
Jacob and Fannie Gebhard, was bom in 
Dauphin county. Pa., Dec. 26, 1875, and 
died Aug. 26, 1946. 
She was a member 
of the Church of 
the Brethren for 
about forty - six 
years. She was 
married to Jacob 
Kulp on Nov. 7, 
1897. She is sur- 
vived by her hus- 
band and one 
daughter. Funeral 
services were con- 
ducted in the Flor- 
in church by Breth- 
ren A b r a m and 
Harry Eshleman. 
Interment was in 
the Eberly cemetery. — Mrs. Edyth B. 
Stauffer, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Oliver D. Kinzie 

Oliver Delmore Kinzie, son of David L. 
and Belle Austin Kinzie, was born July 
19, 1888, in Jewell County, Kansas. When 
tie was a small 
ciiild his parents 
moved to Nocona, 
Texas, and at the 
age of nine he 
moved with the 
family to Gushing, 
Okla., where he 
died July 10, 1946. 

He was united in 
marriage to Beu- 
lah Morgan on 
Jan. 10, 1912. To 
this union were 
born two daugh- 
ters and one son. 

Bro. Kinzie and 
his wife united 
with the Big Creek church in December 
1912. From that time he served the church 
faithfully in his quiet way. He was 
called to the deacon's office in 1926; he 
also was a trustee of the church and care- 
taker of the cemetery. He served on the 
Independence school board for eighteen 

He leaves his wife, two daughters, Mrs. 
Minnie Holderread and Mrs. Gladys Gos- 
ney, and one son, Oliver H., all of Cush- 
ing, Okla.; two sisters, Mrs. Joe Holsinger 
of Perkins, Okla., and Mrs. Chas. O. Pote 
of Gushing; two brothers. Will of Gushing 
and Charles of Perkins. 

Funeral services were held in the Big 
Creek church by Bro. Henry Mankey, his 
pastor, Bro. Keruieth Thralls of Billings, 
Okla., and Rev. Wallace Boyce of De- 
pew, Okla. Interment was in the adjoin- 
ing cemetery. — Mrs. Abbie S. Pote, Gush- 
ing, Okla. 

Barone, Samuel, died at his home in 
Homerville, Ohio, Dec. 24, 1946, at the 
age of ninety-five years. He was a mem- 
ber of the Progressive Brethren Church. 
Services were conducted by the under- 
signed. — G. G. Louder, Spencer, Ohio. 

Blystone, Daisy M., wife of William R. 
Blystone, died Dec. 1, 1946. She united 
with the Greensburg church in February 
1912 and with her husband was elected 
to the office of deacon in 1914. She was 
the cradle-roll superintendent for several 
years and at the time of her death was 
president of the Faithful Workers Sun- 
day-school class. She is survived by her 
husband, two sons, one daughter and six 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held by Bro. M. J. Brougher at the Buck- 
ley Barnhart funeral home, and interment 
was in the Westmoreland memorial park. 
— Ida Fenton, Greensburg, Pa. 

Bohon, Alice Wright, daughter of 
George and Gallic Wright of Franklin 
County, Va., died Dec. 6. 1946, at the 
home of her daughter in Roanoke, Va., at 
the age of seventy-two years. She was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for many years. Her husband preceded 
her in death by six weeks. She is sur- 
vived by one daughter, two sons and ten 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held at the Cedar Bluff church by E. E. 
Bowman and I. D. Hoy, and burial was 
in the Arthur cemetery. — Lois Halterman, 
Boones Mill, Va. 

Bohon, Robert L., was bom in Franklin 
County, Va., and died Oct. 27, 1946. at his 
home in Roanoke, Va., at the age of 
seventy-four years. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren in early life and 
was a faithful member. He is survived 
by his wife, two sons, one daughter and 
ten grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held at the Cedar Bluff church near 
Boones Mill, Va., by I. D. Hoy and G. W. 
Bowman, Jr., and burial was in the Ar- 
thur cemetery.— Lois Halterman, Boones 
Mill. Va. 

Bowman, John, was born in Chicago, 
111.. Oct. 19, 1886, and died Dec. 27, 1946. 
He worked with the Chicago Tribune for 
forty-two years, serving since 1918 as the 
city circulation manager. He grew up In 
the Dutch Reformed faith but recently be- 
came associated with the First church. 

He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Aurelia 
Bowman, one son and one daughter. — 
Harper S. Will, Chicago, 111. 

Bowman, Sara Martha, daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah Kingery Paddock, was 
born May 26, 1877, at Ardell, Iowa, and 
died at her home in Anderson, Ind., Dec. 
19, 1946. On Dec. 31, 1900, she was united 
in marriage to Charles F. Rinehart, who 
passed away March 9, 1941. To this union 
were born three sons and one daughter. 
On Oct. 14, 1942, she was united in mar- 
riage to Daniel W. Bowman, who until 
recently was the minister and elder of the 
Anderson, Ind., Church of the Brethren. 
Early in life she became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren, to which she re- 
mained faithful until death. She is sur- 
vived by her husband, three sons, one 
stepdaughter, five grandchildren, two 
step-grandchildren, one sister and three 
brothers. Funeral services were held in 
the Brick church near Hagerstown, Ind., 
by the writer, assisted by Elder A. P. Mus- 
selman. Interment was in the adjoining 
cemetery. — C. H. Hoover, Anderson, Ind. 

Dickerson, Mary A., daughter of the 
late Thomas and Sarah Reed, was born 
June 15, 1868. in Floyd County. Va.. and 
died Dec. 2. 1946, in Pomona. Calif. She 
was married on Nov. 2. 1892, to William 
Ira. Dickerson. who preceded her in death 
on March 17. 1909. To this union were 
born three children, all of whom survive. 
She became a member of the Church of 
the Brethren on Christmas Day in her 
eighteenth year and remained faithful 
until death. She is survived by one son, 
eight grandchildren, eight great-grand- 
children, three brothers and two sisters. 
Funeral services were held in the Pierce 
chapel at Pomona by Bro. Harry E. Thom- 
as, her pastor, assisted by Bro. John W. 
Deeter. Burial was in the Pomona cem- 
etery. — Mrs. M. Jewell Rowe, Pomona, 

Hackman, Clayton P., son of Frank and 
Mary Pfautz Hackman. was born Sept. 5, 
1874, and died at his home in Schaeflers- 
town on Dec. 21, 1946. He was married 
to Daisy Rupp on Oct. 8. 1901. He was 
baptized into the Church of the Brethren 
in October 1908 and was elected a deacon 
on March 16. 1915, in which capacity he 
served for thirty-one years. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, three sons, two daugh- 
ters, six grandchildren, one brother and 
two sisters. Funeral services were held 
in the Heidelberg church, and interment 
was in the adjoining cemetery. — Candace 
Royer. Myerstown. Pa. 

Ingraham, Sarah Lucretia, was born 
Sept. 4, 1856. at Morristown. Tenn., and 
died Dec. 16. 1946, in Dewey, Okla. On 
Dec. 24, 1875, she was married to Thomas 
L. Barr. To this union six children were 
born. Her husband preceded her in death 
in 1894. In 1901 she was married to David 
G. Ingraham, who also preceded her in 
death. She was a member of the Gabool 
church. She is survived by three daugh- 
ters, fifteen grandchildren, eleven great- 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
preached in Oklahoma and burial was in 
the Greenwood cemetery. — A. W. Adkins, 
Gabool, Mo. 

Wagoner, Elias, son of Samuel and 
Catherine Wagoner, was born July 23, 
1865, in Tippecanoe County, Ind., and died 
Nov. 12, 1946, in the Home- hospital at La 
Fayette. Ind. During his illness he re- 
ceived the anointing service. One sister 
and two brothers survive. Early in life he 
united with the Church of the Brethren. 
Funeral services were held in the Pyr- 
mont church by Bro. G. L. Wine, as- 
sisted by Jeremiah Barnhart. Burial was 
in the cemetery near by. — Miss Uda Wag- 
oner, Delphi, Ind. 

Weav«r, George J., son of the late John 
S. and Susan Houck Weaver, was born 
Oct. 2, 1880, and was instantly killed in an 
automobile accident on Nov. 26, 1946. He 
is survived by four daughters, two sons, 
twenty-four grandchildren, his mother 
and one sister. Funeral services were 
held at the Rahland funeral home by 
Rev. John Livengood and the undersigned, 
and interment was in the Heidelberg 
Brethren cemetery.— Carl W. Zeigler. Leb- 
anon, Pa. 

Church News . . . 


Sebring. — An installation service was 
conducted for all officers and teachers of 
the Bible school. The love feast was well 
attended. In the latter part of October 
the pastor, Bro. Fleishman, invited his 
parish to the church basement for an eve- 
ning of fellowship. He presented the 
church program of events for the ensuing 
year. A weekly meeting is held for the 
purpose of studying soul-winning methods 
and of praying for individuals to be added 
to the church. The two groups of wom- 
en's work have been giving generously 
of time and means to relief work. Over 
1,500 pounds of used clothing have been 
collected, repaired, cleaned and shipped 
to New Windsor. The ladies' aid spon- 
sored the redecoration of their room. 
The Mary and Martha circle were in 
charge of the quarterly fellowship enter- 
tainment and potluck supper in Novem- 
ber. In November two were baptized. 
On Nov. 28 and 29 an institute for district 
children's workers was held with Dessie 
Miller, regional children's worker, as the 
guest speaker. An auction for relief was 
held by the various churches of Sebring. 
The Brethren church contributed much 
time and energy to collect articles for 
the sale. More than $1,000 was received 
and forwarded to New Windsor. Special 
Christmas programs were presented on 
Dec. 22. The morning service was pre- 
sented by the various departments of the 
Sunday school, and the evening service 
consisted of a pageant. White gifts were 
presented at the close of the service. — 
Mrs. F. M. Hollenberg. Sebring, Fla. 


Maikle. — At our fall business meeting 
Brother and Sister O. G. Rife were re- 
elected as our pastors. Bro. Rife was also 
selected as our elder for the coming year. 
A two weeks' meeting was held in Octo- 
ber by Bro. Robert Sink of the Mexico 
church, concluding with the love feast in 
charge of :^ro. Sink and Bro. Rife. Death 
claimed two of our members, one of whom 
was our oldest member. The men's or- 
ganization has put a new roof on the 
church. They raised sweet com which 
was taken to the New Paris cannery and 
from it 2,450 cans were filled. A cash 
donation of thirty-five dollars has been 
contributed. The aid society has given 
for relief 174 pounds of new and used 
clothing, has sewed fifty-six garments 
and eight comforters and has sent a 
complete outfit to a four-year-old child 
as a Christmas gift. Four comforters also 
have been made and sold within the 
society. A program was given by the 
children at Christmastime followed by a 
candlelighting service in charge of the 
young people. The young people enter- 
tained a sectional group at a chili supper 
and have been hosts to an interdenomina- 
tional group in the past few months. On 
Christmas Eve a group of young people 
sang Christmas carols to those who are 
sick and shut in. The church is planning 
a supper for the boys who have returned 
from the service. — Mrs. G. E. Paul, 
Markle. Ind. 

Middlebury. — We observed the thirty- 
fifth anniversary of the organization of 
the church and our harvest meeting on 
Nov. 10. with Bro. Jesse Ziegler of Beth- 
any Biblical Seminary as the speaker in 
the forenoon and in the afternoon. There 
were also special songs and short talks by 
former members. The offering, which 
amounted to $71.50, was given to missions. 
Bro. Mark Schrock attended the regional 
conference at North Manchester Oct. 14- 
17. A number of our men attended the 
men's rally at North Winona on Nov. 3. 
A few women attended the women's rally 
at Nappanee on Nov. 21. Our pastor. Bro. 
Mark Schrock, resigned to work witli the 
Brethren regional advisory council. 
Brethren Gordon Bucher of North Man- 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


Do ^cmetkinc Id lembe^avice . . . 


by Ira H. Frontz is a play, made to order for your needs. The author's 
analysis of motives and suggestions kis to means are as pertinent today 
as when first made. 

If you have a concern about the current liquor situation, and if 
you feel that something should be done to stir the public to constructive 
action, why not give this play in your church? 

The fifth printing of What Shall It Profit? makes copies again 
available at 30c each, or eight copies for $2.00. You can do some- 
thing for temperance. 

Order your program materials from — 


Chester, William Brubaker of New Paris 
and Mel Stutsman of Goshen have filled 
the pulpit since his resignation. The 
men gave reports of the men's work on 
the Sunday before Thanksgiving. An 
offering amounting to twenty-six dollars 
■was lifted for home missions. Other 
special offerings were $44.50 for wheat 
for relief, $45 for meals of mercy and $180 
for the supplemental pension fund. Union 
Thanksgiving services were held in our 
church with Rev. Wick, the Lutheran 
minister, as the speaker. The young adult 
class sent a box of toys to Puerto Rico 
as their Christmas project. The nursery, 
beginner and primary classes are sending 
seeds of goodwill abroad. The ladies' aid 
has made garments and comforters for 
relief. One was baptized at our evan- 
gelistic meetings. Love feast services 
were held at the close of the meetings. 
Brother and Sister Cyrus Steele observed 
their golden wedding anniversary on Dec. 
17. — Mrs. Gladys Schrock, Goshen, Ind. 

Mt. Pleasant. — Our harvest meeting was 
held Oct. 20, with Bro. Lloyd Studebaker 
as the speaker at the forenoon service 
and Sister Studebaker at the afternoon 
service. Bro. Howard Dickey was a guest 
speaker at a Sunday morning service. 
Our council meeting was held Dec. 2 to 
elect church officers for the coming year. 
Our pastor, Bro. N. H. Miller, was re- 
elected elder. Our ladies' aid spent one 
day at the cannery at New Paris and one 
day at the Nappanee service center, and 
on two evenings groups from the entire 
church went to the service center to help 
pack clothing. Bro. Willard Sellers left 
the latter part of November to accom- 
pany a boatload of cattle to Poland. Re- 
cently one of our young men, Bro. Don 
Rettinger, spent a few days at Lake Suc- 
cess, N. Y., sitting in on a meeting of the 
XJ. N. assembly. On returning he gave 
us an interesting and thought-provoking 
report. On the evening of Dec. 22 our 
Sunday school presented a Christmas pro- 
gram, consisting of readings and songs by 
the primary department and a play by the 
intermediates and young people. Our 
meal-of-mercy offerings totaled $131.85. 
We are looking forward to having Bro. 
James Beahm of Bremen with us in a 
week's evangelistic meeting beginning 
Jan. 5. — Mrs. F. J. Wiedeman, Bourbon, 

Spring Creek. — Two and one-half tons 
of sweet corn from our church were 
canned for relief at the New Paris can- 
nery this fall. Our aid society reorgan- 
ized for the new year. Our sunshine and 
smile boxes netted us $366.78. Sister Mila 
Newcomer, one of our older active mem- 
bers, died in October. Bro. Edward Zieg- 
ler held three nights of evangelistic meet- 
ings recently, closing with the communion 
services. Bro. B. D. Hirt conducted a two 
weeks' evangelistic meeting in Novem- 


ber. Two were added to the church by 
baptism. The men's organization planned 
the family supper and entertainment on 
Thanksgiving night. A turkey supper was 
served after which Bro. Clarence Sink 
delivered the message. Elder Edward 
Kintner presided at the quarterly council 
on Dec. 2. We will continue our 100% 
Messenger club. One letter was granted 
and sixteen were received. Bro. Hubert 
Newcomer, one of our young married 
men, was licensed to the ministry. Our 
pastor, Bro. Leonard Custer, was ad- 
vanced to the eldership on Dec. 8. Per- 
mission ■was granted a Sunday-school 
class to show the motion picture. King of 
Kings, at the church. We will enlarge 
the church rostrum so that it will accom- 
modate the special entertainments. Breth- 
ren Donald Swartz, Walter Warner, and 
Walter Kiser were elected to the office of 
deacon. Bro. Kintner was again chosen 
elder and the undersigned as Messenger 
correspondent. A Christmas program was 
presented. — Mrs. Ada Mishler Stumpff, 
South Whitley, Ind. 

Union. — The old Union church, located 
six miles from Plymouth, Ind., has been 
re-opened and is having regular services, 
after being closed for' many years. In 
May of 1945 a few families of members 
and neighbors organized a Sunday school. 
A short time later we rededicated the 
building smd then organized the church, 
which was officially recognized at the last 
district meeting, at which we were rep- 
resented by two delegates. Sister Fern 
Holdread and Bro. Jess Long. Our first 
revival meeting was held by Bro. Edward 
Stump of South Bend; nine were added 
by baptism and one was reclaimed. Later 
one asked for baptism. In December Bro. 
B. D. Hirt of Monticello was with us in a 
two weeks' meeting; three were baptized 

and one was reclaimed. Our commun- 
ion was held Dec. 16. At our last coun- 
cil meeting we called our first deacon and 
his wife. Brother and Sister Joe Heiser. 
Our group has been active in relief work, 
having contributed food, clothing and 
money. They have also helped several 
families in our community who have met 
with misfortune. Our young people are 
planning to organize a B.Y.P.D. Their 
class is sponsoring the 100% Messenger 
club. Our group is still small but we 
have a promising field to work in. Our 
pastor is Bro. Herbert Zook of La Porte. — 
Mrs. Ruth Holdread, Plymouth, Ind. 


Cedar Rapids. — We held a program and 
basket dinner in honor of our new pastor, 
Milton C. Early, and his family. Bro. 
James Elrod of McPherson, Kansas, was 
with us as our guest leader in the na- 
tional teaching mission, sponsored by the 
churches of Cedar Rapids and -Marion. 
At the close of the week we had an all- 
church visitation. The Christian Service 
class sponsored the sending of Christmas 
gifts to children of Puerto Rico. Our 
annual bazaar and chicken dinner was 
held on Dec. 3. On Dec. 5 the women of 
eastern low^a^met at our church. Mrs. N. 
W. McBeath of the Congregational church 
of Des Moines was the guest speaker. A 
father and son banquet was held in No- 
vember; Mr. Nate Worcester of the Peter 
Pan Bakeries was the speaker of the eve- 
ning. Our relief work continues. Our 
communion service and love feast was 
held on Dec. 29. Our Sunday-school 
Christmas program was held Dec. 22 at 
the Sunday-school hour. The play pag- 
eant. The Little Shepherd, was presented. 
— ^Violet Snyder, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Union Ridge. — Our church is very ac- 
tive. Our annual birthday was 
held in October with Missionary Frank 
Crumpacker as the speaker. In Novem- 
ber we had a harvest festival with Harl 
Russell as the speaker. The offering went 
for home missions.- Our annual Christ- 
mas program was held on Christmas Eve. 
Fifteen young people went caroling this 
Christmas. On New Year's Eve we had a 
chili and oyster supper followed by fel- 
lowship, a worship service and a candle- 
lighting service. The young people are 
planning to produce a play. They are 
also collecting good pictures and Christ- 
mas cards for the children in Africa. 
The men's work realized over $1,400 from 
their summer's project. The men re- 
shingled the entry to and placed a bot- 
tled-gas range and oil heater in the par- 
sonage. They have plans to secure a 
projector, to refence the church farm, to 
finish the hen house and to build a chick- 
en-yard fence. The women papered five 
rooms and did some painting in the par- 
sonage. The intermediate boys and the 
children's department are using the fold- 
er. Our Dimes Go Traveling. Steps are 
being taken for a wider program of Breth- 

Home Builders of Tomorrow 

By Warren D. Bowman, Ph.D. 

A much-appreciated and widely used volume 
on forming friendships, choosing a mate, en- 
gagement, and marriage. Scientific and 
wholesome. Lovely as a gift for those con- 
templating marriage. Price, $1.00 

Counseling With Couples Before Marriage 

also by Dr. Bowman, has found wide acceptance by 
ministers and others desiring help in counseling. 

Price, 25c 

Order your hooks from — 




ren service, for community night, for our , 
father and son banquet in February, for a 
vacation Bible school in June and a school 
of missions in February. — Ernest R. Van- 
derau, Hampton, Iowa. 


Lone Star. — Seventeen from our local 
church attended the district meeting at 
the Buckeye church. Five attended the 
children's workers' conference at Granada 
on Nov. 11. Three heifers have been sent 
recently. In co-operation with some 
neighboring churches money was sent to 
buy approximately two tons of relief ce- 
real. Three of our young men sailed from 
New Orleans last month with a boatload 
of cattle and horses. Our communion 
service was held Nov. 30 with a dinner at 
the church on Sunday noon. Ed Crill, re- 
gional Brethren service representative, 
delivered the message one Sunday morn- 
ing recently. On the evening of Dec. 1 a 
group of Manchester students, accompan- 
ied by Brother and Sister Vernon Miller, 
took charge of our evening service as 
they were returning from the student vol- 
unteer conference at McPherson. A dep- 
utation team of the Student Christian 
Association of McPherson College had 
charge of our Sunday morning service on 
Dec. 8. Our quarterly council meeting 
was held on Dec. 7. One of our members 
died recently. — Mrs. Elmer L. Dadisman, 
Lawrence, Kansas. 

Morrill. — On the evening of Dec. 22 a 
varied program was given by the Sunday 
school, portraying the Christmas story in 
a very impressive manner. The scenes 
were interspersed with special numbers 
of music and singing. The white-gift of- 
fering amounted to $235, the greater part 
of which will go to the Northeastern Dis- 
trict of Kansas. The rest will be sent to 
other needy fields. A coffee urn was pre- 
sented to the church by the Altruist class. 
Our women's group held an all-day meet- 
ing on Dec. 6. Eight comforters were 
made and a number of new garments, to- 
gether with used clothing, were sent to 
New Windsor for relief. Among the new 
garments made were twelve blouses for 
Russian relief. An offering of $21 was 
lifted, which goes toward our national 
project. Thanksgiving Day was observed 
on Nov. 24, with Bro. W. W. Peters of 
McPherson as the guest speaker at the 
eleven o'clock meeting. The college la- 
dies' quartet and pianist were also present 
and took part in the service. An offering 
was lifted for the college. Dinner was 
served at noon and in the afternoon the 
quartet presented a program of music. 
Our two weeks' series of meetings began 
Oct. 21. with Bro. Leonard Lowe of 
Hutchinson as the evangelist. We held 
our love feast on the evening of Nov. 4 
with Bro. W. A. Kinzie, our pastor and 
elder, officiating. — Mrs. Clint Stover, Mor- 
rill, Kansas. 


Frederick Cily. — Our new pastor. Bro. 
Paul W. Kinsel, and his wife were in- 
stalled by Bro. Earl Mitchell of the dis- 
trict ministerial board. While we were 
without a pastor, our pulpit was filled by 
our elder, Bro. J. H. Hollinger, and othej- 
visiting Brethren of the district. Our 
young people gave a reception at the par- 
sonage for Bro. Kinsel and his family. At 
our council Bro. Hollinger was re-elected 
elder. Bro. Omer B. Maphis of Kenosha, 
Wis., was our guest speaker at the morn- 
ing service recently. About twenty of 
our women attended the district women's 
work meeting held at Union Bridge. A 
goodly number also attended the special 
service at the Fahrney Memorial home 
on visitors' day. Our folks co-operated 
with the members in Carroll County in 
holding a relief auction for the Greek re- 
lief project. We observed our love feast 
on Nov. 3. with our elder officiating, as- 
sisted by Pastor Kinsel and Bro. Clarence 
G. Erbaugh of Lebanon. Ohio. Bro. Er- 
baugh filled our pulpit on Nov. 10. At the 
evening service on Nov. 17 Brother and 
Sister Kinsel showed films of their trip 
to the Wenatchee Conference. Our an- 

nual father and son supper was held on 
Nov. 22; Rev. Francis Reniberger of the 
Lutheran church at Walkersville, Md., 
was the guest speaker. We observed the 
sixtieth anniversary of the Frederick City 
church with three special programs on 
Dec. 1. Bro. Paul H. Bowman, former 
president of Bridgewater College, was the 
guest speaker at the morning and evening 
services. The afternoon service consist- 
ed of a concert by the Temple choir of 
the Hagerstown church. The evening 
service included a special memorial serv- 
ice conducted by Bro. J. H. Hollinger. At 
the close of the service two members, 
Mrs. L. F. Kimmel and G. E. Brengle, who 
have been active in the work here for 
more than fifty years, were honored. 
Since there is a pressing need for the ex- 
pansion of our building, a special effort 
was made to start a building fund for 
this purpose. The goal for the anniver- 
sary day was one thousand dollars, which 
was more than met. — Mrs. John W. Wolfe, 
Frederick, Md. 


Florence. — Mark Schrock was with us 
for a ten-day revival meeting recently. 
On the evening of Dec. 17 five were bap- 
tized, two were received by letter and two 
as associate members. In October one 
was received on former baptism. We are 
planning to redecorate our church this 
winter. The aid has been sewing for re- 
lief. We made forty loafer coats and 
eleven comforters besides sending almost 
a half a ton of clothing for relief. The 
people in the community are co-operating 
in the relief effort. — Mrs. George S. 
Sherck, Constantine, Mich. 


Baltic. — Brother and Sister John A. Mc- 
Cormick were elected to the office of eld- 
er; Elders A. H. Miller of New Philadel- 
phia and Edward Shepfer of Sugarcreek 
conducted the election. The 100% Mes- 
senger club for 1946 was sponsored by 
Alice Krieger and Fern Moomaw for the 
Sugarcreek church and the 100% club for 
1947 for the Baltic and Sugarcreek 
churches is being sponsored by Bro. Mc- 
Cormick of Baltic and Cletus Troyer and 
Herbert R. Domer of Sugarcreek. Family 
night was observed recently with a 
Christmas program. Sister H. Spenser 
Minnich of Elgin, lU., who was spending 
a short time with her parents. Brother 
and Sister Shepfer, taught the adult Bible 
class and rendered a special number in 
song. Our women's work met last week 
for relief sewing; new officers were elect- 
ed, Christmas gifts were exchanged, a 
Christmas program was given and a cov- 
ered-dish dinner was served. We met lat- 
er to pack Christmas boxes. We are hap- 
py to hear that Elder A. H. Miller of New 
Philadelphia is recovering from his tragic 
accident. — Mrs. Peter H. Domer, Sugar- 
creek, Ohio. 

Black Swamp. — On Nov. 2 and 3 we 
held our fall love feast with Bro. Edward 
Kintner officiating at the Saturday eve- 
ning service and speaking on Sunday. 
During the Sunday afternoon service Bro. 
Glen Crago was licensed to the ministry. 
Bro. Crago is now attending Manchester 
College. He and his wife are making 
plans to become missionaries to Africa. 
We began a two weeks' revival service on 
Nov. 4; Bro. B. M. Rollins was the evan- 
gelist. Ten were baptized as a result of 
the meeting. Our women have been sew- 
ing for Bethany Hospital and relief. A 
number of Christmas boxes were sent to 
children of other countries. Our children 
and young people presented a Christmas 
program on Dec. 22 under the direction 
of Mrs. Oscar Garner and Mrs. Lyle D. 
Kurfis. Bro. R. H. Miller of Manchester 
College is conducting a class on Bible 
study and church doctrine the last Sunday 
evening of each month. We are happy 
that we can now welcome all our boys 
back who were in the service. We have 
a 100% Messenger club. — Mrs. Harold L. 
Johnson, Millbury, Ohio. 

Eagle Creek. — On the evening of Dec. 
1 the young people of our church pre- 

sented an evening of sacred music. The 
program was dedicated to our pastor and 
his wife. Brother and Sister J. J. Angle- 
meyer, who have served us for over 
forty years. On Dec. 11 we met in a 
business meeting to plan for the new 
year. Bro. Anglemeyer was re-elected 
pastor and elder for the coming year. 
We plan to hold our evangelistic meet- 
ings in August. We have a 100% Mes- 
senger club. It was reported that we 
gave over $1,700 for missions and relief 
during the year. We sent a box of toys 
to Puerto Rico for the children there.- 
Our young people's special project was 
the canning of 1,250 cans of vegetables 
for European relief. Boxes of clothing, 
shoes and waste fat together with 
the canned goods and new clothing 
made by our ladies' aid were sent to 
New Windsor. Our B. Y. P. D. has been 
meeting for Bible study. We have 
opened our piggy banks and sent to Bro. 
Helser in Africa our yearly offering to 
his mission work. We are continuing 
to support our county Youth for Christ 
evangelistic work. — Marion Thomas, Je- 
nera. Ohio. 

West Charlestown. — On Oct. 27 nine 
babies were consecrated. We have just 
finished a two weeks' revival meeting 
with Paul Wright as our evangelist. On 
Nov. 17 our township Sunday-school 
convention was held. On Nov. 24 two 
were baptized. Thanksgiving services 
were held on Thanksgiving morning. 
The offering amounted to sixty-six 
dollars. On Dec. 1 our love feast was 
held with Bro. C. V. Coppock officiating. 
On Dec. 17 our fellowship supper was 
held in the church basement. On the 
evening of Dec. 22 our children presented 
a Christmas program followed by a can- 
tata by the choir.— Mrs. Edith Rose, Tipp 
City, Ohio. 


BareviUe.— Elder Rufus P. Bucher of 
Quarryville gave an interesting account 
of his tour of Europe and the needs of 
those countries. John Harry and Robert 
Buckwalter showed pictures and told of 
their experiences as cattle attendants for 
relief. Bro. Robert Hess of Chiques and 
John Graham of Myersville, Md.. brought 
messages on missions. Our elder. Bro. 
D. S. Myer, who has served the church 
for many years, resigned. Bro. S. Clyde 
Weaver of East Petersburg has been cho- 
sen to fill this vacancy. Bro. Lloyd Stauf- 
fer has been given a license to preach. 
A group of five members and the trus- 
tees have been chosen as a committee to 
plan for rebuilding or enlarging the 
church building at Bareville. Ruth and 
John Kniss and Sara Sheaffer represented 
the church at the district meeting held at 
Richland. The women's work group has 
given 47'/2 dozens of diapers. 92 other 
baby garments, 9 comforters, 175 pieces of 
new clothing and 1.200 cans of vegetables 
to relief. $350 for kitchen equipment at 
Camp Swatara. $50 to the American Bible 
Society and 18 bags made from towels 
and filled with clothing for children in 
Europe. The -men harvested their Lord's 
acre of corn to be used in feeding heifers. 
Five are being cared for and one has al- 
ready been sent to Europe. They gave 
$550 to the cereal project in October. On 
Dec. 8 they arranged for a home-coming 
service for all the young men who had 
been in the service: Bro. Jacob T. Dick, 
pastor of the church at Lititz. was the 
speaker. The young people made $133 
from sweet corn raised on their Lord's 
acre. They also filled thirty-one boxes 
of fruit for the aged and sick of the com- 
munity at Thanksgiving time. Sister Gold- 
ie Swartz, missionary to India, spent 
the week of Oct. 20-26 in our midst, vis- 
iting in the homes and on Sunday. Tues- 
day and Friday evenings Sister Swartr 
told of the work in India and of the great 
need for workers. Fourteen have been 
baptized following our revival meetings 
held Nov. 10-24. with Bro. Ralph Jones 
as the evangelist. — Sara G. Sheaffer. Bare- 
ville, Pa. 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


Find the poetry in everyday life; he sure to read and share — 

Willow Brook Farm 

May Allread Baker. Price, $1.50. 

This new book of poems is as rural as fresh-churned butter, as 
lively as a cricket, as gently wise as old men who whittle. Many of 
the poems have appeared in the Ohio Farmer and Other such publi- 
cations, as well as in various church papers. Illustrations by Zeta 
O. Rodgers. 

The Touch of the Master's Hand 

My ra Brooks Welch. Price, $1.00. 

No library of verse is complete without this volume by Mrs. 
Welch containing the well-known poem by the same title, as well 
as many others. 

Chariots on the Mountains 

Myra Brooks Welch. Price, $1.00. 

This second voliime by Mrs, Welch further reveals the spirit and 
wholesome philosophy of one who has learned wisdom from life. 

Order these books to read and share from — 

Carson Valley. — Our church met for reg- 
ular council on the evening of Dec. 5; our 
elder, Bro. Charles Heltzel of New En- 
terprise, ofRciated. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. Charles 
Heltzel was re-elected to serve as elder 
for a two-year term. Brethren Russell 
Clapper, Chester Hoover and Brice Hoo- 
ver were elected to serve as deacons, to 
be installed officially at the end of one 
year. Special donations for relief purpos- 
es were given by the church and Sunday 
school. Bro. Brumbaugh of Conemaugh 
was our guest preacher on Nov. 24. Bro^ 
Elmer Hoover, a returned army chaplain, 
preached the Christmas sermon on the 
morning of Dec. 22. In the evening the 
boys and girls of the Sunday school pre- 
sented a Christmas program. The offer- 
ing received was sent to world-wide mis- 
sions. The young people's department 
made up baskets of food which they de- 
livered to the aged members and needy 
families of the community for a Christ- 
mas remembrance. — Mrs. Russell C. Clap- 
per, Duncansville, Pa. 

Center Hill. — A Sunday evening service 
was sponsored by the young people of the 
church with Joseph W. Yoder, noted lec- 
turer and author, as the speaker. Bro. 
Yoder spoke of the Amish way of life. 
The proceeds of this service went toward 
the purchase of the heifer which the 
young people bought for relief. The young 
people recently presented the play. Mis- 
sionary Awakening, the proceeds of which 
were also used for the heifer. At our har- 
vest-home service fruits, vegetables, and 
all kinds of farm products were displayed 
in the front of the church. Each evening 
of the following week services were con- 
ducted by former pastors and neighboring 
ministers. Our love feast was held Oct. 
6. Two young ladies were baptized. Our 
pastor was away conducting a two weeks' 
revival meeting the latter part of October 
and the first of November. — Stella Mae 
McHaddon, Kittanning, Pa. 

Geiger. — Relief packages of clothing and 
canned goods were sent to New Windsor. 




Relocation Service . . . 

This column is conducted as a service to 
our people. We reserve tKe right to edit 
and reject. Since we cannot investigate 
each item no responsibility is assumed by 
the Gospel Messenger or Brethren service. 
When answering write Brethren Service 
Committee, 22 S. State St., Elgin, HI., re- 
ferring to notice by number. Allow at 
least three weeks for a notice to appear. 

No. 206. Opportunity for two or three 
men interested in learning the bee busi- 
ness to work in apiary in southern Cal- 
ifornia. Good monthly salary plus board 
and room. Would change to commission 
basis later. Living quarters for married 
men would need to be found off the 
premises. Owner prefers nonsmokers and 
insists on complete abstinence from al- 
cohol. Work often involves long hours. 

No. 207. Lots and acreages for sale 
joining new Church of the Brethren in 
Paradise, Calif. Ideal place to retire. 
Nice community, hard surface road, wa- 
ter, electricity and telephone. Mild win- 

No. 208. For sale: Two modern houses 
in northeastern . Indiana — nine and six 
rooms. Near several Church of the Breth- 
ren congregations, grade and high schools. 

No. 209. Farms available for rent under 
favorable conditions to experienced young 
farm couples interested in church and 
community. One farm in central Michi- 
gan, near Brethren community, and one 
in central Indiana. 

No. 211. Opportunity for work and 
study for a C. O. in a home for children 
being held by the Children's Court, near 
Flint, Mich. Eight-hour day, with pay of 
$100 per month plus maintenance and 
transportation to town. Could be filled by 
a girl interested In child c&re, or a man 
interested in recreation or drafting, 
physical education, etc. Opportunity for 
case work provided for employee inter- 
ested in sociology. 

The ladies' aid made clothing for the 
children of Europe. On Nov. 17 Mrs. 
George Wright spol^e at our church. Our 
Christmas program was held on Dec. 22. 
We are all looking forward to a better 
year ahead. — Dorothy Barron, Frledens, 

Philadelphia, Belhaay.^— The mother and 
daughter association sponsored a musical 
for the benefit of our new memorial or- 
gan. A silver offering was lifted. On 
Thanksgiving morning we held a special 
service; our pastor and elder, H. H. Moy- 
er, brought the message. Challenging Our 
Thankfulness. The choir rendered special 
music and an offering of $284 was given 
to the mortgage fund. The spiritual mes- 
sages brought by our pastor and our co- 
minister, John L. Landis, have proved a 
great blessing. The finance committee 
reports that two and one-half years ago 
our mortgage was $6,100; now it is down 
to $1,300. Plans are already being made 
to burn the mortgage in 1947. At the 
morning service on Dec. 10 we dedicated 
our organ; Bro. Landis was the speaker. 
A baby was dedicated at the morning 
service on Dec. 17. — ^L. V. Bartolett, Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 

Shade Creek. — ^The Berkey church cele- 
brated Its 100th anniversary recently. The 
services began with the East Petersburg 
a capella choir giving a concert of famil- 
iar hymns. The guest speaker was Bro. 
Ross Murphy of Shippensburg, Pa., a 
former minister. In the afternoon Bro. 
John F. Graham, a former pastor, and 
Bro. Alvin Faust were the speakers. 
Brethren S. P. Early and F. R. Zook also 
made some fitting remarks. Bro. Richard 
Speicher was recently ordained to the 
ministry. He is attending Manchester 
College. Berkey Knavel, one of our young 
ministers, and his family are attending 
Bethany Seminary. The young people's 
choir meet each week with their director, 
Bro. Stewart Kauffman. They sang carols 
for shut-ins at Christmastime. Our wom- 
en's work is active. They made com- 
forters and collected used clothing for 
relief. They also made washable toys for 
the children's hospital in Puerto Rico. At 
our district meeting held in the Somerset 
church on Oct. 23 our pastor and his wife, 
Brother and Sister Stewart Kauffman, 
were ordained to the eldership. The young 
people presented the play. The Christmas 
Child, on Dec. 22.— Mr. G. Clair Varner, 
Windber, Pa. , 

Welsh Run. — Our love feast was held on 
Nov. 2, with Bro. David Petre officiating. 
Visiting brethren present were Albert 
Nieswander and David Petre. On the 
morning of Nov. 3 Bro. Paul Miller deliv- 
ered the. message. On Nov. 4 Bro. Abra- 
ham Eshelman began a series of meetings 
in Mercersburg. He delivered sixteen 
sermons. We have all been benefited by 
his efforts. On Thanksgiving Day we had 
with us Bro. Francis Litton of Martins- 
burg, W. Va. An offering of $108 was 
lifted for foreign missions. On Christmas 
Day services were held by the home 
brethren. — John D. Martin, Mercersburg, 

French Broad. — Bro. Niles Hilbert, as- 
sisted by our pastor, Bro. R. B. Pritchett, 
officiated at our love feast. The following 
Sunday Bro. Hilbert delivered a mes- 
sage entitled Walking With God. Our 
Sunday school has been reorganized. On 
Nov. 17 we had an all-day service with 
preaching in the forenoon by our pastor. 
The afternoon was spent in singing. Our 
annual Thanksgiving service was held at 
the Baptist church; Bro. Pritchett was 
the speaker. A group f/om our commu- 
nity presented a program at the Jefferson 
County home on Dec. 8. Colored slides 
on The Life of Christ were shown by Bro. 
Galen Allen accompanied by special mu- 
sic, scripture, and readings. The union 
Christmas program was held at the Meth- 
odist church on Christmas Eve. — Ethel M. 
Jones, Dandridge, Tenn. 


Barren Ridere. — Since our last report we 
have our new pastor and his family wifh 

Directory of Missionaries 

and Relief Workers 

National Christian Council, 169 Yuen Ming 

Yuen Road, Slianghai, China 
Ikenberry, Ernest L. and Olivia, 1922. 
Ping Ting Chow, Shansi Province, China 
Flory, Wendell, 1944. 
Parker, Dr. Daryl M., 1933. 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917. 
Show Yang, Shansi Province, China 
SoUenberger, O. C. and Hazel, 1919. 
Wampler, Ernest M.. 1918. 
Tal Yuan Fu 
Velma Ober, 1936 
College of Chinese Studies, 5 Tung Sm 

Toullao Huntung, Peiping, China. 
Crim, Bessie, 1940. 
Detrick, John W., 1945. 
Eshelman, Grace, 1946. 
Flory, Marie, 1945. 
Mason, George and Rae, 1946. 
Parker, Martlia N., R.N., 1933. 
Rothrock, Hazel, 1938. 
Snader. Earl and Delores, 1945. 
Wampler, Elizabeth B.. R.N., 1922. 

On Furlough 

Angeny, Edward T. and Helen F., Juniata 

College, Huntingdon, Pa., 1940. 
Clapper, V. Grace, 715 W. Superior St., 

Fort Wayne, Ind., 1917. 
Crumpacker, F. H. and Anna, 22 S. State 

St., Elgin, 111., 1908. 
Cunningham, Dr. E. Lloyd and Ellen, 251 

Commercial St., Apt. 7, Richmond, 

Calif., 1938. , ,,^ 

Flory, RoUand C. and Josephme K., 114 

Summit Ave., Ithaca, N. Y., 1940. 
Hutchison, Anna, 140 N. Washington St., 

Easton, Md., 1911. 
Myers, Minor M. and Sara, Bridgewater, 

Va., 1919. 
Senger, Nettie, South English, Iowa, 1916. 
Shock. Laura, 525 Court St., Huntington, 

Ind.. 1916. 
Thomas, Susie, % J. O. Baldwin, 3244 R 

Street, Lincoln 3, Nebr. 
Under Appointment 
Bright, John Calvin and Harriett H., 103 

LaSalle St., Peoria, 111., 1946. 
Holderreed, Andrew and Louise, R. 1. Box 

158. Oakville, Wash., 1942. 
Satterthwaite, William and Adeline, % 

Mrs. J. L. Pendleton, 123-1 Parkinson 

Ave., Palo Alto, Calif., 1946. 
Smith, W. Harlan and Frances, Box 505, 

Cerro Gordo, 111., 1946. 

Joint Council Officers, % Vocational 

Training College, Anklesvar, Broach 

Dist., India 
Blough. J. M.. Chairman, 1903. 
Bhagat, P. G., Siecretary of Church of 

the Brethren. 
Inter-Mission Business Office, 240 Hornby 

Road, Fort Bombay, India. 
BlickenstafT, Lynn A. and Mary B., 1921. 
Ahwa, Dangs, Sural District, via BUimora, 

Shull, C. G. and Susan, 1920 and 1927. 
Anklesvar, Broach District, India 
Bollinger, Amsey and Florence M., 1930. 
Brooks, Harlan J. and Ruth, 1924. 
Shickel, Elsie N., 1921. 
Bulsar, Sural DUtzIct, BJ>., India 
Blickenstaflf, Dr. Leonard and Betty, R.N., 

Blickenstaff, Verna, R.N., 1919. 
Carter, Clyde and Eleanor S., 1946. 
Cottrell, Drs. A. R. and Laura, 1913. 
Lichty, D. J. and Anna, 1902 and 1912. 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912. 
Zigler, Earl M. and Rachel M., 1937. 
Dahanu Road, Thana District, India 
Brovm. Dorothy. R.N., 1945. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara, 1915. 
Palghar, Thana District, India 
Ebbert. Ella, 1917. 
Ebey. Alice, 1900. 
Shull, Ernest M. and Lois, 1945. 
Umalla, Broach District, India 
Fasnacht, Everett M. and Joy C, 1940. 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903. 
Vvara, via Sural, India 
Blough, J. M. and Anna, 1903. 
Grisso, Lillian, 1917. 
Kiracofe, Kathryn, 1937. 
On Furlough 
Alley. H. L. and Hattte. Juniata College, 

1808 Scott St.. Huntingdon, Pa., 1917. 
Kinzie, Wm. G. and Pauline G., R. 3, Sa- 
lem. Va., 1937. 
Messer, Hazel E., R.N., 2039 Third St., 

S.E., Canton, Ohio, 1931. 

Moomaw. I. W. and Mabel, 22 St. State St., 
Elgin, 111., 1923. 

Royer, B. Mary, % Eva Bollinger, Rich- 
land, Pa., 1913. 

Swartz. Goldie E., 269 North Sandusky 
St., Delaware, Ohio, 1916. 

Warstler, Anna M., 609 South Sixth St., 
Goshen, Ind., 1931. 

Ziegler, Emma K., 792 President St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 1930. 

Under Appointmenl 

Widdowson, Harold and Mary, 1946. 

Jos, Nigeria, W. Africa, Box 145 
Albright, Lyle and Rowena, 1946. 
Heckman. Clarence C. and Lucile, 1924. 
Myer. Clara, 1946. 
Rupel, Claude and Marie, 1946. 
Shisler, Sara, 1926. 
Garkida, via Joe and Damaturu, Nigeria. 

W. Africa 
Bowman, James B. and Merle, 1945. 
Burger, Richard and Ann, 1945. 
Dadisman, Mary, R.N., 1941. ' 

Dick, Velva Jane, R.N., 1945. 
Eikenberry, Ivan and Mary, 1945. 
Kulp, H. Stover and Christina, 1922 and 

Wirth, Lena, R.N., 1944. 
Wandali, via Damaturu, Nigeria, W. Africa 
Landis, Herman B. and Hazel M., RJJ., 

Liassa, via Jos, P.O. Garkida, Nigeria, W. 

Brumbaugh, Grayce, R.N.. 1937. 
Grimley, John and Mildred, 194S. 
Pfaltzgraff, Dr. Roy E. and Violet, R.N., 

Royer, Harold A. and Gladys H., 1930. 
Marama, via Jos and Damaturu, Nigeria, 

W. Africa 
Baldwin, Elmer and Feme, 1944. 
Harper, Clara, 1926. 
Utz, Ruth, R.N., 1930. 

Chibuk, Nigeria, W. Africa, via Maduguri 
Petre, Ira S. and Mary M., 1939. 
On Furlough 
Bosler, Dr. Howard and Edith, % Charles 

Gump, New Paris, Ind., 1931. 
Horn, Evelyn J., R.N., Roseville, Ohio, 

Studebaker, Dr. Lloyd and Modena, New 

Paris, Ind.. 1934. 
Weaver, E. Paul and Zelma, R. 6, Hun- 
tington, Ind., 1939. 
Under Appointmenl 
Parris, Wayne and Melba, Udell, Iowa, 


Spangalan 38, Malmo, Sweden 
Esbensen, Niels and Christine, 1943. 

CasUla 455, Quito 
Rhoades, J. Benton and Ruby F., 1946. 


Sewell, Laura, Box 694, Weiser, Idaho, 


% Hdq. USFA, USACA, Social AdmlnU- 

tration. Public Welfare Branch, AJ>.0. 

777, Vienna 
Kruger, Mrs. Peter. 
Smeltzer, Ralph. 
Switzer, Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe. 

14 Rue de la Pallle, Brussels 

Bowman. Mrs. John. 

Harshbarger, Mr. and Mrs. Luther. 

Horner, Mr. and Mrs. Dwight. 


UNHRA— B,S.C. Service Unll, % Howard 
SoUenberger, UNRRA, 370 N. Soochow 
Road, Shanghai 

Accola, Harvey. 

Barlow, Claude A. 

Brand, Gordon. 

Brumbaugh, Lester. 

Campbell, Malcolm. 

Cole, David. 

Conner, William. 

Eby Paul. . 

Eckles, Oliver. 

Eicher, Irvin. 

Eicher. William. 

Fleming, David W. 

Hackett, Harold, Jr. 
Hacmac, Richard. 
Hansen, Benjamin. 
Hinton. William H. 
HofF, Raymond. 
Humphreys, Harry. 
Joyce, Robert. 
Keller, Chester Z. 
Knepper, Joseph. 
Lambert, John. 
Ludwick, Galen D. 
Mahaffey, Ray E. 
Mason, Olin J. 
Mitchell, Arthur. 
Mow, Joseph. 
Pannabecker, Robert. 
Patterson, Ivan. 
Quinn, Paul. 
Richards, Maurice D. 
Richards, Owen. 
Rupel, Myrl C. 
Sanger, Warren. 
Shank, Ernest C. 
Shankster, Owen L. 
Shoenhorr, Gustave. 
Snyder, George, 
Soelzer, Ralph. 
Solomon, Darwin. 
Thor, Clifford. 
Wallick, Franklin. 
Warner, Donald. 
Whitcher, Frank. 
Wiant, Leighton. 
Williams, Dale E. 
Wilson, James. 
Wilson, Otho. 
Wright, Donald. 

Casilla 784, Guayaqidl 
Grady, Reta Jane. 
Casilla 455, Quito 
Wolfe, Claude and June. 

American Aid to France, Baraque 20, 

Citi GuUlemlnot, Dunkerque (Nord) 
Webb, Charles and Ruth. 

Cralog — Omgus, APO 751, U. S. Army, 

Burke, Eldon R. 
Cralog — Omgus, P. W. and D. P. Division, 

Greater Hesse, APO 633 
Bowman, John. 
Y.M.CJV./WPA, Y.M.C.A./CVWW. Hq. B. 

A.O.R., Bad Salzuflen 
Lefever, Ernest 

Via San Nicolo da Tolenllno 78, UNRRA 
Italian Mission, Roma 

Ebersole, Mark. 

UNRRA — CASAS, via Massimo d' Azeglia, 
Carrara, Apuanla 

Bowman, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 
Frantz. Mr. and Mrs. Merlin. 
Lichty, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene. 
Mays, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 

871 Havendorp, Flushing (Zeeland) 
Burke, Mrs. Eldon R. 
Earhart. Isaac. 
Rupel, Lois. 
Rupel, Martha. 

Mokolowska 12, Warsaw 
Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Bruce. 

PRRA Castaner Project, Caslaiier 
Anderson, Josephine. 
Bachman, Luke and Martha. 
Burke, Dr. Homer and Marguerite. 
Click, Maurice. 
EUer. Edna. 

Haag, Walter and Alys Lickel. 
Helfrick, Drs. Francis and Sylvia. 
Idleman, Ruth. 
, Keiser. Walter. 
Kimmel, Betty. 
King. Rufus and Wanda. 
Long. Howard. 
Mathews. Thomas. 
Mathis, Gladden and Caryl. 
Reeves. Bruce and Margie Piatt. 
Roop. Elizabeth. 

Shearer, Byron and Velma Miller. 
SoUenberger, Donald. 
Stanley, Robert. 
Webster. Knight and Dorothy. 
Wickline. Cecil. 
Wolf, Howard and Josephine. 
Wright, Howard and Charlotte. 

Falfurrlas, Texas 

HoUinger, Roland. 

Michael, Mr. and Mrs. H. D. 

JANUARY 25, 1947 


us. He held our revival meetings Nov. 
3-17. Our council meeting was held Dec. 
1. We expect to have a Christmas pro- 
gram. On Dec. 15 we had a film script on 
the life of Paul. More of our men are 
returning from the service. One letter 
of membership was granted. — Mrs. Crystal 
Allen, Staunton, Va. 

Jones Chapel. — We enjoyed a seven 
days' revival under the direction of our 
pastor, Bro. F. B. Layman. Seven were 
baptized and one was received by letter. 
Bro. Earl Zigler, missionary to India, vis- 
ited our church. He gave us an interest- 
ing report on the work in India. Our love 
feast was held Nov. 2 with our elder, Bro. 
L. A. Bowman, presiding. The ladies' aid 
society has been quilting. — Mrs. Fannie 
Draper, Martinsville, Va. 

Newport. — We met in council recently 
with our elder, Bro. Homer Miller, pre- 
siding. Bro. Olin Landis was re-elected 
pastor for the coming year. Our home- 
coming was held; Brethren C. E. Long 
and S. M. Zigler were the guest speakers. 
Bro. H. M. Snavely of Quakertown, Pa., 
held a two weeks' meeting for us. Thir- 
teen were received by baptism. Our love 
feast was held Nov. 9, with Bro. Olin Lan- 
dis and his father. Elder Benny Landis, 
officiating. Through the efforts of Elder 
Ernest Cave we have a 100% Messenger 
club. On Nov. 12 Brother and Sister Earl 
Zigler, missionaries on furlough from In- 
dia, were with us. Our women have been 
sewing for and contributing to the vari- 
ous relief projects. Bro. Ausby Cubbage 
held a week's meeting at Leaks Chapel 
and baptized two. — Mrs. Anna Frazier, 
Shenandoah, Va. 

Newport N«ws. — We have been pro- 
gressing under the guidance and advice of 
Bro. D. B. Garber of Waynesboro, who 
organized our Sunday school in July 1943. 
We were successful in securing Bro. L. W. 
Blackwell as our pastor. A one-week 
meeting was held Nov. 3-10 by Bro. Black- 
well. Thirteen were baptized. Elder C. 
E. EUer and Bro. Blough spent the week 
end with us and organized a church for 
us, closing with our love feast on Nov. 10. 
Several letters of membership have been 
received and others will be received on 
Nov. 24. A colored chorus presented a 
program for us recently. Anyone know- 
ing of any Brethren families living in or 
near Newport News please notify Bro. 
L. W. Blackwell, 130 A Street, Copeland 
Park, Newport News, Va. — Lillian B. Ho- 
mer, Hilton Village, Va. 


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By Cynthia Pearl Maus. Price, $4.35. 

A complete anthology of pictures, poetry, hymns and stories 
centering in the life of Christ. 


By Chester Warren Quimhy. Price, $2.00. 

A lovely new book featuring pictures and essays presenting 
the months of the year. 

By Jeanette Brown. Price, 50c. 

A lovely and inexpensive book featuring brief graces children- 
can sing. 


By Merton S. Rice. Price, $1.75. 

Pictures and appreciations dealing with the wonders of our 

Father's world. 


By Clarence Seidenspinner. Price, $2.00. 

" Combines beautiful photography with devotional meditations 
about our world and our friends. 


By H. A. Brandt and Ernest G. Hoff. Price, 75c. 

Nature passages from the Psalms interpreted in appropriate 

pictures as well as words. 


By Fred D. Wentzel. Price, $2.00. 

Pictures and meditations stressing the rural values in life. 


By Ernest G. Hojf. Price, $2.00. 

A harvest of lovely pictures with interpretations which stir 

the reader to take heart. 

By Percy R. Hay ward. Price, $1.50. 

A prayer book for young people. Reverent in words and help- 
ful in illustrations. 





Please send me the picture devotional books as checked above. 
The total enclosed for the books is dollars. 


Street or Route 

p. O Zone State ■ 

Gospel Messenger 

Voliune 96 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 

Number 5 




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Photo by E. G. Hoff 

Unb tLe M. 


AVID grew up in the hills; between their shaggy peaks he led his father's 
flocks; in the shadow of their mighty fortresses his pen sang of mountainous 

*'I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help." "Even 
the mountains and all the hills sing praises unto the Lord." "His foundation is in 
the holy mountains." "I will sing of his steadfastness unto all generations." "Truly 
my soul waiteth upon God: from him cometh my salvation. He only is my rock 
and my salvation." "Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I 
will fear no evil: for thou art with me." "O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy 
name in all the earth!" 

The message of God's hills is ever the same. Mt. Rainier pictured here speaks 
a message of strength to all who come within sight of its vaulted, white-domed 
peaks. D. w. B. 


Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, lU., as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 
Volume 96 Ntimber 5 

yw silk TLumoe'L . . . 

Editorial — 

Unto the Hills (D.W.B.) .'.. 1 

Around the World (E.W.) 2 

We Did Not Look High Enough (D.W.B.) 3 

A Best Seller (D.W.B.) 4 

Thinking About the News (D.W.B.) 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 

About Books 17 

The General Forum — 

No Short Cuts to the Kingdom. Charles 
E. Zunkel 5 

The Offer of the Christian College. 
Henry J. Arnold 6 

A World Without War. I. W. Lear 7 

Pruning Is Important. Elmer R. Baldwin 9 

The Brethren Under Universal Military 
Conscription. Levi K. Ziegler 10 

What Does Christian Democracy De- 
mand? Walter McDonald Kahle 11 

Advertising the Lord Jesus. Marion 
Thomas 1 3 

Home and Family — 

What a Mother Sows. Mrs. J. W. Lear. . 14 
Walking With God Today. Edward 
Krusen Ziegler 15 

Out Mission Work — 

My Treasure Chests. Alice K. Ebey ...18 
Baroda School of Theology. Govindji K. 
Satvedi 19 

Brethren Service — 

The Other Side of Church Relief. Her- 
bert C. Lytle, Jr. ,. 20 

The Church at Work— 

The Community Religious Survey 22 


A warning against "militarization 
of our youth" was approved unani- 
mously by the Presbytery of New 
York and was sent to the President's 
commission on universal training. 

Canada has withdrawn an Order 
in Council which would have draft- 
ed conscientious objectors. Now that 
the order has been rescinded, C.O.'s 
assigned to service under the min- 
istry of labor have been released. 

Homeless Mennonites left Rot- 
terdam, Holland, and Bremerhaven, 
Germany, the last of January for 
places of refuge in Paraguay, Puerto 
Eico, Canada and the United States, 
the Mennonite Central Committee 
has announced. 

An evangelistic campaign to re- 
cruit 1,000,000 new members and 
establish 300 new churches or Sun- 
day schools by 1950 will be under- 
taken by the Presbyterian Church, 
the chairman of the national com- 
mittee on evangelism, Dr. Raymond 
C. Walker, reported. 

Dr. Norbert Wiener of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, one 
of the world's leading mathemati- 
cians, refused to address a recent 
symposium on calculating machinery 
at Harvard University because, he 
said, the devices under discussion 
were "for war purposes." 

Baptist churches of Oklahoma 
have scheduled thirty-four evange- 
listic and missionary conferences in 
that many Oklahoma cities during 
January and February. It is hoped 
that the campaign will result in 300,- 
000 consecrations. 

Women of fourteen greater Cleve- 
land churches concluded a unique 
family clinic with plans for stabiliz- 
ing family life in the community. 
That the prime necessity for a stable 
American home is the church was 
the conclusion reached by the meet- 

Necirly a million Jews in foreign 
lands were aided in 1946 by the 
Joint Distribution Committee (a 
Jewish organization), which spent 
$58,500,000 for relief and rehabilita- 
tion, Edward M. M. Warburg, the 
chairman, announced recently. The 
chief interest of the committee was 
in the survivors of the Hitler regime 
in Europe. 

An innovation in the govern- 
ment's treatment of the juvenile de- 
linquent problem is the plan of At- 
torney General Tom Clark to send 
fifty of the boys in the National 
Training School for Boys to the best 
military and preparatory schools in 
the country. The plan will be car- 
ried out as soon as people can be 
found who are willing to invest $300 
to $500 a year for each scholarship. 

Security by Civilicxns 

General H. C. Holdridge of the 
United States army (retired), is still 
openly denouncing American mili- 
tary policies hy his writings and 
speeches. The general's voice car- 
ries weight, for among other dis- 
tinguished positions he was com- 
mander of the general training 
school at Ft. Washington, Md., and 
professor of history at West Point. 

One of General Holdridge's 
charges is that large industrial in- 
terests dictate the policy of our war 
department and that the mainte- 
nance of universal com,pulsory mili- 
tary training and a hig army is not 
so much for foreign wars hut an 
instrument of control in the domes- 
tic scene — when the next depression 
comes and millions of American 
workers get hungry. 

The general recently stated: "In 
this atomic age the only possible 
use for the huge United States ar- 
mies demanded by the reactionary 
members of the American Legion, 
Veterans of Foreign Wars, and the 

National Association of Manufac- 
turers and high ranking military 
men is for suppressing our own 
people. . . . You can't use the atomic 
bomb to suppress your own people, 
but you can use rifles. If that is 
what the mass army is going to be 
used for, let the army say so." 

General Holdridge warned m,ili^ 
tary leaders against errors. "I con- 
sider the war department wrong in 
its entire approach to our security 
today," he said. "The army has 
made many mistakes in the past. It 
hasn't too good a record in getting 
ready for the past wars. We paid 
taxes to support cavalry until 1946. 
. . . In the interest of national se- 
curity the first step would be to 
break the monopoly of the armed 
forces now held over our security. 
We have now taken the atomic 
bomb out of their hands. We should 
now put all of our security in the 
hands of a civilian national security 
council."— From BETWEEN the 
LINES, Dec. 23, 1946. 


We Did Not Look High 

THE writer and his family 
spent several days last sum- 
mer climbing on Mt. Rai- 
nier in Washington. Through- 
out the Northwest this peak is 
known as • The Mountain. It 
has the largest glacial system 
of any mountain in the United 
States. It thrusts its hoary head 
upward more than fourteen 
thousand feet or nearly three 
miles, from a start not far above 
sea level. It can be seen from 
almost all of western Washing- 
ton, even from distances of a 
hundred and fifty miles away. 
Though there are many other 
mountains in western Washing- 
ton which carry glaciers upon 
their backs and whose peaks are 
crowned by perpetual halos of 
snow, yet when anyone asked us 
'Whether we were going to the 
mountain, we had no question in 
our minds concerning which 
mountain was meant. Indeed 
for all of the mountain enthusi- 
asts of the United States, Mt. 
Rainier is fast becoming The 

Our family came to Mt. Rai- 
nier in the spring of the year. 
Clouds laden with moisture from 
the Pacific hung about its sum- 
mit, continued to deposit their 
burdens as snow upon its slopes 
and very successfully hid from 
us even a glimpse of its mighty 
peak. As we drove over the 
miles which led us to the moun- 
tain, we could see nothing of its 
legendary glory. The writer, 
who had seen it several times 
before, kept the other members 
of the family on the edges of 
their seats peering upward for 
a kindly break in the clouds. 
"Look higher," he warned. "It 
will be much higher than you 
think at all possible." 

On the first day we drove 
more than a score of miles on 
winding switchbacks up Mt. 
Rainier's snow-covered slopes, 

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peering ever upward for its sum- 
mit. Though we saw many 
waterfalls and many lower 
peaks, Mt. Rainier was hidden 
in clouds that would not give 
way to our expectant and eager 

The following day we started 
up again with our hopes una- 
bated. We had dressed for 
climbing and before very long 
we were peering into the ice 
caves which undermined one of 
the glaciers out of which a tor- 
rential river poured, filled with 
glacial powder. As we stood on 
the glacier, our gaze followed its 
outline upward. We knew that 
miles above us it reached all the 
way to the summit. But soon its 
outline was lost in clouds and 
though we looked as high as we 
could, we were not able to see 
the top. 

Entering the car, we began 
winding upward to still higher 
altitudes when suddenly the old- 
er son who was looking out of 
the rear window exclaimed, 
"There it is! There it is! We 
didn't look high enough!" 

The car was stopped at once, 
even though the grade was peri- 
lous, and all the family tumbled 
out quickly. Through a rift in 
the clouds, we at last saw the 
peak! It was three times higher 
than any of us had been looking 
for, even though we had repeat- 
edly warned each other, "Look 

higher, look higher." We were 
so thrilled by it and pulled up- 
ward by it that we went on to 
spend the day climbing for miles 
on its snow-buried slopes. 

The moral of this story is so 
clear that it seems almost un- 
necessary to point it out. In 
our world, which is heavily over- 
cast with ominous clouds, we 
look for release and victory on 
too low a plane. That peak is 
far above; we must look higher 
than we have ever looked before 
even to see it. 

We can see many peaks lower 
down and we can be satisfied 
with those if we desire, but the 
peak of victory, which is miles 
higher, is the only one which 
will suffice in our day. 

Or shall I make the meaning 
even clearer? Within the past 
four weeks I have heard these 
words not once but numerous 
times: "Of course we need a 
world government but we must 
always have some nations which 
will have armies powerful 
enough to force others to obey 
them." "I love the Negro, the 
Mexican, the Chinese, but let us 
keep them segregated; they 
must not be allowed to steal our 
rightful places in society." "Of 
course I think alcohol can be a 
menace and a danger but let us 
not be unreasonable about these 
things; a little social drinking 
never hurt anyone." 

These are all lesser peaks and 
Christians cannot be satisfied 
with them. The great peak tow- 
ers above them. It is Brother- 
hood, Justice, Righteousness, 
Complete Surrender to the Spir- 
it of Jesus Christ who once car- 
ried a cross all the way to a 
mountain's top. 

Recently men in high places 
have said that the Ten Com- 
mandments and the Sermon on 
the Mount are unachievable 
ideals. They need not be if we 
will follow our Guide. D. w. B. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1947 3 

A Best Seller 

THROUGHOUT the years, 
almost without a single 
exception, the Bible has 
been the world's best seller. Not 
only does it sell widely but there 
are indications that is is read 
widely. A survey recently com- 
pleted indicates that at least one 
fourth of the middle-class homes 
in America have Bible reading 
daily. The survey revealed fur- 
ther that the Bible is found in 
more than 88% of such homes. 
The average number of Bibles 
in these homes is three. Women 
own the most; men and children 
follow in order. There are also 
many Bibles belonging to the 
total household; family Bibles 
still are common. 

Bibles are becoming more and 
more popular as gifts. Christ- 
mas is the most popular time to 
give Bibles. Bibles bound in 
white are being widely used as 
gifts for the bride. Birthdays 
also call for many gifts of Bibles. 

The publication of the new 
Revised Standard Version of the 
New Testament brought an al- 
most unprecedented amount of 
orders for new Bibles. Print- 
ing companies are months be- 
hind in supplying the demand. 

This is all very encouraging. 
We are buying Bibles. A goodly 
number of us are reading them. 
One thing remains yet to be 
done. We must catch the spirit 
of the Christ who is at the heart 
of the Bible. We must read all 
of the Bible in the light of 
Christ's life and teachings. We 
must understand the will and 
purpose of God as Jesus re- 
vealed it through the record of 
his life. This only the Bible 
gives us. 

' Then having understood these 
things we must live them in our 
lives. Thus the Bible will be- 
come not only a best seller but 
it will become a living thing. Its 
message will live in every home 
and along every city street. 

D. w. B. 


Of Whom Is America Aircrid? 

Despite considerable wiggling and turning, the United States, upon 
several recent occasions, has been thrown into the position of being 
the nation which hesitantly drags its feet when the talk of world dis- 
armament gets down anywhere near to specifics. 

"Disarmament" is a word which has been regarded as pretty well 
taboo since the ending of the war. It was assumed that national safety 
and national armaments were synonymous and that, therefore, atomic 
bomb tests, rocket experiments, jet propulsion and Arctic expeditions 
were necessary for our protection. It was assumed further by the 
militarists that eventually they could force a peacetime conscription 
bill upon us. The entire world became enmeshed in this mad swirl of 
preparedness, in this quickening glide toward death. 

But at the UN assembly, meeting in New York, all of this was 
changed. Russia proposed disarmament! The rest of the world 
gasped in surprise. Could it be that these who had been designated 
as arch-haters were in reality lovers of peace; or was there some clever 
manipulation back of their surprising, almost unbelievable, proposal? 

Whether there was something back of it or not the nations of the 
world seized upon the suggestion with an avidness born of despair. It 
seemed almost too good to believe that our sons and daughters might 
be allowed to grow up after all. 

The United States, somewhat chagrined that she had not had the 
courage to make this proposal first, went along halfheartedly. We 
said that we would co-operate if we could do it in our own way, that 
we would hold the atomic secret as our trump card and would ploy 
according to our own rules. But we were not very serious eyen about 
that. While disarmament conversations were in process, we did not 
slow down our atomic factories; we continued to shoot experimental 
rocket missiles regularly; we released the news of a 1700-mile-per- 
hour bomber; we sent out an Antarctic expedition. It began to appear 
that any arms reduction would be carefully calculated not to disturb 
the balance of power. 

We can see at once that this would not be disarmament at all; any 
real disarmament must begin with the human spirit. If we do not 
disarm ourselves of hate and mistrust, we will not be disarmed no 
matter whether we hold in our hands clubs, spears, rifles or atomic 

' Against this seeming impasse Russia spoke again. They asked 
that we add to our good words some significant actions. Russia's 
pressure for disarmament and America's hesitancy about it is causing 
those who love peace to -lose faith in America and to pin their hopes 
upon Russia. 

What an opportunity America is missing! If we had courage we 
would stop our atomic bomb factories, we would bury our war rockets, 
we would quit struggling for peacetime conscription, and we would 
lead the world courageously toward life and peace. As long as we 
do not, we are not being either good Americans or good Christians. 

A resolution has now been introduced into Congress asking that 
through the UN we invite the world to disarm. Should we not sup- 
port this enthusiastically, and suggest that it be a real disarmament 
and that all military conscription everywhere be abandoned at the 
same time? Can we not do more than talk about it? D. W. B. 

No Short Cuts 

TO THE Kingdom 

William Hole 

Gramstorff Bros., Inc. 

To bring the kingdom of God by a miracle or by slowly transforming the hearts of 
men was the decision that Jesus faced 

AS WE read the words of 
Matthew 4:5-7, we see 
Jesus still in the wilder- 
ness beyond Jordan. His period 
of lonely vigil still continues. 
He has not done with the prob- 
lems that face him in his minis- 
try. The spirit of Satan still 
confronts him and with new and 
more subtle temptations. Jesus 
has won in the temptation about 
the kind of Messiah he is to be. 

His ministry is to be primarily 
to the souls of men; he is not 
going to be a mere bread-and- 
butter Messiah. 

But now, as his meditation 
continues, it is as though the 
very rock on which he sits trans- 
forms itself into the corner- 
stone of the pinnacle of the 
temple. "If thou be the Son of 
God," said the devil, "cast thy- 
self down: for it is written, He 

Charles E. Zunkel 

Wenatchee, Washington 

shall give his angels charge con- 
cerning thee: and in their hands 
they shall bear thee up, lest at 
any time thou dash thy foot 
against a stone." 

Ah, so that is it, short cut to 
messiahship! A miracle would 
do it. All would then readily ac- 
claim his messiahship. Why 
not? What is wrong with that? 
What could be thought satanic 
about that? From the human 
standpoint it looks reasonable. 
Anything as innocent as this 
should be perfectly justifiable, 
if it gets the desired results. To 
establish the kingdom in the 
shortest possible time — certain- 
ly that is primary. 

No, Jesus recognizes that the 
kingdom cannot come in such a 
fashion. It must come like leav- 
en in the pan of dough, quietly 
transforming the hearts of men 
and then the relationships of so- 
ciety. But "we would see a sign 
from thee" was a cry which for- 
ever dogged his footsteps, 
throughout his entire ministry. 
And his answer was, "There 
shall no sign be given to it, but 
the sign of the prophet Jonas." 
What was that? It was his min- 
istry. How true this was with 
Jesus! Do you recall how he 
answered John's disciples who 
came to him while John was in 
prison? "Go your way, and tell 
John what things we. have seen 
and heard. . . ." If he was to 
be only a mere bread-and-butter 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 5 

The Offer of the Christian College 

Heiuy J. Arnold 

President Hartwlck College, Oneonta, New York 

TO GUIDE the inquiring student through the winding paths 
of the world's best knowledge; 

To show him how that knowledge should be used, or 
not be used, for the ben&fit of mankind; 

To develop attitudes and motives that insure for him the 
happiest relationships with other persons; 

To arouse a keen awareness of the power of unseen spiritual 
forces of the world, and their importance in the total pattern of 

To stand at the door of interpretation in all areas of life 
in which he may find misunderstanding and confusion; 

To develop in him a wholesome appreciation for the good 
in people of other lands and nations; 

To discover his vocational and avocational potentialities and 
to cssist him in finding a field of service in which his abilities 
and skills may be most advantageously applied; 

To broaden and deepen his faith in a living, personal God 
and lead him to an acceptance of Jesus Christ as his personal 
Savior and Redeemer; 

These and numerous other values that insure the develop- 
ment of a well-balanced and vital personality are offered by 
the truly Christian college. Than these there can be no richer 

Messiah it would be quite all 
right to pull a miracle to get 
quick and popular recognition, 
but a doctor of souls cannot do 
that. Having sensed the truth, 
he said they should not make 
trial of their God. 

But you and I face the same 
problem of short cuts to the 
kingdom. It is not new at all; 
neither is it obsolete. One of 
these problems we face is that 
of ends and means. Shall we do 
wrong that good may result? 
Why should we not? A young 
person is called upon to make 
the decision between keeping 
his or her ideals and losing 
friends or at least being thought 
strange. Contrary to the best 
of home or church training often 
the decision is made in the inter- 
ests of the more popular way. It 
is necessary, it is thought. In 
business men take the friendly 
glass to be acceptable; they buy 
chance's or make bets or suc- 
cumb to telling dirty stories, all 
because it is in vogue. Business 


demands it. After all we must 
get on in our world, we think. 

Take the matter of war, for 
instance. The early church was 
quite clear in her position that 
war is sinful. Early Christians 
did not participate in war, at 
least down until the third cen- 
tury. But then something hap- 
pened in the life of the church. 
Constantine was received into 
the church, along with his 
hordes of soldiers, and from that 
day the situation changed. The 
attitude of the church changed. 
Rationalization took place. No 
longer did the church follow the 
teaching of its Master in this re- 
spect. The voice and leading of 
her Lord was lost almost com- 
pletely for thirteen centuries, 
until it was recaptured again. It 
is strange what tricks our minds 
play on us. How we rationalize 
to make the end justify the 
means. But th^re are no short 
cuts to the kingdom. 

In these days there is some 
talk that the use of great force, 
the development of great power 
and might, can bring order to 

our torn and suffering world. 
From the human point of view 
it looks quite reasonable. When 
we stop to ponder it though, we 
recognize and admit that the 
suffering ancl agony of this 
method is certainly far from de- 
sirable. But the end justifies the 
means, we are told. It is a mat- 
ter of the choice of the lesser of 
two evils. But history has dem- 
onstrated the transitoriness of 
order established by brute force, 
of the so-called peace brought 
by the sword. Why do we fool 
ourselves and delude ourselves 
thus? Jesus said, "If Satan cast 
out Satan ... he is divided 
against himself; how then shall 
his kingdom stand?" And yet 
we ignore this and blunder along 
in our determination to believe 
that it cannot be so. And so we 
suffer, agonize and bleed. All 
for what? 

Sometimes we hear people 
say, "Why doesn't God take 
things in his own hands and 
bring order out of this chaos and 
peace out of this tumult?" It is 
because God works through us, 
his children, to do these mighty 
and worthy things. And so long 
as we turn our backs on the 
deep and everlasting principles 
of justice and right, the truth of 
his kingdom, we will go on suf- 
fering, agonizing and bleeding. 
We will go on to our horrors and 
miseries and death. God does 
not take short cuts to the king- 
dom. A kingdom established in 
that way might be highly desir- 
able, but the methods are wrong. 
The kingdom can last and abide 
only as it is built out of the 
willing co-operation and devo- 
tion of those who are its sub- 

Short cuts to the kingdom just 
do not work. Jesus recognized 
that. He was wholly unwilling 
to give himself to any such clap- 
trap methods. He was perfectly 
willing to take the longer meth- 
od of establishing the kingdom, 
because it was the only one 
which could endure the test of 

A World Without War 

J. W. Lear 

Pacific Coast Executive Secretary 

THE title sounds like Utopia. 
Wars have been the com- 
mon experience of unciv- 
ilized and civilized alike. Up-to- 
date civilization instead of out-\ 
lawing war has made it more 
costly, devastating and horrible. 
Many good people, judging the 
future by the past and through 
a certain interpretation of the 
Scriptures, declare that we will 
have war down to the end of 
time. I am aware of Jesus' 
statement, "I came not to bring 
peace but a sword." However, 
he had reference to the clash of 
moral and religious ideals and 
not the matter of organized war- 

Differences of opinion Ihere al- 
ways will be, and so long as sin 
abounds there will be hatred and 
revenge unleashed. And with- 
out doubt there will be cause for 
national and international po- 

lice forces to maintain order. 
But that is different from organ- 
ized armies of gigantic and com- 
petitive strength. The wealthier 
and the more educationally 
clever a nation becomes the 
larger the destructive forces be- 
come. Such nations are sus- 
pected, feared and hated; but, on 
the other hand, such nations for- 
tunately have the potential val- 
ues of big brothers, good Samar- 
itans and builders of interna- 
tional goodwill. But with an 
ever-increasing army, navy and 
air force, the larger nations be- 
come hazards to society, moun- 
tains of dynamite, not only ready 
but eager for an opportunity to 
demonstrate strength to endure, 
and ability to destroy. Instead 
of being big brothers they be- 
come big bullies, figuratively 
flexing muscles, projecting their 
chests, expanding pompously 

Religious News Service 
A world where scenes like these will not be repealed is the hope oi peoples everywhere 

and strutting cockishly over vic- 
tories won and the devastation 
wrought. In their false pride 
they claim that by virtue of their 
obliteration of cities, the wanton 
destruction of men, women and 
children, the impoverishment of 
moral standards, and the bank- 
ruptcy of monetary values, they 
are entitled to be called saviors 
of society and that the conflict in 
which they were engaged was a 
"holy war." 

If we are to have a world with- 
out organized warfare and com- 
peting armies the people of the 
world must properly evaluate 
the system. They must come to 
see that the war institution is 
silly, stupid, unnecessary, futile 
and unchristian. They must 
discover that large armies, well 
equipped, are forces to be feared 
rather than fostered, that they 
endanger goodwill among na- 
tions and races rather than en- 
hance it, and that they butcher 
the social order rather than 
build it. They need to know that 
the war system produces licen- 
tiousness, immorality, deception, 
envy, revenge, plunder and mur- 
der, all of which are not only 
dangerous elements in a social 
order but are definitely un- 
christian. War is more than 
sin; it is an abomination in the 
sight of God. And the bigger 
the war the more abominable it 
becomes. About the silliest, 
most unchristian and most un- 
necessary business society can 
engage in is organized warfare. 

How will this information be 
transmitted and through what 
media will this knowledge come 
to the masses? This is an im- 
portant matter, for if these facts 

FEBRUARY 1. 1947 7 

are not written in men's hearts 
civilization will become so 
thoroughly uncivilized that man 
will obliterate himself. The 
first world war was a child, the 
second was full grown, and the 
third will be a titan, a giant of 
destruction, beastly and carniv- 
orous, not out of necessity, but 
out of sheer wantonness and 
cruelty. So long as nations glory 
in war, take pride in conquest, 
pin medals on men as a gratuity 
for their valor and sagacity in 
destructiveness, just so long they 
will go on digging the pit in 

that serves their nation first and 
fullest. Thank God, there are 
some Christian statesmen. 

Moreover, we cannot look for 
help in this direction from the 
majority of politicians. They 
are so fully occupied with either 
getting political jobs or ma- 
neuvering to hold the ones they 
have that they have little time 
to foster international and inter- 
racial goodwill. 

For the most part, much can- 
not be expected of the commer- 
cial man. Business is business, 
you know, and to succeed one 

Educating for peace through study groups, small discussion groups and the schools 

which they will find, sooner or 
later, their own doom. 

This information against war 
and in favor of a love which 
eventuates in goodwill and of a 
law which upholds justice and 
fair dealings will not be promot- 
ed by the average politician. 
These men, as a rule, are narrow- 
ly nationally minded. It is the 
nation first, humanity second, 
with them. Their god is a na- 
tional god,. Their maxim is 
"trust in the national god and 
keep your powder dry." The 
only international order in 
which they are interested is one 



must not be too much concerned 
for the other fellow. Many busi- 
nessmen are so much interested 
in commercial ventures and so 
hard boiled that they place ma- 
terial prospects above the wel- 
fare of humanity. Then, too, 
they are interested in a national 
order that can follow up their 
moneyed interests and protect 
them. An "every fellow for him- 
self and the devil take the hind- 
most" policy will never build in- 
ternational goodwill, nor will it 
work for the outlawry of war. 

If the statesman's oratory, the 
politician's chicanery and the 
commercial man's sagacity 
measure short in building a 

world order of goodwill and jus- 
tice, we will need to turn else- 
where for educators to do the 
task. Education is the only right 
course. What ought to be done 
can be done, if we strive faith- 
fully, consistently and persist- 

Then where will we turn? 
The three greatest forces in edu- 
cation are parents, teachers and 
ministers. If we could get per- 
fect co-operation here the work 
could be done in one generation. 
For these groups to change the 
social order, first, they should 
agree that a warless world is 
possible. Second, they should 
set, up a definite program of edu- 
cation. Third, they should build 
an organization qualified to car- 
ry through their purpose. 
Fourth, these three groups in 
our nation should challenge 
these same groups in all nations 
and races to join in this educa- 
tional crusade. 

The church should lead in this 
gigantic undertaking. Religion 
must undergird the program. , 
In fact, Christianity has all the 
elements to outlaw war. Inter- 
national goodwill cannot be 
gotten or maintained without in- 
ternational justice. Internation- 
al justice cannot be enjoyed 
without the Christian's golden 
rule. The church must do more 
than want peace. Wishful think- 
ing will not avail. Hard work, 
great sacrifice, endless patience 
and unwavering faith will be 
required. The church has had 
this cherished ambition and re- 
sponsibility long enough to have 
the work done, but she has al- 
lowed national pride, mercen- 
ary ambitions, and strident sel- 
fish voices to divide her inter- 
ests, dampen her ardor and sty- 
mie her program. 

The homes of the world are 
great sufferers in times of war. 
The youth are uprooted from 
society; they are mobilized for 
purposes of killing their fellow 
men, of destroying human val- 
ues, and of reducing to rubble 

what has taken centuries to es- 
tablish. Many of these men lose 
their moral values and their 
health, and scores never return. 
What a travesty on intelligence 
to say or believe that the accom- 
plishments of war more than 
compensate for the loss. During 
a war, the teen-agers and the 
juniors acquire the same spirit, 
and with toys purchased by par- 
ents or improvised, they become 
potential outlaws, destroyers 
and murderers. As a result, our 
society becomes unsafe, our 
courts are overworked and our 
jails and penitentiaries are over- 
crowded. So long as parents 
glorify war or even apologize for 
it the education in the home 
hinders, if it does not make im- 
possible, the plan for a warless 

The public schools, colleges 
and universities should become 
active educational units for a 
peaceful order in which we have 
international goodwill, interna- 
tional free trade, international 
arbitrament and an internation- 
al police force to maintain and 
promote righteousness and 
peace. Our educational institu- 
tions should never become pup- 
pets to organizations which are 
too nationally or organically 
selfish to be internationally sym- 
pathetic and wholesome. Na- 
tional sovereignty has value in 
the measure that it becomes a 
strong unit to promote interna- 
tional welfare. The school, be it 
elementary, graduate or post- 
graduate, which harbors or pro- 
motes selfishness, bigotry, belli- 
cosity, churlishness, skuldug- 
gery, vindictiveness, either in 
persons or organizations, be they 
local, state, national or inter- 
national in scope, is not worthy 
of a place in civilized society. 

May I sum up thus: First, 
a warless world is desirable. 
Second, a warless world is pos- 
sible. Third, a warless world 
"will be the product of a sober, 
sound, invulnerable, Christian 
educational program. Fourth, 

the church, the home and the 
school, united in purpose, pro- 
gram and organization, will be- 
come the educational medium 
to bring the idea to birth and fos- 
ter it until full-grown and oper- 
ative. We dare not depend upon 
radios, newspapers and silver- 
tongued orators so long as they 
stimulate national pride, race 
hatred, and selfish interest. Let 
the ministers, parents and teach- 
ers form a triumvirate in this 
cause. Let their program in- 
clude private instruction, serr 
mons, addresses, forums, ora- 
tions, dramas, and pageantry us- 
ing foundational and structural 
material qualified to build world 
peace and international goodwill 
and in due season we will ac- 
complish our goal if we faint not 
nor grow weary. 

Pruning Is Important 
Elmer R. Baldwin 

Marama, Nigeria 

YESTERDAY the resident of 
Bornu Province, Nigeria, 
paid Marama station a 
brief visit. Along the path from 
the road to our house, we passed 
a large rosebush. He paused 
and fingered some old, dried 
buds and said, "You'll never get 
beautiful roses until you cut 
these off." He shook the buds 
of one of the dozens of branches 
on the bush. 

Why didn't these buds open 
into full bloom and make beauti- 
ful, fragrant roses? The poor 
bush had so many branches with 
so many buds that it just could 
not give enough energy to any 
one branch to produce beautiful 
roses. The result is quite evi- 
dent: great numbers of dried 
buds have never opened, a few 
have dried before they opened 
fully and even a few that seemed 
to have more promise immedi- 
ately lost their petals and are 
really little better than those 
that have never opened. 

I see a man who has old, dried 
buds hanging onto numerous 
branches of his various endeav- 
ors. Maybe there have been a 

few partially opened buds, and 
maybe a few full blooms that did 
not last long enough to be ap- 
preciated by anyone. Only to be 
pitied are these wasted bushes — 
wasted nourishment, wasted en- 
ergy, and wasted potentialities. 

Let us look at another bush. It 
is neat, strong-bodied, with nice- 
ly trimmed branches. It is beau- 
tiful with its sweet-smelling 
roses in full bloom. It attracts 
attention and complimentary 
remarks. It is a thing of beauty 
and makes one feel that it is 
truly the handiwork of God. 

I see a man who is trim, 
strong-bodied, with nicely 
formed habits. He has a beauti- 
ful character; his whole thought 
is devoted to service to God and 
man. He attracts complimen- 
tary remarks. He spreads love 
and beauty, and one feels that he 
is truly the handiwork of God. 

These contrasting rosebushes 
might have been planted in the 
same type of soil with the same 
amount of sunshine, water and 
nourishment. Wherein lies the 
difference? The only difference 
is in the amount of care be- 
stowed on each one. 

These contrasting men might 
have grown up in the same com- 
munity, the same environment, 
maybe even in the same family. 
Again, the difference lies in the 
amount of care bestowed upon 
each one. 

We must not forget that, like 
the rosebush, individuals have 
many branches — likes, desires, 
aptitudes. Often, without lov- 
ing care, direction and trimming 
here and there, they devote their 
energies trying to keep up all of 
these branches. This results 
only in disorganization with lit- 
tle or no constructive service. 
We who are older must help to 
trim the desires and ambitions 
of youth so as to direct their en- 
ergy to the most desirable and 
useful branches of service. Then 
they will open up into full bloom 
in service to God and men. 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 9 

nra 'mnmn 

l4*ute/i ^HioenA^ MilUcLn^f Qo4ticn4fitlo4>i 

Levi E. Ziegler 

Regional Executive Secretary 
Huntingdon. Pennsylvania 

THROUGH the more than 
two and a quarter centur- 
ies of the history of the 
Church of the Brethren there 
have been many wars. The 
early Brethren migrated from 
place to place in order to avoid 
participation in the recurrent 
wars of Europe; finally they 
came to America. 

Does the talk now of univer- 
sal conscription and training in 
the United States mean that we 
too are becoming basically more 
militaristic? Will the Brethren 
have to go on the march again? 
Does the state aim to squeeze 
the church into a larger degree 
of conformity? Does the church 
have the backbone to repel the 
squeeze of the state? Or will 
the church weaken its peace po- 
sition and testimony yet more 
by yielding to the demands of 
the state? 

During the last world war the 
Church of the Brethren had a 
number of men and women in 
the noncombatant services and 
in prison for conscience's sake. 
Ten times as many were in the 
military services. Why? Did 
we fail to make our peace doc- 
trine clear? Did we fail in em- 
phasizing the way of Christ, the 
Prince of Peace, as a way of 

The basic question of the 
Church of the Brethren and for 
all Christendom is the question 
of loyalty to the church and her 
way of peace and love versus 
conformity to the state with all 
of its demands upon life and 



In harmony with the previous action 
adopted by the Ck>uncil of Bishops oi The 
Methodist Church, we support the univer- 
sal abolition of conscription through the 
United Notions, and oppose the establish- 
ment of any form of peacetime compulsory 
military training in the United States. 

December 10, 1946 

Adopted November 14, 1946, in Evanston, 
Illinois, at the Annual Meeting of the 
Commission on World Peace of The 
Methodist Church. 

action. The goals and methods 
of the Master of the church are 
at variance with those of the 
masters of the state. The Church 
of the Brethren and all Chris- 
tians throughout our beloved 
country must decide, and decide 
quickly, to whom they will give 
supreme honor and allegiance. 

It is said that the new Con- 
gress will give early considera- 
tion to universal inilitary con- 
scription legislation. The army 
and the American Legion want 
such a law. Either we will pro- 
test such a law in the name of 
the Master of the church or we 
will fall in line with and yield 
to the demands of the masters 
of the state. 

We should be reminded that 
during the last war, though the 
draft act had a conscientious ob- 
jector provision, many local 
draft boards made it very diffi- 
cult for C. O.'s to establish their 
sincerity. Those who want a 
permanent conscription law 
have made it clear that "bona 
fide conscientious objectors 
would be assigned to service 
units." Do you realize that this 
means that the conscientious ob- 
jector will have no legal status, 
that he will not be allowed to 

claim exemption from military 
service for conscience's sake? 
Frightening, isn't it? Is this 
what we of the church want? 

If a conscription law is passed 
the state will reach down into 
our homes and take our boys at 
eighteen or perhaps even young- 
er, and indoctrinate them in the 
ways of the militaristic state. It 
is frightening to think that the 
state will do this for generations 
to come. Our children will be 
thrown into the military hopper, 
or refusing this, they will go to 
jail. I would have to go to jail. 
I cannot imagine well-known 
Brethren names such as Bow- 
man, Bittinger, Frantz, Miller, 
Royer, Zigler, Blough, Brubaker, 
Brumbaugh, Crumpacker, Fike, 
Eikenberry, Flory, Holsinger, 
Myers, Peters, Weaver, Wine 
and Yoder in large numbers on 
army and navy rosters. Neither 
can I imagine them on jail ros- 
ters. But if we get the law, it 
will be one or the other. 

It is frightening to think that 
if we get a conscription law, 
' the time will come when every 
farm, business, science labora- 
tory, schoolroom, college, doc- 
tor's office, court, home, pulpit, 
governor's chair, president's of- 
fice will be operated by and filled 
with men who have had train- 
ing under that law. It is rather 
clear, isn't it, that under such 
circumstances the state will 
control both ideals and action in 
many, perhaps most, areas of 
life. The church will not be ex- 
cepted. This is what happened 
in Europe. 

Conscription must be pre- 

lllHflT DOES CHIllSTIflO DEdlOCfiecy DEIHeilD? 

Walter McDonald Eofale 

TroutvUle, Virginia 

If we ore to be really democratic we must grow both in our under- 
«tatading of God and in our loyalty to our fellow himian beings. 

THE character, power and 
destiny of individuals and 
nations are always deter- 
mined by the caliber of indi- 
vidual ideals. Recent tragic war 
losses and the pathetic frictions 
I now bulging everywhere present 
a withering indictment against 
our shallow life concepts and our 
flabby convictions. Obviously, 
the undergirding of oior inner 
life is woefully inadequate to 
, stand up under the colossal 
strain of the social responsibility 
that has been placed upon us. 
Democracy is cornered, and un- 
precedented losses are inevitable 
unless we increase the size and 
vigor of our life concepts and 

1. Democracy requires a large 
and compelling concept of God. 
It is difficult to think seriously of 
democracy without definitely 
looking in God's direction. It is 
impossible to possess the spirit 
of democracy without having a 

vented. Universal disarmament, 
which would make conscription 
unnecessary and even silly, must 

May the memory of our faith- 
ful church fathers, the pro- 
nouncements of our Annual 
Conferences, the clear teaching 
of the Word of God, and the 
strength of our personal convic- 
tions and conscience in relation 
to the peace-war question guide 
us in clear-cut, constructive ac- 
tion in this crucial hour. 

vital personal experience with a 
great God. Practical democracy 
in human relationships is utterly 
impossible without a large faith 
in a great God. 

Nothing is quite so disturbing 
in present world maneuvers and 
schemes as the alarming evi- 
dence everywhere of prevailing 
small concepts of God and spine- 
less convictions about right liv- 
ing. We have achieved marvel- 
ous material progress because 
we have insisted on a scientific 
production procedure. But in 
human relationships our achieve- 
ments have been meager and dis- 
appointing. Our small concept 
of God results in shriveled souls 
and small living. The smaller 
the God we know the larger will 
be our doubts, fears and frictions. 
A puny concept of God makes 
impossible a sympathetic con- 
sideration of the needs and 
rights of others. Folk so impov- 
erished are unable to forgive, 
sacrifice and serve for the uplift 
of others. With a small appre- 
ciation of God, monopolies, wars 
and endless sorrows are inevita- 

The Christ presents a colossal 
concept of a great and wonder- 
ful God, Democracy is impos- 
sible without this concept of God. 
True democracy begins with a 
large appreciation of truth. It 
requires solid moral and spir- 
itual foundations. It places a 
high evaluation on the dignity 
and sacredness of life. It calls 

for a sincere interest in unity, 
peace and security. It sponsors 
the rights and welfare of every 
man. It generates a generous 
tolerance toward all men. It 
proposes unlimited freedom, 
equality of opportunity and com- 
plete justice for all men. Such 
sweeping personal and social 
welfare possibilities demand a 
large faith in a great God. 

2. Democracy depends on a co- 
operative attitude toward others. 
One world problem is that of hu- 
man relationships. Men can 
neither avoid nor ignore each 
other. Either co-operation or 
conflict is inevitable. Men must 
be friends or enemies. Every 
man must follow one of these life 

Friendship grows out of un- 
derstanding, sympathy and co- 
operation. When any man any- 
where in the world offers friend- 
ly help to any other person a ma- 
jor miracle takes place. Preju- 
dice, fear and frictions are ruled 
out; confidence and co-operation 
become possible; equality of op- 
portunity is freely granted. But 
when men show unfriendly atti- 
tudes and fail to offer friendly 
help, confidence and co-operation 
become impossible. They be- 
come enemies and use their ener- 
gies to defeat each other. De- 
mocracy depends on a co-oper- 
ative approach to life. 

The Christ considered every 
man a partner with God, with 
himself and with humanity for 
abundant living. He insisted 
that every man take as much in- 
terest in the welfare of other 
men as in his own success. Each 
man was to grant all the oppor- 
tunities to others that he justly 
desired for himself. The Christ 
concept of life is the co-operative 

Without question recent war 
tragedies and existing world fric- 
tions have grown out of attitudes 
of superiority and monopoly im- 

FEBURARY 1, 1947 11 

Our country has agreed to extend 
the democratic way of settling im- 
portant questions to internationol is- 
sues. The test oi our sincerity and 
our faith in the international use of 
the democratic method that we de- 
pend on at home will come — ^the real 
test will come when we have to ac- 
cept a decision against us. even 
when we feel sure that we are right. 
— From The Diplomatic Game, by 
Lyman Bryson. 

positions. Men have miserably 
failed to deal with each other as 
friends and partners in a com- 
mon enterprise. America is no 
exception. Here in our favored 
country millions of Negroes, 
Japanese, Jews, Chinese, Mex- 
icans and others are treated as 
underlings, inferiors and impos- 
ters. Such attitudes make prac- 
tical democracy impossible. 
* 3. Democracy demands unfail- 
ing loyalty to personal responsi- 
bility for the welfare of others. 
The Christ greatly astonished 
the people with his colossal con- 
cept of a wonderful God. He 
amazed them with his startling 
estimate of the value and impor- 
tance of individual welfare. But 
when the Christ faced the people 
with his emphasis on their per- 
sonal responsibility for the wel- 
fare of others they were com- 
pletely upset. The Christ dar- 
ingly brushed aside all of the 
generally approved economic, 
social, racial, political and re- 
ligious customs, standards and 
regulations and insisted that ev- 
ery individual is inescapably re- 
sponsible for the welfare of oth- 
ers. He made it disturbingly 
clear that it is criminal to dis- 
criminate, defraud or in any way 
restrict the welfare opportuni- 
ties and freedoms of a fellow 
man. Then he declared that a 
personal failure on the part of 
one who professes faith in God 
to help, as far as possible, any 
who need help is man's most 
serious sin against God, against 
humanity and against himself. 
The Christ then climaxed this 
emphasis on the personal re- 

sponsibility of every individual 
by announcing that such per- 
sonal helpfulness is man's only 
route to eternal life. Democracy 
will fail without such help, 

God through Christ has made 
understanding, sympathy, toler- 
ance, confidence, co-operation 
and all the other essentials to 
peace and security completely 
possible but that is as far as God 
can go in the direction of world 
welfare. The followers of Christ 
must complete the reach. It is 
sheer folly to expect any help 
from monopoly money manag- 
ers, power politicians, mili- 
tary dictators, profit-minded in- 
dustrialists, monopoly labor 
groups, promoters of race preju- 
dice, or church folk who are too 
busy to help poor people, colored 

people, exploited people, segre- 
gated people or any other under- 
lings to experience the blessings- 
of freedom and abundant living.. 
If humanity is to bridge that baf-^ 
fling gap between the point, 
where God can go no further in. 
the direction of human welfare 
and the actual and glorious- 
achievement of abundant living 
it must be bridged by the co- 
operative efforts of individual- 
Christians who have enough of 
love, enough of courage and„ 
enough of time to help others to 
become helpers with Christ in > 
establishing the kingdom of God 
on earth. Democracy is obvious- 
ly impossible without such help- 
ers whose whole life swings 
around one burning question: 
"May I help you?" 



A Symbol of Xmericcai Democracy 


Advertising the Lord Jesus 

Mcoion Thomas 

Jenera, Ohio 

THERE is no greater privi- 
lege than to serve the Son 
of God, the Lord Jesus 
Christ. Since it is an estab- 
lished fact that advertising pays, 
it should be the chief aim of 
every Christian to make known 
the salvation of our Lord. 

There are several ways by 
which successful businessmen 
advertise: (1) They are enthu- 
siastic about their product; (2) 
they present the article in a way 
that attracts people; (3) they be- 
lieve in the value of the product 
themselves; (4) they keep the 
article to be sold before the pub- 
lic; (5) they know all about the 
article they are selling. 

A successful businessman be- 
comes successful by satisfying 
his customers. Since these things 
are true in business they are just 
as true in spiritual life. Christ 
is the Creator of all natural and 
spiritual laws. 
I Just as it is true that salespeo- 
! pie must believe in their prod- 
' uct in order to sell it to others, 
so also it is true that only those 
who themselves are genuine 
Christians can reveal the way 
and joys of salvation to others. 
Sinners do not win souls because 
they are lost themselves. Only 
saved Christians can win souls 
— and soul winning is the chief 
work of every Christian and 
church. True Christians win 
souls, and feed them physical and 
spiritual food. The best way to 
begin a new mission field is to 
take care of physical needs first 
as Christ did and then after win- 
ning the confidence of the people, 
preach the gospel and win them 
to Christ. Everything that I do 
as a Christian must be for the 
purpose of winning someone to 
Christ or I am a failure for my 
Savior. Businessmen always 
keep their signboards attractive. 
Christians are the signboards for 
Christ. Only holy living and 
separation from all worldly 

things can make a Christian at- 

When one is saved, he must 
surrender all to the Savior. Sal- 
vation is free. To pretend to be 
a Christian and then deny the 
Holy Bible as the truth about 
salvation is like drinking poison 
because you think the label is 
false. Both will be fatal. Christ 
is the Way because he is the Son 
of the living God. Denying his 
virgin birth, blood atonement, 
resurrection and second coming 
brings death to a soul. Unbelief 

and doubt are just two kinds of 
poison with one result, eternal 

True Christians never tire of 
witnessing for Christ. Their joy 
is in the Lord. The burning 
need of the hour is a passion for 
souls by the Christians of Ameri- 
ca. We must have a revival or 
our nation will perish. When- 
ever a person who says that he 
is a Christian opposes true evan- 
gelism, we can know of a surety 
that he has religion, but not 
Christ. To know Christ in his 
full and free salvation is to love 
others. When Christ's love gets 
into our hearts we will have the 
same passion for lost souls that 
he had. We will seek to show 
others that he is the divine 
Savior, the divine healer of body 
and soul. The divine comfort of 
the Holy Spirit is ours. 

True Christians are willing to 
spend time for their Lord in 
telling of his love for the lost 
and his hatred of sin. They are 
willing to take time to gather 
relief goods for hungry and cold 
people across the sea and to love 
and help their needy neighbors 
at home. They will take time 
to pray for them. True Chris- 
tians will support their church 
in its preaching of the true gos- 
pel and will refuse false doc- 
trines of unbelievers. They will 
want their sons and daughters 
to be preachers and missionaries 
and will sacrifice to this end. 
They will seek to establish 
churches in neglected areas and 
to extend the work of the 
church. True Christians have 
no spare time. They will be 
busy in many areas. 

The final result of a true and 
successful Christian is the same 
as for successful businessmen. 
They will win souls and have 
work to do all of the time, or in 
the end go out of business. Ac- 
tive Christians never go out of 

We are saved by faith; we are 
likewise lost by lack of it. There 
are two ways to neglect sal- 
vation and lose our souls. One 
is never to pay attention to the 
Lord and the other is to find and 
then lose our first love. If we 
neglect his work and service and 
continue to refuse his call, the 
Holy Spirit will finally leave us. 
We must get back to a new evan- 
gelistic emphasis. Dead ortho- 
doxy is just as fatal as modern- 
ism. A cold church that be- 
lieves the Word but does nothing^ 
is dead. Open the doors, turn 
on the lights, put true evange- 
listic fervor in its every phase of 
work and lost souls will be 
saved. We must evangelize or 
fossilize. Many are hungry for 
the truth. We must tell them 
that the way of life is Jesus 
Christ. Salvation is free. 
Freely we have received; freely 
we must give. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1947 


Jto4fte> CunA ^Cutfultf 

■■^^■— ■ j.> ^ , ^T " 

\S)\iai a TUotket ^( 


Mrs. J. W. Lear 

La Verne, California 

IF YOU have ever hiked in the 
mountains until you were 
weary and thirsty, you may 
know the satisfaction when sud- 
denly you come to a spring of 
cool, refreshing water gushing 
from a rocky crevice in the 
mountainside. Much greater joy 
and satisfaction have been mine 
through the life and teachings of 
my mother, though I enjoyed her 
fellowship but a few short years. 



My father passed out of this 
life when I was sixteen months 
old, leaving my mother with five 
children, one boy and four girls, 
two older and two younger than 
my brother, who was six when 
father died. Father had bought a 
little farm in an adjoining coun- 
ty, and when my brother was 
twelve years old we moved onto 
it. The farming equipment was 
very meager indeed and my 
brother was small for his age. I 
remember he had to stand on a 

box to harness the horses. But 
we were all taught to do all 
kinds of work, in the fields, in 
the orchard, the truck patch and 
garden, and at the barn. The 
girls were taught to piece quilt 
blocks, make their clothing, dye 
and prepare carpet rags, and 
raise beautiful flowers and 

I am sure mother never read a 
boo]^ on pedagogy or psychology; 
yet she used many of the basic 
principles found in those fields. 
When we did a piece of work 
well she expressed her apprecia- 
tion and give us a word of praise. 
This inspired us to try always to 
do our best. She was, herself, 
very industrious, and taught by 
example as well as precept. She 
had many adages which she re- 
peated to us frequently, drilling 
them into our very lives and 
characters. Here are some of 
them: "A stitch in time saves 
nine." "A place for everything 
and everything in its place." 
"Any job worth doing is worth 
doing well." "Be faithful in the 
little things and the big things 
will take care of themselves." 
"Many mickles make a muckle." 
Beyond these she taught us the 
Golden Rule and suggested time 
and again that the way to over- 
come evil was with good. That 
meant for us to love our enemies. 

How we loved our mother! 
She was all we had, it seemed. I 
remember that when she had her 
fortieth birthday I gave her a 
kiss for each year and "one to 
go on." She always returned 
thanks at the table and on Sun- 
day evenings she would have 
family worship: read the Bible, 
sing songs and pray. Many 
mornings I was awakened by 
mother's clear, sweet voice sing- 
ing, Lord, in the Morniiig Thou 
Shalt Hear My Voice Ascending 
High, or When I Can Read My 
Title Clear or O Happy Day and 
many others which we learned 
to love by hearing her sing them. 

We never ceased to wonder at 
all the things mother got done. 
She visited the sick and sat up 
with them at night. She called 
on new neighbors and took a 
deep interest in their welfare. 
She would help my brother on 
the farm, carrying a heavy part 
of the work. One day as she was 
helping drag hedge brush in 
piles to burn, a strong wind arose 
and carried the flames into the 
line hedge between vis and a 
neighbor. They fought the fire 
so strenuously and long that she 
took a congestive chill and it 
seemed after a long siege of ill- 
ness she could not regain health. 
We moved back to our old com- 
munity, but after some years of 
suffering she left us when I was 
thirteen years of age. Our home 
was broken up and the younger 
children lived with other peo- 
ple until they were married. 

After I was married and my 
husband was in the ministry, we 
were invited to hold a meeting in 
our old home community. 
Among those we called on was 
an old lady who had been a 
neighbor of my parents before I 
was born. She was a member of 
the church at that time, but after 
moving to town she became in- 
different and left the church. 
She said she thought she knew 
my mother better than I did. She 
told what a wonderful house- 
keeper she was, and how she 
would come to visit her. She 
said the last time my mother 
visited her she talked to her 
about renewing her vows and be- 
coming a Christian and she said, 
"I promised her I would, but 
just think how long that has 
been, and I have not kept my 
promise." We had special prayer 
for her and she did renew her 
vows before our meeting closed. 
It seemed we were permitted to 
help gather the harvest of my 
mother's seed sowing! 

Many long years have passed 
since my mother's home-going 
but she had so thoroughly im- 
bibed the fruits of the Spirit in 

The early church fathers could scarcely 
understand that Jesus would be concerned 
about ordinary bread for his friends. So 
one of them said that "our daily bread" 
means "super-substantial bread"! But his 
tender compassion reached out to all hu- 
man need. "A cup of cold water," "I was 
hungry and ye fed me," "He was known to 
them in the breaking of the bread," > and 
many other passages speak to us of his 
concern that men should have bread. 
Bread is a real gift of God. In the earn- 
ing, eating and sharing of it, we reflect 
his grace. Let our devotion this week 
center on thanksgiving for bread, and 
guidance in sharing it. 

Monday, February 3 

Jesus Feeds the Multitude. John 6: 


I do not know how Jesus did this 
beautiful thing. I only know that 
the great crowd was fed because of 
his deep concern and sharing love. 
Sit by his side today and see the 
great multitude coming for bread. 
He would feed them again. Are you 
honestly and self-denyingly trying 
to help feed them? 

Tuesday, February 4 

Jesus Withdraws From the Crowds. 

John 6:15-24. 

But man shall not live by bread 
alone. Satisfied by their meal of 
bread and fish, they would on the 
strength of that miracle have made 
Christ king. But he saw that they 
were not aware as yet of their great- 
er and deeper need. How could he 
win them to the kingdom of love? 
Are you content with material bless- 
ings alone? 

Wednesday, February 5 

The Bread of God. John 6: 25-40. 
Using the simplest figures of 
speech, Jesus taught the profoundest 
truths. He is the "bread of God, the 
bread of life"! As we appropriate 
him, we are taking into our souls 
the very resources of God to make 
us grow and help us live the higher 

her life that according to Paul in 
1 Cor. 15: 58 she was "always 
abounding in the work of the 
Lord" and her life still bears 
fruit in the lives of her children 
and grandchildren. 

d Today 

Edward Erusen Ziegler 

life. There is no other food which 
can satisfy the soul permanently. 
"Take, eat, this is my body!" 

Thiusday, February 6 

Jewish Criticism and Jesus' Reply. 

John 6:41-51. 

In Reginald Heber's great com- 
munion hymn, he has these lovely 
lines, which may well be our medi- 
tation on this passage today: 
Bread of the world in mercy broken. 
Wine of the soul in mercy shed, 
By whom the words of life were spoken. 
And in whose death our sins are dead; 
Look on the heart by sorrow broken, 
Look on the tears by sinners shed; 
And be thy feast to us the token 
That by thy grace our souls ^re fed." 

Friday, February 7 
Need for the Bread of Life. John 


A current advertisement shows a 
full-color photograph of a small 
piece of bread, and tells why the 
first request in a famine-stricken 
land is for bread. It is still the 
great staff of life. So the spiritual 
bread, Christ, is still our one great- 
est need. It must accompany all 
our gifts of flour and meal. Eat and), 

Saturday, February 8 

The Crisis in Galilee. John 6: 60-71. 
The crisis caused by Jesus' words- 
brought out one of Peter's splendid 
sayings, "Lord, to whom shall we 
go? Thou hast the words of eternal 
life!" We live in a time of great 
crisis; again, where else shall we^ 
turn? Christ has bread for the 
world's hunger, peace for its tur- 
moil, joy for its gloom. 

Sunday, February 9 
Seek Spiritual Nourishment. Isa. 

55: 1-7. 

Ho, America! Come and find the- 
real bread! Are we not spending 
our money for bread that is not 
bread, for baubles and trash, when 
we might be laying up the great 
treasures in heaven by sharing, self- 
denial, penitence and simple living? 
Has this text ever been more rele- 
vant than right now? Share its 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 


• • • fCUtf(lk4H QleaniM^ • • • 

Brotherhood Theme for 1946-47 

Christ, the Hope of the World 
Calendar for Sunday, February 2 

Lesson material is based on International Sunday School Les- 
sons, The International Bible Lessons for Christian Teaching, 
copyrighted by the International Council of Religious Education, 
and is used by its permission. 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus the Giver of Life — John 
4: 43 — 5: 47; H: i — 12: 11. Memory Selection: Jesus said 
unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that 
believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he 
live. John 11:25. 

B.Y.P.D. Topic for February, Christianity and Race. 

Gains for the Kingdom 
Seven baptized in the Ladoga church, Ind. 
Seven baptized and three rededicated in the West 

Marion church, Ind. 

Seven baptized and eight received by letter in the 

Hollidaysburg church. Pa. 

With Oxir Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. M. S. Frantz of Los Angeles, Calif., in the Reedley 
church, Calif., Feb. 2-16. 

Bro. Hiram Gingrich of near Lebanon, Pa., in the 
Lansdale^hurch, Pa., Feb. 16 — March 2. 

Personal Mention 

Bro. Carl H. Welch, pastor of the Thomapple church 
at Lake Odessa, Mich., was a recent visitor through the 
Publishing House. 

Bro, Ira B. Miller of South Bend, Ind., writes to urge 
the church to be evangelistic in these important days. 
We should not hesitate to speak to our neighbors about 
Christ, he says, and we should busy ourselves in serving 
the Lord through serving our fellow men both here and 
beyond the seas. In addition to this we should always 
pray. These are good suggestions from Bro. Miller. 

Bro. Lester E. Fike of Springfield, Ohio, writes: "I 
am so well pleased with the new arrangement of the 
Bible Study Monthly that I want my superintendent 
and adult teachers to have it; I am having free sub- 
scriptions sent to them. Our Sunday school here has 
not been using this very valuable Simday-school help. 
I hope these subscriptions will help them adopt the 
Bible Study Monthly. 

Bro. Edward S. Foltz of Hagerstown, Md., has for 
a number of years compiled a summary of baptisms, 
deaths, etc., as gleaned from the Messenger pages. He 
reports for 1946 2,289 baptisms and 1,137 deaths. Of 
those who died 536 were men and 601 women; 38 were 
elders and 55 deacons. Every age from birth to one 
hundred years was included except 11, 14, 15, 25 and 99. 
More people died at the age of seventy-five years than 
at any other. 

Miscellaneous Items 
Extra copies of the autumn nonresident bulletin, The 
Brethren Crusade for Peace, are available and may be 
secured by writing the Fellowship of Nonresident Mem- 
bers, Church of the Brethren, 22 S. State St., Elgin, Illi- 
nois. Each minister in charge of a congregation has 
been sent a sample copy. These remaining copies may 
be used for distribution to resident members as long 
as the supply lasts. 

Shoes valued at $1.00 here are worth as much as 
$40.00 a pair in certain areas to which they are shipped 
by relief agencies. 

Parcel post relief packages may noW be sent to all 
four zones in Germany, we are informed. The weight 
for one package is limited to eleven pounds. 

The Salvation Army will conduct a world-wide cru- 
sade to revive the spiritual life of all peoples during 
1947. Their slogan will be Fighting Faith Crusade. 

America's ambassadors to Russia, Panama, South Af- 
rica and Holland have now been chosen from among 
the generals of the late war. This trend is increasing. 
The military is rapidly assuming the political power in 
our American government. 

A group at Elgin invites in a number of people one 
evening each week to write letters and post cards to 
their senators and representatives, particularly to those 
on the committees on the armed services, and to the 
President's commission on universal training. Re-i 
sponses to these letters are being received. 

Dr. Charles K. Turck. president of the American As- 
sociation of Colleges, said at the official meeting of the 
association in Boston, "The greatest service that our 
colleges can render to religion today is to interpret 
religious faith and religious observances in terms that 
our young people can understand and accept." 

Norway has invited six hundred Jewish refugees to 
move into her country for permanent settlement as 
Norwegian citizens. If one looks at the vast open 
spaces of our West it becomes evident ,that America 
could easily invite ten times that many or one hundred 
times as many and enrich herself by doing so. 

The Home Missions Conference which met recently 
at Buckhill Falls, Pa., said, "The church must realisti- 
cally attempt to seek a solution to the economic and 
physical problems of mankind in addition to carrying 
on its traditional ministry to men's spiritual needs if 
Christianity is to continue as a force in the present-day 

Afghanistan is endeavoring to secure thirty-one men 
teachers from the United States who will teach in two 
of her major cities. English is being introduced into 
all the schools of Afghanistan. The sharing of the cul- 
ture of one country with another through the education- 
al system is a way to understanding, and understanding 
is the way to peace. 

The states where the consumption of spirits is highest 
are: Illinois, 1.66 gallons per capita; New Jersey, 1.73; 
Maryland, 1.75; Florida, 1.79; Delaware, 1.81; Connecti- 
cut, 2.05; California, 2.13. In the District of Columbia 
the per capita consumption of spirits is higher than in 
any of the states: 4.09 gallons. For the entire country, 
the average consumption of all alcoholic liquors is 20.48 
gallons. For the District of Columbia, it is 24.54 gal- 
lons. — The Civic Bulletin. 



• • • 


When your congressman replies to your letter on 
conscription, write to him again, pursuing the subject. 
Perhaps you will want to commend him or ask a few 
questions to clarify his position. If your congressman's 
response was not favorable, you will need to present 
new points to him. Following up the first letter will 
add greatly to the weight of your argument. Refer to 
your last letter or the congressman's reply when you 
write the second time. 

Seven hundred thirteen heifers have now passed 
through the Panama Canal and are on their way across 
the Pacific to China. This is the first shipment to go to 
the Orient. 
I Girls are wanted for general office work at the Breth- 

f] ren Publishing House. Knowledge of typing is desir- 
' able. Write E. M. Hersch, Manager, Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Plans are being made to ship 350 cattle to Ethiopia in 
the near future. It is hoped that some of the seagoing 
cowboys for this shipment may be recruited from among 
both black and white volunteers. 

The Home Missions Council said at its annual meet- 
ing held recently that home and foreign mission efforts 
are no longer divided church enterprises but inseparable 
parts of missionary work in one world. 

The government of Colombia, South America, is send- 
ing ten young men to America to study the co-operative 
movement. It is their hope that co-operatives may be- 
come government sponsored in Colombia. 

In July 1946 the distillers in the United States used 
153,232,601 pounds of potatoes and 124,000,000 pounds of 
grain for making alcohol in the United States. This 
one month's total could have saved the lives of many 
starving children in Europe and in the Far East. 

New Windsor received 2,750,000 pounds of clothing 
last year. This was shipped to needy peoples in other 
parts of the world. This year the Church World Service 
is asking for twenty million pounds of clothing. 

More than 3.500 cattle have now been shipped over- 
seas through the agencies of the Brethren Service Com- 
mittee. More than one hundred calves were bom on 
shipboard while the cattle were being transported. 

Class and race distinctions and secularism were said 
by the Home Missions Council to be the principal threats 
which stand in the way of the Christian church as it en- 
deavors to maintain its championship of human rights. 

The Netherlands government is having trouble with 
conscientious objectors. Her soldiers are objecting to 
being sent into the South Seas to maintain Holland's 
overseas empire. Numerous soldiers have become paci- 
fists after they have seen empire in operation in the 
South Seas. More than 500, it is officially admitted, have 
made claims for exemption. 

The national conference of Methodist youth meet- 
ing recently in Iowa said that President Truman's ap- 
pointment of a peacetime conscription committee was 
"the last step in a persistent effort by certain groups to 
secure approval for the presence of conscription in 
peacetime." The youth said that the committee is not 
fairly representative of American opinion. 

Dr. Ralph E. Diffendorfer, Methodist Foreign Mission 
executive, said recently, "Treat the Mexican fairly and 
Christianity will be proclaimed in Latin America. Clear 
the American Indian record and East Indians will take 
notice of democracy and Christianity. Acknowledge 
the Negro's right to respect and decent citizenship and 
not only Africa, but all the nonwhite world, will rise 
up and call the church blessed." 

The growing influence which religion seeks to bring 
to bear upon Congress is illustrated by the great number 
of bills which have been introduced into the 80th Con- 
gress through the influence of religious people and re- 
ligious organizations. Such bills concern a relaxation 
of the immigration laws to allow the entrance of more 
refugees into the United States; the providing for repre- 
sentatives of religious organizations to peace confer- 
ences and as advisers to UN delegations; the setting up 
of means whereby military conscription can be out- 
lawed in all the nations of the world, including the 
United States. 

It is reported that 92,000 serious law violations were 
committed by teen-age youth last year. Alcohol fig- 
ured in a very large percentage of these violations. 

Alcohol was a factor in ninety per cent of the auto- 
mobile accidents last year and in ninety per cent of the 
divorce cases, it is reported by the Northern California 

The national Beer Wholesalers Association says that 
the four years of World War II, 1942-45, were a "sales 
honeymoon" for the brewing industry. The use of their 
products mounted beyond their fairest expectations. 

Religious instruction in the public schools either on 
released time or directly in the classroom now reaches 
more than 1,500,000 public school students, it is an- 
nounced by the International Council of Religious Edu- 
cation. They say that this has now gone beyond the ex- 
perimental stage and has become a definite educational 
pattern throughout the United States. 

A recent Gallup poll indicates that one third of the 
American people already live within dry areas of the 
United States. However, a far larger geographical sec- 
tion than one third of the United States has already 
voted dry by local option. These are largely rural 
areas. When cities vote dry the total percentage of 
the population living in dry areas will mount rapidly. 

Representative J. T. Patterson of Connecticut has in- 
troduced a resolution into the House that representa- 
tives of religious organizations serve as advisers to the 
American delegation to the United Nations. The reso- 
lution also asks the President and the Secretary of State 
to send religious representatives to all peace confer- 
ences. Representative Patterson needs our encourage- 
ment in furthering this bill. 

The Society of Friends in a recent meeting at Phila- 
delphia sent a request to the 80th Congress that it press 
vigorously, through the United Nations, for general 
world disarmament. They asked that Congress request 
a national abolition of conscription and a thorough- 
going system of armaments inspection everywhere. The 
Friends suggested to the Congress that instead of arm- 
ing other countries it would be better if the United 
States concentrated on extending democracy, education, 
relief, health, social welfare, and cultural exchange 
among all nations. The Quakers also asked for changes 
in the immigration law which would permit 425,000 
refugees to enter the United States during the next 
three years. 

Mission trip to Africa: A commission of three con- 
sisting of Wm. M. Beahm, Julian Gromer and I will leave 
from New York on March 4 for Lagos, British West 
Africa. Our trip will take us by way of Paris, Mar- 
seilles, Algiers, and Lagos. It is hoped that we will 
arrive in Lagos on March 7. We will proceed immedi- 
ately to Jos where, after 'visiting the Hillcrest School, 
we will move on to the mission stations interior. It 
is our purpose to visit all the main stations as well 
as many of the smaller villages where mission work has 
been begun. Not only will we hold conferences with 
the missionaries, but we will seek the counsel and ad- 
vice of as many national leaders as possible. We have 
return reservations, leaving Lagos on May 11 for Paris. 
From Paris we will proceed to Stockholm, where we 
will spend two weeks visiting our churches in Den- 
mark and Sweden. After a very brief visit in London 
we have reservations to return to the States on June 4. 
Our plans are to be back in the U.S.A. in time to bring 
a report to Annual Conference. It can be seen by the 
above schedule that we are flying on the entire trip. — 
Leland S. Brubaker. 

• • • 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 


Qu/i, MiUio*t WiVik 

My Treasure Chests 

Alice E. Ebey 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

I HAVE two chests well filled 
with treasures whose value 
cannot be measured. The 
first chest is large and filled with 
jewels which have accumulated 
through the years. They have 
been gathered from many places 
and out of varied experiences. 
They never fade or rust or de- 
cay. No thief can break the 
lock and steal them away. This 
is my treasure chest of precious 

When T was packing trunks 
and saying good-bys just before 
setting out for India the first 
time, someone asked my mother 
how she felt about her daughter 
going so far from home. Her 
quiet reply has kept its luster 
through the years and still 
shines like a star in the dark- 
ness. "When God calls, the 
mother knows he will take care 
of her child." 

Then here is the precious 
treasure of fellowship. You see 
it is a composite stone made up 
of various jewels all welded to- 
gether to make it beautiful. 
Here is the fellowship with God 
the Father and with his Son 
Jesus Christ. Here is the fel- 
lowship in the mission family 
and in the Indian church with 
the Indian brethren and sisters 
and with saints everywhere. 

Here are some precious stones 
that show how God has been 
building his church in India out 
of those who have faith in his 
Son Jesus. Look at this baptis- 
mal scene. More than fifty souls 
in a single day take their vows 
to renounce sin and live faith- 
ful unto death and are baptized 
in the clear running water of the 
river. Among them are old men 

and some middle-aged and 

Then here is a mud-floored, 
straw-covered church with wor- 
shipers sitting close together on 
the floor. They raise their Voices 
in songs of praise; then bowing 
their faces to the floor they pray 
to the living Father in spirit and 
in truth. 

This is a harvest festival when 
those who love the Lord bring 
gifts to the front of the church 
to be consecrated for use in for- 
warding the work of the church. 
Gifts large and small are re- 
ceived and the givers depart 
with a warm glad feeling, know- 
ing that it is even more blessed 
to give than to receive. 

But there are so many lovely 
memories: a Christian family at 
prayer, a little church which 
was once an idol temple, a hos- 
pital where tender hands minis- 
ter to many who suffer, and a 

school where children are taught 
the meaning of the more abun- 
dant life which Christ came to 
give to all. 

But here is the other treasure 
chest. In it are hopes for the 
future. A fine young man in a 
mission school learned about Je- 
sus and accepted him as his Sa- 
vior and Lord. His supreme love 
for Christ enabled him to seek 
first his kingdom and its right- 
eousness even though it meant 
not only renouncing sin but giv- 
ing up many former relatives 
and friends. What possibilities 
are bound up in a young Chris- 
tian like that. There are many 
hopes like that in my chest. 

Here is a very little girl. With 
large, beautiful eyes she looks 
into mine and says, "I learned a 
Bible verse. God is love." She 
has learned some hymns and 
folds her hands as she kneels in 
prayer. My hopes for this little 
child and for many others must 
be fulfilled through the grace 
and power of Christ. 

One evening I sat with a class 
of nurses who were learning 
how to care for the sick and how 



The first Val! home and church 

to preserve health. Much has 
been done by consecrated doc- 
tors and nurses, but there is in- 
finitely more to do and in the 
name of earth's greatest Healer 
many will go forth to bring to 
India's suffering multitudes the 
gospel of healing. 

And so with the church. Many 
things of the past are good to 
remember, but the hope for the 
future growth and development 
is far more precious. 

The Indian church through its 
councils has just begun to 
shoulder the responsibility of 
carrying on the work which was 
begun by the mission. Our 
golden jubilee reviewed great 
and glorious things which were 
accomplished in the past. But 
hope sees greater things than 
these yet to be done in the 
name of and through the power 
of Jesus. 

Boroda School of Theology 
Govindji E. Satvedi 

Baroda, India 

FOUR years have already passed 
since the Gujarat! School of 
Theology was established and 
during this period four groups of 
students have been taken in. First 
of all came twelve men and eight 
women. Two of the women took 
the full course along with the men 
and got through the course nicely. 
One of these two ladies stood first 
in her classes nearly all of the time 
for four years. She is the wife of 
our student, Gershom Jivanji, of 

The second class was entered in 
the second year of the school. 
These students had already finished 
a three-year course in the Irish 
Presbyterian Divinity College at 
Ahmedabad. There were fifteen 
men and ten women in this class 
and they finished their fourth year 
of work and were given diplomas. 
Now they are out in the field giving 
witness to the grace of our Savior 
and building the church in India. 

In the third year we took a new 
group of seven men and five women. 

At the end of the fourth year, 
the first group duly finished the 
prescribed course. These were the 
first fruit of this school, having 
completed their entire course in the 
seminary. They received their di- 
plomas joyfully, and with a sense 


flOO.OOO — 

9 75,0«0 — 

$ 50,000 

$ 25,000 

"I Shall Be Very Happy to Help" 

Heartening letters come from our people responding to the 
call for funds to supplement pensions of our retired ministers and 

"Of course I shall be very happy to help with the pension fund. 
. . . Surely our retired ministers are 'worthy of their hire' — or 
help, let us say. ... I will help, and thank you for asking me," 
writes one appreciative member. 

Another letter reflects the kind of concern that has led to the 
Annual Conference authorization of this campaign: "I am very- 
much in favor of the pension supplemental benefit fund. I have 
felt for years that such help should be given our workers." 

A total of $65,649.58 had been achieved by January 13. It is 
near the time for the completion of the $125,000 fund. Remit- 
tances should reach Elgin If possible before March 1. 

Jan. 13 total 

of responsibility they have gone 
out in the field to serve their Savior 
and their fellow men. Those who 
have gone out are working as 
teachers and evangelists in the vil- 
lages and in the town and cities. 

The staff during the four years 
is as follows: Dr. J. M. Lyle of the 
Irish Presbyterian Mission (now 
called the United Church of North- 
ern India) was active principal for 
the first three years until he had 
to go on furlough because of ill- 
health. Rev. James Ukabhai for the 
first two years and then Rev. Henry 
William, both of the same church, 
served as teachers. Besides these. 
Rev. Mithalal Hirabhai of the 
Methodist Church served for three 
years. I have served for the full 
term of four years. During the 
fourth year, in the absence of Dr. 
Lyle, we had an overseer principal 
of that same mission, but we three 
teachers had to manage that year's 
work for the most part. 

Activities varied during this peri- 
od. Besides the prescribed class 
work we took the students out in 
the villages and in the city for prac- 
tical work for one month each year; 
there they sold gospels, preached 
and did individual work in the day- 
time. Each evening we went out 
for night preaching with lantern 
pictures. Once a year we took the 
students to some place of pilgrim- 
age where thousands of non-Chris- 
tians gathered together for idol 
worship. That was always a fine 
opportunity to learn more fully 
about their religion and to preach 
the gospel day and night and to sell 
Christian literature. 

Outside the class we helped the 
students to do some common labor 
and taught ° some simple home in- 

dustry such as carpentry or masonry 
to meet some of their needs. I used 
I. W. Moomaw's book as a guide. 
Mrs. Lyle taught the women some 
knitting, too. 

Our aim: The institution pur- 
poses to prepare pastors and evan- 
gelists for rural and urban church- 
es. To some extent we achieve 
the goal, but we are not yet able 
to get the quality of student we 
would like to have. This is one 
difficulty. Living expenses and 
other considerations have prevented 
educated persons from taking up 
thi^ specialized service. It is hard 
for a man with a family to go to 
school and at the same time support 
his family. Love of this world, un- 
willingness to be surrendered and 
kept fit for the life of a minister, 
indifference toward God and reli- 
gion, hardships of the minister's 
life and other such things are causes 
for so few entering the ministry. 
But these reasons are common in 
all times and places so we are not 
discouraged. The thing before all 
of us is that this age undoubtedly 
needs a better qualified ministry 
that the church may be served. 

Interchurch co-operation: From 
the beginning the Irish Presbyter- 
ian, the Methodist and Church of 
the Brethren missions and their 
churches have joined in the United 
School of Theology. This year the 
Church Missionary Society has also 
decided to join and co-operate. So 
far, the experiment has succeeded 
nicely. The future of the school 
remains to be decided. May the 
Lord, the owner of all the gospel 
fields, direct us all to the highest 
of his glory. 

FEBRUAftY 1, 1947 


B^ieiliAe4€ Se^wice 

Religious News Service Photo 

Volunteers in the workshop of the Hilfswerk, the distributing agency for church relief 
in Germany, open bales of clothing sent by churches in the United States. The bales 
in the background bear the Brethren service labeL 

The Other Side of Church Relief 

Herbert C. Lytle, Jr. 

Assistant Director of Service Division 
Church World Service, Inc. 

THE answer to the question 
asked in America, "Do our 
church-sent supplies reach the 
needy?" is found quickly, once you 
start traveling across Europe. I was 
looking for that answer on my re- 
cent trip to the continent. The evi- 
dence I saw was heart-warming, and 
more than satisfying. 

Knowing that I could not make 
inquiry in every country to which 
the American churches are sending 
help, I concentrated my attention on 
Germany, where the native Evange- 
lical Hilf swerke is handling the work 
of distributing relief sent by Church 
World Service. The work starts in 
Bremen, where the supplies collect- 
ed in the co-operative Protestant 
overseas program arrive by ship. 



There on the docks and in a ware- 
house were the bales, the boxes, 
the packages from America. Each 
one bore the label of a Church 
World Service center — Boston, St. 
Louis, New Windsor or some others. 
The material was in excellent con- 

Hilfswerke people took charge of 
the material at the port. They told 
me it was divided according to a 
carefully studied plan, then sent 
into the various districts of the oc- 
cupied zones. I picked Frankfurt 
as a typical district and went there 
to observe the next step in the dis- 
tribution. In that city Hilfswerke 
had taken over a large air-raid 
bunker for storage. The goods are 
sorted, according to size and type. 
Summer clothing, for example, is 
held back imtil warm weather 

comes. Bedding and shoes and 
other warm garments were being^ 
pushed on through the channels in 
the arduous fight against winter. 

The supplies are directed from the 
main warehouse to sectional centers, 
then to the church parishes them- 
selves. I chose a church in Frank- 
furt, which had been repaired for 
use by the congregation itself, to 
watch the final phase of this inter-^ 
national Christian operation. There 
I found the personal side of the 
whole program, the human side. 

In one part of the church the 
clothing and bedding were stored 
neatly. In another room two social 
workers received applications for 
help. Ninety people a day were in- 
terviewed and given aid — but not 
immediately. One of the workers 
first investigated each request to 
confirm the need. Creed was no 
factor. Anyone could come. But 
the need had to be established. Aft- 
er that, the person or family was 
given whatever supplies the parish 
could spare from the stockpile — 
enough, at least to clothe a ragged 
child, provide shoes for a barefoot 
mother, or cover a bare bed with a 
warm blanket. 

I did not have time to talk to 
many of the applicants. Language 
was also a barrier. But I did con- - 
verse with one Alsatian woman, 
who spoke French. She was ex- 
pecting a child and had nothing in 
which to clothe it. The Hilfswerke 
committee provided her with a lay- 
ette. Another woman who lost her 
husband in the war had two chil- 
dren, badly in want of garments. 
After the facts had been checked, 
the youngsters got some clothes. 

As I saw these people receiving 
their gifts, their gratitude was in- 
escapable. The fact that these sup- 
plies came from church people gave 
the gifts a unique warmth and fel- 
lowship, for they were given in 
the Christian spirit with no strings 
attached, no political color. They 
accepted them as gifts from one 
brother to another. 

This firsthand witness of a truly 
magnificent Christian undertaking 
was both impressive and inspira- 

Dr. Eldon Burke reports that 7,000 
Christmas packages were distributed 
to port employees in Germany. The 
Brethren co-operated with other re- 
lief agencies in making this pos- 
sible. The packages contained soap 
and food. 

Prisoners of Wor Send Millionth 

Book to Dr. Albert Schweitzer 

In a German prisoner-of-war camp at Luton, England, there is a printing 
shop staffed entirely by German prisoners of war and supervised by a 
German refugee. This shop has made a great contribution not only in 
supplying reading material to the prisoners of war, but also in giving back 
to the world many good German books which had been destroyed both 
before and during the war. The prisoners recently completed the printing 
of their one-millionth book, a copy of the life of Albert Schweitzer. 

The following letter was sent by John Barwick, Brethren representative 
(directing war prisoner aid work in England, to the famous missionary and 
organist in Lambarene, French Equatorial Africa. The Church of the 
Brethren should be happy to know it has had a part in promoting this kind 
of creative work among the men behind barbed wire. 

Dear Dr. Schweitzer: 

May we present you with the millionth hook German prisoners of 
war printed for themselves in this country. It is fitting it ishould he a 
copy of the story of your life. 

Our press has done this in only fourteen months, hesides doing four 
monthly magazines for prisoners and many sm,all jobs. The work, which 
started in four ahandoned army huts, now em,ploys forty-two men full 

Your own generosity in foregoing royalties has heen typical of all our 
authors. This hook oj your life, we are told, would sell for 7/6d ($1.50 
in American money) in a hook-stall. But it cost the prisoners only one 
shilling (20c). The million hooks we have printed have averaged five 
shillings (^1.00) helow market prices. Thus we calculate the prisoners 
have heen saved the enormous sum of 250,000 pounds ($1,000,000). But 
the greatest contrihution has been spiritual, not monetary, in providing 
good reading material for lonely men. May we thank you for your share 
and wish you every hlessing in your work, widely known for its Christian 

Yours sincerely, 
John Barwick 

The Brethren lervice truck backs up to the door of the Johnson City church to pick up 
boxes of relief ^oods contributed by the Brethren churches in the Johnson City area. 
Included in the load are 150 pounds of clothing. 1,000 tins of food, and many Christmas 
packages. Brother and Sister Ernest Sherfy stand In front of the truck. This picture is 
a symbol of the fact that as long as need still exists oyerseas the Church of the Brethren 
fellowship continues to do its utmost to answer that need. With the current reports from 
Europe Indicating growing need in many areas the Brethren service trucks ought to be 
kepi more than busy in the months oheadL ■ 


and Inspiration . . . 

Two carloads of cereal are on their 
way to Russia — the first food sent 
by our church to needy people in 
that country. Each bag of cereal 
is labeled "For the children of Sta- 
lingrad, from the Brethren Service 
Committee." This is a gesture of 
genuine goodwill to people in an 
area listed as one of the most needy 
in all Europe. 

The first shipment of goats left 
Switzerland for southern Germany 
the week of Dec. 9, and were dis- 
tributed among needy families be- 
fore Christmas. The shipment was 
arranged for and purchased by the 
Southern California committee. 

You may have read the articles 
about the work on Walcheren Island 
in the Jan. 11 issue of the Gospel 
Messenger. That material was sent 
us by Virginia Bowman, who has 
been in Brussels since early Novem- 
ber and who is in Europe to get the 
story for the brotherhood of what 
is happening to the relief materials 
we are sending abroad and what our 
workers in foreign countries are do- 
ing. Watch future issues for more 
reports from her. 

Food needs for European coun- 
tries, in order of their preference, 
are as follows: meats and fats, sug- 
ar, dried milk, dried foods (par- 
ticularly beans), cereal, soy beans, 
wheat, and flour. 

Thurl Metzger reports from a visit 
to a small town in Poland, "I had on 
wool socks and heavy work shoes, 
and my feet were so cold that they 
were numb, but some of the people 
who flocked around us had no shoes 
and many others had only the up- 
pers or a part of the soles left." It 
is to people such as these that our 
donated shoes are going. 

There is still need in Holland. 
Some headlines from that country: 
Fifty thousand in Limburg Province 
suffer from scabies caused by lack 
of bed linen. . . . Alarming rises 
indicated in cases of tuberculosis 
and rheumatism. . . . Some families 
spending third successive winter in 
old nazi air-raid shelters. 

The fourth China tractor unit, com- 
posed of twelve men, spent Jan. 7-9 
in Elgin getting orientation for their 
work in China. They then went to 
Phoenix, Ariz., where training for 
tractor repair began on Jan. 11 at 
the Allis-Chalmers plant. The group 
expects to be ready for sailing on 
Feb. 12. Thirty-eight men are al- 
ready in China. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1947 


lUe. eiut^ ai W«*U 

The Community Religious Survey 

The following is an excerpt from 
a demonstration prepared by Clay- 
ton Gehman and Levi K. Ziegler 
and presented at the Western Penn- 
sylvania Sunday-school Conven- 
tion. It follows the suggestions 
made in the article appearing on 
these pages last week. 

ACT 1 
Scene 1. Monday night, 

Ziegler and Gehman, the two 
pasftors in the community, enter the 
m,inister's study and are seated. 
Pull papers out of their pockets and 
put them on the table before them. 
Ziegler: I was glad to learn that 
your church has discussed the 
making of a religious survey in 
our commtmity and the home vis- 
itation evangelism effort to follow 
and that you have decided favor- 
Gehman: I am rejoicing over that, 
too. My people also want a one- 
\ week meeting at the church fol- 
lowing the home visitation. They 
seem enthusiastic. Are your peo- 
ple enthusiastic about the plan? 
Ziegler: Yes, we discussed the mat- 
ter fully and decided to go into 
it with all our strength. It was 
pointed out that it is about five 
years since the last similar effort. 
Gehman: Our workers should be 

here any minute now. 
Ziegler: The materials we need are 
all here. I hope our workers will 
be on time. (Religious survey^ 
cards and pencils should be on the 

Workers rap on door. Gehman 
invites workers in. Shakes hands 
with them. Greetings are ex- 
changed. Workers are seated. 
Ziegler: Congratulations for being 
right on time! I suppose we 
should get to the business before 
us at once. The business to which 
I refer, as you know, is our com- 
munity survey. Our conmiunity 
is not so large, and with this large 
and enthusiastic group of work- 
ers we should finish the survey 
this week. 
Gehman: The workers go in pairs, 
do they not? Each pair consisting 
of a member of each church? 
Ziegler: Yes, you are right. The 
workers' equipmer^t will be the 
religious survey card and a pen 
or pencil. The card is easy to 



fill out. (Gehman gives each 
worker a card). It provides for 
names of members of the house- 
hold, address, church affiliation, 
ages of minor children, whether 
attending church, and/or Sunday- 
school, whether members of the 
church, and, if not, church prefer- 
Gehman: The workers should make 
a friendly approach. It seems to 
me that it would be well to state 
at once when they enter a home 
that they are on a mission for 
the churches of the community. 
They might also call attention to 
the publicity given to our plans 
by the local newspaper. 

Ziegler; I would suggest, also, that 
the interview be not unnecessari- 
ly prolonged. One pair of work- 
ers should be able to make about 
five interviews in an evening. 

One worker: What do we do with 
our cards when they are filled 

Other worker: Do we come for a 
new supply of cards each eve- 

Gehman: I believe we should all 
gather here each evening at 7:30. 
The cards that are filled out can 
be returned and new ones can be 
taken by the workers for the eve- 
ning's work. 

Ziegler: Shouldn't we also pray 
God's blessing each evening upon 
the work? Will you brethren be 
satisfied to start at Main and 

One worker: I am satisfied. 

Other worker: Suits me. 

Ziegler: Here are survey cards for 
this evening. Now I suggest that 
Bro. Gehman lead us in prayer. 
(Heads bowed for silent prayer. 
Audible amen.) 

Gehman: Our prayers and good 
wishes go with you. 

Ziegler: We'll see you here tomor- 
ro-«v night at 7:30. 
As good wishes are said workers 

withdraw. GeTvman and Ziegler 

leave study. 

Scene 2 
Family to be interviewed come 

into their living room. Consists of 

father, mother, their two sons and 

a schoolteacher who lives with 


Mother: Who left this chair in the 
very middle of the room? (Takes 

chair and places it in more desir-' 
able place. All are seated.) 
Son; Mother, let's go to grand- 
mother's a little while this eve- 
Mother: Do you have lessons? 
Son: No. Can't we go? 
Father: I have had a pretty hard 
day and am tired. 
Rap on door. Father goes toward 

Teacher; I will go to my room. I 
am not expecting any company. 

Mother: Please stay. (Teacher 

Father (opening door): Good eve- 
ning. Please come in. (Visitors 

Visitors: We are helping to make the 
religious survey in our commtmi- 
ty about which you have heard* 
May we ask you some questions? 
(Visitors are seated.) 

Mother: We shall try to answer 
your questions. 

Visitors; What is the family name, 

Father: Blough. 

Visitors: What is your first name, 
Mr. Blough? 

Father: Kenneth. 

Visitors: What is your mailing ad- 

Father: Route 2, Davids ville. 

Visitors: What is Mrs. Blough's first 

Mother: Elizabeth. 

Visitors: You have two fine-looking 
boys. What are their names? 
And how old are they? 

Father: John and James. John is 
eleven. James is eight. 

Visitors: What is the young lady's 

Teacher: My name is Mary Johnson. 
I live with this family and am a 

Visitors: Where do you teach. Miss 

Teacher: Fourth grade in Davids- 

Visitors: You are doing a worthy 
service. What is your church af- 

Teacher: I do not belong to any 

Visitors: Do you attend church and 
Sunday school? 

Teacher: No, not regularly. I like 
to sleep on Sunday mornings 

Vistors: What is your church pref- 

Teacher: I was reared in a fine 
Christian home in Johnstown. 

My parents were members of the 
Church of the Brethren. If I ever 
join a church I will join the 
church of my parents. 

Visitors: Mr. Blough, to what 
church do you belong? 

Father: I do not belong to any 
church. I never took much inter- 
est in the church. 

Visitors: What is your church pref- 

Father: Church of the Brethren. 

Visitors: Do you attend church or 
Sunday school anywhere? 

Father: Only a few times a year. 

Visitors: Mrs. Blough, are you a 
member of any church? 

Mother: Yes, I have belonged to 
the Church of the Brethren since 
I was a girl. I attend church and 
Sunday school regularly. 

Visitors: Do these lads belong to the 

Mother: John united with my 
church last June. James is too 

Visitors: Do the boys attend church 
and Sunday school with you? 

Mother: Yes, both of them do. 

Visitors: Are there any other mem- 
bers of your household? 

Father: No, each member of the 
family is here. 

Visitors: We must be going now. 
You have been very gracious. 
We thank you for your co-opera- 
tion in giving us this information 
so willingly. 
Visitors leave. Good nights are 

said. Family leisurely retires from 

the living room,. 

Father (as he leaves living room) 
Those were nice fellows. I hope 
they will come again. 
(Scenes 3 and 4 show a visit to 

another jamily, none of whom be- 
long to or attend any churches, and 

the workers turning in their cards 

at the end of the week.) 

Scene 5 
Pastor's study. Transferring the 

data from the survey cards to the 

prospect and assignment cards takes 

place during the week following 

the survey. 

Gehman: Here is a card for you 
with Brethren prospects. 

Ziegler: Here is a Methodist family; 
some prospects for church mem- 
bership. Here is a card which 
belongs to neither of us. Luther- 
ans. Name is Ritz. Do they at- 
tend your church? 

Gehman: Yes, the children do. I 
shall be glad to find out what 
their desires are. I will report 
them to the nearest Lutheran 
pastor if they desire it. 

Ziegler: This surely is thrilling. It 

is amazing to find out how many 
people there are in our communi- 
ty who are not Christians. We 
do not find them unless we seek 
in a systematic way. 

Gehman: I am thrilled as I think 
how both of our churches are 
blessed with loyal, earnest lay- 
men who love the Lord and are 
willing to give themselves to the 

Ziegler: Well, we are through now 
and are ready for our workers. 

Gehman: I will need to do some 
hard work on my sermons for 
tomorrow. I am preaching in the 
morning on Jesus' Evangelistic 

Ziegler: I thought of preaching on 
Christ and We Working Together 
in Soul-Winning. 
Pastors in study. Finish cards 

Saturday a.m. Pastors remain in 


Resource Materials 

Ministers' Manual for Visitation 

Evangelism. 25c. 
Lay Workers' Manual for Visitation 

Evangelism. 10c. 
Religious Census Cards. 35c per 


Next week we find the workers 
planning and carrying out the visi- 
tation of the prospects for church 
membership discovered through this 
religious censu.s. 


Religious News . . . 

Clergyrncm's Sermon Raises 
$50,000 for New School 

Sometimes sermons are irresist- 

The Rev. Max O'Neal, pastor of 
the First Baptist church of Eastman, 
recently delivered a sermon entitled 
Do Not Sin Against the Children, 
in which he denounced Eastman's 
old, rickety public school building. 
Within twenty-four hours after his 
talk, members of the congregation 
made arrangements for a mass meet- 
ing. Preparations were so complete 
that practically all of Eastman's 3,- 
311 citizens attended. Every busi- 
nessman closed his shop to permit 
employees to go. 

The mass meeting brought con- 
tributions amounting to $40,000 in 
cash toward construction of a new 
school building and an additional 
$10,000 worth of pledges of materials 
and personal services. 

Townfolk say Mr. O'Neal's ser- 
mon started it all, and they vow to 
"put up the new school if we have 
to draft every able-bodied male in 
the city an hour a day to do it." 

New Church Strategy Urged for 
Shifting Populations 

Shifting populations throughout 
the country necessitate a new strat- 
egy on the part of the churches, it 
was asserted by Dr. Earl R. Brown, 
an executive secretary of the divi- 
sion of home missions of the Metho- 
dist Church. 

He predicted that the Methodist 
Church would spend some $100,- 
000,000 within the next few years 
to meet the needs of these communi- 
ties as well as new agricultural cen- 

The situation is further compli- 
cated, Dr. Brown said, by the move- 
ment of millions of Negroes from the 
South to the North, and the grow- 
ing Negro birthrate; the return of 
Japanese Americans to agricultural 
centers, and the increasing Western- 
ization of Chinese Americans who 
no longer can be served by the "old 
'Chinese mission.' " 

Great Response to Correspond- 
ence Course in Marriage 

Marking the first anniversary of 
the founding of a correspondence 
course on preparation for marriage 
by the Catholic Centre of the Uni- 
versity of Otawa, Father Andrew L. 
Guay, O.M.I., director, said response 
has been "tremendous" both in Can- 
ada and the United States. 

There are fifteen lessons in the 
complete course, which is open only 
to those who are engaged or intend 
to marry within a year, and to those 
already married. Others interested 
in the course may take the first eight 

The subject matter dealt with in 
the first eight lessons concerns the 
present situation with regard to 
marriage, courtship and engagement, 
masculine and feminine psychology, 
economic preparation, the spiritual- 
ity of marriage, and civil law con- 
cerning the sacrament. 

The remaining seven lessons deal 
with church law concerning mar- 
riage, the marriage ceremony, mas- 
culine and feminine anatomy and 
physiology, relations between hus- 
band and wife, hygiene and vene- 
real diseases, the moral aspect and 
the first months of marriage. 

Religious Isolationists Scored 

Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish 
leaders addressing the convention of 
the American Catholic Sociological 
Society in Chicago criticized the 
lack of co-operation among church 
people in combating racial and re- 
ligious tensions. 

Dr. Everett R. Clinchy, president 

FEBRUARY 1. 1947 


of the National Conference of Chris- 
tians and Jews, scored "religious iso- 
lationists" as "the most dangeroias 
people of this atomic age." "Each 
cultural group," he declared, "must 
be taught in school and church to 
appreciate the contributions of oth- 
ers in all fields of endeavor." 

Dr. Frank T. Flynn, professor of 
sociology at the University of Notre 
Dame, criticized both Protestants 
and Catholics for creating tensions. 
"AU too often Catholics have failed 
to make clear their position on vital 
issues," he said, "and they have re^ 
frained frequently from participat- 
ing in community activities to im- 
prove social conditions. We might 
as well face the fact that the at- 
tempt to wall ourselves in as a 
protective device will not operate 
successfully in the modem world. 
. . . The day is gone when clergy 
and laity in urban communities can 
act as though they were living in a 
thirteenth-century village." 

Reverses Decision Barring CO. 
as Teacher 

Francis T. Spaulding, New York 
state commissioner of education, has 
overruled a decision of the New 
York city board of examiners which 
refused a regular teaching license to 
a conscientious objector, Harold Ru- 

Ruvin, now co-owner of a deli- 
catessen store in New York, was de- 
nied a license to teach in April 1945. 
The board of examiners challenged 
his status — although his local draft 
board classified him as a CO. — on 
the ground of "unsatisfactory rec- 

Mormons Operate Modem Coal 

An improved and modernized coal 
mine, operated under the welfare 
program of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mor- 
mon), is now producing coal, thanks 
to many hours of hard work donated 
by miners and other artisans. 

The mine, one of many church 
welfare units aimed at relieving 
want and suffering in time of emer- 
gency, is located six miles north- 
west of Orangeville, Utah. 

Coal jDeing mined there and 
hauled out by truck is produced by 
men working without wages and 
goes to care for the needy, and to 
church hospitals. 

"Not all of the men, by any means, 
who helped modernize the mine are 
members of the L.D.S. church," said 
Leonard E. Adams, Salt Lake City, 
vice president and general manager 

of Spring Canyon Coal Company, 
who is in charge of the operation. 
"Many men, regardless of religious 
beliefs, have worked long and hard 
on the project." 

Protection of Religious Minorities 

Protection of religious minorities 
in countries where nationalism is 
strong was stressed this week by 
Dr. Cyril Forster Garbett, Archbish- 
op of York, in an address to the 
House of Lords in London. He cited 
especially church and missionary 
groups in Egypt, India and Turkey. 

At the same time, Dr. Garbett 
urged safeguarding of religious lib- 
erties under United Nations agree- 
ments for Christian populations in 
areas under Soviet domination. Re- 
ferring specifically to Jugoslavia, he 
warned against a process under way 
"to create a state proletariat in 
which all citizens are molded in the 
sanie pattern." 

The archibishop said, "It would 
be of real value if a place were 
found on the proposed Charter or 
Bill of Rights for a declaration in- 
sisting on civil and religious liber- 
ties for individuals and for minori- 

About Books . . . 

Any books mentioned in this column, may 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. — ^Ed. 

ties. This would express the stand- 
ard to which civilized nations are 
expected to conform." 

$1,000,000,000 Contributed to 
Religion in 1945 

Contributions made by the Ameri- 
can public to religion in 1945 scored 
a new high by passing the $1,000,- 
000,000 mark, but they amounted to 
only one third of the nation's bill 
for tobacco and one eighth of its 
outlay for alcoholic beverages. This 
is the report of the family economics 
bureau of the Northwestern National 
Life Insurance Company, Minneap- 
olis, on the basis of official estimates 
made by the U. S. Department of 

The estimated total for religious 
gifts and bequests in 1945 was $1,- 
035,000,000, or .9 per cent of the 
$115,000,000,000 for all consumer 
outlays for the year. It was esti- 
mated that of the total, $7,800,000,000 
went for alcoholic beverages; $3,- 
000,000,000 for tobacco and $1,200,- 
000,000 for movies and theaters' ad- 

In 1942, religion received $721,- 
000,000 of the total consumer out- 
lays of $89,000,000,000, or .8 per cent. 

be secured through the Brethren Publish- 



Unhappy Rabbit. Nancy Ray- 
mond. Fideler Company, 1943. 20 
pages. 75 cents. 

This little rabbit is unhappy be- 
cause he wishes to be somebody else 
instead of the white rabbit he is. 
When Brer Possum grants his wish 
he learns never to want to be any- 
thing different from what he really 
is. Ages 3-6. — Genevieve Crist. 

Successful Letters for Churches. 
Stewart Harral. Abingdon-Cokes- 
bury, 1946. $2.00. 247 pages. 

This book is well written and 
achieves its purpose. It will appeal 
to the administrative-minded pas- 
tor. It shows how the church pro- 
gram can be enhanced through a 
program of good letter writing. — 
Raymond R. Peters. 

Records of the Life of Jesus. 
Henry Burton Sharman. Harper, 
1946 (1917). $1.50. 239 pages. 

An attractive reprint of the useful 
Sharman work. The first three gos- 
pels are printed in harmony form, 
and the fourth with cross-references 
to the others. Study questions are 
provided in a 50-cent paper-bound 
book called Studies in the Records 
of the Life of Jesus, by the same 
author. These books together pro- 
vide a good basis for direct study of 
the life of Jesus.— -E. G. Hoff. 

Little Red Riding Hood. Perrault. 
Wilcox & FoUett, 1946. 26 pages. 

To this well-known folk tale a new 
charm has been added with the 
dainty and artistic pictures by Prim- 
rose. — Genevieve Crist. 

Favorite Fairy Tales From An- 
dersen. Marie Holz. Wilcox & Fol- 
lett, 1946. $1.00. 

Seven of Hans Christian Ander- 
sen's fairy tales charmingly retold 
by Marie Holz and illustrated by 
Sharon Steams. — Genevieve Crist. 

Little Boy Dance. Elizabeth Wil- 
lis Dehuflf. Wilcox & FoUett. 42 
pages. $1.00. 

Juanita is a little Indian boy who 
entertains the village visitors. One 
day he runs off into the Taos Moun- 
tains. The story of the little lost 
boy who wants his mother and his 
supper is told with charm and de- 
lightful humor and with love for the 
forest animals. Ages 4-7. One color 
illustration. — Genevieve Crist. 

Sermon on the Mount. Illustrated 
by Everett Shinn. John C. Winston, 
1946. 40 pages. $2.00. 

In this book the Sermon on the 
Mount is beautifully interpreted and 
illustrated by Everett Shinn; it 
makes a gift edition of great beauty. 
— Genevieve Crist. 

Readers Write . . • 

These are excerpts from letters which come to the editor's desk. It is our Intention 
not to publish anything here unless permission has been given by the writer. 

Having finished reading the article in 
Thinking About the News entitled Vir- 
ginia Is Ashamed, I am impelled to write 
a line telling you that I too am ashamed 
that such things actually take place in a 
country which has religious liberty, and 
which was founded by Christian people 
who attempted to provide blessings for 
their posterity. Is it not true that we, 
their descendants, have not advanced be- 
yond where they stopped? — S. S. Shoe- 
maker, North Canton, Ohio. 
• • • • 

On my wife's last birthday I made her 
a gift of thirty-^ve dollars with which to 
purchase a wrist watch, a thing she had 
desired for many years. However, she 
did not buy the watch, but instead gave 
the money for relief. When asked why 
she gave the money for relief she re- 
plied, "I could not spend the money for 
something I could get along without when 
many people are starving. Had I used 
the money to purchase a watch every 
time I would have looked at it to de- 
termine the time of day my conscience 
would have condemned me for I would 
have thought of suffering humanity." 
More of us might do without those things 
we contemplate buying and give that ten, 

German Prisoners Restore His- 
toric English Church 

Six German prisoners of war have 
restored Chilvers Coton churchyard, 
where George Eliot was buried, and 
are now rebuilding the church in 
which the famous author of The Mill 
on the Floss and Adam Bede was 

Nearly all the stone and timber 
for the restoration of the church 
came from the wreckage of the origi- 
nal structure which was destroyed 
during an air raid of 1941. The 
prisoners, comprising six warrant 
officers and N.C.O.'s, mostly from 
the U-boat arm and in a category 
which cannot be forced to work, vol- 
unteered their services "in apprecia- 
tion of their kind treatment." 

Boston Youth Council Promotes 

An experiment in interfaith co- 
operation by more than 2,000 greater 
Boston college men and women is 
paying large dividends in tolerance 
on the campus and setting a new 
precedent for student participation 
in civic affairs. 

The Greater Boston Youth Coun- 
cil, founded by Protestant, Catholic 
and Jewish students, will observe its 
first anniversary in February 1947, 
with an outstanding record of 

Northern Baptists to Launch 
Evangelism Crusade 

A nation-wide crusade of evan- 
gelism will be conducted during 
1947-48 by the Northern Baptist 
Convention as the first phase of a 
projected five-year expansion pro- 
gram of the denomination's Crusade 

twenty-five, fifty or one hundred dollars 
to relief and know the joy of self-denial. 
— A husband. 

• • • • 

In the Gospel Messenger, No. 51, is an 
article on The Wise Men Beheld the Babe. 
But they did not find him in a stable. 
Read Matt. 2. "And when they were 
come into the house they saw the young 
child with Mary his mother, and fell 
down, and worshipped him : and . . . they 
presented unto him gifts; gold and frank- 
incense and myrrh." The star shone over 
Bethlehem's fields, but the wise men did 
not hear the heavenly music or see the 
angels. In Christmas entertainments often 
after the shepherds come and kneel by 
the manger bed, they bring in the wise 
men. — Anna E. Lesh, Goshen, Ohio. 

• • • • 

"Enclosed find twenty dollars for world- 
wide missions. I will give you this little 
story of the twenty dollars. It was given 
to me by my son when he sold his spring 
lambs because I had helped care for some 
of the weaker ones when they came. I 
did not wish to take it but he insisted I 
should. So I thought that the way to 
get the most out of it would be to pass 
it on for world-wide missions." — A friend. 

for Christ, it was announced at con- 
vention headquarters in New York. 
The enlarged program also will 
stress world missions, stewardship. 
Christian teaching and Christian 
social progress as well as evange- 

German Protestants Plan Study 

Centers on Church 


Centers for the study of world 
church co-operation will shortly be 
set up in various cities of Germany, 
according to Dr. Carl Schneider, 
American representative of the 
World Council of Churches, who is 
serving as liaison between the coun- 
cil's study department and German 
Protestant churches. 

The study centers will be under 
the auspices of the department of 
foreign relations of the Evangelical 
Church in Germany, headed by Pas- 
tor Martin Niemoeller, but the active 
directors will be Dr. Hans Schoen- 
feld, formerly of the World Council, 
and the Rev. Wilhelm Menn. 

Quakers Sponsor Interracial 

Negro, Caucasian and Oriental 
women of various religiovis back- 
grounds are participating in the in- 
stitutional service units project of 
the American Friends Service Com- 

The project now has sixty-six 
young people working as temporary 
employees of reformatories or men- 
tal hospitals, where they receive the 
prevailing wage-rate. They serve 
as attendants, cottage supervisors, 
recreational or occupational thera- 
pists and office workers. 

First Protestant Relief Shipment 
Reaches Japan 

The first shipment of Church 
World Service relief supplies to Ja- 
pan has arrived in Yokohama for 
distribution through church agen- 
cies in that country, it was an- 
nounced by A. Henry Birkel, execu- 
tive secretary for East and South- 
east Asia of the interdenominational 
Protestant agency. 

Totaling 466,000 pounds and val- 
ued at more than $100,000, the ship- 
ment included dehydrated soups, 
canned food, clothing, spaghetti, 
noodles, salt, soap, vitamins, and 
shoes. The biggest single item was 
136,000 pounds of powdered milk. 

Pay Increase Urged for 

A minimum pay increase of ten 
per cent for all pastors of the denom- 
ination has been recommended by 
the state secretaries council of the 
Northern Baptist Convention. Point- 
ing out that its pastors do not have 
"recourse to measures open to men 
in industry and business" for increas- 
ing their pay, the council stated that 
the churches should raise salaries 
"sufficient to insure an income equal 
in purchasing power to that received 
prior to the inflation era." 

The council said that the increased 
cost of living is forcing many min- 
isters to live close to or below the 
subsistence level. In proposing the 
ten per cent increase, the council 
suggested that in most instances the 
raises should be above that figure. 

Christmas Greetings Sent to In- 
terned German Pastors 

A message of goodwill from the 
British Council of Churches was 
conveyed on Christmas Day to all 
German pastors interned as prison- 
ers of war in Britain, it was an- 
nounced in London. The message 
was signed by Dr. Geoffrey Francis 
Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
president of the council and chair- 
man of its committee on war pris- 

Weddings . . . 

Amold-Woodie.— William Dee Arnold of 
Texarkana, Texas, and Frances M. Woodie 
of Troutville, Va., in the Troutville 
church, Dec. 13, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— E. C. Woodie. Troutville, Va. 

Bam«s-Eller. — Oscar Barnes and Edith 
Lucille Eller. both of Cerro Gordo, 111., 
in the Cerro Gordo church, Jan. 12. 
1947, by the undersigned.— W. Harlan 
Smith, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Berry-Hugh**.— Bill F. Berry of Roa- 
noke. Va., and Margaret M. Hughes ol 
Troutville. Va., in the brides home, Oct 
12, 1946, by the undersigned.— E. C. 
Woodie. Troutville. Va. 

B«Ich8r-Scagg».— William E. Belcher of 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 


Fincastle, Va., and Geneva Leona Scaggs 
of Nace, Va., July 27, 1946, by the under- 
signed, in his home. — ^E. C. Woodie, Trout- 
ville, Va. 

Brady-Thomas. — George Allen Brady of 
Fulks Run, Va., and Nellie Lula Thomas 
of Criders, Va., in the Linville Creek 
parsonage, Jan. 11, 1947, by the under- 
signed. — Samuel D. Lindsay, Broadway, 

Brown-Harl. — Cecil Brown and Verna 
Ruth Hart, both of Haxtun, Colo., at the 
Haxtun parsonage, Jan. 14, 1947, by the 
undersigned. — Otto Laursen, Haxtun, Colo. 

Cave-Balsiger. — Edward Lee Cave of 
Washington, D.C., and Erma Balsiger of 
Orangeville, 111., Jan. 7, 1947, by the un- 
dersigned at his home. — Jacob H. Holling- 
er, Washington, D.C. 

Chockley-Staznbanigb. — ^Verile G. Chock- 

- ley of Browning, 111., and Norma J. Stam- 

baugh of Astoria, 111., in the bride's 

home, Sept. 7, 1946, by the undersigned. 

— G. G. Canfield, Astoria, lU. 

Domer-Lanz. — William Edward Domer 
of Baltic, Ohio, and Mary Jane Lanz of 
Sugarcreek, Ohio, at the Evangelical and 
Reformed church, Baltic, Ohio, Jan. 12, 
1947, by the undersigned. — John A. Mc- 
Cormick, Baltic, Ohio. 

Gardner-Sllne. — Lawrence E. Gardner 
and H. Marie Stine, in the Claysburg 
church, by the undersigned. — Charles L. 
Cox, Claysburg, Pa. 

Holderman-Root. — Earl Holderman and 
Kathryn Root, both of McFarland, Calif., 
in the McFarland church, Dec. 29, 1946, 
by the undersigned.— John I. Coffman, , 
McFarland, Calif. 

Miller-M©ckley. — Daniel Webster Miller 
of Spring, Grove, Pa., and Helena Mae 
Meckley of Brodbecks, Pa., in the Black 
Rock church, Sept. 6, 1946, by the under- 
signed.— N. S. Sellers, Lineboro, Md. 

Parks-Kadlecek. — J. Kenton Parks of 
Boulder, Colo., and Ruth Kadlecek of At- 
wood, Colo., at the home of the bride, 
Dec. 22, 1946, by the undersigned.— Otto 
Laursen, Haxtun, Colo. 

Pence-Penny. — Russell Pence of Nor- 
borne. Mo., and Wilma Penny, of Hardin, 
Mo,, in the New Hope church, Dec. 27, 
1946, by the undersigned. — ^Lee Kendall, 
Norbome, Mo. 

Richardson - Miller. — Ebner Richardson 
and Crystal Miller, both of Clarksville, 
Mich., Aug. 28, 1946, by and in the home 
of the undersigned. — Carl H. Welch, Lake 
Odessa, Mich. 

Russell-Brumbaugh. — Richard E. Rus- 
sell and lola Mae Brumbaugh, both of 
Martinsburg, Pa., June 18, 1946, by the 
undersigned, at his home.— Paul R. Yoder, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Seymoui^Secrist. — Dale Edward Sey- 
mour of Washington, D. C, and Amy 
Mareda Secrist of Easton, Md., at the 
Easton church, Oct. 5, 1946, by the imder- 
signed.— Barry T. Fox, Easton, Md. 

Sha«er-Gales. — Clair Shaffer and Vir- 
ginia Gates, both of Windber, Pa., Nov. 
17, 1946, in the Windber church, by the 
undersigned. — ^Millard H. Weaver, Wind- 
ber, Pa. 

Shepherd-Reed. — Lloyd Shepherd and 
Vivian Reed, both of Lake Odessa, Mich., 
in the Clarksville Congregational church, 
Nov. 9, 1946, by the undersigned. — Carl H. 
Welch, Lake Odessa, Mich. 

Smilfa-Roberlson. — Wendell Smith of 
Churchville, Va., and Elaine Robertson of 
Winston-Salem, N. C, in the Fraternity 
church, Dec. 1, 1946, by the undersigned. 
— S. H. Flora, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Sollenberger-Sleele. — Byron Eugene Sol- 
lenberger of Curryville, Pa., and Evelyn 
Marie Steele of Yellow Creek, Pa., in the 
Yellow Creek church, Nov. 27, 1946, by 
the undersigned. — Percy R. Kegarise, Sax- 
ton, Pa. 

Stremmel'^Chromsier. — Laveme Clarence 
Stremmel and Arlene Elenora Chronister, 
Oct. 26, 1946, at the home of the bride, by 
the undersigned. — J. L. Miller, York, Pa. 

Trone-Anthony. — Weldon Joseph Trone 
and Edith Irene Anthony, both of Hano- 
ver, Pa., at Lineboro, Md., July 8, 1946, 
by the undersigned. — ^N. S. Sellers, Line- 
boro, Md. 

Wagner- VanOyke. — Ernest J. Wagner 
and EUzabeth VanDyke, both of Delta, 
Ohio, in the parsonage at Adrian, Mich., 
Dec. 21, 1946, by the imdersigned.— H. H. 
Hendricks, Adrian, Mich. 

Walker-Meashey. — Nelson H. Walker of 
Palmyra, Pa., and Margaret A. Meashey 
of Hershey, Pa., Dec. 25, 1946, by the im- 
dersigned. — J. Herbert MiUer, Hershey, 

Wemer-Baugher. — George Albert Wer- 
ner of Lineboro, Md., and Marguerite 
Dorcas Baugher of Marysville, Pa., Nov. 
16, 1946, by the undersigned, at his resi- 
dence. — ^N. S. Sellers, Lineboro, Md. 

Obituaries . . . 

Elder James R. Wine 

James Richard Wine, oldest son of 
John L. and Sudie Wine, was born July 
28, 1882, and died Aug. 14, 1946, in Mo- 



desto, Calif. He was a direct descendant 
of Michael Wine of Flat Rock, Va., in 
whose home the Annual Conference of 
1794 was held. Early in life he united 
with the Church of the Brethren and 
remained a devoted Christian worker un- 
til his passing. 

The First Wichita church in Kansas 
called him to the ministry in 1906 and 
later advanced him to the elder's office. 
In 1909 he and Estella Weaver were mar- 
ried, and two children. Bertha Flora of 
Modesto and Harold of Sacramento, Calif., 
were bom. 

In 1912, under the direction of the mis- 
sion board, he and his family moved to 
Enid, dkla., to help with the new mission 
and child rescue work there. Sister 
Wine's health forbade their staying in 
Oklahoma, and after little more than a 
year they returned to Wichita, where he 
served as pastor and elder of both the 
First' and West Wichita churches for a 
number of years. In June of 1926 Bro. 
Wine's health again caused them to move, 
this time to the West Coast, where a 
year was spent in evangelistic- work. 
While holding meetings in the Live Oak, 
California, church, the members decided 
to retain him as their pastor. While 
serving there Sister Wine died. Later 
Bro. Wine and his children moved to 
Empire as pastor of the church there. 
He married Merle Fike, who with his 
children, mother, sister, three brothers 
and four grandchildren, survives him. His 
father, brother, two sisters and a grand- 
son preceded him in death. 

He served as pastor of the llickman 
Community church for eleven years, re- 
tiring last year when his health became 
■worse. At the time of his passing he 
was presiding elder of the Chowchilla 
church. He was a member of the dis- 
trict board for several years. 

For years he has given freely of his 
time and money to further the temper- 
ance cause. Bro. Wine was always will- 
ing to help those who came to him in 

distress, aiid was always the happiest 
when able to aid some one. Memorial 
services were held in Moore's funeral 
chapel in Modesto with Bro. Russell Bur- 
riss, pastor of the Waterford church, of- 
ficiating. He was buried in the lOOF 
cemetery in Modesto. 

Jesse P. Weybright 

Bro. Jesse P. Weybright, son of Samuel 
and Mary Ann Snader Weybright, was 
born April 22, 1865, in Carroll County, 
Md., near Keys- 
ville, and died 
Nov. 2, 1946, at 
his home in De- 
tour, after a few 
weeks' illness. 

He was bap- 
tized Nov. 2, 1889, 
by Elder T. J. 
Kolb. He was al- 
ways interested 
in the church of 
his choice. He was 
elected to the 
d e a c o n's office 
Aug. 1, 1914, and 
served as church 
treasurer until 
the time of his death. He was a member 
of the district mission board for thirty- 
seven years; during that time he super- 
vised the organization of the Piney Creek 
church and the building of three church- 
es: Long Green, Reisterstown and Flower 
Hill. He had been a trustee of the former 
Blue Ridge College, serving in that ca- 
pacity until the sale and transfer to the 
Brethren Service Committee. He was a 
member of the first trustee board of the 
Fahrney Memorial Home; later he com- 
piled a history of the home, which was 
published in 1946. On account of his 
banking knowledge, for the past ten years 
he was a member of the investment com- 
mittee of the home. In 1941 he was made 
an honorary life member of the official 
board. He also published a history of the 
Weybright family, and a history of Detour 
(formerly Double Pipe Creek, the home 
of Elder Daniel P. Sayler). 

On Dec. 24, 1889, he was married to 
Irene Stoner,- daughter of Daniel and 
Margaret Stoner of Dayton, Ohio. They 
engaged in farming until 1922, when they 
retired and moved to Detour, where they 
have since resided. 

Surviving are his wife and the follow- 
ing children: Jennie N. Wolfe of Bridge- 
water, Va., Miss Margaret at home, Ralph 
P. of near Detour, and Elizabeth Hoover 
of Frederick; five grandchildren; two 
brothers and one sister: Elder John S. 
Weybright of Bridgewater, Va., Mrs. Chal- 
lice W. Baker of Waynesboro, Pa., and 
Elder S. R. Weybright of Detour, Md. 

Funeral services were held at his home 
and in the Rocky Ridge church. Elder 
E. P. Schildt of Rocky Ridge officiated, 
assisted by Dr. E. C. Bixler of New Wind- 
sor. — S. R. Weybright, Detour, Md. 

Elder Harvey Lee Reed 

H. L. Reed rendered a significant serv- 
ice to his district. Southern Virginia, and 
to his home church. Pleasant Valley. He 
was a man of good 
judgment and a 
Christian gentle- 
man who deeply 
loved his church 
and his commimity. 
He gave himself 
and his time freely 
• a. > "1. i.ii. *** *^® work of the 
^«& C3 - ' fi^ kingdom. He was 
~ '■' ■* a member of the 

district ministerial 
board for eighteen 
years. Through his 
close contact with 
the churches dur- 
ing this time he 
learned to know 
the district well. He was alert to the 
needs ami t® ways of meeting these needs. 
He served his district as moderator of 
its conference and as Standing Committee 
delegate at Annual Conference. He kept 
abreast of the times through reading and 
study affldi aitteonding conferences. 

Bro. Harvey Lee Reed was bom in 
Floyd County, Va., July 24, 1881, and lived 
his entire life in this county except the 
time he spent at DalevlUe in preparation 
for a richer ministry. His work ended 
on Oct. 29, 1946, after spending three 
weeks in the Altamont hospital in Chrls- 
tiansburg, Va. 

He united with the church on Jan. 22, 
1899. He was elected to the ministry on 
May 24, 1919, and ordained to the elder- 
ship Aug. 30. 1924. 

Bro. Reed and Rachel Dulaney were 
married July 26, 1900. Five children 
came to bless this home. Surviving are 
his wile, his aged mother and the follow- 
ing children: Price of Royersford, Pa., 
Prince of Troutville, Va., Llvia at home, 
Dewey of Long Green, Md., and Mrs. 
Russel Lindeman of Royersford, Pa. Nine 
grandchildren also survive. 

Funeral services were conducted in the 
Pleasant Valley church by the under- 
signed, assisted by S. P. and Michael 
Reed, elders in his home church. Burial 
was in the church cemetery. — Guy E. 
Wampler, Bassett, Va. 

Henry G. Gottshall 

Henry G. Gottshall, music supervisor in 
the Glen Rock and New Freedom, Pa., 
high schools and well known in musical 
circles, died Nov. 
15. 1946, at his 
home in Glen Rock, 
following a two- 
month illness. He 
was forty - three 
years old. 

Mr. Gottshall, a 
former resident of 
Souderton, P a., 

taught music at the 
Hershey Industrial 
School and at the 
Bethel Consolidat- 
ed school in Berks 
County before go- 
ing to Glen Rock. 
For a period of sixteen years he taught 
vocal and instrumental music at Souder- 

A composer and writer of church 
hymns, Mr. Gottshall conducted the Fish- 
er a capella choir for seven years over 
two radio stations in Glenside, Pa., a sub- 
urb of Philadelphia. He was a former 
church organist and choir director of the 
Church of the Brethren at Ambler, Pa. 
Mr. Gottshall studied at the Combs 
Conservatory in Philadelphia, where he 
received his bachelor of science degree 
in music. He also attended Lebanon Val- 
ley College and the University of Penn- 
sylvania, where he majored in music. 

He was a member of the East Codorus 
church near Loganville and also belonged 
to the In and About Music Club of Harris- 
burg and the Glen Rock Lions Club. He 
was a member of the Music Supervisors 
Association of York County. 

Funeral services were conducted at the 
East Codorus church with further serv- 
ices at the Indian Creek church near 
Souderton, Pa. His body was laid to rest 
in the adjoining cemetery. 

Surviving him are his wife, Edna Boaz 
Gottshall, and three children, Gilbert, 
David and Elizabeth Gottshall. An infant 
son, Charles, preceded him in death.— A. 
C. Baugher, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Burk*tt, Joseph, son of Elder and Mrs.^ 
Samuel Burkett. was born near Burkett. 
Ind., and died at his daughter's home near 
Burkett Oct. 10, 1946. In 1896 he was 
married to May Messersmith, who pre- 
ceded him in death in 1939. He and his 
wife were earnest faithful Christian work- 
ers in the Church of the Brethren. He is 
survived by two daughters and eight 
grandchildren. Funeral services were held 
by his former pastor, J. Edwin Jarboe of 
Lincoln, Nebr., and interment was in the 
Palestine cemetery near Burkett, Ind. — 
Mrs. J. £klwin Jarboe. Lincoln. Nebr. 

Gallup, Henry Augusta, son of Edward 
F. and Rebecca Gallup, was bom in New- 
ton. Kansas, Feb. 11, 1872, and died at the 
home of his daughter at Simmons, Mo.. 
Oct. 7, 1946. He was married to Ida M. 

Miller Dec. 25, 1898. He is survived by 
his wife, two sons, three daughters, eight- 
een grandchildren and one great-grand- 
child. He had been a member of the Ca- 
bool church since 1924. Funeral services 
were conducted by the undersigned at 
the Cabool church, and burial was in the 
Cabool cemetery.— A. W. Adkins, Cabool, 

Haller, Simon, was born June 30. 1873. 
near Edinburg, Va., and died at his home 
July 25, 1946. He is survived by his wife, 
one foster daughter, one brother and one 
sister. While yet a young man he united 
with the Church of the Brethren, to which 
he remained faithful until death. He 
served as a deacon in the church for many 
years. Funeral services were held at his 
home by Elder Lawrence Helsley, assisted 
by Brethren Walter Burner and J. S. 
Stevens. Burial was in the Massanutten 
cemetery at Woodstock, Va.— Frances Cof- 
felt. Edinburg, Va. 

Haxter, Elsie L., daughter of David and 
Mary Stickel, was born in Elkhart Coun- 
ty, Ind., May 10, 1890. and died Dec. 28. 
1946. On Oct. 26, 1911, she was married to 
Vern I. Harter. She is survived by her 
husband, five children, seven brothers 
and three sisters. During a revival cam- 
paign by Bro. C. S. Garber she and her 
husband united with the Baugo church. 
Funeral services were held in the Olive 
Mennonite church near Wakarusa by the 
writer, assisted by Bro. William Brubak- 
er.— H. S. Bowers, Wakarusa. Ind. 

Kennedy, David Franklin, son of the 
late John and Anne E. Kennedy, was born 
at Mayland, Va., and died Dec. 30, 1946, as 
the result of an accident when his car 
was hit by a train near Timberville, Va. 
He was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many years. His first wife 
preceded him in death in 1922 and his sec- 
ond wife in 1937. Surviving are two sons, 
four daughters, three sisters, one brother, 
seven grandchildren and one great-grand- 
child. The funeral was held from the 
Linville Creek church near Broadway by 
the undersigned, and burial was in the 
LinviUe cemetery.— Samuel D. Lindsay, 
Broadway, Va. 

L««, Elizabeth Givens, was born Jan. 
20, 1868, near Springfield, 111., and died at 
her home in Lincoln, Nebr., on Dec. 25, 
1946. Her husband, William Lee, preced- 
ed her in death seventeen years ago. She 
and her husband united with the Church 
of the Brethren about twenty years ago. 
She is survived by her daughter, one son, 
six grandchildren and twelve great-grand- 
children. Funeral services were conduct- 
ed by her pastor, J. Edwin Jarboe, and 
burial was in the Lincoln Wyuka ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. J. Edwin Jarboe, Lincoln, 

Lewis, John H., son of the late Aaron 
and Mary Lewis of Lewiston, Minn., died 
at his home Dec. 6, 1946, at the age of 
sixty-five years. He is survived by his 
wife, one son, and one daughter. Funeral 
services were held at the Lewiston church 
by Bro. Lewis Hyde and burial was in 
the church cemetery. — Mrs. William E. 
Wright, Utica, Minn. 

Looganecker, Samuel G., was bom in 
Morrison, 111., Dec. 24, 1875, and died 
Dec. 22, 1946, in St. Martins hospital at 
Tonasket, Wash. On May 16, 1903, he was 
married to Helena Bechtel. Four sons 
and three daughters were born to this 
union. On Thanksgiving Day in 1903 he 
and his wife were baptized into the 
Church of the Brethren. Bro. Longaneck- 
er served for many years as a deacon. 
He is survived by seven children, twenty- 
one grandchildren, five brothers and three 
sisters. Funeral services were held by 
Bro. C. V. Stern of Tonasket, assisted by 
Rev. Wayne Ridout.— Mrs. C. V. Stern, 
Tonasket, Wash. 

MUl«r, Albert, son of Samuel P. and Ra- 
chel E. Miller, was born Jan. 23. 1867. on 
a farm in Kosciusko County, Ind., and 
died Oct. 8, 1946. He was united in mar- 
riage to Alice Ulrey. To this union were 
born four daughters and one son, the son 
dying in infancy. His wife preceded him 
in death in 1903. Very early in life he 
united with the Church of the Brethren. 
In 1914 he was elected to the office of 

deacon, in which capacity he served 
faithfully. On Oct. 15, 1905, he was united 
in marriage to Minnie Elizabeth Leckrone. 
To this union were bom two sons and 
one daughter. The younger son died at 
the age of fourteen years. Bro. Miller ia 
survived by his wife, five daughters, one 
son, three brothers, fourteen grandchil- 
dren and one great-grandchild. Funeral 
services were held at the Spring Creek 
church by N. J. Rich of Warsaw, Ind., as- 
sisted by A. F. Morris of Liberty MiUs, 
Ind. Burial was in the cemetery adjoin- 
ing the church. — Mrs. Albert MiUer, Sid- 
ney, Ind. 

Miller, Dora Alice, wife of I. B. MiUer, 
was born June 5, 1875, and died Dec. 21, 
1946. She was a faithful member of the 
Sangerville church. She is survived by 
her husband, two daughters, three sons, 
two brothers and one sister. Funeral 
services were held from the Sangerville 
church with Brethren I. J. Garber and 
M. G. Sanger officiating, and burial was 
in the adjoining cemetery. — Mrs. W. H. 
Simmons, Bridgewater, Va. 

Nicholson, Mary Folger, was born in 
Clark County, Iowa. Jan. 12. 1867, and died 
Dec. 9. 1946. On Feb. 14. 1886. she was 
united in marriage to Thomas Nicholson, 
who preceded her in death. To this union 
four sons were born, all of whom survive. 
She was a Sunday-school teacher for 
many years. She was a member of the 
Rockingham church for more than fifty 
years, having been converted at the age of 
seventeen years. She is survived by four 
sons, eleven grandchildren, and four 
great-grandchildren. Funeral services 
were held at the Wakenda church by the 
undersigned, assisted by Elder E. G. 
Rodabaugh. Interment was in the adjoin- 
ing cemetery. — Oscar Early, Stet. Mo. 

Phillips, Decater Elmer, was bom in 
Johnson City, Tenn., May 11, 1875, and 
passed away in his home in Visalia, Calif., 
Nov. 22, 1946. He accepted Christ at the 
age of thirteen years and remained faith- 
ful until death. He was a member of 
the Lindsay church. On Dec. 20, 1894, he 
was married to Mary Elizabeth Weddle 
in Floyd County, Va. To this union were 
born six children. He is survived by his 
wife, four daughters and one son. Serv- 
ices were held by his pastor, the under- 
signed, at the Webb funeral parlor and 
interment was in the Olive cemetery. — 
Paul S. Longenecker, Lindsay, Calif. 

Royer, William Henry, was born at Dal- 
las Center, Iowa, Feb. 7, 1878, and died 
Dec. 18, 1946. He was married to Bertha 
M. Wise on Feb. 14, 1910. He taught in 
the public schools of the county several 
years, served on the local school board, 
was director of the farm bureau and in 
1929 was awarded the title of Master 
Farmer of Iowa. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren at an early age, 
serving as a teacher, deacon and treasur- 
er. For thirty-seven years he was also 
treasurer of the district board. He is 
survived by his wife, two sons, two sisters 
and two brothers. Funeral services were 
conducted in the home church by the un- 
dersigned, assisted by Elder M. W. Iken- 
berry. Interment was in the near-by 
cemetery. — X. L. Coppock, Plattsburg, Mo. 

Thomas, Charles A., son of the late Mr. 
and Mrs. William Thomas of Auburn, Ind., 
was born Feb. 10, 1889, and died Dec. 11. 
1946. Most of his life was spent in and 
about Chicago. He was a member of 
the First church, Chicago. 111. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, Mrs. Julia Thomas, and 
one daughter. Interment was in the Mt. 
Emblem cemetery. — Harper S. Will. Chi- 
cago. 111. 

Wirt, Henry E., son of the late John H. 
and Mary Ann Lewis Wirt, was born 
Feb. 14, 1881, and died Nov. 7, 194S. He is 
survived by his wife. Alice B. Ogrosky 
Wirt, one daughter and one son. Fu- 
neral services were held by Rev. H. A. 
Hunger of the St. Paul's Evangelical 
church, and burial was in the Lewiston 
cem.etery.— Mrs. William E. Wright. Utica, 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 


Church News . . . 


Covina. — One evening in October Mr. 
David Norcross gave an interesting talk 
on the Southern California heifer project. 
One morning each week those who can, 
meet at the church at an early hour for 
special prayer. The Homebuilders, at 
their regular October meeting, had Mrs. 
Parker, who was soon leaving for China, 
as a guest speaker. She gave a talk about 
the Puerto Rican children. The Home- 
builders sent twenty-nine Christmas boxes 
to the children of Puerto Rico. An oflfer- 
ing of $100 was taken for the supplemen- 
tal pension fund for ministers. The La 
Verne College students gave a program 
of special music. An offering for mis- 
sions was taken at Thanksgiving. An of- 
fering for Brethren service is taken the 
first Sunday of the month. The past sev- 
eral months at the Sunday-school hour 
we have had moving pictures of the life 
of Paul. The young people put on a 
Chinese dinner to help boost the building 
fund. On Dec. 15 the recreation com- 
mittee sponsored a Christmas party for 
the juniors and intermediates. A Christ- 
mas program was given by the children of 
the Sunday school. In the evening the 
adults presented a program entitled The 
Effect of Caroling.— Mrs. Tempie S. Funk, 
Covina, Calif. 

Santa Ana. — Under the capable leader- 
ship of our pastor and his wife. Brother 
and Sister Joseph R. Jennings, our church 
is making good progress. Several heifers 
and goats for relief have been purchased 
by individuals and organized groups. The 
women sewed and contributed articles 
needed by the workers in our China mis- 
sion field hospital to which Dr. and Mrs. 
Parker have been sent. At our business 
meeting Elder John Wyne was re-elected 
elder for the coming year. This year we 
joined the 100% Messenger club. We are 
contributing to the released-time religious 
education in the city's elementary schools. 
Our congregation participated in the city- 
wide evangelistic crusade during the 
autumn months. On Dec. 15 six adults 
v/ere received into our fellowship. The 
colored Baptist church presented a pro- 
gram in our church on the evening of 
Nov. 17 and we presented a program in 
their church on the evening of Dec. 15. 
On Dec. 8 Brother and Sister Paul Daugh- 
erty and Brother and Sister Neil McKin- 
non, representing the district young adult 
cabinet, were guests of our young adult 
class at a noon luncheon and an after- 
noon conference. On Dec. 22 during the 
morning services the children's depart- 
ments presented a Christmas program; 
in the evening the adult and young peo- 
ple's departments, including the choir, pre- 
sented the play. Why the Chimes Rang. 
A missionary offering of money and white 
gifts was taken at the close of the service. 
Robert E. Lee was re-licensed to the min- 
istry on Oct. 27. Pastor Jennings with his 
wife was ordained to the eldership at our 
business meeting on the afternoon of Dec. 
15; Elder Galen B. Ogden represented the 
district ministerial board, and assisted in 
the installation services. An all-church 
social followed by a New Year's candle- 
lighting service was held on the evening 
of Dec. 31. — Iva A. Carl, Santa Ana, 

District of Columbia 

Washington City.— At the B. Y. P. D. 
meeting on Nov. 3 Livingston Hartley of 
the National Committee on Atomic In- 
formation was the guest speaker. Thirty 
Christmas gift towel bags, containing 
many useful articles, were sent to the 
children of the European area. On Nov. 
7 the women's council held their regular 
monthly meeting and sewed for relief. 
The young people of our church took 
part in the subdistrict round-table dis- 
cussion held in the University Park 
church on Nov. 10 and on Dec. 8 they 
met in our church in a joint fellowship 
service. On the evening of Nov. 17 Ora 



Huston filled the pulpit. A very gener- 
ous contribution was made to the Puerto 
Rico Christmas project by the Sunday- 
school classes. In the absence of our 
pastor Elder J. H. HoUinger delivered 
the morning message on Nov. 24 and in 
the evening the combined senior and 
junior choirs presented a program of mu- 
sic. On Dec. 15 the choirs rendered the 
Christmas story in song. The special 
drive for our parsonage fund amounted 
to $2,760.61. Charlotte Weaver, our church 
secretary, was recently elected chairman 
of the National Youth Cabinet of the 
Church of the Brethren and will attend 
the World Christian Youth Conference at 
Oslo, Norway, next summer. Our offering 
for world-wide missions amounted to $294 
and for home missions $250. About thirty 
of our young people went caroling on 
Dec. 21. On Dec. 22 the B. Y. *P. D. 
sponsored the glee club from the Wash- 
ington and Lee high school of Arlington, 
Va., in a program of Christmas music. 
Ten have been received by letter and six 
by baptism since our last report. — Mrs. 
Jacob H. Hollinger, Washington, D. C. 


Decatur. — Our new pastor, Bro. Wilbur 
M. Bantz, has begun his work with us. 
An installation service was held with 
our elder, Bro. Merlin Garber, conduct- 
ing the service. A program was pre- 
sented at the Christmas party on the eve- 
ning of Dec. 18 by the prihiary depart- 
ment under the direction of Mrs. H. P. 
Clannin. A Christmas program was also 
presented on the evening of Dec. 22 by the 
juniors, the intermediates and the choir. 
This program was directed by Mrs. Arvel 
Landes. A double wedding took place in 
the church on the afternoon of Dec. 22 
when Earl Traughber, Jr., and Lois Eagel- 
ton and James Seitz and Jeanette Smith 
were united in marriage. More than 
fifty people have been received into the 
church either by baptism or letter dur- 
ing the year. On Oct. 27 the Manchester 
College male quartet presented an evening 
program. Eighteen of our young people 
went Christmas caroling on Christmas 
morning. During the month of January 
we are having Sunday evening mission 
study. We expect to close our school of 
missions by having Bro. Leland Brubaker 
with us for an all-day meeting on Feb. 
2; at this time we will observe Brethren 
day in the church. Neighboring churches 
are invited to attend the afternoon and 
evening services. Four of the women of 
the church are planning to give on inter- 
racial Sunday the play. We Call It 
Freedom. — Earl H. Traughber, Decatur, 

Lanark. — Bro. Jesse H. Ziegler of Beth- 
any was our minister for October. Bro. 
John Masterson of Forreston, 111., gave us 
a report of his trip with a boatload of 
horses for relief. On Nov. 3 we observed 
harvest and home-coming Suijday with 
a basket dinner and a reception for our 
new pastor, Bro. Clifford Paul, and his 
family. Bro. Paul was also chosen elder 
at our business meeting on Dec. 12. 
Our communion was held Nov. 10. Our 
pastor attended a three-day national con- 
vention on The Church in Town and 
Country at Des Moines, Iowa. A union 
Thanksgiving service was held in the 
Methodist church; William West of the 
Lutheran church was the speaker. A 
Christmas program was given by the 
children and a candlelight vesper ser- 
vice was held on Dec. 25. Eight of our 
members attended the meeting on evan- 
gelism conducted by Bro. Hartsough at 
Mount Morris. A union New Year's Eve 
watch-night service was held in our 
church for the young people of the town. 
A week of union prayer services was 
held Jan. 5-12. Our Thanksgiving offer- 
ing was $70.30 and the white-gift offering 
was $264.75. Our pastor has chosen the 
Ten Commandments as the theme of 
the morning messages. — Mrs. Virgil Roy- 
er, Lanark, 111. 

Sterling-. — Under the capable and de- 
voted leadership of our pastor and his 
wife. Brother and Sister Perry R. Hoover, 
the work of the Sterling church is pro- 
gressing steadily. We participated in the 

union Thanksgiving service this year and 
our pastor delivered the message. The 
newly organized choir has aided consid- 
erably in the worship services and helped 
in the adult Christmas program on the 
evening of Dec. 22. The children pre- 
sented their program in the morning and 
at that time various classes and organi- 
zations brought their white gifts. Many 
who are ill and shut in were remembered 
in appropriate ways. A recent family-night 
supper was held. Rev. Scheibe of the 
local Baptist church, who went to Greece 
on a relief ship, told of the aid that has 
been given and showed pictures. A num- 
ber of members have recently been (re- 
ceived by letter and baptism and some of 
the young men who were in service are 
assuming important duties in the work 
of the church here at Sterling. — Richard 
Eikenberry, Sterling, 111. 


Antiooh. — We met on Dec. 17 for our 
regular council meeting with Elder J. W. 
Miller presiding. The church voted to 
change the name of the church from 
Killbuck to Antioch. Bro. Eugene Wol- 
verton was licensed to the ministry for 
one year. Bro. Richard Moore was 
elected to the office of deacon. Our fall 
communion was held Nov. 25. Our Sun- 
day-school attendance is growing stead- 
ily. — ^Viola Hartley, Muncie, Ind. 

Arcadia. — Our love feast was held Oct. 
18, with our elder officiating. On Dec. 5 
our elder was with us in a business meet- 
ing; at this time church officers were 
elected for the coming year. On Dec. 
11 D. Alfred Replogle, our former pastor, 
gave an interesting report of his trip to 
Poland as a cowboy. The aid society has 
met once each week since the first of 
October to do relief sewing. They have 
sent two large and eight small comforters 
to New Windsor and several boxes of used 
clothing to Nappanee. At one of their 
all-day business meetings in October they 
had as their guest speaker Mrs. Frank 
Bonni, a Belgian war bride of World 
War I. In October the aid sponsored a 
fellowship supper to welcome the new 
pastor and his wife with a food shower. 
The November project for the aid was an 
auction sale, which netted $125. This 
amount will be put into the building fund. 
The men busied themselves this fall by 
putting ceilings on three Sunday-school 
rooms. The young people harvested their 
acre of corn, which netted $80. — ^Myrtle 
Belzer, Arcadia, Ind. 

Blissville. — We have a 100% Messenger 
club again this year. We have been with- 
out a pastor since Bro. Joseph resigned. 
A number of ministers have filled the pul- 
pit since our pastor left. Bro. Kenneth 
Long of the Walnut congregation was with 
us in revival services in the fall and one 
was received by baptism. Some of the 
women have helped at the canning fac- 
tory at New Paris and at the service cen- 
ter at Nappanee. The past year was the 
first year for an organized men's work at 
Blissville. They raised an acre of to- 
matoes for the canning factory at New 
Paris and also held a sale in October 
for relief. — Mrs. Ben Ecker, Walkerton, 

Blue River. — We held our annual home- 
coming and harvest services; Bro. H. U. 
Fisher of Peru, Ind., and Bro. Claude 
Leslie of Waterloo, Ind., were the speak- 
ers. The church has carried out its pro- 
gram of giving each discharged C. P. S. 
man a gift of $200. The young married 
couples of the church organized as the 
Homebuilders. They are taking over one 
Sunday evening church service each 
month, erecting directional signs on the 
main roads leading to the church and 
holding monthly meetings in which cur- 
rent church topics are discussed and new 
projects adopted. The church held a very 
successful and inspirational revival for 
two weeks, Nov. 4-17; Bro. Eldon Petry 
of North Canton, Ohio, was the evan- 
gelist. Ten were baptized. On Dec. 12 
the church in regular council meeting 
elected Bro. L. U. Kreider as pastor and 
elder. On Dec. 22 a Christmas program 
was given in the morning and a special 
offering was taken for home relief. An 

offering amounting to $140 was taken for 
foreign relief during our regular Thanks- 
giving services. — Mrs. Robert E. Ott. Co- 
lumbia City, Ind. 

Buck Creek.— On the evening before 
Thanksgiving a number of our members 
and some neighbors and friends assembled 
at the church for a fellowship meal and 
a short praise service: Bro. Jesse Baker 
was the speaker. Our ladies' aid has 
done much relief work. Our regular 
business meeting was held on Dec. 8, 
with our elder, D. W. Bowman, officiating. 
It was decided that some remodeling 
should be done in the basement and that 
the primary department should have 
opening services in the basement. Church 
officers were elected for the coming year. 
On Dec. 22 our young people presented 
the pageant. The Empty Room. The pri- 
mary children sang Christmas carols be- 
tween the scenes. — • Mrs. Ella Oxley, 
Blountsville, Ind. 

New Salem. — The remodeling is pro- 
gressing slowly at the present time owing 
to the lack of certain building materials. 
We held our revival in October, with Bro. 
Elden Petry of Canton, Ohio, assisting 
our pastor, Bro. Howard Kreider. There 
have been six baptized and four received 
by letter recently. Two letters were 
granted. On Thanksgiving evening two of 
our young people were married at a 
church wedding. On Dec. 15 Sister Anna 
Warstler was with us in the morning and 
in the evening and showed pictures of 
her work in India. On Dec. 22 the 
Sunday-school classes of the primary de- 
partment gave several special numbers of 
music and in the evening the young peo- 
ple presented the play. Out of Darkness. 
Two of our young brethren, John and 
Glen Morehouse, left recently to accom- 
pany a boatload of cattle to China. We 
have a 100% Messenger club again this 
year. The ladies' aid is doing relief sew- 
ing and making comforters. — Damaris 
Morehouse, Milford, Ind. 

Second South Bend. — Our former pas- 

Needless to say, he 
is thinking about 

tor, Bro. Edward Stump, has resigned. 
A farewell party was given for Brother 
and Sister Stump. They have been serv- 
ing us for the past eighteen years. Our 
pulpit has been supplied every Sunday 
morning and evening by J. W. Grater, 
David Cripe or Claude Ullery, our retired 
brethren, or by visiting brethren. Brother 
and Sister Litton of Martinsburg, W. Va., 
have accepted the pastorate and will be- 
gin their duties with us on March 1, 
1947. Bro. Blaine Carbenner and his wife 
were called to the office of deacon. Our 
church observes a meal-of -mercy day once 
a month. Our ladies' aid meets every 
two weeks and is very busy quilting and 
sewing for relief. On the evening of 
Jan. 6 the men entertained the wives and 
children at a dinner and program, which 
included a fine, challenging address by 
Rev. W. E. Allen of Mishawaka, Ind. — 
Mrs. C. H. Stanley, South Bend. Ind. 

Walnut. — At our fall council meeting 
Bro. Kreider was re-elected elder. Bro. 
Glen Weimer was our fall evangelist, and 
as a result of the meetings, three were 
baptized. Our communion services were 
held on Monday evening following the 
close of the revival. While our pastor, 
Bro. Kenneth Long, was away holding re- 
vival meetings at Blissville and Turkey 
Creek, Bro. H. A. Clabaugh preached at 
the morning services and Brethren 
Charles Morris, David Ockerman and 
Arthur Hess of Manchester College at the 
evening meetings. Special Thanksgiving 
services were held on the evening before 
Thanksgiving; the children brought toys 
for the Puerto Rican children and the 
adults gifts of money and canned food. 
The board of Christian education has set 
up a home department. The ladies' aid 
is doing relief sewing and the men's work 
has been doing some work on the parson- 
age farm. All of the young men from our 
church have now returned from C. P. S. 
and the service with the exception of Ora 
Bolinger, who was killed in Belgium. 
During this last quarter we have had two 


By Gxietzkow and Bowman 

"Unquestionably one of the most significant writings of the 
season. It makes vivid reading and deserves the widest circulation." 
— The Christian Advocate. 

"The facts this book presents are required information for those 
who would think intelligently concerning the world in which we 
live." — Between Bookends. 

"The book is a fine combination of scientific reporting and human 
sensitivity, and should be circulated widely among ministers and 
lay people. . . . We also hope it will find wide use in the institutes 
and conferences where youth and young adults study and discuss 
famine and its prevention or cure." — Michigan Christian Advocate. 

Illustrated, per copy $1.00 


Relocation Service . . . 

This column is conducted as a service to 
our people. We reserve the right to edit 
and reject. Since we cannot investigate 
each item no responsibility is assumed by 
the Gospel Messenger or Brethren service. 
When answering write Brethren Service 
Committee, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., re- 
ferring to notice by number. Allow at 
least three weeks for a notice to appear. 

No. 210. 125-acre farm in New Jersey 
will be operated as a co-operative, with 
perhaps a managing paid farmer. Oppor- 
tunity for either joining the co-operative 
group or applying for the position as 
managing farmer. 

marriages, four deaths, three accessions 
by baptism and one by letter. Our Christ- 
mas program and pageant was given on 
the Sunday evening before Christmas. 
Following the program the young people, 
accompanied by our pastor and his wife, 
went caroling. A school of missions wiU 
be held during January or February. — 
Mrs. Earl Bolinger, Argos, Ind. 


Indian Creek.— At our November fellow- 
ship night Mary Dadisman, missionary on 
furlough from Africa, was our guest 
speaker. During October and November 
our stewardship collection amounted to 
$210 and was applied on our parsonage 
debt. On Dec. 12 our church entertained 
the women's sectional meeting of this 
district. Mrs. N. W. McBeth, president 
of the women's council of Iowa, was the 
guest speaker. A new deacon. Burr 
Shull, with his wife was installed by Bro. 
Ross Noffsinger and J. D. Brower. Bro. 
Ed Murray of Marshalltown presented 
moving pictures taken by himself while 
he was on a trip to Poland with a boat- 
load of horses. Some needed repairs have 
been made at the church this fall, in- 
cluding painting the basement walls. We 
bought new white oilcloth for all the 
tables and new curtains for the windows. 
We have recently papered the kitchen at 
the parsonage and put new linoleum on 
the kitchen floor. The ladies' aid bought 
the material and several of the members 
did the work. Our Sunday school pre- 
sented a short Christmas program on the 
morning of Dec. 22. As a Christmas gift 
to our pastors, Brother and Sister J. D. 
Brower, the members gave them a gro- 
cery shower at the close of our Christmas 
service. Several of our group joined 
with other church groups of the town in 
giving a pantomime at the Presbyterian 
church on the evening of Dec. 22. — Fern 
Shull, Maxwell, Iowa. 


Buckeye. — We have bought and installed 
a new gas furnace. Our district confer- 
ence was held here. Our love feast was 
held on the evening of Nov. 2. Nov. 24 
was home-coming and birthday Sunday: 
Dr. Burton Metzler of McPherson College 
preached both morning and afternoon. 
Music was furnished by a girls' quartet 
from the college. An offering was taken 
for missions. A Christmas program was 
given by the Sunday school on the 
evening of Dec. 22. The aid society has 
been busy making new clothing and re- 
pairing used clothing for European re- 
lief. Our pastor, Bro. Ward Nance, vol- 
unteered as an attendant on a cattle boat 
and went to Greece. His son. Robert 
Nance, of Chowchilla, Calif., filled the 
pulpit each Sunday during his father's 
absence. Bro. Ward Nance handed in his 
resignation as pastor of our church to 
become effective June 1. 1947. We are 
sorry to see Brother and Sister Nance 
leave our church and community. They 
have been here over three years and will 
be greatly missed. — Mrs. Enoch Derrick, 
Abilene. Kansas. 

Calesburg. — We held our annual birth- 



FEBRUARY 1. 1947 


day dinner and offering recently. The 
offering goes to the Old Folks Home at 
Darlow, Kansas. Two of our young girls 
were baptized. We met in council vrith 
our elder, Bro. G. A. Zook, presiding; 
church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Bro. Zook was re-elected as eld- 
er. The Sunday-school attendance for 
the past year has increased. We have 
started having Bible study and have been 
studying the life of Paul. The young 
people's Christmas party was held at 
the Jones'. The young people presented 
the play. Strangers Came to Bethlehem, 
on the Sunday evening before Christmas. 
—Mrs. W. S. Anderson, Thayer, Kansas. 

Flat Creek — Six were baptized since 
our last report. Almost every Saturday 
night preaching services have been held 
in one of the homes. Often prayer meet- 
ings are held in the homes of various 
members by the people themselves be- 
tween services. The Sunday school has 
almost doubled in size. A new class has 
been started with one of our new mem- 
bers as the teacher. One member was 
added to the church by letter. Janette 
Rohrer, Phyllis Chambers, Kenneth Wamp- 
ler and Dean Rohrer, all of Manchester 
College, spent the Thanksgiving vacation 
with us and took part in our services. 
Brethren Arthur Long and WiUie Wey- 
bright of Northern Indiana were also 
with us that week end. They came to 
bring a cow and a calf, which were given 
by the Blissville church of that district. A 
new barn and corn crib have been 
built on the parsonage property. On 
Christmas morning we met at the church 
for a short but impressive service in 
which a number gave testimonies. Our 
elder, Bro. Manly Deeter, is spending the 
winter in Florida. This winter our ladies' 
aid is meeting at the parsonage for their 
regular meetings and to sew for relief. 
We have a 100% Messenger club again 
this year. Miss Iva Frantz of Sunfield, 
Mich., has been chosen as one of our 
permanent workers. — Mareta Shrider, 
Creekville, Ky. 

Longmeadow. — Our love feast was held 
on Oct. 26. Visiting ministers were 
Brethren Roy K. Miller of Gettysburg, 
Pa., E. Austin Cooper of Burkittsville, 
Md., and Ralph Rarick of HoUidaysburg, 
Pa. Bro. Miller officiated. Our Thanks- 
giving service was well attended and an 
offering of $57 was given for home mis- 
sions. On Dec. 1 the ministerial board 
took the voice of the church to license 
Bro. Labon Strite to the ministry. A 
licensing service followed. On Dec. 
18 a group of sixteen from our church 
met at the cannery of Amos Miller, a 
Mennonite brother, and canned 1,815 cans 
of beef and beef and rice soup for relief. 
The young people presented a play on the 
evening of Dec. 22. The children of the 
Sunday school presented their program 
preceding the play. On Dec. 29 Bro. Strite 
brought us his first message. The Sunday 
school has given $100 for the seed project. 
.Sister Thelma Strite, one of our young 
people, has recently completed a year of 
service at New Windsor. The young 
people enjoyed a party on New Year's 
Eve. Bro. Charles Byers brought our 
morning message on Jan. 5. The young 
people recently contributed $60 for the 
district B. Y. P. D. heifer project. The 
women are active doing relief sewing and 
making soap.— Pearl Petre, Hagerstown, 

Baltle Creek.— We held a dedication 
service for our new hymnals and book- 
racks. At the council meeting officers 
were elected for the coming year. In- 
stallation and consecration services were 
held for the new officers. Several from 
here attended the regional conference at 
Manchester. Our evangelistic meetings 
were held Oct. 21— Nov. 5; Bro. Medford 
Neher of Defiance, Ohio, was the evan- 
gelist. Three were added to the church 

by baptism. Our love feast was held on 
the evening of Nov. 5. Our aid recently 
held a bazaar which netted $91.40. On 
the evening of Dec. 22 a sacred dramatic 
Christmas cantata was presented by the 
senior, junior and temple choirs. — ^Flor- 
ence M. Snow, Battle Creek, Mich. 

Beaver ton. — Sister Sara Halladay was 
with us on Nov. 24 and gave her lecture. 
What Time Is It? Our church co-operated 
with the Beaverton churches for the 
Thanksgiving service. Bro. J. O. Winger 
held a two -week revival beginning Dec. 
2. There were fifteen converts and one 
was reclaimed. Two had made their de- 
cision previously. Our children pre- 
sented the Christmas program on Sunday 
morning followed by the white gift offer- 
ing. The evening service was a cantata 
given by the choir. Our watch service 
was postponed because of icy roads but 
the B. Y. P. D. had a meeting, a sleigh ride 



Now to read... 


Clovis G. Chappell $1.50 

Vivid word pictures of the faces il- 
luminated by the cross. 


Charles C. Ellis $1.00 

Seeks the meaning of the days of Pas- 
sion Week for us. March Brethren Min- 
isters' Book Club selection. ^ 


Robert E. Speer $2.50 

The author finds in Christ the solution 
of all human problems. 


John Henry Strong $1.35 

A book to strengthen and deepen your 
prayer life. 


DeWitt L. Miller $1.00 

Shows how the Master can help us to 
live more like the Master Teacher. 


John F. Scott $1.00 

A new and helpful book dealing with 
the Lord's Prayer. 


Earl L. Martin $2.00 

February selection of the Brethren 
Ministers'^ Book Club. 

Order your hooks from — 


and a chili supper. Jan. 1 marked the 
fiftieth" wedding anniversary of Brother 
and Sister Jerome Kintner. Jan. 4 ends 
three years of Brother and Sister E. S. 
HoUinger's labors at this place. In those 
three years forty-six have been baptized 
and three reclaimed. We are looking for- 
ward to another year of blessings with 
them as our leaders. — Jessie Ohmart, 
Beaverton, Mich. 

- Root River. — The ladies of Root River 
spent several days painting, papering and 
cleaning the parsonage. The men also 
helped by sanding the floors. Bro. Alvin 
Kintner is serving our church as pastor. 
Bro. Crumpacker and his wife spent Oct. 
3 and 4 with us, giving talks and show- 
ing slides on China. An offering was 
lifted for relief. On Dec. 12 our ladies' 
aid held its Christmas party. Our book. 
Cross Over Africa, has, been completed. 
On Oct. 19 a sectional women's meeting 
was held with Eliza Miller as director and 
Ruth Shriver as the speaker. An offering 
of $37.83 was lifted for the district wom- 
en's work. On Oct. 20 Bro. Kintner and 
his wife were with us for our love feast. 
On Nov. 24 a Sunday-school birthday sup- 
per was held. A short program was 
given. On Thanksgiving Day special 
services were held at eleven o'clock. The 
ladies' aid held a food sale and bazaar 
at Harmony on Dec. 7. About $230 was 
cleared. On the evening of Dec. 22 our 
Christmas program was given. On Dec. 
27 we held our annual council meeting. 
The women have completed sixty new 
Russian, shirts and have collected 398 
quarts of canned food, 18',i pounds of feed 
sacks, 7 pounds of soap, 9 pounds of 
candles, 96'/^ pounds of used clothing, 
felt hats and shoes and two comforters 
for relief. Fifty-one Christmas packages 
were mailed to Puerto Rico and $50 was 
sent for an X-ray machine for the Cas- 
taiier general hospital in Puerto Rico. — 
Mrs. Rebecca Alexander, Preston, Minn. 


Cabool. — ^The district meeting was held 
in our church. Bro. Elrod of McPherson, 
Kansas, was the guest speaker. Since 
our last report, two letters of membership 
have been granted. At our fall council 
the pension plan was presented and ap- 
proved. An offering has been sent for 
the benefit of pensioned ministers. Plans 
are being made for series of meetings 
for the next two years. Bro. Adkins has 
been retained as pastor and elder. He has 
served the church for nineteen years. A 
love feast was held Oct. 16. Bro. Adkins 
attended the conference at New Wind- 
sor, Md., bringing interesting reports back 
to our church. One of our former mem- 
bers. Sister Ingram, passed away recently. 
A father and son banquet was held in 
October with Rev. Wolfe, pastor of the 
Methodist church of Houston, Mo., as the 
guest speaker. On the evening of Dec. 
21 a white gift service was held. A loud 
speaker was used to broadcast Christmas 
hymns for half an hour previous to the 
program. White gift packages were pre- 
sented by both children and adults. An 
offering of seventy-five dollars was also 
received; the offering and the gifts will be 
sent to Puerto Rico. A New Year's Eve 
fellowship and hymn sing were held Dec. 
31. — Mrs. J. A. Rust, Cabool, Mo. 

Mineral Creek. — We have received six 
new members by baptism and two by 
letter. This fall sufficient funds have 
been paid in to free the church farm of 
debt. The young people are co-operating 
with other young folks of the community 
in a Sunday evening devotional service. 
Christmas and other special days have 
been observed by a special program. Both 
the young people and the adults worked 
together on these services. The adults 
met in the church basement for an 
evening of fellowship before Christmas. 
Money was contributed to our seed fund 
instead of exchanging gifts. The Sunday 
school has also contributed to this fund. 
The Sunday school also gave money for 
gifts for Puerto Rico. The church gave ai 
special Christmas offering for general 
missions. Plans are being made to co- 
operate with the districT ) a the heifer proj- 

ect. The church plans to make a collec- 
tion of clothing for relief also. Last 
spring we sent one hundred thirty pairs of 
shoes for relief. The women of the 
church are giving material to make com- 
forters for relief. The aid will make 
the comforters. The aid has made ten 
quilts and four quilted comforters dur- 
ing the past year. Our Messenger agent 
reports a 100% Messenger club again this 
year. We are adding new books to our 
library and have received several as gifts. 
— Florence Bray, Leeton, Mo. 

Akron, Easfvrood. — We held our council 
meeting on Dec. 27, with Elder George 
Strausbaugh presiding. During the ab- 
sence of our pastor, Bro. Wilmer Petry, 
who conducted evangelistic meetings in 
West Virginia and Ohio, our pulpit was 
filled by Rev. Walters, Rev. George Rymer, 
Rev. C. H. Pike and Sister Goldie Swartz. 
Our Sunday-school children presented a 

Christmas program on the morning of 
Dec. 22, and the young people's and young 
adult classes with the assistance of the 
church choir presented a pageant in the 
evening. On Christmas Eve a group of 
the members went caroling and a number 
of shut-ins and sick were visited. We are 
planning some visual-aid programs for 
January and February. We have received 
two by baptism. Our love feast will be 
held April 15. — Cecile Remsburg, Akron, 

Bristolville. — We have a new resident 
minister, Bro. D. E. Sower. Since the 
arrival of Bro. Sower, there has been a 
definite increase in the attendance at 
our services. A choir has been organized 
and they have been giving special num- 
bers each Sunday. In October the ladies' 
aid society held its annual supper and 
bazaar at the church. On Dec. 14 family 
niglit was observed with a covered-dish 
supper and a period of social activity. 
On the evening of Dec. 22 the children 

The Proof of a Book Club 

Is in the Books Selected 

About one year ago the Brethren Ministers' Book Cluh was organized 
to offer a balanced selection of books of interest to ministers of the Church 
of the Brethren. The titles listed below are the record for the eleven 
months just past. They are the pledge of quality to come. 

For May, 1946 


D. Elton Trueblood Price, $1.00 

Recognized as a significant interpreta- 
tion of the Ten Commandments as basic 
to the reconstruction of our world. 

For June 

George A. Buttrick Price, $2.00 

"Its truth is searching, its faith con- 

-tagious and its language stimulating. . . . 

A superb book for a day like ours." 

For July 


Nelson Glueck Price, $3.50 

A first rank archeologist reconstructs 
the story of the Jordan River valley. Re- 
productions of about one hundred photo- 

For August 


Frank A. Lindhorst Price, $1.00 

A book that will help the minister to 
understand his opportunities as a Chris- 
tian educator. 

For September 

Rufus M. Jones and Others Price, $1.00 

Twelve Christian leaders who have been 
aneeting annually for fellowship in prayer 
tell what these occasions have meant to 

For October 


Arthur C. Archibald Price, $2.00 

"More than a treatise on the technique 
of evangelism. It is that plus the inspira- 
tion that must go with a successful pro- 
gram of evangelism." 

For November 


W. Arthur Faus Price, $1.75 

A pastor's stimulating study of the 
prophets, not to be agreed with in every 
respect, but helpful toward a clearer un- 
derstanding of the great men of old. 

For December 


Mildred Lee Price, $2.50 

A story of a minister in a small town, 
and the average people who lived there, 
by the daughter of a minister. 

For January, 1947 


Henry Sloane Coifin Price, $2.00 

"A source book for leaders of services 

of worship, with special interest for the 


For February 


Earl L. MaHin Price, $2.00 

A stimulating book of meditations on 
the meaning of the cross. 

For March 


Charles C. Ellis Price, $1.00 

One by one Dr. Ellis writes of the days 

of the Passion Week in terms of their 

meaning for us today. 

Th« lUt price of thes« eleven bookt U $19.75. To Church of the Brethren 
ministers the Ciab Fund price is $15.80. 

More than one hundred and seventy ministers now belong to the 
Brethren Ministers' Book Club. Those not members are invited to save 
time hunting books and money buying books by joining the club. Send 
your name and address today! 



and the choir presented a Christmas pro- 
gram. A varied program of song and 
recitations was presented. There was a 
treat for the children. — Dorothy Holko, 
Bristolville, Ohio. 

Covington. — Our missionary society had 
a short service with two or three shut- 
ins. We are planning that one of our 
monthly meetings shall again be of this 
nature. A special all-day service was held 
in recognition of all who have served in 
the past years. The afternoon message 
was given by Bro. E. R. Fisher of Trot- 
wood. A pantomime. Strange Days, was 
given Oct. 13 by our recently organized 
intermediate department. As a result of 
a visitation-evangelism program in Cov- 
ington forty members were added to the 
church, fifteen by baptism, on the morn- 
ing of Oct. 6. The ladies of our church 
have spent several days doing relief sew- 
ing. Our annual Christmas missionary 
meeting was held Dec. 11. As a special 
Christmas project we had a baby shower 
for relief. On the morning of Dec. 22, In 
addition to the message by our pastor, 
Bro. Shank, the children gave a short 
program. In the evening a program of 
Christmas music was given. — Edith A. 
Deeter, Covington, Ohio. 

Donnels Creek. — Bro. Robert Sherfy of 
the New Carlisle church conducted our 
revival meetings the last week of Novem- 
ber. Six were baptized and two re- 
ceived by letter. Our baptismal services 
and communion were held on the even- 
ing of Dec. 7. Our quarterly birthday 
supper was held on t>ec. 19. On the 
following Sunday morning the primary 
department gave a Christmas program and 
received a treat from the Sunday school. 
The young people gave the cantata. The 
Prince of Peace, on Sunday evening. The 
aid society sponsored a Christmas bake 
sale. The missionary society and the 
ladies' aid have been doing relief work. 
— Mrs. Janet E. Kadel, New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Eaton. — Several of our members helped 
with the work on the new Turkey Creek 
church, Ky. On Dec. 1 Mrs. Paul Halla- 
day of North Manchester, Ind., gave us 
an excellent talk and showed pictures on 
peace and temperance. On Dec. 3 our 
pastor and his wife, Brother and Sister L. 
John Weaver, were blessed with a little 
daughter, Margaret Feme. Bro. William 
Deaton and his son, John, and Cyrus 
Kiracofe and his son, Harold, left here 
on Dec. 5 for New Orleans, where they 
will be among the attendants on a cattle 
boat leaving for Shanghai, China. They 
plan to be gone four months. The county 
Prince of Peace contest was held in the 
Methodist church on Dec. 8; Bernice 
Loser was the representative of our 
church. The children's Christmas pro- 
gram was given on Dec. 14. The ladies' 
chorus sponsored a phristmas pageant 
and candlelighting service on the evening 
of Dec. 15. Tli€ Homebuilders class 
adopted a needy colored family for their 
Christmas project. On the afternoon of 
D4c. 22 we gave a program at the Green- 
ville home and presented the guests with 
fruit and cookies. — Mrs. Walter Denlinger, 
Eaton, Ohio. 

Freeburg. — Brother and Sister I. R. 
Beery of Bellefontaine, Ohio, have been 
elected as our new pastors. On Oct. 20 
Bro. Beery began a two weeks' revival 
meeting. Ten were baptized and one was 
received by letter. The meeting was 
closed with our communion service. Our 
council meeting was held Nov. 25, with 
our elder. George Strausbaugh, presiding. 
Three heifers were sent by our church 
for relief. Virgil Culler showed us pic- 
tures which he took while on a trip 
through the Western states. A parson- 
age fund has been started. The Christ- 
mas pageant. Golden Gifts, was presented 
at the church on Dec. 22. On New Year's 
Eve the adult class of the Sunday school 
held a pound social at the home of our 
pastor. Our Sunday school recently gave 
eighty dollars to a family whose home 
burned to tlie ground. — Mrs. D. O. Hahn, 
Paris. Ohio. 

Union City.— Bro. D. G. Berkebile. who 

FEBRUARY 1, 1947 


has given ten years of fine service to our 
church and community, continues as pas- 
tor and elder. Our love feast was held 
on World Communion Sunday with Bro. 
Dean Frantz of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, offici- 
ating. Six were baptized at the close of 
a two-week revival effort which was 
conducted by Bro. C. H. Petry of the 
East Dayton church. Special services 
were held after school for the children of 
the community. The young people of our 
church presented the play, The Christian 
Family Brown, and repeated it in sev- 
eral sister churches. Nearly $200 was 
contributed by the congregation toward 
I the pension fund. Our Christmas offer- 
ing for relief amounted to $307. The 
children's Christmas offering for Joel 
Eikenberry, our Africa mission project, 
totaled $18.50. Our aid society, has sewed 
two dozen skirts for relief, and has sent 
several boxes of mended clothing to our 
Dayton relief center. During the holi- 
days Dallas Oswalt and Richard Weimer 
showed colored slides taken on their trip 
to Europe on a cattle boat. Bro. Glen 
Stocksdale showed movies of a similar 
trip. We co-operated in an interdenom- 
inational city-wide Thanksgiving service 
and also two World Week of Prayer ser- 
vices. A miscellaneous Christmas pro- 
gram was given by the choruses directed 
by Dorothy and Edna Dawson. — ^Rachel 
Erbaugh Keltner, Union City, Ind. 


Ambler. — Our communion service was 
well attended. Four members were re- 
cently received into our fellowship by 
baptism. The ladies' aid society has con- 
tributed much to the relief program. 
Sixteen of our young people attended the 
district youth rally held in the Brooklyn 
church. The guiding influence of our 
elder, Irwin S. Hoffer, has kept this 
church in peace and unity. We appre- 
ciate the capable leadership of our pastor. 
Glen E. Norris. Our church attendance is 
steadily increasing.— Elizabeth Rosenber- 
ger Blough, Ambler, Pa. 

Nokesville. — Since our last report three 
have been baptized and one has been re- 
ceived by letter. Bro. Jesse Ziegler was 
with us for a week's preaching mission. 
Bro. Eugene NoUey was ordained and 
Bro. Ervin Block was licensed to the 
ministry. At the December council our 
pastor and his wife were ordained to the 
eldership. Wallace Wood was recently 
elected to the office of deacon. Our 
home-coming service closed with our 

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oui Questions 


Question 1. Where can I get a good paper or magazine which 
stands up for the ideals of the Brethren home? 

Answer: The Gospel Messenger, the official organ of the Church 
of the Brethren, is such a paper. 

Question 2. Where can we get the latest information about our 
mission program and the activities of Brethren Service? 

Answer: The Gospel Messenger has a department devoted to 
Our Mission Work and a department carrying the latest news about 
Brethren Service. 

Question 3. We would like to know more about methods of church 
work. Where can we get some help? 

Answer: Week hy week the Church at Work department of the 
Gospel Messenger takes up some problem or theme and gives spe- 
cific suggestions. 

Question 4. Is there some way to unify group thinking and so 
increase loyalty in the local congregation? 

Answer: Encourage the members of your congregation to read 
the church paper. It can be made to furnish a common denominator 
for thought and action. 

Question 5. How can the people of our congregation meet and 
associate with others of like interest and faith? 

Answer: Every week your church paper, by way of the printed 
page, will introduce you to people worth knowing. Among them 
will be ministers, teachers, writers and leaders. There will also be 
news of the mem,bers of the great Messenger family. 

• P. S. If interested in the great door of opportunity available 
through a wider reading of your church paper, please write to 
the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois, for information 
about the 100% Gospel Messenger club plan. 



semiannual love feast. Sister Rachel Zig- 
ler of the India mission field was the 
speaker at the women's missionary serv- 
ice this fall. The offering amounted to 
$150. The total giving for the year for 
all purposes was a little more than $10,000, 
about $4,000 of which was for Brethren 
service. A school of Christian living was 
conducted at our church this fall for the 
Oakton, Manassas, Valley, and Nokesville 
churches. Recent guest speakers, includ- 
ing speakers at the school of Christian 
living, have been M. E. Clingenpeel of 
Oakton, Donald Royer of Luray, Conrad 
Snavely and Paul Swigart of Manassas 
and John Metzler of New Windsor. Ex- 
cavation for our new church building has 
been completed and construction of the 
basement walls is in progress. — Mrs. Syl- 
via S. Godfrey, Nokesville, Va. 

Wenatchee. — Five churches and seven 
service clubs combined their efforts on a 
heifers-for-relief drive recently. They 
collected $1,493, one third of which was 
from our OW31 church. At present the 
junior department headed by Orville 
Booth, their superintendent, is showing 
much interest in raising money to buy a 
heifer. The women have donated time 
and labor to the Brethren service cannery 
in Wenatchee Valley, and the young peo- 
ple have enjoyed many canning and label- 

ing parties. The result was the filling of 
33,000 cans of food. In November the 
Maas organ chimes with power amplifica- 
tion were installed in our church. The 
young people sang carols on Christmas 
Eve over the system. An organ will be 
added as soon as they are on the market. 
During Thanksgiving week Bro. Rufus 
Bowman brought us an interesting mes- 
sage each evening leading up to our an- 
nual harvest meeting on the first Sunday 
of December; $11,000 was given in the 
thank offering for the general work of the 
church. The following weeic our pastor, 
Bro. Charles Zunkel, Bro. Bowman and 
Ross Heminger attended the biennial 
meeting of the Federal Council of Church- 
es in Seattle. On Dec. 4 the women of 
the church served their annual turkey 
dinner to about 300 people. Their bazaar 
was also held at this time and the com- 
bined efforts netted the women's work 
$800. The 100% Messenger club is again 
in effect. — Icel Keim, Wenatchee, Wash. 

West Virginia 
Oakvale. — Bro. J. E. Barton of Brad- 
shaw, Va., pastor and elder of the Oak- 
vale church, held his regular appoint- 
ment on Dec. 14 and 15. We had a Christ- 
mas program and tree on Christmas Eve. 
Our Sunday school and prayer meetings 
are still in progress. — Fannie Boothe, 
Oakvale, W. Va. 





lume 96 

r I:JDI^'■ '/-M\ t O, \ M7 



"The same Lord is Lord of all and be- 
stows his riches upon all who call upon 
him," "Here there cannot be Greek and 
Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, bar- 
barian, Scythian, slave, iree man, but 
Christ is all, and in all" (Revised Standard 

Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

H. A. BRANDT - - - Associate Editor 
ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. Pub- 
lished weekly by the Brethren Publishing 
House, E. M. Hersch, General Manager, 
16-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.50 per 
annum in advance. Life subscription, $25; 
husband and wife, $30. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, 111., as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for mailing at special 
rate of postage provided for in section 
1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized 
August 20, 1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

FEBRUARY 8, 1947 
Volume 96 Number 6 

Oh IhU Humoeh, . . . 

Cover Page . . Courtesy of Dan Kavanaugh 

Editorial — 

Around the World (E.W.) 2 

Fifty Years Ago an Editor Wrote About 

Race (D.W.B.) 3 

A Brotherhood Farm (D.W.B.) 4 

Thinlcing About the News (D.W.B.) ..... 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16, 17 

With Our Schools 17 

About Books 24 

The General Forum — 

He Ain't Heavy; He's My Brother 5 

We Stand With Lincoln. Maeanna 

Cheserton-Mangle 5 

Two Worlds. Mary Fujii 6 

Brotherhood in a Brotherhood Age. 

Joshua Loth Liebman 8 

Asking (Verse). Paul E. Miller 9 

Zigzagging Through Dixie. A. Ritchie 

Low 10 

Visit to Schvirarzenau and Sweden 11 

A Seven-point Program for Brethren. 

Harper S. Will .....13 

The Church Must Become a Brotherhood. 

Ralph E. Diffendorfer 15 

Walking With God Today. Edward Kru- 

sen Ziegler 15 

Our Mission Work — 

1 Begin My Forty Years in India. Ernest 

M. ShuU .......18 

Farewell to Native Land (Verse). Merle 

A. Bowman 19 

Here and There in Missions 19 

Brethren Service — 

New Projects Open in Europe 20 

Information and Inspiration . . j 20 

With Our Relief Team in Poland 21 

Your Gifts Are Not in Vain 21 

Grease for Peace 21 

The Church at Work — 

Home Visitation Evangelism 22 

With the Minister. H. L. Hartsough 22 


AlMutdtUe WoaU 

The Christian Endeavor move- 
ment will not hold a meeting in 
any city in which its Negro mem- 
bers will be segregated. 

Relief supplies shipped to Japan 
by Church World Service were 
among the emergency goods sent 
to the earthquake -hit areas of that 

A bill making illegal the exist- 
ence of the Ku Klux Klan, Colum- 
bians and similar "hate" organiza- 
tions in the state of Indiana has been 
introduced into the legislature of 
that state. 

Sevenly-nine French orphans 

have been adopted by the employees 
of the Book-of-the-Month Club. Two 
packages of food and clothing are 
sent to each orphan each month. 
Fifteen employees, who contribute 
ten cents a week, are responsible for 
one of the children. In addition, the 
executives of the club have adopted 
individual orphans. • 

The drive toward maintenance of 
an expanded military estahlishm,ent 
can serve only to provoke interna- 
tional armament competition, to 
pervert the thinking of our youth 
and our people as a whole and to 
impede international co-operation 
and joint action through the United 
Nations. Moreover, in an era of 
atomic energy it affords no assur- 
ance of actual protection against at- 
tack. Our basic assurance against 
those lines can come only through 
international acceptance of the 
principles of the United Nations. 

Our legitimiate military needs can 
he fully met by voluntary enlist- 
ment and elimination of ohstaxiles 
which have prevented full success 
of the methods of voluntary recruit- 
ment. Such obstacles include the 
caste system in the services, the low 
pay scale of enlisted men and dis- 
crim,ination practiced with respect 
to enlisted men; now, therefore, he 

Resolved, That this convention 
expresses its opposition to peace- 
time military conscription. It re- 
affirms its recognition of the urgen- 
cy of establishing full co-operation 
and understanding among all na- 
tions, and particularly among the 
Big Three, to the end that world 
peace may be assured through full 
and open co-ioperation in the United 
Nations. — From Resolutions of the 
Eighth CIO Convention, November 

A poll of the student body of 
North Carolina State University dis- 
closed a favorable attitude toward 
the admission of Negro students. 

Graduate, qualified Negro nurses 

may now' become members of the 
Tennessee State Nurses Association. 
This ruling was passed at the last 
meeting of the association. 

Twelve Negroes were admitted to 
membership in the American Col- 
lege of Surgeons in December. Only 
five Negroes had previously been 

Dr. Chien Shiung-wu of Shanghai, 
nuclear fission research scientist- at 
Columbia University, is one of the 
ten "young women of the year" 
to receive Mademoiselle magazine 
merit awards for outstanding 
achievement in 1946. 

Every organized church in Vance 
County, N. C, will benefit to the ex- 
tent of $100 by the will of Sigmund 
F. Teiser, a Jewish department store 
owner of Henderson, N. C. Since 
Negro churches are more numerous, 
they will benefit the most. 

Three Protestant ministers and a 

Roman Catliolic nun are among the 
ten Chicagoans named by the Chi- 
cago Council Against Racial and Re- 
ligious Discrimination for achieving 
"victories in democracy in Chicago- 
land" in 1946. 

An interracial church, the Trinity 
Baptist, will be built in Los Angeles 
to minister to the cultural and spir- 
itual needs of the Negro, Japanese 
and white residents. According to 
the plans of the pastor. Dr. Jonathan 
Gaston, the church will fight disease, 
crime and delinquency. 

Presbyterian churches should ad- 
mii persons regardless of race, was 
the decision reached by the Philadel- 
phia Presbytery after a city-wide 
survey of interracial relations. This 
survey was undertaken in co-opera- 
tion with the board of Christian 
education of the Presbyterian Church 
in the U. S. A. 

The development of a large Negro 
reading public, Negro self-expres- 
sion and a growing interest in Ne- 
gro'-white relations are major trends 
in the book trade in the last twenty 
years. At first there was interest in 
the cultural contributions of the Ne- 
gro, then white writers began to 
use Negroes as leading characters 
and in recent years a number of out- 
standing books have been written 
by Negroes. 


Fifty Years Ago an Editor 
Wrote About Race 

THE current widespread feel- 
ing among the Brethren 
that we should begin at 
once some significant Christian 
work among our Negro popula- 
tions is not new. Nearly fifty 
years ago J. H. Moore, who was 
then the editor of the Gospel 
Messenger, wrote an editorial 
expressing his concern and the 
concern of others that a Breth- 
ren enterprise already begun 
among Negroes should have wide 
growth. Early in 1904 Editor 
Moore wrote the following edi- 

Among the Colored People 

For some months Sister Mattie 
Cunningham has been engaged in 
mission work among the colored 
people of Palestine, Ark. Already 
the results of her efforts have be- 
come apparent. Favorable impres- 
sions have been made, and there 
are those of the colored population 
who are seeking to know more about 
the whole gospel. But our sister 
needs help. There are seven mil- 
lion colored people in the United 
States, and this is perhaps the only 
mission we have among them. We 
ought to open up work in every 
Southern state and do what we can 
to help the Negroes to a better un- 
derstanding of the gospel and the 
better way of living. There are those 
who think it is our special duty to 
carry the Bread of Life to the dark 
people on the other side of the great 
waters, but they seem little con- 
cerned about those living in our own 
country. The colored people of the 
South have our language and can be 
easily reached. What we need is the 
workers and the money. Why can- 
not we have volunteers to go to the 
South and work, as well as else- 
where? Then why cannot we raise 
money to carry the full gospel to 
the dark people of America as we 
raise money to carry on work in 
other fields? We can if we will, but 
how about the will? The General 
Mission Board needs money to carry 
on work among the Negroes. Let 
those interested respond to the de- 

Sister Cunningham, the work- 
er referred to, also wrote of the 
enterprise saying that "like the 

early followers of Jesus, those 
who hear are telling the things 
they hear — they talk it by the 
fireplace, on the street corners 
and at their work. A work has 
been started that will tell for 
God. Indications for the early 
organization of a church are 
very favorable." 

But this enterprising work, be- 
gun nearly a half century ago, 
ended without success. Bro. 
Moore's keen hope that we might 
open work in "every Southern 
state" came to nothing; we now 
have Negro work in none of 
them. Even the Arkansas be- 
ginnings have been all but for- 
gotten by both colored and 

It is interesting to inquire why 
so hopeful an undertaking 
failed. Surface reasons are easy 
to suggest: Work opened in Chi- 
na before the Arkansas project 
was fairly rooted and our inter- 
ests shifted overseas; it is always 
easier to serve away from home 
than to undertake to change hard 
situations near home; suitable 
personnel could not be secured. 
But the real reason it is difficult 
for the Brethren to carry on 
work among the Negroes is more 
subtle than this. It may be help- 
ful to try to state it. 

The problems which grow out 

of race manifest themselves as 
social problems but their root- 
ages have been and are econom- 
ic. The Brethren can derive lit- 
tle satisfaction from preaching a 
gospel of salvation to a people 
sentenced to perpetual serfdom 
unless they can see that gospel 
begin actually to change the 
lives of those to whom it is 
preached, to save men in the 
here and now as well as to save 
them eternally. Those doomed 
to hopeless serfdom likewise can 
derive little help or encourage- 
ment from a gospel which prom- 
ises brotherhood with other men 
and full sonship to the Father 
only in some far-off, different 
place while it completely ig- 
nores any such Christian appli- 
cations of salvation to the pres- 
ent time and place. Brethren 
who would be forced to preach 
such an understanding of salva- 
tion would soon lose faith in it 
themselves and consequently 
stop preaching it. Those who 
have tried it testify to that. 

Within the last two years a 
new enthusiasm has awakened 
to undertake the opening of a 
Christian work among the Ne- 
groes once more. Interestingly 
enough Arkansas was again one 
of the projected places. Getting 
some wind of it ahead of time 
a colony of prospective Negro 
Brethren began to assemble in 
Arkansas waiting hopefully for 
the coming of their teachers. The 
waiting Negroes have written 
that they are like sheep without 
a shepherd. 

The Brethren want to begin 
work among Negroes but to be- 
gin as "brethren" in this land of 
ours is not easy. The fact that 
it is very difficult should cause 
every white Christian both in 
the North and in the South a 
great deal of concern; we should 
seriously examine the depth of 
Christian convictions and under- 
standing which not only tolerate 

FEBRUARY 8. 1947 3 

but foster a second-class citizen- 
ship for part of our population. 

In the meantime the Brethren 
have made some progress in in- 
terracial matters. Brethren have 
had interracial camps and are 
planning more of them. Negroes 
and whites work together in the 
Brethren Publishing House. Ne- 
groes and whites worship togeth- 
er in certain Brethren churches 
and Negroes occasionally teach 
white children in Sunday school; 
they enjoy one another's com- 
pany and fellowship together at 
social functions. In fact, when 
the economic and educational 
deferential is removed, Brethren 
are discovering that people are 
just people no matter what their 
racial origins happen to be. 

We will not be truly deserving 
of our name Brethren, however, 
until we have done much more 
along interracial lines than has 
been achieved up to now. 
Though it will not be easy, we 
must help all races grow into 
a satisfying Christian fellow- 
ship even in the deep South. 
Many other churches are long 
strides ahead of us in this en- 

Will J. H. Moore's hope be 
realized within the next five 
years? Or within the next fifty 
years? d. w. b. 

A Brotherhood Farm 

FOR fifteen summers the Ce- 
dar Cliff farm in the Fin- 
ger Lakes region of New 
York state has become the cen- 
ter of a courageous experiment 
in democratic living. Over 
week ends the farm usually 
houses upwards of twenty guests 
who have come from various 
parts of the world. During the 
day these people work together 
co-operatively regardless of col- 
or or background in carrying for- 
ward the ordinary farm tasks. 

On Saturday night they play 
together. People from the local 
community who are sympathetic 
with such "goings on" join these 

Is This Good? 

General George C. Marshall was appointed some time ago to be 
our Secretary of State. This is generally conceded to be the most 
important office in our land next to that of the Presidency. Recently, 
since President Truman has divorced himself almost completely from 
foreign affairs and since our continued prosperity, even our continued 
existence, depends now in a very large way upon our relations with 
our brother nations of the world, it is asserted by some that the office 
of Secretary of State now surpasses the Presidency in world-wide sig- 
nificance. Certainly this office is now one of the most determinative 
in the entire world. 

General Marshall is said to be personally an excellent man; he 
has a logical mind and an aptitude for selecting competent helpers. 
We can hope that he will render far-reaching service in his new job. 

One factor concerning his appointment is a bit disturbing, how- 
ever, and since it comes as something of a culmination of a recent 
trend in American government, it is important that Christian thinkers 
be mindful of it. General Marshall is the first distinctly military man 
ever to hold the office of Secretary of State. His appointment comes 
at a time when the major duties of that office should be concentrated 
in the direction of building and maintaining a peace. For the next 
ten years at least the office could well be titled "Secretary of the Peace." 

General Marshall's entire training has been military. It is univer- 
sally accepted that military training does not prepare one for peace 
building. The question has even been raised as to whether a war- 
time President is capable of leading a nation wisely when its interests 
shift from war to peace. Many feel that England showed unusual wis- 
dom in ousting Churchill and changing premierships when the war 
had ended. 

In America we have moved our warriors one after another into 
responsible diplomatic positions while at the same time we grope 
for peace. One of the most important peace meetings yet to be held 
is scheduled for next spring in Moscow when the peace treaty for 
Germany is to be formulated. To this we will send as our negotiators 
General Marshall, Secretary of State; Lt. General W. B. Smith, our 
ambassador to the Soviet Union and General Mark Clark, U. S. deputy 
for Austrian negotiations. 

If the other nations acted similarly then England would dismiss 
Bevin and call up her leading generals and Russia would turn from 
Molotov to her generals. 

Generals achieve their ends by crushing the opposition. Superior 
force and tactical advantage are their watchwords. Peace can never 
come through massing force, through conscripting nations behind 
diplomatic maneuverings and demands, through any of the devices in 
which generals are trained. 

Can the generals we have put in power learn this? D. W. B. 



experimenters in their Saturday 
night play. 

On Sunday they go to church. 
The church they attend becomes 
an international, interracial cen- 
ter for the worship of God. More 

than 100 people have partici- 
pated in this experiment. 

Other farms like this might 
well be started. This sounds like 
an enterprise that should inter- 
est "Brethren." D. w. B. 

He llin't Heavy 

HE'S my BynER 

See cover page 

A tourist party traveling in the South came upon a little colored boy carrying another boy 
almost as large as himself. The car slowed down to get a better look at the human-interest pic- 
ture. One of the men in the front seat leaned out of the open window at his elbow and addressed 
the elder boy: 

"That boy you are carrying there," he said, "is too heavy for you." "Shucks, mister," re- 
plied the boy, "he ain't heavy; he's my brother." 

What a lesson in life this little experience teaches. Often we are averse to shouldering the 
burden of a brother in distress, because we feel that our own burdens are heavy enough with- 
out taking on someone else's problems. 

Yet, as we look at the picture, we see that although the elder boy looks as if he had all he 
could carry, he is smiling and the load seems light. He is making his brother happy. 

The Bible and the church teach us that indeed we are "our brother's keeper," and that by 
shouldering the burdens of one less fortunate than ourselves, our faces will light up with the 
sheer joy of doing a good deed for someone else. 

In on age when self-interest is perhaps at the peak of its greatest expression, we could do 
with a little more co-operation. Neighborliness and kindness give one a feeling of inner well- 
being. Lifting the load from the shoulders of another and helping him when he is in distress is 
pleasing in the sight of God. Let's try to be more helpful. 

Copyright by Don Kavanaugh 

We ^tan^ Wiik Slmcoin 

Maeanna Cheserton-Mongle 

New York City 

AMERICANS have been 
called hero worshipers. 
Perhaps we are. Hero 
-worshiping is an indulgence of 
youth, and we are young. We 
are young and we have had 
many heroes — ^men who have 
made our youthful country the 
foremost nation of the world. 

Among our heroes, there is 
one who holds a special place in 
our hearts. Abraham Lincoln, 
^whose birthday we celebrate this 
month, was more than a giant of 

He was a statesman, yes — but 
there have been many able 
statesmen. His speeches are im- 
mortal — but libraries are full of 
eloquent documents. He liber- 

ated a race and saved a nation — 
but this greatness goes even fur- 
ther than that. For beyond his 
magnificent talents, Lincoln had 
something rare and precious — a 
Christlike love for man. 

His love of man, exceeded 
only by his love of God, knew no 
boundaries — either of religion, 
race or social status. To Lin- 
coln, all men were created 
equal, and he treated them so. 
The strength of his faith forti- 
fied all who knew him. "I am 
not bound to win, but I am bound 
to be true," he said. "I am not 
bound to succeed, but I am 
bound to live up to what light I 
have. I must stand with any- 
body that stands right." 

Such thoughts must inspire 
any man who cherishes moral 
integrity and social justice. Such 
devotion to Christian ideals is a 
challenge to us. 

Where, then, do we stand? 
• Not with those who preach 
race hatred and religious bigot- 
ry. Not with those who sow 
suspicion and discord among 
their fellow men. Not with 
those who seek power for them- 
selves through the servitude of 
others. No, we stand, rather, on 
the side of God, on the side of 
justice, on the side of human 
rights and brotherhood. We 
stand with Lincoln. 

FEBRUARY 8, 1947 5 

TONIGHT I stand on a wall. 
Behind me are my parents 
with Oriental ideas. Be- 
fore me are the Americans with 
Occidental ideas. The term 
Japanese American aptly de- 
scribes my position. So tonight, 
from this vantage point, I would 
like to pass on to you what I 
have seen on both sides of the 

My parents came to America 
some thirty-five years ago. They 
brought with them only a few 
dollars and a. handful of personal 
belongings, but they also brought 
with theni an important, invis- 
ible luggage — the culture of 
tjheir homeland. However, my 
iknowledge of its content ends 
with the songs I hear, the foods 
we eat, and the holidays we ob- 
serve. I never have engaged in 
long conversations with my 
mother, because we can not un- 
derstand each other very well. 
In the eyes of my mother, I am 
movie-mad, extravagant, and 
hopelessly addicted to American 
clothes and beauty parlors. To 
her I am an American. Yet in 
your eyes I imagine I am Jap- 
anese, not only because of my 
Oriental features, but because I 
have inherited some of the Jap- 
anese customs and ideals which 
are strange to you. 

I stand on a wall, watching the 
Orient and the Occident existing 
as separate entities. As I look 
back to the Orient I see people 
clinging to ancestor worship, to 
rigid controls, to the pride of 
hara-kiri. Yet I cannot help but 
ask myself this question: If I 
should jump off my position and 
identify myself entirely with the 
people of the Western world, 
will they respect me as their 
equal? What of my children? 
'What will happen to them? 

My view is, of course, rather 
myopic. It, no doubt, has put 
limitations upon my under- 
standing of both the Japanese 
mind and the American mind. I 
have often looked back on the 

A Japanese American Looks at... 

Two Worlds 

Mary Fuiii 

Chicago, nilnola 

Toshio and ^^chiko watch America with critical eyes; they ask, 
"If we become Westernized, will we be accepted as equals?" 



other side of the wall to get a 
better perspective of the Orient 
. . . view the people who stand 
one step behind my parents. It 
is there that I find Michiko, a 
cousin of mine. She lives in 
Hiroshima, or at least she did. 
Four years ago when I was evac- 
uated from my home in Cali- 
fornia, I sent her a message 
through the International Red 
Cross. I received no answer. 
Then last summer, with the 
news of the atomic bomb, I tried 
once again to contact her. The 
Red Cross worker said, "Don't 
feel bacl if you do not hear 
from her immediately. She may 
be in a position where it is im- 
possible to reply." But these 
words failed to comfort me. I 
waited — waited, apprehensive of 
her fate. As days slipped into 
months, these questions gradual- 
ly emerged in my mind: Does 
this intolerable silence only in- 
dicate death, or does it convey a 
more significant, a more compre- 
hensive message? Michiko and 
I are cousins; yet to her I am an 
American; she is Japanese. 
Could it be that she pictures me 
only as a pompous victor, wait- 
ing for this opportunity to dom- 
inate her, to force upon her the 

American way of life? Then I 
tried to imagine the thoughts 
which might be running through 
her mind. I heard Michiko say- 
ing to me, "I hate you, Mary, be- 
cause of all the things you have 
done to me. I can't help hating 

That is what I thought all my 
Japanese cousins would think of 
the Americans, but here is a case 
where it does not seem to be 
working out that way. Not so 
long ago, I received a letter 
from a friend of mine who is 
serving as an allied interpreter 
in Tokyo. He wrote, "Dear 
Mary. Yesterday as I was wan- 
dering through Uyeno Park, a 
young lad dressed in college uni- 
form approached me. He blurted 
out a few words in English — 
broken English it was. Imagine 
his surprise when I replied in 
Japanese. He apologized but 
hastened to explain that he was 
a student of English at the Uni- 
versity of Japan. I found To- 
shio to be a friendly, likable 
chap. He begged me to visit his 
home in the outskirts of Tokyo 
city. He even promised to guide 
me back to my headquarters, so 
I went with him — a twenty- 
minute ride to his beautiful, 

Hollyman from 

modern home. Apparently the 
bombs had missed it. I found 
his parents friendly too. They 
insisted that I stay for dinner — 
share what they had to eat. 

"We couldn't discuss Jack 
Benny, Chopin, the New Deal, 
or the Brooklyn Dodgers. Nei- 
ther did I find Toshio pert, self- 
confident, and independent as 
you think a collegian ought to 
be. But he is inquisitive. 'Do 
you, in American colleges, sit in 
the same classrooms with girls? 
Can you say anything you want 
to about your president? Even 
call Mr. Truman a hypocrite? 
What's the sense to this stuff you 
call boogie woogie and jive? 
You wear shoes in your home?' 
Toshio certainly is eager to 
learn the American way of doing 
things. And then he went on to 
say how happy he is that he no 
longer is dominated by the mili- 
tary mongers. He can plan his 
own life — finish college, estab- 

lish his home and family. He 
says that what he wants, most of 
all, is the feeling of security 
which comes through world 

After I read this letter, I be- 
gan to wonder about these peo- 
ple who are supposedly treach- 
erous, insidious, bestial. These 
adjectives certainly do not de- 
scribe Toshio and his family. 
And then I began to wonder if 
my cousin, too, might have this 
same attitude if she were still 
alive today. 

I believe that my Japanese 
cousins are capable of trans- 
forming their lives and prac- 
tices to the Occidental ways if 
their motivation is strong 
enough. When my parents 
came to America, they adopted 
many American folkways, hab- 
its, furnishings, and even reli- 
gious practices. But they were 
reluctant to divest themselves 
entirely of their cultural herit- 

age, because they were given no 
assurance that they would be ac- 
cepted in the American society. 

Tonight, I stand on a wall, but 
now I feel as though Michiko 
and Toshio stand along side of 
me. They watch America with 
critical eyes. They respect the 
Yanks in khaki, but they can not 
quite seem to forget the atom 
bombs. Tonight, Michiko and 
Toshio ask this question: "If we 
should Westernize Japan, will 
we be accepted as equals, or will 
we always be treated as little 
yellow men and women?" 

To this question, I believe my 
dad, from his grave, would an- 
swer something like this: "Your 
mother and I, too, were young 
once. We had great hopes. We 
came over here, established our 
home and family. We thought 
we would become a part of 
America. But I know better 
than that now. I know from 
thirty-five years of experience — 
segregated schools, alien land 
law, boycott. Exclusion Act, 
evacuation. Our race and physi- 
cal features will always set us 
apart. We will never be accept- 
ed. NO, NEVER!" 

And then I can imagine Toshio 
and Michiko's fathers saying, 
"Ours is a dark and forbidding 
future. We will always be op- 
pressed by the occupational 

But I want to tell our parents 
that the future I see from my 
vantage point is a bright and 
happy one. I have wonderful 
friends in Sacramento, in Chi- 
cago, in Elgin, in Manchester. 
My friends and I have mutual 
love, respect and understanding. 
Between us there is no wall. I 
want to tell the older generation 
that the East and the West will 
understand each other tomor- 
row. The two civilizations will 
merge, and in this one world we 
shall live as true brothers re- 
gardless of race, color or creed. 
Is this just a fantastic dream of 

FEBRUARY 8, 1947 7 

Brotherhood in a Brotherhood Age 

Joshua Loth Liebman 

Rabbi of Temple Israel, Boston, 

THIS Brotherhood Week 
should possess a new sig- 
nificance for all Ameri- 
cans, reminding u^ that we live 
now in an age of enormous sim- 
plification. The issue is very 
simple — life or death for all of 

Gradually we are coming to 
understand what a man-created 
fire modern Prometheus has 
stolen from the gods. Like fire, 
atomic energy can destroy man's 
dwelling place or give warmth, 
light and cheer — the blessing or 
the curse, life or death. Our 
whole earth stands now as did 

Israel at Mount Sinai, where ac- 
cording to the great rabbinic 
legend God lifted the mountain 
by its roots and said in effect, 
"Even against your will accept 
these moral commandments of 
life or I shall bury you beneath 
this mass of matter." 

In such an age of decision as 
ours, brotherhood dares tolerate 
no exceptions. An exception in 
brotherhood is like the veto 
power applied to the control of 
atomic weapons — the negation 
of life and hope. If we in Amer- 
ica act on the assumption that 
"we believe in freedom and jus- 

tice for all except the Negroes 
or the Jews," or some other 
group-object of our prejudice 
then that little word except is 
the tragic veto undermining the 
foundations both of brotherhood 
and of religion. For the prin- 
ciple of unanimity in the appli- 
cation of love and justice to men 
and women of every race and 
creed is the sine qua non of hu- 
man survival in the Atomic Age. 
Of course, there are enemies, 
visible and invisible, of this prin- 
ciple of brotherhood at work in 
America. The hooded forces of 
bigotry ride today along many 

towards raefi 

% Pattern for Peace 

Courtesy Conference of Christians and Jews 

Dear Mr. Editor: 

Because of my deep conviction of the importance of national 
unity, civic co-operation, international understanding and the 
rights of every individual regardless of his race, religion or 
national origin, I have accepted the general chairmanship of 
the 1947 observance' of Brotherhood Week sponsored annually 
by the American Brotherhood of the National Conference of 
Christians and Jev/s. 

The President of the United States has accepted the honorary 
chairmanship. Hundreds of our most distinguished Americans 
and all public information media have co-operated in advancing 
the objectives of this -weeY which has developed in the past 
fourteen years to be one of the most significant and wholesome 
manifestations in American life. 

I am sure that of the many appeals you receive, there is no 
other which is of greater interest to all elements of our popula- 
tion, or one which wUl bring you greater personal satisfaction 
in supporting. 


John G. Winant 



September 26, 1946 
Dear Dr. Clinchy: 

I accept the honorary chairmanship of American Brotherhood 
Week, 1947, with the firm conviction that brotherhood is essen- 
tial to the establishment and maintenance of peace. Our supreme 
need is brotherhood as a pattern for peace, here and across the 

Our own land can make no greater contribution to this troubled 
world than to establish brotherhood as the rule of life among all 
our citizens of every religion, race or national origin. Brother- 
hood — live it, believe it, support it — must be the resolve that 
governs our relations to one another. We cannot hope to com- 
mend brotherhood abroad unless we practice it at home. 

Democracy rests upon brotherhood. Justice, amity, under- 
standing and co-operation among Protestants, Catholics and 
Jews throughout our nation are cornerstones of democracy, even 
as they are the requirements of brotherhood. With them we can 
maintain our national unity and keep up the teamwork needed 
in peace as in war. 

I, therefore, join heartily with the National Conference of 
Christians and Jews and with all forces of goodwill in our coun- 
try in commending nationwide observance of American Brother- 
hood Week, February 16-23, 1947. I hope that our citizens will 
meet in church and schoolhouse, in halls and public places to 
affirm anew the principles upon which the realization of brother- 
hood depends and to strengthen the bonds that hold us together 
as we face the demanding tasks to which destiny summons us. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Dr. Everett R. Clinchy, 

National Conference of Christians and Jews, 
381 Fourth Avenue, 
New York 16, N. Y. 

highways of frustration and bit- 
terness. The Ku Klux Klan is 
but one symbol among many of 
organized intolerance now dis- 
figuring our national landscape. 
More dangerous than these pres- 
ent hatemongers is the invisible 
threat of future economic de- 
pression. We must never per- 
mit our good American earth to 
be transformed into a wasteland 
of social and industrial misery. 
For it is in the man-made 
swamps of hunger and jobless- 
ness and psychic insecurity that 
hate breeds and "scapegoatism" 
grows. Where hate rules a na- 
tion, no man, however powerful, 
no religion, however noble, no 

i class, however strong, is truly 
safe. Borrowing an allegory 
from our Bible — the story of the 
sacrifice of Isaac — we can say 
that all of us are in the position 
of Abraham today, called upon 
to offer some of our highly 

I treasured ideas and possessions 
upon the altar of survival — our 

- economic selfishness, our social 
injustice, our religious preju- 
dices and racial bigotries, all of 
which may have seemed toler- 
able in the pre-atomic era but 
which now threaten to become 
the detonators of the earth's last 

Let us not forget during this 
Brotherhood Week that there 
are streaks of light as well as 
dark shadows upon the Ameri- 
can canvas. What is often over- 
looked is that America is the 
only country in human experi- 
ence that from its birth was 
consecrated to equality, brother- 
hood, democracy. America from 
the time of its founding under 
Washington, Adams and Jeffer- 
son has had a psychically 
healthy, spiritually tolerant pat- 
tern to follow. These intangibles 
of national psychology must not 
be discounted. It is true that we 
Americans have had our aber- 
rations, our violent prejudices 
and racial discriminations, but 
the whole trend of government 
from the very beginning has 
been to eliminate them, not to 

Eva Luoma 

Pctul E. Miller 

Adel, Iowa 

/ do not ask jor roses rare 

When sunlight sparkles on the 

I only ask that God will care 
And make my heart aglow. 

The boughs hang heavy with their 

Oj snow, which bends them through 

and through; 
I only ask that on lije's road 
God makes my life anew. 

The panorama that I view 
Thrills all within m.y soul; 
I only ask that God renew 
And make my spirit whole. 

glorify them. This new nation 
began its career on earth with 
an unparalleled idealism. It has 
not had to repress or disavow 
centuries of brutal history. Its 
earth here, as it were, has been 
relatively fresh and sweet- 
smelling from the very begin- 
ning and has not had to be per- 
fumed in order to conceal the 
stench and the odor of the blood 
of generations of martyrs. It is 
this difference between Euro- 
pean and American history 
which offers genuine hope for 
our leadership in brotherhood. 

It is not only the wonderful 
normalcy of America in its 
childhood which is a source of 
hope for mankind's future; it is 
also America's pioneering work 

in atomic research which, para- 
doxically enough, opens up a 
different vista as far as brother- 
hood is concerned. A new fac- 
tor has entered the field of hu- 
man relations. The world is 
going to have to be better than 
it has ever been or there will be 
no world. The Atomic Age can 
spell doom for the millionaire 
and the commissar, the edu- 
cated and the uneducated, the 
young and the old alike. There 
is a good chance that under this 
sword of Damocles, this possi- 
bility of universal doom, man- 
kind will learn before it is too 
late that the differences between 
men are far less than the unities 
among them. There is a real 
possibility that just as the Jew- 
ish people through the ages 
achieved mutual solicitude un- 
der the threat of external dan- 
ger, so now the peoples of the 
world will achieve a new social 
solidarity and compassionate to- 
getherness under the threat of 
nature's awesome power. The 
problem of racial and religious 
hatreds may very well be swal- 
lowed up in the larger problem 
of human survival. 

From now on nobody will be 
safe from anybody else and that 
very universality of danger can 
create a brotherhood of danger 
in which inevitable differences 
will be accepted as unimportant 
compared with the desperate 
unity of the human family. In 
this age of simplification, people 
must control their aggressions 
and hostilities against minority 
groups or the whole world will 
go up in smoke. The persecu- 
tion of one group will be the 
trigger pulling the gun of atomic 
warfare. If that day should 
come, Catholics, Protestants, 
Jews, blacks, whites, yellows 
and reds will suffer the same 
radiation burns and die in the 
same dust. The menace of this 
Atomic Age can yet become the 
birthplace of that mutual sym- 

Contlnued on page 14 
FEBRUARY 8. 1947 i 

Cabin in NortBr Carolina 



Zigzagging Through Dixie 

A. Ritchie Low 

Race Relations Committee of the Congre- 
gational-Christian Churches 

1G0T on a bus near Savan- 
nah, Georgia. The bus was 
crowded and I had to stand. 
Gradually the crowd thinned 
out, and when a young Negro 
girl got ofif I took her seat at the 
rear of the bus. 

Sitting next to me was a color- 
ed chap in his twenties and we 
got to visiting. He had been in 
the merchant marine, he told 
me, and had traveled in many 
parts of the world. I asked him 
if he had had any exciting ex- 
periences during the war. He 
said he had. One pitch-dark 
night, when his ship was bound 
for England with a cargo of war 
material, it was struck by a 
German submarine. It was as 
though all hell had broken loose. 
Men, burning wood, bits of steel 
and tongues of flame were mixed 
in a jumbled mess. He and a 



few others somehow managed to 
reach one of the lifeboats and 
take to the open sea, where they 
were finally picked up. 

While he was telling me his 
story a colored girl across the 
aisle got up and walked toward 
the bus driver, who opened the 
door and let her out. Then, in- 
stead of closing the door and 
starting up again, the driver 
walked to where we sat and 
pointing his finger at my com- 
panion said, politely but firmly: 
"You. You get over there," mo- 
tioning to the place vacated by 
the girl. 

Quickly and without saying a 
word that young Negro Ameri- 
can, who had risked his life and 
endured privation in the service 
of our country, shifted places. 
Looking over in my direction the 
driver said, "We don't ride that 
way down here," and added, 
"We're white folks." 

In Mississippi I noticed that at 
a certain railroad station all the 
taxis driven by colored men 
stood in a sjiot rather far re- 
moved from the stream of traf- 
fic. White drivers' cabs were at 
the curb next to the station, but 
the Negroes' were so far away 
that, when prospective fares 
emerged from the station, the 
drivers had to yell, "Taxi, taxi," 
loud enough to be heard across 
the street. 

One of them was telling me 
about this as we drove out into 
the country to a distant college. 
This young fellow was a veteran 
with several years' service over- 
seas. He mentioned another 
handicap. Their shouting for 
passengers brought complaints 
from guests in a near-by hotel, 
who said they were unable to 
sleep because of the noise. It 
was a tough spot he and his bud- 
dies were in. 

I asked him what his license 
cost and he said about $125. He 
didn't think any of his pals were 
getting much in return and 
wanted to know if I had any 
suggestions to make. I told him 
I thought it might be a good idea 
if he and the other colored driv- 
ers called on the city officials, 
when the time came to renew 
their various city licenses. This 
would give them a chance to ex- 
plain the unfairness of the setup 
and to ask that all taxis be put 
on an equal competitive basis. 
Otherwise they should seek 
some financial adjustment. The 
idea apE>ealed to him; maybe 
he'd take it up with the boys. 

At a college in Alabama where 
I spoke a well-known Negro 
singer happened to be on hand 
to present a program. He was 
accompanied by a German Jew- 
ish refugee. The next day we 
drove together to the railroad 
station, the German Jew and I 

going in- at one door, the well- 
know artist at another. 

"This is a great wonderful 
country," the European said to 
me as we stood in line to buy 
our Pullmans, "and I have come 
to love everything in it except 
that," and he pointed to a sign 
reading "Colored." 

Many whites in the South do 
not like Jim Crow practices, but 
somehow they feel that for busi- 
ness and other reasons they 
must go along with the majority. 
Take the story told me by a res- 
taurant owner in a large city in 
Bilboland. A while back an 
army major made arrangements 
for twenty-five G. I.'s passing 
through the city to eat in this 
man's restaurant. Nothing was 
said about any of them being 
colored. Arriving at his place of 
business the morning the boys 
were to be fed, he was greatly 
surprised to find a large and bel- 
ligerent crowd out on the side- 

Visit to Schwarzenau and Sweden 

This report carries the story of how Bro. Zigler spent Christmas Day in Schwarzenau. 
Germany, the birthploce of the Church of the Brethren. 

On Christmas I was in Schwarzenau. There I had the good fortune 
to visit with th^ local minister, Pfarrer Pahst, and his family. We went 
up the mountain to Huttenthal, where Alexander Mack lived, and later 
gave some gifts to the people living in the hom,e where the Bible used 
by Alexander Mack and his friend, Ernst Hochmann, is now kept. That 
this is actually the Mack Bible has supposedly been verified by a research 
statement comparing notations in it with those found in an authentic 
Testament, now thought to be at Berleburg, used by Mack. We also 
visited the place where Mack was supposed to have lived in the small 
town of Schwarzenau. Here we found siocty refugees from Silesia. There 
are about 300 expellees and 250 bombed-out people in the area of Schwarz- 
enau now. The day was very enjoyable but the people had little that 
was good to eat even though this is a favored rural community. 

On the following days we journeyed to Sweden where we enjoyed 
the fellowship of Niels Esbensen and wife, who have been there over 
one year. Also, we enjoyed the fellowship of the members of the Malmo 
church. It was impossible to visit the country churches in Sweden or 
Denmark. However, we had the opportunity of going through reports 
and were able to observe that the churches suffered Tnux:h during the war. 
After war come strong movements to draw people away from what has 
been before the war. The people of the Swedish church are eager to 
begin anew, even though they have a very small membership. Brother 
Esbensen is purchasing in Sweden some relief materials which will be 
sent to Germany and Poland. It is very fortunate that we have such 
capable leadership in Scandinavia now. The Esbensens speak the language 
and understand the people with whom they work. We should remernber 
the work in Siweden and Denmark and pray that it be continued in a 
very sticcessful way. I am sure that the CHiurch of the Brethren is needed 
in Europe. 

walk. Entering the restaurant 
he took in the situation at a 
glance: two of the soldiers were 
Negroes. Immediately he asked 
the officer in charge to take them 
out the back way but the major 
said nothing doing; they were in 
the uniform of Uncle Sam and 
he was treating them all alike. 

Meanwhile the crowd outside 
increased and began to-make an- 
gry threats. Slipping out a side 
door the restaurant owner went 
to the police, explained the pre- 
dicament and asked that they 
come over. Within a few min- 
utes policeman and the proprie- 
tor were back in the restaurant 
talking to the army officer who, 
together with the two colored 
men, was quietly removed to the 
police station. Later in the day, 
when the affair had subsided, 
they were all released. 

"Personally," this business- 
man told me, "I had no objec- 
tions to those colored soldiers 
eating in my restaurant. I dis- 
like the idea that in this country 
we have first- and second-class 
citizens, but if I hadn't acted the 
way I did and when I did my 
place might have been wrecked 
and I might have landed in the 
hospital. Things were headed 
that way." 

While being driven over some 
back roads in rural Alabama one 
day, I came across clusters of 
"shotgun" houses close to the 
highway. Outside these shacks 
and nailed to near-by trees were 
wooden signs reading "Posted. 
Keep out." I asked what the 
words meant. "They mean," said 
the Negro educator who accom- 
panied me, "that the plantation 
owner who owns these places 
and hires the people who live in 
them doesn't want outsiders 
messing around with his hired 
help." Anyone coming around 
with strange, new ideas could be 
picked up for trespassing. 

Later that morning the two of 
us were visiting with some 
white and colored cotton pickers 

FEBRUARY 8. 1947 


in a field. While we were talk- 
ing a white man in a small truck 
drove up the road and parked 
behind our car. When we re- 
turned to our car the newcomer 
asked me if I'd like to buy some 
apples. I told him no. 

What he really wanted to find 
out, I learned later, was what we 
were up to. He had seen us, 
both dressed up, talking with the 
workers in the field. Folks with 
collars and ties don't usually 
visit cotton pickers — not down 
Alabama way — especially dur- 
ing working hours. 

Zigzagging through Dixie I 
noticed a great difference be- 
tween white and Negro schools. 
Some of the latter are just tum- 
ble-down, dilapidated shacks, 
barnlike structures Vermont 
farmers wouldn't keep their 
cows in. One was in a complete 
state of collapse and it didn't 
surprise me to learn that when it 
pours rain the rural teacher ac- 
tually has to hold up an umbrel- 
la to keep dry. I am prepared 
to name the community in which 
this phenomenon occurs. 

In the county seat less than 
ten miles away I was assured by 
one of the leading citizens that 
the county's schools, white and 
colored, were in fine shape, that 
the people were proud of what 
was being done. He was a gen- 
ial, jovial man, friendly and 
communicative. When he said 
conditions in the colored schools 
were good he wasn't lying nor 
was he trying to make a good 
impression. This was the truth 
as he knew it. Probably never 
in all his life had he visited the 
section I had traveled over that 
morning; very few whites have. 
I enlightened him on what I had 
seen and heard. His reply was 
that he had been brought up 
with colored folks, understood 
them, loved them and knew how 
to handle them — he and other 
Southerners — far better than the ' 
well-meaning folk from up 
north. He was brotherly, I could 

see that; I could also see that he 
was wedded to the sta'tus quo. 
Hq wasn't tough or hard-hearted 
but just set in his ways. 

South of the Mason-Dixon line 
workers are joining unions in in- 
creasing numbers. Organizers, 
C.I.O. and A.F. of L., are meet- 
ing with fair success. Negroes 
prefer the C.I.O. for the simple 
reason that it draws no color 
line. The American Veterans 
Committee is making good head- 
way among G.I.'s for the same 
reason, Negroes on campuses be- 
ing especially interested. 

If the two races can meet to- 
gether in labor halls and under 
the auspices of veterans' organ- 
izations why can they not meet 
and worship together in the 
church of Christ? Zigzagging 
through Dixie I sought an an- 

Like all other organized 
groups in the South, the churches 
incline to ask not whether a de- 
cision is right or wrong but 
whether it is expedient. Their 
tendency is not to explore the 
mind of Christ but to take their 
cue from secular trends and 
prejudices. But the number of 

courageous ministers is on the- 
increase, and more and more 
laymen are becoming sensitive- 
to the wrongs inflicted on minor- 
ity groups. One Southern bishop 
has white and colored worship- 
ers in his diocese attend the 
same Sunday morning service. 
The church is God's house, he 
tells his people, and all are God's 
guests. There is no fuss; nO' 
statements are issued or preju- 
dices placated. The two races 
meet and bow down and find joy 
in serving their common Lord. 
In this connection, churches 
having some sort of central 
authority are at a great advan- 
tage over the more loosely or- 
ganized groups, for the prestige 
of the whole body is set over 
against local prejudices. 

Traveling thousands of miles 
through Dixie in these days, I 
have had a chance to talk with 
all sorts of people. I have 
found them on the whole fair 
and open-minded, anxious to 
better the lot of the underprivi- 
leged. What they most want to 
know is how to do it. 

Reprinted by permission of the 
Christian Century 



Feiley from Monkmeyer 

Eva Luoma 

A new day will dawn for the 
world when no nation any lon- 
ger prepares for war. Let us 
help to bring this new day by 
both hving and legislating the 
principles which make for 

A Seyen-Pom\ Program for Brethren 

Harper S. Will 
Pastor, Chlcaco, Illinois 

IT IS Christmas morning as 
this is being written. "Peace 
on earth" is the grand hope 
of humanity for this day. Our 
President in his Christmas mes- 
sage stated that we had made a 
"brave beginning," but that our 
"goal for a permanent peace is 
not yet won." He encouraged 
us with the hope that it would 
be won by Christmas 1947. But 
for some of us strange misgiv- 
ings arise when we watch the 
political maneuverings and ob- 

serve the direction in which we 
are being subtly led. It is down 
the same old roads that century 
after century have led us to con- 
flict and ruin. 

Plans are being laid with the 
convening of the 80th Congress 
in January to extend the Selec- 
tive Service Act, or, if the time 
is ripe, to enact legislation for 
permanent peacetime conscrip- 
tion. President Truman has ap- 
pointed an advisory committee 
that is at work now studying 

this question. As they all favor 
conscription in some form it is 
evident what their recommenda- 
tions will be. Powerful forces 
are exerting their influence to 
get this legislation pushed 
through. We talk disarmament, 
but we lay plans for another 
competitive arms race. Prof. 
Einstein says, "We must realize 
we cannot simultaneously plan 
for war and peace." 

FEBRUARY 8. 1947 


I have been asked to suggest 
a few things we Brethren can 
do regarding this issue. At one 
point we will all likely agree. 
If we are going to do anything 
to prevent the enactment of a 
peacetime military conscription 
law it must be done NOW. There 
are those who think it is already 
too late. But is it ever too late 
to do battle for a noble cause? 

I would propose seven experi- 
ments that each of us could and 
should make. 

We could think more. A lec- 
turer said, "Man will persist in 
any effort to avoid the work of 
thinking." Maybe that is why 
we are where we are today. 
Maybe we have not used our 
heads. Maybe we are too much 
like totalitarian peoples, permit- 
ting ourselves to be pushed 
about. Democracy calls for a 
thinking people. Have we 
learned to discriminate between 
propaganda and truth? What 
is the truth about atomic war- 
fare? What are the steps that 
lead to war in our. modern 
world? "I am a frightened man. 
All the scientists I know are 
frightened, for their lives and 
your life." It is time to think 
when scientists talk like that. 

We could read more. Igno- 
rance is suicidal in our Atomic 
Age, and inexcusable. This is 
no time to say, "All I read is the 
comics." Books like Kirby 
Page's Now Is the Time to Pre- 
vent a Third World War, John 
Hersey's Hiroshima, Leland 
Stowe's While Time Remains, 
Norman Cousins' Modern Man 
Is Obsolete should be on the 
must list of every enlightened 

We could repent. It is easy to 
blame others (Jews, Bolshe- 
viks, etc.) for the conditions of 
our world. But maybe each of 
us has had something to do with 
the creating of the forces that 
have brought us to this fateful 
hour in human history. Maybe 
we have contributed a little or 


GOSPEL mesS£KG|:h 

much to the world's vast store 
of greed and suspicion and, hate 
that lead on to militarism and 
war. Does not the blood of our 
fellow men cry to all of us from 
the earth? While our brothers 
died, starved, languished in pris- 
on cells, have not most of us pur- 
sued our own little ways? There 
is a power gained through peni- 
tence that each of us needs, and 
could discover. 

We could pray more. Prayer 
takes many forms, and has many 
functions. It may be likened to 
a walk "through green pastures 
and beside still waters," or it 
may be likened to a struggle on 
a battlefield. ' Gethsemane was a 
battleground for the Master. 
John Knox's prayer was, "O 
God, give me Scotland, or I die." 
Prayer like that will go far to 
gird us for the struggle. Maltbie 
Babcock said, "Our prayers must 
mean something to us, if they 
are to mean anything to God." 
A discovery of the true natiire 
of prayer would make the forces 
for peace invincible. Frank Lau- 
bach says prayer is the mightiest 
force in the universe. 

We could talk more. We have 
forgotten the power of the indi- 
vidual in our atomic world. The 
grapevine route is still a dy- 
namic force in the shaping of 
opinion. It is not the mayor's 
speeches so much as the pre- 
cinct workers' contacts that 
bring in the votes. You may 
not be able to stand before the 
microphone and speak to twen- 
ty million people scattered 
across the nation, but you can 
talk to the neighbor across the 
garden wall, to the barber as he 
cuts your hair, to the lady shar- 
ing your seat. View each person 
you meet as your opportunity. 

We could write more. Ours 
is a representative government. 
We elect men to make our laws. 
They represent us — ^the people. 
It is a part of our civic duty to 
let them know what we think 
about the basic issues. Write 
your senators, your congress- 
man, the Pi-esident, the Secre- 

tary of State, and others in stra- 
tegic positions, telling them in 
your own language what you 
think about peacetime conscrip- 
tion. If you think it is un-Amer- 
ican, write them. If you think 
it was militarism that led Europe 
to ruin, write them. If you think 
it is the wrong road, write them. 

We could organize a peace 
action group. There is not a 
community across the United 
States but has a few minds that 
see the tragedy of peacetime 
conscription. Gather them to- 
gether, study the situation, pray 
together, arrange for public ral- 
lies and devise ways in which 
this threatened evil can be over- 

If you think the above experi- 
ments are prosaic and common- 
place, and you want something 
more aggressive, may I suggest 
one more step. Go into your 
closet, quiet your mind, and 
seek the guidance of the Eternal 
Spirit. Jesus did that in Geth- 
semane, and the cross was the 
answer. Henry Thoreau did it 
in the days of the Civil War, and 
he ended up in jail because he 
would not pay his taxes. Mar- 
tin Niemoeller did it and he 
spent seven years in a concentra- 
tion camp in Hitler's Germany. 
Some who are doing it today are 
being guided to return their Se- 
lective Service cards. Others 
are being directed to go to Wash- 
ington and interview officials. 
God has many ways of leading 
his people in the battle for right- 
eousness and peace. 

NOW is the day of salvation. 
The time may be shorter than 
we think. We ^ dare not drift, 
along further. Civilization is 
at stake. 


Continued from page 9 

pathy for all men which will 
make the earth safe at last for 
minorities and majorities alike. 
"Out of the eater came forth 
meat, and out of the strong came 
forth sweetneiss." 

This Brotherhood WeeW 
should remind us all that our 

generation has the chance to 
make the earth God's dwelling 
place. It need not become a 
graveyard of hopes. We can 
make it the graveyard of fulfill- 
ment. We need not, like Sam- 
son, tear down the piflars of life 
in a blind atomic rage. Our gen- 
eration can become like Moses, 
greeting God face to face, ma- 
ture, free, loving, answering the 
threat of evil, "unconditional 
destruction," with life's greater 
affirmation, "unconditional sur- 

The Church Must Become a 


Rcdph E. Diifendorfer 

Executive Secretary, Board of Missions 
and Church Extension, Methodist Church 

AMERICA'S unfair and un- 
christian treatment o f 
nonwhite minority groups 
is a major deterrent to the 
spread of Christianity through- 
out the world. Treat the Mexi- 
can fairly and Christianity will 
be proclaimed in Latin America, 
Clear our American Indian rec- 
ord and East Indians will take 
notice of democracy and Chris- 
tianity. Abolish lynching, not 
by law, but by effectively ac- 
knowledging the Negro's right to 
respect and decent citizenship 
and not only Africa but all the 
nonwhite world will rise up and 
call the church blessed. 

The expenditure of an esti- 
mated $650,000,000 on new 
church buildings in the United 
States will not cause a ripple of 
comment in the non-Christian 
world of Asia, Africa, the i